List of marine aquarium invertebrate species

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This is a list of various species of marine invertebrates, animals without a backbone, that are commonly found in aquariums kept by hobby aquarists. Some species are intentionally collected for their desirable aesthetic characteristics. Others are kept to serve a functional role such as consuming algae in the aquarium. Some species are present only incidentally or are pest species.

Annelids[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Christmas tree worm[1]
Spirobranchus giganteus (Red and white christmas tree worm).jpg
Spirobranchus giganteus Yes Expert Found living anchored in live coral colonies in nature. Each worm has two crowns, which come in a variety of different colors, and are spiraled in the shape of a Christmas tree. 5 cm (2.0 in)
Cluster duster[1]
Bispira brunnea (Social Feather Duster Worm).jpg
Bispira brunnea Yes Moderate This species grows in groups of up to 100 individual tube worms, living together in a single clump. The clusters of tubes adhere to a rocky substrate at a central point.[2] 2.5 cm (1.0 in)
Feather duster worm, Fan worm[1]
Featherduster 300.jpg
Sabellastarte sp. Yes Easy to Moderate A sedentary, tube dwelling worm with a fan-shaped crown (radiole) that projects from the end of the tube. This can be white, tan, orange, sometimes with striping. They build their tubes out of sand, mud, and bits of shell. 20 cm (7.9 in)

Arthropods[edit]

Cheliceratas[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Atlantic horseshoe crab
Limulus polyphemus (aq.).jpg
Limulus polyphemus Yes, with caution Easy A bottom dwelling animal that is actually more closely related to arachnids than to true crabs. Found burrowing in mud or sand flats in the wild, they need a deep sand bed in their aquarium. 60 cm (23.6 in)
Sea spider[3]
Sea spider.jpg
Pycnogonids No Not collected for the aquarium trade, but occasionally seen on live rock and corals as a hitchiker. They can be pests in a reef tank, preying on soft coral, sponges and anemones. 0.2–50 cm (0.1–19.7 in)

Crustaceans[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Notes Max size
Anemone crab
Porcelain crab Nick Hobgood.jpg
Neopetrolisthes maculatus Yes Easy It lives in anemones.
Arrow crab
Stenorhynchus seticornis.jpg
Stenorhynchus seticornis Yes?
Hermit crabs
Calliactis and Dardanus 001.JPG
Paguroidea sp. Will eat snails Easy
Emerald crab
Female Mithraculus sculptus Crab.jpg
Mithraculus sculptus With caution? Easy May eat fish
Pom-pom crab
Xanthidae - Lybia tessellata.jpg
Lybia tessellata With caution? Easy?
Sally lightfoot crab
Percnon gibbesi Linosa 053.jpg
Percnon gibbesi With caution? Easy?
Spider decorator crab
Camposcia retusa - National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo - DSC07557.JPG
Camposcia retusa With caution? Easy? Will get some polyps to use for cover.
Spiny lobster
Panulirus versicolor.jpg
Panulirus versicolor
Brine shrimp
Artemia salina 2.jpg
Artemia salina Yes Easy Kept not as livestock, but rather to feed inverts and fish.
Sexy shrimp
Squat shrimp Nick Hobgood.jpg
Thor amboinensis Yes Easy
Snapping shrimp
Alpheus distinguendus.jpg
Alpheidae sp. With caution? Will make loud snapping sounds.
Peacock mantis shrimp
Odontodactylus scyllarus1.jpg
Odontodactylus scyllarus No Easy? Will eat crabs.
Coral banded shrimp
Stenopus hispidus 1.jpg
Stenopus hispidus Yes Easy Will eat small fish
Camel shrimp
Rhynchocinetes durbanensis.JPG
Rhynchocinetes durbanensis Yes Easy? Will nip on soft corals.
Harlequin shrimp
Hymenocera picta en train de retourner Fromia milleporella.JPG
Hymenocera sp. Will eat starfish Moderate? Will only eat starfish.
Peppermint shrimp
Berried peppermint shrimp.png
Lysmata wurdemanni complex Yes Easy May take a few coral polyps for "experimenting"
Skunk cleaner shrimp
Lysmata amboinensis Shrimp.jpg
Lysmata amboinensis Yes Easy Will clean dead tissue and remove parasites from fish.

