List of lowest-income places in the United States

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Kiryas Joel, New York, a village within the town of Monroe in Orange County, New York comprised primarily by Yiddish-speaking Hasidic Jews, had the lowest per capita income of any location with over 10,000 population in the US, as of the 2000 census.[citation needed]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the following are the places in the United States with the lowest per capita or median household income. Locations with populations from the 2010 census are ranked by median household income as surveyed between 2008 and 2012. For comparison, locations are next listed with populations per capita income from the 2000 census. The most sizable community in 2000 (with a population of 13,138) was Kiryas Joel, New York which had a per capita income of just $4,355.[citation needed] In terms of geographic size, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and the adjacent Rosebud Indian Reservation (Lakota Sioux Reservations, South Dakota) have long been among the lowest income areas in the United States.[citation needed] Three of the ten lowest per capita income locations in the mainland U.S. are on these two reservations, which constitute the three largest populations in the bottom ten locations.[citation needed]

The U.S. territories have the highest poverty rates in the United States (higher than the poverty rates of the U.S. mainland), and many of the lowest-income places in the United States are found in the U.S. territories (such as Puerto Rico and American Samoa).[1][2] In 2017, Adjuntas, Puerto Rico had a median household income of $11,680 — the lowest of any county or county-equivalent in the United States.[3]

Locations over 1,000 population (2008-12 American Community Survey)[edit]

The data below are for annual median household income, based on 2008–2012 American Community Survey data from the U.S. Census Bureau, and with populations from the 2010 U.S. Census.[4][note 1] Only places with a population over 1,000 are included, as data on locations with small populations often has a very high margin of error.

Locations in the U.S. territories with more than 1,000 people and a median household income of less than $19,172 are included.[5] 100 locations are in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, and 70 locations are in the U.S. territories.

Note: In the table below, Puerto Rico income data is from 2017; however, all other information in this table is more than 7 years old, and because of this, most data in the table is out-of-date. For example, in 2012 Blackwater, Arizona’s median household income was $9,491 (shown in the table below), but in 2017 Blackwater’s median household income was $20,993.[6] Similarly, in 2012 the median household income in Muniz, Texas was $11,711 (shown in the table below), but in 2017 the median household income in Muniz, Texas was $45,074.[6].

For comparison, the median household income for the United States is $53,046.[4][when?]

