Current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Nazrin Shah of Perak, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Michael of Romania, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is the current longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952 and is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

Rank Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1. Elizabeth II United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand 21 April 1926 91 years, 107 days 6 February 1952 65 years, 181 days
2. Abdul Halim Kedah (Malaysia) 28 November 1927 89 years, 251 days 15 July 1958 59 years, 22 days
3. Elizabeth II Jamaica 21 April 1926 91 years, 107 days 6 August 1962 55 years, 0 days
4. Barbados 30 November 1966 50 years, 249 days
5. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 71 years, 22 days 4 October 1967 49 years, 306 days
6. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 76 years, 261 days 23 July 1970 47 years, 14 days
7. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 77 years, 112 days 14 January 1972 45 years, 204 days
8. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 78 years, 31 days 25 January 1972 45 years, 193 days
9. Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 91 years, 107 days 10 July 1973 44 years, 27 days
10. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 71 years, 98 days 15 September 1973 43 years, 325 days
11. Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 91 years, 107 days 7 February 1974 43 years, 180 days
12. Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia) 24 October 1930 86 years, 286 days 8 May 1974 43 years, 90 days
13. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 68 years, 315 days 18 September 1974 42 years, 322 days
14. Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 91 years, 107 days 16 September 1975 41 years, 324 days
15. Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 39 years, 30 days
16. Tuvalu 1 October 1978 38 years, 309 days
17. Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 38 years, 165 days
18. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 37 years, 283 days
19. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 86 years, 217 days 6 September 1981 35 years, 334 days
20. Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 91 years, 107 days 21 September 1981 35 years, 319 days
21. Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 35 years, 278 days
22. Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 33 years, 321 days
23. Mswati III Swaziland 19 April 1968 49 years, 109 days 25 April 1986 31 years, 103 days
24. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 83 years, 226 days 7 January 1989 28 years, 211 days
25. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 72 years, 173 days 13 November 1989 27 years, 266 days
26. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 80 years, 166 days 17 January 1991 26 years, 201 days
27. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 54 years, 20 days 7 February 1996
(previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995)
25 years, 251 days[1]
28. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 55 years, 196 days 15 May 1998 19 years, 83 days
29. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 55 years, 188 days 7 February 1999 18 years, 180 days
30. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 67 years, 190 days 6 March 1999 18 years, 153 days
31. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 53 years, 350 days 23 July 1999 18 years, 14 days
32. Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 74 years, 81 days 17 April 2000 17 years, 111 days
33. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 62 years, 112 days 7 October 2000 16 years, 303 days
34. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 71 years, 238 days 22 November 2001 15 years, 257 days
35. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 64 years, 84 days 14 October 2004 12 years, 296 days
36. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 25 January 1948 69 years, 193 days 3 November 2004 12 years, 276 days
37. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 59 years, 145 days 6 April 2005 12 years, 122 days
38. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 68 years, 22 days 4 January 2006 11 years, 214 days
39. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 88 years, 51 days 29 January 2006 11 years, 189 days
40. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 37 years, 166 days 9 December 2006 10 years, 240 days
41. Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 69 years, 204 days 29 December 2008 8 years, 220 days
42. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 64 years, 309 days 2 January 2009 8 years, 216 days
43. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 58 years, 257 days 23 January 2010 7 years, 195 days
44. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia)[2] 6 October 1969 47 years, 304 days 13 September 2010 6 years, 327 days
45. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 61 years, 177 days 27 October 2010 6 years, 283 days
46. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 58 years, 25 days 18 March 2012 5 years, 141 days
47. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 80 years, 232 days 13 March 2013 4 years, 146 days
48. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 50 years, 101 days 30 April 2013 4 years, 98 days
49. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 37 years, 64 days 25 June 2013 4 years, 42 days
50. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 57 years, 113 days 21 July 2013 4 years, 16 days
51. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 60 years, 252 days 29 May 2014 3 years, 69 days
52. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 49 years, 188 days 19 June 2014 3 years, 48 days
53. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 81 years, 218 days 23 January 2015 2 years, 195 days
54. Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 65 years, 9 days 13 October 2016 297 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  2. ^ Muhammad V is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 236 days (13 December 2016).