List of longest masonry arch bridge spans

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The masonry arch bridges of stone or brick are the most genuine of arch bridges, some lasting a thousand years. Because they are made of worked stone, there is a slight chance they might even stand without mortar, like the Pont du Gard aqueduct. Yet arch bridges using rough hewn stones like Changhong Bridge need mortar to stand. Arches with a core of reinforced concrete covered by facade stone for decoration are not to be included in this list, the load-bearing part of the arch should be cut stone or brick, or as follows, unreinforced concrete.

In a closed spandrel stone arch bridge the hollow space can be filled with rubble and loose material. It can also be filled with concrete, in which case the filling itself become able to bear load in addition to the load carried by the ring of voussoirs. If the voussoir stones are thin they can not take a lot of weight so instead it is the concrete filling that becomes the structural part of the arch. The next step is to remove the voussoir stones completely, or only use them as facade stones. An unreinforced concrete arch is technically a masonry arch that use only very small stones, that is the aggregate of the concrete, sand and gravel. Such an arch would not stand without mortar.

Some modern bridges are built masonry style with precast concrete blocks, like Gladesville Bridge that has a span of 305 metres (1000 ft). These types are not in this list because their blocks are most likely made of reinforced concrete, that may make the assembled arch to have more in common with a modern reinforced concrete arch than a stone masonry arch.

The Maidenhead Railway Bridge may have the two longest arches made of bricks, 39 metres (128 ft).

Building new masonry arch bridges today is a solely Chinese business. There are 18 stone arch bridges with spans exceeding 100 m (330 ft).[1] There are probably several dozens of stone arches exceeding 40m in the Fujian province only.[2] Almost all bridges were built after 1950.

This list contains the longest masonry arch spans ever built being at least 50 metres (164 ft).