Rank Place State
or territory
Popul. 2008-2012 Annual
Median Household
Income[note 2]
White Black API Native Latino
1 Blackwater AZ 1,062 $9,491[note 3] 2.3% 0.5% 0.1% 72.1% 22.1%
2 Adjuntas PR 19,483 $11,680 93.1% 3.1% 0.0% 0.3% 99.6%
3 Muniz TX 1,106 $11,711[note 4] 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 99.8%
4 Wolf Point MT 1,307 $12,361 42.5% 1.0% 0.1% 50.5% 1.5%
5 San Antonio MP 1,149 $12,414 3.3% 0.0% 84.7% 0.0% 0.2%
6 Guanica PR 19,427 $12,653 79.9% 7.7% 0.0% 0.5% 99.4%
7 University Park[Note 1] NM 4,192 $12,788 42.0% 4.0% 6.5% 4.5% 39.6%
8 Tchula MS 2,096 $12,806 1.6% 96.7% 0.2% 0.0% 1.1%
9 Lares PR 30,753 $12,820 91.1% 3.0% 0.1% 0.4% 99.3%
10 Jamestown TN 1,959 $13,060 95.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.7% 2.7%
11 Moca PR 40,109 $13,413 89.5% 4.5% 0.1% 0.2% 99.4%
12 Maricao PR 6,276 $13,462 89.2% 4.8% 0.0% 0.4% 99.4%
13 Yanceyville NC 2,039 $13,505 38.2% 54.0% 0.5% 0.4% 3.6%
14 Comerío PR 20,778 $13,523 78.6% 8.6% 0.1% 0.6% 99.6%
15 Campti LA 1,056 $13,693 26.9% 69.9% 0.2% 0.4% 0.8%
16 Cullen LA 1,163 $13,711 12.7% 85.3% 0.2% 0.0% 1.1%
17 Sneedville TN 1,387 $13,719 97.1% 0.6% 0.1% 0.3% 0.3%
18 Las Palmas-Juarez TX 1,605 $13,750 4.8% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 95.0%
19 Lajas PR 25,753 $13,896 80.6% 5.2% 0.1% 0.2% 99.3%
20 San Sebastian PR 42,430 $14,275 88.5% 3.0% 0.1% 0.3% 99.3%
21 Chalan Piao MP 1,282 $14,286 0.7% 0.0% 89.1% 0.0% 0.2%
22 Orocovis PR 23,423 $14,296 86.7% 6.2% 0.1% 0.4% 99.6%
23 Melville LA 1,041 $14,328 45.0% 51.9% 0.2% 0.2% 1.8%
24 Las Marias PR 9,881 $14,404 86.3% 5.3% 0.0% 0.4% 99.4%
25 Ciales PR 18,782 $14,432 89.5% 4.2% 0.0% 0.1% 99.7%
26 Yauco PR 42,043 $14,451 83.0% 5.9% 0.1% 0.3% 99.5%
27 Clarks LA 1,017 $14,479 50.8% 46.2% 0.3% 0.2% 1.9%
28 Patillas PR 19,277 $14,512 61.7% 19.9% 0.1% 0.6% 99.3%
29 Afetnas MP 1,486 $14,549 0.5% 0.0% 91.1% 0.0% 0.1%
30 Meigs GA 1,035 $14,583 28.5% 64.0% 0.0% 0.1% 6.3%
31 Mayaguez PR 89,080 $14,642 78.7% 8.2% 0.2% 0.8% 98.9%
32 Ferriday LA 3,511 $14,662 15.4% 83.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3%
33 Corozal PR 37,142 $14,752 85.4% 5.3% 0.1% 0.2% 99.4%
34 Morgantown KY 2,394 $14,916 89.0% 0.6% 0.3% 0.0% 9.5%
35 Garapan MP 3,983 $14,940 0.8% 0.2% 92.7% 0.0% 0.0%
36 Guayanilla PR 21,581 $14,988 81.9% 8.3% 0.1% 0.4% 99.5%
37 San German PR 35,527 $15,036 83.4% 5.6% 0.1% 0.4% 99.2%
38 Chalan Kanoa I MP 1,304 $15,156 0.4% 0.1% 89.0% 0.0% 0.0%
39 Unionville GA 1,845 $15,186 0.9% 95.8% 0.1% 0.3% 2.2%
40 Cibecue AZ 1,713 $15,208 0.8% 0.1% 1.7% 95.2% 1.9%
41 Guayama PR 45,362 $15,296 68.2% 18.5% 0.1% 0.8% 99.1%
42 Lumber City GA 1,328 $15,363 47.6% 51.0% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1%
