List of lost buildings and structures in Toronto

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This is a list of heritage, historic or simply notable older buildings that were demolished or lost due to fire or other causes in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. In some cases, facades or portions of the original building have been retained or reconstructed.

York and earlier[edit]

Prior to the arrival of Simcoe and the establishment of Upper Canada, the area was first inhabited by indigenous peoples. In the 1600s, the area was inhabited by Iroquois bands, but by 1700, Mississaugas had established on the north shore of Lake Ontario and the Iroquois were no longer resident. The French Regime set up forts to trade with the First Nations from 1670 and later, until the British conquest in 1763. The town of York was established in 1793 after the Toronto Purchase of 1787 from the Mississaugas.

Building Year
Completed
Year
Demolished
Location Image
Teiaiagon (Iroquois village) 1600s c. 1700 Baby Point, near Jane St and Annette, east side of Humber River
Ganatsekwyagon (Iroquois village) 1600s c. 1700 East bank of Rouge River, near mouth
Magasin Royal (Fort Douville) 1720 Closed after 1759 Baby Point along Humber River
Fort Rouillé 1750 1759 Exhibition Place, outlines marked
Rousseau House/Trading Post c. 1780 abandoned c. 1790s East side of Humber River at or about The Queensway
Blockhouse Bay garrison 1794 1813 (war)
(rebuilt 1814, abandoned 1823)
Gibraltar Point on Toronto Islands
Castle Frank 1794 1829 (fire) Bloor Street at Don River
Maryville Lodge 1796 1854 Power Street
First Parliament Buildings 1796 1813 (war) Front and Parliament streets Ontario's first parliament buildings.jpg
George Playter House 1796 c. 1834 Bloor St north of present-day Parliament St
Crookshank Estate 1797 1864 West of Bathurst south of Bloor St
First York Garrison 1797 1813 (war) Bathurst Street at Garrison Creek
First York County Gaol 1798 1827 King St E, east of Yonge
Jarvis House
(Home of William Jarvis, Provincial Secretary and Registrar)
1798 North-west corner of Sherbourne and Duke
Russell Abbey
(Mansion of Upper Canada President Peter Russell)
1798 1856 Sherbourne Street, King Street East, Princess Street and Front Street
Oak Hill
(Aeneas Shaw Estate)
1798 after 1871 East of Shaw St and north of Queen St W
Jesse Ketchum Tannery 1790s 1820s Front Street
Berkeley House 1790s 1925 King and Berkeley Streets
Fort York Government House 1800 1813 (war) Fort York
St. James' Rectory 1801 1902 King Street East and George Street StJamesRectory.jpg
Colonel James Givins' House ("Pine Grove") 1802 1891[1] Halton St at Givens Street View of James Givins House "Pine Grove", north side of Halton Street and Givins Street, Toronto, 1891
McGill Cottage 1803 1870s Church Street and Queen Street East,
Location of Metropolitan Church
First St. Lawrence Market building 1804 1820 Replaced by 1820 building
Quetton St. George House and Store
Baldwin House
1807 1901 King and Frederick Streets First brick house in York, built 1807.jpg
Red Lion Inn 1808 1889 Yonge Street, near Bloor
Caer Howell 1810 1915 West of University,north of Queen St W
Ketchum Family Home 1813 1839 Yonge and Adelaide Streets
Bellevue 1815 1890 Bellevue Avenue, south of College Street
Brookfield
(John Denison Estate)
1815 1846 northwest corner of Lot(Queen) and Dundas(Ossington)
Upper Canada Central School – founded as Andrew Bell Monitorial School 1816 1844 Adelaide and Jarvis
Home District Grammar School – Blue School 1816 1825 College Square north of St. James' Church
