List of major perpetrators of the Holocaust

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This is a list of major perpetrators of the Holocaust.

Name Photograph Date of birth Date of death Age at death Role Fate
Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S33882, Adolf Hitler retouched.jpg April 20, 1889 April 30, 1945 56 years, 10 days Leader of the Nazi Party during the Third Reich

Chancellor of Germany
Führer

Committed suicide by gunshot[1][2]
Heinrich Himmler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S72707, Heinrich Himmler.jpg October 7, 1900 May 23, 1945 44 years, 228 days Reichsführer-SS

Chief of German Police
Reich Minister of the Interior

Arrested; committed suicide by biting down on a cyanide capsule
Reinhard Heydrich Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1969-054-16, Reinhard Heydrich.jpg March 7, 1904 June 4, 1942 38 years, 89 days Chief of the Reich Main Security Office

Deputy Reich-Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (acting Protector)

Assassinated in Operation Anthropoid
Adolf Eichmann Adolf Eichmann at Trial1961.jpg March 19, 1906 May 31, 1962 56 years, 73 days Head of the Gestapo Office of Jewish Affairs (RSHA Sub-Department IV-B4). Charged by Reinhard Heydrich with facilitating and managing the mass deportations of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in Eastern Europe. Evaded arrest after the war and escaped to Argentina in 1950. Discovered and kidnapped by Israeli agents in May 1960; subsequently brought to Israel, tried and executed by hanging in June 1962.
Hermann Göring Hermann Goering - Nuremberg2.jpg January 12, 1893 October 15, 1946 53 years, 276 days Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe
President of the Reichstag
Reichsminister of Aviation
Sentenced to death by hanging; committed suicide by cyanide poisoning
Heinrich Müller Heinrich Müller.jpg April 28, 1900 Unknown Unknown SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei, Chief of the Gestapo 1939–1945 Disappeared; possibly killed in Berlin during May 1945 (unconfirmed)
Odilo Globocnik Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2007-0188, Odilo Globocnik.jpg April 21, 1904 May 31, 1945 41 years, 40 days SS and Police Leader in the General Government

Head of Operation Reinhard

Committed suicide by cyanide poisoning
Theodor Eicke Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1974-160-13A, Theodor Eicke.jpg October 17, 1892 February 26, 1943 50 years, 132 days A major figure in the creation of the Nazi concentration camps

First commander of SS Division Totenkopf, which became notorious for its war crimes.

Killed in action
Richard Glücks April 22, 1889 May 10, 1945 56 years, 18 days Head of Concentration Camp Operations (Amt D: Konzentrationslagerwesen) in the SS Main Economic and Administrative Department (SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt) Committed suicide by cyanide poisoning
Ernst Kaltenbrunner ErnstKaltenbrunner1944.jpg October 4, 1903 October 16, 1946 43 years, 12 days Chief of the Reich Main Security Office after Heydrich was assassinated
President of Interpol
Executed by hanging
Hans Frank Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-011-13, Hans Frank.jpg May 23, 1900 October 16, 1946 46 years, 146 days Governor-General of the General Government Executed by hanging
Arthur Seyss-Inquart Arthur Seyss-Inquart (cropped).jpg July 22, 1892 October 16, 1946 54 years, 86 days Ruler of the Netherlands after its conquest, and effectively deputy to Hans Frank in occupied Poland Executed by hanging
Kurt Daluege Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1985-054-07, Kurt Daluege.jpg September 15, 1897 October 24, 1946 49 years, 39 days Chief of the Ordnungspolizei

Deputy Reich-Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (acting Protector)
Organized the massacres of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky after the assassination of Heydrich

