List of manuscripts from Qumran Cave 1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
List of the manuscripts from Qumran Cave 1
Great Isaiah Scroll.jpg
Photographic reproduction of the Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran Cave 1.
MaterialPapyrus, Parchment, and Bronze
WritingHebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Nabataean
CreatedEst. 408 BCE to 318 CE
Discovered1946
Present locationQumran
Qumran Cave 1, where 1QIsaa was found. The entrance can be seen on the cliff face

The following is a list of the Dead Sea Scrolls from the cave 1 near Qumran.

Description[edit]

Wadi Qumran Cave 1 was discovered the first time in 1946. The initial discovery, by Bedouin shepherd Muhammed edh-Dhib, his cousin Jum'a Muhammed, and Khalil Musa, took place between November 1946 and February 1947.[1][2] The shepherds discovered seven scrolls housed in jars in a cave near what is now known as the Qumran site and took them back to the camp to show to his family. None of the scrolls were destroyed in this process.[3] The original seven Dead Sea Scrolls from Cave 1 at Qumran are the Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsaa), a second copy of Isaiah (1QIsab), the Community Rule Scroll (1QS), the Pesher on Habakkuk (1QpHab), the War Scroll (1QM), the Thanksgiving Hymns (1QH), and the Genesis Apocryphon (1QapGen).[4]

List of manuscripts[edit]

Some resources for more complete information on the Dead Sea Scrolls are the book by Emanuel Tov, "Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert"[5] for a complete list of all of the Dead Sea Scroll texts, as well as the online webpages for the Shrine of the Book[6] and the Leon Levy Collection,[7] both of which present photographs and images of the scrolls and fragments themselves for closer study. Information is not always comprehensive, as content for many scrolls has not yet been fully published.

Fragment or Scroll Identifier Fragment or Scroll Name Alternative Identifier English Bible Association Language Date/Script Description Reference

