List of mammals of Singapore

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Plantain squirrel (Callosciurus notatus)
Long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis)

Mammals in Singapore currently number about 65 species.[1] Since the founding of modern Singapore in 1819, over 90 species have been recorded, including large species such as tigers, leopards and sambar deer. Most of these have since become extinct largely due to rapid urban development, with occasional large mammals such as Asian elephants swimming across the Straits of Johor from Johor, Malaysia.

Many surviving species have critically low population numbers, the most seriously endangered being the cream-coloured giant squirrel, last sighted in 1995[2] and now possibly extinct. The banded leaf monkey is also down to around 50 individuals. However, some species may be rediscovered in more remote parts of the country, such as the Malaysian porcupine which was found on Pulau Tekong in 2005,[3] and the greater mousedeer on Pulau Ubin in 2009.[4]

The most commonly seen native mammals are the long-tailed macaque and the plantain squirrel. The largest terrestrial mammal that can still be found is the wild pig, which is common on the offshore islands of Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong, but also found on the mainland. The largest mammals in Singapore, however, are marine creatures such as dugongs and dolphins. The colugo is also doing well, but these are rarely seen due to their elusiveness and camouflage.

List of mammals[edit]

Order Eulipotyphla (insectivores)[edit]

Family Soricidae (shrews)

Order Pholidota (pangolins)[edit]

Family Manidae (pangolins)

  • Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) - Bukit Batok/Bukit Timah/Central Catchment/Pulau Ubin/Pulau Tekong/Western Catchment/Jalan Bahar/Labrador

Order Carnivora (carnivores)[edit]

Family Herpestidae (mongooses)

Family Viverridae (civets)

Family Mustelidae (weasels, otters and relatives)

  • Small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus) - Western Catchment/Sungei Buloh/Pulau Tekong/Pulau Ubin/Kranji
  • Smooth otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) - Western Catchment/Sungei Buloh/Pulau Ubin/Lorong Halus/Punggol/Pasir Ris/Kallang/Marina Bay/Bishan/Pandan/Sentosa[5]
  • Hairy-nosed otter (Lutra sumatrana) (doubtful)

Family Felidae (cats)

Family Canidae (dogs)

Order Sirenia (sea cows)[edit]

Family Dugongidae (dugong)

Order Proboscidea (elephants)[edit]

Family Elephantidae (elephants)

Order Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)[edit]

Family Tapiridae (tapirs)

Order Cetacea (cetaceans)[edit]

Family Delphinidae (marine dolphins)

Family Phocoenidae (porpoises)

Family Physeteridae (sperm whale)

Family Balaenopteridae (rorquals)

Order Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)[edit]

Family Suidae (pigs)

  • Wild pig (Sus scrofa) - Western Catchment/Jalan Bahar/Pulau Ubin/Pulau Tekong/Punggol/Coney Island/Central Catchment[6]

Family Cervidae (deer)

Family Tragulidae (mousedeer)

Family Bovidae (bovids)

  • Domestic cattle (Bos taurus) - Coney Island/Pulau Ubin (lone free-ranging individuals)

Order Rodentia (rodents)[edit]

Family Muridae (mice and rats)

Family Sciuridae (squirrels)

Family Hystricidae

  • Malayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) - Pulau Ubin/Pulau Tekong/Bukit Timah/Central Catchment/Western Catchment[10]

Order Chiroptera (bats)[edit]

Family Pteropodidae (Old World fruit bats)

Family Emballonuridae (sheath-tailed bats)

Family Nycteridae (hollow-faced bats)

Family Megadermatidae (false vampires)

Family Rhinolophidae (horseshoe bats)

Family Hipposideridae (Old World leaf-nosed bats)

Family Vespertilionidae (evening bats)

Family Molossidae (free-tailed bats)

Order Scandentia (treeshrews)[edit]

Family Tupaiidae (treeshrews)

  • Common treeshrew (Tupaia glis) - Bukit Timah/Central Catchment/Botanic Gardens/Bukit Batok/Jurong Hill/Sungei Buloh/Western Catchment

Order Dermoptera (colugo)[edit]

Family Cynocephalidae (colugo)

Order Primates (primates)[edit]

Family Lorisidae (lorises)

Family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)

Family Hominidae (great apes)

Note: (extinct) means locally extinct in Singapore.

See also[edit]

References[edit]