Executed by hanging
Oswald Pohl Pohl, Oswald.JPG June 30, 1892 June 8, 1951 58 years, 343 days Chief of the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt (SS Main Economic and Administrative Department), the central SS financial office responsible for overall administration of the concentration camps. Executed by hanging
Alois Brunner April 8, 1912 c. 2010 c. 98 Deputy to Adolf Eichmann; organised the deportations of at least 140,000 Jews from France, Greece, Slovakia and Austria. Commandant of the Drancy internment camp Escaped to Egypt around 1954, then fled to Syria. Served as a consultant to the al-Assad regime on torture techniques; died in Syria of natural causes around 2010.
Theodor Dannecker March 27, 1913 December 10, 1945 32 years, 258 days Deputy to Adolf Eichmann; Head of the SD Hauptamt – Judenreferat (SD Head Office – Jewish Affairs Department) for Paris: September 1940 – July 1942

In charge of the Final Solution in Bulgaria, the Balkans and Hungary (from 1943)

Arrested by the U.S. military; committed suicide
Martin Bormann Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R14128A, Martin Bormann.jpg June 17, 1900 May 2, 1945 44 years, 319 days Head of the Nazi Party Chancellery

Private Secretary to Adolf Hitler

Sentenced to death by hanging in absentia; believed to have committed suicide to avoid capture in Berlin; the buried body was not found until 1972; the remains were conclusively identified in 1998.[3][4]
Wilhelm Keitel Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H30220, Wilhelm Keitel.jpg September 22, 1882 October 16, 1946 64 years, 24 days Minister of War and chief of the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces Executed by hanging. See War crimes of the Wehrmacht.
Hermann Höfle Hermann Julius Hoefle.jpg June 19, 1911 August 20, 1962 51 years, 62 days Coordinator of Operation Reinhard Arrested; committed suicide by hanging
Ante Pavelić Ante Pavelić StAF W 134 Nr. 026020 Bild 1 (5-92156-1).jpg July 14, 1889 December 28, 1959 70 years, 167 days Leader of the Independent State of Croatia Escaped to Argentina in 1948 via the ratlines. Died from wounds sustained from an assassination attempt
Erwin Lambert Lambert, Erwin.jpg December 7, 1909 October 15, 1976 66 years, 313 days Head of gas chamber construction during Operation Reinhard Arrested but acquitted
Christian Wirth Wirth, Christian.jpg November 24, 1885 May 26, 1944 58 years, 184 days Inspector of Action T4 and Operation Reinhard;

Commandant of Bełżec, March 17, 1942—end of August 1942 (1/2)

Assassinated
Rudolf Höss Rudolf Höß.jpg November 25, 1900 April 16, 1947 46 years, 142 days Commandant of Auschwitz, May 4, 1940December 1, 1943, May 8, 1944January 18, 1945 (1/2) Executed by hanging
Arthur Liebehenschel Liebehenschel, Arthur.jpg November 25, 1901 January 28, 1948 46 years, 64 days Commandant of Auschwitz, December 1, 1943May 8, 1944 (2/2);

Commandant of Majdanek, May 19, 1944July 22, 1944 (5/5)

Executed by hanging
Martin Weiss Martin Gottfried Weiss.jpg June 3, 1905 May 29, 1946 40 years, 360 days Commandant of Dachau, January 3, 1942September 30, 1943 (8/12)

Commandant of Dachau, April 26, 1945April 28, 1945 (10/12)
Commandant of Neuengamme, April 1940August 1942 (2/3)
Commandant of Majdanek, November 1943May 1944 (4/5)

Executed by hanging
Irmfried Eberl Irmfried Eberl.jpg September 8, 1910 February 16, 1948 37 years, 161 days Commandant of Treblinka, July 11, 1942August 26, 1942 (1/3) Arrested; committed suicide by hanging
Hans Bothmann Hans Bothmann (1911 - 1946).jpg November 11, 1911 April 4, 1946 34 years, 144 days Commandant of Chelmno, April 1942July 1944 (2/2) Arrested by the British Army; committed suicide by hanging
Herbert Lange September 29, 1909 April 20, 1945 35 years, 203 days Commandant of Chelmno, December 1941March 1942 (1/2) Killed in action during the Battle of Berlin
Franz Stangl March 26, 1908 June 28, 1971 63 years, 94 days Commandant of Sobibor, April 28, 1942August 30, 1942 (1/2);

