List of mammals of Slovakia

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This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Slovakia. There are 77 mammal species in Slovakia, of which 0 are critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 7 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened.[1]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories:

LR/cd Lower risk/conservation dependent Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/nt Lower risk/near threatened Species which are close to being classified as vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lc Lower risk/least concern Species for which there are no identifiable risks.

Subclass: Theria[edit]

Infraclass: Eutheria[edit]

Order: Rodentia (rodents)[edit]

Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)[edit]

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

    • Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
      • Genus: Oryctolagus
      • Genus: Lepus
        • European hare Lepus europaeus LR/lc - approximately 203,000 individuals in 2008 according to the Hunting statistics, other sources claim 177,747 individuals at the end of 2011, 13,219 individuals were killed during 2011.

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and solenodons)[edit]

The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

Order: Chiroptera (bats)[edit]

The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

Order: Carnivora (carnivorans)[edit]

European jackal (Canis aureus moreotica), a subspecies of golden jackal

There are over 260 species of carnivorans, the majority of which feed primarily on meat. They have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)[edit]

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

    • Family: Suidae (pigs)
      • Subfamily: Suinae
        • Genus: Sus
          • Boar Sus scrofa LR/lc - As of the end of 2011, there were 37,092 individuals, during 2011 36,390 individuals were killed.
    • Family: Cervidae (deer)
      • Subfamily: Cervinae
        • Genus: Cervus
          • Red deer Cervus elaphus LR/lc - As of the end of 2011, there were 58,106 individuals, during 2011 22,157 individuals were killed, 83 captured and 1,534 died naturally.
        • Genus: Dama
          • Fallow deer Dama dama - As of the end of 2011, there were 12,831 individuals, during 2011 4,984 individuals were killed, 154 captured and 255 died naturally.
      • Subfamily: Capreolinae
        • Genus: Alces
          • Moose Alces alces LR/lc
        • Genus: Capreolus
          • Roe deer Capreolus capreolus LR/lc - As of the end of 2011, there were 110,943 individuals, during 2011 23,658 individuals were killed.
    • Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
      • Subfamily: Caprinae
        • Genus: Rupicapra
          • Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra LR/lc - As of the end of 2011, there were 931 individuals, during 2011 9 individuals were killed.
        • Genus: Ovis
          • Mouflon Ovis musimon - As of the end of 2011, there were 13,883 individuals, during 2011 4,353 individuals were killed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institution, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.
  2. ^ Piško, Michal (6 June 2007). "Medvede čaká lov (Hunting awaits the bears)". SME. Retrieved 7 May 2012.