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The following lists are of
massacres that have occurred in Azerbaijan (numbers may be approximate).
Before 1980 [ edit ]
Battle of Ganja (1804) 1804
-7,000   Azeri inhabitants of Ganja
Civilians were massacred during the capture of the city by the Russians; some of the captured soldiers were executed
Armenian–Tatar massacres of 1905–1907 1905– 1907
Baku; Nakhichevan; Shusha; Tiflis 3,000-10,000
Shamkhor Massacre 1918
Russian soldiers killed by Azerbaijani nationalists
  
March Days 1918
March 30-April 2
Azeris and other Muslim civilians were killed by members of the
Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks.  
September Days 1918
Armenians killed by the
Army of Islam;  victims include small children, and many robberies and rapes took place during the massacre  
Khaibalikend Massacre 1919
Armenians killed by armed ethnic Azeri and Kurdish irregulars and Azerbaijani soldiers;
many women and children were killed, bodies were dumped into water wells, and the villages of  Khaibalikend, Jamillu, Karkujahan and Pahliul were destroyed  
Shusha pogrom 1920
 -30,000    Armenians
Armenians killed by Azerbaijanis; many children were killed and many women were raped
1920 Ganja Revolt 1920
Bolsheviks slaughtered civilians including women and children after the capture of rebel Ganja. Many women were raped and Koran were burnt.
Nagorno-Karabakh War [ edit ]
The following is a list of
massacres and pogroms, which took place in the course of the Nagorno-Karabakh War between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.
Sumgait pogrom 1988
February 27-March 1
Armenians killed by Azeris; 20 ambulances were destroyed,
and reports detail widespread rape,  mutilation, robberies, and disembowling of fetuses   
Kirovabad pogrom 1988
Armenians killed by Azeris
Baku Pogrom 1990
Armenians killed; many incidents of rape, robbery, and torture;
700 injured   
Black January 1990
Baku, Azerbaijan 133-137
Peaceful protesters of the Azerbaijani national independence movement
Killed by Soviet troops; ambulance workers rushing to help the wounded and random by-passers, including women and children, among the dead
Malibeyli and Gushchular Massacre 1992
Malibeyli, Ashaghi Gushchular, Yukhari Gushchular villages of Shusha Rayon 8-15
Azeris killed by Armenian irregular armed units
Capture of Garadaghly 1992
Qaradağlı, Khojavend 20-90
Khojaly Massacre 1992
Xocalı, Azerbaijan 161-613
Azeris killed by Armenian Troops; many women and children among the dead
Maraga Massacre 1992
Armenians killed, many decapitated; bodies were buried in a mass grave outside the village
References [ edit ]
^ Peter Avery; William Bayne Fisher, Gavin Hambly, Charles Melville (1991-10-25). The Cambridge history of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic. Cambridge University Press. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-521-20095-0.
^ Mansoori, Firooz (2008). "17". Studies in History,Language and Culture of Azerbaijan (in Persian). Tehran: Hazar-e Kerman. p. 245. ISBN 978-600-90271-1-8.
^ THE SIEGE AND ASSAULT OF FORTRESS GANJA , (Russian)
^ The formation of the Soviet Union: communism and nationalism, 1917-1923 By Richard Pipes - page 103
^ the Modern encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet history, Volume 39 by Joseph L. Wieczynski - page 170
^ Wladimir S. Woytinsky: La Democratie. p. 113
^ Michael Smith. "Pamiat' ob utratakh i Azerbaidzhanskoe obshchestvo/Traumatic Loss and Azerbaijani. National Memory". Azerbaidzhan i Rossiia: obshchestva i gosudarstva (Azerbaijan and Russia: Societies and States) (in Russian). Sakharov Center . Retrieved . 21 August 2011
^ a b "New Republics in the Caucasus". The New York Times Current History. 11 (2): 492. March 1920.
^ Hovannisian. Armenia on the Road to Independence, p. 227.
^ Human Rights Watch. . New York: Human Rights Watch, 1995. Playing the "Communal Card": Communal Violence and Human Rights
^ Walker. Armenia, p. 261.
^ Hovannisian, Richard. The Republic of Armenia: Vol. I, The First Year, 1918-1919. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971, pp. 176-177, notes 51-52.
^ (Armenian) Vratsian, Simon. Հայաստանի Հանրապետութիւն ( The Republic of Armenia). Paris: H.H.D. Amerikayi Publishing, 1928, pp. 286-87.
^ Hovannisian. Republic of Armenia, Vol. I, p. 181.
^ Richard G. Hovannisian. The Republic of Armenia, Vol. III: From London to Sèvres, February–August 1920
^ Thomas de Waal. Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War. ISBN 0-8147-1944-9
^ "The Nagorno-Karabagh Crisis:A Blueprint for Resolution" (PDF). . June 2000. p. 3. Public International Law & Policy Group and the New England Center for International Law & Policy In August 1919, the Karabagh National Council entered into a provisional treaty agreement with the Azerbaijani government. Despite signing the Agreement, the Azerbaijani government continuously violated the terms of the treaty. This culminated in March 1920 with the Azerbaijanis' massacre of Armenians in Karabagh's former capital, Shushi, in which it is estimated that more than 20,000 Armenians were killed.
^ Why IDPs Matter in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict by Seepan V. Parseghian, p.5
^ The I.L.P.'s ALLIES. Soviet Massacre in the Caucasus // Western Gazette. — 1920. — 1 June. — page 12.
^ 15,000 massacred // Cheltenham Chronicle. — 1920. — 2 June. — page 4
^ (Russian) "Сумгаит, Один месяц поздно" ("Sumgait, One Month Later"). . April 13, 1988. Moskovskiye Novosti
^ Shahmuratian. Sumgait Tragedy, Interview with Levon Akopyan, p. 227.
^ Lee, Gary. " Eerie Silence Hangs Over Soviet City." Washington Post. September 4, 1988. p. A33. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
^ Ein Volk, ein Land. DER SPIEGEL 13/1988
^ "130 Died, Sakharov Says". The New York Times. 1988-11-26. p. 6 . Retrieved . 2013-02-22
^ Stuart J. Kaufman, Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, Cornell University Press, 2001, p. 77.
^ Soviet Tells of Blocking Slaughter of Armenians: General Reports His Soldiers Have Suppressed Dozens of Massacre Attempts by Azerbaijanis. Los Angeles Times. 27 November 1988. Retrieved 24 August 2013
^ Committee on the elimination of discrimination against women
^ Europa World Year: Book 1 - Page 638, Taylor & Francis Group
^ Thomas de Waal: Black Garden - Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War. New York University Press, 2003, p. 90
^ Denber, Rachel; Goldman, Robert K. (1992). . Praeger Publishers. pp. 24–27. Bloodshed in the Caucasus: escalation of the armed conflict in Nagorno Karabakh ISBN 0-275-96241-5 . Retrieved . 2010-12-20
^ "Letter dated 20 May 2005 from the Permanent Representative of Azerbaijan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General" (PDF) . Retrieved . August 24, 2012
^ Letter from the Charge d'affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office. Retrieved 20 August 2013
^ Cox, Caroline and John Eibner. Ethnic Cleansing in Progress: War in Nagorno Karabakh. Zurich and Washington D.C.: Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World, p. 58, 1993.