List of massacres in Canada
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This is a list of events in Canada for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word massacres. Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history". Thomas W. Gallant definition of Massacres; deliberate slaughter of a large number of people in a violent way, especially when they cannot defend themselves. The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in Canada and its predecessors. Some events in which numerous individuals were wounded are also included.
- For single perpetrator events and shooting sprees, see Lists of rampage killers and Category:Spree shootings in Canada
- For school shootings, see Category:School shootings in Canada/Category:School killings in Canada
- For North American First Nations massacres, see List of American First Nations massacres.
- For terrorism, see Terrorism in Canada.
- For serial killers, see List of serial killers in Canada.
|Name||Date||Location||Dead / Injured / Captives||Mechanism of injury||Perpetrator suicide||Notes|
|Lachine massacre||August 5, 1689||Lachine, Quebec||est. 24 to 250||First Nations violence||na||Total population of Lachine estimated at 375. Part of King George's War|
|Port-la-Joye Massacre||July 11, 1746||Port-la-Joye, Île Saint-Jean. The location now known as Hillsborough River (Prince Edward Island).||34 / 0||First Nations violence||na||Acadian and Mi'kmaqs killed 34 unarmed British (27 soldiers and 7 sailors). Part of King George's War|
|Grand-Pré Massacre||February 10, 1747||Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia||67 / 0 / 40||Military and allies||na||Acadian and Mi'kmaqs took est. 40 prisoners after attack. Part of King George's War|
|Dartmouth Massacre||May 13, 1751||Dartmouth, Nova Scotia||bet. 7 and 20 / 0 / bet. 6 and 14||First Nations violence||na||One of seven raids by Mi'kmaqs on British and New England forces, usually very violence with deaths and scalpings. Part of Father Le Loutre's War|
|St. Francis Massacre||October 4, 1759||Odanak, Quebec||30–200 / unk / bet. 7 and 20||Military and allies||na||Raid by Robert Rogers' Rangers, which was pursued and depleted before crossing back into New England. Part of French and Indian War|
|Bloody Falls Massacre||July 17, 1771||The location now known as Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park near Kugluktuk, Nunavut||20||First Nations violence||na||Alleged massacre between indigenous peoples|
|Chilcotin War||April 30, 1864||Bute Inlet, British Columbia||19||First Nations violence||na||Massacre of road workers in a series of attacks by indigenous peoples|
|Cypress Hills massacre||June 1, 1873||Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan||23||Civilian violence||na||Mass murder perpetrated by American bison and wolf hunters, and American and Canadian whisky traders and cargo haulers, against a camp of Assiniboine people. One of the main contributing reasons for the formation of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.|
|Black Donnellys massacre||February 4, 1880||Lucan Biddulph, Ontario||5||Civilian violence||na||Murder of five members of the Donnelly family by an armed mob, after which their farm was burned down. The event was the culmination of long-standing conflict between the family and other residents, none of the mob were ever convicted.|
|Frog Lake Massacre||April 2, 1885||Frog Lake, Alberta||9||Military||na||part of the North-West Rebellion|
|Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 108||September 9, 1949||Sault-au-Cochon, Quebec||23||Explosives||No||Time bomb onboard DC-3 airliner plotted by Albert Guay to murder his spouse for the insurance payout.|
|Shell Lake murders||August 15, 1967||Shell Lake, Saskatchewan||9||Mass murder of nine members of the Peterson family on their farm, targeted randomly by Victor Ernest Hoffman.|
|Buffalo Narrows axe slayings||January 30, 1969||Buffalo Narrows, Saskatchewan||7||Axe||Seven members of the Pederson family were murdered with an axe in their beds by Frederick Moses McCallum.|
|Dale Nelson murders||September 4, 1970||Creston, British Columbia||8||Perpetrator engaged in cannibalism, necrophilia, and pedophilia|
|Kettle Valley shooting||August 28, 1972||Kettle Valley, British Columbia||6||Long gun||No||After absconding from a secure psychiatric hospital, 27-year-old William Bernard Lepine (also called William McConnell) killed 6 people and injured 3 others using a .22-calibre rifle and a .30-calibre rifle. Attacks occurred at four different locations in the Kettle Valley on a single day. Located and apprehended by police the next day. At trial, was found Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity on six counts of murder. Psychiatric evidence indicated that he suffered from schizophrenia with nihilistic delusions and believed he was chosen to save the world from a nuclear holocaust by killing the victims."|
