List of mammals of Ireland
This is a list of the 60 mammal species recorded in Ireland. A new Red List of Irish terrestrial mammals was published in 2009 and all 26 terrestrial species native to Ireland, or naturalised in Ireland before 1500, were assessed. Of these, one was found to be regionally extinct (grey wolf Canis lupus), one achieved a threat status of Vulnerable (black rat Rattus rattus), three were found to be Near Threatened (Leisler's bat Nyctalus leisleri), otter (Lutra lutra) and red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris)), one was data deficient (Brandt's bat Myotis brandtii) and the remaining 20 were of least concern.
The following tag are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:
|EX||Extinct||No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.|
|EW||Extinct in the wild||Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.|
|RE||Regionally Extinct||The species is extinct in the wild in the region.|
|CR||Critically Endangered||The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild. At this point, action is taken to preserve the habitat.|
|EN||Endangered||The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|VU||Vulnerable||The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.|
|NT||Near Threatened||The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.|
|LC||Least Concern||There are no current identifiable risks to the species.|
|DD||Data Deficient||There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.|
- 1 Subclass: Theria
- 1.1 Infraclass: Eutheria
- 1.1.1 Order: Rodentia (rodents)
- 1.1.2 Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)
- 1.1.3 Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)
- 1.1.4 Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)
- 1.1.5 Order: Chiroptera (bats)
- 1.1.6 Order: Cetacea (whales)
- 1.1.7 Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)
- 1.1.8 Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)
- 1.1 Infraclass: Eutheria
- 2 See also
- 3 Notes
- 4 References
- 5 Comparison with Great Britain
- 6 External links
Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).
- Suborder: Sciurognathi
- Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
- Family: Cricetidae
- Family: Muridae (mice, rats, etc.)
- Family: Gliridae
Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)
The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.
- Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)
The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.
- Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)
The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.
- Family: Soricidae (shrews)
Order: Chiroptera (bats)
The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.
- Family: Vespertilionidae
- Subfamily: Myotinae
- Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
- Family: Rhinolophidae
The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins, and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.
- Suborder: Mysticeti
- Family: Balaenidae (right whales)
- Family: Eschrichtiidae (gray whales)
- Family: Balaenopteridae (rorqual)
- Family: Megapterinae
- Suborder: Odontoceti
- Superfamily: Platanistoidea
- Family: Monodontidae (narwhals)
- Family: Phocoenidae (porpoises)
- Family: Physeteridae (sperm whales)
- Family: Kogiidae
- Family: Ziphidae (beaked whales)
- Subfamily: Hyperoodontinae
- Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
- Genus: Delphis
- Short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis♠ LR/LC
- Genus: Tursiops
- Bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus♠ DD
- Genus: Stenella
- Striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba LR/cd
- Genus: Lagenorhynchus
- Genus: Grampus
- Risso's dolphin Grampus griseus♠ DD
- Genus: Globicephala
- Pilot whale Globicephala melas♠ LR/LC
- Genus: Pseudorca
- False killer whale Pseudorca crassidens♠ DD
- Genus: Orcinus
- Orca Orcinus orca♠ DD
- Genus: Delphis
- Superfamily: Platanistoidea
Carnivorans include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.
- Suborder: Caniformia
- Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
- Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
- Family: Odobenidae
- Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
- Genus: Halichoerus
- Grey seal Halichoerus grypus LR/LC
- Genus: Phoca
- Common seal Phoca vitulina LR/LC
- Genus: Erignathus
- Bearded seal Erignathus barbatus LC/RC September 2002 Leenane, County Mayo is the first, and only, record of this Arctic seal for Ireland.
- Genus: Pusa
- Ringed seal Pusa hispida LC/RC Migrant. Very occasional.
- Genus: Pagophilus
- Harp seal Pagophilus groenlandicus LC/RC Migrant. Very occasional.
- Genus: Cystophora
- Hooded seal Cystophora cristatus VU Migrant. Very occasional.
- Genus: Halichoerus
Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)
The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.
- Family: Suidae (pigs)
- Family: Cervidae (deer)
- Subfamily: Cervinae
- Subfamily: Capreolinae
- Family: Bovidae
- List of chordate orders
- List of regional mammals lists
- List of prehistoric mammals
- Mammal classification
- New mammal species
- Fauna of Ireland
- This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have been classified as extinct since 1500. The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.
- Emma Sheehy, Colin Lawton, 2015 Distribution of the non-native Hazel Dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius) in Ireland.Irish Naturalists' Journal Volume 34, Part 1: 13-16.
- Eccleston, Paul (28 April 2008). "Barn owl helps to find new Irish shrew". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- "Rare arctic bowhead whale seen off Cornwall - BBC News". Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- orcaweb - www.orcaweb.org.uk
- The Irish Times, 1 May 2007.
- "Kerry red deer ancestry traced to population introduced to Ireland by ancient peoples over 5,000 years ago". Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Natural Heritage Research Partnership Muntjac Knowledge Transfer
- "Marnell, F., Kingston, N. & Looney, D. (2009) Ireland Red List No. 3: Terrestrial Mammals, National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin, Ireland." (PDF). National Parks and Wildlife Service, Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government,Dublin, Ireland. 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- "Mammal Species of the World". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 2005. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- "Animal Diversity Web". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 1995–2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- Smiddy, P. 1999 Re-assessment of the Irish records of ringed, harp and hooded seals. Irish Naturalists' Journal 26: 249-250
Comparison with Great Britain
The following species are found in Great Britain but not in Ireland:
- Field vole Microtus agrestis
- Common vole M. arvalis
- Water vole Arvicola terrestris
- Harvest mouse Micromys minutus
- Yellow-necked mouse A. flavicollis
- Edible dormouse Glis glis
- European mole Talpa europaea
- Common shrew Sorex araneus
- Eurasian water shrew Neomys fodiens
- Lesser white-toothed shrew Crocidura suaveolens
- Greater horseshoe bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
- Greater mouse-eared bat Myotis myotis
- Bechstein's bat M. bechsteini
- Parti-coloured bat Vespertilio murinus
- Serotine Eptesicus serotinus
- Northern bat E. nilssoni
- Common noctule Nyctalus noctula
- Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus
- Barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus
- Grey long-eared bat Plecotus austriacus
- Least weasel Mustela nivalis
- European polecat M. putorius
- European wildcat Felis sylvestris silvestris
- Red-necked wallaby Macropus rufogriseus
- Water deer Hydropotes inermis – Introduced c.1896.
- Eurasian beaver Castor fiber – Reintroduced 2009