Current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Nazrin Shah of Perak and Hamengkubuwono X of Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is the current longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952 and is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

Rank Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1. Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 91 years, 235 days 6 February 1952 65 years, 309 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2. Jamaica 6 August 1962 55 years, 128 days
3. Barbados 30 November 1966 51 years, 12 days
4. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 71 years, 150 days 4 October 1967 50 years, 69 days
5. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 77 years, 24 days 23 July 1970 47 years, 142 days
6. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 77 years, 240 days 14 January 1972 45 years, 332 days
7. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 78 years, 159 days 25 January 1972 45 years, 321 days
8. Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 91 years, 235 days 10 July 1973 44 years, 155 days
9. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 71 years, 226 days 15 September 1973 44 years, 88 days
10. Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 91 years, 235 days 7 February 1974 43 years, 308 days
11. Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia) 24 October 1930 87 years, 49 days 8 May 1974 43 years, 218 days
12. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 69 years, 78 days 18 September 1974 43 years, 85 days
13. Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 91 years, 235 days 16 September 1975 42 years, 87 days
14. Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 39 years, 158 days
15. Tuvalu 1 October 1978 39 years, 72 days
16. Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 38 years, 293 days
17. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 38 years, 46 days
18. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 86 years, 345 days 6 September 1981 36 years, 97 days
19. Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 91 years, 235 days 21 September 1981 36 years, 82 days
20. Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 36 years, 41 days
21. Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 34 years, 84 days
22. Mswati III Swaziland 19 April 1968 49 years, 237 days 25 April 1986 31 years, 231 days
23. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 83 years, 354 days 7 January 1989 28 years, 339 days
24. Hamengkubuwono X Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesia) 2 April 1946 71 years, 254 days 7 March 1989 28 years, 280 days
25. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 72 years, 301 days 13 November 1989 28 years, 29 days
26. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 80 years, 294 days 17 January 1991 26 years, 329 days
27. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 54 years, 148 days 7 February 1996
(previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995)
26 years, 14 days[1]
28. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 55 years, 324 days 15 May 1998 19 years, 211 days
29. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 55 years, 316 days 7 February 1999 18 years, 308 days
30. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 67 years, 318 days 6 March 1999 18 years, 281 days
31. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 54 years, 113 days 23 July 1999 18 years, 142 days
32. Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 74 years, 209 days 17 April 2000 17 years, 239 days
33. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 62 years, 240 days 7 October 2000 17 years, 66 days
34. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 72 years, 1 day 22 November 2001 16 years, 20 days
35. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 64 years, 212 days 14 October 2004 13 years, 59 days
36. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 25 January 1948 69 years, 321 days 2 November 2004 13 years, 40 days
37. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 59 years, 273 days 6 April 2005 12 years, 250 days
38. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 68 years, 150 days 4 January 2006 11 years, 342 days
39. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 88 years, 179 days 29 January 2006 11 years, 317 days
40. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 37 years, 294 days 9 December 2006 11 years, 3 days
41. Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 69 years, 332 days 29 December 2008 8 years, 348 days
42. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 65 years, 72 days 2 January 2009 8 years, 344 days
43. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 59 years, 20 days 23 January 2010 7 years, 323 days
44. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia)[2] 6 October 1969 48 years, 67 days 13 September 2010 7 years, 90 days
45. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 61 years, 305 days 27 October 2010 7 years, 46 days
46. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 58 years, 153 days 18 March 2012 5 years, 269 days
47. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 80 years, 360 days 13 March 2013 4 years, 274 days
48. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 50 years, 229 days 30 April 2013 4 years, 226 days
49. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 37 years, 192 days 25 June 2013 4 years, 170 days
50. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 57 years, 241 days 21 July 2013 4 years, 144 days
51. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 61 years, 15 days 29 May 2014 3 years, 197 days
52. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 49 years, 316 days 19 June 2014 3 years, 176 days
53. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 81 years, 346 days 23 January 2015 2 years, 323 days
54. Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 65 years, 137 days 13 October 2016 1 year, 60 days
55. Tunku Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 75 years, 226 days 11 September 2017 92 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  2. ^ Muhammad V is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 364 days (13 December 2016).