List of major surface ships of the Turkish Navy

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This is a list of Turkish Navy major surface ships that have served past and present, from 10 July 1920[1] to present.

Battleship[edit]

Brandenburg class[edit]

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
Turgut Reis[2][3] German Empire AG Vulcan, Stettin 14 December 1891
War Ensign of Germany (1903-1918).svg SMS Weissenburg
12 Septemter 1910
Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Turgut Reis
Coastal defence ship
broken up 1956–57

Battlecruiser[edit]

Turkish battlecruiser Yavuz, 1936.

Moltke class[edit]

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
Yavuz Sultan Selim[3][4] German Empire Blohm & Voss AG., Hamburg War Ensign of Germany (1903-1918).svg SMS Goeben 16 August 1914
Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Yavuz Sultan Selim
1930 Yavuz Selim, 1936 Yavuz
broken up July 1973 - February 1976

Protected cruisers[edit]

Turkish protected cruiser Mecidiye, 1932.
Turkish cruiser Hamidiye, 1914.

Mecidiye[edit]

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
Mecidiye[3][5] US flag 45 stars.svg William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia 25 July 1903
(as Abdül Mecid)
19 December 1903
Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Mecidiye
1940 - cadet training ship
1952-1956 broken up

Hamidiye[edit]

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
Hamidiye[3][4] Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd., Newcastle 25 September 1903 April 1904
Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Hamidiye
1940 - cadet training ship
1966 broken up

Torpedo cruisers[edit]

Peyk-i Şevket class[edit]

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
Peyk-i Şevket German Empire Schiffs & Maschinenbau Germania AG, Kiel 15 November 1906 November 1907
Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Peyk-i Şevket
Discarded late 1940s
Berk-i Satvet German Empire Schiffs & Maschinenbau Germania AG, Kiel 1 December 1906 November 1907
Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Berk-i Satvet
Discarded late 1940s

Destroyers[edit]

Samsun class[edit]

(Version of France French Navy Durandal-class destroyer):

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
Samsun[3][4] France SA Chantier et Ateliers de la Gironde, Bordeaux 1907 1907 Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg 1949 broken up
Taşoz[3][4] France SA Chantier et Ateliers de la Gironde, Bordeaux 1906 1907 Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg 1949 broken up
Basra[3][4] France SA Chantier et Ateliers de la Gironde, Bordeaux 1906 1907 Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg 1949 broken up

Muâvenet-i Millîye class[edit]

(Ex-War Ensign of Germany (1903-1918).svg Kaiserliche Marine S-165 class):

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
Muâvenet-i Millîye[3][6] Flag of the German Empire.svg Fr Schichau AG, Elbing 20 March 1909
Ex-S-165
17 August 1910 Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Stricken 1924
Nümûne-i Hamiyet[3][6] Flag of the German Empire.svg Fr Schichau AG, Elbing 3 July 1909
Ex-S-167
17 August 1910 Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Stricken 1924

Adatepe class[edit]

(Version of Kingdom of Italy Regia Marina Folgore class):

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Kocatepe[7][8] Kingdom of Italy Ansaldo, Sestri Ponente 7 February 1931 18 October 1931 February 1954 decommissioned
TCG Adatepe[7][8] Kingdom of Italy Ansaldo, Sestri Ponente 19 March 1931 18 October 1931 February 1954 decommissioned

Tinaztepe class[edit]

(Version of Kingdom of Italy Regia Marina Freccia class):

Ship Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Tınaztepe[7][8] Kingdom of Italy C.T. Riva Trigoso, Riva Trigoso 27 July 1931 6 June 1932 February 1954 decommissioned
TCG Zafer[7][8] Kingdom of Italy C.T. Riva Trigoso, Riva Trigoso 20 September 1931 6 June 1932 February 1954 decommissioned

Gayret[edit]

(Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy O class):

