List of living former sovereign monarchs

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This is a list of former monarchs of sovereign states who are living to date. While most monarchs retain their position for their lifetime, some choose to abdicate in favour of a younger heir, while other monarchs are deposed when their monarchies are abolished or when another ruler seizes power by force. By international courtesy, these individuals are usually still addressed by their monarchical titles.

Living former monarchs of sovereign states[edit]

Name Title Reign Born Note
Albert II King of the Belgians 1993–2013 (1934-06-06) 6 June 1934 (age 82) Abdicated
Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 1972–2006 (1955-11-11) 11 November 1955 (age 61) Abdicated
Simeon II Tsar of the Bulgarians 1943–1946[1] (1937-06-16) 16 June 1937 (age 79) Monarchy abolished
Fuad II King of Egypt and the Sudan 1952–1953 (1952-01-16) 16 January 1952 (age 65) Monarchy abolished
Constantine II King of the Hellenes 1964–1973 (1940-06-02) 2 June 1940 (age 76) Monarchy abolished
Jean Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1964–2000 (1921-01-05) 5 January 1921 (age 96) Abdicated
Gyanendra King of Nepal 1950–1951 and 2001–2008 (1947-07-07) 7 July 1947 (age 69) Monarchy abolished
Beatrix Queen of the Netherlands 1980–2013 (1938-01-31) 31 January 1938 (age 79) Abdicated
Juan Carlos I King of Spain 1975–2014 (1938-01-05) 5 January 1938 (age 79) Abdicated
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani Emir of Qatar 1995–2013 (1952-01-01) 1 January 1952 (age 65) Abdicated
Michael I King of the Romanians 1927–1930 and 1940–1947 (1921-10-25) 25 October 1921 (age 95) Monarchy abolished
Benedict XVI Sovereign of the Vatican City State 2005–2013 (1927-04-16) 16 April 1927 (age 89) Resigned
Jamshid bin Abdullah Sultan of Zanzibar 1963–1964 (1929-09-16) 16 September 1929 (age 87) Monarchy abolished

Besides these, there are four living former holders of the title Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysia (who are not listed because they remain leaders of one of the nine subnational Malay states), as well as three living former Presidents of France (Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, Jacques Chirac and Nicolas Sarkozy) who served as Co-Princes of Andorra.

Other territorial ex-monarchs[edit]

Name Title Reign Born Note
Ismail Petra Sultan of Kelantan 1980–2010 (1949-11-11) 11 November 1949 (age 67) Deposed
Ghalib II al-Qu'aiti Sultan of Qu'aiti 1966–1967 (1948-01-07) 7 January 1948 (age 69) Monarchy abolished

Queen Elizabeth II[edit]

Further information: States headed by Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II was Sovereign of the following former Commonwealth realms until they later became republics in their own right. Years shown are from her accession in 1952 or independence chronologically up to the abolition of the monarchy.


  1. ^ Simeon returned to Bulgaria in 1996 after a half-century in exile and was elected Prime Minister under the name Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Simeon Sakskoburggotski) in 2001, serving until 2005.
  2. ^ Elizabeth was recognized as Paramount Chief of Fiji by the former Great Council of Chiefs after 1987.

See also[edit]