List of massacres in Canada

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This is a list of events in Canada for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word massacres. Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history".Thomas W. Gallant definition of Massacres; deliberate slaughter of a large number of people in a violent way, especially when they cannot defend themselves.[1][2] The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Canada and its predecessors. Some events in which numerous individuals were wounded are also included.


Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Lachine massacre August 5, 1689 Lachine, Quebec 72 part of King William's War
Port-la-Joye Massacre July 11, 1746 Port-la-Joye, Ile St. Jean (Hillsborough River (Prince Edward Island)) 34 part of King George's War
Grand Pre Massacre February 10, 1747 Grand Pre, Nova Scotia 67 part of King George's War
Dartmouth Massacre May 13, 1751 Dartmouth, Nova Scotia 20 part of Father Le Loutre's War
Bloody Falls Massacre July 17, 1771 The location now known as Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park near Kugluktuk, Nunavut 20
Chilcotin War April 30, 1864 Bute Inlet, British Columbia 19
Cypress Hills massacre June 1, 1873 Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan 23 Mass Murder perpetrated by American bison and wolf hunters, and American and Canadian whisky traders and cargo haulers, against a camp of Assiniboine people. One of the main contributing reasons for the formation of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Black Donnellys massacre February 4, 1880 Lucan Biddulph, Ontario 5 Murder of five members of the Donnelly family by an armed mob, after which their farm was burned down. The event was the culmination of long-standing conflict between the family and other residents, none of the mob were ever convicted.
Frog Lake Massacre April 2, 1885 Frog Lake, Alberta 9 part of the North-West Rebellion
Shell Lake murders August 15, 1967 Shell Lake, Saskatchewan 9 Mass murder of nine members of the Peterson family on their farm, targeted randomly by Victor Ernest Hoffman.
Buffalo Narrows axe slayings January 30, 1969[3] Buffalo Narrows, Saskatchewan 7
Dale Nelson murders September 4, 1970 Creston, British Columbia 8 participated in cannibalism, necrophilia, and pedophilia
William Lepine (AKA William McConnell) murders August 28, 1972 Kettle Valley, British Columbia 6 After absconding from a secure psychiatric hospital, killed 6 people and injured 3 others using a .22-caliber rifle and a .30-caliber rifle. Attacks occurred at four difference locations in the Kettle Valley on a single day. Located and apprehended by police the next day. At trial, was found Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity on six counts of murder. Psychiatric evidence indicated that he suffered from schizophrenia with nihilistic delusions and believed he was chosen to save the world from a nuclear holocaust by killing the victims.[4][5][6][7]
Blue Bird Café Fire September 1, 1972 Montreal, Quebec 37 37 people murdered using arson. Fire intentionally started by Gilles Eccles, James O’Brien, Jean-Marc Boutin, using either gasoline or a Molotov Cocktail, after being refused entry to the café for being too drunk.
Brampton Centennial Secondary School shooting May 28, 1975 Brampton, Ontario 3 School Shooting
St. Pius X High School shooting October 27, 1975 Ottawa, Ontario 2 School Shooting, 5 injured, 1 killed prior to school incident
Wells Gray Provincial Park Family Murders August 2, 1982 Wells Gray Provincial Park, British Columbia 6 Three generations of a family were murdered by David Shearing 18 km (11.2 mi) North of Clearwater, British Columbia
National Assembly shootings May 8, 1984 Quebec City, Quebec 3 3 killed and 13 wounded in an attack on the Quebec National Assembly.
Lennoxville massacre March 24, 1985 Lennoxville, Quebec 5 part of the Quebec Biker war
École Polytechnique massacre December 6, 1989 Montreal, Quebec 15 Perpetrator killed 14 women and injured 14, before taking his own life. School Shooting.
Ontario Glove Factory murders February 3, 1992 Waterloo, Ontario 3 Patrick Dombroskie shot and killed boss and co-workers.
Sydney River McDonald's murders May 7, 1992 Sydney, Nova Scotia 3 1 disabled
Concordia University massacre August 24, 1992 Montreal, Quebec 4 School Shooting, 4 killed, 1 injured
Giant Mine bombing September 18, 1992 Yellowknife, Northwest Territories 9 48-year-old striking gold miner set explosives inside the mine, which killed nine strikebreaking workers.
Mark Chahal massacre April 6, 1996 Vernon, B.C. 9 Estranged husband murdered wedding party.
OC Transpo massacre April 6, 1999 Ottawa, Ontario 5 A former OC Transpo employee shot six people, killing four, in a shooting spree at OC Transpo's St. Laurent Boulevard garage, before killing himself. An inquest into the shooting revealed that the shooter had been the subject of bullying.[8][9]
W. R. Myers High School April 28, 1999 Taber, Alberta 1 School Shooting. 1 other injured.
Cruse family murders June 14, 2002 Grimsby, Ontario 5 Ex-boyfriend travelled from U.S. with handgun and killed ex-girlfriend, her parents, her 6-year-old child, and himself.[10]
Penticton Reserve Shooting October 30, 2004 Penticton Indian Reservation 3 After drinking 35 beers and snorting cocaine, Dustin Paul shot five friends and relatives while they were all partying at a campsite, killing three of them before slitting his own throat. Claiming in court that he heard a voice telling him to do it, Paul lived to be convicted of three counts of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted murder, and was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 16 years.[11][12]
Mayerthorpe tragedy March 3, 2005 Mayerthorpe, Alberta 5 James Roszko shot and killed 4 RCMP officers during a property seizure of his farm, he later turned the gun on himself.
Shedden massacre April 8, 2006 Shedden, Ontario 8 Gang related killing of own gang members.
Richardson family murders April 22, 2006 Medicine Hat, Alberta 3 12-year-old girl and her 23-year-old boyfriend killed girl's parents and 8-year-old brother.
Dawson College shooting September 13, 2006 Montreal, Quebec 2 School Shooting.
C. W. Jefferys Collegiate Institute May 23, 2007 Toronto, Ontario 1 School Shooting.[13]
Claresholm highway massacre December 15, 2011 Claresholm, Alberta 4 21-year-old man shot and killed his ex-girlfriend and two young men who were passengers in the same vehicle. The man also shot the female driver, before taking his own life.[14]
Danzig Street shooting July 16, 2012 West Hill, Toronto, Ontario 2 Mass shooting at a block party that left 2 dead and 23 injured.[15]
Les Racines de vie Montessori April 5, 2013 Gatineau, Quebec 2 School Shooting. Daycare worker killed, shooter committed suicide.[16]
2014 Calgary stabbing April 14, 2014 Calgary, Alberta 5 22-year old Matthew de Grood fatally stabbed five people at a party. He was subsequently found Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder on 5 counts of First Degree Murder.[17]
Moncton shooting June 4, 2014 Moncton, New Brunswick 3 24-year-old from Moncton, shot five armed officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), killing three and severely injuring two.[18]
2014 Edmonton killings December 29, 2014 Edmonton, Alberta 8 53-year-old Phu Lam shot and killed 7 in one Edmonton residence, then went to a home in south Edmonton where he killed Cyndi Duong because he found he was raising child that was not biologically his own. Phu Lam was found the next day after committing suicide in Fort Saskatchewan.
La Loche shootings January 22, 2016 La Loche, Saskatchewan 4 An unidentified 17-year-old student allegedly shot and killed two of his cousins at their home, then went to La Loche Community School and continued firing, killing a teacher and an assistant and wounding several others. School Shooting.
Scarborough crossbow attack August 25, 2016 Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario 3 35-year-old Brett Ryan[19] killed 3 people and wounded 2 others with a crossbow before being apprehended by police.
Quebec City mosque shooting January 29, 2017 Quebec City, Quebec 6

