List of mango cultivars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Worldwide, hundreds of mango cultivars exist. In mango orchards, multiple cultivars are often grown together to improve cross-pollination.

Mangos of the Kensington Pride cultivar

Table of mangoes[edit]

Reportedly, in India alone, there are around 283 types of mangoes, out of which only 30 are well-known.[1][2] The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) facility on Old Cutler Road in Coral Gables, Florida, has about 400 varieties of mangoes and is one of the largest depositories of mango plant cultures in the world. The USDA collection was originally believed to have over 500 varieties of mango germplasm, but genetic testing showed several duplicates. In the United States, South Florida is one of the meccas for mangoes due to year-round temperate climate and culture fascinated by mangoes and several nurseries dedicated to bringing new varieties of mangoes into the US by either import or selective breeding. Reviews of older varieties of mangoes were based upon the competition available at the time. Most of the varieties of mangoes available in grocery stores in the United States can trace their lineage to the Haden mango tree, a tree planted by Jack Haden in 1902 in Coral Gables, Florida (Haden itself can be traced back to Malgova which is misspelled Malgoba in US and has its origin in Tamil Nadu, India). The Zills family has created a number of new varieties of mango, most recently, Gary Zill with Zill's High Performance a selective breeding program of new varieties. The following are among the more widely grown mango cultivars, listed by the country in which they were selected or are most extensively cultivated:

