List of mammals of Massachusetts

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This is a list of Massachusetts mammals. It includes all mammals currently living in Massachusetts, whether resident or as migrants. For the most part, it does not include each mammals specific habitat, but instead shows the mammals range in the state and its abundance.For a look at these mammals' habitats, see List of mammals of Connecticut. This list does not include the American Bison and Caribou, which have been reported archaeologically, but disappeared after European settlers came to the state. It also does not include the Fox Squirrel, which only occurs accidentally.

The Atlantic right whale is the state marine mammal of Massachusetts

Bats[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red List
Big brown bat
Big brown bat.jpg
Eptesicus fuscus
Beauvois, 1796
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Common, live statewide
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[1]
Silver-haired bat
Lasionycteris noctivagans1.jpg
Lasionycteris noctivagans
Le Conte, 1831
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Migratory, Uncommon, statewide
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[2]
Eastern red bat
C-red-bat.jpg
Lasiurus borealis
Müller, 1776
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Migratory, Common, statewide
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[3]
Hoary bat
Lasurius cinereus.jpg
Lasiurus cinereus
Beauvois, 1796
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Migratory, rarely seen, statewide
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[4]
Eastern small-footed myotis
Myotis leibii.jpg
Myotis leibii
Audubon & Bachman, 1842
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Berkshire and Hampden Counties, extremely rare, listed as Special Concern
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[5]
Little brown bat
Little Brown Bat FWS.jpg
Myotis lucifugus
Le Conte, 1831
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Endangered, distribution spotty
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[6]
Northern long-eared myotis
Myotis septentrionalis 1870.jpg
Myotis septentrionalis
Trouessart, 1897
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Endangered, distribution spotty, reportedly breeding in Martha's Vineyard
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[7]
Indiana bat
Indiana Bat FWS.jpg
Myotis sodalis
Miller & Allen, 1928
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Very rare, Western Massachusetts only, Listed as Endangered in the state and Federally
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[8]
Tricolored bat
Little brown bat 0001.jpg
Perimyotis subflavus
Cuvier, 1832
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Endangered, Distribution spotty
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[9]
  • In 2008, White Nose Syndrome was recorded in Massachusetts. Afterwards, the bat population declined by 98%, and thus, in 2012, the Little Brown myotis, Northern long-eared myotis, and Tricolored bat were listed as endangered in the state.

Carnivora[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red list
American black bear
Black Bear in the Pittsburgh Zoo.jpg
Ursus americanus
Carnivora Ursidae Locally Common to Uncommon; Found in most of the state, however not common in southeast Massachusetts.
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Coyote
Canis latrans var. 1.jpg
Canis latrans
Carnivora Canidae Common; Statewide except Nantucket; 3 records from Martha's Vineyard, but has yet to be established
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Gray wolf
Washtenaw County's last wolf (1907).jpg
Canis lupus lycaon
Carnivora Canidae Extirpated; last reported in 1840, although there were 2 sighting in 1918 and 2007 in Franklin County
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Gray fox
Greyfox.jpg
Urocyon cineroargentatus
Carnivora Canidae Common; Statewide except Dukes, Nantucket, and Suffolk County
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Red fox
Red Fox, Beardsley Zoo, 2009-11-06.jpg
Vulpes vulpes fulves
Carnivora Canidae Common; Statewide except Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket
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Hooded seal
Hooded seal crop.JPG
Cystophora cristata
Carnivora Phocidae Uncommon Winter visitor Reported from Essex, Plymouth, Dukes, Nantucket, Barnstable, and Suffolk counties
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Bearded seal
Bearded Seal.jpg
Erignathus barbatus
Carnivora Phocidae One record; Essex County (2002)
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Grey seal
GreySealMating.jpg
Halichoerus grypus
Carnivora Phocidae Found in Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket counties; Population has increased after seal hunting became illegal in 1962, Known pupping sights are in Monomoy and Muskeget islands
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Harp seal
Blanchon-idlm2006.jpg
