List of main battle tanks by country

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This is a list of main battle tanks, and other vehicles serving that role, in active military service with countries of the world. A main battle tank (MBT) is the type of powerful, heavily armoured and highly mobile tank which is the backbone of a mechanized land force.

Table of main battle tanks by country[edit]

A[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Afghanistan T-55 601  Soviet Union
T-62 170  Soviet Union
Albania Albania retired its last operational T-54/T-55 and Type 59 MBTs in 2001. They were subsequently put up for sale.[1]
Algeria[2] T-55 270  Soviet Union
T-62 300  Soviet Union
T-72 325  Soviet Union
T-90A 300  Russia
Angola T-55 200  Soviet Union
T-62 50  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union
Argentina Tanque Argentino Mediano (TAM) 231  Argentina
Armenia T-55 5  Soviet Union
T-72 168  Soviet Union
T-80 20  Soviet Union
Australia M1A1 AIM Abrams 59  United States
Austria[3] Leopard 2A4 56  Germany
Azerbaijan T-90S 200  Russia
T-72 Aslan 420  Russia
T-55 100  Soviet Union

B[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Bahrain M60 A3 Patton 180  United States
Bangladesh Type 59G(BD) Durjoy 474[verification needed]  China Only 174 tanks were upgraded to Type 59G(BD) Durjoy in 2014 but in 2019 there are 300 that are being upgraded as MK IIs.

SIPRI[4] & IISS said.[5] The fate of the other Type 59 tanks is unknown.

Type 69 58[4]  China
MBT-2000 44[4]  China
Belarus T-72B Vitaz 446  Soviet Union
T-80B 69  Soviet Union
Belgium Belgium retired its last operational Leopard 1 MBTs in 2014. Some were kept in inventory for training and research purposes.[6]
Benin Has no MBTs, but has 18 PT-76 light tanks.
Bolivia In service 54 SK-105 Cuirassier light tanks.
Bosnia and Herzegovina M-84 71  Yugoslavia
AMX-30S 50  France
M60A3 85  United States
T-55 142  Soviet Union
Botswana Only SK-105 light tanks.
Brazil[7] EE-T1 Osório 2  Brazil Two operational tanks with the Centro de Instrução de Blindados of the Brazilian Army[8]
M60A3 TTS 91  United States
Leopard 1A1 127  Germany
Leopard 1A5 221  Germany
Bulgaria T-72 181[9]  Soviet Union

C[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Cambodia T-55 103  Soviet Union
Type 59 200  China
Canada[10] Leopard 2A6MCAN 20  Germany 20 2A6M leased from Germany, 20 2A4M upgraded from Leopard 2A4 stocks.[11]
Leopard 2A4+ and 2A4MCAN 80  Germany 15 purchased from Germany as parts stock[12] 12 purchased from Switzerland for use as armored engineering vehicles (AEV).

Leopard 2A4MCAN  Germany 20

Cape Verde T-55  Soviet Union
Central African Republic T-55 4  Soviet Union
Chad T-55 60  Soviet Union
Chile[13] Leopard 2A4 172  Germany 8 to be used as spares, upgrades for Leopard 2A5 in 2015
Leopard 1V 100  Germany
China Type 15 200  China
Type 99 1,000  China
Type 96 2,700  China
Type 88 500  China
Type 69/79 200  China
Type 59 2,360  China
Colombia Defence force exists, but operates no MBTs in service. AFVs are used instead in service, such as the LAV III, EE-9 Cascavel, and M8 Greyhound. Only some M3 Stuart are used as gatekeepers.
Congo, Democratic Republic of Type 59 30  China
T-55 20  Soviet Union
Congo, Republic of Type 59 20  China
Croatia M-95 Degman 2  Croatia 2 prototypes, future unknown.
M-84A4 Sniper 75  Croatia All will be upgraded to M-84D standard
Cuba T-55 1,100  Soviet Union
T-62 400  Soviet Union
Cyprus[14] AMX-30B2 52  France
AMX-30G 30  France
T-80U 82  Russia Ordered January 2009
Czech Republic[15] T-72M4 CZ 30  Czech Republic Czech upgrade of T-72
T-72 93  Soviet Union In reserve

D[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Denmark Leopard 2A4/2A5 57  Germany 57 Leopard 2A5DK (equal to Leopard 2A6 minus the L55 gun)
Dominican Republic M41 Walker Bulldog 6  United States Out of 10-12, at least 6 active by 2016. 2-15 GIAT AMX-13 light tanks are retired. Also the M41 are light tanks.