43 Munfordville KY 1,615 $15,519 84.5% 11.8% 0.6% 0.1% 1.4%
44 Columbus NM 1,664 $15,583 11.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.8% 85.9%
45 Yabucoa PR 37,941 $15,586 65.6% 14.1% 0.2% 0.5% 99.3%
46 Jayuya PR 16,642 $15,615 90.7% 3.4% 0.1% 0.4% 99.6%
47 Arroyo PR 19,575 $15,689 53.5% 32.5% 0.2% 0.9% 99.1%
48 Barranquitas PR 30,318 $15,694 86.0% 5.4% 0.0% 0.3% 99.3%
49 Sabana Grande PR 25,265 $15,736 85.3% 5.5% 0.0% 0.4% 99.5%
50 Rosedale MS 1,873 $15,789 12.7% 86.5% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%
51 Utuado PR 33,149 $15,931 92.7% 2.7% 0.1% 0.2% 99.4%
52 Vanceburg KY 1,518 $16,067 97.8% 0.3% 0.0% 0.4% 0.5%
53 Brooksville MS 1,223 $16,071 15.5% 82.5% 0.1% 0.1% 1.0%
54 Quebradillas PR 25,919 $16,082 89.2% 3.7% 0.1% 0.1% 99.3%
55 Bishopville SC 3,471 $16,103 26.0% 70.9% 0.8% 0.3% 1.2%
56 Aguada PR 41,959 $16,199 86.6% 5.3% 0.1% 0.3% 99.4%
57 Salinas PR 31,078 $16,246 67.4% 16.4% 0.1% 0.6% 99.3%
58 Vieques PR 9,301 $16,261 58.7% 28.1% 0.1% 0.7% 94.3%
59 Shelby MS 2,229 $16,322 4.7% 94.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.8%
60 Isabela PR 45,631 $16,333 83.4% 7.5% 0.1% 0.3% 99.0%
61 Pine Knot KY 1,621 $16,432 91.3% 4.9% 0.2% 0.7% 1.4%
62 Boone[Note 1] NC 17,122 $16,447 89.9% 3.4% 1.5% 0.2% 3.3%
63 Niland CA 1,006 $16,458 29.7% 2.8% 2.0% 1.8% 61.4%
64 Cabo Rojo PR 50,917 $16,461 84.1% 5.4% 0.1% 0.3% 98.9%
65 Olmito TX 1,210 $16,507 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 95.8%
66 South Henderson NC 1,213 $16,559 30.9% 49.2% 0.3% 0.0% 18.2%
67 Ponce PR 166,327 $16,561 82.0% 9.0% 0.2% 0.5% 99.2%
68 Roberta GA 1,007 $16,587 50.3% 43.7% 1.5% 0.0% 3.1%
69 Susupe MP 2,078 $16,709 1.3% 0.2% 89.5% 0.0% 0.0%
70 Mosses AL 1,029 $16,713 1.5% 96.7% 0.0% 0.0% 1.8%
71 Fort Gaines GA 1,107 $16,726 24.1% 74.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3%
72 Banks Springs LA 1,192 $16,727 42.9% 52.8% 0.8% 0.1% 1.8%
73 Aguas Buenas PR 28,659 $16,733 72.5% 12.6% 0.1% 0.6% 99.5%
74 Livingston AL 3,485 $16,736 34.4% 63.8% 0.3% 0.1% 0.7%
75 Santa Isabel PR 23,274 $16,816 73.0% 15.6% 0.1% 0.5% 99.6%
76 Aguadilla PR 60,949 $16,821 83.0% 7.4% 0.2% 0.3% 98.5%
77 Peñuelas PR 24,282 $16,868 81.8% 9.2% 0.2% 0.4% 99.4%
78 Pirtleville AZ 1,744 $16,914 3.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.5% 95.3%
79 Florida, PR PR 12,680 $16,919 90.4% 4.6% 0.1% 0.3% 99.6%
80 Fairfax SC 2,025 $16,976 19.1% 78.6% 0.6% 0.1% 1.5%
81 Cairo IL 2,831 $16,977 27.4% 69.6% 0.4% 0.2% 0.4%
82 Fayette MS 1,614 $17,083 1.6% 97.7% 0.0% 0.2% 0.2%
83 Barceloneta PR 24,816 $17,113 80.7% 7.6% 0.1% 0.3% 99.4%
84 Century FL 1,698 $17,188 39.4% 55.8% 0.5% 0.4% 1.1%
85 Hughes AR 1,441 $17,212 23.4% 74.2% 0.6% 0.2% 1.1%
86 City View SC 1,345 $17,212 37.4% 27.6% 0.4% 0.2% 33.4%