Commandant of Treblinka, September 1, 1942August 1943 (2/3)

Arrested on February 28, 1967; sentenced to life imprisonment on October 22, 1970; died in prison
Kurt Franz January 17, 1914 July 4, 1998 84 years, 168 days Commandant of Treblinka, August 1943October 19, 1943 (3/3) Arrested on December 2, 1959; sentenced to life imprisonment in 1965; released on health grounds in 1993
Franz Reichleitner Franz Reichleitner.jpg December 2, 1906 January 3, 1944 37 years, 32 days Commandant of Sobibor, September 1, 1942October 17, 1943 (2/2) Assassinated
Gottlieb Hering June 2, 1887 October 9, 1945 58 years, 129 days Commandant of Bełżec, end of August 1942June 1943 (2/2) Died of mysterious health complications
Amon Goeth Amon goeth 1946.jpg December 11, 1908 September 13, 1946 37 years, 276 days Commandant of Kraków-Płaszów (1/2) Executed by hanging
Siegfried Seidl Siegfried Seidl.jpg August 24, 1911 February 4, 1947 35 years, 164 days Commandant of the Theresienstadt concentration camp November 1941-July 1943 (1/3) Executed by hanging
Max Koegel October 16, 1895 June 27, 1946 50 years, 254 days Commandant of Ravensbrück, January 1940-August 1942 (2/3) ;

Commandant of Majdanek August 1942-November 1942 (2/5);
Commandant of Flossenbürg April 1943-April 1945 (5/5) ;

Committed suicide by hanging
Hanns Rauter Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1982-1021-509, Hanns Rauter-edit.jpg February 4, 1895 March 24, 1949 54 years, 48 days Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) for the Netherlands Executed by firing squad
Walter Rauff Walter Rauff (Walther Rauff, 1945) (cropped).jpg June 19, 1906 May 14, 1984 77 years, 330 days Close aide of Reinhard Heydrich. Group Leader II D of the RSHA (technical matters). Designed gas vans to poison Jews, and persons with disabilities. Einsatzkommando leader in North Africa (1942-1943), SS and Gestapo commander in northwest Italy (1943-1945). Arrested in Italy in 1945; escaped in 1946, fled to Syria in 1948, to Ecuador in 1949, to Chile in 1958. Extradition request by Germany thrown out by Chile in 1963 on the grounds of expired statute of limitations. Most wanted Nazi fugitive in the 1970s and 1980s. Died of natural causes in Chile in 1984.
Eduard Wirths Eduard Wirths.jpg September 4, 1909 September 20, 1945 36 years, 16 days Human medical experimentation, and formal responsibility of medical staff at Auschwitz Arrested; committed suicide by hanging
Josef Mengele WP Josef Mengele 1956.jpg March 16, 1911 February 7, 1979 67 years, 328 days Human medical experimentation, particularly children, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Escaped to Brazil; evaded arrest and died in 1979
Hans Delmotte December 17, 1917 1945 Unknown Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Taken into American custody in January 1945; committed suicide by gunshot
Friedrich Entress December 8, 1914 May 26, 1947 32 years, 169 days Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz, and later at Mauthausen-Gusen Executed by hanging
Helmut Vetter March 21, 1910 February 2, 1949 38 years, 318 days Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Executed by hanging
Georg Norin Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Whereabouts unknown
Hans König May 13, 1912 Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz and later at Neuengamme , and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Allowed to resume his medical career after the war ended; nearly caught but successfully evaded arrest in 1962 and left the country; current whereabounts unknown
Johann Kremer Johann Paul Kremer 1947.tiff December 26, 1883 January 8, 1965 81 years, 13 days Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz Sentenced to death, later commuted to life imprisonment ; released in 1958
Victor Capesius February 7, 1907 March 20, 1985 78 years, 41 days Selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Arrested in 1959 ; sentenced to 9 years imprisonment ; served 2 and a half years and released in 1968 ; died in 1985
Josef Klehr October 17, 1904 August 23, 1988 83 years, 311 days Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz Sentenced to life imprisonment ; died 1988
Horst Schumann Schumann, Horst.jpg May 1, 1906 May 5, 1983 77 years, 4 days Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz Arrested in 1966; released on health grounds on July 29, 1972
Carl Clauberg September 28, 1898 August 9, 1957 58 years, 315 days Human medical experimentation at Auschwitz Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment in 1948; released in 1955; re-arrested in West Germany, but died of a heart attack before being tried
Viktor Brack Viktor Brack Nürnberg 2.jpg November 9, 1904 June 2, 1948 43 years, 206 days Action T4;