Pagophilus groenlandicus
Carnivora Phocidae Common Winter visitor; Reported from Plymouth, Suffolk, Essex, and Barnstable counties. Sightings are increasing, especially in winter
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Harbor seal
Phoca vitulina he.jpg
Phoca vitulina
Carnivora Phocidae A common seal in Massachusetts. Found in coastal areas, including Barnstable, Suffolk, Essex, and Plymouth counties. Regular winter visitor in Cape Cod and the Islands. Originally bred in the state but no known breeding areas. However, pups have been reported in Plymouth
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Ringed seal
Ringedsealportrait.jpg
Pusa hispida
Carnivora Phocidae Uncommon in Massachusetts; are most seen in winter
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Canada lynx
Lynx-canadensis.jpg
Lynx canadensis
Carnivora Felidae Extirpated; Formerly Central and Western Mass; Reported in Hampshire county (1866) and Worcester county (1884–1885), Questionable reports in the 1930s were probably bobcats, 2 records in 1991
7
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Bobcat
Bobcat2.jpg
Lynx rufus
Carnivora Felidae Common in Northeastern, Central and Western Mass, but rare in Southeastern Mass, the Cape, and absent in the islands
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Cougar
EasternCougar.jpg
Puma concolor couguar
Carnivora Felidae Extirpated; Last known record was in 1858. However, In 1997, a DNA testing of feces found in the Quabbin Reservoir in Franklin County was that of a Cougar, although it could have been an escaped captive
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Wolverine
Gulo gulo 2.jpg
Gulo gulo
Carnivora Mustelidae Extirpated; lasted reported in 1835, Formerly Western Mass
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North American river otter
North American River Otter, Beardsley Zoo, 2009-11-06.jpg
Lontra canadensis
Carnivora Mustelidae Common; Statewide except Suffolk County; 2 records in Nantucket were in 1984 and 2007
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American marten
Martes americana Yellowstone 3.jpg
Martes americana
Carnivora Mustelidae Extirpated; Formerly Central, Western, and possibly Northeastern Mass; last reported in Worcester County (1880) although 2 records in 1992 and 1993 may have come from Vermont
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Fisher
Fisher-face-snow - West Virginia - ForestWander.jpg
Martes pennanti
Carnivora Mustelidae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket Counties
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Stoat
Mustela erminea.jpg
Mustela erminea
Carnivora Mustelidae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket Counties; Rare in Cape Cod
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Long-tailed weasel
Long tailed weasel.jpg
Mustela frenata
Carnivora Mustelidae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket Counties
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Sea mink
Neovison macrodon
Carnivora Mustelidae (considered here to be a subspecies of American mink. Other experts consider it a separate species) Formerly Coastal Mass; became Extinct from overtrapping
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American mink
MinkforWiki.jpg
Neovison vison
Carnivora Mustelidae Common; Statewide except Nantucket, possibly extirpated from Martha's Vineyard
7
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Walrus
Noaa-walrus22.jpg
Odobenus rosmarus
Carnivora Odobenidae Rare vagrant. Reported from Essex (1937) and Plymouth (1734) counties
7
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Raccoon
RacoonANP.jpg
Procyon lotor
Carnivora Procyonidae Common, Statewide except Nantucket
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Striped skunk
Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis) DSC 0030.jpg
Mephitis mephitis
Carnivora Mephitidae Common, Statewide except the Elizabeth Islands and Nantucket
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Cetacea[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red list
Bowhead whale
Bowheads42.jpg
Balaena mysticetus
Cetacea Balaenidae Occasionally seen in Winter;Probably Uncommon
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North Atlantic right whale
Eubalaena glacialis with calf.jpg
Eubalaena glacialis
Cetacea Balaenidae Uncommon, Winter and Spring visitor in Cape Cod Bay
7
EN IUCN 3 1.svg
Northern bottlenose whale
Northern bottlenose whale size.svg
Hyperoodon ampullatus
Cetacea Ziphiidae Rare, Pelagic, Stranded in Barnstable and Essex counties
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Sowerby's beaked whale
Sowerby's beaked whale size.svg
Mesoplodon bidens
Cetacea Ziphiidae Only two records in Nantucket
7
VU IUCN 3 1.svg
Blainville's beaked whale
Beaked Whale.jpg
Mesoplodon densirostris
Cetacea Ziphiidae One record in Essex County
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Gervais' beaked whale
Gervais' beaked whale size.svg
Mesoplodon europaeus
Cetacea Ziphiidae One record in Cape Cod