87 Calwa CA 2,052 $17,228 4.5% 1.1% 2.2% 1.3% 90.1%
88 Loíza PR 30,060 $17,273 26.5% 64.3% 0.1% 0.5% 99.4%
89 Arecibo PR 96,440 $17,289 84.5% 6.1% 0.1% 0.4% 99.2%
90 Roscommon MI 1,075 $17,321 95.5% 0.3% 0.8% 0.7% 0.2%
91 Harlem FL 2,658 $17,361 0.9% 95.5% 0.0% 0.2% 3.0%
92 Shaw MS 1,952 $17,391 6.4% 93.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3%
93 Statenville GA 1,040 $17,483 53.8% 11.6% 1.0% 2.1% 29.2%
94 Camuy PR 35,159 $17,579 87.9% 4.1% 0.1% 0.3% 99.4%
95 Manu'a District AS 1,143 $17,614 0.5% 0.1% 98.4% 0.0% 0.0%
96 Luxora AR 1,178 $17,614 33.1% 60.8% 0.0% 0.5% 4.6%
97 Ola AR 1,281 $17,614 79.1% 0.5% 0.5% 0.9% 18.0%
98 Baldwin MI 1,208 $17,621 61.7% 27.9% 0.1% 0.7% 4.9%
99 Maunabo PR 12,225 $17,636 47.9% 30.4% 0.1% 0.8% 99.2%
100 Parkin AR 1,105 $17,721 27.5% 69.4% 0.0% 0.6% 1.1%
101 Carbondale[Note 1] IL 25,902 $17,743 60.1% 25.3% 5.7% 0.3% 5.4%
102 Annville KY 1,095 $17,750 97.7% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 1.6%
103 Mansfield MO 1,296 $17,750 96.9% 0.6% 0.5% 0.3% 0.9%
104 Benton Harbor MI 10,038 $17,766 6.4% 88.7% 0.1% 0.3% 2.2%
105 Hatillo PR 41,953 $17,770 87.3% 4.4% 0.1% 0.2% 99.2%
106 Cullowhee[Note 1] NC 6,228 $17,775 84.6% 7.0% 1.2% 0.7% 5.1%
107 Brookdale SC 4,873 $17,839 0.7% 97.5% 0.2% 0.1% 0.7%
108 New Boston OH 2,272 $17,875 95.5% 1.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.9%
109 Elizabethtown NC 3,583 $18,010 42.6% 50.7% 0.7% 0.4% 4.1%
110 Vega Alta PR 39,951 $18,053 71.2% 14.9% 0.2% 0.7% 98.7%
111 Naranjito PR 30,402 $18,069 84.2% 6.0% 0.1% 0.5% 99.5%
112 Belhaven NC 1,688 $18,179 37.6% 55.1% 0.5% 0.5% 5.0%
113 Manatí PR 44,113 $18,191 81.8% 8.7% 0.1% 0.5% 99.2%
114 Clay City KY 1,077 $18,205 96.6% 0.0% 0.5% 0.1% 2.0%
115 Pembroke NC 2,973 $18,220 15.8% 12.2% 0.8% 65.7% 2.2%
116 Clarksville TX 3,285 $18,232 40.2% 47.7% 0.4% 0.4% 9.6%
117 Rincon PR 15,200 $18,292 85.7% 5.3% 0.2% 0.5% 96.4%
118 Sunflower MS 1,159 $18,299 12.0% 86.3% 0.0% 0.0% 1.6%
119 Reform AL 1,702 $18,313 50.4% 47.9% 0.0% 0.1% 0.9%
120 Faleniu AS 1,898 $18,333 0.2% 0.0% 98.2% 0.0% 0.0%
121 Chalan Laulau MP 1,096 $18,333 1.5% 0.1% 81.7% 0.0% 0.0%
122 China Town MP 1,274 $18,333 0.4% 0.0% 93.5% 0.0% 0.0%
123 Waldo AR 1,372 $18,348 30.3% 67.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.2%
124 Macon MS 2,768 $18,367 21.7% 77.0% 0.5% 0.1% 0.5%
125 Aibonito PR 25,900 $18,387 83.5% 7.3% 0.0% 0.2% 99.3%
126 Athens[Note 1] OH 23,832 $18,428 84.7% 4.3% 6.1% 0.1% 2.4%
127 Eudora AR 2,269 $18,438 9.1% 89.3% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0%
128 Medina TX 3,935 $18,446 2.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.1% 97.7%
129 Alorton IL 2,002 $18,495 0.9% 97.5% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2%
