Triangle gables of late Gothic origin and large windows are the features of Dutch urban architecture in Northern Poland. Among notable architects and sculptors of Dutch/Flemish mannerism in Poland were Anthonis van Obbergen, Willem van den Blocke, Abraham van den Blocke, Jan Strakowski, Paul Baudarth, Gerhard Hendrik, Hans Kramer and Regnier van Amsterdam.
Polish mannerism. Maybe intentionally or maybe because it was built by the same workshop, the church resemble Gothic churches in the city. Despite the medieval form the traditional Gothic elements - ogivalarches, traceries and pinnacles were replaced with semi-circular arches and more subtle stonework. The buttresses remain, but gables were decorated in mannerist style with volutes. The Wojciech Łochowski's Chapel, built adjacent to the church in 1646, was decorated with typical horizontal attic.
Dutch/Polish mannerism. The original building was built in 1298. The tower was added between 1584-1596. Architecture of the building had many influences - horizontal attic embellished with volutes is characteristic for Polish mannerism, the elevated gables and soaring windows are in Dutch style and tower decorated with corner rustication is typical for similar structures in Germany.
Dutch/Polish mannerism. The current building replaced an earlier Gothic granary. The windows were decorated with a motive of a grain sack. The city was one of the largest centres of grain trade in Poland. In the 17th century, during the greatest bloom of the grain trade, there were over 100 granaries in the city. They were built of brick, and since the 17th century they were plastered.
St. George's Parish House
first half of the 17th century
Dutch mannerism. The construction of the building is Gothic, only the upper part have mannerist decoratin. Facade of the house represents typical for Dutch mannerism decoration with ferrule ornament and merge of stone and brick elements. The top of the house is decorated with the Pomeranian Griffin.
Włocławek Cathedral - Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Polish mannerism. Originally built in 1503, it was reconstructed in the mannerist style by bishop Jan Tarnowski. The architecture of the chapel, though inspired by Sigismund's Chapel was adapted and transformed according to Dutch patterns. The dome was hidden behind the balustrade and the walls were covered with a subtle corner rustication.
Jewish mannerism. The synagogue was built to replace wooden building. Late renaissance interior is decorated with Hebrew inscription and frescos. The building was covered with a late baroque mansard roof in the 18th century.
Flemish/Southern German mannerism (architect Hans Kramer). It was built for Dirk Lylge. The facade was decorated in Flemish style by Willem Jacobsen of Brussels. Between 1640-1690 part of the house was rented by English merchants.
Dutch mannerism (constructed by Jan Strakowski to design by Abraham van den Blocke). The attic was adorned with allegorical sculptures of citizen's virtues: Peace, Liberty, Fortune and Fame (west side), Harmony, Justice, Piety and Prudence (east side). They were carved in 1648 by Peter Ringering to Jeremias Falck's design.
Dutch mannerism (design by Abraham van den Blocke). The fountain was founded by the city councillors at Barthell Schachtmann's initiative. The Neptune's statue was cast in Augsburg by Peter Husen and Johann Rogge. In 1634 the fountain was encompassed by a fence decorated with gilded Polish Eagles, also designed by Abraham van den Blocke.
Dutch mannerism (architect Anthonis van Obbergen). Built for Hans Köpe. The house is one of the largest mannierist constructions in Gdańsk (30m height). The main feature is 37m high tower with richly decorated lantern. In 1846 the house was purchased by Danzig Research Society.
Flemish mannerism. Built for Hans Conert the Younger by unknown architect. The building was known at that time as the King's House. The top of the house is decorated with the sculpture of Zeus. Schumann House's architecture bears strong resemblance to Gildehuis der Kuipers (Coopers' House) and to Huis van de Schutters (Archer's House) in Antwerp.
Dutch mannerism (sculptor Willem van den Blocke). The central relief depicts the resurrection in the Valley of Josaphat according to prophet Ezekiel's vision (the dynamic of skeletons' transformation from bones to corpse is exceptional). The epitaph was crowned with a sculpture of death. Inspiration were epitaphs by Cornelis Floris - the construction bears resemblance to Epitaph of Dirk van Assendelft and his wife Adriana van Nassau in Grote Kerk in Breda (1555).
Dutch mannerism. The original 15th-century structure was reconstructed after a fire that broke out in 1556. In 1561 a gilded statue of King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland was installed on a pinnacle of rebuilt tower.
Pomeranian mannerism (architect Wilhelm Zachariasz Italus). The original castle (built in 1507 by duke Bogislaw X) was rebuilt in the mannerist style for duke John Frederick by Italian stonemasons. The new model of the residence with a staircase in the tower adjacent to the elongated rectangular building was later adopted in many noble residencies in the region.
Dutch mannerism (sculptor Willem van den Blocke with participation of his son Abraham). The tomb was established by cardinal Andrew Báthory to commemorate himself and his brother Balthasar. It feature the cardinal kneeling in the upper part of the tomb, while his brother was depicted sleeping in the lower part. The cardinal was newer buried in his tomb because he was murdered at Pásztorbükk near Sândominic shortly after becoming Prince of Transylvania.
German mannerism. The castle was erected for Felix von Podewils to replace an earlier 15th-century fortress. It was built on a rectangular plan with four side towers. The architecture of the castle bears strong resemblance to Schloss Ahrensburg (1569–1585).
German mannerism. The mannerist western wing of the Gothic castle was established by Matthias von Borck. It was adorned with richly decorated gable, dormers and chimneys. The walls were covered with subtle rustication and divided by cornices and windows.
Dutch/Polish mannerism. The castle was built for Stanisław Tuczyński and decorated with sgraffito imitating rustication. The decoration of gables and window bands (scrollwork) are typical for Dutch mannerism.
^ abcdefKazimiera Kalita Skwirzyńska; Ewa Prync-Pommerencke. "Zamki i dwory renesansowe". www.pomorskiezamki.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-28.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "pomorskiezamki" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
^ abc"Barczewo". www.domwarminski.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-28.
^Kazimiera Kalita-Skwirzyńska. "Krąg - zamek". www.pomorskiezamki.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-28.