Common
name(s)
Image Origin/
region
Notes
Alampur Baneshan Mango AlampurBaneshan Asit fs.jpg India, United States
Alice Mango Alice Asit fs.jpg United States
Almaas Pakistan
Alphonso Alphonso mango.jpg India, Pakistan, Ecuador, Egypt, Sudan, United States, Nepal "King of mangoes", very sweet with fibreless pulp, rich in vitamin A and C, founded mainly in Devgad & Ratnagiri Districts of Maharashtra, India. This cultivar is available in February till end of May. The dates of availability of mangoes vary by geography, climate, and weather. The "King of Mangoes" is a marketing term.
Amrapali Amrapali Mango (1).jpg India
Anderson Mango Anderson Asit fs8.jpg United States Anderson is a seedling of Sandersha that was planted at the residence of Mrs. L.F. Anderson in Miami, Florida. Anderson is a large mango, growing in length from 26–34 cm. [Mangoes: A Guide To Mangoes In Florida, p. 30] The eating quality was listed as "fair."
Angie Angie mango.jpg Florida, United States Angie mango is a dwarfing mango tree from Florida with excellent eating quality. Angie has a resinous taste, similar to the Carrie mango. Angie is considered to be a disease-resistant mango, but in high humidity environments, Angie's new leaf growth is susceptible to mango scab.
Anwar Ratol Anwar Ratole.JPG Multan, Punjab (Pakistan) Small in size and flesh without fibre . Peak season is mid-July to August.
Ataulfo Ataulfo mango.jpg Ecuador, Mexico
Badami Mango badami.jpg Karnataka, India Badami mangoes are also called as Alphonso of Karnataka state.
Bailey's Marvel Mango BaileysMarvel Asit fs8.jpg United States
Banganapalli Banganapalli 12x9.jpg India The largest volume mango cultivar in the world, this medium-large fruit ripens to a golden-yellow exterior and a straw-yellow to golden-yellow interior. Very juicy, slightly tangy with little or no fibre and a creamy texture. It originates from the erstwhile princely state of Banganapalle, in present-day Andhra Pradesh, India.
Bangalora[3] India It is also known as Kilimooku mangoes
Bennet Alphonso Mango BennetAlphonso Asit fs.jpg United States
Beverly Beverly mango.JPG United States Beverly is an almost fiber-less late season mango. In South Florida, fruiting as late as August or October.
Black and Rose Mango Black and Rose fruits leaves.JPG India Kerala Black and Rose
Bombay Mango Bombay Asit ftg.jpg India, Nepal, United States Bombay is a vigorous mango tree that bears fruit in June–July in South Florida. It is susceptible to anthracnose. Bombay is the parent of the White Perie mango of Hawaii.
Brahm Kai Meu Mango BrahmKaiMeu Asit fs.jpg United States
Brooks Mango Brooks Asit fs8.jpg Australia, United States
Carabao (Philippine Mango) Mango Carabao Asit ftg.jpg Philippines The Ataulfo (mango) and Manilita mango cultivars originated from the Philippine Mango variety. It can be traced back in the Manila-Mexico galleon trade in the years 1600-1800's.[4]
Carrie Mango Carrie Asit fs8.jpg United States Carrie is a seedling of a Sophie Fry from the residence of Mr. Lawrence H. Zill of Boynton Beach, Florida. It was named in honor of Mr. Zill's mother, Carrie. The Carrie mango turns slight yellow when ripe, but what it lacks in color, it makes up in taste. The Carrie mango has a strong resinous flavor that is desired by some, and despised by others. A Carrie mango must be allowed to ripen on the tree and develops a strong "musky" flavor when over-ripe.
Chaunsa Chaunsa.JPG India, Sindh, Pakistan
Chinnarasamu Nuzvid in Andhra Pradesh of India
Cherukurasamu Nuzvid in Andhra Pradesh of India
Coconut Cream United States Coconut Cream is part of the selective breeding program by Zills High Performance and is patented. The fruit tastes like coconut cream pie. The tree is ugly in appearance because the branches grow in arcs and curve around, making a complex tree canopy.
Chok Anan Unripe chok anan mangoes2.jpg Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Thailand Choc Anan is known as the ever-bearing mango tree because of its potential to have a mango crop during the summer and winter. Some speculate that removing the summer crop may increase the chances of a winter crop by allowing the tree to save the energy that would have been used for fruit production in the summer.
Cogshall Mango02 CS HD CS Asit.jpg United States Cogshall is from Pine Island, Florida. It is an excellent eating quality, but is not commercially available because of a very short shelf-life and thin skin that would bruise easily.
Cushman Mango Cushman Asit fs8.jpg United States
Dasheri Dosehri.JPG India, Nepal, Pakistan, stories about its origin but the owners say it is a "chance" seedling.
Dot Mango Dot Asit fs8.jpg United States Dot is an exceptional tasting mango. Dot is a seedling of the Carrie Mango planted at Lawrence Zill's Boynton Beach, Florida home. The dot mango is highly susceptible to anthracnose, so it should not be planted in high humidity locations.
Dudhiya Malda India, Nepal Grown in Digha, Patna, Bihar. Known for awesome taste and flavour with thin skin[5][6][7][8]
Duncan Mango Duncan Asit fs8.jpg United States Duncan mango was patented by David Sturrock of West Palm Beach, Florida. The patent has long since expired. Duncan fruits in clusters and has excellent disease resistance. It is a mid-late season mango.
Earlygold Earlygold mango.JPG United States
Edward Mango Edward Asit fs8.jpg United States Edward is an excellent eating quality mango, but is considered to be a shy bearer (little fruit).
Eldon Mango Eldon Asit fs8.jpg United States
Emerald United States
Fazli (mango) Fazli Mango.jpg Bangladesh, India
Fajri Kalan Pakistan
Fairchild Fairchild Mango.jpg United States
Fascell Mango Fascell2 Asit fs.jpg United States
Florigon Mango Florigon Asit fs8.jpg United States Florigon is a seedling of a Saigon planted on the property of Mr. John C. Kaiser, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. The Florigon tree is vigorous. Florigon is considered to be one of the most disease resistant varieties of mangoes in high humid climates, although the flavor is not on par with many of the newer varieties.
Ford Mango Ford Asit fs8.jpg United States
Gary Gary mango.JPG United States The Gary mango is considered delicious by many with a hint of coconut flavor. Gary is considered very susceptible to anthracnose.
Gir Kesar Gujarat (India)
Glenn Mango Glenn Asit fs8.jpg Italy, United States Glenn is a sweet, mild mango. The tree is vigorous, to a medium size. The canopy is rounded. The ripe fruit has a very pleasant sweet smell.
Gold Nugget Mango ATAULFO GOLD NUGGET Asit.jpg United States
Golden Lippens United States
Graham Mango Graham Asit fs8.jpg United States Graham is from Trinidad. Compared with many modern mangoes, Graham seems bland.
Green Willard Sri Lanka
Haden Haden mango.jpg Australia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, United States Haden is the "parent" of many, many other varieties of mangoes in the United States. Haden was a Mulgoba seedling. The original Haden tree still stands in Coral Gables, Florida.
Hatcher United States
Heidi South Africa
Himayat / Imam Pasand Mango ImamPasand Asit ftg.jpg India
Himsagar Mango Himsagar Asit ftg.jpg Bangladesh, India, Nepal
Ice Cream United States
Irwin Mango Irwin Asit fs8.jpg Australia, Costa Rica, United States, Taiwan, Japan (Okinawa) In Japan this variety is marketed as Apple Mango, and in the case of imports from Japan one needs to take care not to confuse it with the Apple Mango grown in the Philippines.
Ivory
Mango IVORY Asit fs.JPG China Also known as the Jingu Ivory mango, or Ivory mango, this long, thin mango is named for its resemblance to a young elephant's tusk. It has thin skin, smooth skin. The flesh contains very few fibres, and constitutes approximately 82 percent of the fruit. It was first introduced into Yunnan, China from Thailand in 1914. The actual tree that was the first to be imported still grows, and during one year produced almost 500 kg of fruit.[9]
