List of local winds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of names given to winds local to specific regions.


  • Berg wind, a seasonal katabatic wind blowing down the Great Escarpment from the high central plateau to the coast in South Africa.
  • Cape Doctor, often persistent and dry south-easterly wind that blows on the South African coast from spring to late summer (September to March in the southern hemisphere).
  • Haboob, a sandstorm's fast moving wind which causes cold temperature over the area from where it passes. It mainly passes through Sudan of Africa continent.
  • Harmattan, a dry wind that blows from the northeast, bringing dust from the Sahara south toward the Gulf of Guinea.
  • Khamsin (khamaseen in Egypt) and similar winds named Haboob in the Sudan, Aajej in southern Morocco, Ghibli in Libya and Tunisia, Harmattan in the western Maghreb, Sirocco, a south wind from the Sahara and Simoom in the Arabian Peninsula.


Central Asia[edit]

Eastern Asia[edit]

  • Buran (a wind which blows across eastern Asia. It is also known as Purga when over the tundra)
  • Karakaze (strong cold mountain wind from Gunma Prefecture in Japan)
  • East Asian Monsoon, known in Korea as jangma (장마), and in Japan as tsuyu (梅雨) when advancing northwards in the spring and shurin (秋霖) when retreating southwards in autumn.
  • Oroshi () (strong katabatic wind across the Kanto Plain)

Northern Asia[edit]

Southeast Asia[edit]

Southern Asia[edit]

Western Asia[edit]

  • Gilavar (south wind in the Absheron Peninsula of the Azerbaijan Republic)
  • N'aschi (northeastern wind on the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf, and on the Makran coast)
  • Rashabar (or Rashaba) ("black wind") (a strong wind in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, particularly in Sulaimaniya)[4]
  • Shamal (a summer northwesterly wind blowing over Iraq and the Persian Gulf states)
  • Sharqi (seasonal dry, dusty Middle Eastern wind coming from the south and southeast)
  • Simoom (Samiel) (strong, dry, desert wind that blows in Israel, Jordan, Syria, and the desert of Arabia)
  • Wind of 120 days (a four-month-long hot and dry wind over the Sistan Basin in Iran and Afghanistan)

The Americas[edit]

Latin America and the Caribbean[edit]


  • Alisio (easterly trade wind in the Caribbean)[5]
  • Alize (northeasterly across central Africa and the Caribbean)
  • Bayamo (violent wind on Cuba's southern coast)
  • Brisote (the northeast trade wind when it is blowing more strongly than usual, in Cuba)[6]

South America[edit]


  • Cordonazo, also referred to as el cordonazo de San Francisco or the Lash of St Francis (southerly hurricane winds along the west coast of Mexico)
  • Coromuel (south to south-west wind in the La Paz area of the Baja California peninsula and the Gulf of California)
  • Norte (strong cold northeasterly wind in Mexico)

Central America[edit]

North America[edit]

United States, Canada and Greenland[edit]


  • Autan [fr] (warm, föhn-type southeasterly wind in the Mediterranean Languedoc region)
  • Bise (cold, northern wind in France and northeastern wind in Switzerland)
  • Böhm (cold, dry wind in Central Europe)
  • Bora (northeasterly from eastern Europe to northeastern Italy and northwestern Balkans)
  • Burle [fr] (north wind which blows in the winter in south-central France)
  • Cers (strong, very dry northeasterly wind in the bas-Languedoc region in southern France)
  • Cierzo (cool north/northwesterly wind on Ebro Valley in Spain)
  • Crivăț (strong, very cold north-easterly wind in Moldavia, Dobruja, and the Bărăgan Plain parts of Romania.)
  • Etesian (Greek name) or Meltem (Turkish name) (northerly across Greece and Turkey)
  • Euroclydon (a cyclonic tempestuous northeast wind in the Mediterranean)
  • Föhn or foehn (a warm, dry, southerly wind off the northern side of the Alps and North Italy. The name gave rise to the fén-fēng (焚風 'burning wind') of Taiwan).
  • Gregale (northeasterly from Greece)
  • Halny (in northern Carpathians)
  • Helm (north-easterly wind in Cumbria, England)
  • Košava (strong and cold southeasterly season wind in Serbia)[13]
  • Viento de Levante or Levanter (easterly through Strait of Gibraltar)
  • Leveche (Spanish name for a warm southwest wind in parts of coastal Mediterranean Spain)
  • Libeccio (southwesterly towards Italy)
  • Llevantades (north-north-east and east-north-east on the east coast of Spain)
  • Lodos (southwesterly towards Turkey. Strong "Lodos" events occur 6 - 7 times a year bringing 35 kt winds into Marmara Sea. The winds are funnelled SE from the Mediterranean and through the Dardanelles Strait.)
  • Maestro (cold northerly in the Adriatic sea)
  • Marin (south-easterly from Mediterranean to France)
  • Meltemi μελτέμι (Greek), or meltem (Turkish) (etesian northerly across Greece, Turkey, and Aegean sea)
  • Mistral (cold northerly from central France and the Alps to Mediterranean)
  • Nordés (north-eastern wind in Galicia)
  • Ostro (southerly wind in the Mediterranean)
  • Poniente, ponente, or ponent (strong west to east wind formed by the wind tunnel effect of the Gibraltar Strait; see Levante for the opposite)
  • Sirocco (southerly warm and moist wind from north Africa to southern Europe, mostly to Southern Italy and to the Balkans)
  • Solano (south to south-easterly wind in the southern sector of Spain)
  • Tramontane (cold northwesterly from the Pyrenees or northeasterly from the Alps to the Mediterranean, similar to Mistral)
  • Vendavel (westerly through the Strait of Gibraltar)
  • Murlan (cold and dry northeasterly wind in winter in Albania, Montenegro and Northwestern part of North Macedonia)



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