List of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender firsts by year

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This list of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) firsts by year denotes pioneering LGBT endeavors organized chronologically. Openly LGBT people remain a demographic minority in most places. In areas that historically are not known for having (or being friendly to) LGBT people who do not remain closeted, a "first" can make it easier for other openly LGBT persons to enter the field or for those who are closeted to come out. Openly LGBT people being visible in society affects societal attitudes toward homosexuality, bisexuality, and the transgender community on a wider level.

One commonly cited example is Harvey Milk, the first openly gay person to be elected to political office in California, becoming the most visible LGBT politician in the world in the 1970s, after decades of resistance to LGBT people by mainstream culture. Milk encouraged LGBT people to "come out of the closet" during his speeches; as a result of his work and his assassination—along with San Francisco mayor George Moscone—thousands of ordinary people did so. In 2002, Milk was called "the most famous and most significantly open LGBT official ever elected in the United States".[1]

1800s to 1920s[edit]


  • the first issue of Der Eigene appears in Berlin, it is the first gay periodical worldwide (last issue 1932)



  • German journalist Anna Rüling, in a speech to the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee in Berlin, makes the first known public statement of the socio-legal problems faced by lesbians.




  • Lesbian Elsa Gidlow, born in England, published the first volume of openly lesbian love poetry in the United States, titled "On A Grey Thread."


  • Society for Human Rights – First gay rights organization in the United States (West Third).[3] Published Friendship and Freedom, the first American gay publication.
  • the first issue of 'Die Freundin (the girlfriend) appears; it was the first Lesbian magazine worldwide.[4]


  • Wings is released and includes what many refer to as the first on screen male-male kiss in cinema (actually a man and a woman disguised as a man).





  • Mona's 440 Club, the first lesbian gay bar in America, opened in San Francisco.[7][8] Mona's waitresses and female performers wore tuxedos and patrons dressed their roles.[8]


  • Actor William Haines, refuses to have an arranged wedding, and retires from acting to live with his partner Jimmie Shields until his death in 1973.



  • Frances V. Rummell, an educator and a teacher of French at Stephens College, published an autobiography under the title Diana: A Strange Autobiography; it was the first explicitly lesbian autobiography in which two women end up happily together.[10] This autobiography was published with a note saying, "The publishers wish it expressly understood that this is a true story, the first of its kind ever offered to the general reading public".[10]




  • Vice Versa – First lesbian-interest publication in the United States.




  • Christine Jorgensen (born in 1926 named George William Jorgensen, Jr.) a Euro-American became the first widely known person to have sex reassignment surgery.
  • "Spring Fire," the first lesbian paperback novel, and the beginning of the lesbian pulp fiction genre, was published in 1952 and sold 1.5 million copies.[12][13] It was written by lesbian Marijane Meaker under the false name Vin Packer,[12] and ended unhappily.
  • One Magazine publishes as the first gay men's magazine in the United States. Founded in Los Angeles, it would later transform into an education institution and then into The One Archives, one of the worlds largest and oldest surviving LGBT archives. (see ONE, Inc. )



  • The first gay leather bar, the Gold Coast, opened in Chicago in 1958.


  • South, earliest known gay TV drama, broadcast in the UK, 24 November 1959[15]



  • Liverpool born April Ashley became Britain's first person to undergo sexual reassignment surgery[16][17]
  • Cpls. Fannie Mae Clackum and Grace Garner, U.S. Air Force reservists in the late 1940s and early 1950s, became the first people to successfully challenge their discharges from the U.S. military for being gay, although the ruling turned on the fact that there wasn't enough evidence to show the women were lesbians—rather than that there was nothing wrong with it if they were.[18]
  • Nancy Ledins (born William F. Griglak), an ordained Catholic priest, came out as a transgender woman, becoming the first openly transgender Catholic priest.


  • José Sarria – first openly gay person to run for public office in the United States (San Francisco city-county supervisor).[19]


  • The Tavern Guild, the first gay business association in the United States, was created by gay bar owners in 1962 as a response to continued police harassment and closing of gay bars (including the Tay-Bush Inn raid), and continued until 1995.[20]


  • The first photograph of lesbians on the cover of lesbian magazine The Ladder appeared in September 1964, showing two women from the back, on a beach looking out to sea.


  • Vanguard, an organization of LGBT youth in the low-income Tenderloin district of San Francisco, was created in 1965. It is considered the first Gay Liberation organization in the U.S.[21][22]


  • The first lesbian to appear on the cover of lesbian magazine The Ladder with her face showing was Lilli Vincenz in January 1966.
  • In 1966 the first case to consider transsexualism in the US was heard, Mtr. of Anonymous v. Weiner, 50 Misc. 2d 380, 270 N.Y.S.2d 319 (1966). The case concerned a transsexual person from New York City who had undergone sex reassignment surgery and wanted a change of name and sex on their birth certificate. The New York City Health Department refused to grant the request, and the court ruled that the New York City and New Jersey Health Code only permitted a change of sex on the birth certificate if an error was made recording it at birth, so the Health Department acted correctly. The decision of the court in Weiner was affirmed in a case brought by Deborah Hartin, Mtr. of Hartin v. Dir. of Bur. of Recs., 75 Misc. 2d 229, 232, 347 N.Y.S.2d 515 (1973) and Anonymous v. Mellon, 91 Misc. 2d 375, 383, 398 N.Y.S.2d 99 (1977).



  • In the aftermath of the Compton's Cafeteria Riot, a network of transgender social, psychological, and medical support services was established, which culminated in 1968 with the creation of the National Transsexual Counseling Unit [NTCU], the first such peer-run support and advocacy organization in the world.[24]


  • Rev. James Lewis Stoll, M.Div. (January 18, 1936 – December 8, 1994), a Unitarian Universalist minister, is the first ordained minister of an established denomination to come out as gay. He leads the effort that convinced the Unitarian Universalist Association to pass their first-ever gay rights resolution in 1970.[25]

1960s (year unknown)[edit]

  • In the late 1960s in New York, Mario Martino founded the Labyrinth Foundation Counseling Service, which was the first transgender community-based organization that specifically addressed the needs of female-to-male transsexuals.



  • The Greek letter lambda was selected as a symbol by the Gay Activists Alliance of New York in 1970.
  • The first lesbian/feminist bookstore in the U.S. was the Amazon Bookstore Cooperative, which opened in Minneapolis in 1970. It later became True Colors bookstore (with a labrys acting as the "T,") but has since closed.[26]
  • On June 27, 1970, the first gay and lesbian pride parade in the world was held in Chicago, followed by a march in New York City and a parade in Los Angeles on June 28, 1970 to commemorate the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots.[27] Today such parades are held annually throughout the world.[28]
  • In September 1970, University of Southern California staff member Del Whan taught the first LGBTQ class at USC. Her class, entitled "Social Movement: Gay Liberation" was offered through the Experimental College. It soon evolved into a student group called The Gay Liberation Forum, the first gay and lesbian group on campus. After years of struggle the group was finally recognized by USC in 1975. It continues today under the name Queer and Ally Student Assembly.
  • In 1970, the Task Force on Gay Liberation formed within the American Library Association. Now known as the GLBT Round Table, this organization is the oldest LGBTQ professional organization in the United States.[29]


  • Jim Morris – first openly gay IFBB professional bodybuilder[30]
  • In February 1971 Virginia Hoeffding and Del Whan of the Los Angeles Gay Liberation Front opened the Gay Women's Service Center in Echo Park. It was the first social service center for lesbian women in the country. Their listing in the phone book was the first time the word "Gay" had ever appeared in the directory.
  • The University of Michigan became the first college in America to establish an LGBT office.[31]
  • In 1971, during a UCLA conference called "The Homosexual in America," Betty Berzon became the first psychotherapist in the country to come out as gay to the public.[32]
  • Frank Kameny became the first openly gay candidate for the United States Congress[33] when he ran in the District of Columbia's first election for a non-voting Congressional delegate.[34]
  • Boys in the Sand was the first gay porn film to include credits, to achieve crossover success, to be reviewed by Variety,[35] and one of the earliest porn films, after 1969's Blue Movie[36][37][38][39] by Andy Warhol, to gain mainstream credibility, preceding 1972's Deep Throat by nearly a year. It was promoted with an advertising campaign unprecedented for a pornographic feature, premiered in New York City in 1971 and was an immediate critical and commercial success.[40]
  • December 1971: first off-Broadway play to discuss a romantic gay relationship, 'Nightride' by Lee Barton, opens.[41]
  • The Libertarian Party is formed in December 1971,[42] openly supporting equal rights regardless of voluntary sexual relations.[43]
  • The Alice B. Toklas Democratic Club, founded in San Francisco in 1971, was the first gay Democratic club of the United States.



  • Hawaii would become the first state to decriminalize consensual homosexual sex acts between adults, while Delaware became the sixth state in the nation to repeal its sodomy law.
  • New York City Mayor John Lindsay issued an anti-bias order protecting city employees from discrimination based on homosexuality. Meanwhile, in San Francisco, the Board of Supervisors banned discrimination based on gender and sexual orientation for both the city and those doing business with the city.
  • National Coalition of Gay Organizations called for the repeal of all legislative provisions that restrict the sex of persons entering into a marriage unit and extension of legal benefits of marriage to all persons who cohabit regardless of sex.[50]
  • The first gay studies program in the U.S. began at Sacramento State University in California.
  • October 1972: first legal challenge for same-sex marriage; the U.S. Supreme Court declines to hear the appeal of Baker v. Nelson "for want of a substantial federal question" in a state court case where two men challenged Minnesota's refusal to approve their application for a marriage license.[51]
  • October 1972: Maryland becomes the first U.S. state to pass a statute banning marriage between homosexual couples[52]
  • November 1972: That Certain Summer aired on ABC, the first television screenplay to sensitively explore homosexuality through the story of an American housewife (Hope Lange) losing her husband (Hal Holbrook) to a young artist (Martin Sheen).
  • American Psychiatric Association (APA) voted 13–0 to remove homosexuality from its DSM-II (the official list of psychiatric disorders). The APA also passed a resolution urging an end to all private and public discrimination against homosexuals.
  • Beth Chayim Chadashim was founded in 1972 as the first LGBT synagogue in the world, and the first LGBT synagogue recognized by the Union for Reform Judaism.[53]
  • A Quaker group, the Committee of Friends on Bisexuality, issued the "Ithaca Statement on Bisexuality" supporting bisexuals.[54] The Statement, which may have been "the first public declaration of the bisexual movement" and "was certainly the first statement on bisexuality issued by an American religious assembly," appeared in the Quaker Friends Journal and The Advocate in 1972.[55][56][57] Today Quakers have varying opinions on LGBT people and rights, with some Quaker groups more accepting than others.[58]
  • The first gay bar to have clear windows in San Francisco was Twin Peaks Tavern, which removed its blacked-out windows in 1972.


  • Sally Miller Gearhart became the first open lesbian to obtain a tenure-track faculty position when she was hired by San Francisco State University, where she helped establish one of the first women and gender study programs in the country.[59]
  • Lavender Country, an American country music band, released a self-titled album which is the first known gay-themed album in country music history.[60]
  • Pedro Felipe Ramírez, became the first gay Ministry of State in Chile.
  • Jim Morris, became the first openly gay bodybuilder to win AAU Mr. America overall, most muscular, best arms, and best chest titles.[61]


  • Kathy Kozachenko – first openly gay or lesbian candidate to win public office in the United States (won a seat on the Ann Arbor, Michigan, city council) She was elected from the Human Rights Party, and replaced Nancy Wechsler, who did not run for re-election.
  • Elaine Noble became the first openly gay or lesbian candidate ever elected to a state-level office in America when she was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives.[62] She had come out as a lesbian during her campaign.[62]
  • Allan Spear – served almost thirty years in the Minnesota Senate, including nearly a decade as President of the Senate.
  • Gay activists in Boston chose the purple rhinoceros as a symbol of the gay movement after conducting a media campaign in 1974. They selected this animal because, although it is sometimes misunderstood, it is docile and intelligent – but when a rhinoceros is angered, it fights ferociously. Lavender was used because it was a widely recognized gay pride color; the heart was added to represent love and the "common humanity of all people".[citation needed]
  • Angela Morley became the first openly transgender person to be nominated for an Academy Award, when she was nominated for one in the category of Best Music, Original Song Score/Adaptation for The Little Prince (1974), a nomination shared with Alan Jay Lerner, Frederick Loewe, and Douglas Gamley.
  • In December 1974, the lambda was officially declared the international symbol for gay and lesbian rights by the International Gay Rights Congress in Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • The world's first gay softball league was formed in San Francisco in 1974 as the Community Softball League, which eventually included both women's and men's teams. The teams, usually sponsored by gay bars, competed against each other and against the San Francisco Police softball team.[63]


  • Minneapolis became the first city in the United States to pass trans-inclusive civil rights protection legislation.[64]
  • Clela Rorex, a clerk in Boulder County, Colorado, issued the first same-sex marriage licenses in the United States, issuing the very first of them to Dave McCord and Dave Zamora, on March 26, 1975.[65] Six same-sex marriages were performed as a result of her giving out licenses, but all of the marriages were overturned later that year.[65]
  • Twelve women became the first group of women in Japan to publicly identify as lesbians, publishing one issue of a magazine called Subarashi Onna (Wonderful Women).[66]


  • In 1976 the first case in the United States which found that post-operative transsexuals could marry in their post-operative sex was decided. It was the New Jersey case M.T. v. J.T., 140 N.J. Super. 77, 355 A.2d 204, cert. denied 71 N.J. 345 (1976). Here the court expressly considered the English Corbett v. Corbett decision, but rejected its reasoning.
  • Tom Gallagher became the first United States Foreign Service officer to come out as gay; he quit the Foreign Service after that, as he would have been unable to obtain a security clearance.[67][68][69]



Harvey Milk in 1978. Milk was the first openly gay elected politician in California
  • Harvey Milk – first openly gay or lesbian candidate elected to political office in California; seventh openly gay/lesbian elected official nationally (third man to be openly gay at time of his election)
  • Allen Bennett became the first openly gay rabbi in the United States in 1978.[83]
  • Samois, the first lesbian S/M group in the United States, was founded.[84]
  • Robin Tyler became the first out lesbian on U.S. national television, appearing on a Showtime comedy special hosted by Phyllis Diller. The same year she released her comedy album, Always a Bridesmaid, Never a Groom, the first comedy album by an out lesbian.[85]
  • Gilbert Baker raised the first Rainbow Flag at San Francisco Pride on June 25, 1978.
  • Elizabeth Ettorre completed the first Ph.D. on lesbians (The Sociology of lesbianism: female "deviance" and female sexuality) in the UK at the London School of Economics.
  • The San Francisco Lesbian/Gay Freedom Band was founded by Jon Reed Sims in 1978 as the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Marching Band and Twirling Corp. Upon its founding in 1978, it became the first openly gay musical group in the world.
  • San Francisco became the first city in America to have a recruitment drive for gay police officers, bringing in over 350 applications.[86]


  • Stephen Lachs – first openly gay judge appointed in the United States (Los Angeles County Superior Court)
  • The first National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights was held in Washington, D.C. on October 14, 1979.
  • The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence begins in San Francisco on the Saturday before Easter Sunday with three men in nuns' habits cadged from an Iowa City convent, becoming the first house of Sisters in a movement that now features over 50 houses in 12 countries, over 40 in North America.
  • The Radical Faeries began with the first gathering on the grounds of a Hindu ashram in the Arizona desert.
  • Esta Noche, a gay bar located at 3079 16th & Mission Street in San Francisco, was the first gay Latino bar in San Francisco, and first opened in 1979.
  • Grady Quinn and Randy Rohl became the first known gay couple to attend a high school prom when they attended the Lincoln High School prom in Sioux Falls, South Dakota on May 23, 1979.[87]

1970s (year unknown)[edit]

  • Angela Douglas founded TAO (Transsexual/Transvestite Action Organization), which published the Moonshadow and Mirage newsletters. TAO moved to Miami in 1972, where it came to include several Puerto Rican and Cuban members, and soon grew into the first international transgender community organization.









  • Becky Smith and Annie Afleck became the first openly lesbian couple in America granted legal, joint adoption of a child.[109]
  • Elsa, I Come with My Songs: The Autobiography of Elsa Gidlow is the first lesbian autobiography published where the author does not employ a pseudonym.


  • Barney Frank – first U.S. congressman to come out as gay of his own volition.
  • David Norris – first openly gay elected senator in the Republic of Ireland.
  • A group of 75 bisexuals marched in the 1987 March On Washington For Gay and Lesbian Rights, which was the first nationwide bisexual gathering. The article "The Bisexual Movement: Are We Visible Yet?", by Lani Ka'ahumanu, appeared in the official Civil Disobedience Handbook for the March. It was the first article about bisexuals and the emerging bisexual movement to be published in a national lesbian or gay publication.[110]


Wallace Swan, Minneapolis, Minnesota, became the first openly gay member of the United States Electoral College,[113]




  • Marcella Di Folco – world's first openly transgender person to be elected for an administrative role, as municipal Councillor in Bologna, Italy.[115]
  • Justin Fashanu – first professional footballer (soccer player) ever to identify himself publicly as gay (Swedish footballer Anton Hysén became the second in 2011).
  • The oldest national bisexuality organization in the United States, BiNet USA, was founded in 1990. It was originally called the North American Multicultural Bisexual Network (NAMBN), and had its first meeting at the first National Bisexual Conference in America.[116][116][117] This first conference was held in San Francisco in 1990, and sponsored by BiPOL. Over 450 people attended from 20 states and 5 countries, and the mayor of San Francisco sent a proclamation "commending the bisexual rights community for its leadership in the cause of social justice," and declaring June 23, 1990 Bisexual Pride Day.


  • Dale McCormick became the first open lesbian elected to a state Senate (she was elected to the Maine Senate).[118]
  • Sherry Harris was elected to the City Council in Seattle, Washington, making her the first openly lesbian African-American elected official.[119]
  • The first lesbian kiss on television occurred; it was on 'L.A. Law between the fictional characters of C.J. Lamb (played by Amanda Donohoe) and Abby (Michele Greene).[120]
  • The first Southern Comfort Conference was held. The Southern Comfort Conference is a major[121] transgender conference that takes place annually in Atlanta, Georgia.[122][123] It is the largest,[123] most famous, and pre-eminent such conference in the United States.[124]
  • The first officially recognized gay and lesbian hall of fame in the United States, the Chicago Gay and Lesbian Hall of Fame, was founded.


  • Althea Garrison was elected as the first transgender state legislator in America, and served one term in the Massachusetts House of Representatives; however, it was not publicly known she was transgender when she was elected.[125]
  • The first Dyke March (a march for lesbians and their straight female allies, planned by the Lesbian Avengers) was held in Washington, D.C., with 20,000 women marching.[126][127]
  • The Triangle Ball was held; it was the first inaugural ball in America to ever be held in honor of gays and lesbians.
  • Rand Hoch – Florida's first openly LGBT judge.[128]


  • Roberta Achtenberg became the first openly gay or lesbian person to be nominated by the president and confirmed by the U.S. Senate when she was appointed to the position of Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity by President Bill Clinton.[129]
  • Lea DeLaria was "the first openly gay comic to break the late-night talk-show barrier" with her 1993 appearance on The Arsenio Hall Show.[130]
  • In December 1993 Lea DeLaria hosted Comedy Central's Out There, the first all-gay stand-up comedy special.[130]



  • Georgina Beyer – world's first transgender mayor (Carterton District, New Zealand)
  • Rachel Maddow – first openly gay or lesbian American to win an international Rhodes scholarship.
  • Harvey Brownstone – first openly gay or lesbian judge appointed in Canada (Ontario Court of Justice)
  • Ian Roberts became the first high-profile Australian sports person and first rugby footballer in the world to come out to the public as gay.[133]
  • Maria Zoe Dunning became the first and only openly gay person allowed to remain on active duty in the U.S. military prior to the end of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy.
  • The International Bear Brotherhood Flag was designed in 1995 by Craig Byrnes. Bear is an affectionate gay slang term for those in the bear communities, a subculture in the gay male community with its own events, codes, and culture-specific identity.
  • Kings Cross Steelers, the world's first gay rugby club, was founded.[134]
  • Rabbi Margaret Wenig's essay "Truly Welcoming Lesbian and Gay Jews" was published in The Jewish Condition: Essays on Contemporary Judaism Honoring Rabbi Alexander M. Schindler; it was the first published argument to the Jewish community on behalf of civil marriage for gay couples.[135]


  • Michael Kirby – first openly gay judge of the High Court of Australia (appointed February 1996; named his male partner in his 1999 entry in "Who's Who in Australia")
  • Bob Brown – first openly gay member of the Parliament of Australia (elected March, his term started July)
  • South Africa – first country to explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in its constitution.
  • The first lesbian wedding on television occurred, held for fictional characters Carol (played by Jane Sibbett) and Susan (played by Jessica Hecht) on the TV show Friends.[136]
  • The first openly gay speaker at a Republican National Convention was Log Cabin Republicans member Steve Fong of California in 1996.[137]
  • Reverend Erin Swenson – first openly transgender mainstream (Presbyterian, USA) minister to have her ordination upheld after a gender transition from male to female.