    Rank Name Span
metres
Span
feet
Note Year opened Location Country Ref
1 Danhe Bridge (fr)
丹河大桥
146 m 479 ft Concrete deck
2001
Jincheng, Shanxi
35°28′15.0″N 112°59′43.0″E / 35.470833°N 112.995278°E / 35.470833; 112.995278
 China [3]
2 Wuchaohe Bridge
乌巢河大桥
120 m 394 ft Concrete deck
1990
Fenghuang County, Hunan
28°04′42.3″N 109°23′58.7″E / 28.078417°N 109.399639°E / 28.078417; 109.399639
 China [S 1]
3 Jiuxigou Bridge
九溪溝橋
116 m 381 ft Concrete deck
1972
Fengdu County, Chongqing
29°47′09.1″N 107°49′27.9″E / 29.785861°N 107.824417°E / 29.785861; 107.824417
 China [S 2]
4 Changhong Bridge
长虹桥
112 m 367 ft
1961
Kaiyuan, Yunnan
23°48′55.9″N 103°16′34.4″E / 23.815528°N 103.276222°E / 23.815528; 103.276222
 China [S 3]
5 Fushun Tuojiang Bridge
富顺红旗大桥
111 m 364 ft
1968
Fushun County, Sichuan
29°10′57.8″N 105°00′22.1″E / 29.182722°N 105.006139°E / 29.182722; 105.006139
 China [4]
6 Shengli Bridge
108 m 354 ft
1989
 China [4]
7 First Sizhuang Bridge
108 m 354 ft
1996
 China [4]
8 Xianfeng Aqueduct Bridge
险峰渡槽
106 m 348 ft
1976
Ci County, Hebei
36°25′01.6″N 114°05′23.7″E / 36.417111°N 114.089917°E / 36.417111; 114.089917
 China [5]
9 Huwan Bridge
105 m 344 ft
1972
Henan  China [6]
10 New Tongshan Bridge
105 m 344 ft
1977
 China [4]
11 First Danhe Bridge
105 m 344 ft
1983
 China [4]
12 Jiangpinghe Bridge
105 m 344 ft
1990
 China [4]
13 Yugong Bridge
102 m 335 ft
1970
 China [4]
14 Gongtan Bridge
100 m 328 ft
1954
 China [4]
15 Youduhe Bridge
游渡河大桥
100 m 328 ft
1973
Jiangjin District, Chongqing
28°52′23.4″N 106°20′12.4″E / 28.873167°N 106.336778°E / 28.873167; 106.336778
 China [4]
16 Hongdu Bridge
红渡桥
100 m 328 ft
1977
Mashan County - Du'an County, Guangxi
23°50′29.2″N 108°09′04.1″E / 23.841444°N 108.151139°E / 23.841444; 108.151139
 China [S 4]
17 Longwu Bridge
100 m 328 ft
1979
Guangxi  China [6]
18 Fujin Bridge
100 m 328 ft
2003
 China [4]
19 Jianjin Bridge
100 m 328 ft  China
20 Daliushu Bridge
100 m 328 ft  China
21 Jin-shan Bridge
金山大桥
99 m 325 ft
1972
Hua'an County, Fujian
24°55′23.7″N 117°30′16.7″E / 24.923250°N 117.504639°E / 24.923250; 117.504639
 China [4]
22 Xiaoduchuan Bridge
现有红江桥
97 m 318 ft
1970
Enshi City, Hubei
30°17′50.7″N 109°28′45.2″E / 30.297417°N 109.479222°E / 30.297417; 109.479222
 China [7]
Villeneuve-sur-Lot - Pont de la Libération -122.jpg 23 Pont de la Libération (fr)
96 m 315 ft Unreinforced concrete arches
Concrete deck
1919
Villeneuve-sur-Lot, Lot-et-Garonne
44°24′17.2″N 0°42′20.5″E / 44.404778°N 0.705694°E / 44.404778; 0.705694
 France [S 5]
Syratalviadukt Plauen (Friedensbruecke).jpg 24 Syratal Viaduct (de)
90 m 295 ft
1905
Plauen, Saxony
50°29′56.4″N 12°07′35.8″E / 50.499000°N 12.126611°E / 50.499000; 12.126611
 Germany [S 6]
Grutas de Longmen em Luoyang - China (6972397596).jpg 25 Longmen Bridge
龙门大桥
90 m 295 ft Two 60 meters side spans
1961
Luoyang, Henan
34°33′33.0″N 112°28′21.4″E / 34.559167°N 112.472611°E / 34.559167; 112.472611
 China [S 7]
Solkanski most čez Sočo2.jpg 26 Solkan Bridge 85 m 279 ft Destroyed in 1916
Rebuilt in 1927
1906
Nova Gorica, Goriška
45°58′43.5″N 13°39′06.3″E / 45.978750°N 13.651750°E / 45.978750; 13.651750
 Slovenia [S 8]
Adolphe Bridge, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (15590674887)2.jpg 27 Adolphe Bridge 84 m 276 ft Concrete deck
1904
Luxembourg City
49°36′30.5″N 6°07′36.9″E / 49.608472°N 6.126917°E / 49.608472; 6.126917
 Luxembourg [S 9]
Pont des pierres - Montanges-1-edit.jpg 28 Bridge of Stones (fr)
Pont des Pierres
80 m 262 ft Destroyed in 1944
1910
Montanges, Ain
46°09′55.0″N 5°48′40.3″E / 46.165278°N 5.811194°E / 46.165278; 5.811194
 France [S 10]
Viaduc de Roizonne (32238881910)2.jpeg 29 Roizonne Viaduct (fr)
79 m 259 ft
1928
La Mure, Isère
44°54′51.0″N 5°49′44.7″E / 44.914167°N 5.829083°E / 44.914167; 5.829083
 France [S 11]
Castello di Trezzo1.JPG 30 Trezzo sull'Adda Bridge 72 m 236 ft Destroyed in 1416
1377