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Gayret[7][8] United Kingdom Fairfield, Govan 14 January 1941
Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy HMS Oribi (G66)[9]
18 June 1946 Discarded 1965

Demirhisar class[edit]

(Modified Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy I class):

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Demirhisar[7][8] United Kingdom Denny, Dumbarton 1941 Delivered 1942 Discarded 1960
TCG Sultanhisar[7][8] United Kingdom Denny, Dumbarton 17 December 1940 Delivered 1942 Discarded 1960
TCG Muavenet[7][8] United Kingdom Vickers-Armstrongs, Barrow 24 February 1941 Taken over by Royal Navy on completion as HMS Inconstant (H49):[10]
Returned 1945
Discarded 1960
TCG Gayret[7][8] United Kingdom Vickers-Armstrongs, Barrow 15 December 1940 Taken over by Royal Navy on completion as HMS Ithuriel (H05):[11]
Constructive total loss 1943
Broken up 1946-47

Ex-Gleaves class (US Navy)[edit]

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Gaziantep (D-344)[7][8] United States Federal, Kearny Ex-USS Lansdowne (DD-486) 1950 Discarded 1973
TCG Giresun (D-345)[7][8] United States Federal, Kearny Ex-USS McCalla (DD-488) 29 April 1949 Discarded 1973
TCG Gelibolu (D-346)[7][8] United States Federal, Kearny Ex-USS Buchanan (DD-484) 29 April 1949 Discarded 1976
TCG Gemlik (D-347)[7][8] United States Federal, Kearny Ex-USS Lardner (DD-487) 1950 Stricken 1981

Ex-M-class (Royal Navy)[edit]

(Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy M-class destroyer):

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Alp Alslan (D-348)[7][8] United Kingdom Scotts, Greenock Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy HMS Milne (G14)[12] 19 June 1959 Discarded early 1970s
TCG Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak (D-349)[7][8] United Kingdom Vickers-Armstrongs, Tyne Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy HMS Marne (G35)[13] 19 June 1959 Discarded early 1970s
TCG Kılıç Ali Paşa (D-350)[7][8] United Kingdom Stephen, Linthouse Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy HMS Matchless (G52)[14] 19 June 1959 Discarded early 1970s
TCG Piyale Paşa (D-351)[7][8] United Kingdom Stephen, Linthouse Ex-Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy HMS Meteor (G73)[15] 19 June 1959 Discarded early 1970s

Ex-Fletcher class (US Navy)[edit]

(Ex-United States US Navy Fletcher-class destroyer:)

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG İstanbul (D-340)[7][8] United States Federal, Kearny Ex-USS Clarence K. Bronson (DD-668) 14 January 1967 Stricken 1987
TCG İzmir (D-341)[7][8] United States Gulf, Chickasaw Ex-USS Van Valkenburgh (DD-656) 28 February 1967 Stricken 1987
TCG İzmit (D-342)[7][8] United States Bath Iron Works, Bath Ex-USS Cogswell (DD-651) 1 October 1969 Stricken 1980
TCG İskenderun (D-343)[7][8] United States Bethlehem, San Pedro Ex-USS Boyd (DD-544) 1 October 1969 Stricken 1981
TCG İçel (D-344)[7][8] United States Bethlehem, San Pedro Ex-USS Preston (DD-795) 15 November 1969 Stricken 1981

Ex-Allen M. Sumner class (US Navy)[edit]

Ex-United States US Navy Robert H. Smith class (Allen M. Sumner class):

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Zafer (D-356)[16] United States Bethlehem, San Pedro Ex-USS Hugh Purvis (DD-709) 22 October 1971 Stricken 1993, Broken up 1994
TCG Muavenet (DM-357)[16] United States Federal, Kearny Ex-USS Gwin (DD-772) -> USS Gwin (DM-33) 15 February 1972 Damaged 2 October 1992, Stricken 1993

Ex-Gearing class (US Navy)[edit]

(Ex-United States US Navy Gearing-class destroyer:)