  • Nicole LeFavour– first openly gay member of the Idaho Legislature, first as a Representative and then as a Senator.[174]
  • Bill Siksay – first openly gay Canadian elected to a first term as Member of Parliament
  • Felipe "Alejandra" González Pino – First transgender councilman in Chile (Lampa commune)[citation needed]
  • Oras Tynkkynen – first openly gay member of parliament in Finland. Initially appointed as a replacement for an MP who stepped down, was elected to his seat in 2007.
  • The first all-transgender performance of the 'Vagina Monologues was held. The monologues were read by eighteen notable transgender women, and a new monologue revolving around the experiences and struggles of transgender women was included.[175]
  • Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon became the first same-sex couple to be legally married in the United States,[176] when San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom allowed city hall to grant marriage licenses to same-sex couples.[177] However, all same-sex marriages done in 2004 in California were annulled.[178] After the California Supreme Court decision in 2008 that granted same-sex couples in California the right to marry, Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon remarried, and were again the first same-sex couple in the state to marry.[179][180] Later in 2008 Prop 8 illegalized same-sex marriage in California,[181] but the marriages that occurred between the California Supreme Court decision legalizing same-sex marriage and the approval of Prop 8 illegalizing it are still considered valid, including the marriage of Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon.[182] However, Del Martin died in 2008.[183]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in the state of Massachusetts, and Marcia Hams and Sue Shepard became the first same-sex couple to marry in Massachusetts.[184][185]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in part of Oregon, as after researching the issue and getting two legal opinions, the commissioners decided Oregon's Constitution would not allow them to discriminate against same-sex couples. The Chairwoman of the Board of Commissioners ordered the clerk to begin issuing marriage licenses.[186] Mary Li of Portland and her partner, 42-year-old Becky Kennedy, became the first same-sex couple to marry in Oregon.[187] However, later that year, Oregon voters passed a constitutional amendment defining marriage as involving one man and one woman.[188] The same-sex marriages from 2004 were ruled void by the Oregon Supreme Court.[189]
  • James McGreevey, then governor of New Jersey, came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay state governor in United States history.[190] He resigned soon after.[190]
  • Bisi Alimi became the first Nigerian to declare his homosexuality on television.[191]
  • Luna, by Julie Anne Peters, was the first young-adult novel with a transgender character to be released by a mainstream publisher.[192]
  • * The first Trans pride march was held in San Francisco in 2004.[193]


  • Same-sex marriage legalized in Canada
  • Bonnie Bleskachek became the first openly lesbian fire chief of a major metropolitan area in the United States (Minneapolis).
  • Liverpool Register Office became the UK's first to include a gay couple on the front cover of civil ceremony promotional material[194][195]
  • Transgender activist Pauline Park became the first openly transgender person chosen to be grand marshal of the New York City Pride March, the oldest and largest LGBT pride event in the United States.
  • The Simpsons became the first cartoon series to dedicate an entire episode to the topic of same-sex marriage.[196]
  • The first European Transgender Council Meeting was held in Vienna.[197]
  • Eli Cohen became the first openly gay man to be ordained a rabbi by the Jewish Renewal Movement.[198][199]
  • Andrew Goldstein was the first American male team-sport professional athlete to be openly gay during his playing career.[200] He came out publicly in 2003 and was drafted by his hometown team, the Boston Cannons of Major League Lacrosse, in 2005. Goldstein played goaltender for the Long Island Lizards from 2005 to 2007, appearing in two games in 2006.[201]


In 2006 Kim Coco Iwamoto became the first transgender official to win statewide office in Hawaii.
  • Chaya Gusfield and Rabbi Lori Klein, both ordained in America, became the first openly lesbian rabbis ordained by the Jewish Renewal movement.
  • In the United Kingdom, since 2006 the Pink Jack has been widely used to represent a unique British Gay and Lesbian identity.
  • In 2006 Kim Coco Iwamoto was elected as a member of the Hawaii Board of Education, making her at that time the highest ranking openly transgender elected official in the United States, as well as the first openly transgender official to win statewide office.[202]
  • Elliot Kukla, who came out as transgender six months before his ordination in 2006, was the first openly transgender person to be ordained by the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.[203]
  • Arizona became the first state to reject a ban on same-sex marriage (it would have banned domestic partnerships and civil unions too) although it did accept one in 2008.[204]
  • State Rep. Patricia Todd, D-Birmingham, became Alabama's first openly gay public official when she was elected in 2006.[205]


  • Jenny Bailey – the first openly transgender mayor in the United Kingdom.[206]
  • Theresa Sparks – first openly transgender police commissioner (San Francisco).[207] In 2003 Theresa Sparks had been the first openly transgender woman ever named "Woman of the Year" by the California State Assembly.[208]
  • Jalda Rebling, a German woman born in the Netherlands, became the first openly lesbian cantor ordained by the Jewish Renewal movement.[209]
  • From 2007 to 2008 actress Candis Cayne played Carmelita Rainer, a transgender woman having an affair with married New York Attorney General Patrick Darling (played by William Baldwin), on the ABC prime time drama Dirty Sexy Money.[210][211][212] The role made Cayne the first openly transgender actress to play a recurring transgender character in prime time.[210][211][212]
  • Joy Ladin became the first openly transgender professor at an Orthodox Jewish institution (Stern College for Women of Yeshiva University).[213][214]
  • On 29 November, the first foreign gay wedding was held in Hanoi, Vietnam between a Japanese and an Irish national. The wedding raised much attention in the gay and lesbian community in Vietnam.[215]
  • Amaranta Gómez Regalado (for México Posible) became the first transsexual person to appear in the Mexican Congress.
  • Ellen DeGeneres became the first open lesbian to host the Academy Awards.[216]
  • Ventura Place in Studio City was renamed Dr. Betty Berzon Place in her honor, making it the first street ever officially dedicated to a known lesbian in California.[217]


Rachel Maddow in August 2008


In 2009 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir became the Prime Minister of Iceland and thus became the first openly gay head of government in modern times.
  • Eva Brunne became the first lesbian bishop in the world and the first bishop of the Church of Sweden to be in a registered same-sex partnership.
  • Lesbian and Gay Band Association – first LGBT-represented contingent marching in a U.S. presidential inaugural parade. The parade on January 20 was in celebration of Barack Obama's incoming administration.
  • Jared Polis – first male U.S. congressperson to be openly gay when first elected to office
  • Jóhanna SigurðardóttirPrime Minister of Iceland, and the first openly homosexual head of government in modern times. (On an elected basis, in contrast to Per-Kristian Foss, who was briefly acting Prime Minister of Norway in 2002.)
  • Carol Ann Duffy – first openly lesbian or gay Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.[236]
  • Alejandro Freyre and José María di Bello – first same-sex marriage in Latin America.[237]
  • Gareth Thomas – first openly gay professional rugby player still playing the game.[238]
  • Annise Parker was elected as the first openly LGBT mayor of Houston, Texas and the first LGBT mayor of a U.S. city with a population over 1,000,000.[239]
  • Diego Sanchez became the first openly transgender person to work on Capitol Hill; he was hired as a legislative assistant for Barney Frank.[240] Sanchez was also the first transgender person on the Democratic National Committee's (DNC) Platform Committee in 2008.[241][242]
  • Barbra "Babs" Siperstein was nominated and confirmed as an at-large member of the Democratic National Committee, becoming its first openly transgender member.[243]
  • Kitzen and Jeni Branting married in the Coquille Indian tribe's Coos Bay plankhouse, a 3-year-old meeting hall built in traditional Coquille style with cedar plank walls. They were the first same-sex couple to have their marriage recognized by the tribe, of which Kitzen was a member.[244][245]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Iowa, and Shelley Wolfe and Melisa Keeton became the first lesbian couple (and the second same-sex couple) to marry in Iowa.[246][247]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Vermont,[248] and Claire Williams and Cori Giroux became one of the first same-sex couples to marry in Vermont (others including them married the moment same-sex marriage was legalized).
  • Guido Westerwelle became the first openly gay foreign minister and vice chancellor of Germany.
  • 'All My Children featured daytime TV's first lesbian wedding.[249]
  • Simone Bell became the first African-American lesbian elected to serve in a U.S. state legislature.[250]
  • In September 2009, Vandy Beth Glenn delivered the first United States Congress testimony (before the House of Representatives) from an openly transgender witness, urging passage of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act.[251][252]
  • In October 2009, LGBT activist Amy Andre[253] was appointed as executive director of the San Francisco Pride Celebration Committee, making her San Francisco Pride's first openly bisexual woman of color executive director.[254][255]
  • Dylan Orr became the first openly transgender presidential appointee in America, when he was appointed as special assistant in the Department of Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy.[256]
  • Orthodox Israeli rabbi Ron Yosef became in 2009 the first Israeli orthodox Rabbi to come out, which he did when appearing in Uvda ("Fact"), Israel's leading investigative television program, in an episode regarding conversion therapies in Israel.[257] Yosef remains in his position as a pulpit Rabbi.[258]
  • Siddur Sha'ar Zahav, the first complete prayer book to address the lives and needs of LGBTQ as well as straight Jews, was published. Publisher: J Levine Judaica & Sha'ar Zahav (2009); ISBN 0-982197-91-8; ISBN 978-0982197-91-2. Sha'ar Zahav is a progressive Reform synagogue in San Francisco.




  • Gregory Gandrud was unanimously elected as the first openly gay member of the California Republican Party Board of Directors[278]
  • Tony Briffa was elected to public office as mayor, the first openly intersex person to be so elected.[219][220][221][222]
  • The Suquamish tribe of Washington legalized same-sex marriage on August 1, 2011, following a unanimous vote by the Suquamish Tribal Council. At least one member of a same-sex couple has to be an enrolled member of the tribe to be able to marry in the jurisdiction.[279]
  • Dominic Hannigan and John Lyons – first openly gay members of Dáil Éireann.
  • In the 2011 Polish parliamentary election, Anna Grodzka is elected as the first transgender member of the Polish Sejm, and the first in European history,[280] and Robert Biedroń is elected as Poland's first openly gay male member of the Sejm.
  • Ruth Davidson – first openly gay leader of both a major British and Scottish political party
  • Elio Di Rupo – first openly gay Prime Minister of Belgium, second openly homosexual head of government in Europe.
  • Chaz Bono appeared on the 13th season of the US version of Dancing with the Stars in 2011. This was the first time an openly transgender man starred on a major network television show for something unrelated to being transgender.[281]
  • Harmony Santana became the first openly transgender actress to receive a major acting award nomination; she was nominated by the Independent Spirit Awards as Best Supporting Actress for the movie Gun Hill Road.[282]
  • Courtney Mitchell and Sarah Welton, both from Colorado, were married in Nepal's first public lesbian wedding ceremony, although the marriage was not legally recognized in Nepal.[283]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in New York state, and Kitty Lambert and Cheryle Rudd became the first same-sex couple to be married in New York state.[284][285]
  • Liverpool born Anton Hysén came out as Sweden's first openly gay male footballer and the second openly gay high-level footballer in the world, ever[286]
  • Liverpool, England recognises gay quarter with rainbow street signs[287]
  • Rachel Isaacs was the first openly lesbian rabbi ordained by the Conservative movement's Jewish Theological Seminary ("JTS"), which occurred in May 2011.[288]
  • Brenda Sue Fulton was named to the West Point Board of Visitors, making her the first openly gay member of the board that advises the Academy.[289]
  • Petty Officer 2nd Class Marissa Gaeta of California and Petty Officer 3rd Class Citlalic Snell of Los Angeles became the first same-sex couple chosen to share the first kiss upon a U.S. Navy ship's return.[290][291]
  • Brooke (last name withheld) was hired as the New York Fire Department's first openly transgender employee.[292]
  • Greg Meyer becomes the first openly queer individual to win one of America's National Debate Championships, the American Parliamentary Debate Association's National Championship.
  • Miss New York, Claire Buffie, became the first Miss America contestant to campaign for the Miss America title on a gay rights platform.[293]
  • Jaiyah "Johnny" Saelua became the first openly transgender international footballer to play in the World Cup when she took the field for American Samoa in Oceania's first round of World Cup qualifiers for Brazil 2014.[294]
  • A resolution submitted by South Africa requesting a study on discrimination and sexual orientation (A/HRC/17/L.9/Rev.1) passed, 23 to 19 with 3 abstentions, in the UN Human Rights Council on June 17, 2011.[295] This is the first time that any United Nations body approved a resolution affirming the rights of LGBT people.[296]
  • Fred Karger began his unsuccessful run for the 2012 Republican nomination for President, which made him America's first openly gay Republican presidential candidate.[297]
  • San Francisco’s Human Rights Commission released a report on bisexual visibility, titled "Bisexual Invisibility: Impacts and Regulations"; this was the first time any governmental body released such a report.[298]


In 2012 Kyrsten Sinema became the first openly bisexual person elected to the U.S. Congress.
  • Katie Ricks became the first open lesbian ordained by the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)[299]
  • Air Force Col. Ginger Wallace became the first known out member of the U.S. military to have their same-sex partner participate in the pinning ceremony tradition that had been reserved for spouses and family members. Her partner of 10 years, Kathy Knopf, pinned colonel wings on Wallace days after the two attended President Obama's State of The Union address as a guest of the First Lady.[300]
  • Navy Chief Elny McKinney and Anacelly McKinney became the first known same-sex couple to marry on a U.S. military base. They were wed at Naval Base Point Loma in San Diego.[301]
  • President Barack Obama became the first sitting U.S. president officially in favor of same-sex marriage.
  • Barney Frank became the first sitting member of Congress to be married to a same-sex spouse.
  • Sally Ride's obituary reveals that she had been in a 27-year sexual relationship with Tam O'Shaughnessy, making her the first and only known LGBT person to have served as an astronaut.
  • Liverpool was the first city in the world to officially mark IDAHO with a programme of free events.[302]
  • Ullet Road Unitarian Church, Liverpool, hosted the first UK civil partnership on religious premises.[303]
  • Liverpool Football Club became the first Premier League club to take a stand against homophobia and be officially represented at a UK 'Pride' event at Liverpool Pride.[304]
  • In 2012, at a ceremony in Arlington, Army Reserve officer Tammy Smith became the first openly gay, active duty general in American history. Smith was promoted to brigadier general at a private ceremony at the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery.[305]
  • Kylar Broadus, founder of the Trans People of Color Coalition of Columbia, Missouri, spoke to the U.S. Senate in favor of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act.[306][307] His speech was the first-ever U.S. Senate testimony from an openly transgender witness.[307]
  • The D.C. Office of Human Rights created America's first government-funded campaign to combat anti-transgender discrimination.[308]
  • Taiwan's first same-sex Buddhist wedding was held for Fish Huang and her partner You Ya-ting, with Buddhist master Shih Chao-hui presiding over the ritual.[309]
  • The first lesbian Super PAC, LPAC, was created to represent the interests of lesbians in the United States, and to campaign on LGBT and women's rights issues.[310][311][312][313]
  • Tammy Baldwin was elected as the first openly lesbian or gay U.S. Senator.[314]
  • Kyrsten Sinema was elected to the House of Representatives, becoming the first openly bisexual member of Congress in American history.[315][316] She represents Arizona's 9th Congressional district.[316]
  • Stacie Laughton became the first openly transgender person elected as a state legislator in United States history. She was elected to the New Hampshire state legislature.[317] In 1992 Althea Garrison had been elected as a state legislator, serving one term in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, but it was not publicly known she was transgender when she was elected.[125]
  • San Francisco voted to become the first U.S. city to provide and cover the cost of sex reassignment surgeries for uninsured transgender residents.[318]
  • Mark Pocan was elected in Wisconsin's 2nd Congressional District, becoming the first openly gay candidate who will follow an openly gay member of the U.S. Congress (in this case Tammy Baldwin).[319]
  • Sean Patrick Maloney became the first openly gay candidate elected to represent New York in Congress.[320]
  • Mark Takano became the first openly gay person of color to win election to the U.S. House. He was elected to represent California's 41st Congressional District.[319]
  • Josh Boschee was elected as North Dakota's first openly gay legislator.[321]
  • Stephen Skinner was elected as West Virginia's first openly gay state legislator.[322]
  • Jacob Candelaria was elected as New Mexico's first openly gay male state legislator.[323]
  • Brian Sims became Pennsylvania's first openly gay state legislator who was out when he was elected.[324]
  • After Brian Sims was elected but before he took office, Rep. Mike Fleck came out as gay, making him Pennsylvania's first openly gay state legislator.[325]
  • David Richardson was elected as Florida's first openly gay state legislator.[326]
  • Colorado Democrats elected Mark Ferrandino as the first openly gay House speaker in state history.[327]
  • Maine, Maryland, and Washington became the first states to pass same-sex marriage by popular vote.[328] Maine was the very first state to do so, followed by Maryland.[329]
  • The first same-sex marriage at the U.S. Military Academy was held for a young lieutenant and her partner (Ellen Schick and Shannon Simpson) at the Old Cadet Chapel in West Point's cemetery.[330][331]
  • Kate McKinnon' became Saturday Night Lives first openly lesbian cast member; Danitra Vance never disclosed her sexual orientation publicly, but was revealed to be a lesbian when she died.[332][333]
  • The first same-sex marriage at the U.S. Military Academy's Cadet Chapel at West Point (not to be confused with the Old Cadet Chapel) was held for Brenda Sue Fulton and Penelope Dara Gnesin.[330][334] Fulton was a veteran and the communications director of an organization called Outserve, which represents actively serving gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender military personnel.[334]
  • The first same-sex couple became engaged in the White House (Ben Schock and Matthew Phelps).[335]
  • The Right Reverend Doctor Gary Paterson – Elected Moderator of the United Church of Canada, becoming the first openly gay leader of a major Christian denomination in August 2012.[336]
  • City Councilmember Marlene Pray joined the Doylestown, Pennsylvania council in 2012, though she resigned in 2013; she was the first openly bisexual office holder in Pennsylvania.[337][338]
  • On 28 June 2012 Diana King declared "Yes I am a Lesbian" to her fans from her official Facebook page, thus becoming the first Jamaican artist to ever publicly come out.[339][340]
  • California became the first state to sign a ban on therapy that claims to convert gay people into heterosexual. The California law, enacted in 2012, is as of 2013 held up in federal courts on first amendment grounds.[341][342]
  • Orlando Cruz became the world's first professional boxer to come out as gay.[343]
  • On September 18, 2012, Berkeley, California became what is thought to be the first city in the U.S. to officially proclaim a day recognizing bisexuals.[344] The Berkeley City Council unanimously and without discussion declared Sept. 23 as Bisexual Pride and Bi Visibility Day.[345]
  • Emily Aviva Kapor, an American rabbi who had been ordained privately by a rabbi she defined as "Conservadox" in 2005, began living as a woman in 2012, thus becoming the first openly transgender female rabbi.[346]
  • Rainbow Jews, an oral history project showcasing the lives of Jewish bisexual, lesbian, gay, and transgender people in the United Kingdom from the 1950s until the present, was launched.[347] It is the United Kingdom's first archive of Jewish bisexual, lesbian, gay, and transgender history.[348]
  • In November 2012, the Southern Poverty Law Center filed a lawsuit against JONAH (a Jewish ex-gay organization), Goldberg, and Downing on behalf of Unger, Levin, two other participants, and two of the participants' mothers for fraudulent practices which are illegal under New Jersey's consumer protection laws.[349] The Southern Poverty Law Center noted that the lawsuit is "groundbreaking" insofar as it is the first time a conversion therapy provider has been sued for fraudulent business practices.[350]
  • ParaNorman, released in 2012, had the first openly gay character in a mainstream animated film.[351][352]
  • In 2012, the Bisexuality Report, the first report of its kind in the United Kingdom, was issued.[353] This report, led by Meg Barker (Senior Lecturer in Psychology, OU), Rebecca Jones (Lecturer, Health & Social Care, OU), Christina Richards, and Helen Bowes-Catton and Tracey Plowman (of BiUK) summarizes national and international evidence and brings out recommendations for bisexual inclusion in the future.[353]
  • Luma Nogueira de Andrade receives a doctorate degree from the Faculty of Education at the Federal University of Ceará, becoming the first transgender individual to receive a doctorate degree in Brazil.[354]
  • Adam Lambert's Trespassing is the first album from an openly gay male artist to top the Billboard 200 charts.[355]