Gore Vale
(Cameron Estate)
1817 1926 South of Dundas St W west of Gore Vale Avenue
John Strachan Residence 1818 1898 North of Front Street between York and Simcoe Streets.
Bank of Upper Canada – first building 1818 1915
British Wesleyan Methodist Chapel 1819 1832 George Street
Widmer House 1810s 1862 Front Street; moved 1856
Beverley House 1810s 1913 Richmond Street between John and Simcoe Streets.
George Ridout Mansion
(Later London House hotel)
1820 1887 West side, Dorset St, now location of Metro Hall, east of John St, south of King St W
Second St. Lawrence Market building 1820 1831 Replaced by 1831 St. Lawrence Market building
Second Parliament Buildings 1820 1824 (by fire) Berkeley Street Upper Canada's 2nd Parliament, 1818-1824.gif
Davenport ( Wells House) 1821 1913 Davenport Road, east of Bathurst Street
St. Paul's Roman Catholic Church 1821 Queen Street east of Power Street
Ridout Home 1822 after 1832 (Duke) Adelaide Street east of Prince's Street
Joseph Cawthra Home 1824 some time after 1842 Frederick and Palace (Front)
Farmers' Storehouse Company 1824 Front Street East and Jarvis Street
Hazelburn
(Jarvis estate)
1824 1847 Jarvis north of Lot (now Queen) Street
Firemen's Hall
(later Fire Hall No. 5)
1826 1871 Church St, north of King
Robert Millen Cottage 1826 Teraulay (Bay Street), north of Queen Street
Crown Inn and Mirror Printing Office 1826
York County Court House 1826 1852 Church Street and King Street
Doel Brewery 1827 1900s NW corner, Bay and Adelaide
King's College 1827 1893 Queen's Park, replaced by Ontario Legislative Building
(Second) York County Gaol 1827 Toronto Street and King Street
Moss Park (William Allan estate) 1828 1903 Sherbourne Street
Third Parliament Buildings 1829 1904 Front Street ParliamentBuildingsFrontStreet.jpg
Arnold House 1829
Clover Hill
John Elmsley Estate
1829 St. Joseph St at Bay St
York General Hospital
(First Toronto General Hospital)
1829 1855 NW corner, King St W at John St.
Steamboat / City Hotel 1820s Front street
Fish Market 1820s 1830s–1840s Foot of Church Street
Ontario House Hotel 1820s 1862 Wellington and Church Streets
William Proudfoot Wines and Spirits 1820s
Montgomery's Tavern 1830 1837 (rebellion) Yonge and Eglinton
St. Andrew's Church of Scotland 1830–34 1878 Church and Adelaide
Upper Canada College (first campus) 1830 1891 King St W and Simcoe St 1879uppercanadacollege.png
Andrew Ward Farm House 1830 1952 Dundas St W at Shaver Ave, Etobicoke
Holland House 1831 1904 Wellington Street between Bay and York Streets
Third St. Lawrence Market building 1831 1849 (fire) Replaced by 1851 St. Lawrence Market building
Baptist Church of York 1832
Gooderham and Worts Windmill 1832 1859 Trinity Street south of Mill St
(marked by red bricks)
Thomas Mercer Jones Villa
by John George Howard
1833
St. James' Anglican Church
by Thomas Rogers of Kingston
1833–39 1849 (fire) Church and King Street Drawing-StJamesCathedral1840.jpg
Canada Company Office
built by John George Howard
1834 Frederick Street between King and Front
Freeland's Soap and Candle Factory 1830s foot of Yonge Street
William Henderson's Grocery Store – built as Crown Inn 1830s ? King Street East and Jarvis Street
York Third Post Office 1830s
Simon Washburn Residence 1830s? Adelaide and George Street
Enoch Turner Brewery 1830s 1860s
Chewett's Block
built by John George Howard
1830s King Street
John Severn Brewery 1830s Northeast of Yonge and Church Streets
Sheldon, Dutcheer and Company Foundry 1830s after 1843 Front Street and Yonge Street
Joseph Bloor Brewery 1830s Area of Mount Pleasant Road and Sherbourne Streets