E[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Ecuador Leopard 1 60  Germany 30 1V's and 30 1A5's models bought from Chile.[16][17][18]
AMX-13 80  France light tanks
T-55 3  Soviet Union Borrowed from Peru as war compensation (Cenepa War). Some sources establish that the T-55 are part of an unfinished weapons deal .[19]
Egypt T-55E 340[20]  Soviet Union
Ramses II 425  Egypt A significantly upgraded T-54/55. Though the initial prototype (T-54E) was delivered in 1984, full production did not begin until 2004–2005, an additional 140–160 are to be converted from stored T-55.
T-62E 500  Soviet Union
T-80 34  Soviet Union 14 T-80UK and 20 T-80U purchased in 1997.[21]
M60A3 1716[20]  United States Out of 735 M60A3 + 700 M60A1 were brought up to A3 Standard from U.S. Army Europe surplus stocks in Germany between 1979–1988 + 173 M60A3 between 1992–2001[22] + 108 M60A3 from the Austrian Army Surplus in 2002,[23]
M1A1 Abrams 1,130[24]  United States
Equatorial Guinea T-55 3  Soviet Union
Eritrea T-55A/AM2 300  Soviet Union 150 in service, 150 in storage.
T-62 ~  Soviet Union Received a number from Ethiopia.
Estonia Does not currently operate main battle tanks.[25] Uses IFVs like Combat Vehicle 90 and APCs like Patria Pasi and Mamba APC instead.
Ethiopia T-55 170  Soviet Union
T-62 50  Soviet Union
T-72 50  Soviet Union

F[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Fiji Small military force exists. Does not operate MBTs.
Finland Leopard 2A4 139  Germany
Leopard 2A6 100  Germany
France Leclerc 406  France

G[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Georgia[26] T-72M1 SIM-1 120  Soviet Union
 Israel
T-55 23  Soviet Union
Germany Leopard 2A5/A6/A6M/A7 250[27]  Germany Leopard 1s in storage.
Greece[28] Leopard 2A6 HEL 170  Germany License built in Greece
Leopard 2A4 183  Germany
Leopard 1A4/5 501  Germany
M60A3 101  United States
M48A5 MOLF 390  United States Upgraded with a new Fire Control System similar to the one found on the Leopard 1A5
Guatemala Has no MBTs, but military uses AFVs such as Armadillo, Cadillac Gage Commando V-100, Dando 6x6 (Tapir), M8 Greyhound, M113, and RBY MK 1.
Guinea T-55 8  Soviet Union
Guinea-Bissau T-55 10  Soviet Union
Guyana Has no MBTs. Defense force uses AFVs such as EE-11 Urutu, EE-9 Cascavel, Shorland, and Ford F-350.

H[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Haiti Police force exists to maintain internal security, armed forces in the process of reactivation, but do not operate MBTs and uses AFVs like Cadillac-Gage V-100 instead.
Honduras Has no MBTs, but military has AFVs and light tanks like FV101 Scorpion, FV107 Scimitar, FV105 Sultan, AM General Humvee M 998, RBY MK 1, and FV601 Saladin.
Hungary[29] Leopard 2A7+ 44  Germany Ordered in 2018.
Leopard 2A4 12  Germany Ordered in 2018. Used units for training purposes.

T-72M1

107, 30 in active service, rest in reserve.  Soviet Union
 Poland
Only 30 units in active service. Another 42 T-72 in reserve, the rest are being used as targets for firing.

I[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
India Arjun MBT 370+  India 124 Arjun Mk1 MBTs in 2000 + 124 Arjun Mk1 MBTs and 124 Arjun Mk2 MBTs in 2010 (after Arjun tank had conclusively outperformed the T-90.)[30][31] + 124 Arjun Mk2 as follow on order[32] Army required nearly 3500 MBTs in future.[33]
T-90 2011  Russia Total of 2011 to be operated.
T-72 2414[34]  Soviet Union
 Poland
Upgraded to advanced Ajeya Mk1 and MK2 standard mainly based on Polish PT-91 Twardy Tank features developed by DRDO
Indonesia Leopard 2A4 42  Germany Already arrived all from Germany
Leopard 2 Revolution 61  Germany Already arrived all. Up-armored and up-rated version of Leopard 2A4
AMX 13 325  France Already retrofit, light tanks
Iran[35]
M48 Patton 108  United States
M60 Patton 150  United States
Chieftain MK3 100  United Kingdom
T-62 75  Soviet Union
T-72S 480  Soviet Union
 Poland
Zulfiqar MBT 150  Iran
Karrar 420  Iran Additional 380 on order.
Iraq T-55 72  Soviet Union
M1A1 Abrams 146  United States Further 175 on order. Yet to be delivered, Tank is equipped with Export Armor Package.
T-72M1 125  Soviet Union
Israel[36] Merkava Mk.1 180  Israel
Merkava Mk.2 400  Israel
Merkava Mk.3 780  Israel
Merkava Mk.4 660  Israel
Magach 6 560  United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Magach 7 1600  United States/ Israel Upgraded M60 tank
Italy[37] Ariete 200  Italy
Ivory Coast T-55 10  Soviet Union some donated by Angola