  • Xavier Bettel – first openly gay Prime Minister of Luxembourg, third openly homosexual head of government in Europe.
  • Etienne Schneider, first openly gay Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg, assumes office 4 December.
  • Luxembourg becomes the first country in the world to have an openly gay Prime Minister Xavier Bettel and an openly gay Deputy Prime Minister Etienne Schneider.[356]
  • Barack Obama mentioned the word "gay" and the issue of gay rights for the first time in a speech at the U.S. presidential swearing in; specifically, he did so in his inaugural address.[357]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Minnesota and Rhode Island, and by the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation in the state of Washington, the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, and the Santa Ysabel Tribe.[358][359][360][361][362][363]
  • Kathleen Wynne became the first openly LGBT premier of a Canadian province, namely Ontario, after defeating Sandra Pupatello in the third round of voting of the Ontario Liberal party's leadership race on January 26, 2013. Sworn in on February 11, 2013, she is the party's first openly LGBT leader and Ontario's first female premier.[citation needed]
  • Robbie Rogers announced he was gay on February 15, 2013, becoming the only male fully capped international association footballer to do so.
  • Chris Anderson of Chattanooga, Tennessee, became the first openly gay elected official to win a contested election in Tennessee.[364][365][366]
  • Jason Collins on April 29, 2013, became the first active male professional athlete in a major North American team sport to publicly come out as gay.
  • Rep. Mark Pocan's spouse Philip Frank became the first same-sex spouse of a federal lawmaker to officially receive a House spouse ID.[367][368] In 2009, Marlon Reis, the spouse of Rep. Jared Polis (D-Colo.), was issued a congressional spouse ID, but later card services told him that he had been given the designation accidentally.[368]
  • Autumn Sandeen, a U.S. veteran and transgender woman, received a letter from a Navy official stating, "Per your request the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System (DEERS) has been updated to show your gender as female effective April 12th, 2013." Allyson Robinson of Outserve declared, "To our knowledge, this is the first time that the Department of Defense has recognized and affirmed a change of gender for anyone affiliated, in a uniformed capacity—in this case a military retiree."[369]
  • For the first time, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs decided to allow the same-sex spouse of a military veteran to be buried in a U.S. national cemetery. VA Secretary Eric Shinseki gave permission for retired Air Force officer Linda Campbell, 66, to bury the ashes of her same-sex spouse Nancy Lynchild at Williamette National Cemetery in Oregon.[370]
  • The first same-sex kiss ever on a Eurovision stage occurred at the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest when Krista Siegfrids, who sang "Marry Me", ended her semi-final performance by kissing one of her female dancers.[371]
  • ABC News National Assignment Editor Dawn Ennis came out as the first transgender woman in U.S. TV network news.[372][373] Three months later, she suffered a seizure and, as a result, amnesia. In her confused state, she temporarily detransitioned and resumed presenting as a male, which resulted in a spate of negative tabloid headlines.[374] Ennis recovered her memories within a few weeks and privately resumed her transgender identity, on a part-time basis.[375] The following year, shortly after publicly resuming her transition, she left ABC News and more headlines heralded her departure.[376][377] And in April 2015, after seven months as a freelance media correspondent, Ennis was hired by The Advocate[378] as News Editor, and their first transgender staff member.[379]
  • Dr. Saul Levin was named on May 15, 2013 as the new chief executive officer and medical director of the American Psychiatric Association, making him the first known openly gay person to head the APA.[380]
  • Ukraine had its first gay pride march, which was held in Kiev.[381]
  • Robbie Rogers joined the Los Angeles Galaxy, making him the first openly gay male athlete to compete in Major League Soccer.[382]
  • Rehana Kausar and Sobia Kamar, both from Pakistan, became the first Muslim lesbian couple to get married in a civil ceremony in the United Kingdom.[383]
  • Fallon Fox came out as transgender, thus becoming the first openly transgender athlete in MMA history.[384]
  • Jallen Messersmith of Benedictine College in Atchison, Kan., came out and is believed to be the first openly gay player in U.S. men's college basketball.[385]
  • Guy Erwin became the first openly gay bishop to be elected to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA); he was elected to the Southwest California Synod of the ELCA.[386]
  • France legalized same-sex marriage and adoption, and Vincent Autin and Bruno Boileau became the first couple to have a legal same-sex marriage under the new law.[387]
  • Major General Patricia "Trish" Rose became the first openly lesbian two-star general in the U.S. Air Force, and the highest ranking openly gay officer in the entire U.S. military at the time.[388]
  • The Bi Writers Association, which promotes bisexual writers, books, and writing, announced the winners of its first Bisexual Book Awards.[389] An awards ceremony was held at the Nuyorican Poets Café.[389]
  • Kristin Beck, formerly Chris Beck, came out as the first openly transgender retired Navy SEAL.[390]
  • The U.S. Senate confirmed Nitza I. Quiñones Alejandro to a federal judgeship, making her the first openly gay Latina to hold such a post.[391]
  • Cason Crane became the first openly gay man to summit Mount Everest.[392]
  • U.S. Air Force Under Secretary Eric Fanning took over as acting secretary of the U.S. Air Force, becoming the highest ranking openly LGBT official at the Department of Defense; he is openly gay.[393]
  • The Directors Guild of America elected Paris Barclay as its first black and first openly gay president.[394]
  • Julian Marsh and Traian Povov become the first married gay couple to have a green card application approved, in this case for Julian Marsh.[395]
  • A married lesbian couple in Colorado became the first to receive a marriage-based green card, making Cathy Davis the first same-sex spouse to become a lawful permanent resident of the United States.[396]
  • Kristin Perry and Sandra Stier became the first same-sex couple to be married in California since Proposition 8 was overturned.[397]
  • Daniel Kawczynski, MP for Shrewsbury and Parliamentary Private Secretary to Welsh Secretary David Jones, became the first MP in Britain to come out as bisexual.[398]
  • Maureen Le Marinel became the first openly lesbian union president elected in Britain.[399] She was elected to the presidency of Unison, one of Britain's largest trade unions.[399]
  • "Same Love", a hit single from Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, became the first Top 40 song in the U.S. to promote and celebrate same-sex marriage.[400]
  • For the first time, the California Department of Education's list of recommended books for grades Pre-K-through-12 included a book with a transgender theme, I Am J by Cris Beam.[401]
  • The first UFC match between two openly gay fighters, Liz Carmouche and Jessica Andrade, was held.[402]
  • Benjamin Medrano was elected as the first openly gay mayor in Mexico's history, being elected mayor of the township of Fresnillo.[403]
  • Although same-sex marriage is illegal in Pennsylvania as of July 2013, in that month Loreen Bloodgood married Alicia Terrizzi, making them the first same-sex couple to marry in Pennsylvania; the Montgomery County register of wills, D. Bruce Hanes, had said that his office would issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.[404][405]
  • Although same-sex marriage is illegal in Pennsylvania as of August 2013, in that month Mayor John Fetterman officiated the first same-sex marriage in Allegheny County, between John Kandray and Bill Gray.[406]
  • California enacted America's first law protecting transgender students; the law, called the School Success and Opportunity Act, declares that every public school student in California from kindergarten to 12th grade must be "permitted to participate in sex-segregated school programs and activities, including athletic teams and competitions, and use facilities consistent with his or her gender identity, irrespective of the gender listed on the pupil's records."[407]
  • Darren Young (real name: Fred Rosser) became the first active professional wrestler to come out as gay.[408]
  • Master Sgt. Angela Shunk and her wife, Tech. Sgt. Stacey Shunk, became the first same-sex couple to receive an assignment together under the U.S. Air Force's Join Spouse program.[409]
  • Jennifer Pritzker came out as transgender in 2013 and thus became the world's first openly transgender billionaire.[410]
  • On Celebrate Bisexuality Day, the White House held a closed-door meeting with almost 30 bisexual advocates so they could meet with government officials and discuss issues of specific importance to the bisexual community; this was the first bi-specific event ever hosted by any White House.[411][412]
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg became the first member of the U.S. Supreme Court to officiate a same-sex wedding.[413]
  • Movie director Kim Jho Gwang-soo and his partner Kim Seung-hwan became the first South Korean gay couple to publicly wed, although it was not a legally recognized marriage.[414]
  • Harvey Milk was chosen as the first openly LGBT political official to be featured on an American postage stamp.[415]
  • Carol McCrory and Brenda Clark became the first same-sex couple to have their marriage application accepted by Buncombe County Register of Deeds Drew Resigner, which makes them the first same-sex couple to have their marriage application accepted in the South.[416]
  • Andy Herren became the first openly gay winner of the Big Brother reality show.[417]
  • The first gay pride parade in Montenegro was held.[418]
  • The first gay pride week in Curacao was held.[419]
  • The first Indo-American lesbian wedding was held.[420] It was held in Los Angeles.[421]
  • The first televised Romanian same-sex wedding was held.[422] It was between two men, and was done on the reality show Four Weddings and a Challenge.[422]
  • The Portland Trail Blazers became the first NBA team to support same-sex marriage.[423][424]
  • Todd M. Hughes became the first openly gay U.S. circuit judge.[425]
  • The first United Nations ministerial meeting on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals was held.[426] Representatives from the US, France, Argentina, Brazil, Croatia, the Netherlands, Norway, Japan, New Zealand and the EU, along with executive directors of Human Rights Watch and the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, reaffirmed their commitments to working together to end discrimination and violence towards the LGBT community.[426] UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay delivered remarks [press release] commending the LGBT community and praising the fact that, "many countries have embarked on historic reforms—strengthening anti-discrimination laws, combating hate crime against LGBT people and sensitizing public opinion."[426]
  • New Jersey held its first legal same-sex marriages.[427]
  • Rabbi Deborah Waxman was elected as the President of the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College.[428][429] As the President, she is believed to be the first woman and first lesbian to lead a Jewish congregational union, and the first female rabbi and first lesbian to lead a Jewish seminary; RRC is both a congregational union and a seminary.[428][430]
  • A six-year-old girl named Luana, who was born a boy, became the first transgender child in Argentina to have her new name officially changed on her identity documents.[431] She is believed to be the youngest to benefit from the country's new Gender Identity Law, which was approved in May 2012.[431]
  • Q Radio, which went on the airwaves in September, claims to be India's first radio station which caters to the country's lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender people.[432]
  • Jennifer Finney Boylan was chosen as the first openly transgender co-chair of GLAAD's National Board of Directors.[433]
  • On 31 October 2013, Paris Lees became the first openly transgender panellist to appear on the BBC's Question Time programme, drawing praise from commentators who included former Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott and the Labour Party deputy leader Harriet Harman.[434]
  • Stephen Alexander, of Rhode Island, became the first high school coach to come out publicly as transgender.[435]
  • Nikki Sinclaire came out as transgender, thus becoming the UK's first openly transgender Parliamentarian.[436]
  • San Francisco's first Project Homeless Connect for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people was held.[437]
  • Kevin Rudd becomes the first Prime Minister of Australia to openly support same-sex marriage.
  • Lucy Vallender converted to Islam, thus becoming the United Kingdom's first openly transgender Muslim woman.[438]
  • Mark C. Goldman became the first openly gay president of the American Conference of Cantors, a Reform Jewish organization.[439]
  • Ben Barres became the first openly transgender scientist in the US National Academy of Sciences in 2013.[440]
  • On November 1 Audrey Gauthier was elected president of CUPE 4041, representing Air Transat flight attendants based in Montreal.[441] She thus became the first openly transgender person elected president of a union local in Canada.[441]
  • BiLaw, the first American national organization of bisexual lawyers, law professors, law students, and their allies, was founded.[442][443]
  • On December 9, Luma Nogueira de Andrade, the first transgender individual to receive a doctorate degree in Brazil, is inducted as a professor at the University for International Integration of the Afro-Brazilian Lusophony, becoming the first transgender university professor in Brazil.[354]


In 2014 Carlos Bruce became the first openly gay member of Congress in Peru.
  • Days of Our Lives characters Will Horton and Sonny Kiriakis become the first gay male couple to get married on U.S. daytime television.
  • The first same-sex marriage at the Rose Parade was held, for Aubrey Loots and Danny LeClair.[444]
  • The marriage of Giuseppe Chigiotti and Stefano Bucci became the first overseas same-sex marriage to be legally recognized in Italy; the two were married in New York in 2012.[445]
  • Neil Patrick Harris became the first openly gay man to be named as The Hasty Pudding Theatricals Man of the Year.[446]
  • Berlin, Germany unveiled the world's first cemetery for lesbians.[447]
  • Umma Azul was the first child of a lesbian couple to be baptized by the Catholic Church in Argentina.[448]
  • Conner Mertens, Willamette University's kicker, became the first active college football player to come out as LGBT; he came out as bisexual.[449]
  • Meghan Stabler became the first openly transgender woman to be named Working Mother magazine's Working Mother of the Year.[450] In 2019 Meghan became the first transgender member of Planned Parenthood’s National Board of Directors. The Advocate editors named Meghan as one of The Advocate magazine's 2019 Champions of Pride.
  • 'Good Luck Charlie on The Disney Channel became the first TV show on a child-targeting network to feature a same-sex couple (the characters' names were Susan and Cheryl).[451]
  • Starkville became the first city in Mississippi to pass a resolution supporting the LGBT community; the resolution states that the city does not condone discrimination of any kind, including any against its citizens for their sexual orientation or gender identity.[452]
  • The FTM Fitness Conference hosted the first bodybuilding competition for transgender men, the FTM Fitness World Bodybuilding Competition.[453]
  • The Bisexual Resource Center, based in Boston, Massachusetts, declared March 2014 as the first Bisexual Health Awareness Month, with the theme "Bi the Way, Our Health Matters Too!"; it included the first social media campaign to address disparities in physical and mental health facing the bisexual community.[454]
  • Queen Elizabeth II praised the London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard for their 40-year history making it the first time the Crown has ever publicly supported the LGBT community. They received a comment from the Queen saying: "Best wishes and congratulations to all concerned on this most special anniversary."[455]
  • Toni Atkins was elected as the first openly lesbian speaker of the California Assembly.[456]
  • Judith Levy was confirmed by the Senate as the first openly lesbian federal judge in Michigan.[457]
  • Gypsy Vered Meltzer was elected to the City Council in Appleton; as such he became the first openly transgender elected official in Wisconsin.[458]
  • Anna Guillot and Chrissy Kelly, who were married in New York in 2012, became the first same-sex couple in Mississippi to create a public record of their marriage, which they did by paying to record their marriage license from New York at the Rankin County Chancery Clerk's Office in Brandon, Mississippi.[459] However, this did not give their marriage legal standing in Mississippi.[459]
  • Emilia Maria Jesty, daughter of a lesbian couple, was the first child born in Tennessee to have a woman listed on the birth certificate as her "father."[460]
  • UMass basketball player Derrick Gordon came out, thus becoming the first openly gay player in Division I college men's basketball.[461]
  • The Revd. Canon Jeremy Pemberton married Laurence Cunnington on 12 April, and thus Pemberton became the first priest in the Church of England to defy the Church's ban on gay clergy marrying.[462]
  • Michael Sam was drafted by the St. Louis Rams and thus became the first openly gay player to be drafted into the National Football League.[463]
  • The world's first homoerotic stamps were produced in Finland, celebrating one of the country's most famous artists—Tom of Finland. Art critic Estelle Lovatt says "the stamps are a 'great statement' given that the country bans gay marriage".[464]
  • In March 2014, same-sex marriage was legalized in Michigan, and Glenna DeJong and Marsha Caspar became the first same-sex couple married in Michigan; however, later that year the overturning of Michigan's ban on same-sex marriage was indefinitely stayed.[465][466]
  • In May 2014, same-sex marriage was legalized in Arkansas, and Kristin Seaton and Jennifer Rambo became the first same-sex couple married in Arkansas: later that year, same-sex marriage in Arkansas was suspended by the Arkansas Supreme Court.[467][468]
  • In May 2014, same-sex marriage was legalized in Oregon, and Deanna Geiger and Janine Nelson became the first same-sex couple to marry in Oregon.[469]
  • The U.S. Naval Academy Chapel's first-ever same-sex wedding was held for David Bucher, a 49-year-old Academy graduate who works at the Pentagon, and partner Bruce Moats.[470]
  • Costa Rica flew the gay pride flag at their presidential palace; the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission said the organization believed it was the first time the gay pride flag had been flown from the offices of a head of state in the Americas.[471]
  • The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs agreed to give survivor benefits to the first-known same-sex war widow, Tracy Dice Johnson, whose wife Donna Johnson died in a suicide bombing attack in 2012.[472]
  • Laverne Cox was on the cover of the June 9, 2014 issue of Time, and was interviewed for the article "The Transgender Tipping Point" by Katy Steinmetz, which ran in that issue and the title of which was also featured on the cover; this makes Cox the first openly transgender person on the cover of Time.[473][474][475]
  • Both lesbian parents were listed on their children's birth certificates in Australia, which is the first time an Australian birth certificate indicates that both members of a same-sex couple were the legal parents of a child at birth.[476]
  • Best Bi Short Stories, the first book of its type, was published; it was edited by Sheela Lambert, who contributed the story "Memory Lane".[477]
  • Cyprus' first ever gay pride parade draws several thousands of participants.[478]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Pennsylvania.[479]
  • Carlos Bruce came out and thus became the first openly gay member of Congress in Peru.[480]
  • Same-sex marriage was legalized in Wisconsin, but later that year same-sex marriages in Wisconsin were put on hold while the ruling striking down the state's ban on such unions was appealed.[481][482]
  • Idaho's same-sex marriage ban was declared unconstitutional, but another court stayed the ruling.[483][484]
  • The United Church of Christ filed a lawsuit challenging North Carolina's ban on same-sex marriage, which is America's first faith-based challenge to same-sex marriage bans; the Central Conference of American Rabbis and the Alliance of Baptists joined the lawsuit later that year.[485][486]
  • Lynne Brown was appointed as the first openly gay cabinet minister in South Africa, which also makes her the first openly gay person to be appointed to a cabinet post in any African government.[487][488][488]
  • Zakhele Mbhele became the first openly gay person to serve in South Africa's parliament, which also makes him the first openly gay black member of parliament in any African nation.[489]
  • Maite Oronoz Rodríguez became the first openly gay person to be nominated for a seat on Puerto Rico's Supreme Court and was confirmed for the seat later that year.[490][491]
  • Darrin P. Gayles became the first openly gay African-American man to be confirmed as a U.S federal judge.[492]
  • The book Bisexuality: Making the Invisible Visible in Faith Communities, the first book of its kind, was published.[493] It is by Marie Alford-Harkey and Debra W. Haffner.[493]
  • Transgender Studies Quarterly, the first non-medical academic journal devoted to transgender issues, began publication in 2014, with Susan Stryker and Paisley Currah as coeditors.[494]
  • Petra De Sutter became the first openly transgender person to serve in Belgium's Parliament, specifically its Senate.[495]
  • Britain's first Jewish lesbian marriage was held for Nicola Pettit, who is Jewish, and her girlfriend Tania Ward, in a ceremony which contained Jewish elements.[496] They married in Brighton Town Hall, in southern England, and then had their union blessed by a rabbi.[496] It was the first same-sex wedding involving a Jew since the same-sex marriage Act came into force.[496]
  • Toni Atkins served as acting governor of California for a day after Governor Jerry Brown left for a trade mission to Mexico, Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom flew to the east coast for a Special Olympics appearance, and Senate President Pro Tempore Darrell Steinberg was in Chicago for personal business.[497] She thus became California's first openly gay governor on that day.[497]
  • Laverne Cox became the first openly transgender person to be nominated for an Emmy in an acting category: Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her role as Sophia Burset in Orange Is the New Black.[498][499][500]
  • Yein Kai Yee and Sutpreedee Chinithigun, both British citizens, were married at the British Embassy in Vietnam, thus becoming the first same-sex British couple to marry in Vietnam.[501]
  • The Transgender Trends panel was the first panel on that subject ever held at San Diego Comic-Con.[502]
  • Gordon Stevenson and Peter Fraser, a dual Australian/British citizen, were the first to be married in Australia under British same-sex marriage laws; they were married at the British consulate in Sydney, Australia.[503]
  • The first Jewish boat participated in the Amsterdam Pride Canal Parade.[504] Dana International was on the boat, as well as the Fokkens twins (Louise Fokkens and Martine Fokkens), who are famous in the Netherlands for having worked 50 years as sex workers in Amsterdam's Red Light District before their retirement earlier in 2014.[505] Marianne van Praag, a Reform rabbi from The Hague, was the only rabbi aboard.[505][506]
  • The first Moroccan boat participated in the Amsterdam Pride Canal Parade.[507]
  • Cosmopolitan magazine, a women's magazine, offered sex advice to lesbians for the first time in its history.[508]
  • Pascal Tessier, a 17-year-old from Chevy Chase, Md., became the first known openly gay Boy Scout to be an Eagle Scout.[509]
  • The 100 block of Turk Street was renamed Vicki MarLane after trans activist Vicki Marlane; this was the first time in San Francisco history for a street to be named after a transgender icon.[510]
  • The United Church of Christ was the first religious denomination to be a major sponsor of the Gay Games, as a fourth-tier silver sponsor of Gay Games 9.[511]
  • The Cleveland Foundation was the first presenting sponsor in the history of the Gay Games.[512]
  • Edward Sarafin, a backup offensive lineman at Arizona State, became the first active Division I football player to come out as gay.[513]
  • Brie Konrad, formerly Robert Konrad, became the first-known transgender teacher in a southern US state to transition openly on the job.[514]
  • Florida-based bank C1 Financial became the first publicly listed bank in the United States to have an openly gay CEO (Trevor Burgess) when its stock became available to trade in August 2014.[515]
  • The San Francisco Police academy graduated its first publicly reported transgender police officer, Mikayla Connell.[516]
  • Chris Mosier became the first openly transgender man inducted into the National Gay and Lesbian Sports Hall of Fame.[517][518]
  • BBC2 commissioned Britain's first transgender sitcom, called Boy Meets Girl, which follows the developing relationship between Leo, a 26-year-old man and Judy, a 40-year-old transgender woman.[519]
  • Maria Walsh came out as gay after being crowned the Rose of Tralee, thus becoming the first openly gay Rose of Tralee.[520]
  • Mills College became the first single-sex college in the U.S. to adopt a policy explicitly welcoming transgender students.[521]
  • Mauricio Ruiz became the first serving member of the Chilean armed forces to announce he was gay.[522]
  • Canadian-based writer and illustrator Eiynah wrote Pakistan's first anti-homophobia children's book, "My Chacha Is Gay"; she first wrote it online and had it released in print in 2014.[523]
  • Hong Kong held its first international symposium on LGBTI rights.[524]
  • For the first time in Italian history, a court granted permission for the adoption of a child living with a gay couple. The child was the biological daughter of one of the women in the couple, and her partner was allowed to legally become her co-parent through adoption. The couple had been living together in Rome since 2003, and the decision was taken by Rome's Juvenile Court.[525]
  • The memorial honoring LGBT people persecuted by the Nazis in Tel Aviv, the first specific recognition in Israel for non-Jewish victims of the Holocaust, was unveiled in 2014.[526]
  • The 5th European Transgender Council Meeting was held in Budapest, Hungary – the first such conference to take place in Central and Eastern Europe.[527]
  • Mount Holyoke College became the first Seven Sisters college to accept transgender students.[528]
  • Mikie Goldstein became the first openly gay man to be ordained as a Conservative Jewish Rabbi.[529] Later that year he became the Israeli Conservative movement's first openly gay congregational rabbi with his installation as spiritual leader of its synagogue in Rehovot (Congregation Adat Shalom-Emanuel).[530]
  • Monica Wehby aired the first campaign ad for American national office featuring a same-sex couple (Ben West and Paul Rummell).[531]
  • Kinnon MacKinnon became the first openly transgender man to earn a gold in powerlifting at the Gay Games in the 2014 Games.[532]
  • ICEIS Rain became the first openly two-spirit person to perform at the Aboriginal Peoples Choice Music Awards.[533]
  • Jim Ferlo came out as gay, thus becoming the Pennsylvania Senate's first openly gay legislator.[534]
  • Padmini Prakash became India's first openly transgender television news anchor.[535]
  • The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission filed two lawsuits against companies accused of discriminating against employees on the basis of gender identity; these lawsuits were the first Title VII action taken by the federal government on behalf of transgender workers.[536] The lawsuits were filed for Amiee Stephens and Brandi Branson, both transgender women.[537]
  • The UN Human Rights Council adopted a second resolution related to sexual orientation and gender identity on September 26, 2014.[538][539] It passed by a vote of 25–14 and is the first time in the Council's history that it adopted a resolution on LGBT rights with the majority of its members.[538][539]
  • In 2014 California became the first state in the U.S. to officially ban the use of trans panic and gay panic defenses in murder trials.[540]
  • In 2014 Virginia becomes the first state in the Southeastern United States to legalize Same-Sex Marriage.
  • Luisa Revilla Urcia became the first openly transgender person elected to a public office in Peru when she won a seat on the local council in La Esperanza in the province of Trujillo in northwestern Peru.[541]
  • In 2014 Laura Davis Danforth became the first openly LGBTQ person to be appointed Head of School at a boarding school in North America. She and her wife, Paula Chu, will be the first same-sex couple living in a head's house at a boarding school when they officially join the Masters School (NY) community in 2015.
  • The Arizona Interscholastic Association Executive Board approved the first transgender student-athlete to play in a winter sport in Arizona.[542]
  • Family Circle featured a same-sex couple for the first time in its November 2014 issue.[543]
  • Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple Inc., came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay CEO on the Fortune 500 list.[544]
  • Professional strongman Rob Kearney came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay man actively competing in professional, international strongman competitions.[545]
  • Maura Healey became the first openly gay state attorney general elected in America (she was elected attorney general of Massachusetts.)[546][547]
  • Susan Collins won reelection, thus becoming the first Republican senator to be reelected while supporting same-sex marriage.[548]
  • Lea T became the face of American hair-care brand Redken, thus making her the first openly transgender model to front a global cosmetics brand.[549][550][551]
  • Edgars Rinkēvičs became the first lawmaker in Latvia to announce he is gay, which also makes him the most prominent openly gay politician in a former Soviet Bloc state.[552]
  • A national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention campaign featured an openly transgender person, Jennifer Barge, as its spokesperson for the first time.[553]
  • Aditi Hardikar became the first woman of color to serve the White House as their liaison to the LGBT community.[554]
  • A contingent of the group OutVets became the first LGBT organization in history to march in Boston's Veterans Day parade.[555]
  • At least 1,000 transgender Bangladeshis held Bangladesh's first pride march, to mark one year since the government recognized them as a third gender.[556]
  • Derrick Gordon became the first openly gay athlete to play a game in Division I men's basketball.[557]
  • Dale Scott came out as gay in 2014, thus becoming the first openly gay umpire in Major League Baseball.[558]
  • Poland elected its first openly gay city mayor (Robert Biedroń, elected mayor of Słupsk.)
  • Matthew Muir was sworn in as the first openly gay judge to sit on New Zealand's High Court bench.[559]
  • The Labor government in Victoria, Australia appointed Martin Foley as Minister of equality, marking the first time an Australian government has ever had a dedicated Minister overseeing gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex issues.[560]
  • In 2014, Robbie Rogers became the first openly gay male athlete to win a big-time team pro sports title in the United States when the LA Galaxy won the Major League Soccer Cup.[561]
  • Andrew Barr became the first openly gay state government leader in Australia after he was sworn in as chief minister of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).[562]
  • Nehirim's first retreat for LGBT rabbis, rabbinic pastors, cantors, and students was held.[563][564]
  • Craig Friesen and Matt Wiens became the first same-sex couple who were members of the Canadian Mennonite Church to have a wedding in their church.[565][566]
  • Los Tigres del Norte released the album Realidades, which contains the song "Era Diferente" (meaning "She Was Different") about a lesbian teenager who falls in love with her best friend; according to lead singer and songwriter Jorge Hernandez, this is the first time a norteño group has ever written a gay love song.[567][568]
  • Denmark became the first European country to remove the Gender Identity Disorder diagnosis as a necessary requirement in the gender recognition process.[569]
  • In April 2014, Malta became the first European state to add recognition of gender identity to its constitution as a protected category.[570]
  • The first openly transgender woman got married in Malta.[571][572]
  • Blake Brockington became the first openly transgender high school homecoming king in North Carolina.[573]
  • Nina Chaubal and Greta Gustava Martela cofounded Trans Lifeline, the first U.S. suicide hotline dedicated to transgender people.[574][575]
  • Tona Brown became the first African-American openly transgender woman to perform at Carnegie Hall.[576]
  • Bao Nguyen was elected mayor of Garden Grove, making him the first gay mayor of Garden Grove, as well as its youngest, and its first Vietnamese mayor.
  • Grace Banu was the first transgender Dalit person to be admitted to an engineering college in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.[577]


