List of longest buildings

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This is a list of the longest[clarification needed] multiple-segment buildings and walls (excluding those not intended for human occupancy) in the world.

World[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates Notes
m ft
1. Walls of Benin Fortification 1450–1500 16,015,000 52,543,000 Benin City Nigeria 6°20′00″N 5°37′20″E / 6.33333°N 5.62222°E / 6.33333; 5.62222
2. Great Wall of China Fortification From Spring and Autumn period to Ming dynasty 8,851,800 29,041,300 China 40°40′37″N 117°13′55″E / 40.67693°N 117.23193°E / 40.67693; 117.23193
3. Great Wall of Gorgan Fortification 224 to 651 AD 195,000 640,000 Iran [1]
4. Kumbhalgarh Fortification 15th century 36,000 118,000 India [2]
5. Ranikot Fort Fortification 17th century 26,000 85,000 Pakistan [3]
6. Diyarbakir Wall Fortification 337 6,000 20,000 Diyarbakir Turkey
7. Walls of Ston Fortification 1461 5,500 18,000 Ston Croatia
8. Prora Hotel 1936-1939 4,500 14,800 Binz Germany 54°26′12″N 13°34′37″E / 54.43667°N 13.57694°E / 54.43667; 13.57694 Three buildings, not connected; the longest is 750m
9. LIGO-Livingston Observatory 1994–1999 4,000 13,000 Louisiana United States Length of each arm.[4]
10. Government Complex, Sejong Government building 2008-2014 3,500 11,500 Sejong City South Korea 36°30′15″N 127°15′50″E / 36.50417°N 127.26389°E / 36.50417; 127.26389 Six buildings interrupted by roads; none longer than 300m [5]
11. Klystron gallery above the Stanford Linear Accelerator Research facility 1962–1966 3,073.72 10,084.4 Menlo Park, California United States 37°24′53″N 122°13′18″W / 37.41472°N 122.22167°W / 37.41472; -122.22167 [6]
12. Fenestrelle Fort Fortification 1728-1850 3,000+ 9,800 Fenestrelle Italy 45°01′47″N 7°03′38″E / 45.02972°N 7.06056°E / 45.02972; 7.06056
13. Three Gorges Dam Dam 1994-2008 2,335 7,661 China [7]
14. Modlin Fortress Barracks 1832–1862 2,250 7,380 Poland 52°26′14″N 20°40′52″E / 52.43722°N 20.68111°E / 52.43722; 20.68111 Two buildings, the longest 1330m
15. Moscow Kremlin Wall Fortification 1485–1495 2,235 7,333 Moscow Russia 55°45′06″N 37°37′04″E / 55.751667°N 37.617778°E / 55.751667; 37.617778
16. Dubai International Airport Cargo Gateway Airport terminal 2008 1,774 5,820 Dubai United Arab Emirates 25°15′00″N 55°21′32″E / 25.24991°N 55.35893°E / 25.24991; 55.35893 [8]
17. Apartment house on Sobornosti av. and Molodi st. Apartment house 1970-s 1,750 5,740 Lutsk Ukraine 50°45′40″N 25°22′07″E / 50.761219°N 25.368719°E / 50.761219; 25.368719 A single, connected building 1750m long
18. Kansai International Airport Airport terminal 1991–1994 1,700 5,600 Osaka Japan
19. Red Dog Mine Conveyer Enclosure. Zinc mine conveyer enclosure 1991 1,700 5,600 Alaska United States [9]
20. McNamara Terminal Concourse A
at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Airport terminal 2002 1,600 5,200 Detroit, Michigan United States

Africa[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
m ft
1. Walls of Benin Fortification 1450–1500 16,015,000 52,543,000 Benin City Nigeria 6°20′00″N 5°37′20″E / 6.33333°N 5.62222°E / 6.33333; 5.62222

Asia[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
m ft
1. Great Wall of China Fortification From Spring and Autumn period to Ming dynasty 8,851,800 29,041,300 China
2. Kumbhalgarh Fortification 15th century 36,000 118,000 India
3. Ranikot Fort Fortification 17th century 26,000 85,000 Pakistan
4. Kansai International Airport Airport terminal 1991–1994 1,700 5,600 Osaka Japan

