List of living former sovereign monarchs

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This is a list of former monarchs of sovereign states who are living to date. While most monarchs retain their position for their lifetime, some choose to abdicate in favour of a younger heir, while other monarchs are deposed when their monarchies are abolished or when another ruler seizes power by force. By international courtesy, these individuals are usually still addressed by their monarchical titles.

Living former monarchs of sovereign states[edit]

Name Title Reign Born Note
Albert II King of the Belgians 1993–2013 (1934-06-06) 6 June 1934 (age 84) Abdicated
Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 1972–2006 (1955-11-11) 11 November 1955 (age 63) Abdicated
Simeon II Tsar of the Bulgarians 1943–1946[1] (1937-06-16) 16 June 1937 (age 81) Monarchy abolished
Fuad II King of Egypt and the Sudan 1952–1953 (1952-01-16) 16 January 1952 (age 66) Monarchy abolished
Constantine II King of the Hellenes 1964–1973 (1940-06-02) 2 June 1940 (age 78) Monarchy abolished
Jean Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1964–2000 (1921-01-05) 5 January 1921 (age 98) Abdicated
Gyanendra King of Nepal 1950–1951 and 2001–2008 (1947-07-07) 7 July 1947 (age 71) Monarchy abolished
Beatrix Queen of the Netherlands 1980–2013 (1938-01-31) 31 January 1938 (age 80) Abdicated
Juan Carlos I King of Spain 1975–2014 (1938-01-05) 5 January 1938 (age 81) Abdicated
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani Emir of Qatar 1995–2013 (1952-01-01) 1 January 1952 (age 67) Abdicated
Benedict XVI Sovereign of the Vatican City State 2005–2013 (1927-04-16) 16 April 1927 (age 91) Resigned
Jamshid bin Abdullah Sultan of Zanzibar 1963–1964 (1929-09-16) 16 September 1929 (age 89) Monarchy abolished

Besides these, there are four living former holders of the title Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Ahmad Shah of Pahang, Sirajuddin of Perlis, Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu and Muhammad V of Kelantan) in Malaysia (who are not listed because they remain leaders of one of the nine subnational Malay states), as well as four living former Presidents of France (Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande) who served as Co-Princes of Andorra.

Other territorial ex-monarchs[edit]

Name Title Reign Born Note
Ahmad Shah Sultan of Pahang 1974–2019 (1930-10-24) 24 October 1930 (age 88) Abdication decided
Ismail Petra Sultan of Kelantan 1980–2010 (1949-11-11) 11 November 1949 (age 69) Deposed
Ghalib II al-Qu'aiti Sultan of Qu'aiti 1966–1967 (1948-01-07) 7 January 1948 (age 71) Monarchy abolished

Queen Elizabeth II[edit]

Elizabeth II was Sovereign of the following 16 independent states until they later became republics. Years shown are from her accession in 1952 or independence chronologically up to the abolition of the monarchy.

State Reign
Pakistan 1952–1956
Ghana 1957–1960
South Africa 1952–1961
Tanganyika 1961–1962
Nigeria 1960–1963
Uganda 1962–1963
Kenya 1963–1964
Malawi 1964–1966
The Gambia 1965–1970
Guyana 1966–1970
Sierra Leone 1961–1971
Ceylon 1952–1972
Malta 1964–1974
Trinidad and Tobago 1962–1976
Fiji 1970–1987[2]
Mauritius 1968–1992


  1. ^ Simeon returned to Bulgaria in 1996 after a half-century in exile and was elected Prime Minister under the name Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Simeon Sakskoburggotski) in 2001, serving until 2005.
  2. ^ Elizabeth was recognized as Paramount Chief of Fiji by the former Great Council of Chiefs after 1987.

See also[edit]