  • Laverne Cox won a Daytime Emmy Award in Outstanding Special Class Special as Executive Producer for Laverne Cox Presents: The T Word.[578][579] This made her the first openly transgender woman to win a Daytime Emmy as an Executive Producer; as well, The T Word is the first trans documentary to win a Daytime Emmy.[578]
  • Bethany Black became the first openly transgender actress to feature in a leading transgender role on British television in the Channel 4 drama series Cucumber and its companion series Banana.
  • Atifulla Khan became Bangalore's first openly transgender cover girl for the June edition of the news magazine tehelka.[580] The story was covered by CNN news in India.
  • Naaz Joshi became India's first openly transgender cover girl for the June edition of the news magazine tehelka.[581] The story was covered by CNN news in India.
  • Madhu Kinnar became India's first openly transgender person to be elected mayor; she was elected mayor of Chhattisgarh's Raigarh Municipal Corporation.[582]
  • Leo Varadkar became Ireland's first openly gay government minister.[583]
  • President Barack Obama became the first president to use the words "lesbian," "bisexual", and "transgender" in a State of the Union speech.[584]
  • Zoey Tur joined INSIDE EDITION as a Special Correspondent during February, thus becoming the first openly transgender television reporter on national TV in America.[585][586]
  • Lance Bass and Michael Turchin became the first same-sex couple to exchange vows on cable television.[587]
  • Thomas Sawicki and his boyfriend Shawn Brier became the first male same-sex couple chosen to share the first kiss upon a U.S. Navy ship's return.[588]
  • Neil Patrick Harris became the first openly gay man to host the Academy Awards.[589]
  • On February 12, 2015, USA Today reported that the commandant of Fort Leavenworth wrote in a February 5 memo, "After carefully considering the recommendation that (hormone treatment) is medically appropriate and necessary, and weighing all associated safety and security risks presented, I approve adding (hormone treatment) to Inmate [Chelsea] Manning's treatment plan." According to USA Today, Chelsea Manning remains a soldier, and the decision to administer hormone therapy is a first for the U.S. Army.[590]
  • Kate Brown became the first openly bisexual governor in the United States, as governor of Oregon.[591][592][593]
  • The United States appointed Randy Berry as its first Special Envoy for the Human Rights of LGBT Persons.[594]
  • Screenwriter Jason Rothenberg of The 100 confirmed that that TV show's lead character, Clarke Griffin (played by Eliza Taylor) was bisexual; this makes her the first openly bisexual lead character on the CW network.[595]
  • The first gay groups (Boston Pride and OutVets) marched in Boston's St. Patrick's Day parade.[596]
  • In March 2015 Rabbi Denise Eger became the first openly gay president of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, which is the largest and oldest rabbinical organization in North America.[597][598]
  • OUT@NBCUniversal, an organization of gay employees of NBCUniversal, became the first gay group to march in New York City's St. Patrick's Day parade.[599]
  • The D.C. Center for the LGBT Community became the first gay group to march in the Washington, D.C. St. Patrick's Day parade.[600][601]
  • In April 2015, Malta became the first country in the world to outlaw sterilization and invasive surgery on intersex people.[602][602][603][603]
  • In a first for the state, California's Department of Corrections was ordered by a federal judge to grant a transgender prisoner (Michelle-Lael Norsworthy) access to gender-affirming surgery.[604]
  • The White House opens its first gender-neutral restroom[605]
  • The inaugural White House Trans Women Of Color Women's History Month Briefing was held.[606]
  • The U.S. Justice Department announced that it had filed its first civil lawsuit on behalf of a transgender person (Rachel Tudor); the lawsuit was United States of America v. Southeastern Oklahoma State University and the Regional University System of Oklahoma, filed in federal court in that state.[607]
  • Mikhail Ivan Gallatinov and Mark Goodwin became the first couple to have a same-sex wedding in a UK prison after marrying at Full Sutton Prison in East Yorkshire.[608]
  • Pascal Tessier became the first openly gay adult Boy Scout in the nation to be hired as a summer camp leader when he was hired by the Boy Scouts' New York chapter, Greater New York Councils.[609]
  • In February 2015, Patricia Velásquez released her memoir Straight Walk, discussing her struggles growing up in poverty in Venezuela and how her relationship with Sandra Bernhard made her realize she was a lesbian.[610] This makes her the world's first openly lesbian Latina supermodel.[611]
  • Aisha Moodie-Mills became the new president and CEO of the Victory Fund, which made her the first woman, first black woman, first lesbian, and first black lesbian to become the head of a national leading LGBT organization.[612][613]
  • Andreja Pejic became the first openly transgender model profiled by Vogue, in its May 2015 issue.[614]
  • Laverne Cox (among others) posed nude for the Allure annual "Nudes" issue, becoming the first openly transgender actress to do so.[615]
  • Scott Turner Schofield became the first openly transgender actor to play a major role on daytime television, as the character Nick on the show The Bold and the Beautiful.[616][617]
  • Maka Brown, an 18-year-old senior at the Salt Lake School for Performing Arts, was crowned Utah's first openly transgender prom queen.[618]
  • Argentina became Latin America's first nation to recognize same-sex partners and a biological parent on a child's birth certificate; specifically, it allowed a lesbian couple and their son's biological father, who donated sperm for their pregnancy, to be included on the child's birth certificate.[619] The child's name is Antonio and his two mothers are Susana Guichal and Valeria Gaete, and his father is Hernan Melazzi.[619]
  • When President Obama declared May to be National Foster Care Month in 2015, he included words never before included in a White House proclamation about adoption, stating in part, "With so many children waiting for loving homes, it is important to ensure all qualified caregivers have the opportunity to serve as foster or adoptive parents, regardless of race, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, or marital status. That is why we are working to break down the barriers that exist and investing in efforts to recruit more qualified parents for children in foster care." Thus it appears he is the first president to explicitly say gender identity shouldn't prevent anyone from adopting or becoming a foster parent.[620]
  • Tokyo's Shibuya ward passed a local ordinance granting same-sex couples the right to partnership certificates; this makes it the first place in Japan – or anywhere in East Asia – to recognize same-sex partnerships.[621]
  • Azerbaijani Elnur Huseynov became the first ever openly gay winner of The Voice anywhere in the world winning O Ses Türkiye.[622]
  • Ireland became the first country to legalize same-sex marriage by popular vote.[623]
  • The first American federally approved monument honoring LGBT veterans was dedicated; it is located at the Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery in Elwood, Illinois.[624]
  • Fun Home, the first Broadway musical with a lesbian protagonist, premiered on Broadway.[625][626]
  • Caitlyn Jenner became the first openly transgender woman on the cover of Vanity Fair.[627]
  • Chris Mosier became the first known out trans athlete to join a U.S. national team that matched his gender identity, rather than the gender assigned him at birth, when he won a spot on Team USA in the men's sprint duathalon.[628]
  • Philadelphia flew the transgender pride flag above City Hall for the first time.[629]
  • Manabi Bandopadhyay, India's first openly transgender college principal, began work as the principal of the Krishnagar Women's College in Nadia district.[630]
  • Cambodia got its first LGBT magazine, Q Cambodia.[631]
  • Guam became the United States' first overseas territory to recognize same-sex marriage.[632]
  • Shawn MacIver and James Moccia became the first openly gay couple to graduate from a police academy together when they graduated from the Boston Police Academy.[633]
  • On May 29, 2015, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission announced it would officially consider designating the Stonewall Inn as a landmark, the first city location to be considered based on its LGBT cultural significance alone.[634] On June 23, 2015, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission unanimously approved the designation of the Stonewall Inn as a city landmark, making it the first landmark honored for its role in the fight for gay rights.[635]
  • Audrey Middleton became the U.S. television show Big Brother's first openly transgender houseguest.[636]
  • Sean Conroy became the first openly gay baseball player to appear in a professional game; Conroy pitched nine scoreless innings to lead the Sonoma Stompers to a 7–0 win over the Vallejo Admirals in the Pacific Association of Baseball Clubs, an independent league featuring teams from Northern California.[637]
  • Laverne Cox became the first openly transgender person to have a wax figure of herself at Madame Tussauds.[638]
  • Robby Mook became the first openly gay manager of a major presidential campaign (Hillary Clinton's campaign).[639][640]
  • J. Christopher Neal became the first openly bisexual New York City LGBT Pride March Grand Marshal.[641]
  • Thomas Roberts became the first openly gay evening news anchor on network television when he anchored NBC's "Nightly News" for a day.[642]
  • Schools In Transition: A Guide for Supporting Transgender Students in K-12 Schools was introduced; it is a first-of-its-kind publication for school administrations, teachers, and parents about how to provide safe and supportive environments for all transgender students in kindergarten through twelfth grade.[643]
  • The UK-based bisexual women's website Biscuit created the Purple List; the first known list of its kind, the Purple List seeks to recognize bisexuals who have contributed to fighting biphobia and increasing bisexual visibility.[644][645]
  • Jacob Anderson-Minshall became the first openly transgender author to win a Goldie award from the Golden Crown Literary Society; he shared the award for best creative non-fiction book with Diane Anderson-Minshall for Queerly Beloved: A Love Story Across Genders.[646]
  • Jamaica held its first LGBT Pride celebrations.[647]
  • The Bold and the Beautiful's character Maya Avant (played by Karla Mosley) became the first transgender bride to be married on daytime television when she married Rick Forrester (played by Jacob Young).[648]
  • Benjamin Thomas Watt from New Zealand became the first openly gay professional boxing judge[649]
  • David Denson came out as gay, making him the first active minor league player affiliated with a Major League Baseball organization to do so.[650]
  • Keegan Hirst became the first British rugby league professional to come out as gay.[651]
  • Hari Nef became the first openly transgender model signed to IMG.[652]
  • Meredith Talusan became BuzzFeed's first openly transgender staff writer.[653]
  • President Obama appointed Raffi Freedman-Gurspan to serve as an Outreach and Recruitment Director in the Presidential Personnel Office, making her the first openly transgender appointee to work inside the White House.[654]
  • Sam Stanley, nephew of Joe Stanley, became the first English rugby union player to come out as gay.[655]
  • Andrew Guy became Australia's first openly transgender TV host, as a guest presenter on The Project.[656]
  • Rebecca Root became the first openly transgender actress to play a leading role in a British situation comedy, in the BBC's Boy Meets Girl
  • The Royal Vauxhall Tavern became the first ever building in the UK to be given a special "listing" status based on its LGBT history; it was accorded Grade II listed status by the UK's Department of Culture, Media and Sport.[657]
  • The first Scottish LGBTI Awards were held.[658]
  • Nancy VanReece won the Metro Council District 8 seat in Nashville, thus becoming the first out lesbian elected to a legislative body in Tennessee.[659][660]
  • Nepal adopted its first democratic constitution, which is the first in Asia to specifically protect the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities.[661]
  • Jeffrey Tambor became the first actor to win an Emmy for portraying a transgender character.[662]
  • The first Oscar campaigns for openly transgender actresses supported by a movie producer were launched for actresses Kitana Kiki Rodriguez and Mya Taylor of the movie Tangerine.[663]
  • Chris Burns, an assistant coach at Bryant University, came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay coach in Division I men's basketball.[664]
  • Hollyoaks became the first UK soap to cast an openly transgender actress in a regular role when they cast Annie Wallace as Hollyoaks High School's new head teacher, Sally St. Claire, making her first appearance on 29 October 2015.[665]
  • EastEnders became the first UK soap to cast an openly transgender actor in a regular role when they chose Riley Carter Millington to play trans man Kyle Slater, making his first appearance on 30 October 2015.[666]
  • Breanna Sinclairé became the first openly transgender person to sing the national anthem at a professional sporting event, which she did at a Major League Baseball game.
  • A transgender man's phalloplasty became the first ever seen on camera, in the Channel 4 documentary Girls to Men.[667]
  • Inga Beale, CEO of Lloyd's of London, became the first woman and the first openly bisexual person to be named number one in the OUTstanding & FT Leading LGBT executive power list.[668]
  • Aydian Dowling became the first openly transgender man on the cover of Men's Health magazine, as part of a special collector's edition.[669]
  • Loiza Lamers won "Holland's Next Top Model", making her the first openly transgender winner of the "Top Model" franchise.[670]
  • California became the first state in America to agree to pay for transgender prison inmates to receive sexual reassignment surgery.[671]
  • The first U.S. congressional forum on anti-transgender violence was held.[672]
  • The (American) Department of Veterans Affairs opened its first clinic for transgender service members.[673]
  • Tamara Adrián was elected to the Venezuelan National Assembly, thus becoming the first openly transgender Venezuelan to be elected to their national legislature.[674]
  • Mya Taylor won the Gotham Award for Breakthrough Actor, making her the first openly transgender actress to win a Gotham award.[675]
  • Kael McKenzie is appointed to the Provincial Court of Manitoba, becoming Canada's first out transgender judge.[676]
  • Adrianna Vorderbruggen died in combat; she is believed to be the first American active duty, openly gay, female service member to die in combat, and is the first openly gay American Air Force officer to die in combat.[677]
  • Jackie Biskupski was elected as the first openly gay mayor of Salt Lake City.[678]
  • Abby Stein came out as transgender and thus became the first openly transgender woman (and the first woman) to have been ordained by an ultra-Orthodox institution, having received her rabbinical degree in 2011 from Yeshiva Viznitz in South Fallsburg, N.Y. However, this was before she was openly transgender, and she is no longer working as a rabbi as of 2016.[679] She is also the first openly transgender woman raised in a Hasidic community, and is a direct descendant of Hasidic Judaism's founder the Baal Shem Tov.[680]


