List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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Hassanal Bolkiah, the current longest-reigning monarch
Margrethe II of Denmark, the current longest-reigning and only female monarch

This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service.

This list includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territories such as the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso.

Hassanal Bolkiah is currently the longest-reigning monarch, having been Sultan of Brunei since 5 October 1967.[1] He became the longest-reigning monarch upon the death of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom on 8 September 2022.[2]

List[edit]

Rank Monarch State Born Current age Acceded Years reigned
Reigns as of 2 February 2023 T 04:44 (UTC)
1 Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 76 years, 202 days 5 October 1967 55 years, 120 days
2 Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 82 years, 292 days 14 January 1972 51 years, 19 days
3 Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 83 years, 211 days 25 January 1972 51 years, 8 days
4 Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 76 years, 278 days 15 September 1973 49 years, 140 days
5 Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 22 February 1949 73 years, 345 days 18 September 1974 48 years, 137 days
6 Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1 January 1931 92 years, 32 days 6 September 1981 41 years, 149 days
7 Mswati III Eswatini[a] 19 April 1968 54 years, 289 days 25 April 1986 36 years, 283 days
8 Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 77 years, 353 days 13 November 1989 33 years, 81 days
9 Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 85 years, 346 days 17 January 1991 32 years, 16 days
10 Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 59 years, 200 days 7 February 1996[b] 31 years, 66 days[b]
11 Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 61 years, 11 days 15 May 1998 24 years, 263 days
12 Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 61 years, 3 days 7 February 1999 23 years, 360 days
13 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 73 years, 5 days 6 March 1999 23 years, 333 days
14 Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 59 years, 165 days 23 July 1999 23 years, 194 days
15 Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 79 years, 261 days 17 April 2000 22 years, 291 days
16 Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 67 years, 292 days 7 October 2000 22 years, 118 days
17 Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 77 years, 53 days 22 November 2001 21 years, 72 days
18 Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 69 years, 264 days 14 October 2004 18 years, 111 days
19 Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 64 years, 325 days 6 April 2005 17 years, 302 days
20 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 73 years, 202 days 4 January 2006 17 years, 29 days
21 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 42 years, 346 days 9 December 2006 16 years, 55 days
22 Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 75 years, 19 days 29 December 2008 14 years, 35 days
23 Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 70 years, 124 days 2 January 2009 14 years, 31 days
24 Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 64 years, 72 days 23 January 2010 13 years, 10 days
25 Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 53 years, 119 days 13 September 2010 12 years, 142 days
26 Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 66 years, 357 days 27 October 2010 12 years, 98 days
27 Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 63 years, 205 days 18 March 2012 10 years, 321 days
28 Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 86 years, 47 days 13 March 2013 9 years, 326 days
29 Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 55 years, 281 days 30 April 2013 9 years, 278 days
30 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 42 years, 244 days 25 June 2013 9 years, 222 days
31 Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 62 years, 293 days 21 July 2013 9 years, 196 days
32 Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 66 years, 67 days 29 May 2014 8 years, 249 days
33 Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 55 years, 3 days 19 June 2014 8 years, 228 days
34 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 87 years, 33 days 23 January 2015 8 years, 10 days
35 Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 70 years, 189 days 13 October 2016 6 years, 112 days
36 Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 80 years, 278 days 11 September 2017 5 years, 144 days
37 Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia)[c] 30 July 1959 63 years, 187 days 15 January 2019 4 years, 18 days
38 Naruhito Japan 23 February 1960 62 years, 344 days 1 May 2019 3 years, 277 days
39 Haitham bin Tarik Al Said Oman 11 October 1954 68 years, 114 days 11 January 2020 3 years, 22 days
40 Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 25 June 1937 85 years, 222 days 29 September 2020 2 years, 126 days
41 Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 11 March 1961 61 years, 328 days 13 May 2022 265 days
42 Charles III Antigua and Barbuda 14 November 1948 74 years, 80 days 8 September 2022 147 days
Australia
Bahamas
Belize
Canada
Grenada
Jamaica
New Zealand
Papua New Guinea
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Solomon Islands
Tuvalu
United Kingdom

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  3. ^ Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 4 years, 2 days (since 31 January 2019).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sultan of Brunei becomes world's longest-serving monarch after Elizabeth II's passing". Arab News. 2022-09-09. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  2. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II has died". BBC News. 2022-09-08. Retrieved 2022-09-25.