Human medical experimentation

Executed by hanging
Karl Gebhardt Karl Gebhardt, SS-Arzt.jpg November 23, 1897 June 2, 1948 50 years, 192 days Director of the German Red Cross and personal physician to Heinrich Himmler. Oversaw human medical experimentation of concentration camp inmates. Executed by hanging
Fritz Klein Fritz Klein.jpg November 24, 1888 December 13, 1945 57 years, 19 days Selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Executed by hanging
August Bogusch August Bogusch.jpg August 5, 1890 January 28, 1948 57 years, 176 days Selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Executed by hanging
Therese Brandl Therese Brandl.jpg February 1, 1902 January 28, 1948 45 years, 361 days Selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz Executed by hanging
Karl Brandt Karl Brandt SS-Arzt.jpg January 8, 1904 June 2, 1948 44 years, 146 days Co-director of Action T4

Conducted human medical experimentation

Executed by hanging
Fritz Katzmann May 6, 1906 September 19, 1957 51 years, 136 days Higher SS and Police Leader of Lwów
Responsible for the establishment of the Lwów Ghetto, which had a population of 120,000 Polish Jews, only 823 surviving after the war
In charge of the establishment of the Radom Ghetto which hosted about 33,000 Polish Jews, the majority of whom died
Higher SS and Police Leader of the District of Galicia
Evaded arrest after the war and died in 1957
Philipp Bouhler Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1983-094-01, Phillip Bouhler.jpg September 11, 1899 May 19, 1945 45 years, 250 days Director of Action T4 Arrested; committed suicide by cyanide poisoning
Josef Kramer Kramer Josef.jpeg November 10, 1906 December 13, 1945 39 years, 33 days Commandant of Auschwitz (1944)

Commandant of Bergen-Belsen (1944–1945)

Executed by hanging
Wilhelm Harster July 21, 1904 December 25, 1991 87 years, 157 days Commander of the Security Police (SiPo) and SD (Kraków, 1939-1940; Netherlands, 1940-1943; Italy, 1943-1945). Responsible for the deaths of at least 104,000 Jews. Arrested in 1945 and transferred to Dutch custody. Tried and sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in 1949; served six years; deported to West Germany in 1955. Arrested and tried in 1967. Sentenced to 15 years imprisonment, but sentence commuted and released in 1969.
Karl Frenzel August 28, 1911 September 2, 1996 85 years, 5 days Commandant of Camp I (forced labor camp) at Sobibor Arrested on March 22, 1962; sentenced to life imprisonment on December 20, 1966; released on health grounds in 1982
Erich Bauer March 26, 1900 February 4, 1980 79 years, 315 days Gas chamber executioner of Sobibor Sentenced to death by hanging; commuted to life imprisonment; died in prison
Gustav Laabs December 20, 1902 March 12, 1980 77 years, 83 days Gas chamber executioner at the Chełmno extermination camp Sentenced to 15 years imprisonment (later reduced to 13 years) ; died in 1980
Josef Kollmer Josef Kollmer.jpg February 26, 1901 January 28, 1948 46 years, 336 days Gas chamber executioner at Auschwitz Executed by hanging
Kurt Bolender Heinz Kurt Bolender.jpg May 21, 1912 October 10, 1966 54 years, 142 days Gas chamber executioner of Sobibor Arrested in May 1961; committed suicide by hanging
Hans Koch Hans Koch SS man.jpg August 13, 1912 July 14, 1955 42 years, 335 days Gas chamber executioner at Auschwitz Sentenced to life imprisonment ; died in 1955
Jürgen Stroop Jürgen Stroop.jpg September 26, 1895 March 6, 1952 56 years, 162 days Suppression and destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Executed by hanging
Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg.jpg March 17, 1897 September 20, 1944 47 years, 187 days SS and Police Leader of the Warsaw area from 1941 to 1943