D-352 TCG Gayret as a museum ship (TCG Gayret Museum) in Izmit, Turkey.
Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Yücetepe (D-345)[16] United States Consolidated, Orange Ex-USS Orleck (DD-886) 1 October 1982
TCG Savaştepe (D-347)[16] United States Consolidated, Orange Ex-USS Meredith (DD-890) 7 December 1979
TCG Kılıç Ali Paşa (D-349)[16] United States Consolidated, Orange Ex-USS Robert H. McCard (DD-822) 5 June 1980
TCG Piyale Paşa (D-350)[16] United States Bath Iron Works, Bath Ex-USS Fiske (DD-842) 5 June 1980
TCG Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak (D-351)[16] United States Bethlehem, Quincy Ex-USS Charles H. Roan (DD-853) 29 September 1973 Broken up 1995
TCG Gayret (D-352)[16] United States Todd Pacific, Seattle Ex-USS Eversole (DD-789) 11 July 1973 Museum Ship in İzmit, Turkey
TCG Adatepe (D-353)[16] United States Bethlehem, Staten Island Ex-USS Forrest Royal (DD-872) 27 March 1971 Stricken 1993, Broken up 1994
TCG Kocatepe (D-354)[16] United States Bethlehem, San Pedro Ex-USS Harwood (DD-861) 17 December 1971 Sunk 24 July 1974.
TCG Kocatepe[16] United States Bethlehem, San Pedro Ex-USS Norris (DD-859) 7 July 1974 Stricken 1993
TCG Tınaztepe (D-355)[16] United States Bethlehem, San Francisco Ex-USS Keppler (DD-765) 30 June 1972 Laid up 1984

Ex-Carpenter class (US Navy)[edit]

Ex-United States US Navy Carpenter-class anti submarine destroyer:

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Alçıtepe (D-346)[16] United States Bath Iron Works, Bath Ex-USS Robert A. Owens (DD-827) 16 February 1982
TCG Anıttepe (D-347)[16] United States Consolidated, Orange Ex-USS Carpenter (DD-825) 20 February 1981

Frigates[edit]

Berk class[edit]

(Modified United States US Navy Claud Jones-class destroyer escort):

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Berk (D-358)[17] Turkey Gölcük Naval Shipyard 25 June 1971 12 July 1972
TCG Peyk (D-359)[17] Turkey Gölcük Naval Shipyard 7 June 1972 24 July 1975

Gelibolu class[edit]

(Ex-Germany Bundesmarine Köln-class frigate: F120)

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Gelibolu (D-360)[17] Germany HC Stülcken, Hamburg 24 October 1959
Ex-Karlsruhe (F223) (Bundesmarine)
28 March 1982
TCG Gemlik (D-361)[17] Germany HC Stülcken, Hamburg 21 March 1959
Ex-Emden (F221) (Bundesmarine)
23 September 1983 1994 broken up

Tepe class[edit]

(Ex-Knox-class frigate United States US Navy ):

TCG Karadeniz (F-255), a Tepe (Knox) class frigate of the Turkish Navy, in Rota, Cádiz, Spain, on April 7, 2004.
Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Muavenet (F-250)[18] United States Avondale, Westwego 21 October 1972
Ex-USS Capodanno (FF-1093)
30 July 1993 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Decommissioned
TCG Adatepe (F-251)[18] United States Todd, San Pedro 24 January 1970
Ex-USS Fanning (FF-1076)
31 July 1993 leased
22 February 2002 sold
2001 decommissioned
TCG Kocatepe (F-252)[18] United States Lockheed, Seattle 1 August 1970
Ex-USS Reasoner (FF-1063)
30 August 1993 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Decommissioned
TCG Zafer (F-253)[18] United States Avondale, Westwego 12 August 1972
Ex-USS Thomas C. Hart (FF-1092)
30 August 1993 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Extant in 2010
TCG Ege (F-256)[18] United States Avondale, Westwego 15 April 1972
Ex-USS Ainsworth (FF-1090)
20 May 1994 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Decommissioned
İnciraltı Sea Museum
TCG Karadeniz (F-255)[18] United States Avondale, Westwego 22 May 1971
Ex-USS Donald B. Beary (FF-1085)
27 May 1994 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Decommissioned
TCG Trakya (F-254)[18] United States Avondale, Westwego 20 March 1971
Ex-USS McCandless (FF-1084)
5 June 1994 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Decommissioned
TCG Akdeniz (F-257)[18] United States Avondale, Westwego 2 May 1970
Ex-USS Bowen (FF-1079)
3 June 1994 leased
22 February 2002 sold
Decommissioned

