List of mango diseases

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This article is a list of diseases of mangos (Mangifera indica).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Bacterial black spot = bacterial canker Xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae
Bacterial fruit rot Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum = Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora

Erwinia herbicola

Crown gall hi Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Fungal diseases[edit]

Fungal diseases
Alternaria leaf spots

Alternaria alternata
Alternaria tenuissima

Anthracnose

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
Glomerella cingulata [teleomorph]
Colletotrichum acutatum

Black banded disease

Rhinocladium corticum

Black mildew

Meliola mangiferae

Black mold rot

Aspergillus niger

Black rot

Ceratocystis paradoxa
Chalara paradoxa [anamorph]

Blossom blight

Botrytis cinerea

Blue mold

Penicillium expansum

Branch canker

Botryosphaeria ribis
Fusicoccum sp. [anamorph]
Hypoxylon serpens var. effusum

Branch necrosis

Dothiorella sp.

Ceratocystis wilt

Ceratocystis fimbriata
Chalara sp. [anamorph]

Charcoal fruit rot

Macrophomina phaseolina

Charcoal root rot

Macrophomina phaseolina

Crown rot

Fusarium solani
Nectria haematococca [teleomorph]

Crusty leaf spot

Zimmermanniella trispora

Curvularia blight

Curvularia tuberculata

Dieback

Botryosphaeria disrupta
= Physalospora disrupta
Botryosphaeria quercuum
= Physalospora glandicola
Botryosphaeria rhodina
= Physalospora rhodina
Lasiodiplodia theobromae
= Botryosphaeria theobromae

Felt fungus

Septobasidium bogoriense
Septobasidium pilosum
Johncouchia mangiferae [anamorph]
Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum

Fruit rot

Alternaria alternata
Phytophthora nicotianae
Pestalotiopsis mangiferae
Phyllosticta anacardiacearum
Guignardia mangiferae [teleomorph]

Gall

Fusarium decemcellare
Calonectria rigidiuscula [teleomorph]

Gray leaf spot

Pestalotiopsis mangiferae
= Pestalotia mangiferae

Hendersonia rot

Hendersonia creberrima

Leaf blight

Bipolaris hawaiiensis

Leaf spot

Curvularia lunata
Leptosphaeria sp.
Macrophoma sp.
Phaeosphaerella mangiferae
Phoma sorghina
Pseudocercospora mali
Pseudocercospora subsessilis
Septoria sp.
Verticillium lecanii

Macrophoma rot

Macrophoma mangiferae

Mango malformation

Fusarium subglutinans
(Note: some debate remains as to complete etiology of this disease.)

Mucor rot

Mucor circinelloides

Mushroom root rot

Armillaria tabescens

Phoma blight

Phoma glomerata

Phyllosticta leaf spot

Phyllosticta mortonii
Phyllosticta citricarpa
Guignardia citricarpa [teleomorph]
Phyllosticta anacardiacearum
Guignardia mangiferae [teleomorph]

Pink disease

Erythricium salmonicolor
= Corticium salmonicolor
Necator decretus [anamorph]

Powdery mildew

Erysiphe cichoracearum
Oidium asteris-punicei [anamorph]
Oidium mangiferae

Rhizopus rot

Rhizopus arrhizus
= Rhizopus oryzae

Root rot

Cylindrocladiella peruviana
= Cylindrocladium peruvianum
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora
Phytophthora nicotianae
= Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica
Phytophthora palmivora
Pythium spp.
Pythium splendens
Rhizoctonia solani
Thanatephorus cucumeris [teleomorph]
Sclerotium rolfsii var. delphinii
Sclerotium rolfsii

Scab

Elsinoe mangiferae
Sphaceloma mangiferae [anamorph]

Sclerotinia rot

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Seed rots

Bipolaris ravenelii
Marasmius sp.
Pythium spp.
Rhizoctonia solani

Shoestring rot

Armillaria mellea

Sooty blotch

Gloeodes pomigena

Sooty molds

Capnodium citri
Capnodium mangiferae
Capnodium ramosum
Meliola spp.
Tripospermum acerinum

Stem canker

Phoma sp.

Stem end rot

Botryosphaeria rhodina
Dothiorella dominicana
= Fusicoccum aesculi
Botryosphaeria dothidea [teleomorph]
Hendersonula toruloidea
Lasiodiplodia theobromae
= Botryodiplodia theobromae
Phomopsis mangiferae

Stem gall

Sphaeropsis sp.

Stemphylium rot

Stemphylium vesicarium

Stigmina leaf spot

Stigmina mangiferae

Tip dieback

Fusarium equiseti
Gibberella intricans [teleomorph]

Transit rot

Rhizopus stolonifer

Trunk rot

Hexagonia hydnoides
= Polyporus hydnoides

Twig blight

Diaporthe spp.

Verticillium wilt

Verticillium albo-atrum

White sooty blotch

Gloeodes sp.

Wood rot

Ganoderma applanatum
Ganoderma lucidum
Phellinus gilvus
Pycnoporus sanguineus
= Polyporus sanguineus

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Dagger nematode

Xiphinema brevicolle
Xiphinema spp.

Lance nematode

Hoplolaimus columbus

Sheathoid nematode

Hemicriconemoides mangiferae

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders[edit]

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Abnormal ripening Incorrect O2:CO2 ratios in storage or fruit waxing.
Algal leaf spot = red rust Cephaleuros virescens Kunze
Black tip Post-harvest disorder of unknown cause
Brushing damage Excessive post-harvest brush polishing of fruit
Bunchy top Unknown cause
Chilling injury Temperatures from 7-13 °C; cultivar dependent.
Copper deficiency Unavailable copper
Decline Unknown etiology
Edema Physiological water stress
Hot water scald Excessive temperature or duration in hot water or hot water/fungicide dips
Impact damage Fruit injury from mishandling during harvest or grading
Internal necrosis Boron deficiency
Jelly seed Unknown post-harvest disorder
Lenticel spotting Heavy rains or prolonged post-harvest dips
Little leaf Zinc deficiency
Manganese deficiency Insufficient manganese
Parasitic lichen Strigula elegans (Fee) Muell Arg.
Premature ripening Cause of disorder unknown
Pressure damage Surface fruit injury due to poor packing or load shift in transit
Sapburn injury Sap contact with fruit skin during or post-harvest
Soft nose Excessive nitrogen/low calcium levels
Spongy tissue Unknown post-harvest disorder
Stem end cavity Unexplained pre-harvest fruit injury
Sunburn Sudden exposure of fruit to high air temperature and/or bright light
Tipburn High soluble salts

References[edit]