Toronto buildings[edit]

Toronto was established in 1834.

Building Year
Completed
Year
Demolished
Location Image
Crookshank House 1834 facade incorporated into 56 Blue Jays Way
William Henry Draper Villa
by John George Howard
1834
James Gooderham Windmill 1834 1866 Near mouths of Taddle Creek and Don River, south of Front St E. Was survey point for laying out Toronto. Foundation exists in Gristmill Lane in the current Distillery District
Dr. William Gwynne Cottages 1835 Dufferin Street south of King Street
John Sleigh House 1835
Taylor's Wharf 1835 1866? Frederick and George Streets and Palace (Front) Street. Commemorated by Taylor's Wharf Lane
York's 5th (Toronto's second) Custom House – 1 storey building 1835 Front Street, east of Yonge
Elmsley Villa 1837 1875 Bay St at Grosvenor
Freeland's Soap Factory c. 1837 1865 Yonge St at Front St, then on the harbour
Home District Gaol
John George Howard, architect.
1837–1841 1887 Southeast corner of Front and Berkeley Streets
Hagerman Mansion / York House 1837 NE corner, Wellington St W at Simcoe
First Dover Court Estate 1837 1853 Dundas St W, west of present-day Ossington
145 King St E
built by John George Howard, Thomas Young
1839 facade retained on new development
James McDonell Store
built by John George Howard
1839 Church Street
Rusholme 1839 1954 Rusholme Road north of Dundas St W
New Fort York 1840 1947 Exhibition Place
(gate iron work used for ceremonial gateway to Guildwood Village)
Victoria Brewery/O'Keefe Brewery 1840s (rebuilt several times) Victoria Street and Gould Street
(a fragment exists at Guild Park)
Commercial Bank of the Midland District
(William Thomas)
1841 1992 facade preserved within BCE Place
Fire Hall No. 1 1841 1924 139–141 Bay St
St Paul's Anglican Church 1841 Bloor Street, between Church and Jarvis
Fire Engine No. 4 1842 1861 St. Patrick's Market
Queen St W
Kearnsey House 1843 1904 east of Yonge St north of Wellesley, now site of Dundonald St
Methodist Church 1844 1888 South side of Richmond Street between Yonge and Bay.
Moffat, Murray and Company 1844 1987 36 Yonge Street (facade preserved as part of Brookfield Place Moffat, Murray and Company.JPG
Samuel Peters Jarvis Property 1845
Coffin Block 1845 1890s Front Street, replaced by Gooderham Building
Bank of British North America 1845 1871 North-east corner, Yonge and Wellington Streets.
Bank of Montreal 1845 1885 North-west corner, Yonge and Front Street, rebuilt with current building
Merchant's Bank 1845 façade retained as part of Brookfield Place, 181 Bay Street
Henry Bowyer Lane Homewood
by John George Howard
1846–1847
Great Toronto Fire of 1849
Government Creek Bridge 1848–1851 1900?
Sunnyside Villa[2] c. 1848 1945 Sunnyside Ave at The Queensway
Argyle Hotel 1849–1865 1987 (facade preserved at Brookfield Place) 1 Wellington Street West, 46 Yonge Street, Downtown
William Gordon Property 1849
Gamble Grist Mill c. 1850 1881 (fire) Humber River north of Bloor St W
ruins incorporated into "Old Mill" in 1980s
Gamble-grist-mill-1913.jpg
Tecumseh Wigwam (tavern) 1850 1874 Bloor St W at Avenue Road (site of Park Plaza hotel)
John Hagerty Building 1851 187 42 Yonge St (facade retained in Brookfield Place) John Crawford Block.JPG
William Cawthra Building 1851 1987 44 Yonge Street (facade retained in Brookfield Place)
Fourth St. Lawrence Market building 1851 1904 Replaced by 1904 St. Lawrence Market North building
John Crawford Block 1852 1987 38-40 Yonge Street (facade retained as part of Brookfield Place)
Toronto Normal School

Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design)