  • Chile's Hugo Alcalde became that country’s first gay police officer to have a civil union.[681]
  • The 1st annual World LGBT Conference for Criminal Justice Professionals[682] was held in August of this year with the theme of "To Connect And Inspire".
  • Through her Foundation, Jennifer Pritzker gave a $2 million donation to create the world's first endowed academic chair of transgender studies, at the University of Victoria in British Columbia; Aaron Devor was chosen as the inaugural chair.[683]
  • The house at 219 11th St. SE which was home to the Furies Collective was named as the first lesbian-related historic landmark in Washington, D.C. when it was unanimously voted into the D.C. Inventory of Historic Sites.[684]
  • Gopi Shankar Madurai became first openly Indian Intersex, Genderqueer and Gay to contest in 2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election.
  • The ceremonial first kiss shared between a sailor and their partner after returning from active duty in the Canadian Navy was done by two men for the first time.[685]
  • Maite Oronoz Rodríguez became Puerto Rico's first openly gay chief justice and, as such, the first openly gay chief justice in U.S. history.[686]
  • Mya Taylor became the first openly transgender actor to win an Independent Spirit Award; she won for Best Supporting Female.[687]
  • Israel held its first transgender beauty pageant, which was called "Miss Trans Israel", and was held at a club in Tel Aviv.[688]
  • Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull became the first sitting Australian Prime Minister to attend the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.[689]
  • Sophie Rebecca became the first openly transgender ballet student to train on the Royal Academy of Dance's courses for female dancers.[690]
  • Australian Opposition Leader Bill Shorten became the first leader of a major Australian political party to march in the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.[691]
  • An anonymous couple held the first same-sex wedding in Cyprus.[692]
  • Marios Frixou and Fanos Eleftheriades held the first public same-sex wedding in Cyprus.[692]
  • Derrick Gordon became the first openly gay man to play in the March Madness tournament.[693]
  • Tom Swann and Guillermo Hernandez became the first same-sex couple to marry in a United States federal immigration center.[694]
  • It was announced that President Barack Obama had appointed Raffi Freedman-Gurspan as the White House's primary LGBT liaison, making her the first openly transgender person in the role.[695]
  • Santa Clara County became the first county government in the U.S. to raise the transgender pride flag.[696]
  • Nisha Ayub received the International Women of Courage Award in 2016, becoming the first openly transgender woman to receive that award.[697]
  • Aiden Katri, 19, became the first Israeli transgender woman to be jailed for refusing to serve in the military.[698]
  • Trans United Fund was founded; it is the first group of its kind, a 501(c)(4) organization of transgender leaders focused on transgender issues.[699]
  • The first Jewish same-sex wedding ceremony in Latin America was celebrated in Buenos Aires; the wedding was for Victoria Escobar and Romina Charur and was officiated by Rabbi Karina Finkielstein.[700]
  • In the first such ruling in Italy, a lesbian couple won the right to legally adopt each other's biological children.[701]
  • Nur Warsame came out and thus became Australia's first openly gay Imam.[702]
  • Katherine Zappone became Ireland's first openly lesbian minister.[703]
  • Hannah Blythyn, Jeremy Miles, and Adam Price became the first openly gay members of the Welsh Assembly.[704]
  • The house of the Furies Collective became the first lesbian site on the National Register of Historic Places.[705]
  • Edificio Comunidad de Orgullo Gay became the first Latino LGBT site on the National Register of Historic Places.[705]
  • Geraldine Roman became the first openly transgender woman elected to Congress in the Philippines.[706]
  • Openly lesbian Brazilian Olympic rugby player Isadora Cerullo became the first person to accept a marriage proposal at an Olympic Games.[707]
  • The first female couple in Nicosia to enter into a civil partnership was registered.[708]
  • Eric Fanning became the first openly gay Secretary of the United States Army.[709]
  • Carl Austin-Behan was sworn in as Manchester's first openly gay Lord Mayor.[710]
  • Prince William became the first member of Britain's royal family to appear on the cover of a gay magazine when he appeared on the cover of the July issue of Attitude; in the cover story, he also became the first British royal to openly condemn the bullying of the gay community.[711]
  • Amelia Gapin became the first openly transgender woman to be featured on the cover of Women's Running.[712]
  • On June 10, 2016, an Oregon circuit court ruled that a resident, Jamie Shupe, could obtain a non-binary gender designation. The Transgender Law Center believes this to be "the first ruling of its kind in the U.S."[713]
  • Erin O'Flaherty became the first openly gay Miss Missouri, which also made her the first openly lesbian Miss America candidate.[714]
  • Chris Mosier was chosen as the first openly transgender athlete to be featured in the "Body Issue" of ESPN The Magazine.[715]
  • On June 24, 2016, President Barack Obama officially designated the Stonewall National Monument, making it the United States' first National Monument designated for an LGBT historic site. The National Monument status encompasses the Stonewall Inn, Christopher Street Park, and the block of Christopher Street bordering the park.[716][717]
  • Hillary Clinton became the first presumptive presidential nominee from any major party to march in the NYC Pride March.[718]
  • British Government minister Justine Greening revealed that she was in a same-sex relationship, thus becoming the first out LGB female cabinet minister.[719]
  • Caitlyn Jenner became the first openly transgender person on the cover of Sports Illustrated.[720]
  • Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau became the first Canadian Prime Minister to march in a pride parade.[721]
  • The United Nations voted to create their first LGBT human rights watchdog.[722]
  • The UN Security Council condemned the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting; this statement marked the first time the U.N. Security Council used language recognizing violence targeting the LGBT community.[723]
  • Misty Plowright became the first openly transgender candidate to win a major party primary for the US House of Representatives.[724]
  • Misty Snow became the first openly transgender candidate to win a major party primary for the US Senate.[724]
  • Amanda Nunes became the UFC's first openly gay champion.[725]
  • Rachel Hoff became the first openly gay person to sit on the Republican Party's Platform Committee.[726]
  • An important legal victory for transgender people occurred in April 2016, when the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of transgender male student Gavin Grimm, which marked the first ruling by a U.S. appeals court to find that transgender students are protected under federal laws that ban sex-based discrimination.[727] The ruling came on a challenge to the Gloucester County School Board's policy of making transgender students use alternative restroom facilities.[727]
  • The United Methodist church elected its first openly gay bishop, Karen Oliveto.[728]
  • A Nickelodeon cartoon, called The Loud House, introduced the first animated married same-sex couple to its channel.[729]
  • Peter Thiel became the first person to publicly announce to the GOP convention that he is gay.[730]
  • Sarah McBride was a speaker at the Democratic National Convention, becoming the first openly transgender person to address a major party convention in American history.[731][732][733][734]
  • Elle printed special collectors' covers for their September 2016 issue, and one of them featured Hari Nef, which was the first time an openly transgender woman had been on the cover of a major commercial British magazine.[735]
  • Luke Carine and Zak Tomlinson became the first same-sex couple to get married on the Isle of Man.[736]
  • Marc and Alan Steffan-Cowell became the first same-sex pair to convert their civil partnership to a marriage on the Isle of Man.[736]
  • Lea T became the first openly transgender person ever to participate in the opening ceremonies of an Olympics when she led the Brazilian team into the stadium on her bike during the 2016 Rio Olympics.[737][738]
  • Guðni Th. Jóhannesson (president of Iceland) became the first president of a country to participate in a pride parade when he gave a speech at Reykjavík Pride 2016 in Iceland.
  • The Olympics hosted their first same-sex marriage proposal.[739]
  • Chris Mosier appeared in Nike's first ad with an openly transgender athlete.[740]
  • The British women's field hockey team won gold at the Olympics; as Kate and Helen Richardson-Walsh were both on that team, this made them the first same-sex married couple to win Olympic medals.[741]
  • Nicholas Chamberlain was the first bishop in the Church of England to come out as gay, which occurred following threats of an outing from an unnamed Sunday newspaper. He said he lived with his partner in a celibate same-sex relationship, as required by the Bishops' guidelines, under which gay clergy must practice abstinence and may not marry.[742][743][744][745]
  • Chansey Paech became Australia's first elected MP who is both Aboriginal and openly gay, which at the time had not happened at either a state, territorial, or federal level. He is a Labor politician from the Northern Territory.
  • Ivar Mountbatten came out as gay and revealed that he was in a relationship with James Coyle, an airline cabin services director whom he met whilst at a ski resort in Verbier.[746][747] While not being a member of the British royal family, he is the first member of the monarch's extended family to come out as gay.[748]
  • Donald Trump became the first Republican nominee to mention the LGBT community in a GOP nomination address, saying in his acceptance speech at the 2016 Republican National Convention on July 21, 2016: "As your president, I will do everything in my power to protect our LGBTQ citizens from the violence and oppression of a hateful foreign ideology."[749]
  • For the first time two openly gay men ran for parliament in Russia.[750]
  • Tracey Norman and Geena Rocero became the first two openly transgender models to appear on the cover of an edition of Harper's Bazaar.[751]
  • Hillary Clinton wrote an op-ed for Philadelphia Gay News, which was the first time a major-party presidential candidate wrote an op-ed for an LGBT newspaper.[752]
  • Harrison Browne of the National Women's Hockey League came out as a transgender man, which made him the first openly transgender athlete in professional American team sports.[753]
  • Along with Martha Raddatz, Anderson Cooper moderated the second presidential election debate between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump.[754] This made him the first openly gay person to moderate a presidential debate.[755]
  • Anwen Muston is a British Labour Party politician, who was elected to Wolverhampton City Council at the 2016 elections; this makes her the first openly transgender woman to be elected as a Labour representative.[756][757]
  • Kate Brown was elected as governor of Oregon, and thus became the first openly LGBT person, specifically the first bisexual, elected as a United States governor.[758]
  • Amiyah Scott became the first openly trans person to play a trans major character in a scripted television drama series in America with the debut of the show Star.[759][760]
  • in August, using a high-altitude balloon, activists launched the first pride flag into the Stratosphere as it floated 21.1 miles (34.1km).[761][762][763]


  • In the 2017 live-action adaptation of Beauty and the Beast, Le Fou is gay, making him the first gay character in a Disney film.[764]
  • ABC News aired the first regional network broadcasts of Pride Marches for both Chicago and New York, streaming a portion of these events live wherever access allowed worldwide and making such available for all year round. Previously such had been covered by cable networks.[765][766] The New York LGBT Pride March organized by Heritage of Pride was nominated for an Emmy award as a Special Event (other than News or Sports).[767]
  • The European Court of Human Rights ruled that Russia was in breach of European treaty with their ban of what Russia considered homosexual propaganda instituted in 2013.[768] This is the first significant international LGBT human rights judgement with consequence and effect. There still is no global court that can address such issues on a transnational basis.
  • Trystlynn Melanni Barber became the first openly transgender staff member ever employed by the Georgia Department of Corrections.[769]
  • The January 2017 issue of National Geographic has a nine-year-old transgender girl on the cover (Avery Jackson); she is thought to be the first openly transgender person on National Geographic's cover.[770]
  • Denmark became the first country in the world to officially remove transgender identities from its list of mental health disorders.[771]
  • Ellen Hart, who is openly lesbian,[772] became the first openly LGBT writer to be named a Grand Master by the Mystery Writers of America.[773]
  • Jess Herbst, mayor of New Hope, came out as transgender and thus became the first known openly transgender elected official in Texas history.[774]
  • Joe Maldonado became the first openly transgender member of the Boy Scouts of America.[775] In 2016, he was rejected from the Cub Scouts for being transgender, but this policy was changed in 2017 after his story became nationally known.[775]
  • Gabrielle Tremblay became the first transgender actress ever nominated for a Canadian Screen Award, as Best Supporting Actress for her role in Those Who Make Revolution Halfway Only Dig Their Own Graves (Ceux qui font les révolutions à moitié n'ont fait que se creuser un tombeau).[776]
  • Brazilian model Valentina Sampaio became the first openly transgender model on the cover of French Vogue.[777][778]
  • Martina Robledo became the first openly transgender woman to act as a trophy presenter at the Grammys.[779]
  • Moonlight became the first LGBT-related film to win the Best Picture award at the Oscars.[780]
  • Japan became the first country in the world to elect an openly transgender man to a public office when Tomoya Hosoda was elected as a councillor for the city of Iruma.[781][782]
  • Two openly gay candidates were elected to the Anchorage Assembly (Christopher Constant and Felix Rivera), becoming the first openly LGBT elected officials in Alaska. [783][784]
  • Andy Street became the United Kingdom's first openly gay directly elected metro mayor.[785]
  • M Barclay became the first openly non-binary trans person to be commissioned as a Deacon in the United Methodist Church.[786][787]
  • Leo Varadkar became the new Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland and leader of the Fine Gael party, after winning 51 of the 73 votes in the parliamentary party. He was the first openly gay Taoiseach, as well as the youngest and the first of half-Indian descent. He is fourth openly LGBT head of government in Europe.[788]
  • Paul Feinman became the first openly gay judge on the New York Court of Appeals.[789]
  • Alex Hai came out as a transgender man, thus becoming the first openly transgender person to be a gondolier in Venice.[790][791]
  • Ana Brnabić was elected as the first openly gay (and first female) Prime Minister of Serbia.[792]
  • Philippa York, formerly Robert Millar, came out as transgender, thus becoming the first former professional cyclist to have publicly transitioned.[793]
  • Ryan Atkin became the first openly gay official in English soccer.[794]
  • San Francisco 49ers assistant coach Katie Sowers came out as gay, thus becoming the NFL's first openly LGBT coach, and the first openly LGBT coach in all of U.S. men's professional sports.[795][796]
  • Scott Frantz became the first openly gay college football player to play in a game for a NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision school.[797]
  • In August 2017, the first West Africa LGBT-Inclusive religious gathering occurred. Over 30 participants indigenous to ten West African countries, including Benin, Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, and Togo participated in an interfaith diversity event hosted by Interfaith Diversity Network of West Africa with the theme of "Building Bridges, Sharing Stories, Creating Hope"[798]
  • MOGA, a Muslim Women's fashion designer becomes the First fashion designer in the world to release a rainbow hijab.[799]
  • Ana Brnabić became the first head of government of any Balkan country to attend a gay pride march; she attended one in Belgrade.[800]
  • Ines Rau became the first openly transgender Playboy Playmate.[801]
  • Andrea Jenkins became the first openly transgender black woman elected to public office in the United States when she was elected to the Minneapolis City Council.[802]
  • The United States Defense Health Agency for the first time approved payment for sex reassignment surgery for an active-duty U.S. military service member. The patient, an infantry soldier who identifies as a woman, had already begun a course of treatment for gender reassignment. The procedure, which the treating doctor deemed medically necessary, was performed on November 14 at a private hospital, since U.S. military hospitals lack the requisite surgical expertise.[803]
  • Tyler Titus, a transgender man, became the first openly transgender person elected to public office in Pennsylvania when he was elected to the Erie School Board.[804] He and Phillipe Cunningham, elected to the Minneapolis City Council on the same night, became the first two openly trans men to be elected to public office in the United States.[805]
  • America's first all-LGBT city council was elected in Palm Springs, consisting of three gay men, a transgender woman and a bisexual woman.[806]
  • David J. Glawe was confirmed on August 3, 2017, by the United States Senate and sworn in by President Trump. He became the highest ranking out gay US Official in United States history as the Under Secretary for Intelligence at the Department of Homeland Security. He reports directly to both the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Director of National Intelligence. On 28 June 2017 during his televised Senate confirmation hearing he introduced his husband and two children.[807]
  • Marshall Bang became the first singer in Korea to debut as an openly gay musician.[808]
  • Andi Mack became the first Disney show to feature a gay character when Cyrus revealed he had feelings for another character, Jonah, on the show.[809]
  • November 28, 2017 Prime Minister Justin Trudeau offered a formal apology to the Canadian LGBTQ2S community in the House of Commons. Criminal records from the Purge targeting individuals for their sexual orientation that occurred from the 1950's through the 1990's would be expunged and reparations were to begin for civil servant and military personnel as agreed after a civil action lawsuit in the amount of 110 million Canadian dollars.[810]