Trezzo sull'Adda, Lombardy
45°36′43.8″N 9°31′24.7″E / 45.612167°N 9.523528°E / 45.612167; 9.523528
 Italy [S 12]
Klaus Steyrling Brücke Pyhrnbahn.JPG 31 Steyrling Bridge 70 m 230 ft
1904
Steyrling, Upper Austria
47°48′15.4″N 14°09′47.5″E / 47.804278°N 14.163194°E / 47.804278; 14.163194
 Austria [8]
قنطرة سيدي راشد والزاوية.JPG 32 Sidi Rached Bridge (fr)
68 m 223 ft
1912
Constantine, Constantine Province
36°21′45.1″N 6°36′49.6″E / 36.362528°N 6.613778°E / 36.362528; 6.613778
 Algeria [S 13]
Union Arch Bridge MD 2008.jpg 33 Union Arch Bridge 67 m 220 ft
1864
Cabin John, Maryland
38°58′22.1″N 77°08′54.8″W / 38.972806°N 77.148556°W / 38.972806; -77.148556
 United States [S 14]
Sonnborner + Siegfriedstraße 03 ies.jpg 34 Sonnborner Eisenbahnbrücke (de)
66 m 217 ft
1914
Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia
51°14′30.4″N 7°06′11.3″E / 51.241778°N 7.103139°E / 51.241778; 7.103139
 Germany [S 15]
Veresk Bridge 3.jpg 35 Veresk Bridge 66 m 217 ft
1936
Veresk, Mazandaran Province
35°54′12.0″N 52°59′24.9″E / 35.903333°N 52.990250°E / 35.903333; 52.990250
 Iran [S 16]
Wutach-Wanderung August 2005 Black forest.jpg 36 Gutach Bridge 64 m 210 ft
1900
Lenzkirch, Baden-Württemberg
47°53′00.4″N 8°15′08.0″E / 47.883444°N 8.252222°E / 47.883444; 8.252222
 Germany [S 17]
König-Ludwig-Brücke Obere Illerbrücken Kempten (Foto Hilarmont).jpg 37 Kempten Iller Road Bridge (de)
64 m 210 ft Tamped concrete arch
1906
Kempten, Bavaria
47°42′54.9″N 10°19′19.1″E / 47.715250°N 10.321972°E / 47.715250; 10.321972
 Germany [S 18]
Obere Illerbrücken Sommer2014.JPG 38 Kempten Iller Railway Bridge (de)
64 m 210 ft Tamped concrete arch
1906
Kempten, Bavaria
47°42′53.2″N 10°19′19.7″E / 47.714778°N 10.322139°E / 47.714778; 10.322139
 Germany [S 18]
39 La Balme Bridge (fr)
64 m 210 ft
1946
Peyrieu, Ain - La Balme, Savoie
45°42′32.3″N 5°43′36.3″E / 45.708972°N 5.726750°E / 45.708972; 5.726750
 France [S 19]
Au-Haidhausen, Munich, Germany - panoramio (32).jpg 40 Luitpold Bridge (de)
63 m 207 ft
1901
Munich, Bavaria
48°08′30.2″N 11°35′42.7″E / 48.141722°N 11.595194°E / 48.141722; 11.595194
 Germany [S 20]
MunichMaxJosephBruecke1.jpg 41 Max-Joseph Bridge (de)
63 m 207 ft
1902
Munich, Bavaria
48°08′57.0″N 11°35′54.7″E / 48.149167°N 11.598528°E / 48.149167; 11.598528
 Germany [S 21]
River Dee, Grosvenor Bridge near to Handbridge, Cheshire, Great Britain.jpg 42 Grosvenor Bridge 61 m 200 ft
1832
Chester, North West England
53°11′00.9″N 2°53′46.0″E / 53.183583°N 2.896111°E / 53.183583; 2.896111
 England [S 22]
Lavaur - Viaduc Séjourné sur l'Agout -2.jpg 43 Lavaur Viaduct (fr)
61 m 200 ft
1884
Lavaur, Tarn
43°42′11.8″N 1°49′26.5″E / 43.703278°N 1.824028°E / 43.703278; 1.824028
 France [S 23]
44 Pont du Gour Noir 60 m 197 ft
1889
Uzerche - Saint-Ybard, Corrèze
45°25′10.0″N 1°32′01.0″E / 45.419444°N 1.533611°E / 45.419444; 1.533611
 France [S 24]
GöhrenMuldebrücke.JPG 45 Wechselburg-Göhrer Bridge 60 m 197 ft
1904
Wechselburg, Saxony
50°58′46.3″N 12°45′52.2″E / 50.979528°N 12.764500°E / 50.979528; 12.764500
 Germany [S 25]
Orkla bru hurtigtog.jpg 46 Orkla Bridge (no)
60 m 197 ft
1921
Rennebu, Sør-Trøndelag
62°43′30.4″N 9°59′49.7″E / 62.725111°N 9.997139°E / 62.725111; 9.997139
 Norway [9]
47 Huanghugang Bridge
黄虎港大桥
60 m 197 ft
1959
Hupingshanzhen, Hunan
29°55′41.2″N 110°47′31.6″E / 29.928111°N 110.792111°E / 29.928111; 110.792111
 China [S 26]
48 Wallstraßenbrücke 57 m 187 ft Tamped concrete arch
Destroyed in 1945
1905
Ulm, Baden-Württemberg  Germany [S 27]
PanoramaSkodjebroene2.jpg 49 Skodje Bridge 57 m 187 ft
1922
Skodje, Møre og Romsdal
62°30′09.1″N 6°36′59.6″E / 62.502528°N 6.616556°E / 62.502528; 6.616556
 Norway [10][9]
Escot - pont ferrovaire -2.JPG 50 Escot Viaduct 56 m 184 ft
1909
Escot, Pyrénées-Atlantiques
43°04′14.0″N 0°36′21.6″W / 43.070556°N 0.606000°W / 43.070556; -0.606000
 France [S 28]
Ballochmyle Viaduct, Mauchline, Scotland.jpg 51 Ballochmyle Viaduct 55 m 180 ft