Europe[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates Notes
m ft
1. Walls of Ston Fortification 1461 5,500 18,000 Ston Croatia
2. Prora Hotel 1936-1939 4,500 14,800 Binz Germany 54°26′12″N 13°34′37″E / 54.43667°N 13.57694°E / 54.43667; 13.57694 Three buildings, not connected; the longest is 750m
3. Venetian Walls of Candia Fortification 1462–1560 4,300 14,100 Heraklion Greece 35°19′55″N 25°07′50″E / 35.331987°N 25.130427°E / 35.331987; 25.130427
4. Fenestrelle Fort Fortification 1728-1850 3,000+ 9,800 Fenestrelle Italy 45°01′47″N 7°03′38″E / 45.02972°N 7.06056°E / 45.02972; 7.06056
5. Modlin Fortress Barracks 1832–1862 2,250 7,380 Poland 52°26′14″N 20°40′52″E / 52.43722°N 20.68111°E / 52.43722; 20.68111 Two buildings, the longest 1330m
6. Moscow Kremlin Wall Fortification 1485–1495 2,235 7,333 Moscow Russia 55°45′06″N 37°37′04″E / 55.751667°N 37.617778°E / 55.751667; 37.617778
7. Apartment house on Sobornosti av. and Molodi st. Apartment house 1970-s 1,750 5,740 Lutsk Ukraine 50°45′40″N 25°22′07″E / 50.761219°N 25.368719°E / 50.761219; 25.368719 A single, connected building 1750m long
8. Saint Kevin's Lunatic Asylum Lunatic Asylum 1852 1,600 5,200 Cork Ireland 51°53′48″N 8°30′26″E / 51.896753°N 8.507266°E / 51.896753; 8.507266
9. Apartment house on Kolsky av. and Beringa st. Apartment house 1970-s 1,488 4,882 Murmansk Russia 68°55′05″N 33°05′40″E / 68.918002°N 33.094526°E / 68.918002; 33.094526 15 buildings, not connected; none longer than 360m [10]
10. Bymuren 1-175 Residential building 1972–1974 1,475 4,839 Denmark
11. Apartment house on Akademika Zabolotnogo st. Apartment house 1969–1980 1,240 4,070 Kyiv Ukraine 50°21′51″N 30°27′48″E / 50.364066°N 30.463371°E / 50.364066; 30.463371
12. Terminal 4
at the Madrid-Barajas Airport
Airport terminal 2006 1,175 3,855 Madrid Spain
13. Karl Marx-Hof Residential building 1927–1930 1,100 3,600 Vienna Austria 48°15′10″N 16°21′54″E / 48.25278°N 16.36500°E / 48.25278; 16.36500
14. "Le Lignon" Residential building 1963–1971 1,060 3,480 Geneva Switzerland 46°12′11″N 6°05′53″E / 46.20317°N 6.09792°E / 46.20317; 6.09792
15. "Lange Jammer"
Longest skyscraper in the world
60 m high and 1,000 m long
1968–2010 1,000 3,300 Märkisches Viertel Germany
16. "Corviale" is the longest with a unique body, and parallelepiped building shape Residential building 1972–1982 1,000 3,300 Rome Italy 41°51′03″N 12°24′42″E / 41.850959°N 12.411654°E / 41.850959; 12.411654
17. Potroom
of the Rio Tinto Alcan Aluminium Factory
Potroom 1,000 3,300 Straumsvík Iceland 54°08′33″N 13°39′36″E / 54.142391°N 13.660035°E / 54.142391; 13.660035
18. Blok 21 apartment complex - (official name B-7) Apartment house 972.5 3,191 Belgrade Serbia 44°48′52″N 20°25′46″E / 44.814444°N 20.429444°E / 44.814444; 20.429444
19. Turbine hall
of the Greifswald Nuclear Power Plant
Turbine hall 955 3,133 Lubmin Germany 54°08′33″N 13°39′36″E / 54.142391°N 13.660035°E / 54.142391; 13.660035
20. Falowiec Residential building 1970–1973 860 2,820 Gdańsk Poland (satellite photo)
21. "Chinese wall" (Great Wall of China)
[clarification needed]
Residential building 1971–1974 830 2,720 Dnipro Ukraine 48°25′03″N 35°03′40″E / 48.417367°N 35.061021°E / 48.417367; 35.061021
22. "Kilometergebäude"
at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base
820 2,690 Fürstenfeldbruck Germany 48°11′50″N 11°16′32″E / 48.197118°N 11.275449°E / 48.197118; 11.275449
23. Turbine hall
of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
Turbine hall 803 2,635 Chernobyl Ukraine 51°23′19″N 30°06′23″E / 51.388749°N 30.106326°E / 51.388749; 30.106326
24. Serpentin (longest of buildings forming the) at Les Courtillières. Whole structure is over 1.1 km (0.68 mi) long in 3 buildings. Architect: Émile Aillaud. Residential building 1955–1956 700 2,300 Pantin France 48°54′46″N 2°24′39″E / 48.912643°N 2.410716°E / 48.912643; 2.410716
25. Karlsborg Fortress Fortification 1819–1870 678 2,224 Sweden

Thermal power stations in the former Soviet Union often also have long buildings. According to Wikimapia the building of Ekibastuz GRES-1 in Kazakhstan is 537 metres (1,762 ft) long, and that of the Luhansk power station north of Shchastia, Ukraine, is 672 metres (2,205 ft) long.