J[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Jamaica Has no MBTs, but military uses AFVs like Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicle.
Japan[38] Type 74 700  Japan
Type 90 341  Japan
Type 10 80  Japan
Jordan Tariq 292  United Kingdom Locally upgraded Centurion. Most of them were modified into Temsah heavy armoured personnel carriers.
M60A3 250  United States Modernized by KADDB
Khaled 274  United Kingdom Locally upgraded Chieftain
Challenger 1 392  United Kingdom

K[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Kazakhstan T-55 540  Soviet Union
T-62 75  Soviet Union
T-72 650  Soviet Union
Kenya[39] Vickers Mk 3 78  United Kingdom
T-72Av 76  Soviet Union
Korea, North T-55 2,000  Soviet Union
T-62 1,000  Soviet Union
Type 59 1,000  China
Chonma-ho 1,000  North Korea
Pokpung-ho 500  North Korea
Korea, South M48A3K 300  United States
M48A5K1, M48A5K2 500  United States
T-80U, T-80UK 35  Soviet Union South Korea was given 133 T-80Us during 1996 and 1997 and 192 T-80UKs in 2005 as a partial interest payment of Russian debts incurred during the Soviet era.
K1, K1A1, K1A2 1,511  South Korea 1027 K1, 2348 K1A1, 3490 K1A2 to be delivered.
K2 Black Panther 206  South Korea Put into service in June 2014. Total 206 to be delivered.
Kuwait M-84D 150  Yugoslavia
M1A2 218  United States DU armor removed.
Kyrgyzstan T-72 210  Soviet Union

L[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Laos[40] T-54/55 15  Soviet Union
T-34/85 10  Soviet Union actually medium tanks
Latvia T-55 3  Soviet Union Exclusively for training
Lebanon T-55 205  Soviet Union
M48A5 104  United States
M60A3 66  United States
Leopard 1 43  Germany
Libya
T-55 1,500  Soviet Union Large numbers of tanks destroyed by NATO bombings and rebel actions during 2011 Libyan civil war
T-62 350  Soviet Union
T-72 315  Soviet Union
Lithuania Military force does not use MBTs, but uses AFVs, such as Boxer, and APCs, such as M113 and M577 V2.
Luxembourg Military force does not have MBTs.

M[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Macedonia, Republic of T-72 31  Soviet Union 20 scrapped. Only 10 are in fine condition.
T-55 98  Soviet Union all were military aid from Bulgaria during the 2001 KLA insurgency. Fate unknown.
Madagascar Military force does not have MBTs, but has 12 PT-76 light tanks.
Malawi T-55 1  Soviet Union
Malaysia PT-91M 48  Poland
Mali T-34  Soviet Union medium tanks
T-54  Soviet Union
T-55 33  Soviet Union
Mauritania T-55 35  Soviet Union
Mexico Military force exists, but operates no MBTs. Uses AFVs, such as Sedena-Henschel HWK-11, AMX-VCI, Panhard ERC 90, Panhard VCR, M8 Greyhound, Véhicule Blindé Léger, Oshkosh Sand Cat, and DN-XI instead.
Moldova T-64BV 3  Soviet Union
Monaco Very small military force exists, however, the Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince operate 2 Piranha Vs.[41]
Mongolia T-54 200  Soviet Union
T-55 170  Soviet Union
T-62 250  Soviet Union
T-72 100  Soviet Union
Montenegro All scrapped in 2007. Has APCs like BOV VP М86, Achleitner RCV Survivor, LAPV Enok, Otokar Cobra, Humvee, and tank destroyers like BOV 1 POLO M-83 instead.
Morocco M1A1 222  United States M1A1SA "Special Armor".
Al-Khalid 150  Pakistan/ China VT-1A version, 54 received in 2011, 96 to be delivered.
T-72 148  Soviet Union T-72B/BV.
M60A3 427  United States 260 M60A3TTS and 167 M60A3.
M48 224  United States 224 M48A5 in active service.
Mozambique T-55 80  Soviet Union
Myanmar Type 59 280  China
Type 69 190  China
T-72 139  Soviet Union
MBT-2000 200  China On order.