  • Adam Rippon became the United States's first openly gay athlete ever to qualify for any Winter Olympics.[811] That year he won an Olympic bronze medal as part of the figure skating team event, thus becoming the first openly gay U.S. athlete to win a medal at the Winter Olympics.[812][813]
  • Canadian Women's Hockey League player Jessica Platt came out as a transgender woman, thus making her the first transgender woman to come out in North American professional hockey.[814][815]
  • Daniel Hall and Vinny Franchino became the first active-duty, same-sex couple to marry at West Point.[816]
  • Yance Ford and Joslyn Barnes were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature for producing Strong Island, which he also directed.[817][818] As such, Ford was the first openly transgender man to be nominated for any Academy Award, and the first openly transgender director to be nominated for any Academy Award.[819]
  • Laverne Cox became the first openly transgender person to appear on the cover of any Cosmopolitan magazine (specifically, Cosmopolitan South Africa's February 2018 issue).[820]
  • Paris Lees became the first openly transgender woman featured in British Vogue.[821]
  • Holland, the first openly gay K-pop singer, debuted his first single "Neverland."[808]
  • Dee Rees and Virgil Williams were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Mudbound, which made Rees the first queer black woman to be nominated for any Academy Award in a writing category; she was a lesbian.[822][823][824]
  • Rachel Morrison became the first woman ever nominated for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography, and thus, as she was a lesbian, the first lesbian as well.[825][826]
  • Thos Shipley and Joe DeIorio, First openly gay married couple to serve elected public office together for the same municipality (Borough Council): Roselle Park, New Jersey, 2018.[827]
  • Canadian Eric Radford became the first openly gay man to win a gold medal at any Winter Olympics.[828]
  • Transgender Health reported that a transgender woman in the United States breastfed her adopted baby; this was the first known case of a transgender woman breastfeeding.[829][830]
  • Jacinda Ardern became the first prime minister of New Zealand to march in a gay pride parade.[831]
  • Daniela Vega became the first openly transgender person in history to be a presenter at the Academy Awards.[832][833][834]
  • Love, Simon was released as the first film ever released by a major studio to focus on a gay teenage romance.[835][836]
  • Toni Atkins succeeded Kevin de León as Senate President Pro Tempore. This made her the first woman and the first openly LGBT person (she was a lesbian) to lead the California State Senate.[837][838]
  • Marvia Malik became the first openly transgender newsreader to appear on Pakistani television in 2018.[839][840][841]
  • St. John's Centre MHA Gerry Rogers became the first openly LGBT person to lead a political party in Newfoundland and Labrador.[842]
  • Todd Harrity came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay professional male squash player in the world.[843][844]
  • Raquel Pennington faced Amanda Nunes on May 12, 2018 at UFC 224 in a UFC Women's Bantamweight Championship bout.[845] Pennington lost the fight via TKO in the fifth round.[846] This was the first event in UFC history to be headlined by two openly gay fighters.[847]
  • The Vatican used the acronym LGBT in an official document for the first time.[848]
  • Sue Bird and Megan Rapinoe became the first same-sex couple on the cover of ESPN's Body Issue.[849]
  • Angela Ponce made history on June 29, 2018, becoming the first openly transgender woman to ever be crowned Miss Spain.[850]
  • Sharon Afek became the Israel Defense Forces' first openly gay major general.[851]
  • Land O'Lakes named Beth Ford its first female CEO, making her the first openly gay woman CEO to run a Fortune 500 company.[852]
  • Bradley Kim of the Air Force Academy came out as gay, thus becoming the first openly gay football player to play for any military academy in the United States.[853]
  • Mike Jacobs became the first sitting judge in the United States to come out as bisexual.[854]
  • Peppermint made her Broadway debut in The Go-Go's-inspired musical Head Over Heels. The show began previews on June 23, 2018 and officially opened July 26; playing the role of Pythio, Peppermint became the first trans woman to originate a principal role on Broadway.[855]
  • Christine Hallquist became the first openly transgender candidate for governor nominated by a major political party in the United States when she was nominated for governor of Vermont by the Democrats.[856]
  • A bill was signed into law designating the LGBTQ Veterans Memorial in Desert Memorial Park as California's official LGBTQ veterans memorial. Due to this, California became the first state in the nation to officially recognize LGBTQ military veterans.[857][858]
  • Kyrsten Sinema became the first openly bisexual person to win a major party nomination to run for a U.S. Senate seat.[859]
  • Kyrsten Sinema became the first openly bisexual person elected to the U.S. Senate.[860]
  • Tadd Fujikawa came out as gay during a post on Instagram, becoming the first male professional golfer to publicly come out as gay.[861]
  • Yance Ford and Joslyn Barnes were awarded an Emmy for Exceptional Merit in Documentary Filmmaking for producing Strong Island, which made Ford the first openly transgender man and the first black openly transgender person to win an Emmy award, as well as the first openly transgender filmmaker to win a Creative Arts Emmy.[862][863][864]
  • Lord Ivar Mountbatten married his same-sex partner, James Coyle, on the 22 of September 2018,[865][866] becoming the first member of the British monarch's extended family to have a same-sex wedding.[866][867][868]
  • America's first city-wide Bi Pride event was held, in West Hollywood.[869]
  • Graça Fonseca became the first openly gay government minister in Portugal.[870]
  • Katie Hill was elected as California’s first openly bisexual person, and first openly queer woman, to be a member of Congress.[871][872]
  • Xavier Bettel becomes the first openly gay Prime Minister in the world to be re-elected for a second term.[873][874]
  • Etienne Schneider became the first openly gay deputy Prime Minister in the world to be re-elected for a second term.
  • Jared Polis won election as governor of Colorado, becoming the first openly gay person elected governor of any US state.[875] (He is not, however, the first gay person to serve as a state governor; on August 12, 2004, Jim McGreevey, 52nd Governor of New Jersey, came out as gay during a speech announcing his resignation.)[876]
  • Sharice Davids was elected as the first openly gay Native American in the US Congress, the first openly LGBTQ member of the Kansas congressional delegation, and the first openly gay person representing Kansas on the federal level.[877][878]
  • Angie Craig became the first openly lesbian mother to be elected to the US Congress, and the first openly gay person elected to Congress from Minnesota.[879][880]
  • Chris Pappas was elected to be the first openly gay person representing Congress for New Hampshire.[879]
  • Teri Johnston was elected to be the first openly lesbian mayor of Key West, Florida.[881]
  • Ahmad Zahra was elected to Fullerton city council, thus becoming the first openly gay Muslim to be elected to office in the USA[882][883]
  • Patricio Manuel became the first openly transgender male to box professionally in the United States, and, as he won the fight, the first openly transgender male to win a pro boxing fight in the U.S.[884]
  • Colombia prosecuted a transgender woman's murder as a femicide for the first time in 2018, sentencing Davinson Stiven Erazo Sánchez to twenty years in a psychiatric center for "aggravated femicide" a year after he killed Anyela Ramos Claros, a transgender woman.[885]
  • Ricardo Lara was elected as California’s insurance commissioner, making him the first openly gay person elected to statewide office in California's history.[886]
  • Neighbours becomes the first Australian TV show to air a scripted same-sex wedding with the wedding of characters David Tanaka and Aaron Brennan on-screen in September.[887]
  • On 9 June, around 30 to 40 researchers, 12 of whom are identifying as LGBT hold the first Pride celebration at a bar in McMurdo Station in the Ross Dependency, making it the first pride celebration in Antarctica.[888][889][890]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Smith, Raymond, Haider-Markel, Donald, eds., (2002). Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation, ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-256-8, p. 204.
  2. ^ In 1919, the first pro-gay movie was made. A year later, it was banned.
  3. ^ Hogan and Hudson, p. 244
  4. ^ Berlin Story: How the Germans invented gay rights—more than a century ago.
  5. ^ "Trans Media Watch". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  6. ^ Mädchen In Uniform – Gender, Power And Sexuality in Times of Militarisation
  7. ^ Duberman, Martin; Martha Vicinus, George Chauncey (Editors) (1989). Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay & Lesbian Past. New York: Meridian. ISBN 0-452-01067-5.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b James R. Smith San Francisco's Lost Landmarks, Quill Driver Books, 2004 ISBN 1884995446 p. 84.
  9. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Homo politicus, Uitgeverij Balans, 17 March 2016
  10. ^ a b History Detectives . Investigations – Diana. PBS. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  11. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Ir. H. Vos, Parlementair Documentatie Centrum, 10 December 2010
  12. ^ a b Spring Fire (Lesbian Pulp Fiction) (9781573441872): Vin Packer: Books. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  13. ^ Lesbian Pulp Fiction Collection. (2009-11-20). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  14. ^ social sciences – Daughters of Bilitis Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine. glbtq (2005-10-20). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  15. ^ Brown, Mark; correspondent, arts (16 March 2013). "Newly unearthed ITV play could be first ever gay television drama". Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via
  16. ^ "April Ashley: the first Briton to undergo a sex change". The Independent. London. 2 February 2006. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  17. ^ Peter Stanford (24 November 2009). "April Ashley: 50 happy years for sex-swap pioneer". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  18. ^ "Born On The 4th Of July: 12 American LGBT War Heroes / Queerty". Archived from the original on 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  19. ^ Miller, Neil (1995). Out of the Past: Gay and Lesbian History from 1869 to the Present, p. 347. New York, Vintage Books. ISBN 0-09-957691-0.
  20. ^ Bullough, Vern L. (2002). Before Stonewall: d Activists for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Historical Context. New York: Haworth Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-1-56023-193-6.
  21. ^ "1966 Vanguard Sweep – FoundSF".
  22. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
  23. ^ Tobin, pg.65
  24. ^ "Social sciences – San Francisco". glbtq. Archived from the original on 2015-07-05. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  25. ^ Mark Oppenheimer (2010-09-18). "Beliefs – Recalling a Haunted Cleric and Neglected Gay Rights Pioneer". Retrieved 2012-07-25. Oppenheimer, Mark (July 1996), "The Inherent Worth and Dignity": Gay Unitarians and the Birth of Sexual Tolerance in Liberal Religion", Journal of the History of Sexuality (University of Texas Press) 7 (1): 73–101, JSTOR 3840443. Oppenheimer, Mark (2003), Knocking on Heaven's Door: American Religion in the Age of Counterculture, Yale University Press, p. 30, ISBN 0-300-10024-8
  26. ^ Pulley, Anna (2012-08-10). "10 Fun Facts You Didn't Know About Lesbians". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  27. ^ Pride of the West|Travel Archived 2011-07-03 at the Wayback Machine. The Advocate. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  28. ^ Gay pride parades held across the country.. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  29. ^ Keilty, Patrick (2009). "Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Information Needs". Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, 3rd Edition: 3275–3280.
  30. ^ "PP#45: Jim Morris – The 80-Year-Old Vegan Bodybuilding Legend – Plantriotic". Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  31. ^ Beemyn, Genny (2012-08-15). "The Top 10 Trans-Friendly Colleges and Universities". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  32. ^ "The Bay Area Reporter Online – Pioneering activist Betty Berzon dies". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  33. ^ Boldt, David R. (February 23, 1971). "Homosexual Files Delegate Papers: Number of Contestants Is Now Eight". The Washington Post. p. A17.
  34. ^ "Kameny, Frank (b. 1925)". glbtq, Inc. Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
  35. ^ Jeffrey Escoffier, "Beefcake to Hardcore: Gay Pornography and the Sexual Revolution," in Sex Scene. Media and the Sexual Revolution, ed. Eric Schaefer, Duke University Press, 2014, ISBN 9780822356424, pp. 319–347, at p. 319.
  36. ^ Canby, Vincent (July 22, 1969). "Movie Review – Blue Movie (1968) Screen: Andy Warhol's 'Blue Movie'". New York Times. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  37. ^ Canby, Vincent (August 10, 1969). "Warhol's Red Hot and 'Blue' Movie. D1. Print. (behind paywall)". New York Times. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  38. ^ Comenas, Gary (1969). "July 21, 1969: Andy Warhol's Blue Movie Opens". Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  39. ^ Haggerty, George E. (2015). A Companion to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Studies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 339. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  40. ^ 'Wakefield Poole: Theater, Dance, and Porn' Archived 2014-01-31 at the Wayback Machine, The Rialto Report, audio interview with Wakefield Poole
  41. ^ Barnes, Clive (December 10, 1971). "'Nightride' – No Apologies and No Regrets; It Gives Serious View of Homosexual Life Lester Rawlins Stars in Role of Playwright" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-24.
  42. ^ "David Nolan Reflects on the Libertarian Party on its 30th Anniversary". Archived from the original on 2017-06-30. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  43. ^ "Minor/Third Party Platforms: Libertarian Party Platform of 1972". Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  44. ^ "UCC 'Firsts'". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  45. ^ Gay Politicians. eQualityGiving. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  46. ^ GLINN's Timeline of Gay and Lesbian Family Issues Archived 2012-03-06 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  47. ^ "Denomination – Good Hope MCC, Cape Town, South Africa". Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  48. ^ "social sciences – Metropolitan Community Church". glbtq. 1968-10-06. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  49. ^ Howes, Keith. (1998, February). "Gays of Our Lives". Outrage, Number 177, 38–49.
  50. ^ Eskridge Jr., William N. (2002). Equality Practice: Civil Unions and the Future of Gay Rights. Routledge. p. 5.
  51. ^ Baker v. Nelson, 409 810 (U.S. 1972).
  52. ^ "History and Timeline of the Freedom to Marry in the United States". Freedom to Marry. Archived from the original on 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  53. ^ a b "Beth Chayim Chadashim | Los Angeles Conservancy". Retrieved 2017-08-24.
  54. ^ "BiMedia | Bisexual News & Opinion from". 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  55. ^ Donaldson, Stephen (1995). "The Bisexual Movement's Beginnings in the 70s: A Personal Retrospective". In Tucker, Naomi (ed.). Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, & Visions. New York: Harrington Park Press. pp. 31–45. ISBN 1-56023-869-0.
  56. ^ Highleyman, Liz (2003-07-11). "PAST Out: What is the history of the bisexual movement?". LETTERS From CAMP Rehoboth. 13 (8). Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
  57. ^ Martin, Robert (1972-08-02). "Quakers 'come out' at conference". The Advocate (91): 8.
  58. ^ "Stances of Faiths on LGBT Issues: Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) | Resources | Human Rights Campaign". Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  59. ^ Honoring diversity and courage. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  60. ^ Dickinson, Chris (2000). "Country Undetectable: Gay Artists in Country Music". Journal of Country Music. XXI (1): 28–39. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  61. ^ "Vegan Bodybuilding Legend Shared Secret to Good Posture". 8 July 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  62. ^ a b >> social sciences >> Noble, Elaine Archived 2007-10-30 at the Wayback Machine. glbtq. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  63. ^ Uncle Donald's Castro Street Retrieved December 23, 2016
  64. ^ ">> social sciences >> Transgender Activism". glbtq. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  65. ^ a b "March 26, 1975, the first same-sex marriage licenses in the United States were heroically issued in Boulder by County Clerk, Clela Rorex". Elephant Journal. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  66. ^ "The First Lesbian Porn and 10 Other Revealing Artifacts from Lesbian History". VICE. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  67. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (July 12, 2018). "Tom Gallagher, Diplomat Who Became a Gay Activist, Dies At 77". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  68. ^ Ring, Trudy (July 13, 2018). "Tom Gallagher, First Foreign Service Officer to Come Out, Dies at 77". The Advocate. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  69. ^ Plokihii, Olesia (July 20, 2018). "Tom Gallagher, Foreign Service officer who quit to live as openly gay, dies at 77". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  70. ^ "Task Force mourns the death of pioneering gay activist and founding board member Frank Kameny". National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. October 11, 2011. Archived from the original on October 3, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014. he and a dozen other members of our community briefed then-Public Liaison Midge Costanza
  71. ^ "LGBT Advocate White House Aide Costanza Dies". March 24, 2010. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014. Costanza met with gay activists including Frank Kameny, Troy Perry, Elaine Noble, and Task Force co–executive directors Bruce Voeller and Jean O'Leary.
  72. ^ Jack Rogers Jesus, the Bible, and Homosexuality: Explode the Myths, Heal the Church, Westminster John Knox Press, 2009 ISBN 0-664-23397-X p. 139
  73. ^ FAQs Archived 2012-03-14 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  74. ^ David Hein, Gardiner H. Shattuck The Episcopalians, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004 ISBN 0313229589 p. 143
  75. ^ Mary F. Beal (Author). "Angel Dance: A Classic Lesbian Thriller: Mary F. Beal: 9780895944177: Books". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  76. ^ "Life's Little Lesbian Mysteries: The good ol' days -". 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  77. ^ Subir K Kole (2007-07-11). "Globalizing queer? AIDS, homophobia and the politics of sexual identity in India". Globalization and Health. 3: 8. doi:10.1186/1744-8603-3-8. PMC 2018684. PMID 17623106: "The first academic book on Indian homosexuals appeared in 1977 (The World of Homosexuals) written by Shakuntala Devi, the mathematics wunderkind who was internationally known as the human computer. This book treated homosexuality in a positive light and reviewed socio-cultural and legal situation of homosexuality in India and contrasted that with the then gay liberation movement in USA."
  78. ^ Shakuntala Devi (1977). The World of Homosexuals. Vikas Publishing House. ISBN 9780706904789
  79. ^ Jeffrey S. Siker (2006). Homosexuality and Religion. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 127. ISBN 9780313330889: "In her 1977 book, mathematician Shakuntala Devi interviewed..."
  80. ^ William Lipsky, Gay and Lesbian San Francisco, Arcadia Publishing, 2006
  81. ^ Kehr, Dave (2010-05-28). "New DVDs, 'Word is Out' and 'Meredith Monk'". The New York Times.
  82. ^ Parker, William (1985). Homosexuality Bibliography: 1976–1982. Second supplement. ISBN 9780810817531.
  83. ^ Dana Evan Kaplan (8 August 2005). The Cambridge Companion to American Judaism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 75–. ISBN 978-0-521-52951-8.
  84. ^ The Lesbian Heresy: A Feminist Perspective on the Lesbian Sexual Revolution – Sheila Jeffreys – Google Books. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  85. ^ ">> social sciences >> Tyler, Robin". glbtq. 1942-04-08. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  86. ^ Cohen, Susan (April 25, 1979). "Homosexual Police Officers". The Evening Independent. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  87. ^
  88. ^ "Rabbi Lionel Blue, the first openly gay British rabbi, dies at 86 | Jewish Telegraphic Agency". 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2017-06-22.
  89. ^ Kyper, John. "Black Lesbians Meet in October." Coming Up: A Calendar of Events 1 (Oct. 1980): 1. Web.
  90. ^ Bob christie (November 12, 2012). "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema beats GOP's Vernon Parker in Arizona's 9th Congressional District". Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  91. ^ The Big Interview: Billie Jean King, December 9, 2007.
  92. ^ Grossfeld, Stan (December 3, 2006). "No royalty like King". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-07-04.
  93. ^ "Randy Shilts at Queer Theory" Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2007-01-03.
  94. ^ Anna Qundlen, "A Tough Month in the New Life of a Policeman", The New York Times, Dec. 5, 1981.
  95. ^ "Mr. Olympia Legend – Chris Dickerson".
  96. ^ Weber, Bruce (May 17, 2015). "Sam Ciccone, a Champion of Gay Police Officers, Dies at 71". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  97. ^ Abdill, Rich (July 23, 2012). "Sally Ride Revealed to Be Gay: Her Sister, on Ride's Life, Death, and Desires for Privacy". The New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  98. ^ Wong, Curtis (July 23, 2012). "Sally Ride, First American Woman In Space, Revealed To Have Female Partner Of 27 Years". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  99. ^ Adams Sheets, Connor (July 23, 2012). "Tam O'Shaughnessy: About Sally Ride's Partner Of 27 Years". The International Business Times. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  100. ^ Giorgis, Cyndi; Johnson, Nancy J. (March 1, 2009). "Talking with Sally Ride and Tam O'Shaughnessy". American Library Association. Sally Ride Science. Archived from the original on May 16, 2013. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
  101. ^ Joe Garofoli (2012-07-25). "Sally Ride 'never hid,' just private". SFGate. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  102. ^ Krone, Mark (October 10, 2013). "Boston Mayor's Race: Then and Now". Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  103. ^ "Former minister is HIV positive". BBC News Online. 30 January 2005. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
  104. ^ "Reconstructionist Judaism Today". My Jewish Learning. 2002-01-18. Archived from the original on 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  105. ^ Patrick Califia, "Raising Cane", Out, August 1999, Vol. 8, No. 2, p.32
  106. ^ "Seventy five years of British television: The Mirror looks back at the key moments". The Mirror. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  107. ^ Shales, Tom; Miller, James Andrew (2002), Live from New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live, Back Bay, p. 316, ISBN 0-316-73565-5
  108. ^ Gavzer, Bernard, "What is a Family?", Parade Magazine, 1992
  109. ^ gay rights timeline. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  110. ^ Lani Kaahumanu. "OUT & OUTRAGED" (PDF).
  111. ^ Dana Evan Kaplan Contemporary American Judaism: transformation and renewal Columbia University Press, 2009 ISBN 0231137281, p. 255
  112. ^ Our Roots. Shir Tikvah. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  113. ^ Steve Brandt, "Electors Prepare to Cast Votes that Count". Minneapolis Star Tribune, November 10, 1988
  114. ^ Gessner, John (August 4, 2001). "Studying Gay Homicide is Firefighter's New Pursuit" (PDF). Burnsville This Week.
  115. ^ "Iperbole – Storia Amministrativa". 1995-04-23. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
  116. ^ a b "All About BiNet USA including the Fine Print". BiNet USA. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  117. ^ Summers, Claude J. (2009-10-20). "BiNet USA". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture. glbtq, Inc. Archived from the original on 2014-02-20.
  118. ^ "Maine GayNet – Dale McCormick finds job as Treasurer challenging, rewarding". 1998-01-20. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  119. ^ Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia – Google Books. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  120. ^ Fox Plans Sapphic Smooch for Party of Five ... Steve O'Donnell of Lateline Lets It All Out | The New York Observer Archived 2011-06-16 at the Wayback Machine. (1999-01-31). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  121. ^ Erhardt, Virginia (2007). Head over heels: wives who stay with cross-dressers and transsexuals. Haworth Press. p. 11. ISBN 9780789030948.
  122. ^ Eleanor J. Brader, "Trans Health Care Reform: It's About Life and Death." Conducive August/September 2009.
  123. ^ a b Jarvie, Jenny (2007-09-16). "The Nation; Transitioning into new jobs, genders; At the first transgender career expo, men and women meet companies that accept them for who they are becoming". Los Angeles Times. p. A.18. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  124. ^ Federation of Film Societies (2001). Film ... the magazine of the Federation of Film Societies. British Federation of Film Societies. p. 27.
  125. ^ a b "Social sciences – Elected Officials". glbtq. 2006-11-13. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  126. ^ Dyke March: The Next Wave. The Gully. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  127. ^ New England's largest GLBT newspaper Archived 2011-06-12 at Bay Windows. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  128. ^ Lancaster, Cory, (June 26, 1994), "Out of the Closet and Into Judicial Chambers", Orlando Sentinel. (and hyperlink the article to
  129. ^ "Roberta Achtenberg biography, birth date, birth place and pictures". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  130. ^ a b Cagle, Jess (December 10, 1993). "Trend: Gay stand-up comedians". Entertainment Weekly. Time Warner. Retrieved 2011-06-28.
  131. ^ Monique Roffey (2 November 1994). "When Anna and Beth kissed Margaret: Anna Friel plays Brookside's lesbian pin-up. Monique Roffey met her". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  132. ^ Lavilla, S. (1998, Jul 09). A growing show of pride: Record asian american presence at parade reflects a growing acceptance. Asianweek Retrieved from
  133. ^ Peter, O'Shea. "Out of the field". The Advocate. Here Publishing. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
  134. ^ McKenzie, Sheena. "World's first gay rugby club 20 years on". Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  135. ^ "Powered by Google Docs". Retrieved 2012-04-12.
  136. ^ Getting Hitched: Lesbian Weddings in Film and TV | TV Show Recaps, Celebrity Interviews & News About & For Gay, Lesbian & Bisexual Women. (2008-08-18). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  137. ^ Keen, Lisa (2016-07-21). "The Bay Area Reporter Online | Tension between gays and GOP shrouds convention". Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  138. ^ Ellen DeGeneres: Reluctant Lesbian Icon. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  139. ^ Ellen DeGeneres: Reluctant Lesbian Icon (page 2). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  140. ^ "Goodbye Brokeback". BBC News. 27 January 2006. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
  141. ^ Siadate, Nazly (2012-08-23). "Americas Six Out Bisexual Elected State Officials". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  142. ^ "Matt & Andrej Koymasky – Famous GLTB – Evelyn C. Mantilla". 2004-08-04. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  143. ^ "Mexican gays poised to make demands for change". CNN interactive. 27 July 1997. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
  144. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (October 3, 2013). "Newly wed Arlington official Fisette buoyed by challenge to same-sex marriage amendment". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  145. ^ "The 8 LGBTI artists who made Eurovision what it is today". Gay Star News. 2015-05-17. Retrieved 2015-07-15.[permanent dead link]
  146. ^ "PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays". Archived from the original on 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  147. ^ "PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays". Archived from the original on 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  148. ^ "Baldwin breaks barrier, becomes first openly lesbian House member". CNN.
  149. ^ NOW Calls Lesbian Rights Supporters to Unite in Strategy Archived 2010-02-15 at the Wayback Machine. (1999-02-04). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  150. ^ "Counseling and Wellness Services – Safezone Symbols". 1998-12-05. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  151. ^ "Coronation Street says goodbye to its first transgender character ·". 2014-01-21. Archived from the original on 2014-07-27. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  152. ^ "BiNet USA". BiNet USA. Retrieved 2015-10-30.
  153. ^ "BiNet USA". BiNet USA. 1990-06-23. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  154. ^ Goldberg, Carey (2000-07-02). "In Vermont, Gay Couples Head for the Almost-Altar". The New York Times.
  155. ^ Nate White. "Why Hillary's experience argument actually does check out – Medium". Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
  156. ^ "Famous Firsts by Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Americans (Government, Law, Literature, Sports)". Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  157. ^ "Psychiatric tests for anti-gay attacker". BBC News. 2002-10-07. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  158. ^ "Richard and Judy's memorable moments". BBC News. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  159. ^ "Richard and Judy screen gay wedding". BBC News. 14 February 2001. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  160. ^ [1][dead link]