Responsible for the Grossaktion Warsaw, the single most deadly operation against the Jews in the course of the Holocaust in occupied Poland, which entailed sending between 254,000 and 265,000 men, women and children aboard overcrowded Holocaust trains to Treblinka

Leading figure in the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Assassinated
Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger February 27, 1894 May 9, 1945 51 years, 71 days SS and Police Leader in occupied Poland Committed suicide
Bruno Streckenbach Bruno Streckenbach.jpg February 7, 1902 October 28, 1977 75 years, 263 days Trained the Einsatzgruppen; commander of Einsatzgruppe I in Poland Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment in 1952; released on October 10, 1955
Hans-Adolf Prützmann Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R53525, Hans Prützmann.jpg August 31, 1901 May 21, 1945 43 years, 263 days Higher SS and Police Leader of Russia North and Ukraine

Oversaw the activities of the Einsatzgruppen detachments that perpetrated the Holocaust in the Baltic States

Committed suicide while in Allied custody
Friedrich Jeckeln FriedrichJeckeln.jpg February 2, 1895 February 3, 1946 51 years, 1 day Higher SS and Police Leader in the occupied Soviet Union

Responsible for Rumbula, Babi Yar and Kamianets-Podilskyi massacres

Executed by hanging
Franz Walther Stahlecker Franz Walter Stahlecker01.jpg October 10, 1900 March 23, 1942 41 years, 164 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe A, Baltic states, June 22, 1941March 23, 1942 (1/5) Killed in action
Heinz Jost Heinz Jost 09936.jpg July 9, 1904 November 12, 1964 60 years, 126 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe A, Baltic states, March 29, 1942September 2, 1942 (2/5) Sentenced to life imprisonment in 1945; commuted to 10 years; released in 1951
Humbert Achamer-Pifrader November 21, 1900 April 25, 1945 44 years, 155 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe A, Baltic states, September 10, 1942September 4, 1943 (3/5) Killed in air raid
Friedrich Panzinger February 1, 1903 August 8, 1959 56 years, 188 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe A, Baltic states, September 5, 1943May 6, 1944 (4/5)
Last chief of the Kripo (2/2)
Arrested; committed suicide
Wilhelm Fuchs September 1, 1898 January 24, 1947 48 years, 145 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe A, Baltic states, May 6, 1944October 10, 1944 (5/5);

Commander of Einsatzkommando 3, September 15, 1943May 27, 1944

Executed
Eduard Strauch Eduard Strauch.jpg August 17, 1906 September 15, 1955 49 years, 29 days Commander of Einsatzkommando 2, Latvia (Rumbula), November 4, 1941December 2, 1941;

Commander of Sonderkommando 1b, March 1942August 1942

Sentenced to death by hanging in 1948; died in prison
Rudolf Lange April 18, 1910 February 23, 1945 34 years, 311 days Commander of Einsatzkommando 2, Latvia, December 3, 19411944 Believed to have been killed in action
Karl Jäger September 20, 1888 June 22, 1959 70 years, 275 days Commander of Einsatzkommando 3, Lithuania, June 1941August 1, 1943 Discovered and arrested in 1959; committed suicide
Hermann Schaper August 12, 1911 deceased after 2002 over 90 years Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Poland Arrested in 1964; released due to insufficient evidence
Arthur Nebe Bundesarchiv Bild 101III-Alber-096-34, Arthur Nebe.jpg November 13, 1894 March 21, 1945 50 years, 128 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Belarus, June 1941November 1941 (1/5)
Chief of the Kripo (1/2)
President of Interpol
Executed by Nazi Germany for involvement in the failed 20 July 1944 attempt to kill Adolf Hitler
Erich Naumann Erich Naumann at the Nuremberg Trials.PNG April 29, 1905 June 8, 1951 46 years, 40 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Belarus, November 1941March 1943 (2/5) Executed by hanging
Horst Böhme Horst.Bohme(1909-1945).gif August 24, 1909 April 10, 1945 35 years, 229 days Lidice
Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Belarus, March 12, 1943August 28, 1943, August 12, 1944 (3/5);