Corals[edit]

Corallimorphs[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Temperament Care Level Description Max size
Jewel anemone
Corynactis Viridis.jpg
Corynactis viridis
Knobbly mushroom coral, Florida false coral[4]
Ricordea florida (Florida Corallimorph).jpg
Ricordea florida
Knobbly mushroom coral, Yuma mushroom coral[4]
Ricordea sp mushroom coral.jpg
Ricordea yuma Semi-aggressive Moderate
Mushroom coral, Mushroom anemone, Disk anemone[4]
Discosoma, Samoa.jpg
Discosoma sp. Semi-aggressive Easy
Strawberry anemone
Corynactis californica 1.jpg
Corynactis californica

Hydrocorals[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Temperament Care Level Description Max size
Lace coral[5]
Reef0862 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg
Distichopora sp.
Fire coral[5]
Millepora, dactylozoides.jpg
Millepora sp.

Large-polyp stony[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Temperament Care Level Description Max size
Black sun coral[6]
Tubastraea.jpg
Tubastraea micrantha Expert
Bubble coral
BubbleCoral.jpg
Plerogyra sinuosa Aggressive Easy
Candy cane coral
Yellow Clown Goby.jpg
Caulastrea furcata Peaceful Easy
Elegance coral[7]
Elegance-coral-catalaphyllia-jardinei.jpg
Catalaphyllia jardinei Aggressive Moderate
Flowerpot coral
Goniopora 3.jpg
Goniopora sp. Aggressive Difficult
Frogspawn coral[8]
Euphyllia divisa.jpg
Euphyllia divisa Aggressive Moderate
Hammer coral, Anchor coral[8]
Reef0836 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg
Euphyllia ancora Aggressive
Lobed brain coral
Lobophyllia hemprichii 1.jpg
Lobophyllia hemprichii Semi-Aggressive
Open brain coral
Trachyphyllia geoffroyi.jpg
Trachyphyllia geoffroyi Semi-aggressive
Pineapple brain coral, Moon coral
Favia 1.jpg
Favia sp. Aggressive
Sun coral, Orange cup coral[9]
Suncoral1.jpg
Tubastraea sp., often Tubastrea aurea Peaceful Expert
Torch coral
Euphyllia glabrescens en acuario.JPG
Euphyllia glabrescens Aggressive
Whisker coral, Duncan coral[10]
Duncanopsammia axifuga.jpg
Duncanopsammia axifuga Peaceful Easy

Small-polyp stony[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Temperament Care level Description Max size
Pink bird's nest coral[11]
S hystrix.jpg
Seriatopora hystrix
Cauliflower coral
Pocilloporaverrucosa.jpg
Pocillopora sp., usually Pocillopora damicornis
Dimpled encrusting Montipora
Montipora verrucosa 2.jpg
Montipora verrucosa
Finger coral[12]
Montipora digitata.jpg
Montipora digitata and Montipora samarensis
Millepora coral, "Milli" coral
Acropora millepora Maldives.jpg
Acropora millepora Peaceful Moderate A popular and readily available species that comes in many color forms. It should not be confused with fire corals of the genus Millepora.
Plating montipora
Leaf plate montipora.gk.jpg
Montipora capricornis Peaceful Moderate
Staghorn coral[13]
Hertshoon.jpg
Acropora cervicornis Peaceful Difficult A very rare species, it is generally not available to the average hobby aquarist due to its critically endangered status. It would make a good aquarium specimen, but can only be obtained with a special license.

