List of longest buildings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of the longest[clarification needed] single-segment buildings (excluding those not intended for human occupancy) in the world, and broken down by continent (which are not included in the world section).

World[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Great Wall of China Fortification From Spring and Autumn period to Ming dynasty 8,851,800 m China 40°40′37″N 117°13′55″E / 40.67693°N 117.23193°E / 40.67693; 117.23193
2. Great Wall of Gorgan Fortification 224 to 651 AD 195,000 m[1] Iran
3. Kumbhalgarh Fortification 15th century 36,000 m[2] India
4. Ranikot Fort Fortification 17th century 26,000 m[3] Pakistan
5. Diyarbakir Wall Fortification 337 6,000 m Diyarbakir Turkey
6. Walls of Ston Fortification 1461 5,500 m Ston Croatia
7. Prora Hotel 1936-1939 4,500 m Binz Germany 54°26′2″N 13°34′30″E / 54.43389°N 13.57500°E / 54.43389; 13.57500
8. LIGO-Livingston Observatory 1994–1999 each arm 4,000 m[4] Livingston, Louisiana United States
9. Government Complex, Sejong Government building 2008-2014 3,500 m[5] Sejong City South Korea 36°30′15″N 127°15′50″E / 36.50417°N 127.26389°E / 36.50417; 127.26389
10. Klystron gallery above the Stanford Linear Accelerator Research facility 1962–1966 3,073.72 m[6] Menlo Park, California United States 37°24′53″N 122°13′18″W / 37.41472°N 122.22167°W / 37.41472; -122.22167
11. Fenestrelle Fort Fortification 1728-1850 3,000+ Fenestrelle Italy 45°01′47″N 7°03′38″E / 45.02972°N 7.06056°E / 45.02972; 7.06056
12. Three Gorges Dam Dam 1994-2008 2,335 m[7] China
13. Modlin Fortress Barracks 1832–1862 2,250 m Poland
14. Moscow Kremlin Wall Fortification 1485–1495 2,235 m Moscow Russia 55°45′06″N 37°37′04″E / 55.751667°N 37.617778°E / 55.751667; 37.617778
15. Karl Marx-Hof Residential building 1927–1930 2,200 m Vienna Austria
16. Dubai International Airport Cargo Gateway Airport terminal 2008 1,774 m[8] Dubai United Arab Emirates 25°15′00″N 55°21′32″E / 25.24991°N 55.35893°E / 25.24991; 55.35893
17. Apartment house on Sobornosti av. and Molodi st. Apartment house 1970-s 1,750 m Lutsk Ukraine 50°45′40″N 25°22′07″E / 50.761219°N 25.368719°E / 50.761219; 25.368719
18. Kansai International Airport Airport terminal 1991–1994 1,700 m Osaka Japan
19. Red Dog Mine Conveyer Enclosure.[9] Zinc mine conveyer enclosure 1991 1,700 m United States
20. McNamara Terminal Concourse A
at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Airport terminal 2002 1,600 m Detroit, Michigan United States
20. Saint Kevin's Lunatic Asylum Lunatic Asylum 1852 1,600 m Cork Ireland 51°53′48″N 8°30′26″W / 51.896753°N 8.507266°W / 51.896753; -8.507266

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Great Wall of China Fortification From Spring and Autumn period to Ming dynasty 8,851.8 km China
2. Kumbhalgarh Fortification 15th century 36 km India
3. Ranikot Fort Fortification 17th century 8.6 km Pakistan
4. Kansai International Airport Airport terminal 1991–1994 1,700 m Osaka Japan