North America[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates Notes
m ft
1. LIGO-Livingston Observatory 1994–1999 4,000 13,000 Louisiana United States length relates to each arm[4]
2. Klystron gallery
above the Stanford Linear Accelerator
Research facility 1962–1966 3,073.72 10,084.4 Menlo Park, California United States 37°24′53″N 122°13′18″W / 37.41472°N 122.22167°W / 37.41472; -122.22167 [11]
3. McNamara Terminal Concourse A
at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Airport terminal 2002 1,600 5,200 Detroit, Michigan United States
4. Boeing Everett Factory Airplane Factory 1967 1,090 3,580 Everett, Washington United States
5. Ronald Reagan Nat'l Airport Main Terminal Airport Building 1941 1,010 3,310 Arlington, Virginia United States
6. US Coast Guard Air Station, Washington Military Building 1952 570 1,870 Arlington, Virginia United States

Oceania[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates Notes
m ft
1. Willsmere - Kew Asylum Residential 1871 950 3,120 Kew, Victoria Australia
2. Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre Exhibition centre 1996 450 1,480 Melbourne, Victoria Australia
3. The Great Southern Stand
at the Melbourne Cricket Ground
Stadium 1996 400 1,300 Melbourne, Victoria Australia
4. Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre Exhibition centre 1988 310 1,020 Sydney, New South Wales Australia
5. Flinders Street station Railway station 1910 280 920 Melbourne, Victoria Australia

South America[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates Notes
m ft
1. Central Institute of Sciences (ICC) of the University of Brasília University 1961 750 2,460 Brasília, Federal District (Brazil) Brazil

15°45′48″S 47°52′10″W / 15.763369°S 47.869451°W / -15.763369; -47.869451

2. Edificio Caliche, Conjunto Habitacional Gran Vía - Caliche Building, Gran Vía housing complex Residential 1970-1974 680 2,230 Antofagasta Chile 23°40′34″S 70°24′14″W / 23.676206°S 70.403977°W / -23.676206; -70.403977 [12]
3. Edificio Huanchaca (Curvo), Conjunto Habitacional Gran Vía - Huanchaca Building, Gran Vía housing complex Residential 1967-1969 380 1,250 Antofagasta Chile 23°40′31″S 70°24′15″W / 23.675306°S 70.404271°W / -23.675306; -70.404271 [12]
4. Minhocão de Guadalupe - Guadalupe's Big Earthworm Residential 1950 320 1,050 Guadalupe, Rio de Janeiro Brazil 22°58′47″S 43°13′49″W / 22.979658°S 43.230245°W / -22.979658; -43.230245
5. Plataforma Gubernamental de Gestión Financiera Public service 2017 310 1,020 Quito, Metropolitan District of Quito Ecuador
6. Conjunto Residencial Alcalde Mendes de Moraes (Pedregulho) Residential 1947 270 890 Rio de Janeiro, São Cristóvão Neighborhood Brazil

Middle East[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates Notes
m ft
1. Great Wall of Gorgan Fortification 224-651 AD 195,000 640,000 - Iran
2. Terminal 3, Concourse B at the Dubai International Airport Airport terminal 2008 924 3,031 Dubai United Arab Emirates

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  2. ^ "Kumbhalgarh :: Rajasthan". www.rajasthaninfo.org. Archived from the original on 2004-10-20.
  3. ^ Ondaatje, Christopher (May 1996). Sindh revisited: a journey in the footsteps of Captain Sir Richard Burton : 1842-1849, the India years. HarperCollins Publishers. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-00-255436-7.
  4. ^ a b "Home". ligo.caltech.edu.
  5. ^ "Government Building Rooftop Garden > Tourist Attractions > Travel >".
  6. ^ Imfeld, Hans. "How Long is the SLAC Gallery? SLAC-PUB-12761, August 2007". Archived from the original on 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
  7. ^ "Three Gorges Dam, China - Image of the Week - Earth Watching".
  8. ^ Cargo Mega Terminal at Dubai Airports Archived 2012-06-23 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Alaska Structures. "Conveyer Pipeline Enclosures." Alaska Structures. Retrieved 21 August 2014
  10. ^ Какой должна была бы главная площадь города, если б все мечты архитекторов сбылись // ТВ-21
  11. ^ "Inspire" (PDF).
  12. ^ a b Galeno, Claudio. "Ricardo Pulgar San Martín, el conjunto habitacional Gran Vía y el edificio Huanchaca". In: Muñoz, María Dolores (ed.), et al. Docomomo Chile: Trayectorias de la ciudad moderna. Concepción: Universidad de Concepción, 2012, p.145-149.