Single gunman killed 6 people and wounded 18 others.[20]

Toronto van attack April 23, 2018 North York, Toronto, Ontario 10

Single driver, Alek Minassian, killed 10 people and wounded 15 others in a vehicle-ramming attack.[21]

Danforth shooting July 22, 2018 Greektown, Toronto 3 (including the gunman) The 29-year-old gunman, Faisal Hussain, shot 14 people before either being shot by the police or a self-inflicted gunshot wound. An 18-year-old woman was pronounced dead after she was taken to the hospital from gunshot wounds, and a 10-year-old girl was also pronounced dead after being in critical condition after taken to hospital.[22]
Fredericton shooting August 10, 2018 Fredericton, New Brunswick 4 One suspect in custody believed to be responsible for a shooting that left at least four people dead, including two officers, in the New Brunswick capital.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gallant, Thomas W. (2001). "review of Levene, Roberts The Massacre in History". Crime, History & Societies. 5 (1).
  2. ^ "massacre." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. December 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Seven murder counts laid in northern axe deaths". The Phoenix. January 31, 1968. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  4. ^ "Arrow Lakes News, September 05, 2012". Issuu. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "The Bulletin - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  6. ^ "Ottawa Citizen - Google News Archivsuche". news.google.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  7. ^ "The Calgary Herald - Google News Archivsuche". news.google.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  8. ^ "Gunman opens fire in Ottawa, killing five". CBC News. April 6, 1999. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
  9. ^ "Workplace mistrust persists, 10 years after OC Transpo shooting: driver". CBC News. April 6, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
  10. ^ "Tragedy in Grimsby". Niagara This Week. June 25, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  11. ^ Fong, Petti. "Penticton murderer recalls hearing voices". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "Killer to serve at least 16 years for shootings on B.C. reserve". CBC News. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Teen dies after Toronto school shooting". CBC News. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  14. ^ The Canadian Press (December 15, 2012). "Claresholm Highway Murders: Anniversary Of Roadside Shooting That Claimed 4 Lives". Huffpost Alberta. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
  15. ^ Rush, Curtis; Poisson, Jayme; Powell, Betsy (November 8, 2012). "Danzig St. shooting: First-degree murder charges laid in July shootings". Toronto Star. Toronto Star Newspapers Limited. Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved June 4, 2017.
  16. ^ "Daycare worker shot in Gatineau identified as French man, 38". Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  17. ^ "Matthew de Grood found not criminally responsible in Brentwood murders". Global News. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  18. ^ "Moncton shootings: 3 RCMP officers dead, 2 wounded". CBC. Retrieved October 24, 2015.
  19. ^ "Man charged in Toronto crossbow killings is a convicted bank robber". cbc.ca. CBC. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  20. ^ "6 dead, 2 arrested after shooting at Quebec City mosque". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  21. ^ "9 dead, 16 injured after van strikes pedestrians in North York". CBC News. April 23, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
  22. ^ "Three dead, including shooter, 12 injured in Toronto mass shooting".
  23. ^ "Two police among dead in Canada shooting". BBC News. 2018-08-10. Retrieved 2018-09-18.