List of lighthouses in Georgia (U.S. state)

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This is a list of all lighthouses in the U.S. state of Georgia as identified by the United States Coast Guard. There are three active lights in the state including one maintained as a private aid; four are standing but inactive, and one has been replaced by an automated skeleton tower, and one destroyed by a ship collision. One tower, the second Sapelo Island Light, was moved to Michigan; the first tower on the site is still standing and was relit in 1998.

The earliest lighthouse in the state was erected in 1736; the oldest surviving tower is the Sapelo Island Light, though the present Tybee Island Light, erected in 1867, incorporates the base of its 1773 predecessor.[1] The last lighthouse in the state, the Savannah Light, was constructed in 1964.[1]

The lighthouses on Cumberland Island, Sapelo Island, and St. Simons Island are on the National Register of Historic Places. The Old Harbor Light in Savannah is a contributing property to a National Historic Landmark district.

If not otherwise noted, focal height and coordinates are taken from the United States Coast Guard Light List,[2] while location and dates of activation, automation, and deactivation are taken from the United States Coast Guard Historical information site for lighthouses.[3]

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Cockspur Island Light Cockspur Island Lighthouse, Chatham county, GA, US.jpg Savannah 32°01′22″N 80°52′48″W / 32.0227°N 80.8800°W / 32.0227; -80.8800 (Cockspur Island Light) 1849[4] (First)
1857[4] (Current)
Never Active[4]
(Inactive: 1909-2007)
Unknown 025 25 ft (7.6 m)[4]
(Original tower)
Little Cumberland Island Light Littlecumberlandisland.jpg Cumberland Island 30°58′34″N 81°24′47″W / 30.97620°N 81.41311°W / 30.97620; -81.41311 (Little Cumberland Island Light) 1838 Never 1915 None Unknown
Sapelo Island LightA Sapelo Island Lighthouse, GA, US.jpg Sapelo Island 31°23′29″N 81°17′08″W / 31.39126°N 81.28568°W / 31.39126; -81.28568 (Sapelo Island Light) 1820B 1998
(Relit)
Active
(Inactive: 1905-1998)
UnknownC Unknown
Sapelo Island Range
Front Light
Sapelo Island Range Light (2), GA, US.jpg Sapelo Island 31°23′24″N 81°17′03″W / 31.38991°N 81.28414°W / 31.38991; -81.28414 (Sapelo Island Range Front Light) 1856 (First)
1877 (Current)
Never 1898 None Unknown
Old Harbor Light
(aka: Savannah Harbor Light)
Old Harbor Light, Savannah, GA, US.JPG Savannah 32°04′46″N 81°05′03″W / 32.07931°N 81.08425°W / 32.07931; -81.08425 (Old Harbor Light) 1858 Always ActiveD Unknown 077 77 ft (23 m)
Savannah Light Savannah Light (Georgia, US State).jpg Savannah River 31°08′03″N 80°40′59″W / 31.1341°N 80.683°W / 31.1341; -80.683 (Savannah Light)[5] 1964 Always 1996
(Destroyed)
None 085 85 ft (26 m)
St. Simons Island Light StSimonsLight3.jpg St. Simons Island 31°08′03″N 81°23′37″W / 31.13411°N 81.39358°W / 31.13411; -81.39358 (St. Simons Island Light) 1810 (First)
1872 (Current)
1954 Active Third-order Fresnel lens 104 104 ft (32 m)
Tybee Island Light Tybee Island Light.jpg Tybee Island 32°01′20″N 80°50′44″W / 32.02223°N 80.84566°W / 32.02223; -80.84566 (Tybee Island Light) 1773 (First)
1867 (Current)
1972 Active First-order Fresnel 144 144 ft (44 m)
Tybee Island Range Front Light Tybee Cut Front Range Light (Chatam County, Georgia).jpg Cockspur Island 32°02′00″N 80°53′55″W / 32.0333°N 80.8985°W / 32.0333; -80.8985 (Tybee Knoll Range Front Light) 1878 Unknown UnknownE None Unknown

Notes[edit]

A.^ Sapelo Island Light also served as a rear range light from 1856 to 1898.
B.^ The second Sapelo Island Light was a steel tower built in 1905, it was later re-erected at South Fox Island Light (Michigan) in 1933. The original brick 1820 tower was reactivated in 1998 and still stands today.
C.^ Sapelo Island Light originally had a Fourth-order Fresnel lens but it has since been replaced by an unknown modern optic.
D.^ There isn't any evidence that this is still used for navigational purposes. The light remains lit as a decorate piece.
E.^ Replaced with a skeleton tower at an unknown date.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Lighthouses of the United States: Georgia". Russ Rowlett. 
  2. ^ Light List, Volume III, Atlantic Coast, Little River, South Carolina to Econfina River, Florida (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2012. 
  3. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Georgia". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Cockspur Island Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  5. ^ Tybee Island to Doboy Sound (Map). 1:80,000. NOAA. 1980. Chart 11509.