List of massacres in Algeria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Algeria. This is an incomplete list. The total number of massacres reported is far more numerous[1]

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Ain-Defla massacre 1994 mid-March Ain-Defla 80 Several massacres occurred at Ain-Defla, including in 1994, 1997 and 2001.[2]
Baloul massacre September 2, 1998 Village of Baloul, Saïda 40-60+
Batna-Msila Road massacre August 17, 1996 Batna 63 Bus stopped at a fake roadblock and 29 people killed by hatchets and knives.[3]
Beni Ali massacre August 26, 1997 Beni Ali 100
Béni Ounif massacre August 15, 1999 Béni Ounif 29
Beni-Messous massacre September 5, 1997 Beni-Messous 87+
Bentalha massacre September 1997 15 km south of Algiers 200-400 "[T]he massacre of Bentalha in which 400 people had their throats cut one September night in 1997".[4]
Berrouaghia prison massacre November 14, 1994 30-200
Blida massacre March 1994 Blida 82 Massacres in Blida also occurred in 1997 and 2001.
Boufarik massacre April 9, 1997 Boufarik 22 The victims were hacked to death.[5]
Chouardia massacre March 26, 1998 Wilaya of Medea 40
Dairat Labguer massacre June 16, 1997 Dairat Labguer 50 Five nights earlier, another 17 had been killed 5 km away.
El Oufia tribe massacre 1832 Algeria 500+ All the men, women and children of the El Oufia tribe were killed in one night.[6]
Guelb El-Kebir massacre September 1997 Beni Slimane 52
Haouch Khemisti massacre April 1997 Haouch Mokhfi Khemisti 93 The 93 villagers were decapitated in 3 hours on the night of April 22–23.[7]
Omaria massacre April 23, 1997 Omaria (near Médéa) 42
Oran massacre of 1962 July 5, 1962 Oran 95-453
Oued Bouaicha massacre March 26, 1998 Djelfa 52 (including 32 children) The victims were killed by men carrying axes and knives, at Oued Bouaïcha in the municipality of Bouiret Lahdab; near Had Sahary. On the same day, a massacre occurred at Youb.
Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre August 3, 1997 Arib 40-76
Ouled Rhia tribe massacre 1845 Dahra 500-700 The entire Ouled Rhia tribe was killed by suffocation in a cave.[6]
Rais massacre August 29, 1997 Rais (near Larbaa) 800[8] "Some were shot, some had their throats cut, the heads of babies were severed. A group of extremists who claimed to be motivated by Islam carried out the killings."[8]
Laghouat massacre[9][10][11][12] December 3, 1852 Ville de Laghouat 2300 - 3000[13] "Des chiffres confirmés par plusieurs historiens français parlent de 2500 à 3000 tués et le reste soit environ 1500 a du s’enfuir pour échapper aux tueries. "[14][12][15][16][11]
Sétif and Guelma massacre May 8, 1945 Sétif 6000-45000
Sid El-Antri massacre December 1997 Tiaret 48-117
Sidi Daoud massacre October 12, 1997 Sig 43
Sidi-Hamed massacre January 11, 1998 Sidi-Hamed 103 70 injured
Si Zerrouk massacre July 27, 1997 Larbaa 47-58
Souhane massacre August 1997 Souhane 64
Tadjena massacre December 9, 1998 mountain villages of Bouhamed and Ayachiche (just north of Tadjena) 81 In 2003, Tadjena was subjected to two additional massacres.[17]
Tadjena massacre (second) May 25, 2003 Tadjena 7 site of other massacres in 1998 and 2003[17]
Tadjena massacre (third) May 26, 2003 Tadjena 14 site of other massacres in 1998 and 2003[17]
Tenes massacre May 4, 1994 Ténès 16
Thalit massacre April 1997 Thalit 52 52 Of the 53 inhabitants were killed by slitting their throats. The villagers' homes were burned down afterwards.[18]
Tiarit massacre April 2001 Tiarit 15 women and children.[2]
Wilaya of Relizane massacres of 30 December 1997 December 30, 1997 4 villages 78-272 (varying estimates)
Wilaya of Relizane massacres of 4 January 1998 January 4, 1998 Oued Rhiou 172+
Youb massacre March 26, 1998 Youb 11 On the same day as the Oued Bouaicha massacre

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ An Anatomy of the Massacres", Ait-Larbi, Ait-Belkacem, Belaid, Nait-Redjam, and Soltani, in An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres, ed. Bedjaoui, Aroua, and Ait-Larbi, Hoggar: Geneva 1999.
  2. ^ a b The Middle East and North Africa 2003, Routledge, 22 Nov 2002, page 175
  3. ^ The Middle East and North Africa, Volume 50 By Europa Publications Limited, Routledge, 30 Oct 2003, page 179
  4. ^ Algeria: Thinking the unthinkable The Economist, Nov 9th 2000, from the print edition
  5. ^ New statesman , Volume 126, Issues 4332-4349
  6. ^ a b Blood and Soil: Ben Kiernan, page 365, 2008
  7. ^ New statesman , Volume 126, Issues 4332-4349, 1997
  8. ^ a b Violent past haunts Algeria's fresh start By Jeremy Bowen BBC News, Algiers
  9. ^ fr:Laghouat
  10. ^ "Le 4 décembre 1852 – La prise de la ville de Laghouat". AU FIL DES MOTS ET DE L'HISTOIRE (in French). Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  11. ^ a b Pein, Théodore (1871). LivreLettres familières sur l'Algérie: un petit royaume arabe,. C. Tanera (Paris). pp. 363–370.
  12. ^ a b Dzland Mourad (2013-11-30), Documentaire :Le Génocide De Laghouat 1852 Mourad AGGOUNE, retrieved 2017-11-23
  13. ^ [1] By Robert Le Tourneau
  14. ^ "Laghouat". Wikipédia (in French). 2017-10-07.
  15. ^ Al Jazeera Documentary الجزيرة الوثائقية (2017-11-05), أوجاع الذاكرة - الجزائر, retrieved 2017-11-23
  16. ^ "La conquête coloniale de l'Algérie par les Français". 17 June 2017.
  17. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-09-09. Retrieved 2005-02-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "More than 80 Algerians killed in weekend massacres", CNN, 6 April 1997, retrieved 11 February 2010