Soft corals[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Temperament Care Level Description Max size
Cabbage leather coral
Sinularia dura.jpg
Sinularia brassica and Sinularia dura Semi-aggressive Easy
Clove polyps, Daisy polyps[14]
Clavularia.JPG
Clavularia sp Peaceful Easy
Devil's hand leather coral
Lobophytum.jpg
Lobophytum sp. Peaceful to Semi-aggressive Easy
Finger leather coral
Finger leather coral, Sinularia polydactyla (6165871011).jpg
Sinularia sp. Semi-aggressive Easy
Jasmine polyps, Daisy polyps
Knopia octocontacanalis.JPG
Knopia Peaceful Easy
Pulse coral, Pulsing Xenia
Xenia coral.jpg
Xenia sp. Peaceful Easy An easy to care for coral known for its prolific asexual reproduction and polyps that actively move their tentacles in a pulsing motion.
Red chili coral
Nephthyigorgia.JPG
Nephthyigorgia Peaceful Expert
Spaghetti leather coral
Sinularia flexibilis (Slimy leather coral).jpg
Sinularia flexibilis Semi-aggressive Easy
Star polyps[14]
Pachiclavularia viridis.JPG
Clavularia viridis, Pachiclavularia viridis, or Briareum violaceum (taxonomy uncertain) Peaceful Easy

Zoanthids[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Temperament Care Level Description Max size
Stick polyps, Tree polyps Acrozoanthus
Button polyps, Zoanthids, "Zoas"
Zoanthid.jpg
Zoanthus Semi-aggressive Easy Common, but pretty, coral that is a mainstay of the reef hobby. Their diversity of color is almost infinite, ranging from pale to full-on rainbow.
Button polyps, Palythoa, "Palys"
Palythoa grandis (Sun Zoanthids).jpg
Palythoa Semi-aggressive Easy Palythoa are nearly as ubiquitous as Zoanthus in the reef hobby. Their colors are usually more muted, but still attractive.
Button polyps, Protopalythoa
Protopalythoa.jpg
Protopalythoa Semi-aggressive Easy Similar to Palythoa, these may actually be in the same genus due to taxonomic uncertainty.

Echinoderms[edit]

Sea cucumbers[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Florida sea cucumber Holothuria floridana
Pink and black sea cucumber
Edible Sea Cucumber (Holothuria edulis).jpg
Holothuria edulis Yes Easy
Sea apple
Pseudocolochirus axiologus.jpg
Pseudocolochirus axiologus Maybe Expert 20 cm (7.9 in)
Tiger tail sea cucumber Holothuria hilla
Yellow sea cucumber
Sea cucumber yellow komodo.jpg
Colochirus robustus With care Expert 7 cm (2.8 in)

Starfish[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Blue and pink sea star Astropecten sp.
Brittle star
Haeckel Ophiodea.jpg
Ophiomastix Yes Easy 60 cm (23.6 in)
Bun star
CulcitanovguineaeJI1.jpg
Culcita novaeguinea With care? 30 cm (11.8 in)
Chocolate chip sea star
Protoreaster nodosus.jpg
Protoreaster nodosus No Moderate? 30 cm (11.8 in)
Blue linckia
Linckia.jpg
Linckia laevigata 30 cm (11.8 in)
Indian Sea Star
Fromia indica Landaagiraavaru.JPG
Fromia indica Yes Moderate 7.5 cm (3.0 in)
Mottled linckia
Linckia multifora 1.jpg
Linckia multifora 13 cm (5.1 in)
Little red star Fromia elegans
Purple linckia Linckia teres, or Tamaria stria Yes Difficult 20 cm (7.9 in)
Red Sea Star
Fromia millepora.jpg
Fromia millepora Yes Moderate 15 cm (5.9 in)
Red-knobbed starfish
Red-knobbed.starfish.arp.jpg
Protoreaster linckii No 30 cm (11.8 in)
Sand sifting sea star Astropecten polyacanthus Yes Easy Needs a large sandbed 20 cm (7.9 in)
Tiled sea star, marbled sea star
Fromia monilis.jpg
Fromia monilis Yes Moderate 15 cm (5.9 in)

Crinoids[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Feather star Himerometridae - Himerometra robustipinna-001.jpg Himerometra robustipinna Maybe? Expert?

