List of longest buildings

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This is a list of the longest[clarification needed] single-segment buildings (excluding those not intended for human occupancy) in the world, and broken down by continent (which are not included in the world section).

World[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1 Great Wall of China fortification 200BC–17th century 8,851,800 m China 40°40′37″N 117°13′55″E / 40.67693°N 117.23193°E / 40.67693; 117.23193
2 Kumbhalgarh fortification 15th century 36,000 m[1] India
3 Ranikot Fort fortification 17th century 26,000 m[2] Pakistan
4 Walls of Ston fortification 1461 5500 m Ston Croatia
5 LIGO-Livingston observatory 1994–1999 each arm 4000 m[3] Louisiana United States
6 Klystron gallery above the Stanford Linear Accelerator research facility 1962–1966 3073.72 m[4] Menlo Park, California United States 37°24′53″N 122°13′18″W / 37.41472°N 122.22167°W / 37.41472; -122.22167
7 Fenestrelle Fort fortification 1728-1850 3000+ Fenestrelle Italy 45°01′47″N 7°03′38″E / 45.02972°N 7.06056°E / 45.02972; 7.06056
8 Three Gorges Dam dam 1994-2008 2,335 m[5] China
9 Modlin Fortress barracks 1832–1862 2250 m Poland
10 Moscow Kremlin Wall fortification 1485–1495 2235 m Moscow Russia 55°45′06″N 37°37′04″E / 55.751667°N 37.617778°E / 55.751667; 37.617778
11 Dubai International Airport Cargo Gateway airport terminal 2008 1774 m[6] Dubai United Arab Emirates 25°15′00″N 55°21′32″E / 25.24991°N 55.35893°E / 25.24991; 55.35893
12 Apartment house on Sobornosti av. and Molodi st. apartment house 1970-s 1750 m Lutsk Ukraine 50°45′40″N 25°22′07″E / 50.761219°N 25.368719°E / 50.761219; 25.368719
13 Kansai International Airport airport terminal 1991–1994 1700 m Osaka Japan
14 Red Dog Mine Conveyer Enclosure.[7] zinc mine conveyer enclosure 1991 1700 m Alaska United States
15 McNamara Terminal Concourse A
at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
airport terminal 2002 1600 m Detroit, Michigan United States
16 Apartment house on Kolsky av. and Beringa st. apartment house 1970-s 1488 m[8] Murmansk Russia 68°55′05″N 33°05′40″E / 68.918002°N 33.094526°E / 68.918002; 33.094526

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Great Wall of China fortification 200BC–17th century 8,851.8 km China
3 Ranikot Fort fortification 17th century 8.6 km Pakistan
4 Kansai International Airport airport terminal 1991–1994 1700 m Osaka Japan

Europe[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Walls of Ston fortification 1461 5500 m Ston Croatia
2. Venetian Walls of Candia fortification 1462–1560 4300 m Heraklion Greece 35°19′55″N 25°07′50″E / 35.331987°N 25.130427°E / 35.331987; 25.130427
3. Fenestrelle Fort fortification 1728-1850 3000+ Fenestrelle Italy 45°01′47″N 7°03′38″E / 45.02972°N 7.06056°E / 45.02972; 7.06056
4. Modlin Fortress barracks 1832–1862 2250 m Poland
5. Moscow Kremlin Wall fortification 1485–1495 2235 m Moscow Russia 55°45′06″N 37°37′04″E / 55.751667°N 37.617778°E / 55.751667; 37.617778
6. Apartment house on Sobornosti av. and Molodi st. apartment house 1970-s 1750 m Lutsk Ukraine 50°45′40″N 25°22′07″E / 50.761219°N 25.368719°E / 50.761219; 25.368719
7. Apartment house on Kolsky av. and Beringa st. apartment house 1970-s 1488 m[9] Murmansk Russia 68°55′05″N 33°05′40″E / 68.918002°N 33.094526°E / 68.918002; 33.094526
8. Bymuren 1-175 residential building 1972–1974 1475 m Denmark
9. Apartment house on Akademika Zabolotnogo st. apartment house 1969–1980 1240 m Kyiv Ukraine 50°21′51″N 30°27′48″E / 50.364066°N 30.463371°E / 50.364066; 30.463371
10. Terminal 4
at the Madrid-Barajas Airport
airport terminal 2006 1175 m Madrid Spain
11. Karl Marx-Hof residential building 1927–1930 1100 m Vienna Austria
12. "Le Lignon" residential building 1963–1971 1060 m Geneva Switzerland
13. "Lange Jammer"
Längstes Hochhaus der Welt
mit 60 Meter Höhe und 1000 Meter Länge
1968–2010 1000 m Märkisches Viertel Germany
14. "Corviale" is the longest with a unique body, and parallelepiped building shape residential building 1972–1982 1000 m Rome Italy 41°51′03″N 12°24′42″E / 41.850959°N 12.411654°E / 41.850959; 12.411654
15. Turbine hall
of the Greifswald Nuclear Power Plant
turbine hall 955 m Lubmin Germany 54°08′33″N 13°39′36″E / 54.142391°N 13.660035°E / 54.142391; 13.660035
16. Falowiec residential building 1970–1973 860 m Gdańsk Poland (satellite photo)
17. "Chinese wall" (Great Wall of China)
[clarification needed]
residential building 1971–1974 ~830 m Dnipropetrovsk Ukraine 48°25′03″N 35°03′40″E / 48.417367°N 35.061021°E / 48.417367; 35.061021
18. "Kilometergebäude"
at Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base
820 m Fürstenfeldbruck Germany 48°11′50″N 11°16′32″E / 48.197118°N 11.275449°E / 48.197118; 11.275449
19. Turbine hall
of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
turbine hall 803 m Chernobyl Ukraine 51°23′19″N 30°06′23″E / 51.388749°N 30.106326°E / 51.388749; 30.106326
20. Serpentin (longest of buildings forming the) at Les Courtillières. Whole structure is over 1.1 km long in 3 buildings. Architect: Émile Aillaud. residential building 1955–1956 ~700 m Pantin France 48°54′46″N 2°24′39″E / 48.912643°N 2.410716°E / 48.912643; 2.410716
21. Karlsborg Fortress fortification 1819–1870 678 m Sweden