1852 1963 (front façade portions incorporated into the entrance to Ryerson University's athletic centre) 40, 50 Gould Street NormalSchoolGould.jpg
Trinity College (first campus) 1852 1925 Trinity-Bellwoods Park (gates retained at Queen St W) TrinBellwood.jpg
Second Dover Court Estate 1853 1933 Dundas St W, west of present-day Ossington
Toronto Mechanics' Institute 1853 1949 Church St at Adelaide St E Central Library 1884.jpg
Enoch Turner Property 1854
Provincial Lunatic Asylum 1854–1875 1975–1976 current day 999 Queen Street West
William Hey and John Dixon Warehouse Store 1855 1983 11 Wellington West
Facade preserved as part of Brookfield Place
Second Toronto General Hospital 1855 1913 Gerrard St, east of Parliament St
Crystal Palace 1858 1906 (fire) Moved and reconstructed in 1878 at Exhibition Place, replaced by Horticultural Building
The Hall
Casimir Gzowski Estate
1858 1904 East side of Bathurst St, today's Alexandra Park TorontoGzowskiHall.jpg
First Toronto Union Station 1858 1873 York Street at Station Street, replaced by second Union Station Toronto Union Station 1.JPG
Yorkville Town Hall 1860 1941 (fire) 856–860 Yonge Street (after demolition, some stone was retained on Fire Hall at 34 Yorkville Avenue)
Union Mills, Weston
built by John George Howard
1860s Lawrence Avenue West and Weston Road (Side Line and High Street)
Ontario Bank 1861 1964 North-east corner of Wellington and Scott. Ontario Bank.jpg
Heydon Villa 1864 1929 west of Dovercourt Road, south of College
Great Western Railway depot (later repurposed as a fruit market) 1866[3] 1952 (fire)[3] Yonge Street at Esplanade, now the site of the Sony Centre Great-western-depot-toronto-1867.jpg
Alexander Street Baptist Church 1867 c. 1950s Alexander Street between Yonge and Church streets
Grand Central Hotel
National Hotel
1868 2013 facade preserved on 251 King Street East/39 Sherbourne Street, Old Town
Grand Opera House 1872–74 1927 south side of Adelaide St W, between Yonge and Bay
Customs House 1873 South-west corner of Yonge and Front Street
Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women 1872 1964 King Street West, east of Dufferin Street (now site of Lamport Stadium)
St. Andrew's Market 1873 1932 Richmond Street W between Brant and Maud, south to Adelaide
Toronto Central Prison 1873 1920 Liberty Street west of Strachan
Second Toronto Union Station 1873 1931 South-west corner of York and Front Streets, replaced by current Union Station View of Union Station from water in 1888.jpg
Jacob Bull House 1875 1990 14 John St, Weston
349 Yonge Street (Steeles Tavern 1936-1974, later annex of Sam the Record Man) 1875 2009 Downtown WikiSam the Record Man.jpg
Barnstable (Remegius Elmsley Estate) 1878 1921 Bay St at St. Joseph St
Hanlan's Hotel 1878 1909(fire) Hanlan's Point, Toronto Islands Toronto HanlanHotel 1885to1895.jpg
Allan Gardens Pavilion Hall 1879 1902 (fire) Allan Gardens
William Davies Co. Pork Processing Plant 1879 c. 1990 Don River at Front St E (now Corktown Common and West Don Lands land development)
First Exhibition Grandstand 1879 1906 (fire) Exhibition Place
South Parkdale railway station 1879 1911 Jameson Avenue at GWR tracks
Ontario Bolt Works 1881 1989 The Queensway at South Kingsway, Swansea
Manning Arcade
E. J. Lennox
1882 1962 22–28 King St W
William Luke Buildings 1884 2015 774 Yonge Street (facade to be incorporated into condo project)
Yonge St Arcade 1884 1954 137 Yonge St / 74 Victoria St
The Beatty Building
E. J. Lennox
1886 3 King St W
John Burns Carriage Manufacturers 1886 1996 126 John Street, Entertainment District (facade retained as part of Theatre complex, now fronts the Marshalls store)
Robert Lauder Stores 1886 2013 267–271 Queen Street East
Sunlight Park baseball stadium 1886 1913 Queen St E at Don River
Cyclorama 1887 1975 Front St W at York St Cyclorama Toronto circa 1922.jpg
Empress Hotel[4] 1888 2011 (fire) 335 Yonge Street Southeast corner of Gould and Yonge streets, 2007-06-06.jpg
First Parkdale Collegiate Institute
(then Jameson Collegiate)
1889 1928 209 Jameson Ave
(replaced by current building)
University Avenue Armouries 1891 1963 University Avenue and Armoury Street
Toronto Board of Trade Building 1892 1958 Front Street East and Yonge Street Board of Trade Building Front Street.jpg
Beard Building 1894 1935 163 King St E at Jarvis St Lennoxlight.jpg
Temple Building
(International Order of Foresters)
