List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Nazrin Shah of Perak, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is the current longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952 and is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

Rank Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1. Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 92 years, 87 days 6 February 1952 66 years, 161 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2. Jamaica 6 August 1962 55 years, 345 days
3. Barbados 30 November 1966 51 years, 229 days
4. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 72 years, 2 days 5 October 1967 50 years, 285 days
5. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 77 years, 241 days 23 July 1970 47 years, 359 days
6. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 78 years, 92 days 14 January 1972 46 years, 184 days
7. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 79 years, 11 days 25 January 1972 46 years, 173 days
8. Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 92 years, 87 days 10 July 1973 45 years, 7 days
9. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 72 years, 78 days 15 September 1973 44 years, 305 days
10. Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 92 years, 87 days 7 February 1974 44 years, 160 days
11. Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia) 24 October 1930 87 years, 266 days 8 May 1974 44 years, 70 days
12. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 69 years, 295 days 18 September 1974 43 years, 302 days
13. Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 92 years, 87 days 16 September 1975 42 years, 304 days
14. Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 40 years, 10 days
15. Tuvalu 1 October 1978 39 years, 289 days
16. Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 39 years, 145 days
17. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 38 years, 263 days
18. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 87 years, 197 days 6 September 1981 36 years, 314 days
19. Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 92 years, 87 days 21 September 1981 36 years, 299 days
20. Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 36 years, 258 days
21. Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 34 years, 301 days
22. Mswati III Swaziland 19 April 1968 50 years, 89 days 25 April 1986 32 years, 83 days
23. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 84 years, 206 days 7 January 1989 29 years, 191 days
24. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 73 years, 153 days 13 November 1989 28 years, 246 days
25. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 81 years, 146 days 17 January 1991 27 years, 181 days
26. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 55 years, 0 days 7 February 1996
(previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995)
26 years, 231 days[1]
27. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 56 years, 176 days 15 May 1998 20 years, 63 days
28. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 56 years, 168 days 7 February 1999 19 years, 160 days
29. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 68 years, 170 days 6 March 1999 19 years, 133 days
30. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 54 years, 330 days 23 July 1999 18 years, 359 days
31. Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 75 years, 61 days 17 April 2000 18 years, 91 days
32. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 63 years, 92 days 7 October 2000 17 years, 283 days
33. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 72 years, 218 days 22 November 2001 16 years, 237 days
34. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 65 years, 64 days 14 October 2004 13 years, 276 days
35. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 7 September 1948 69 years, 313 days 2 November 2004 13 years, 257 days
36. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 60 years, 125 days 6 April 2005 13 years, 102 days
37. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 69 years, 2 days 4 January 2006 12 years, 194 days
38. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 89 years, 31 days 29 January 2006 12 years, 169 days
39. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 38 years, 146 days 9 December 2006 11 years, 220 days
40. Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 70 years, 184 days 29 December 2008 9 years, 200 days
41. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 65 years, 289 days 2 January 2009 9 years, 196 days
42. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 59 years, 237 days 23 January 2010 8 years, 175 days
43. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia)[2] 6 October 1969 48 years, 284 days 13 September 2010 7 years, 307 days
44. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 62 years, 157 days 27 October 2010 7 years, 263 days
45. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 59 years, 5 days 18 March 2012 6 years, 121 days
46. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 81 years, 212 days 13 March 2013 5 years, 126 days
47. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 51 years, 81 days 30 April 2013 5 years, 78 days
48. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 38 years, 44 days 25 June 2013 5 years, 22 days
49. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 58 years, 93 days 21 July 2013 4 years, 361 days
50. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 61 years, 232 days 29 May 2014 4 years, 49 days
51. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 50 years, 168 days 19 June 2014 4 years, 28 days
52. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 82 years, 198 days 23 January 2015 3 years, 175 days
53. Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 65 years, 354 days 13 October 2016 1 year, 277 days
54. Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 76 years, 78 days 11 September 2017 309 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  2. ^ Muhammad V is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 1 year, 216 days (13 December 2016).