List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territory such as Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto who is the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is the current longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952 and is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

Rank Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1. Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 93 years, 119 days 6 February 1952 67 years, 193 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2. Jamaica 6 August 1962 57 years, 12 days
3. Barbados 30 November 1966 52 years, 261 days
4. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 73 years, 34 days 5 October 1967 51 years, 317 days
5. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 78 years, 273 days 23 July 1970 49 years, 26 days
6. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 79 years, 124 days 14 January 1972 47 years, 216 days
7. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 80 years, 43 days 25 January 1972 47 years, 205 days
8. Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 93 years, 119 days 10 July 1973 46 years, 39 days
9. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 73 years, 110 days 15 September 1973 45 years, 337 days
10. Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 93 years, 119 days 7 February 1974 45 years, 192 days
11. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 70 years, 327 days 18 September 1974 44 years, 334 days
12. Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 93 years, 119 days 16 September 1975 43 years, 336 days
13. Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 41 years, 42 days
14. Tuvalu 1 October 1978 40 years, 321 days
15. Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 40 years, 177 days
16. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 39 years, 295 days
17. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 88 years, 229 days 6 September 1981 37 years, 346 days
18. Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 93 years, 119 days 21 September 1981 37 years, 331 days
19. Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 37 years, 290 days
20. Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 35 years, 333 days
21. Mswati III Eswatini[1] 19 April 1968 51 years, 121 days 25 April 1986 33 years, 115 days
22. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 74 years, 185 days 13 November 1989 29 years, 278 days
23. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 82 years, 178 days 17 January 1991 28 years, 213 days
24. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 56 years, 32 days 7 February 1996
(previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995)
27 years, 263 days[2]
25. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 57 years, 208 days 15 May 1998 21 years, 95 days
26. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 57 years, 200 days 7 February 1999 20 years, 192 days
27. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 69 years, 202 days 6 March 1999 20 years, 165 days
28. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 55 years, 362 days 23 July 1999 20 years, 26 days
29. Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 76 years, 93 days 17 April 2000 19 years, 123 days
30. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 64 years, 124 days 7 October 2000 18 years, 315 days
31. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 73 years, 250 days 22 November 2001 17 years, 269 days
32. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 66 years, 96 days 14 October 2004 14 years, 308 days
33. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 7 September 1948 70 years, 345 days 2 November 2004 14 years, 289 days
34. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 61 years, 157 days 6 April 2005 14 years, 134 days
35. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 70 years, 34 days 4 January 2006 13 years, 226 days
36. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 90 years, 63 days 29 January 2006 13 years, 201 days
37. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 39 years, 178 days 9 December 2006 12 years, 252 days
38. Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 71 years, 216 days 29 December 2008 10 years, 232 days
39. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 66 years, 321 days 2 January 2009 10 years, 228 days
40. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 60 years, 269 days 23 January 2010 9 years, 207 days
41. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 49 years, 316 days 13 September 2010 8 years, 339 days
42. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 63 years, 189 days 27 October 2010 8 years, 295 days
43. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 60 years, 37 days 18 March 2012 7 years, 153 days
44. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 82 years, 244 days 13 March 2013 6 years, 158 days
45. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 52 years, 113 days 30 April 2013 6 years, 110 days
46. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 39 years, 76 days 25 June 2013 6 years, 54 days
47. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 59 years, 125 days 21 July 2013 6 years, 28 days
48. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 62 years, 264 days 29 May 2014 5 years, 81 days
49. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 51 years, 200 days 19 June 2014 5 years, 60 days
50. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 83 years, 230 days 23 January 2015 4 years, 207 days
51. Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 67 years, 21 days 13 October 2016 2 years, 309 days
52. Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 77 years, 110 days 11 September 2017 1 year, 341 days
53. Abdullah Pahang (Malaysia)[3] 30 July 1959 60 years, 19 days 15 January 2019 215 days
54. Naruhito Japan 23 February 1960 59 years, 176 days 1 May 2019 109 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  2. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  3. ^ Abdullah is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 199 days (31 January 2019).