130 Juncos PR 40,290 $18,533 71.7% 13.7% 0.1% 0.5% 99.3%
131 Breckinridge Center KY 2,080 $18,536 50.0% 43.2% 1.3% 0.5% 4.0%
132 San Lorenzo PR 41,058 $18,589 76.1% 9.9% 0.1% 0.8% 99.5%
133 Goodman MS 1,386 $18,603 23.7% 74.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.2%
134 Metcalfe MS 1,067 $18,625 3.4% 94.9% 0.1% 0.0% 1.0%
135 Cataño PR 28,140 $18,663 70.7% 14.4% 0.3% 1.0% 99.0%
136 Lambert MS 1,638 $18,676 11.0% 88.3% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4%
137 Sebastian TX 1,917 $18,684 5.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.1% 94.6%
138 Hayti MO 2,939 $18,712 51.9% 45.1% 0.3% 0.2% 1.0%
139 Humacao PR 58,466 $18,735 66.1% 18.5% 0.2% 0.8% 99.0%
140 Morovis PR 32,610 $18,739 88.4% 5.2% 0.1% 0.2% 99.4%
141 Shackelford CA 3,371 $18,764 16.3% 0.5% 1.4% 0.6% 79.6%
142 Añasco PR 29,261 $18,765 82.0% 7.2% 0.1% 0.4% 99.2%
143 Rankin PA 2,122 $18,779 18.0% 76.8% 0.1% 0.3% 1.0%
144 Dermott AR 2,316 $18,795 20.1% 77.1% 0.7% 0.1% 1.0%
145 Aua AS 2,077 $18,824 0.0% 0.0% 98.0% 0.0% 0.2%
146 Celina TN 1,495 $18,830 94.5% 1.0% 0.1% 0.1% 3.1%
147 Aliceville AL 2,486 $18,847 22.6% 74.3% 0.0% 0.1% 1.2%
148 Maxton NC 2,426 $18,848 18.4% 65.0% 0.1% 13.6% 1.8%
149 Alto TX 1,225 $18,854 52.7% 24.7% 0.0% 0.0% 20.9%
150 Falfurrias TX 4,981 $18,884 7.0% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 92.0%
151 Vega Baja PR 59,662 $18,900 77.3% 11.5% 0.1% 0.5% 99.3%
152 Citrus City TX 2,321 $18,925 12.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 87.3%
153 Fajardo PR 36,993 $18,941 64.8% 18.6% 0.3% 0.7% 98.2%
154 East Spencer NC 1,534 $18,942 11.3% 83.3% 0.0% 0.2% 2.4%
155 Lumberton MS 2,086 $18,950 42.1% 56.2% 0.0% 0.1% 1.5%
156 Naguabo PR 26,720 $18,976 71.1% 15.9% 0.2% 0.4% 99.2%
157 Ceiba PR 13,631 $18,998 70.6% 16.5% 0.1% 0.7% 98.8%
158 Renovo PA 1,228 $19,009 96.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1%
159 Kentwood LA 2,198 $19,013 26.6% 71.7% 0.3% 0.1% 0.9%
160 Vado NM 3,194 $19,031 3.9% 0.4% 0.0% 0.2% 95.5%
161 Benton Heights MI 4,084 $19,033 27.2% 61.5% 0.1% 0.5% 8.1%
162 Wolfhurst OH 1,239 $19,067 93.9% 3.5% 0.4% 0.0% 0.2%
163 San Augustine TX 2,108 $19,067 36.4% 51.8% 0.4% 0.0% 10.5%
164 La Grulla TX 1,622 $19,094 1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 98.1%
165 Koblerville MP 2,493 $19,103 0.7% 0.0% 82.6% 0.0% 0.0%
166 Coamo PR 40,512 $19,110 76.8% 10.4% 0.1% 0.3% 99.6%
167 Reynolds Heights PA 2,061 $19,132 96.1% 1.2% 0.1% 0.0% 0.7%
168 Houck AZ 1,024 $19,138 1.2% 0.0% 0.1% 95.2% 2.0%
169 Biola CA 1,623 $19,167 5.5% 0.4% 19.3% 0.6% 73.7%
170 Mamou LA 3,242 $19,172 53.9% 42.8% 0.2% 0.2% 1.4%
Adjuntas, Puerto Rico, the county (county-equivalent) with the lowest median household income in the United States