7
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True's beaked whale
True's beaked whale size.svg
Mesoplodon mirus
Cetacea Ziphiidae One record in Nantucket
7
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Cuvier's beaked whale
Wal Cuviera.jpg
Ziphius cavirostris
Cetacea Ziphiidae Pelagic, Stranded in Barnstable, Norfolk, and Dukes counties
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Beluga whale
Beluga03.jpg
Delphinapterus leucas
Cetacea Monodontidae Vagrant, Observed in the waters of Essex, Barnstable, Dukes, and Bristol counties
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Short-beaked common dolphin
Delphinus delphis with calf.jpg
Delphinus delphis
Cetacea Delphinidae Uncommon, Found in Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, and Nantucket counties
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Long-finned pilot whale
LF Pilot Whale Goban Spur.jpg
Globicephala melas
Cetacea Delphinidae Uncommon, Occurs in schools and is frequently stranded
7
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Short-finned pilot whale
PilotWhale.jpg
Globicephala macrorhynchus
Cetacea Delphinidae Uncommon, Occurs in schools, primarily found in warmer waters offshore
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DD IUCN 3 1.svg
Risso's dolphin
Risso's dolphin.jpg
Grampus griseus
Cetacea Delphinidae Uncommon, Offshore waters, Stranded in Barnstable, Dukes, and Norfolk counties
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Atlantic white-sided dolphin
Atlantic white-sided dolphin swimming.jpg
Lagenorhynchus acutus
Cetacea Delphinidae Common, Found in coastal waters, Stranded in Norfolk, Essex, Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket
7
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White-beaked dolphin
DolphinBreathing.jpg
Lagenorhynchus albirostris
Cetacea Delphinidae Rare, Found in coastal waters, Reported from Barnstable and Essex counties
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Killer whale
Killerwhales jumping.jpg
Orcinus orca
Cetacea Delphinidae Rare, Offshore waters, Stranded in Barnstable and Dukes county, Observed in Plymouth and Suffolk counties
7
DD IUCN 3 1.svg
Pantropical spotted dolphin
Schlankdelfin.jpg
Stenella attenuata
Cetacea Delphinidae Uncommon, found in Offshore waters
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Striped dolphin
Stenella coeruleoalba-cropped.jpg
Stenella coeruleoalba
Cetacea Delphinidae Rare, Pelagic, Reported from Dukes, Nantucket, Plymouth, Barnstable, and Essex counties
7
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Atlantic spotted dolphin
Dolphind.jpg
Stenella frontalis
Cetacea Delphinidae Rare, Reported from Nantucket and Dukes counties
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Common bottlenose dolphin
Tursiops truncatus 01-cropped.jpg
Tursiops truncatus
Cetacea Delphinidae Rare, Found in inshore waters, Stranded in Barnstable and Plymouth counties
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Pygmy sperm whale
Pygmy sperm whale size.svg
Kogia breviceps
Cetacea Physeteroidea Rare, Found in offshore waters, Stranded in Barnstable, Plymouth, Essex, Norfolk, and Dukes counties, Recorded in Bristol County waters
7
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Dwarf sperm whale
Kogia sima.jpg
Kogia sima
Cetacea Physeteroidea Rarely seen, Stranded in Nantucket and Plymouth counties, Distinguished from the Pygmy sperm whale by being smaller and having a larger dorsal fin
7
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Sperm whale
Mother and baby sperm whale.jpg
Physeter macrocephalus
Cetacea Physeteroidea Rare, Formerly abundant offshore, Stranded in Barnstable, Dukes, Essex, Nantucket, and Plymouth counties. The largest toothed whale. Dives deep to hunt for food
7
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Harbour porpoise
Daan Close Up.PNG
Phocoena phocoena
Cetacea Phocoenidae Common, Found entirely in coastal waters
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Common minke whale
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Saint-Laurent 01a.jpg
Balaenoptera acutorostrata
Cetacea Rorqual Common, Found in the inshore waters, Stranded in Norfolk, Essex, Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket counties
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Sei whale
Sei whale mother and calf Christin Khan NOAA.jpg
Balaenoptera borealis
Cetacea Rorqual Found in Cape Cod Bay and Massachusetts Bay, Stranded in Cape Cod (1910 and 1974), Essex (2007), and Plymouth (1948) counties, Endangered and rare in Massachusetts
7
EN IUCN 3 1.svg
Blue whale
Anim1754 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg
Balaenoptera musculus
Cetacea Rorqual One questionable stranding in Essex County reported in 1755, Recent near-shore records, Endangered and rare in Massachusetts
7
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Fin whale
Fin whale from air.jpg
Balaenoptera physalus
Cetacea Rorqual Common but Endangered, Stranded in Barnstable, Essex, Dukes, and Plymouth counties