Commander of Einsatzgruppe C, north and central Ukraine, September 6, 1943March 1944 (3/3)

Presumed killed in action in Königsberg, East Prussia; officially declared dead in 1954
Erich Ehrlinger October 14, 1910 July 31, 2004 93 years, 291 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Belarus, August 28, 1943April 1944 (4/5);

Commander of Sonderkommando 1b, June 1941November 1941

Arrested in December 1958; sentenced to 12 years imprisonment
Heinrich Seetzen June 22, 1906 September 28, 1945 39 years, 98 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Belarus, April 28, 1944August 1944 (5/5);

Commander of Einsatzkommando 10a, Moldova, south Ukraine, the Crimea, and north Caucasus, June 1941July 1942

Arrested in September 1945; committed suicide by cyanide poisoning.
Otto Bradfisch May 10, 1903 June 22, 1994 91 years, 43 days Commander of Einsatzkommando 8, Belarus, June 1941April 1, 1942 Arrested on April 21, 1958; sentenced to 13 years imprisonment in 1963
Otto Rasch Otto Rasch at the Nuremberg Trials.jpg December 7, 1891 November 1, 1948 56 years, 330 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe C, north and central Ukraine, June 1941October 1941 (1/3) Arrested; removed from trial on health grounds; died in prison
Max Thomas August 4, 1891 December 6, 1945 54 years, 124 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe C, north and central Ukraine, October 1941April 29, 1943 (2/3) Committed suicide
Paul Blobel Paul-Blobel.jpg August 13, 1894 June 8, 1951 56 years, 299 days Commander of Einsatzkommando 4a, Ukraine (Babi Yar), June 1941January 13, 1942;

Director of Sonderaktion 1005

Executed by hanging
Otto Ohlendorf Otto Ohlendorf at the Nuremberg Trials.PNG February 4, 1907 June 8, 1951 44 years, 124 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe D, Moldova, south Ukraine, the Crimea, and north Caucasus, June 1941July 1942 (1/2) Executed by hanging
Walther Bierkamp December 17, 1901 May 15, 1945 43 years, 149 days Commander of Einsatzgruppe D, Moldova, south Ukraine, the Crimea, and north Caucasus, July 1942March 1943 (2/2) Committed suicide
Werner Braune Braune Werner.jpg April 11, 1909 June 8, 1951 42 years, 58 days Commander of Einsatzkommando 11b, south Ukraine and the Crimea, October 1941September 1942 Executed by hanging
Joachim Hamann[5] May 18, 1913 July 13, 1945 32 years, 56 days Commander of Rollkommando Hamann, a small mobile unit established by him that murdered an estimated 60,000 Latvian Jews in massacres across occupied territory Committed suicide after the war
Maria Mandel Maria Mandel.jpg January 10, 1912 January 24, 1948 36 years, 14 days Commandant of female camp at Auschwitz Executed by hanging
Fritz Hartjenstein July 3, 1905 October 20, 1954 49 years, 109 days Commandant of Birkenau Died awaiting execution
Johann Schwarzhuber Johann Schwarzhuber.tiff August 29, 1904 May 3, 1947 42 years, 247 days Commandant of men's camp at Auschwitz, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz

Commandant of Birkenau

Executed by hanging
Irma Grese Irma Grese.jpg October 7, 1923 December 13, 1945 22 years, 67 days Warden of the women's section of Bergen-Belsen, and later Auschwitz Executed by hanging
Elisabeth Volkenrath Elisabeth Volkenrath.jpg September 5, 1919 December 13, 1945 26 years, 99 days Supervising wardress of the women camp section at Auschwitz, and later Bergen-Belsen

Selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz

Executed by hanging
Martin Weiss February 21, 1903 c.1984 Unknown Commander of the Vilna Ghetto

Commander of the Ypatingasis būrys killing squad, which was largely responsible for the Ponary massacre where approximately 100,000 people were shot, including 70,000 Jews.