Jacquelin United States
Jakarta Mango Jakarta Asit ftg.jpg United States
Jean Ellen Jean Ellen mango.JPG United States
Julie Mangue-julie.jpg Ecuador, United States A colourful, potato shaped mango with a sweet-tart flavour and a dwarf growth habit. Very popular in the Caribbean Sea, including Jamaica the British Virgin Islands, the United States Virgin Islands, and Barbados. Julie is a high fiber mango.
Kalepad Andhra Pradesh, India
Katchamitha 09927jfCuisine of Bulacan food fruitsfvf 07.jpg India, Philippines Katchamitha originated from India, but has become one of the most common cultivars in the Philippines where it is commonly called the "Indian mango". It is commonly eaten while still green and crispy and has a mildly sweet taste. The flesh is fibrous when ripe compared to the native carabao mango.[10][11]
Keitt Mango ATAULFO KEITT Asit.jpg Australia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Italy, South Africa, United States Keitt (pronounced "kit") is one of the latest season mangoes in South Florida (United States), with fruit into October. Backyard Keitt's in South Florida regularly get to 2 pounds, and occasionally as large as 5 pounds.
Kensington Pride Mango Kensington Asit ftg.jpg Australia, Italy, United States
Kent Mango Kent Asit fs8.jpg Australia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Mexico, South Africa, United States The original Kent tree still stands in Coral Gables, Florida (United States)
Kohu Amba Sri Lanka
Kothapalli Kobbari Pithapuram, Andhra Pradesh of India Also known as Kobbari Mamidi.
Lakshmanbhog India
Lancetilla Mango Lancetilla Asit fs8.jpg Honduras, United States Lancetilla can bear 5 pound fruit, but the eating quality is considered sub-part among mango connoisseurs. The fruit is prone to splitting on the tree.
Langra Vikramshila Agrovet 2 Langra Mango farm, Mathurapur, Bhagalpur Bihar.JPG India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Lemon Meringue Myanmar
Lippens Mango Lippens Asit fs8.jpg United States
Madame Francis Mango VALENCIA PRIDE MADAME FRANCIS ATAULFO Asit.jpg Haiti Large kidney shaped mango that ripens to a golden yellow colour with piquant flesh Commonly exported to the United States in spring; often a feature of NYC fruit stands. Madame Francis is a high fiber mango.
Mahachanok Asia, United States Mahachanok is an oblong commercial mango from Asia, with yellow to orange color exterior when ripe. Described as a fiberless, sweet, and pleasant mango. The leaves of the tree are dark green and slimmer than many other mango trees.
Mallika Mango Mallika Asit fs.jpg India, Nepal, United States
Malwana (mango) Sri Lanka
Manilita United States
Manohar Punjab, India Large mango grows in clusters, seedling of Chaunsa. Exceptional complex flavor good sweetness. Very vigorous.
Momi K[12] Hawaii, United States Teardrop shaped with a narrow point. Ripens to a reddish orange blush. Flesh has creamy consistency.
Muhammad Wala Pakistan
Mulgoba Mango Mulgoba Asit fs8.jpg India, United States Small mango with a comparatively big seed. Parent of the Haden mango.
Nam Doc Mai D85 3037 Mango Nam Doc Mai Photographed by Trisorn Triboon.jpgD85 3045 Nam Doc Mai Edited by One World Thailand.jpg Thailand, Fruit is elongated, with a prominent beak, and is normally yellow with green spots.
Neelam Neelam mango.jpeg India, Pakistan Fruit weigh 9 to 12 oz, with the general shape of a fat cashew nut. They are smooth-skinned and bright yellow upon ripening and have no blush. The flesh is deep yellow or orange. There is no fiber and a rich, aromatic flavor that is over-powering to the unaccustomed palate. They have a late ripening season and can be stored for an extended time. Fruit should be harvested when mature green and ripened at room temperature off the tree.
Osteen Mango Osteen Asit ftg.jpg Italy, Spain, United States
Paige
Palmer Mango Palmer Asit fs8.jpg Australia, Brazil, United States
Panakalu Andhra Pradesh of India
Panchadharakalasa Andhra Pradesh of India
Parvin Parvin mango.JPG United States
Pina Colada United States Pina Colada is part of the selective breeding program by Zills High Performance. Pina Colada is a small fruit that packs a lot of flavor. The tree is unproductive and susceptible to anthracnose.
Peddarasamu Nuzvid in Andhra Pradesh of India
Philippine See Carabao (mango).
Pickering
Pim Seng Mun
Pineapple Pleasure
Po Pyu Kalay Myanmar
Pram Kai Mea See Brahm Kai Meu.
Raspuri Raspuri Mangoes.jpg Karnataka, India An extremely popular variety in South India, a fully ripe Raspuri mango harvested at the right time and ripened naturally can beat them all, including the Alphonso, in taste as well as amount of juice per mango. Many people, especially Kannadigas, do not even ask for any another variety except Raspuri in Bengaluru.
Red Willard Sri Lanka
Rosa
Rosigold Rosigold mango.JPG United States Rosigold is considered one of the earliest season mangos in South Florida. The quality is considered average,[according to whom?] but at a time of year when there are no fresh mangoes, it is in its own class. Rosigold is susceptible to anthracnose.
Ruby Mango Ruby Asit fs8.jpg United States
Ryan
Saigon Mango Saigon Asit ftg.jpg United States
San Felipe Cuba Fruit is large at 20 ounces with a striking oxblood color; the flesh is yellow.
Saharni Pakistan
Sammar Bahisht Pakistan, India (in Urdu Sammar means fruit and Bahisht means Paradise)
Sensation Mango Sensation Asit fs.jpg South Africa, United States
Shan-e-Khuda Shan-e-khuda.jpeg Pakistan
Sindhri Sindhri Mango.JPG Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan Sindhi mango cultivated in Sindhri town Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan
Sophie Fry Mango SophieFry Asit fs8.jpg United States
Southern Blush United States
Spirit of '76 United States Spirit of 76 is a seedling from Lawrence Zill's residence. The mango is fiberless and has a very pleasant sweet flavor.
Springfels Mango Springfels Asit fs8.jpg United States One of the older cultivars from Florida, but still good tasting. It is a large mango, but Due to its size, it has uneven ripening. The uneven ripening is known as "jelly seed," where the flesh around the seed is overripe and soft.
Sunrise
Sunset Sunset mango fruit.jpg United States
Swarnarekha Andhra Pradesh of India
Sweet Tart
Tess Pollack
Tommy Atkins Mango TommyAtkins05 Asit.jpg Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Mexico, South Africa, United States, Venezuela One of the most commonly sold mangoes in the world. has extremely long shelf life. Hard and oblong exterior. It is a pretty mango, but not as good tasting as many other top tier modern mangoes.[according to whom?]
Torbert United States
Totapuri Mango Sandersha Asit fs8.jpg India
Turpentine Mango Turpentine Asit fs8.jpg United States Turpentine is a small, high fiber mango that is poly embryonic mango. Turpentine is used as a rootstock in Florida for grafting other mango varieties.
Ugly Betty
Valencia Pride Mango VALENCIA PRIDE ATAULFO VALENCIA PRIDE Asit.jpg South Africa, United States Large, oblong mango. Sweet, mild flavor, but the fruit is prone to splitting on the tree. The tree is a vigorous grower.
Van Dyke Mango VanDyke Asit fs8.jpg Italy, United States
Vellai Kolomban Sri Lanka
Young United States Young mango was renamed the "Tebow" (after the American football player) for marketing purposes.
Zill Mango Zill Asit fs8.jpg South Africa, United States Zill is a seedling of Haden planted in 1922 by Carl King of Lake Worth, Florida (US). Vigorous tree, fruit is good eating quality.