Qumran Cave 1

1QIsaa Great Isaiah Scroll Isaiah 1:1–31; 2:1–22; 3:1-5:30; 6:1–13; 7:1–25; 8:1–23; 9:1–20; 10:1–34; 11:1-45:25; 46:1-66:24 Hebrew 356-103 BCE/150-100 BCE Contains all 66 chapters with occasional lacunae and some missing words at the bottom of some columns [8][9]
IQIsab Isaiah cf. 1Q8 The Book of Isaiah Hebrew Hasmonean/Herodian A second copy of portions of the Book of Isaiah [10][11]
1QS Serekh ha-Yahad or "Community Rule" Hebrew cf. 4QSa-j = 4Q255-64, 5Q11 [12]
1QpHab Pesher on Habakkuk Habakkuk 1-2 Hebrew Later half of the 1st century BC Commentary on Habakkuk 1:2-17; 2:1-20 [13][14]
1QM Milhamah or War Scroll Hebrew cf. 4Q491, 4Q493; 11Q14?
1QHa Hodayot or Thanksgiving Hymns Hebrew Some parts are also preserved in 1QHb and 4QHa-f [15]
1QapGen Genesis Apocryphon Genesis 12:18-15:4 Aramaic 25 BCE-50 CE [16]
CTLevi Cairo Geniza or Testament of Levi Aramaic
1QGen Genesis 1Q1 Genesis 1:18-21; 3:11-14; 22:13-15; 23:17-19; 24:22-24 Hebrew Herodian [17]
1QExod Exodus 1Q2 Exodus 16:12-16; 19:24-20:2, 20:5-6; 20:25-21:1; 21:4-5 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [18]
1QpaleoLev Leviticus - Numbers 1Q3 Leviticus 11:10-11; 19:30-34; 20:20-24; 21:24-22:6; 23:4-8 and Numbers 1:48-50 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman; Palaeo-Hebrew script [19]
1QDeuta Deuteronomy 1Q4 Deuteronomy 1:22–25; 4:47–49; 8:18–19; 9:27–28; 11:27–30; 13:1–6, 13–14; 14:21, 24–25; 16:4, 6–7 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [20][21]
1QDeutb 1Q5 Deuteronomy 1:9–13; 8:8–9; 9:10; 11:30–31; 15:14-15; 17:16; 21:8–9; 24:10–16; 25:13–18; 28:44–48; 29:9–20; 30:19–20; 31:1–10, 12–13; 32:17–29; 33:12–24 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [20][22]
1QJudg Judges 1Q6 Judges 6:20–22; 8:1(?); 9:2–6, 28–31, 40–43, 48–49 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [23]
1QSam Samuel 1Q7 2 Samuel 18:17–18; 2 Samuel 20:6–10; 21:16–18; 23:9–12 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [24]
IQIsab Isaiah Parts of 1QIsab as 1Q8 Isaiah 7:22–25; 8:1; 10:17–19; 12:3–6; 13:1–8, 16–19; 15:3–9; 16:1–2, 7–11; 19:7–17, 20–25; 20:1; 22:11–18, 24–25; 23:1–4; 24:18–23; 25:1–8; 26:1–5; 28:15–20; 29:1–8; 30:10–14, 21–26; 35:4–5; 37:8–12; 38:12–22; 39:1–8; 40:2–3; 41:3–23; 43:1–13, 23–27; 44:21–28; 45:1–13; 46:3–13; 47:1–14; 48:17–22; 49:1–15; 50:7–11; 51:1–10; 52:7–15; 53:1–12; 54:1–6; 55:2–13; 56:1–12; 57:1–4, 17–21; 58:1–14; 59:1–8, 20–21; 60:1–22; 61:1–2; 62:2–12; 63:1–19; 64:1, 6–8; 65:17–25; 66:1–24 Hebrew Herodian [10]
1QEzek Ezekiel Parts of 1QIsab as 1Q9 Ezekiel 4:16–17; 5:1 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [25]
1QPsa Psalms 1Q10 Psalm 86:5–8; 92:12–14; 94:16; 95:11–96:2; 119:31–34, 43–48, 77–79 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [26]
1QPsb 1Q11 Psalm 126:6; 127:1–5; 128:3 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [27]
1QPsc 1Q12 Psalm 44:3–5, 7, 9, 23–25 Hebrew Herodian [28]
1QPhyl Phylactery 1Q13 Deuteronomy 5:23-27; 11:8-11 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman 58 fragments from a Phylactery [20][29]
1QpMic Pesher on Micah 1Q14 Hebrew Herodian [30]
1QpZeph Pesher on Zephaniah 1Q15 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [31]
1QpPs Pesher on Psalms 1Q16 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [32]
1QJuba Jubilees 1Q17 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman Jubilees [33]
1QJubb 1Q18 Hebrew Hasmonean Jubilees [34]
1QNoah Book of Noah 1Q19 Hebrew Herodian Parts of the lost Book of Noah [35]
1QapGen Fragments of the "Genesis Apocryphon" 1Q20 Aramaic Herodian [36]
1QTLevi / 1QALD Testament of Levi 1Q21 Aramaic Hasmonean Aramaic Levi Document [37]
1QDM "Dibrê Moshe" or "Words of Moses" 1Q22 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [38]
1QEnGiantsa Book of Giants 1Q23 Aramaic Hasmonean Enoch [39]
1QEnGiantsb Book of Giants 1Q24 Aramaic Hellenistic-Roman Enoch [40]
1Q Apocr.Prophecy "Apocryphal Prophecy" 1Q25 Hebrew Herodian [41]
1Q Instruction "Instruction" 1Q26 Hebrew Hasmonean [42]
1QMyst "The Book of Mysteries" 1Q27 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [43]
1QS or 1QSa "Rule of the Congregation" 1Q28 (1Q28a) Hebrew Hasmonean Fragment from "Community Rule" [44]
1QSb "Rule of the Blessing" or "Rule of the Benedictions" 1Q28b Hebrew Hasmonean [45]
1QapocrMoses B Apocryphon of Moses 1Q29 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman "Liturgy of the Three Tongues of Fire" [46]
1Q Liturgical Text(?) A "Liturgical Text 1" 1Q30 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [47]
1Q Liturgical Text(?) B "Liturgical Text 2" 1Q31 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [48]
1QNJ(?) "New Jerusalem" 1Q32 Aramaic Herodian cf. 11Q18 [49]
1QM Fragment of the 1QM or "War Scroll" or "Milhamah" 1Q33 Deuteronomy 20:2-5; Numbers 10:9, 24:17-19; Isaiah 31:8 Hebrew 30-1 BCE