Gabya class[edit]

(Ex-Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate United States US Navy):

F-490 TCG Gaziantep, a G-class (Oliver Hazard Perry-class) frigate of the Turkish Navy, in Cartagena, Spain, on May 31, 2010.
Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Gaziantep (F-490) United States Bath Iron Works, Bath 16 February 1980
Ex-USS Clifton Sprague (FFG-16)
27 August 1997 Extant in 2010
TCG Giresun (F-491) United States Todd Pacific, Seattle 27 March 1979
Ex-USS Antrim (FFG-20)
27 August 1997 Extant in 2010
TCG Gemlik (F-492) United States Bath Iron Works, Bath 15 May 1980
Ex-USS Flatley (FFG-21)
27 August 1998 Extant in 2010
TCG Gelibolu (F-493) United States Todd Pacific, Seattle 27 June 1981
Ex-USS Reid (FFG-30)
5 January 1999 Extant in 2010
TCG Gökçeada (F-494) United States Todd Pacific, Seattle 7 February 1981
Ex-USS Mahlon S. Tisdale (FFG-27)
5 April 1999 Extant in 2010
TCG Gediz (F-495) United States Todd Pacific, Seattle 20 October 1979
Ex-USS John A. Moore (FFG-19)
1 September 2000 Extant in 2010
TCG Gökova (F-496) United States Bath Iron Works, Bath 14 July 1979
Ex-USS Samuel Eliot Morison (FFG-13)
11 April 2002 Extant in 2010
TCG Göksu (F-497) United States Bath Iron Works, Bath 3 November 1979
Ex-USS Estocin (FFG-15)
3 April 2003 Extant in 2010

Yavuz class[edit]

(Germany Blohm + Voss MEKO 200 TN):

U.S. Marines from USS Taylor (FFG-50) preparing to board TCG Yavuz (F-240), a Yavuz class (MEKO 200 TN Track I) frigate of the Turkish Navy, during the NATO exercise Sea Breeze 2010 in the Black Sea.
Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Yavuz (F-240)[17] Germany Blohm + Voss, Hamburg 30 May 1985 11 Oct 1987 Extant in 2010
TCG Turgutreis (F-241)[17] Germany Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Kiel 17 July 1987 4 February 1988 Extant in 2010
TCG Fatih (F-242)[17] Turkey Gölcük Naval Shipyard 24 April 1987 12 October 1988 Extant in 2010
TCG Yıldırım (F-243)[17] Turkey Gölcük Naval Shipyard 22 July 1988 17 November 1989 Extant in 2010

Barbaros class[edit]

(Germany Blohm + Voss MEKO 200 TN II-A):

F-245 TCG Oruç Reis, a Barbaros class (MEKO 200 TN Track II-A) frigate, departing from Portsmouth Naval Base in the United Kingdom, on September 21, 2009. Off the bows in the distance is Fort Gilkicker, and beyond (to the left) the Isle of Wight.
Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Barbaros (F-244)[18] Germany Blohm + Voss, Hamburg 29 September 1993 23 May 1997 Extant in 2010
TCG Oruçreis (F-245)[18] Turkey Gölcük Naval Shipyard 28 July 1994 23 May 1997 Extant in 2010

