List of mammals of New Zealand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of the native living mammals of New Zealand.[1] It does not include introduced species, nor extinct Saint Bathans Fauna.

Conservation status[edit]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Order: Chiroptera (bats)[edit]

The most distinguishing feature of bats is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

Order: Cetacea (whales, dolphins and porpoises)[edit]

Sperm whales made Kaikoura as a world-famous whale-watching region
Dusky dolphins off Kaikoura

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater. New Zealand is the first country in the world to protect marine mammals by law.

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)[edit]

Typical carnivorans feed primarily on meat. They have a characteristic skull shape and teeth.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.
  2. ^ Stuff.co.nz. 2017. Rare striped dolphin stranding on Otago beach. Retrieved on September 26, 2017

References[edit]