Urchins[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Black longspine urchin
Diademseeigel.jpg
Diadema setosum
Collector urchin, Priest hat urchin, Sea Egg
T. gratilla collector (2).jpg
Tripneustes gratilla
Globe urchin, Tuxedo urchin
Mespilia globulus MHNT Bohol.jpg
Mespilia globulus
Slate pencil urchin
Gfp-state-pencil-sea-urchin.jpg
Eucidaris tribuloides
Purple short spine pincushion urchin
Pseudoboletia maculata.jpg
Pseudoboletia maculata
Red slate pencil urchin
Heterocentrotus mammillatus in situ from Hawaii.JPG
Heterocentrotus mamillatus
Reef urchin, Rock boring urchin
Echinometra mathaei Landaagiraavaru.JPG
Echinometra sp.
Variegated urchin
Lytechinus variegatus.jpg
Lytechinus variegatus

Jellyfish[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size (bell diameter)
Blue Blubber Jellyfish
Blubber Jellyfish.jpg
Catostylus mosaicus No Expert This jellyfish actually ranges in color from white to dark purple to reddish brown. It has a dome-shaped bell which pulses at a quick, steady pace, making these jellyfish strong, active swimmers. 25 cm (9.8 in)
Moon jellyfish
Aurelia aurita 001.JPG
Aurelia aurita No Moderate to Difficult A whitish to clear jellyfish with a large dinner-plate shaped bell. They have a fringe of short tentacles around the edge of the bell, and four longer oral arms extending from around the mouth. 50 cm (19.7 in)
Sea Nettles
Sea nettle (Chrysaora fuscescens) 2
Chrysaora sp. No Expert Range in color from white to striped orange and brown to purplish. Long tentacles trail behind the bell, sometimes for several meters. 30 cm (11.8 in)
Upside Down jellyfish
Fkeysmacro.jpg
Cassiopea sp. No Expert This jellyfish has a somewhat green or grayish blue coloration due to symbiotic algae living in its tissues. It resides on the bottom, exposing its tentacles (and the algae inside them) to the light. 30 cm (11.8 in)

Mollusks[edit]

Bivalves[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Atlantic Thorny oyster
Spondylus americanus
Spondylus americanus 10 cm (3.9 in)
Bear paw clam
Hippopus hippopus.jpg
Hippopus hippopus
Blue clam, Boring clam
Tridacna crocea.jpg
Tridacna crocea Yes 15 cm (5.9 in)
China clam Hippopus porcellanus
Electric flame scallop
Ctenoides ales by OpenCage.jpg
Ctenoides ales Yes
Flame scallop
Lima scabra.jpg
Ctenoides scaber Yes 3 in (7.6 cm)
Fluted giant clam
Tridacna squamosa (Giant clam) brown and blue.jpg
Tridacna squamosa Yes Moderate? 40 cm (15.7 in)
Flying scallop Promantellum vigens
Gigas aka "Giant" clam
Tridacna gigas by Ewa Barska.jpg
Tridacna gigas Yes 120 cm (47.2 in)
Maxima clam
2 Tridacna gigas.jpg
Tridacna maxima Yes Moderate 20 cm (7.9 in)
Southern giant clam
Tridacna derasa.001 - Aquarium Finisterrae.JPG
Tridacna derasa Yes 60 cm (23.6 in)
Thorny oyster
Spondylus varius Thorny Oyster Fiji by Nick Hobgood.jpg
Spondylus sp.