Salihreis class[edit]

(Germany Blohm + Voss MEKO 200 TN II-B):

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Salihreis (F-246) Germany Blohm + Voss, Hamburg 26 September 1997 22 July 1998 Extant in 2010
TCG Kemalreis (F-247) Turkey Gölcük Naval Shipyard 24 July 1998 8 June 2000 Extant in 2010

Corvettes[edit]

Burak class[edit]

(Ex-D'Estienne d'Orves class France French Navy):

Name Builder Launched Acquired Fate
TCG Bozcaada (F-500) France DCN, Lorient 7 August 1976
Ex-F787 Commandant de Pimodan
25 July 2001 Extant in 2010
TCG Bodrum (F-501) France DCN, Lorient 30 November 1974
Ex-F783 Drogou
18 October 2001 Extant in 2010
TCG Bandırma (F-502) France DCN, Lorient 7 August 1976
Ex-F786 Quartier-Maître Anquetil
15 November 2001 Extant in 2010
TCG Beykoz (F-503) France DCN, Lorient 1 June 1973
Ex-F781 D'Estienne d'Orves
18 March 2002 Extant in 2010
TCG Bartın (F-504) France DCN, Lorient 30 November 1974
Ex-F782 Amyot d'Inville
3 June 2002 Extant in 2010
TCG Bafra (F-505) France DCN, Lorient 13 August 1977
Ex-F788 Second-Maître Le Bihan
26 June 2002 Extant in 2010

Ada class[edit]

(Turkey - MILGEM):

Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fate
TCG Heybeliada (F-511) Turkey Istanbul Naval Shipyard 27 September 2008 27 September 2011 -
TCG Büyükada (F-512) Turkey Istanbul Naval Shipyard 27 September 2011 - -

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Cevat Ülkekul, "Kurtuluş Savaşı'nda Türk Denizcileri ve Cumhuriyet Bahriyesinin Kuruluşu", Piri Reis Symposium, Office of Navigation of Hydrography and Oceanography. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Robert Gardiner, Randal Gray, Przemysław Budzbon, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1985, ISBN 978-0-85177-245-5, pp. 390-391.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Robert Gardiner, Roger Chesneau, Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1980, ISBN 978-0-85177-146-5, p. 406.
  4. ^ a b c d e Robert Gardiner, Randal Gray, Przemysław Budzbon, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1985, ISBN 978-0-85177-245-5, p. 391.
  5. ^ Robert Gardiner, Randal Gray, Przemysław Budzbon, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1985, ISBN 978-0-85177-245-5, p. 389.
  6. ^ a b Robert Gardiner, Randal Gray, Przemysław Budzbon, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906-1921, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1985, ISBN 978-0-85177-245-5, pp. 391-392.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Robert Gardiner, Roger Chesneau, Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1980, ISBN 978-0-85177-146-5, p. 407.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Robert Gardiner, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, 2nd Revised edition, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1995, ISBN 978-0-85177-605-7, p. 469.
  9. ^ HMS Oribi (G 66), Naval History Homepage
  10. ^ HMS Inconstant (H 49), Naval History Homepage
  11. ^ HMS Ithuriel (H 05), Naval History Homepage
  12. ^ HMS Milne (G 14), Naval History Homepage
  13. ^ HMS Marne (G 35), Naval History Homepage
  14. ^ HMS Matchless (G 52), Naval History Homepage
  15. ^ HMS Meteor (G 73), Naval History Homepage
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Robert Gardiner, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, 2nd Revised edition, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1995, ISBN 978-0-85177-605-7, p. 470.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Robert Gardiner, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, 2nd Revised edition, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1995, ISBN 978-0-85177-605-7, p. 471.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Robert Gardiner, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, 2nd Revised edition, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1995, ISBN 978-0-85177-605-7, p. 472.

External links[edit]