N[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Namibia T-55 1  Soviet Union
Netherlands Leopard 2A6 18  Germany Most MBTs retired in 2011, 100 Leopard 2 MBTs sold to Finland in 2014. 18 Dutch Leopard 2s are still in use in the German-Dutch tank battalion Panzerbataillion 414.[42]
New Zealand Military force does not use MBTs, but uses IPVs, such as the NZLAV.
Nicaragua T-55 31  Soviet Union
Nigeria T-55 24  Soviet Union
T-72 16  Soviet Union
Vickers MBT 108  United Kingdom
AMX-30 16  France
Norway Leopard 2A4NO 52 (46 operational)  Germany 52 Leopard 2A4NLs were acquired from the Netherlands in 2001. 46 of these have been refurbished and brought up to Norwegian standards,[43] while the remaining 6 are being used for spare parts.[44] Furthermore, Norway is planning on upgrading 38 tanks to modern standards in the future.[45]

Also has Leopard 1's in storage (unknown condition and quantity). Not in service.

O[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Oman M60A3 73  United States
Challenger 2 38  United Kingdom

P[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Pakistan Type 85-IIAP 300  China
T-80UD 320  Soviet Union
Al-Zarrar 600  China / Pakistan Pakistani-upgraded Type 59
Al-Khalid 300+  China Pakistani variant of MBT-2000
Paraguay M4 Sherman 8–10  United States medium tanks
Perú[46] T-55 240  Soviet Union 50 operatives, 75 in store.
Philippines Has no MBTs, but the Scorpion CVR 90 serves as the principal light fire support AFV and PMC's LAV-300 as a tank destroyer.
Poland T-72M1 584  Soviet Union
 Poland
License built in Poland
PT-91 232  Poland
Leopard 2 A4, A5 247  Germany 142 Leopard 2 A4 and 105 Leopard A5.
Portugal M-60 A3TTS 96  United States
Leopard 2A6 37  Germany
M48A5 Patton 86  United States In storage. Replaced by M60A3 TTS and Leopard 2A6.

Q[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Qatar Leopard 2 62  Germany

R[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Romania[47][48] T-55 250  Soviet Union
TR-580 42  Romania
TR-85 227  Romania
TR-85M1 54  Romania
Russia[49] T-54/55 1,200  Soviet Union Retired[50]
T-62 1,689  Soviet Union Retired[51]
T-64 4,000  Soviet Union Retired. Awaiting to be scrapped.[52]
T-72 10,255  Soviet Union Most upgraded to T-72B standard, ~1,000 upgraded to T-72B3 standard.[53][54]
T-80 4,500  Soviet Union 3,000 being upgraded to T-80BV standard and redeployed.[55][56][57]
T-90 ~750-1,000  Russia 350-400 being upgraded to latest T-90M standard.[58][59]
T-14 Armata 20+  Russia
Rwanda T-55 12  Soviet Union

S[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Saint Kitts and Nevis Defence force exists, but operates no MBTs. Regional Security System is also responsible for defence affairs. Uses 3 Daimler Ferret FV-702 4x4 ARVs instead.
San Marino Nominal military force exists. Italy is responsible for defence affairs
Saudi Arabia AMX-30 145  France
M60A3 450  United States
M1A2 442  United States DU armor removed. All will receive upgraded digital systems from US-standard M1A2SEP and will be designated M1A2S.
Serbia M-84 232  Yugoslavia
T-72 91  Soviet Union
T-55 ~250  Soviet Union All kept in reserve and are being modified and sold to other nations.
Sierra Leone T-72 2  Soviet Union Purchased from Ukraine, delivered via Poland.[60]
Singapore[61] Leopard 2SG 196 (30 tanks with additional feature)  Germany Upgraded ex-German Leopard 2A4 / Leopard 2SG-1200
Slovakia T-72 30  Soviet Union
Slovenia[62] M-84 54  Yugoslavia 28 in active service
M-55S 30  Soviet Union Heavily modernized T-55 in cooperation with Israel, reserve status
Somalia T-54/55 40  Soviet Union Number in operable condition unknown
M47 Patton  United States Number in operable condition unknown
Centurion 40  United Kingdom
T-34 60  Soviet Union medium tanks
South Africa Olifant 1A/1B 167[63]  United Kingdom/ South Africa Upgraded/modified Centurion
South Sudan T-55  Soviet Union
T-72 110  Soviet Union
Spain Leopard 2A6E 219  Germany/ Spain License built in Spain
Leopard 2A4 108  Germany 54 reserve
M60A3 TTS 17  United States Spanish Marines
Sri Lanka T-55AM2 200+  Czech Republic Modernized versions of the T-55 with upgraded systems and armament. Sri Lanka Armoured Corps
MBT 2000 80+  China Sri Lanka Armoured Corps
ZTZ88 MBT 20+  China modernized versions of the T-72. Sri Lanka Armoured Corps
Sudan T-55 250  Soviet Union
Suriname Has no MBTs. Army uses AFVs like EE-9 Cascavel, EE-11 Urutu, and DAF YP-408.
Sweden Leopard Strv.122 120  Germany/ Sweden Leopard 2A5 modified to Swedish specifications. Sweden also previously leased and operated 160 Leopard 2A4s (locally designated Strv 121) from Germany, but most of these have been returned.[64]
Switzerland[65] Leopard Pz 87 250  Germany/  Switzerland Leopard 2A4; 134 upgraded to Pz87 Leopard WE with PERI-R17A2, driver rear view camera and electric Turret drive, produced in Thun/Switzerland
Syria T-55 2,000  Soviet Union
T-62 1,000  Soviet Union
T-72 1,500  Soviet Union
T-90 65+  Russia[66]