Europe[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Walls of Ston Fortification 1461 5,500 m Ston Croatia
2. Prora Hotel 1936-1939 4,500 m Binz Germany 54°26′2″N 13°34′30″E / 54.43389°N 13.57500°E / 54.43389; 13.57500
3. Venetian Walls of Candia Fortification 1462–1560 4,300 m Heraklion Greece 35°19′55″N 25°07′50″E / 35.331987°N 25.130427°E / 35.331987; 25.130427
4. Fenestrelle Fort Fortification 1728-1850 3,000+ m Fenestrelle Italy 45°01′47″N 7°03′38″E / 45.02972°N 7.06056°E / 45.02972; 7.06056
5. Modlin Fortress Barracks 1832–1862 2,250 m Poland
6. Moscow Kremlin Wall Fortification 1485–1495 2,235 m Moscow Russia 55°45′06″N 37°37′04″E / 55.751667°N 37.617778°E / 55.751667; 37.617778
7. Karl Marx-Hof Residential building 1927–1930 2,200 m Vienna Austria
8. Apartment house on Sobornosti av. and Molodi st. Apartment house 1970-s 1,750 m Lutsk Ukraine 50°45′40″N 25°22′07″E / 50.761219°N 25.368719°E / 50.761219; 25.368719
9. Saint Kevin's Lunatic Asylum Lunatic Asylum 1852 1,600 m Cork Ireland 51°53′48″N 8°30′26″W / 51.896753°N 8.507266°W / 51.896753; -8.507266
10. Apartment house on Kolsky av. and Beringa st. Apartment house 1970-s 1,488 m[10] Murmansk Russia 68°55′05″N 33°05′40″E / 68.918002°N 33.094526°E / 68.918002; 33.094526
11. Bymuren 1-175 Residential building 1972–1974 1,475 m Hvidovre Denmark 55°37′38″N 12°26′46″E / 55.6272°N 12.4462°E / 55.6272; 12.4462
12. Apartment house on Akademika Zabolotnogo st. Apartment house 1969–1980 1,240 m Kiev Ukraine 50°21′51″N 30°27′48″E / 50.364066°N 30.463371°E / 50.364066; 30.463371
13. Terminal 4, Madrid-Barajas Airport Airport terminal 2006 1,175 m Madrid Spain
14. Potroom of the Hydro Husnes Aluminium Factory Potroom ~1065 m Husnes Norway 59°51′55″N 5°46′02″E / 59.8653°N 5.7672°E / 59.8653; 5.7672
15. Le Lignon Residential building 1963–1971 1,060 m Geneva Switzerland 46°12′11″N 6°05′53″E / 46.20317°N 6.09792°E / 46.20317; 6.09792
16. "Lange Jammer"
Longest skyscraper in the world
60 m high and 1,000 m long
1968–2010 1,000 m Märkisches Viertel Germany 52°35′45″N 13°21′19″E / 52.5957°N 13.3553°E / 52.5957; 13.3553
17. "Corviale" is the longest with a unique body, and parallelepiped building shape Residential building 1972–1982 1,000 m Rome Italy 41°51′03″N 12°24′42″E / 41.850959°N 12.411654°E / 41.850959; 12.411654
18. Potroom of the Rio Tinto Alcan Aluminium Factory Potroom ~1000 m Straumsvík Iceland 64°02′45″N 22°01′39″W / 64.0457°N 22.0275°W / 64.0457; -22.0275
19. Blok 21 apartment complex - (official name B-7) Apartment house 972.5 m Belgrade Serbia 44°48′52″N 20°25′38″E / 44.8144°N 20.4272°E / 44.8144; 20.4272
20. Turbine hall, Greifswald Nuclear Power Plant Turbine hall 955 m Lubmin Germany 54°08′33″N 13°39′36″E / 54.142391°N 13.660035°E / 54.142391; 13.660035
21. Falowiec Residential building 1970–1973 860 m Gdańsk Poland (satellite photo)
22. "Chinese wall" (Great Wall of China)
[clarification needed]
Residential building 1971–1974 ~830 m Dnipro Ukraine 48°25′03″N 35°03′40″E / 48.417367°N 35.061021°E / 48.417367; 35.061021
23. "Kilometergebäude"
at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base
820 m Fürstenfeldbruck Germany 48°11′50″N 11°16′32″E / 48.197118°N 11.275449°E / 48.197118; 11.275449
24. Turbine hall, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Turbine hall 803 m Chernobyl Ukraine 51°23′19″N 30°06′23″E / 51.388749°N 30.106326°E / 51.388749; 30.106326
25. Serpentin (longest of buildings forming the)[clarification needed] at Les Courtillières. Whole structure is over 1.1 km long in 3 buildings. Architect: Émile Aillaud. Residential building 1955–1956 ~700 m Pantin France 48°54′46″N 2°24′39″E / 48.912643°N 2.410716°E / 48.912643; 2.410716

Note. The Kraft durch Freude seaside resort Prora consists of eight separate buildings, each measuring ~486 m [1].

Thermal power stations in Russia and other parts of former Soviet Union often have also long buildings. According to Wikimapia the building of Ekibastus GRES-1 is 537 metres that of Luganskaya GRES north of Schastia, Ukraine 672 metres long.

Russian fortification line of 1560th (Zhizdra - Pereyaslavl-Ryazanskiy) have length ~600 km. Full length of all Russian fortification lines - ~4,000 km.