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Humpback whale
Humpback Whale underwater shot.jpg
Megaptera novaeangliae
Cetacea Rorqual Common but Endangered, Stranded in Barnstable, Dukes, Essex, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth, and Suffolk counties
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Even-toed ungulates[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red list
Moose
Lonesome-Lake-Moose.jpg
Alces alces
Artiodactyla Cervidae Common; found in North, central Western, and northeast Massachusetts, but can be found in Eastern. Total population is over 1000
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Elk
Cervus canadensis2006.jpg
Cervus canadensis
Artiodactyla Cervidae Extirpated; Formerly Western Mass; last record in Worcester County in 1732
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Fallow deer
Dama dama8.JPG
Dama dama
Artiodactyla Cervidae Introduced in Dukes County; last reported in 1980
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White-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus borealis CT.jpg
Odocoileus virginianus
Artiodactyla Cervidae Common; Statewide
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Lagomorpha[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red list
Snowshoe hare
Snowshoe Hare, Shirleys Bay.jpg
Lepus americanus
Lagomorpha Leporidae Common; Statewide except Dukes County; introduced to Nantucket
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Black-tailed jackrabbit
Jackrabbit2 crop.JPG
Lepus californicus
Lagomorpha Leporidae Introduced, Uncommon; found only in Nantucket
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European hare
Feldhase Schiermonnikoog.JPG
Lepus europaeus
Lagomorpha Leporidae Introduced; Found in Berkshire County
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European rabbit
Kaninchen.jpg
Oryctolagus cuniculus
Lagomorpha Leporidae Introduced; found in Lovells Island and Gallops Island
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Eastern cottontail
Sylvilagus floridanus Yardley PA.jpg
Sylvilagus floridanus
Lagomorpha Leporidae Introduced, Common, Statewide
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New England cottontail
Sylvilagus transitionalis (juvenile).jpg
Sylvilagus transitionalis
Lagomorpha Leporidae Rare, Formerly Common and found Statewide, now found only in Cape Cod, Nantucket, and Southwestern Mass
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Opossums[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red List
Virginia opossum
Young Possum.jpg
Didelphis virginiana
Didelphimorphia Didelphinae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket county
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Rodents[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red List
North American beaver
LEAVE IT TO BEAVER.jpg
Castor canadensis
Rodentia Castoridae Common; Northeastern, Central, and Western Mass
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Beach vole
Microtus breweri
Rodentia Cricetidae Muskeget Island
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Meadow vole
MeadowVoleNASideView.JPG
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Rodentia Cricetidae Common; Statewide
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Woodland vole
Woodland Vole Microtus Pinetorum.jpg
Microtus pinetorum
Rodentia Cricetidae Locally Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket counties
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Southern red-backed vole
Red-backed vole.jpg
Myodes gapperi
Rodentia Cricetidae Common; Statewide except Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket
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Allegheny woodrat
Neotoma magister
Rodentia Cricetidae Extirpated; May have occurred in Southwestern Berkshire County but if so is now undoubtedly extirpated
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Muskrat
01-sbis-10-03.jpg
Ondantra zibethicus
Rodentia Cricetidae Common; Statewide except Nantucket
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White-footed mouse
White-footed Mouse, Cantley, Quebec.jpg
Peromyscus leucopus
Rodentia Cricetidae Common; Statewide
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Deer mouse
Peromyscus maniculatus.jpg
Peromyscus maniculatus
Rodentia Cricetidae Common; Central and Western Mass
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Southern bog lemming
Synaptomys cooperi.jpg
Synaptomys cooperi
Rodentia Cricetidae Very Rare; listed as Special Concern. Known from the towns of Plymouth, Wareham, New Salem, Ware, and Belchertown
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Woodland jumping mouse
Woodland jumping mouse.jpg
Napaeozapus insignis
Rodentia Dipodidae Common; Central and Western Mass
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Meadow jumping mouse
Zapus hudsonius.jpg
Zapus hudsonius
Rodentia Dipodidae Common; Statewide
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House mouse
Mouse white background.jpg
Mus musculus