  161. ^ "National LGBT Veterans Memorial". nlgbtvm. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  162. ^ "World's first legally wed lesbian couple celebrates their 10th wedding anniversary". NewsComAu. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  163. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Kok: Fortuyn had verkiezingen gewonnen
  164. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Pim Fortuyn zou zelf premier zijn geworden
  165. ^ "PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays". 2013-06-09. Archived from the original on 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  166. ^ a b "Rabbi Margaret Moers Wenig, D.D." Archived from the original on June 23, 2013. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
  167. ^ "'We are homosecxuals! We love you!'". Teipei Times. 2 November 2003. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  168. ^ "Gay pride parade set for Kaohsiung". 2011-09-20. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  169. ^ "Transgender Jews Now Out of Closet, Seeking Communal Recognition –". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  170. ^ "Mosaic: The Reform Movement on LGBT Issues". Archived from the original on 2007-05-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  171. ^ "Rabbi Zellman". Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  172. ^ "Professor Jennifer Finney Boylan (Maine) (May 2011 – Present)". GLAAD. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  173. ^ Post reply. "30 years of Stonewall: The fight for LGBT rights". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
  174. ^ Brandt, Jaclyn (February 24, 2012). "Senator Nicole LeFavour announces she will not be seeking re-election". Nampa, Idaho: KIVI-TV. Archived from the original on February 27, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  175. ^ "'V' is for Victory, Valentine and Vagina". Baltimore Gay Life. 2012-02-02. Archived from the original on 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  176. ^ "Lesbian couple wedded at SF City Hall Women had been together for five decades". The San Francisco Chronicle. February 13, 2004. Archived from the original on May 21, 2008.
  177. ^ SF Mayor Gavin Newsom Risks Career on Gay Marriage. Newsweek (2009-01-17). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  178. ^ "Prop 8 proponents seek to nullify same-sex marriages". CNN. 2008-12-19.
  179. ^ "gaypeopleschronicle". Retrieved May 16, 2012.[dead link]
  180. ^ JESSE McKINLEY (June 16, 2008). "Gay Marriages Begin in California". The New York Times.
  181. ^ Editorial | Maine was asking the wrong people Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine. (2009-11-09). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  182. ^ California's top court upholds Prop. 8 ban on same-sex marriage. (2009-05-27). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  183. ^ Gordon, Rachel (2008-08-28). "Same-sex Marriage Timeline". The San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11.
  184. ^ "Same-sex marriage in Massachusetts, 4 years later". CNN. 2008-06-16.
  185. ^ Top 10 Straight Advocates for Gay and Transgender Rights Celebrate Coming Out Day Archived 2013-10-21 at the Wayback Machine. HRC. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  186. ^ "First Same-Sex Marriages Performed In Portland". KOMO News. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
  187. ^ Emerald, Daily. "Multnomah Co. issues gay-marriage licenses | Emerald Media". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  188. ^ "Same sex couples who find marriage sacred aren't satisfied with civil unions". The Oregonian. 2011-07-02.
  189. ^ "blogout". Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  190. ^ a b "James McGreevey – AEI Speakers Bureau". Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  191. ^ "Meet the first gay Nigerian to come out on TV". CNN. 2014-01-16. Archived from the original on 2014-01-21.
  192. ^ Alter, Alexandra (2015-06-07). "Transgender Children's Books Fill a Void and Break a Taboo". The New York Times.
  193. ^ "About the San Francisco Trans March | San Francisco Trans March". 2004-06-25. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  194. ^ Ian Herbert (3 February 2005). "Liverpool courts pink pound as new gay wedding capital". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  195. ^ "Liverpool is capital for gay wedding ceremonies". Liverpool Echo. 2 February 2005. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  196. ^ Alex Ward (2013-07-01). "Study finds the Simpsons has encouraged gay men to 'come out' with its sympathetic attitude to same sex couples | Mail Online". London: Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  197. ^ "TransGender Europe -". Archived from the original on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  198. ^ Scupham, Tony (2016-04-26). "The Queerstory Files: A Feast of Firsts for Passover". Retrieved 2017-06-29.
  199. ^ "ALEPH Rabbinic Program SENIORS". Retrieved 2017-06-29.
  200. ^ Zeigler, Cyd (June 18, 2006). "Andrew Goldstein Openly Tending Goal For Major League Lacrosse". Outsports. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  201. ^ "Andrew Goldstein – MLL". Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  202. ^ "Hawaiian Becomes Highest-Elected Transgender Official". Fox News. Associated Press. 16 November 2006. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2009.
  203. ^ "Transgender Jews Now Out of Closet, Seeking Communal Recognition –". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  204. ^ Garcia, Michelle. "Check Here for Updates on LGBT Races to Watch". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  205. ^ "Patricia Todd, Alabama's first openly gay state legislator, coming to Huntsville to talk Supreme Court gay marriage rulings |". 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  206. ^ "First sex-swap mayor is sworn in". BBC News. 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
  207. ^ SF Police Commission Makes History archived on May 29, 2007 from the original, KCBS, May 10, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
  208. ^ Delgado, Ray (2003-04-04). "PROFILE / Theresa Sparks / Transgender San Franciscan makes history as Woman of the Year". Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  209. ^ Axelrod, Toby (1999-11-30). "New Renewal cantor looks ahead". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  210. ^ a b Brownworth, Victoria A. (October 18, 2007). "October Surprises". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
  211. ^ a b "I Advocate ...". The Advocate. Issue #1024. March 2009. p. 80.
  212. ^ a b "Transsexual beauty makes TV history". March 13, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
  213. ^ "Through the Door of Life: A Jewish Journey between Genders (Living Out: Gay and Lesbian Autobiog): Joy Ladin: 9780299287306: Books". 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  214. ^ "Performance & Guest Speakers". Archived from the original on 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  215. ^ "Lễ kết hôn đồng giới tại Hà Nội" (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 2008-02-19. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
  216. ^ "Ellen DeGeneres hosts the 79th Academy Awards as the first openly gay woman". 2012-02-25. Archived from the original on 2013-03-02. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  217. ^ "WeHo News – News". Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  218. ^ Congrats to Rachel Maddow; Knock 'em Dead Tonight! Archived 2009-11-07 at the Wayback Machine Lesbiatopia, 8 September 2008
  219. ^ a b Briffa to march in mayoral robes, Star Observer, 8 December 2011
  220. ^ a b "Intersex Mayor Elected in Australia",, 9 December 2011
  221. ^ a b "Tony Briffa Of Australia's City Of Hobsons Bay Becomes World's First Intersex Mayor",, 10 December 2011
  222. ^ a b "World's first intersex mayor, Cr Tony Briffa does not want to be called he or she", Herald Sun, 15 April 2013
  223. ^ "Stu Rasmussen for Mayor – Reality Check". Archived from the original on 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  224. ^ "US election diary: The sex change we can all believe in – Americas – World". The Independent. London. 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  225. ^ Spellman, Jim (April 22, 2009). "Transgender murder, hate crime conviction a first". CNN. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  226. ^ "House Subcommittee Holds First Hearing on Transgender Discrimination – The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights". 2008-02-07. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  227. ^ "Same-sex marriage opponents' ranks dwindle". The San Francisco Chronicle. 2008-08-23.
  228. ^ 'Step By Step' – Hartford Courant. (2009-11-13). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  229. ^ Bye, Beth | The Connecticut Mirror Archived 2013-03-30 at the Wayback Machine. (2009-07-01). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  230. ^ Mail on Sunday reporter (27 September 2008). "Labour MP becomes first female politician to 'wed' in civil partnership ceremony". London: Daily Mail online. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
  231. ^ Salmon, Ben. "Walking Bi | Queer". Portland Mercury. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  232. ^ "Kate Brown". OutHistory. Archived from the original on 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  233. ^ Walsh, Edward (2008-11-05). "Democrats sweep to capture statewide jobs". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
  234. ^ Bajko, Matthew S. "The Bay Area Reporter Online | Political Notebook: Bisexual, lesbian politicians stump in SF". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  235. ^ "Deborah Penny becomes first transgender soldier on the front line in Army history – Daily Mail Online". Mail Online. London. 2014-08-20. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  236. ^ Stobart, Janet (2009-05-02). "Britain names first woman as poet laureate". Los Angeles Times.
  237. ^ La noticia del casamiento de Alex y José María recorrió el mundo, 29 December 2009
  238. ^ Wales and Lions full-back Gareth Thomas discloses he is homosexual The Telegraph, 18 December 2009
  239. ^ "Texas-sized first: Newly-elected Annise Parker hailed for being first openly gay mayor of Houston". Daily News. New York. 2009-12-14.
  240. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (2008-12-18). "HRC Applauds Naming of Diego Sanchez to Key Legislative Staff Position for Chairman Barney Frank". EDGE Boston. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  241. ^ Yager, Jordy (2009-03-10). "'I was not a pretty girl, and I felt like I was a man'". Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  242. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (2008-03-31). "First Black Transsexual Delegate Headed to Dems' Convention". EDGE Boston. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  243. ^ "Trailblazing Transgender Rights Advocate Babs Siperstein Tapped as Hudson Pride Parade Grand Marshal". The Jersey City Independent. 2011-08-17. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  244. ^ "Indian gay marriage law takes effect in Oregon". Oregon Faith Report. 2009-05-27. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  245. ^ "Religion in the News | Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  246. ^ Richburg, Keith B. (2009-04-04). "Iowa Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage". The Washington Post.
  247. ^ Schulte, Grant (2009-04-27). "First same-sex marriage license issued in Iowa". USA Today.
  248. ^ "Vermont becomes 4th U.S. state to allow gay marriage". Reuters. 2009-04-07.
  249. ^ "Soap features daytime TV's first lesbian wedding". 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  250. ^ Bagby, Dyana (March 17, 2010). "Georgia lesbian lawmaker brings power to the people from within the Gold Dome". The Georgia Voice. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
  251. ^ "Trans Client Testifies at ENDA Hearing". Lambda Legal. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  252. ^ "H.R. 3017, Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2009: Vandy Beth Glenn". September 23, 2009. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  253. ^ "Amy Andre to head San Francisco Pride".
  254. ^ "SF Pride at 40 | Oakland Local". Archived from the original on 2013-07-06. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  255. ^ Adrienne Williams, October 19, 2009. Interview with Amy Andre: New Bisexual Executive Director of SF Pride[permanent dead link], BiSocial Network.
  256. ^ "First Timers Club". 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
  257. ^ Yermi Brenner (2009). Gay Rabbi Comes Out of His Orthodox Closet. VJ Movement. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
  258. ^ Nissan Strauchler (February 16, 2010). "Gay with perfect faith". Ynetnews. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
  259. ^ "First Married Man to Give Birth", Guinness World Records 2010 edition, page 110"
  260. ^ "Amanda Simpson, First Transgender Presidential Appointee, Begins Work at Commerce Department – ABC News". 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  261. ^ "First transgender athlete to play in NCAA basketball – CNN". 2010-11-03. Archived from the original on 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  262. ^ "LGBT History Month: Kye Allums, first openly transgender NCAA athlete – LGBTQ Nation". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  263. ^ White, Joseph (November 4, 2010). "Ex-Centennial star deals with transgender publicity". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2010-11-05.[permanent dead link]
  264. ^ Wienerbronner, Danielle (2010-11-02). "Kye Allums, Transgender George Washington University Basketball Player, Takes The Court". Retrieved 2012-05-15.
  265. ^ Wright, John (November 17, 2010). "Phyllis Frye becomes Texas' 1st trans judge". Dallas Voice. Archived from the original on October 13, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
  266. ^ a b Connelly, Richard (November 18, 2011). "Phyllis Frye: Annise Parker Appoints Houston's First Transgender Judge (That We Know Of)". Houston Press. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
  267. ^ McDonald, Sally (November 17, 2010). "Judge Appointment Angers Pastors: First transgender judge in Texas". FOX 26 TV News. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
  268. ^ Episcopal Church consecrates first openly lesbian bishop – CNN Archived 2012-07-12 at the Wayback Machine. (2010-05-15). Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  269. ^ VIDEO: Minneapolis Lutheran church welcomes denomination's first lesbian pastor | San Diego Gay and Lesbian News. San Diego Gay and Lesbian News. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  270. ^ "Same-sex couples in D.C. say 'I do'". CNN. 2010-03-09.
  271. ^ "Glebe Minyan – Ottawa, Ontario – Synagogue". Facebook. 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2015-04-10.
  272. ^ Viv Groskop (1 July 2010). "Transgender teens: girls will be boys". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  273. ^ Daniel Kilkelly (9 August 2011). "Jonny Clarke – 'Hollyoaks' Bart McQueen". Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  274. ^ "'Could I convince them I'm a boy?'". The Stage. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  275. ^ Hélène Mulholland (21 September 2010). "Liberal Democrats back same-sex marriage motion". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  276. ^ Ring, Trudy (2013-05-24). "Obama Nominates Lesbian Attorney for Second EEOC Term". Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  277. ^ a b "Lori Lightfoot elected Chicago mayor, will be 1st black woman and 1st openly gay person to hold post". Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  278. ^ By Editors (2011-03-25). "Cal GOP Elects Gay Board Member". Retrieved 2017-06-23.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  279. ^ Gardner, Steven (August 1, 2011). "Suquamish Tribe approves same-sex marriage". Kitsap Sun. Archived from the original on August 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-02.
  280. ^ "International News | World News – ABC News". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  281. ^ Contributors, Advocate (2011-12-28). "14 Reasons That Made 2011 Great for Trans People". Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  282. ^ "14 Reasons That Made 2011 Great for Trans People". 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  283. ^ Wong, Curtis (2011-06-20). "Nepal Lesbian Wedding: U.S. Couple Weds In Nation's First Public Same-Sex Ceremony". Huffington Post.
  284. ^ Flock, Elizabeth (2011-07-25). "First gay marriage in New York under rainbow-colored Niagara Falls". The Washington Post.
  285. ^ Jenkins, Sally (2011-06-27). "N.Y. Gov. Cuomo seen as getting political boost from gay marriage bill". The Washington Post.
  286. ^ Patrick Barkham (29 March 2011). "Anton Hysén: 'Anyone afraid of coming out should give me a call'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
  287. ^ Stephen Gray (11 November 2011). "Liverpool unveils gay street signs". Pink News. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  288. ^ Amy Stone (Summer 2011). "Out and Ordained" (PDF). Lilith. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  289. ^ "West Point chapel hosts first same-sex marriage | Detroit Free Press". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  290. ^ "Public embrace between two female sailors from California is being hailed as the kiss heard around the world by activists". Los Angeles Times. 2011-12-22. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  291. ^ "Sealed with a (lesbian) kiss: Gay sailors share Navy's traditional homecoming embrace as ship returns". Daily Mail. London. 2011-12-21.
  292. ^ Michelson, Noah (2011-10-03). "NYC Fire Department Hires First Transgender FDNY Firefighter". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  293. ^ "Miss Kansas Bares Tattoos and 6 Other Memorable Miss America Moments |". 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  294. ^ Pete Smith. "Jaiyah Saelua: interview with the world's first transgender football international - Football -". the Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  295. ^ "UN Human Rights Council". 17 June 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
  296. ^ Jordans, Frank (2011-05-17). "UN group backs gay rights for the 1st time ever". Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-05-17.
  297. ^ "Fred Karger, gay Republican, for president". Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  298. ^ Diane Anderson-Minshall (September 23, 2011). "The Biggest Bisexual News Stories of 2011".
  299. ^ "Katie Ricks: Presbyterians Ordain Their First Out Lesbian". Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  300. ^ Garcia, Michelle (2012-09-18). "11 Firsts After The Repeal of DADT". Archived from the original on 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  301. ^ Garcia, Michelle (2012-09-18). "11 Firsts After The Repeal of DADT". Archived from the original on 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  302. ^ Alan Weston (15 May 2012). "Liverpool supports IDAHO – the international day of action against homophobia". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  303. ^ "Liverpool Church hosts first religious Civil Partnership". Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
  304. ^ "Liverpool FC to march in city Pride parade". Pink News. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  305. ^ "Lesbian Becomes Highest Ranking Out Military Officer – Poliglot". 2012-08-10. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  306. ^ Roberts, Monica (2012-06-12). "TransGriot: Kylar's US Senate ENDA Hearing Testimony". Retrieved 2012-08-04.
  307. ^ a b Bolcer, Julie (2012-06-12). "With Senate Hearing, Hope for a Jumpstart on ENDA". Retrieved 2012-08-04.
  308. ^ Lavers, Michael K. (2012-08-03). "EXCLUSIVE: D.C. Office of Human Rights to launch anti-transgender discrimination campaign : Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  309. ^ "Taiwan gets its first same-sex Buddhist wedding". Hindustan Times. 2012-08-11. Archived from the original on 2013-10-10. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  310. ^ Harris, Paul (July 11, 2012). "Lesbian Super Pac to spend big in fight for gay and women's rights". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  311. ^ Schultheis, Emily (July 11, 2012). "Pro-lesbian super PAC debuts". Politico. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  312. ^ Camia, Catalina (July 11, 2012). "Lesbian PAC launches to boost clout of women". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  313. ^ "Feminist Daily News 7/12/2012: First Lesbian Super PAC Launched". Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  314. ^ "Tammy Baldwin is elected the first openly gay senator – Yahoo! News". 2012-11-06. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  315. ^ Jeremy Duda (2012-11-12). "Kyrsten Sinema wins Arizona's 9th Congressional seat | Arizona Capitol Times". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  316. ^ a b BOB CHRISTIE (November 12, 2012). "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema beats GOP's Vernon Parker in Arizona's 9th Congressional District". Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  317. ^ "New Hampshire Elects Nation's First Out Trans Lawmaker". 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  318. ^ "Californian city plans to provide transgender surgeries". Retrieved November 9, 2012.[dead link]
  319. ^ a b "Gay Politics – Victory Fund celebrates huge night for gay candidates". 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  320. ^ Bolcer, Julie (2012-11-07). "Openly Gay Congressional Winner Makes History in New York". Archived from the original on 2013-09-05. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  321. ^ "Josh Boschee North Dakota's first gay legislator | WDAY | Fargo, ND". WDAY. 2012-11-07. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  322. ^ "West Virginia elects first openly gay state legislator – LGBTQ Nation". Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  323. ^ "Capitol Report | New Mexico " Jacob Candelaria Jacob Candelaria " Capitol Report | New Mexico". Archived from the original on 2016-02-09. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  324. ^ "Pennsylvania to get first openly gay lawmaker – LGBTQ Nation". Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  325. ^ "Republican Pa. lawmaker announces he's gay". 2012-12-02. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  326. ^ Campbell, Janie (2012-08-15). "David Richardson Elected Florida's First Openly Gay State Legislator In Miami-Dade". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  327. ^ Moreno, Ivan (2012-11-09). "Colo. Democrats pick state's 1st gay House speaker". Archived from the original on 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  328. ^ Corte, Rachel La. "Washington voters approve gay marriage | Local News". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  329. ^ "Gay Marry Maine". 2012-11-06. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  330. ^ a b "West Point chapel hosts its first same-sex wedding". Archived from the original on August 23, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  331. ^ David Small (2012-12-01). "First Gay Weddings Held at West Point | OutServe Magazine". Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  332. ^ Gilchrist, Tracy E. (8 April 2012). "SNL's First Out Lesbian Featured Player Kate McKinnon Makes Splash with Penelope Cruz Pantene Sketch". SheWired. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
  333. ^ Danitra Vance's sexual orientation was not revealed until her death in 1994.
  334. ^ a b Singer, Paul. "Lifestyles | Detroit Free Press". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  335. ^ "Gay Marine proposes in the White House – RT USA". 2012-12-18. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  336. ^ "Story – Life". Ottawa Citizen. 2011-03-02. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  337. ^ "Marlene Pray Becomes First Openly Bisexual Office Holder In PA – Amplify". 2012-01-04. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  338. ^ "Marlene Pray resigns from Doylestown Council – Doylestown". 2013-03-19. Archived from the original on 2013-06-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  339. ^ "OUTmusic Awards The Biggest Night of the LGBT Music Industry". Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  340. ^ "Yes!! I Am A Lesbian". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  341. ^ Johnson, Chris (2013-08-19). "Christie signs law barring 'ex-gay' conversion therapy – Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source : Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source". Washington Blade. Archived from the original on 2013-08-23. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  342. ^ Pappas, Stephanie (2013-08-19). "Gay Conversion Therapy: What You Should Know – Yahoo! News". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  343. ^ "Interview with First Openly Gay Boxer Orlando Cruz – SPIEGEL ONLINE". 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  344. ^ "Berkeley becomes first US city to declare Bisexual Pride Day, support 'marginalized' group". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-09-19.[dead link]
  345. ^ "Berkeley Lawmakers Recognize Bisexual Pride Day". Mercury News. Associated Press. September 18, 2012. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012.
  346. ^ "Emily Aviva Kapor: Creating a Jewish Community for Trans Women". The Forward. July 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
  347. ^ "About us". Rainbow Jews. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  348. ^ "Trove of Jewish LGBT history goes on display in U.K." 12 February 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  349. ^ "N.J. Lawsuit Alleges JONAH Gay Conversion Therapy Fraud – ABC News". 2012-11-27. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  350. ^ "SPLC files groundbreaking lawsuit accusing conversion therapy organization of fraud". Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  351. ^ ""ParaNorman" Screenwriter/Co-Director Chris Butler on Writing the First Gay Character in a Mainstream Animated Film -". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  352. ^ "Parent Guide for "ParaNorman" On Home Video". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  353. ^ a b Amandine Scherrer (2012-02-14). "The Bisexuality Report is now available – News – Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance (CCIG) – Open University". Retrieved 2015-08-05.
  354. ^ a b "Unilab dá posse à primeira professora travesti do Brasil". December 9, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  355. ^ Blair, Kevin (2012-05-23). "Adam Lambert's 'Trespassing' Is First Album From An Openly Gay Male Artist To Top The Billboard Charts". Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  356. ^ "Luxembourg to become first country to have gay prime minister and gay deputy PM – PinkNews · PinkNews". 2013-11-14. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  357. ^ "Obama Makes History By Citing Gay Rights in an Inaugural Address – ABC News". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  358. ^ "California Native American Tribe Announces Support of Same Sex Marriage: Santa Ysabel Tribe First in California to Make Proclamation". Rock Hill Herald Online. 2013-06-24. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
  359. ^ "Pokagon Band Of Potawatomi Indians Marriage Code" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  360. ^ "West Michigan couple have first same-sex wedding in Pokagon Tribal Court". WWMT Newschannel 3. 2013-06-21. Archived from the original on 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
  361. ^ "Colvilles recognize same sex marriage". 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  362. ^ Rudolph, Christopher (March 15, 2013). "Michigan Native American Tribe Recognizes Same-Sex Marriage". The Advocate. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
  363. ^ "Gay couples get hitched in Minnesota, Rhode Island". Yahoo News. August 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
  364. ^ "Chris Anderson embodies 30 years of progress: Chattanooga's first gay councilman sworn in today". 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  365. ^ "Gay Politics—Gay man elected to Chattanooga, Tenn. City Council". 2013-03-05. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  366. ^ Harrison, James (2012-09-04). "Chris Anderson first openly gay candidate in Chattanooga history". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  367. ^ "Rep. Mark Pocan's Husband Granted Congressional Spousal ID". Lez Get Real. 2013-05-10. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  368. ^ a b Wing, Nicholas (2013-05-10). "Mark Pocan, Gay Democratic Congressman, Secures Congressional ID Card For Spouse". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  369. ^ Chris Geidner. "Pentagon Recognizes Transgender Veteran, Advocates See A "Shift"". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  370. ^ "VA Grants First Burial Rights For Same-Sex Couple – ABC News". 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  371. ^ "Historic lesbian kiss occurs at Eurovision Song Contest". Gay Star News. 2013-05-16. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  372. ^ "ABC News Producer Don Ennis Is Now Dawn Ennis, Comes Out As Transgender – BuzzFeed News". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  373. ^ "ABC News producer comes out as transgender". GLAAD. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  374. ^ Palmeri, Tara (2013-08-06). "I'm a guy again! ABC newsman who switched genders wants to switch back | New York Post". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  375. ^ / Dawn Stacey Ennis (2014-07-09). "As I was saying..." Life After Dawn. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  376. ^ "ABC Fired Transgender Employee Dawn Ennis". NYMag. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  377. ^ Jillian Page; Montreal Gazette (2014-06-17). "Dawn Ennis makes statement: 'Media reports are inaccurate'". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  378. ^ "The Advocate's News Editor on Bruce Jenner, Her Own Transition". 2015-04-27.