1896 1970 Richmond and Bay Temple Building, Toronto.jpg
Hanlan's Point Stadium 1897(rebuilt 1903, 1910) 1926 (bleachers)
1937 (field removed for airport)
Hanlan's Point, Toronto Island
John Kay Store 1898 design by S. George Curry, originally at 36–38 King Street W, facade retained at 11 Adelaide Street W
CNE Manufacturer's Building 1902 1961 (fire) Exhibition Place, now Better Living Centre site
Bank of Nova Scotia headquarters[5] 1903 1969 39 King St W (now Commerce Court)
Great Toronto Fire of 1904, 104 buildings destroyed
St. Lawrence Market North Building 1904 1968 Replaced by current St. Lawrence Market north building, itself slated for demolition
5 St. Joseph St Warehouse
Wickson & Gregg
1905 2010 Street facade retained around condo tower
Second Exhibition Grandstand 1906 1947 (fire) Exhibition Place ; now site of BMO Field
Royal Canadian Military Institute 1907 2010 426 University Avenue (historic facade reproduced 2014) Royal Canadian Military Institute.JPG
CNE Women's Building 1908 1961 Exhibition Place, now Better Living Centre site
Ardwold 1910 1936 Spadina Rd
North Toronto Collegiate Institute 1912 Collegiate Gothic (facade of original building in the courtyard of current structure), 70 Roehampton Avenue North Toronto Collegiate Institute.JPG
Quebec Bank headquarters[6] 1912 1969 King St W at Bay St, now Commerce Court
Bank of Toronto 1913 1965 King and Bay (some stonework re-assembled at Guild Park)
Land Registry Office[7] 1915 1964 Queen St W at Bay St, now Toronto City Hall
Savarin Tavern 1919 1980 330 Bay Street (facade initially retained, later demolished)
Maple Leaf Stadium 1926 1967 Bathurst St at Fleet St
National Building 1926 2009 333 Bay Street (facade retained)
John McBride Estate 1927 2013 2621 Lake Shore Boulevard West, Mimico Built by John McBride first cousin of former Toronto mayor Sam McBride
Westinghouse Building 1927, 1935 2016 King Street at Blue Jays Way facade retained in new development
Commerce and Transportation Building 1929 159 Bay Street, NE corner at Front St
Stollery Building 1929 2015 1 Bloor Street West, Toronto Men's clothing store (1929–2014); being redeveloped into 80 floor condo (The One)[8]
Toronto Star Building 1929 1972 King Street West and Bay Street (now First Canadian Place) Toronto Star Building 1929.JPG
Creeds Ltd Building 1930 1980 46 Bloor St W (now Holt Renfrew)
First Mount Sinai Hospital building c. 1930 2007 100 Yorkville Ave (facade retained as part of new development)
North American Life Building 1932 1976 112 King St W (now First Canadian Place)
William H. Wright Building
(former The Globe and Mail building)
1937 1974 NE corner, King St W and York St
Toronto Postal Terminal 1941 1997 NE corner, Bay St at Lake Shore Boulevard. (Bay St and Lake Shore facades retained in Air Canada Centre)
Exhibition Stadium 1948 1999 Exhibition Place
North York Fire Department Station 3 1950s 2006[9] Finch Avenue West west of Weston Road. Mural of station painted on building on the original site
Workmen's Compensation Board Head Office and Ontario Provincial Police Headquarters 1953 2011 90 Harbour Street Mix of Art Deco, Art Moderne and Modern Classical; to become site of 75-storey condo, Ten York[10]
Hall of Fame Building
Home of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, Hockey Hall of Fame
1961 2006 Exhibition Place. Front foyer incorporated into BMO Field Hall of Fame Facade.jpg
Part of a series on the
History of Toronto
Old City Hall.jpg
History
Town of York (1793–1834)
City of Toronto (1834–1954)
Metropolitan Toronto (1954–1998)
Toronto (Amalgamated) (1998–present)
Events
Toronto Purchase 1787
Battle of York 1813
Battle of Montgomery's Tavern 1837
First Great Fire of Toronto 1849
Second Great Fire of Toronto 1904
Hurricane Hazel (effects) 1954
First Amalgamation 1967
Second Amalgamation 1998
Other
Toronto Flag.svg Toronto portal

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography
  • Booth Martyn, Lucy (1983). A View of Original Toronto. The Paget Press. ISBN 0-920348-30-0.
  • Lidgold, Carole M. (2000). The history of the Guild Inn. Toronto, ON: Brookridge Pub. House. ISBN 0969824483.
  • Lundell, Liz (1997). The estates of Old Toronto. Boston Mills Press. ISBN 1-55046-219-9.
  • Walker, Hugh (1982). The Spencer Clark Collection of Historic Architecture. Scarborough, ON: The Guild.
Notes

External links[edit]