Rodentia Muridae Introduced; Statewide except Martha's Vineyard
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Brown rat
Rattus norvegicus 1.jpg
Rattus norvegicus
Rodentia Muridae Introduced; Statewide
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Black rat
Rattus rattus03.jpg
Rattus rattus
Rodentia Muridae Introduced; Eradicated
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North American porcupine
Porcupine-BioDome.jpg
Erethizon dorsatum
Rodentia New World porcupine Common; Northeastern, Central, and Western Mass
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Northern flying squirrel
Virginia northern flying squirrel on a tree glaucomys sabrinus fuscus.jpg
Glaucomys sabrinus
Rodentia Sciuridae Uncommon; Northeastern, Central, and Western Mass
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Southern flying squirrel
Southern Flying Squirrel-27527-1.jpg
Glaucomys volans
Rodentia Sciuridae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket counties
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Groundhog
Groundhog3.jpg
Marmota monax
Rodentia Sciuridae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket counties
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Eastern gray squirrel
Eastern Grey Squirrel in St James's Park, London - Nov 2006.jpg
Sciurus carolinensis
Rodentia Sciuridae Common; Statewide, introduced in Nantucket (1989)
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American red squirrel
AmericanRedSquirrel.jpg
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Rodentia Sciuridae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket counties
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Eastern chipmunk
Tamias striatus3.jpg
Tamias striatus
Rodentia Sciuridae Common; Statewide except Nantucket
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Soricomorpha[edit]

Talpidae[edit]

Name Species/Authority Order Family Range and status IUCN Red list
Northern short-tailed shrew
NShortTailedShrew23.jpg
Blarina brevicauda
Soricomorpha Soricidae Common; Statewide
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Cinereus shrew
MaskedShrew23.jpg
Sorex cinereus
Soricomorpha Soricidae Common; Statewide
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Long-tailed shrew
Sorex dispar
Soricomorpha Soricidae Rare; Special concern; Found only in Berkshire County
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Smoky shrew
SmokyShrew23.jpg
Sorex fumeus
Soricomorpha Soricidae Uncommon; Central and Western Mass
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American pygmy shrew
Sorex hoyi
Soricomorpha Soricidae One record; Berkshire County (1991)
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American water shrew
AmWaterShrew23.jpg
Sorex palustris
Soricomorpha Soricidae Uncommon; Special concern, Found in Central and Western Mass
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Star-nosed mole
Condylura.jpg
Condylura cristata
Soricomorpha Talpidae Common; Statewide except Dukes and Nantucket counties
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Hairy-tailed mole
Parascalops breweri
Soricomorpha Talpidae Uncommon; Northeastern, Central, and Western Mass
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Eastern mole
ScalopusAquaticus.jpg
Scalopus aquaticus
Soricomorpha Talpidae Common; Found in southern Plymouth county, southern Connecticut river valley, Cape Cod, and Dukes and Nantucket counties
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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller, B.; Reid, F.; Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Cuarón, A. D. & de Grammont, P. C. (2008). "Eptesicus fuscus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  2. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Miller, B.; Reid, F.; Cuarón, A. D. & de Grammont, P. C. (2008). "Lasionycteris noctivagans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Miller, B.; Reid, F.; Cuarón, A. D. & de Grammont, P. C. (2008). "Lasiurus borealis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Gonzalez, E.; Barquez, R. & Arroyo-Cabrales, J. (2008). "Lasiurus cinereus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J. & Ticul Alvarez Castaneda, S. (2008). "Myotis leibii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 17 January 2009. 
  6. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J. & Ticul Alvarez Castaneda, S. (2008). "Myotis lucifugus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  7. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J. & Ticul Alvarez Castaneda, S. (2008). "Myotis septentrionalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  8. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J. & Ticul Alvarez Castaneda, S. (2008). "Myotis sodalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  9. ^ Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Miller, B.; Reid, F.; Cuarón, A. D. & de Grammont, P. C. (2008). "Pipistrellus subflavus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 

External links[edit]