1848
Mauchline - Catrine, East Ayrshire
55°29′58.1″N 4°21′44.7″W / 55.499472°N 4.362417°W / 55.499472; -4.362417
 Scotland [S 29]
Wiesener Viadukt2.jpg 52 Wiesen Viaduct 55 m 180 ft
1909
Davos Wiesen, Grisons
46°41′39.9″N 9°42′46.3″W / 46.694417°N 9.712861°W / 46.694417; -9.712861
  Switzerland [S 30]
Viaduc de Pélussin (9921487866).jpg 53 Pélussin Viaduct (fr)
55 m 180 ft
1919
Pélussin, Loire
45°24′57.0″N 4°40′43.3″E / 45.415833°N 4.678694°E / 45.415833; 4.678694
 France [S 31]
Vue générale prise des berges, Rabastens (6028757118).jpg 54 Rabastens Bridge 55 m
(x2)
180 ft
(x2)
Concrete deck
1924
Rabastens - Coufouleux, Tarn
43°49′11.7″N 1°43′35.5″E / 43.819917°N 1.726528°E / 43.819917; 1.726528
 France [S 32]
Pont Vieille-Brioude.jpg 55 Pont de Vieille-Brioude 54 m 177 ft Destroyed many times
Rebuilt in 1832 with 45 meters span
1479
Vieille-Brioude, Haute-Loire
45°15′38.2″N 3°24′30.6″E / 45.260611°N 3.408500°E / 45.260611; 3.408500
 France [S 33]
Jora bru.JPG 56 Jora Bridge (no)
54 m 177 ft
1918
Dombås, Oppland
62°05′35.3″N 9°06′19.5″E / 62.093139°N 9.105417°E / 62.093139; 9.105417
 Norway [9]
57 Yixiantian Bridge
一线天桥
54 m 177 ft Concrete deck
1966
Hanyuan County, Sichuan
29°18′24.1″N 102°57′04.3″E / 29.306694°N 102.951194°E / 29.306694; 102.951194
 China [S 34]
Chemins de fer de l'Hérault - Gignac le pont.jpg 58 Gignac Bridge 50 m 164 ft
1810
Gignac, Hérault
43°39′13.2″N 3°32′08.0″E / 43.653667°N 3.535556°E / 43.653667; 3.535556
 France [S 35]
59 Nogent-sur-Marne Viaduct (fr)
50 m
(x4)
164 ft
(x4)
Destroyed during the World War II
1856
Nogent-sur-Marne, Val-de-Marne
48°49′55.9″N 2°29′48.3″E / 48.832194°N 2.496750°E / 48.832194; 2.496750
 France [S 36]
60 Munderkingen Bridge 50 m 164 ft Tamped concrete arch
Destroyed in 1945
1893
Munderkingen, Baden-Württemberg
48°14′13.8″N 9°38′37.2″E / 48.237167°N 9.643667°E / 48.237167; 9.643667
 Germany [S 37]
Viaduc-Eaux-salées60.JPG 61 Eaux-salées Viaduct (fr)
50 m 164 ft
1914
Carry-le-Rouet, Bouches-du-Rhône
43°19′58.1″N 5°11′06.2″E / 43.332806°N 5.185056°E / 43.332806; 5.185056
 France [S 38]
62 Tveitsund Bridge (no) 50 m 164 ft
1918
Treungen, Telemark
59°01′03.9″N 8°31′28.4″E / 59.017750°N 8.524556°E / 59.017750; 8.524556
 Norway [9]
Baisha Bridge of Jiande.jpg 63 Baisha Bridge (zh)
白沙大桥
50 m
(x2)
164 ft
(x2)
1960
Jiande, Zhejiang
29°28′12.8″N 119°16′43.1″E / 29.470222°N 119.278639°E / 29.470222; 119.278639
 China [S 39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Structurae.com, International Database for Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Others references
  1. ^ Hu, C-W; Hu; Liu; Zhou (2001). "The longest span stone arch bridge in the world". ARCH'01 (PDF). Paris: Presses des Ponts. p. 667. ISBN 9782859783471. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  2. ^ Ou, Z.; Chen, B. Stone arch bridges in Fujian, China (PDF). Fuzhou University. p. 271. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Shanxi Danhe Bridge". Arch-bridges.cn. College of Civil Engineering, Fuzhou University, China. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Handbook of International Bridge Engineering, p. 1322.
  5. ^ "险峰渡槽". Ccxbk.info (in Chinese). Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Brucken, p. 209.
  7. ^ "这次是真的了吧,闲置8年的红江桥明年2月通车". V4.cc (in Chinese). Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Humar, Gorazd. World famous arch bridges in Slovenia. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d Steinhvelvbruer, Vegvesenets Håndbokserie (PDF) (in Norwegian). 230. Statens Vegvesen. December 2002. p. 66. ISBN 82-7207-522-9. 
  10. ^ Enkeltobjekter 131-158 (Nord-Trøndelag, Sør Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal og Sogn og Fjordane) (PDF). Norwegian Public Roads Administration. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 

Further reading[edit]