North America[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. LIGO-Livingston Observatory 1994–1999 each arm 4,000 m[4] Livingston, Louisiana United States
2. Klystron gallery
above the Stanford Linear Accelerator
Research facility 1962–1966 3,073.72 m[11] Menlo Park, California United States

37°24′53″N 122°13′18″W / 37.41472°N 122.22167°W / 37.41472; -122.22167

3. Red Dog Mine Conveyer Enclosure.[12] Zinc mine conveyer enclosure 1991 1,700 m United States
4. McNamara Terminal Concourse A
at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
Airport terminal 2002 1,600 m Detroit, Michigan United States

Oceania[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Willsmere - Kew Asylum Residential 1871 950 m Kew, Victoria Australia
2. Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre Exhibition centre 1996 450 m Melbourne, Victoria Australia
3. The Great Southern Stand
at the Melbourne Cricket Ground
Stadium 1996 400 m Melbourne, Victoria Australia
4. Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre Exhibition centre 1988 310 m Sydney, New South Wales Australia
5. Flinders Street station Railway station 1910 280 m Melbourne, Victoria Australia

South America[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Central Institute of Sciences (ICC) of the University of Brasília University 1961 750 m Brasília, Federal District Brazil

15°45′48″S 47°52′10″W / 15.763369°S 47.869451°W / -15.763369; -47.869451

2. Edificio Caliche, Conjunto Habitacional Gran Vía - Caliche Building, Gran Vía housing complex [13] Residential 1970-1974 680 m Antofagasta Chile

23°40′34″S 70°24′14″W / 23.676206°S 70.403977°W / -23.676206; -70.403977

3. Edificio Huanchaca (Curvo), Conjunto Habitacional Gran Vía - Huanchaca Building, Gran Vía housing complex[13] Residential 1967-1969 380 m Antofagasta Chile

23°40′31″S 70°24′15″W / 23.675306°S 70.404271°W / -23.675306; -70.404271

4. Minhocão de Guadalupe - Guadalupe's Big Earthworm Residential 1950 320 m Rio de Janeiro Brazil

22°58′47″S 43°13′49″W / 22.979658°S 43.230245°W / -22.979658; -43.230245

5. Plataforma Gubernamental de Gestión Financiera Public service 2017 310 m Quito Ecuador 0°10′24″S 78°29′03″W / 0.1732°S 78.4841°W / -0.1732; -78.4841
6. Conjunto Residencial Alcalde Mendes de Moraes (Pedregulho) Residential 1947 270 m Rio de Janeiro Brazil 22°53′33″S 43°14′00″W / 22.8924°S 43.2332°W / -22.8924; -43.2332

Middle East[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Great Wall of Gorgan Fortification 224-651 AD 195,000m Iran
2. Terminal 3, Concourse B at the Dubai International Airport Airport terminal 2008 924m Dubai United Arab Emirates

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/gorgan-iv
  2. ^ http://www.rajasthaninfo.org/kumbhalgarh.htm
  3. ^ Ondaatje, Christopher (May 1996). Sindh revisited: a journey in the footsteps of Captain Sir Richard Burton : 1842-1849, the India years. HarperCollins Publishers. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-00-255436-7.
  4. ^ a b https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/
  5. ^ https://www.sejong.go.kr/eng/sub03_0112.do
  6. ^ Imfeld, Hans. "How Long is the SLAC Gallery? SLAC-PUB-12761, August 2007". Archived from the original on 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
  7. ^ https://earth.esa.int/web/earth-watching/image-of-the-week/content/-/article/three-gorges-dam-china-landsat
  8. ^ Cargo Mega Terminal at Dubai Airports Archived 2012-06-23 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Alaska Structures. "Conveyer Pipeline Enclosures." Alaska Structures. Retrieved 21 August 2014
  10. ^ Какой должна была бы главная площадь города, если б все мечты архитекторов сбылись // ТВ-21
  11. ^ http://inspirehep.net/record/759868/files/slac-pub-12761.pdf
  12. ^ Alaska Structures. "Conveyer Pipeline Enclosures." Alaska Structures. Retrieved 21 August 2014
  13. ^ a b Galeno, Claudio. "Ricardo Pulgar San Martín, el conjunto habitacional Gran Vía y el edificio Huanchaca". In: Muñoz, María Dolores (ed.), et al. Docomomo Chile: Trayectorias de la ciudad moderna. Concepción: Universidad de Concepción, 2012, p.145-149.