List of cultivars by nation[edit]

Asia[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Africa[edit]

Apple mango

Americas[edit]

Europe[edit]

Middle East[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Treat yourself to mangoes on Jayamahal Road".
  2. ^ "Top 10 Different Types Of Mangoes Grown In India".
  3. ^ "Buy Organic fresh Bangalora/KiliMooku/Totapuri Mangoes online direct from farms - Salem Mango". www.salemmango.com. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  4. ^ "Manila Super Mango (Philippine Mango), the world's sweetest mango". Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  5. ^ "Digha Ghat's Dudhiya Malda considered 'King of Mangoes' in Bihar". dna. 2015-05-26. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  6. ^ "All that you wanted to know about mangoes". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  7. ^ "Dudhiya Malda – FoodsOnStreet". foodsonstreet.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  8. ^ "Agriculture Market News Information from APEDA AgriExchange". agriexchange.apeda.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  9. ^ "Jinggu "Ivory" Mango-Yunnan Tourism Website". En.ynta.gov.cn. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  10. ^ Mango Varieties (PDF). Agricultural Training Institute, Department of Agriculture, Republic of the Philippines. 2005.
  11. ^ "Katchamitha Mango". Research Development Extension. University of the Philippines Los Baños. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  12. ^ http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/crops/i_mango.htm
  13. ^ a b c d "Mango varieties". The Hindu. p. 15. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
  14. ^ "Australian Mangoes - Australian Varieties". Mangoes.net.au. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  15. ^ "Mukuyu farm, 20ha of commercial land in Ukambani| Kibwezi river". Better Globe Forestry. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  16. ^ http://www.freshplaza.it/images/2010/1220/coltivazione_del_mango_in_Sicilia.pdf

External links[edit]