Early Herodian

[20]
1QPrFetes / 1QLitPr "Liturgical Prayers" or "Festival Prayers" 1Q34 Hebrew Herodian [50]
1QHb "Hodayot" or "Thanksgiving Hymns" 1Q35 Hebrew Herodian [51]
1Q Hymns "Hymns" 1Q36 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [52]
1Q Hymnic Composition(?) "Hymnic Composition" 1Q37 Hebrew Herodian [53]
1Q Hymnic Composition(?) "Hymnic Composition" 1Q38 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [54]
1Q Hymnic Composition(?) "Hymnic Composition" 1Q39 Hebrew Herodian [55]
1Q Hymnic Composition(?) "Hymnic Composition" 1Q40 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [56]
1Q41-70 1Q41-70 Hebrew Unclassified Fragments [7]
1QDana Daniel 1Q71 Daniel 1:10–17; 2:2–6 Hebrew Hellenistic-Roman [57]
1QDanb 1Q72 Daniel 3:22–30 Aramaic Hellenistic-Roman [58]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Humphries, Mark. Early Christianity. 2006.
  2. ^ Evans, Craig. Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls. 2010.
  3. ^ John C. Trever. The Dead Sea Scrolls. Gorgias Press LLC, 2003.
  4. ^ Vermes, Geza, The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English, London: Penguin, 1998. ISBN 0-14-024501-4.
  5. ^ Tov, Emanuel (2010). Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert. Brill. ISBN 9789047443797.
  6. ^ "Shrine Of The Book - The Digital Dead Sea Scrolls".
  7. ^ a b "Leon Levy Collection". Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library. Israel Antiquities Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-22.
  8. ^ The Great Isaiah Scroll at The Digital Dead Sea Scrolls. The Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
  9. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, pp. 14-15.
  10. ^ a b 1Q8 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  11. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, pp. 15-16.
  12. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 18.
  13. ^ Bruce, F.F.,"The Dead Sea Habakkuk Scroll," The Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society I (1958/59): 5-24.
  14. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 16.
  15. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, pp. 16-18.
  16. ^ Schiffman, Lawrence H. (2000). Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.
  17. ^ 1Q1 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  18. ^ 1Q2 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  19. ^ 1Q3 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  20. ^ a b c d OakTree Software, Inc. Accordance 10: Bible Software. 2008.
  21. ^ 1Q4 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  22. ^ 1Q5 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  23. ^ 1Q6 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  24. ^ 1Q7 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  25. ^ 1Q9 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  26. ^ 1Q10 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  27. ^ 1Q11 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  28. ^ 1Q12 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  29. ^ 1Q13 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  30. ^ 1Q14 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  31. ^ 1Q15 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  32. ^ 1Q16 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  33. ^ 1Q17 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  34. ^ 1Q18 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  35. ^ 1Q19 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  36. ^ 1Q20 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  37. ^ 1Q21 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  38. ^ 1Q22 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  39. ^ 1Q23 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  40. ^ 1Q24 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  41. ^ 1Q25 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  42. ^ 1Q26 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  43. ^ 1Q27 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  44. ^ 1Q28 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  45. ^ 1Q28 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  46. ^ 1Q29 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  47. ^ 1Q30 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  48. ^ 1Q31 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  49. ^ 1Q32 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  50. ^ 1Q34 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  51. ^ 1Q35 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  52. ^ 1Q36 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  53. ^ 1Q37 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  54. ^ 1Q38 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  55. ^ 1Q39 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  56. ^ 1Q40 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  57. ^ 1Q71 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library
  58. ^ 1Q72 at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]