List of massacres in Canada

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This is a list of events in Canada for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word Massacres. Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history".Thomas W. Gallant definition of Massacres; deliberate slaughter of a large number of people in a violent way, especially when they cannot defend themselves.[1][2] The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Canada and its predecessors. Some events in which numerous individuals were wounded are also included.

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Lachine massacre August 5, 1689 Lachine, Quebec 72 part of King William's War
Port-la-Joye Massacre July 11, 1746 Port-la-Joye, Ile St. Jean (Hillsborough River (Prince Edward Island)) 34 part of King George's War
Grand Pre Massacre February 10, 1747 Grand Pre, Nova Scotia 67 part of King George's War
Dartmouth Massacre May 13, 1751 Dartmouth, Nova Scotia 20 part of Father Le Loutre's War
Bloody Falls Massacre July 17, 1771 The location now known as Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park near Kugluktuk, Nunavut 20
Chilcotin War April 30, 1864 Bute Inlet, British Columbia 19
Cypress Hills massacre June 1, 1873 Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan 23
Black Donnellys massacre February 4, 1880 Lucan Biddulph, Ontario 5
Frog Lake Massacre April 2, 1885 Frog Lake, Alberta 9 part of the North-West Rebellion
Shell Lake murders August 15, 1967 Shell Lake, Saskatchewan 9
Buffalo Narrows axe slayings 30 January 1969[3] Buffalo Narrows, Saskatchewan 7
Dale Nelson murders September 4, 1970 Creston, British Columbia 8 participated in cannibalism, necrophilia, and pedophilia
Blue Bird Café Fire Sep 1, 1972 Montreal, Quebec 37 37 people murdered using arson. Fire intentionally started by Gilles Eccles, James O’Brien, Jean-Marc Boutin, using either gasoline or a Molotov Cocktail, after being refused entry to the café for being too drunk.
Brampton Centennial Secondary School shooting May 28, 1975 Brampton, Ontario 3
National Assembly shootings May 8, 1984 Quebec City, Quebec 3 3 killed and 13 wounded in an attack on the Quebec National Assembly.
Lennoxville massacre March 24, 1985 Lennoxville, Quebec 5 part of the Quebec Biker war
École Polytechnique massacre December 6, 1989 Montreal, Quebec 15 Perpetrator killed 14 people and injured 14, before taking his own life.
Sydney River McDonald's murders May 7, 1992 Sydney, Nova Scotia 3 1 disabled
Concordia University massacre August 24, 1992 Montreal, Quebec 4 1 injured
Giant Mine bombing September 18, 1992 Yellowknife, Northwest Territories 9 48-year-old striking gold miner set explosives inside the mine, which killed nine strikebreaking workers.
Mark Chahal massacre April 6, 1996 Vernon, B.C. 9 Estranged husband murdered wedding party.
OC Transpo massacre April 6, 1999 Ottawa, Ontario 5 A former OC Transpo employee shot six people, killing four, in a shooting spree at OC Transpo's St. Laurent Boulevard garage, before killing himself. An inquest into the shooting revealed that the shooter had been the subject of bullying.[4][5]
Cruse family murders 14 June 2002 Grimsby, Ontario 5 Ex-boyfriend traveled from U.S. with handgun and killed ex-girlfriend, her parents, her 6-year-old child, and himself.[6]
Shedden massacre April 8, 2006 Shedden, Ontario 8 Gang related killing of own gang members.
Dawson College shooting September 13, 2006 Montreal, Quebec 2 School shooting.
Richardson family murders April 22, 2006 Medicine Hat, Alberta 3 12-year-old girl and her 23-year-old boyfriend killed girl's parents and 8-year-old son.
Claresholm highway massacre December 15, 2011 Claresholm, Alberta 4 21-year-old man shot and killed his ex-girlfriend and two young men who were passengers in the same vehicle. The man also shot the female driver, before taking his own life.[7]
2014 Moncton shootings June 4, 2014 Moncton, New Brunswick 3 24-year-old from Moncton, shot five armed officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), killing three and severely injuring two.[8]
La Loche shootings January 22, 2016 La Loche, Saskatchewan 4 An unidentified 17-year-old student allegedly shot and killed two of his cousins at their home, then went to La Loche Community School and continued firing, killing a teacher and an assistant and wounding several others.
Scarborough crossbow attack 25 August 2016 Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario 3 35-year-old Brett Ryan[9] killed 3 people and wounded 2 others with a crossbow before being apprehended by police.
Quebec City mosque shooting January 29, 2017 Quebec City, Quebec 6

Single gunman killed 6 people and wounded 18 others.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gallant, Thomas W. (2001). "review of Levene, Roberts The Massacre in History". Crime, History & Societies. 5 (1). 
  2. ^ "massacre." Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. December 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Seven murder counts laid in northern axe deaths". The Phoenix. January 31, 1968. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Gunman opens fire in Ottawa, killing five". CBC News. 1999-04-06. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  5. ^ "Workplace mistrust persists, 10 years after OC Transpo shooting: driver". CBC News. 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  6. ^ "Tragedy in Grimsby". Niagara This Week. June 25, 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  7. ^ The Canadian Press (December 15, 2012). "Claresholm Highway Murders: Anniversary Of Roadside Shooting That Claimed 4 Lives". Huffpost Alberta. The Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Moncton shootings: 3 RCMP officers dead, 2 wounded". CBC. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Man charged in Toronto crossbow killings is a convicted bank robber". cbc.ca. CBC. Retrieved August 26, 2016. 
  10. ^ "6 dead, 2 arrested after shooting at Quebec City mosque". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. January 20, 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.