T[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Republic of China (Taiwan)[67] M60A3 480  United States
CM11 Brave Tiger 450  Taiwan
Tajikistan T-72 44  Soviet Union
Tanzania Type 59 30  China
Thailand M48A5 105  United States
M60A1 and M60A3 178  United States
BM Oplot 31  Ukraine 5 more reported en-route as of November 2017 and manufacture of the remaining 13 completed.[68]
VT-4 28 (+21)  China
Togo T-54/T-55 4  Soviet Union
Tunisia M60A3 84  United States
Turkey[69] Altay 4 prototypes  Turkey A 4th generation MBT designed and produced by Otokar. The Altay will enter serial production phase in 2016. It is expected that a total of 1000 Altays will be produced, in 4 batches of 250 for the Turkish Army.
Leopard 2A4 354  Germany/ Turkey Modernized in Turkey.
Leopard 1A3/A4 397  Germany/ Turkey Modernized in Turkey.
M60T 170  United States/ Israel/ Turkey The Sabra was initially developed as a further evolution of the Magach 7C. The ballistic profile of the appliqué armor was improved, and it incorporated the MG253 120 mm gun developed by Israel Military Industries. Some assembled in Turkey.
M60A3 TTS 762  United States/ Turkey Modernized in Turkey.
M48A5T2 850  United States/ Turkey Improved version of the M48A5T1 upgraded along similar lines to the M60A3 with thermal imaging, M60A3 fire control system and a laser rangefinder. In storage.
Turkmenistan T-72 702  Soviet Union
T-90 10  Russia

U[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Uganda T-55 20  Soviet Union
T-90 44  Russia
Ukraine T-64 2,271  Soviet Union (≈447 T-64B and T-64BV in service)
T-72 180  Soviet Union (stored as reserve)
T-80UD 215  Ukraine (Ukrainian diesel version)
BM Oplot 10  Ukraine
United Arab Emirates OF-40 Mk.2 36  Italy Being withdrawn from service.
AMX-30S 45  France
Leclerc 388  France
United Kingdom Challenger 2 227  United Kingdom The number of Challenger 2s has been cut by 40%[citation needed]
United States M60A3 400  United States In Reserve storage or Used Training Tank, and used by National Guard.
M1/M1A1/M1A2[70] 7,970  United States Army: 1,174 M1A2 and M1A2 SEP variants, 4,393 M1A1 variants
Marines: 403 M1A1
Uruguay Ti-67 15  Soviet Union/ Israel T-55 significantly upgraded by Israel
Uzbekistan T-55 80  Soviet Union
T-62 170  Soviet Union
T-64 100  Soviet Union
T-72 70  Soviet Union

V[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Venezuela AMX-30V 81  France
T72M1M 92  Soviet Union/ Russia Purchased in Sept, 2009; the deliveries started in January, 2011[71]
Vietnam M48 Patton 20  United States
Type 59 350  China
T-55 900  Soviet Union
T-62 200  Soviet Union
T-90S/SK 64  Russia [72]

Y[edit]

Country Type Quantity (estimated) Origin Notes
Yemen M60A1 50  United States
T-55 450  Soviet Union
T-62 200  Soviet Union
T-72 60  Soviet Union

Z[edit]

Country Type Quantity (Estimated) Origin Notes
Zambia T-55 10  Soviet Union
Zimbabwe T-54/55 32  Soviet Union
Type 59 35  China
Type 69 10  China

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

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