  379. ^ Cannes, Lexie (2015-04-20). "Trans woman lands news editor gig at The Advocate | LEXIE CANNES STATE OF TRANS". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  380. ^ Chibbaro, Lou (2013-05-21). "Gay DC psychiatrist Saul Levin named head of APA | LGBT News : Washington Blade – America's Leading Gay News Source". Archived from the original on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  381. ^ "BBC News – Ukraine stages first gay pride march". 2013-05-25. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  382. ^ "Robbie Rogers becomes 1st openly gay man in U.S. pro soccer". 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  383. ^ "Muslim lesbian couple defy death threats to tie the knot in civil ceremony". Birmingham Mail. 2013-05-26. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  384. ^ Hunt, Loretta (March 7, 2013). "How Fallon Fox became the first known transgender athlete in MMA". Time Inc. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
  385. ^ "Benedictine College basketball player Jallen Messersmith announces he's gay – ESPN". 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  386. ^ Raushenbush, Paul (2013-05-31). "Rev. Guy Erwin: First Openly Gay Lutheran Bishop Elected To ELCA Southwest California Synod". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  387. ^ Ehrenfreund, Max. "Activists celebrate France's first gay wedding amid mass protests". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  388. ^ "The Morning Pride: June 10, 2013". ThinkProgress. 2013-06-10. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  389. ^ a b "Bi Writers Association announces recipients of Bisexual Book Awards". GLAAD. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  390. ^ Autumn Sandeen (June 13, 2013). "What Kristin Beck's narrative means to trans open service". LGBT Weekly. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  391. ^ Ring, Trudy (2013-06-13). "First Out Lesbian Latina Confirmed to Federal Judgeship". Archived from the original on 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  392. ^ "First openly gay man conquers Mount Everest | San Diego Gay and Lesbian News". Archived from the original on 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  393. ^ "First out, gay man takes over as Acting Secretary of the U.S. Air Force – LGBTQ Nation". 2013-06-22. Archived from the original on 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  394. ^ Matthew, Jacobs (2013-06-26). "Directors Guild Of America Elects Paris Barclay First Black, Openly Gay President". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  395. ^ Reilly, Mollie (2013-06-29). "Gay Couple Receives Green Card After Supreme Court Ruling: DOMA Project". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  396. ^ Anderson, Diane (2013-07-04). "HISTORY MADE! First Same-Sex Spouse Granted Green Card". Archived from the original on 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  397. ^ "County Clerks Ready for Marriage License Rush". June 28, 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
  398. ^ James Legge (2013-06-30). "Tory MP Daniel Kawczynski comes out as bisexual – Home News – UK". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  399. ^ a b Gayapolis, Inc. (2013-07-01). "Gayapolis News – First Lesbian Union President Elected in Britain". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  400. ^ McKinley Jr, James C. (2013-06-30). "Stars align for a gay marriage anthem". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  401. ^ "First book with transgender theme makes it on CA schools reading list | Pass / Fail | 89.3 KPCC". 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  402. ^ "Liz Carmouche Wins Historic UFC Match Between Two Openly Gay Fighters – VIDEO| Gay News". Towleroad. Archived from the original on 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  403. ^ Reynolds, Daniel (2013-07-19). "Rural Region Elects Mexico's First Openly Gay Mayor". Archived from the original on 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  404. ^ Brandt, Evan (2013-07-29). "First Pa. same-sex couple to marry become reluctant focus of debate". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  405. ^ "Montco will not deny same-sex marriage licenses -". 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  406. ^ "Braddock Mayor Performs First Gay Marriage in Allegheny County – The 412 – August 2013". Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  407. ^ Wetzstein, Cheryl (August 12, 2013). "California enacts nation's first law protecting transgender students". Retrieved 2013-08-13.
  408. ^ "WWE superstar Darren Young comes out as gay – News | FOX Sports on MSN". 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  409. ^ "USAF lesbian couple first to receive 'Join Spouse' assignment – LGBTQ Nation". 2011-04-12. Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  410. ^ Solomon, Brian (2013-09-16). "Jennifer Pritzker Becomes First Transgender Billionaire". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  411. ^ "In Historic First, Bi Activists Gather at White House". September 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  412. ^ "White House to hold closed-door session on bisexual issues next month". August 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
  413. ^ "Ruth Bader Ginsburg becomes first SCOTUS member to officiate a gay wedding". 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  414. ^ "First South Korean Gay Couple To Publicly Wed Plans Challenge To Marriage Law – On Top Magazine | Gay news & entertainment". 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  415. ^ Post by Harvey Milk Foundation. (2013-10-10). "Harvey Milk To Be Honored With U.S. Postage Stamp". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  416. ^ Nichols, James (2013-10-15). "Carol McCrory And Brenda Clark, North Carolina Lesbian Couple, Apply For Marriage License Successfully". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  417. ^ "Andy Herren wins Big Brother, becomes first openly gay winner of CBS reality show | Voices". 2013-09-18. Archived from the original on 2014-02-19. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  418. ^ Wong, Curtis (2013-10-20). "Montenegro's First Gay Pride Parade Takes Place Under Heavy Security". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  419. ^ "GAYCURAÇAO.COM – We live and let live!". Archived from the original on 2013-10-23. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  420. ^ "First Indo-American lesbian wedding made guests cry". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  421. ^ "That's a first, Indian bride marries American bride | First Indo-American Lesbian Marriage | Indo-American Lesbian Couple | Lesbian Wedding | Shannon And Seema | Wedding Photographer Steph Grant". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  422. ^ a b Ring, Trudy (2013-09-13). "First Televised Romanian Same-Sex Wedding Gets High Ratings". Archived from the original on 2013-10-26. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  423. ^ Nichols, James (2013-10-16). "Portland Trailblazers Back Gay Marriage, Becoming First NBA Team To Do So". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  424. ^ Greg Hernandez (2013-10-17). "Portland Trail Blazers become first NBA team to endorse gay marriage". Gay Star News. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  425. ^ "Todd Hughes, first openly gay U.S. circuit judge confirmed by Senate". 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  426. ^ a b c "Paper Chase: UN holds first ministerial meeting on gay rights". JURIST. 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  427. ^ Rawlings, Nate (2013-10-21). "New Jersey Couples Celebrate the State's First Gay Marriages |". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  428. ^ a b JTA. "Reconstructionists Pick First Woman, Lesbian As Denominational Leader". The Jewish Week. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  429. ^ "Trailblazing Reconstructionist Deborah Waxman Relishes Challenges of Judaism –". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  430. ^ "RRC Announces New President Elect" (PDF). Reconstructionist Rabbinical College. October 9, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  431. ^ a b Bowater, Donna (2013-09-27). "Six-year-old becomes first transgender child in Argentina to change identity". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  432. ^ Tasneem Nashrulla (2013-10-04). "India Gets Its First Radio Station For The LGBT Community". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  433. ^ Reynolds, Daniel (2013-11-08). "GLAAD Appoints First Transgender Cochair". Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  434. ^ Roberts, Scott (1 November 2013). "Harriet Harman and John Prescott heap praise on Paris Lees in Question Time debut". Pink News. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  435. ^ "Transition game: America's first publicly out transgender high school coach is opening minds in the conservative rural town of Glocester, R.I." Outsports. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  436. ^ "Former UKIP MEP reveals she is the UK's first transgender Parliamentarian ·". 2013-11-17. Archived from the original on 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  437. ^ Kevin Fagan (2013-10-07). "S.F. tackles dual challenge – being homeless and gay". SFGate. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
  438. ^ "Former UK Army soldier becomes Britain's first transgender Muslim – News – World – The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video". The Voice of Russia. 2013-09-05. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  439. ^ "Reform Cantors Conference Installs First Openly Gay President". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  440. ^ Trans News Editors (11 May 2013). "Neurobiologist Becomes First Transgender Scientist Selected For U.S. National Academy of Science Membership". Transnews. Trans Media Network. Retrieved 11 October 2014.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  441. ^ a b "Canadian First: Trans Person Elected President of a Union Local".
  442. ^ "Professor Marcus Speaks at Harvard Law School – Indiana Tech Law School : Indiana Tech Law School". Archived from the original on 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  443. ^ Advocate Contributors (2015-03-04). "Op-ed: How We're Asking the Supreme Court to End Bi Erasure". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  444. ^ "Rose Parade Sees First Gay Wedding". Time. 2014-01-02. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  445. ^ Andrew Potts (2014-04-10). "First overseas same-sex marriage legally recognized in Italy". Gay Star News. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  446. ^ Greg Hernandez (2014-01-23). "Neil Patrick Harris first openly gay man chosen as Hasty Pudding Man of the Year by Harvard theater group". Gay Star News. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
  447. ^ Meghan DeMaria (2014-04-04). "Berlin opens world's first lesbian-only cemetery". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  448. ^ "Lesbians' baby baptized by Catholic Church in Argentina -". CNN. 2014-04-07.
  449. ^ "First Active College Football Player to Come Out: Willamette U's Conner Mertens | Out Magazine". 2014-01-28. Archived from the original on 2014-04-30. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  450. ^ "Meghan Stabler Named First Transgender Working Mother of the Year". Archived from the original on 2015-10-19.
  451. ^ Hogan, Heather (2014-01-27). ""Good Luck Charlie" introduces Disney Channel's first lesbian characters". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  452. ^ Barnes, Dustin (2014-01-23). "Metro-State | The Clarion-Ledger". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  453. ^ Roberts, Monica. "TransGriot: Upcoming FTM Fitness World Conference". Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  454. ^ ""Bi the way, our health matters too!" – It's Bisexual Health Awareness Month!". GLAAD. 2014-03-03. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  455. ^ "Hear Hear Queen Elizabeth Makes First Gesture of Goodwill to the LGBT Community | Passport Magazine News". 2014-03-07. Archived from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  456. ^ "It's official: Toni Atkins elected speaker of the California Assembly". 2014-03-17. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  457. ^ Ned Resnikoff (2013-06-13). "Senate confirms first openly lesbian federal judge in Michigan". MSNBC. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  458. ^ Marie, Parker (2014-04-03). "Wisc. Man Becomes the State's First Trans Elected Official". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  459. ^ a b Ring, Trudy (2014-03-25). "Miss. Couple Creates First Record of Same-Sex Marriage". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  460. ^ Biskupic, Joan (2014-04-09). "Gay marriage first in Tenn.: Woman listed as father on birth certificate". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
  461. ^ Gleeson, Scott (2014-04-09). "UMass basketball player Gordon comes out as gay". USA Today.
  462. ^ Malnick, Edward (2014-04-12). "Church of England faces 'crisis' as gay priest weds". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  463. ^ Belson, Ken (2014-04-10). "In Historic Pick, Rams Take Michael Sam in Final Round of Draft". New York Times.
  464. ^ "World's first homoerotic stamps produced in Finland". BBC News. 17 April 2014
  465. ^ "Court indefinitely suspends overturn of gay marriage ban in Michigan – NY Daily News". 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  466. ^ DiBlasio, Natalie (2014-03-22). "First gay couple married in Michigan". USA Today.
  467. ^ Michael Winter (2014-05-16). "Ark. high court again suspends gay marriage". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  468. ^ "Arkansas issues state's first gay marriage license | Al Jazeera America". 2014-05-10. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  469. ^ "Gay marriage in Oregon: First couple exchanges vows in Multnomah County building". 2014-05-19. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  470. ^ Balding, Justin (2014-05-10). "U.S. Naval Academy Hosts First Same-Sex Wedding for Maryland Couple". NBC News. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  471. ^ "Costa Rica to offer medical benefits to same-sex couples – Chicago Tribune". Reuters. 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  472. ^ Hicks, Josh. "Group: VA awards survivor benefits to first-known gay war widow – The Washington Post". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  473. ^ Westcott, Lucy (2014-05-29). "Laverne Cox Is the First Transgender Person on the Cover of Time". The Wire. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  474. ^ Katy Steinmetz (2014-05-29). "The Transgender Tipping Point". TIME. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  475. ^ Myles Tanzer. "Laverne Cox Is On The Cover Of Time Magazine". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  476. ^ Senzee, Thom (2014-05-30). "Australian First: Both Lesbian Parents Named on Birth Certificate". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  477. ^ "Best Bi Short Stories: Bisexual Fiction: Jane Rule, Katherine V. Forrest, Sheela Lambert: 9781613900888: Books". 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  478. ^ "Cyprus' first gay pride parade in Nicosia draws thousands of marchers | South China Morning Post". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  479. ^ Gabriel, Trip (2014-05-21). "Pennsylvania Governor Won't Fight Ruling That Allows Gay Marriage". The New York Times.
  480. ^ "Insults, applause, ridiculousness, Peru's first openly gay congressman has seen it all". GlobalPost. 2014-05-25. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  481. ^ Ring, Trudy (2014-06-13). "Same-Sex Marriages End in Wisconsin, for Now". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  482. ^ O'Brien, Brendan (2014-06-07). "Federal judge strikes down Wisconsin ban on gay marriage". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  483. ^ "Same-sex marriage rulings: What the judges have said". The Washington Post. 2014-05-26. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  484. ^ "Court: Gay marriage must remain on hold in Idaho". AP. 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  485. ^ Price, Mark (2014-06-03). "Rabbis group joins N.C. same-sex marriage suit". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  486. ^ O'Loughlin, Michael (2014-06-06). "Rabbis Join Marriage Equality Fight". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  487. ^ "South Africa appoints first lesbian to cabinet", by David Smith, The Guardian, Monday 26 May 2014.
  488. ^ a b David Smith. "South Africa appoints first lesbian to cabinet | World news". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  489. ^ Senzee, Thom (2014-05-30). "South Africa Gets Its First Openly Gay Parliamentarian". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  490. ^ "A first for Puerto Rico as lesbian lawyer is nominated for a seat in Supreme Court". Gay Star News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  491. ^ "First Openly LGBT Judge Confirmed to Puerto Rico Supreme Court". Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  492. ^ Munzenrieder, Kyle (2014-06-17). "Darrin P. Gayles Becomes First Openly Gay Black Federal Judge | Miami New Times". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  493. ^ a b Cruz, Eliel (2014-06-21). "Organization is Helping Bisexuals Be Happily Embraced By God". Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  494. ^ Mitch Kellaway. "Duke Univ. Press Debuts Academic Journal for Transgender Studies". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  495. ^ "The Bay Area Reporter Online – Belgium appoints
    its first transgender MP"
    . Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  496. ^ a b c "Meet Nicola Pettit and Tania Ward, Britain's First Gay Jewish Marriage Partners". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  497. ^ a b Jorge Rodriguez-Jimenez. "California Assembly Speaker Becomes First Gay Governor For A Few Hours". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  498. ^ "2014 Primetime Emmy nominees". 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
  499. ^ "2014 Emmy Awards: 'Orange Is the New Black's' Laverne Cox Is First Transgender Nominee". 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
  500. ^ Gavin Gaughan. "Obituary: Angela Morley | Television & radio". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
  501. ^ "First gay UK couple marries in Vietnam". Gay Star News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  502. ^ Karin L Kross. "San Diego Comic-Con: The Diversity Conversation". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  503. ^ "Gay couple Gordon Stevenson and Peter Fraser marry in Australia under British law". NewsComAu. 2014-06-27. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  504. ^ "Jewish boat vying for spot in Amsterdam gay parade". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  505. ^ a b "Flamboyant First as Jewish Boat Floats in Amsterdam Gay Pride Canal Fest". The Jewish Daily Forward. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  506. ^ "Aboard Amsterdam's Jewish gay boat, activists warn against tolerating hate". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  507. ^ "Moroccan LGBT Boat Sails in Amsterdam Gay Pride Canal Parade". Morocco World News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  508. ^ Rossalyn Warren. "Cosmopolitan Has Launched Its First Ever Lesbian Sex Position Guide". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  509. ^ Daniel Reynolds. "Meet the First Openly Gay Eagle Scout". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  510. ^ "Beyond Chron – Trans Activist Vicki Marlane Honored With Street Name in Tenderloin – Beyond Chron". Beyond Chron. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  511. ^ Michelle Garcia. "UCC Becomes First Religious Sponsor Of Gay Games". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  512. ^ "Cleveland Foundation Awards $250,000 Grant to the 2014 Gay Games". The Cleveland Foundation. 2013-10-04. Archived from the original on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-06-29.
  513. ^ "At A.S.U., Division I Football Has First Openly Gay Player". The New York Times. 2014-08-13.
  514. ^ "Pasco teacher announces plan to change gender (w/video)". Tampa Bay Times. 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  515. ^ "Wall Street leaders welcome first openly gay CEO of a US bank Trevor Burgess". Gay Star News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  516. ^ San Francisco Police academy graduates first transgender officer | Archived 2014-08-19 at the Wayback Machine
  517. ^ Annie Hollenbeck. "40 Under 40: Chris Mosier Wants Trans People to Feel Comfortable Playing the Sport They Love". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  518. ^ News Release. "National Gay and Lesbian Sports Hall of Fame names 2014 Inductees". Archived from the original on 2014-06-02. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
  519. ^ Sherwin, Adam (2014-08-21). "BBC2 commissions Britain's first transgender sitcom Boy Meets Girl". The Independent. London. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  520. ^ "Newly crowned Rose of Tralee reveals she is gay". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  521. ^ Parker Marie Molloy. "Calif. Women's College Makes Trans-Inclusive History". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  522. ^ "BBC News – Chilean sailor makes history after announcing he is gay". BBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  523. ^ "Crowdfunding gives Pakistan its first anti-homophobia children's book". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  524. ^ "Hong Kong holds its first international symposium on LGBTI rights". Gay Star News. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  525. ^ "Italian court allows a child to be legally adopted by gay couple". Gay Star News. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  526. ^ Aron Heller (January 10, 2014). "Israel city unveils gay Holocaust victims memorial". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  527. ^ "U.S. Embassy in Budapest Supports 5th European Transgender Council Meeting". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  528. ^ "WATCH: First of 'Seven Sisters' Schools to Admit Trans Women". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  529. ^ "Conservative Judaism ordains first openly gay rabbi to lead synagogue in Israel". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  530. ^ "Israel's Conservative movement gets its first openly gay pulpit rabbi". 7 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  531. ^ "WATCH: Ore. Republican's Campaign Ad Makes Gay History". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  532. ^ "PHOTOS: Meet the First Trans Man to Win a Gay Games Gold in Powerlifting". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  533. ^ "WATCH: Meet Trailblazing Two-Spirit Performer ICEIS Rain". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  534. ^ "Sen. Ferlo makes it official:". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  535. ^ "Padmini Prakash is India's first transgender news anchor". Washington Post. 2014-09-22. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  536. ^ "EEOC sues companies over anti-transgender discrimination". MSNBC. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  537. ^ "Federal Government Sues Companies Over Anti-Transgender Discrimination Claims". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  538. ^ a b "UN passes resolution on behalf of LGBT citizens around the globe". MSNBC. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  539. ^ a b "PH votes yes to landmark UN reso on gay rights". Rappler. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  540. ^ "California Becomes First State to Ban Gay, Trans 'Panic' Defenses". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  541. ^ "Peruvian voters elect country's first trans council member". Washington Blade. 10 October 2014. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  542. ^ Richard Obert; azcentral sports (22 October 2014). "AIA approves first transgender athlete to play a sport".
  543. ^ "Woman's Day Magazine Features Groundbreaking Article About Transgender Family". The Huffington Post. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  544. ^ Lapowsky, Issie (2014-10-30). "Tim Cook Tells the World 'I'm Proud to Be Gay' – WIRED". WIRED. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  545. ^ "Pro Strongman Rob Kearney Comes Out as Gay". The Advocate. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  546. ^ "RESULTS: Healey Elected First Out State Attorney General". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  547. ^ "Democrat Maura Healey tops GOP's Miller to become the nation's 1 – Boston News, Weather, Sports | FOX 25". MyFoxBoston. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
  548. ^ "In An Important First for Republicans, Maine's Susan Collins Wins Reelection". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  549. ^ Vingan, Alyssa (4 November 2014). "Transgender Model Lea T Lands Big Redken Contract". Retrieved 6 November 2014. Now, Lea T has received her most groundbreaking campaign yet: She's signed on to be a brand muse for global haircare brand Redken, with print and digital campaigns set for a January 2015 release.
  550. ^ Friedman, Megan (4 November 2014). "Transgender Model Lea T Is Redken's Newest Face". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  551. ^ Morwenna Ferrier. "Lea T, the transgender hair-care model who's shifting our perception of beauty norms". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  552. ^ "Gay Star News – Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender global news, entertainment, travel and features". Archived from the original on 8 November 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  553. ^ "Op-ed: Why An Ad Featuring A Transgender Woman Means So Much". Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  554. ^ "First Woman of Color to Serve White House as LGBT Liaison". The Rainbow Times – Boston LGBT Newspaper Serving New England – Gay News. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  555. ^ "Gay vets reach milestone in Boston, still struggle nationally". MSNBC. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  556. ^ "Transgender Bangladeshis hold first-ever pride march". NST Online. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  557. ^ Schonbrun, Zach (2014-11-14). "Derrick Gordon of UMass Is First Openly Gay Athlete to Play in Division I Men's Basketball". The New York Times.
  558. ^ Buzinski, Jim. "MLB umpire Dale Scott comes out as gay in quietest way possible." SBNation Outsports Retrieved December 2, 2014.
  559. ^ "New Zealand appoints its first openly gay High Court judge Matthew Muir". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  560. ^ "Australia's First Minister of Equality Appointed in Victoria". express Online. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  561. ^ "Robbie Rogers's L.A. Galaxy Wins Soccer Championship". Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  562. ^ "Australia elects first gay state leader". Gay Star News. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  563. ^ "Nehirim Puts On First Ever Retreat for LGBT Rabbis, Cantors & Students in San Francisco". Shalom Life. Archived from the original on 2014-12-25.
  564. ^ "At San Francisco retreat, LGBT clergy survey progress from closets to bimah". Archived from the original on 2014-12-27.
  565. ^ "Canada Performs Its First Same-Sex Marriage by a Mennonite Church". Archived from the original on 2015-02-13.
  566. ^ "Mennonite pastors hope first gay wedding will lead to more". CBC News. 5 January 2015.
  567. ^ "Realidades – Los Tigres del Norte | Releases". AllMusic. 2014-10-07. Retrieved 2015-03-25.
  568. ^ Yezmin Villarreal (2015-03-21). "Los Tigres del Norte Are Making Gay Norteño History". Retrieved 2015-03-25.
  569. ^ "Denmark becomes Europe's leading country on legal gender recognition | The European Parliament Intergroup on LGBTI Rights". 2014-06-12. Archived from the original on 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2015-04-10.
  570. ^ Dalli, Miriam (16 April 2014). "Transgender Europe applauds Malta for naming gender identity". Malta Today. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  571. ^ Monica Roberts. "TransGriot".
  572. ^ Allied Newspapers Ltd. "Smiles all round at Malta's first transgender wedding". Times of Malta.
  573. ^ King, Jamilah (2015-03-25). "The Anguish of North Carolina's First Transgender Prom King". TakePart. Retrieved 2015-05-01.
  574. ^ Kellaway, Mitch (2014-11-25). "New Suicide Hotline Dedicated to Trans People Now Open for Calls". Retrieved 2015-10-14.
  575. ^ Ryan, Hugh. "Suicide Hotline Is Lifeline for Transgender Youth | Al Jazeera America". Retrieved 2015-10-14.
  576. ^ 429magazine (2014-05-29). "Violinist Tona Brown to make history as first black transgender woman to perform at Carnegie Hall | Articles". dot429. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-11-28.
  577. ^ Scott, D. J. Walter. "First transgender in Tamil Nadu gets engineering seat". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-04-16.
  578. ^ a b Townsend, Megan (2015-04-25). "Laverne Cox makes history with Daytime Creative Arts Emmy win". GLAAD. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
  579. ^ "Laverne Cox Wins Daytime Emmy". 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
  580. ^ InNational. "India News -News24Online – Indian magazine features popular transgender 'Atif' on its cover". News24Online. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  581. ^ InNational. "India News -News24Online – Indian magazine features popular transgender 'Naaz Josh' on its cover". News24Online. Archived from the original on 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  582. ^ Andre Borges. "Madhu Kinnar Was Just Elected India's First Transgender Mayor". BuzzFeed.
  583. ^ Ciaran D'Arcy; Genevieve Carbery. "Leo Varadkar: "I am a gay man", Minister says".
  584. ^ Alexandra Jaffe, CNN (21 January 2015). "Obama makes historic 'transgender' reference in SOTU -". CNN.
  585. ^ Rothaussrothaus, Steve (2015-01-29). "Transgender TV news reporter Zoey Tur, formerly Chopper Bob, joins 'Inside Edition' | The Miami Herald The Miami Herald". Retrieved 2015-02-03.
  586. ^ "Is transgender community ready for close-up?". 2015-01-31. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
  587. ^ Drake, Aaron (February 6, 2015).