Arrested in 1949 ; sentenced in 1950 to life imprisonment; sentence suspended in 1970 and revoked in 1977; died sometime in 1984
Eduard Roschmann November 25, 1908 August 8, 1977 68 years, 256 days Commandant of the Riga Ghetto Arrested in 1945 but released early ; fled to Argentina and subsequently escaped prosecution ; died in 1977
Otto-Heinrich Drechsler HL Damals – Drechsler.jpg April 1, 1895 May 5, 1945 50 years, 34 days General Commissioner for Latvia for Nazi Germany's occupation regime (Reichskommissariat Ostland)
Major figure in the establishment of the Riga Ghetto
Taken into British custody ; committed suicide
Franz Murer January 24, 1912 January 5, 1994 81 years, 346 days Responsible for the establishment of the Vilna Ghetto, which hosted a population of about 55,000 Jews, none of whom survived after the war
Effectively ruled the ghetto until July 23,shortly before its liquidation
Arrested in 1947 and deported to the Soviet Union in January 1948; sentenced to 25 years in hard labor ; released in 1955 due to the Austrian State Treaty ; Arrested and prosecuted again in 1963 due to the intervention of the famous Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal ; acquitted on all charges and died in 1994
Franz Huber January 22, 1902 January 30, 1975 73 years, 8 days Chief of the SiPo (Security Police) and the Gestapo for Vienna, the "Upper" and "Lower Danube" regions and formal chief of the Central Agency for Jewish Emigration in Vienna
Responsible for the mass deportations of Austrian Jews from these regions
Died in 1975 without being suspected of any crimes
Edmund Veesenmayer Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1993-021-20, Edmund Veesenmayer.jpg November 12, 1904 December 23, 1977 73 years, 42 days Reich plenipontiary to Hungary after the occupation of the country

Instrumental in the Holocaust in Croatia and a major figure in the deportation of 300,000 Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz

Arrested in 1949 and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment ; sentence reduced to 10 years imprisonment in 1951 ; released on 16 December the same year due to the intervention of the US High Commissioner in Germany ; died in 1977
Albert Ganzenmüller Albert Ganzenmüller (Foto von Ittenbach) 1942 klein.jpg February 25, 1905 March 20, 1996 91 years, 24 days Under-secretary of State at the Reich Transport Ministry

Ensured the smooth running of transport to the extermination camps set up during Operation Reinhardt

Escaped after the war from an interrogation camp to Argentina via Italy ; in 1952, due to a amnesty his case was delayed ; returned to Germany in 1957 ; in 1973 another attempt to have him prosecuted failed again ; case closed in 1977 ; died in 1996 without being judged for any war crimes
Jozef Tiso Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2010-0049, Josef Tiso.jpg October 13, 1887 April 18, 1947 59 years, 187 days Leader of the State of Slovakia Executed by hanging
Alexander Mach Alexander Mach Slovakia11.jpg October 11, 1902 October 15, 1980 78 years, 4 days Head of the Hlinka Guard, one of the leading forces in the extermination of 68,000-71,000 Slovak Jews during the Holocaust in Slovakia Sentenced to 30 years imprisonment and released in 1968 ; died in 1980
Vojtech Tuka Vojtech Tuka in uniform.jpg July 4, 1880 August 20, 1946 66 years, 47 days Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak State
Leading figure in the mass deportations of Slovak Jews to Nazi concentration camps
Executed by hanging
Ludwig Fischer Ludwig Fischer.jpg April 6, 1905 March 8, 1947 41 years, 336 days Governor of the Warsaw District