Note. The Kraft durch Freude seaside resort Prora consists of eight separate buildings, each measuring ~486 m [1].

Thermal power stations in Russia and other parts of former Soviet Union often have also long buildings. According to Wikimapia the building of Ekibastus GRES-1 is 537 metres that of Luganskaya GRES north of Schastia, Ukraine 672 metres long.

North America[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. LIGO-Livingston observatory 1994–1999 each arm 4000 m[3] Louisiana United States
2. Klystron gallery
above the Stanford Linear Accelerator
research facility 1962–1966 3073.72 m[10] Menlo Park, California United States

37°24′53″N 122°13′18″W / 37.41472°N 122.22167°W / 37.41472; -122.22167

3. McNamara Terminal Concourse A
at the Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport
airport terminal 2002 1600 m Detroit, Michigan United States

Oceania[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Willsmere - Kew Asylum residential 1871 950 m Kew, Victoria Australia
2. Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre exhibition centre 1996 450 m Melbourne, Victoria Australia
3. The Great Southern Stand
at the Melbourne Cricket Ground
stadium 1996 400 m Melbourne, Victoria Australia
4. Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre exhibition centre 1988 310 m Sydney, New South Wales Australia
5. Flinders Street Station railway station 1910 280 m Melbourne, Victoria Australia

South America[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Central Institute of Sciences (ICC) of the University of Brasília university 1961 700 m Brasília, Federal District (Brazil) Brazil

15°45′48″S 47°52′10″W / 15.763369°S 47.869451°W / -15.763369; -47.869451

2. Edificio Caliche, Conjunto Habitacional Gran Vía - Caliche Building, Gran Vía housing complex [11] residential 1970-1974 680 m Antofagasta Chile

23°40′34″S 70°24′14″W / 23.676206°S 70.403977°W / -23.676206; -70.403977

3. Minhocão de Guadalupe - Guadalupe's Big Earthworm residential 1950 460 m Guadalupe, Rio de Janeiro Brazil

22°58′47″S 43°13′49″W / 22.979658°S 43.230245°W / -22.979658; -43.230245

4. Edificio Huanchaca (Curvo), Conjunto Habitacional Gran Vía - Huanchaca Building, Gran Vía housing complex[11] residential 1967-1969 380 m Antofagasta Chile

23°40′31″S 70°24′15″W / 23.675306°S 70.404271°W / -23.675306; -70.404271

5. Plataforma Gubernamental de Gestión Financiera public service 2017 310 m Quito, Metropolitan District of Quito Ecuador

Middle East[edit]

No. Building Type Year(s) built Length City Country Coordinates
1. Terminal 3, Concourse 2 at the Dubai International Airport Airport terminal 2008 924m Dubai United Arab Emirates

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.rajasthaninfo.org/kumbhalgarh.htm
  2. ^ Ondaatje, Christopher (May 1996). Sindh revisited: a journey in the footsteps of Captain Sir Richard Burton : 1842-1849, the India years. HarperCollins Publishers. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-00-255436-7. 
  3. ^ a b https://www.ligo.caltech.edu/
  4. ^ Imfeld, Hans. "How Long is the SLAC Gallery? SLAC-PUB-12761, August 2007". Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  5. ^ https://earth.esa.int/web/earth-watching/image-of-the-week/content/-/article/three-gorges-dam-china-landsat
  6. ^ Cargo Mega Terminal at Dubai Airports
  7. ^ Alaska Structures. "Conveyer Pipeline Enclosures." Alaska Structures. Retrieved 21 August 2014
  8. ^ Яндекс.Карты
  9. ^ Какой должна была бы главная площадь города, если б все мечты архитекторов сбылись // ТВ-21
  10. ^ http://inspirehep.net/record/759868/files/slac-pub-12761.pdf
  11. ^ a b Galeno, Claudio. "Ricardo Pulgar San Martín, el conjunto habitacional Gran Vía y el edificio Huanchaca". In: Muñoz, María Dolores (ed.), et al. Docomomo Chile: Trayectorias de la ciudad moderna. Concepción: Universidad de Concepción, 2012, p.145-149.