100 places in the table above are located in the 50 states and District of Columbia — out of those 100 places, in 2012 there were 31 places that were majority or plurality white, 49 were majority or plurality Black, 5 were majority or plurality Native American, and 15 were majority or plurality Latino. Of those 100 places, 66 are in the former Confederacy (12 in Mississippi, 11 in Texas, 9 in North Carolina, 8 in Louisiana, 7 in Arkansas, 6 in Georgia, 4 each in Alabama and South Carolina, 3 in Tennessee, and 2 in Florida); additionally, there are 8 in Kentucky, 4 each in Arizona, California, and Michigan, 3 each in Illinois, New Mexico, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, and 2 in Missouri.[4]

70 of the places in the table above are located in the U.S. territories — 58 are in Puerto Rico, 3 are in American Samoa, and 9 are in the Northern Mariana Islands.


Large cities with a high percentage of low income residents[edit]

For the survey, a large city is defined as a city with a population of 250,000 or more. Percentage of residents living below the U.S. government established poverty income level is listed, based on 2012 US Census estimates.[7]

  1. Detroit, Michigan 42.3%
  2. Cleveland, Ohio 36.1%
  3. Cincinnati, Ohio 34.1%
  4. Miami, Florida 31.7%
  5. Fresno, California 31.5%
  6. Buffalo, New York 30.9%
  7. Newark, New Jersey 30.4%
  8. Toledo, Ohio 30.1%
  9. Milwaukee, Wisconsin 29.9%
  10. St. Louis, Missouri 29.2%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Several places in the 2010 list of places over 1,000 people have low median incomes because they are college towns, and a majority of the place's population is made up of college or university students: University Park, New Mexico, home to New Mexico State University; Boone, North Carolina, home to Appalachian State University; Carbondale, Illinois, home to Southern Illinois University; Cullowhee, North Carolina, home to Western Carolina University; and Athens, Ohio, home to Ohio University.
  1. ^ Data for Puerto Rico is from 2013-2017 American Community Survey estimates, and data for the other territories is from 2010.
  2. ^ 2013-2017 American Community Survey for Puerto Rico, and 2010 U.S. Census for other territories
  3. ^ In 2017, the median household income in Blackwater was $20,993
  4. ^ In 2017, the median household income in Muniz, Texas was $45,074

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d10240r.pdf ‘’Poverty Determination In U.S. Insular Areas.’’ Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  2. ^ Sagapolutele, Fili (March 2, 2017). "American Samoa Governor Says Small Economies 'Cannot Afford Any Reduction In Medicaid' | Pacific Islands Report". www.pireport.org. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  3. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_17_5YR_S1901&prodType=table American FactFinder (U.S. Census) — “Income in the past 12 months (in 2017 inflation-adjusted dollars). 2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. [Geography set to “Adjuntas, Puerto Rico”]
  4. ^ a b c "US Census". Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  5. ^ American FactFinder. Income (2010): American Samoa / Guam / Northern Mariana Islands / United States Virgin Islands; and 2013-2017 American Community Survey estimates for Puerto Rico. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  6. ^ a b U.S. Census - American FactFinder. https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_17_5YR_DP03&prodType=table - with “Geography” set to Blackwater, Arizona or Muniz CDP, Texas
  7. ^ "Poverty Rates Remain Stubbornly High in Big Cities". www.governing.com. Retrieved 14 April 2018.

Bibliography[edit]