Gastropods[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Abalone
LivingAbalone
Haliotis sp. Yes Easy 12 cm (4.7 in)
Arabian Cowrie
Arabian Cowry2.jpg
Cypraea arabica 10 cm (3.9 in)
Astraea snail Astraea sp. Yes Easy 2.5–10 cm (1.0–3.9 in)
Bumble bee snail[15]
Engina mendicaria unilineata.jpg
Engina mendicaria Yes Easy 1.5 cm (0.6 in)
Cerith snail Cerithium sp. Yes Easy 3.5 cm (1.4 in)
Gold ring cowrie
Cypraeaannulus.jpg
Cypraea annulus 5 cm (2.0 in)
Lettuce sea slug
Lettuce Sea Slug 11-03-2006.jpg
Elysia sp., usually Elysia crispata Yes Moderate A sacoglossan sea slug with folded parapodia (side appendages), that give it a lettuce-like appearance. They feed on algae, and incorporate algal chloroplasts into their cells. Color ranges from brownish to green, and can include blues, yellows, and pinks. 5 cm (2.0 in)
Nassarius snail
Nassarius tiarula.jpg
Nassarius sp. Yes Easy 2.5 cm (1.0 in)
Queen conch
Eustrombus gigas 2.jpg
Eustrombus gigas Yes, but may knock over loose rocks and coral. 30 cm (11.8 in)
Sand conch
Strombus alatus.jpg
Strombidae
Sea Hare
Sea hare, Aplysia dactylomela, 14 04 2009 4-47pm.jpg
Aplysiomorpha sp., usually Aplysia sp. or Dolabella sp. Yes Expert 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in)
Tiger cowrie,
Cypraea tigris 1.jpg
Cypraea tigris 15 cm (5.9 in)
Turbo snail Turbo sp. Yes Easy 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in)

Cephalopods[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Common tropical octopus
Octopus vulgaris2
Octopus vulgaris No Expert Mantle: 25 cm (9.8 in) Arms: 1 m (3.3 ft)
Dwarf cuttlefish
HPIM1795.JPG
Sepia bandensis No Expert Mantle: 45 cm (17.7 in)
European common cuttlefish
Dwarf cuttlefish (Sepia bandensis)
Sepia officinalis No Expert Mantle: 10 cm (3.9 in)

Sea anemones[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Aptasia
Aiptasia.jpg
Aiptasia sp. No A common pest species in marine aquariums which spreads rapidly and harms corals and invertebrates with their sting. Can sting fish, but fatalities are rare. Notoriously difficult to eradicate, but a number of organisms can be used for control, including peppermint shrimp and Berghia verrucicornis.
Bubble-tip anemone
Quadricolor.jpg
Entacmaea quadricolor With caution Moderate A relatively easy to keep anemone species, it is very colorful, and has distinctive bubble-like swellings on the tips of its tentacles. 30 cm (11.8 in)
Condy anemone[16]
Tickle Me Pink (113158351).jpg
Condylactis gigantea With caution Moderate Common anemone species in the aquarium trade. The base color is usually brown to white, often with color on tentacle tips. Many color variations exist, including magenta, purple, yellow, and green. 15 cm (5.9 in)
Delicate sea anemone[17]
Heteractis malu.JPG
Heteractis malu With caution Difficult Also known as the malu anemone or white sand anemone. Color tipped tentacles reach 4 cm in length. This anemone should not be placed on a rock, it prefers a sandy substrate to bury its base in. 20 cm (7.9 in)
Long tentacled anemone
Macrodactyla doreensis at the Botanická zahrada Liberec (11).jpg
Macrodactyla doreensis With caution Moderate 50 cm (19.7 in)
Magnificent anemone
Maldive anemonefish.jpg
Heteractis magnifica With caution Expert One of the most difficult anemone species to keep healthy in captivity. 1 m (3.3 ft)
Rock flower anemone
Epicystis crucifer (Beaded anemone).jpg
Phymanthus crucifer With caution Moderate
Tube anemone
Cerianthus membranacea - Zoo Frankfurt 2.jpg
Cerianthus sp. Yes Moderate Not a true anemone (actinarian), but a member of the order Ceriantharia. Can make a very colorful aquarium specimen, colored with pinks, purples and sometimes shades of fluorescent green.

