List of living former sovereign monarchs
This is a list of former monarchs of sovereign states who are living to date. While most monarchs retain their position for their lifetime, some choose to abdicate in favour of a younger heir, while other monarchs are deposed when their monarchies are abolished or when another ruler seizes power by force. By international courtesy, these individuals are usually still addressed by their monarchical titles.
Living former monarchs of sovereign states
Besides these, there are three living former holders of the title Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysia (who are not listed because they remain leaders of one of the nine subnational Malay states), as well as three living former Presidents of France (Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Jacques Chirac and Nicolas Sarkozy) who served as Co-Princes of Andorra.
Other territorial ex-monarchs
|Ismail Petra||Sultan of Kelantan||1980–2010||11 November 1949||Deposed|
|Kigeli V||King of Rwanda||1959–1961||29 June 1936||Monarchy abolished|
|Ghalib II al-Qu'aiti||Sultan of Qu'aiti||1966–1967||7 January 1948||Monarchy abolished|
Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II was Sovereign of the following former Commonwealth realms until they later became republics in their own right. Years shown are from her accession in 1952 or independence chronologically up to the abolition of the monarchy.
- Pakistan (1952–1956)
- Ghana (1957–1960)
- South Africa (1952–1961)
- Tanganyika (1961–1962)
- Nigeria (1960–1963)
- Uganda (1962–1963)
- Kenya (1963–1964)
- Malawi (1964–1966)
- The Gambia (1965–1970)
- Guyana (1966–1970)
- Sierra Leone (1961–1971)
- Ceylon (1952–1972)
- Malta (1964–1974)
- Trinidad and Tobago (1962–1976)
- Fiji (1970–1987)
- Mauritius (1968–1992)
- Simeon returned to Bulgaria in 1996 after a half-century in exile and was elected Prime Minister under the name Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Simeon Sakskoburggotski) in 2001, serving until 2005.
- Kigeli reigned under the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi prior to independence in 1962.
- Elizabeth was recognized as Paramount Chief of Fiji by the former Great Council of Chiefs after 1987.