Responsible fore the establishment of the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto ever build by the Nazis

Executed by hanging
Josef Bürckel Langhammer - Josef Bürckel.jpg March 30, 1895 September 28, 1944 49 years, 182 days Influential in the rise of the Nazi movement

Responsible for the establishment of the Central Agency for Jewish Emigration in Vienna
Gauleiter of Vienna
Governor of the Vienna region
Gauleiter of Gau Westmark

Died of because of ill health
Erich Koch Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H13717, Erich Koch.jpg June 19, 1896 November 12, 1986 90 years, 146 days Gauleiter of East Prussia

Chief of Civil Administration ( Chef der Zivilverwaltung) of Bezirk Bialystok
Reich Commissioner for Ukraine (Reichskommissariat Ukraine)

Sentenced in 1959 to death, which was later commuted to life imprisonment ; died 1986
Viktors Arājs January 13, 1910 January 13, 1988 78 years, 0 days Leader of the Arajs Kommando, which murdered half of Latvia's Jewish population Held in a British internment camp until 1949 ; evaded prosecution until 1979 when convicted for his involvement in the Rumbula massacre and sentenced to life imprisonment ; died in 1988 while in prison
Werner Best Werner Best 1942.jpg July 10, 1903 June 23, 1980 76 years, 349 days Chief of Departament 1 of the Gestapo ; initiated a registry of all Jews in Germany

Deputy to Reinhard Heydrich

Sentenced to death in 1948,later to 12 years imprisonment ; released in 1951 ; held in detention in 1958 and charged again of war crimes in 1972 ; died in 1989 without serving time in prison a second time
Oswald Poche January 28, 1908 September 22, 1962 54 years, 237 days Chief of the Gestapo in Frankfurt

Leading figure in the mass deportations of German Jews from Frankfurt to concentration and extermination camps

Died without being suspected of any crime
Kurt Lischka August 16, 1909 May 16, 1989 79 years, 273 days Chief of the Gestapo and commander of the SiPo and the SD in Paris

Responsible of the single largest mass deportation of French Jews in Occupied France

Sentenced in 1980 to ten years imprisonment ; released early on health grounds and died in 1989
Ernst Girzick Ernst Girzick.jpg October 17, 1911 Deputy to Alois Brunner from 1939 to 1943 in the Central Agency for Jewish Emigration in Vienna

Head of the main offices of the Central Office for the Settlement of the Jewish Question in Bohemia and Moravia

Arrested after the war and sentenced in 1948 to 15 years imprisonment ; pardoned in 1953 ; remaining whereabounts unknown

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kershaw (2008) Hitler: A Biography, p. 955
  2. ^ Joachimsthaler (1999) [1995] The Last Days of Hitler: The Legends, the Evidence, the Truth, pp. 160–182
  3. ^ Beevor (2002) Berlin: The Downfall 1945, p. 383
  4. ^ Miller (2006) Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1, p. 154
  5. ^
    • Matthaūs, Jūrgen. "Anti-Semitism as an Offer: The Function of Ideological indoctrination in the SS and Police Corps During the Holocaust" in Hayes, Peter and Herzog, Dagmar eds. (1991) Lessons and Legacies VII: The Holocaust in International Perspective] Northwestern University Press. p. 119. ISBN 9780810109551
    • Struve, Kai "Anti-Jewish Violence in the Summer of 1941" in Geissbühler, Simon (2016) Romania and the Holocaust: Events Contexts Aftermath] New York: Columbia University Press. p. 106. ISBN 9783838269245
    • Bubnys, Arŭnas "The Holocaust in Lithuania: An Outline of the Major Stages and their Results" in Nikžentaitis, Alvydas; Schreiner, Stefan; and Staliūnas, Darius eds. (2004) The Vanished World of Lithuanian Jews] Rodopi. p.210 ISBN 9789042008502
    • Friedman, Jonathan C. ed. (2010) The Routledge History of the Holocaust] New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781136870590