Sponges[edit]

Common name Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Ball sponge Cinachyra allocladia Yes Expert
Branching vase sponge
Callyspongia vaginalis (Branching Vase Sponge - pink variation).jpg
Callyspongia vaginalis Yes Expert
Bee sponge
Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862.jpg
Acanthella sp. Yes Expert
Orange ball sponge Cinachyra kuekenthali Yes Expert
Orange fan sponge Axinella bookhouti Yes Expert
Red ball sponge Dragmacidon lunaecharta Yes Expert
Red tree sponge
Amphimedon compressa (Erect Rope Sponge- red).jpg
Amphimedon compressa Yes Expert

Tunicates[edit]

Common name(s) Image Taxonomy Reef safe Care Level Description Max size
Blue lollipop tunicate[18]
Oxycorynia fascicularis (Tunicates).jpg
Nephtheis fascicularis Yes Expert 7.5 cm (3.0 in)
Golden sea squirt, Ink-spot sea squirt[18]
Tunicate komodo.jpg
Polycarpa aurata Yes Moderate 15 cm (5.9 in)

((Sea Sponges))[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sprung, Julian (14 August 2002). "Aquarium Invertebrates: Featherdusters In The Aquarium". Advanced Aquarist. Pomacanthus Publications, LLC. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Cluster Duster (Bispira brunnea)". AquariumDomain.com. AquariumDomain.com. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Goemans, Bob. "Marine Spiders (Sea Spiders)". saltcorner.com. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Sprung, Julian (14 October 2002). "Aquarium Invertebrates: Mushrooms, Elephants Ears, And False Corals: A Review Of The Corallimorpharia". Advanced Aquarist. Pomacanthus Publications, LLC. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Borneman, Eric. "Venomous Corals: The Fire Corals". Reefkeeping Magazine. Reef Central, LLC. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  6. ^ de Vries, Joost. "Tubastraea micrantha, the Black Sun, is the most majestic Azoox coral". Reef Builders. Reef Builders, Inc. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Elegance Coral". FishChannel.com. I-5 Publishing, LLC. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Fatherree, James W. (3 October 2012). "Aquarium Corals: Corals of the Genus Euphyllia". Advanced Aquarist. Pomacanthus Publications, LLC. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Fatherree, James W. (14 December 2011). "Aquarium Corals: A Look at the Sun Corals". Advanced Aquarist. Pomacanthus Publications, LLC. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  10. ^ Hanley, Charles J. "Why Duncan, Your Whiskers are Tickling my Corallite!". QualityMarine.com. Quality Marine. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  11. ^ Thein, Than. "The Perfect Beginner SPS Coral: Seriatopora (Bird’s nest)". Saltwater Smarts. Saltwater Smarts. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  12. ^ Dana Riddle. "Montipora digitata: A Stony Coral for All Hobbyists". Advanced Aquarist. VII (January 2008). 
  13. ^ "Staghorn Coral". Animal-World.com. Animal-World. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Fatherree, James W. "The Stoloniferans: Clove Polyps, Star Polyps, and Pipe Organ Corals". Saltcorner. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "Bumblebee Snail". Microcosm Aquarium Explorer. Microcosm, Ltd. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Condy Anemone - Condylactis gigantea". Fishlore.com. Fish Lore.com. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Delicate Sea Anemone". Animal-World.com. Animal-World. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  18. ^ a b Fatherree, James W. "An Introduction to Tunicates". Reefs.com. Reefs Magazine. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  • Alderton, David (2005). Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish (Second ed.). DK Publishing, Inc. pp. 286–297. ISBN 9780756636784.
  • Lougher, Tristan (2008) [First Published 2007]. What Invertebrates?: A Buyer's Guide for Marine Aquariums. What Pet? Books Series. Barron's Educational Series, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7641-3741-9. LCCN 2006933016.