|Blue Bird Café Fire||September 1, 1972||Montreal, Quebec||37||Arson||A fire was started in a stairwell of the building by 3 men.|
|St. Pius X High School shooting||October 27, 1975||Ottawa, Ontario||2||Long gun||Five injured, 1 killed prior to school incident|
|Wells Gray Provincial Park Family Murders||August 2, 1982||Wells Gray Provincial Park, British Columbia||6||Three generations of a family were murdered by David Shearing 18 km (11.2 mi) North of Clearwater, British Columbia|
|National Assembly shootings||May 8, 1984||Quebec City, Quebec||3||Stolen military||No||3 killed and 13 wounded in an attack on the Quebec National Assembly.|
|Lennoxville massacre||March 24, 1985||Lennoxville, Quebec||5||Long gun, hand guns||No||Part of the Quebec Biker war, 4 convicted of first degree murder|
|Air India Flight 182||June 23, 1985||Atlantic Ocean (WSW of Ireland)||329, of which 268 were Canadians||Explosives||No||Airline bombing of flight originating in Canada, as well as a second failed attack were part of terror plot. Suspects were eventually tried in Canada, one convicted.|
|Drinking Party Killings||July 29, 1988||Calgary, Alberta||4||Long gun||No||Russell Rafuse entered a North West Calgary residence and shot 5 people at a party, killing 4.|
|École Polytechnique massacre||December 6, 1989||Montreal, Quebec||15||Long gun||Yes||Perpetrator killed 14 women and injured 14, before taking his own life. School Shooting.|
|Ontario Glove Factory murders||February 3, 1992||Waterloo, Ontario||3||Long gun||Patrick Dombroskie shot and killed boss and co-workers.|
|Sydney River McDonald's murders||May 7, 1992||Sydney, Nova Scotia||3||Long gun||1 disabled|
|Concordia University massacre||August 24, 1992||Montreal, Quebec||4 / 1||Hand gun||No||School Shooting, 4 killed, 1 injured|
|Giant Mine bombing||September 18, 1992||Yellowknife, Northwest Territories||9||Explosives||No||48-year-old striking gold miner set explosives inside the mine, which killed nine strikebreaking workers.|
|Mark Chahal massacre||April 6, 1996||Vernon, B.C.||9||Estranged husband murdered wedding party.|
|OC Transpo massacre||April 6, 1999||Ottawa, Ontario||5||Long gun||Yes||A former OC Transpo employee shot six people, killing four, in a shooting spree at OC Transpo's St. Laurent Boulevard garage, before killing himself. An inquest into the shooting revealed that the shooter had been the subject of bullying.|
|W. R. Myers High School||April 28, 1999||Taber, Alberta||1||School Shooting. 1 other injured.|
|Cruse family murders||June 14, 2002||Grimsby, Ontario||5||Hand gun||Yes||Ex-boyfriend James Kiss, 30, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, travelled from U.S. with a .45-calibre Glock pistol and killed his ex-girlfriend, her parents, her 6-year-old child, and himself.|
|Penticton Reserve Shooting||October 30, 2004||Penticton Indian Reservation||3||Long gun||Attempted||After drinking 35 beers and snorting cocaine, Dustin Paul shot five friends and relatives while they were all partying at a campsite, killing three of them before slitting his own throat. Claiming in court that he heard a voice telling him to do it, Paul lived to be convicted of three counts of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted murder, and was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 16 years.|
|Mayerthorpe tragedy||March 3, 2005||Mayerthorpe, Alberta||5||Long gun||Yes||James Roszko shot and killed 4 RCMP officers during a property seizure of his farm, he later turned the gun on himself.|
|Aurora Massacre||March 5, 2006||Aurora, Ontario||3||Blunt force||John LaFleche of Aurora, Ontario, beat his two children to death in their beds with a baseball bat ""to spare them from becoming wards of the Children's Aid Society"" after he murdered their mother earlier that day because he had heard her speaking sexually on the phone with another man.|
|Shedden massacre||April 8, 2006||Shedden, Ontario||8||Multiple firearms||na||Gang killing of own gang members.|
|Richardson family murders||April 22, 2006||Medicine Hat, Alberta||3||Shooting||No||12-year-old girl and her 23-year-old boyfriend killed girl's parents and 8-year-old brother.|
|Dawson College shooting||September 13, 2006||Montreal, Quebec||2||Long gun||School Shooting.|
|Surrey Six murders||October 19, 2007||Surrey, British Columbia||6||No||Members of a drug gang executed a rival dealer and three of his associates, as well as two innocent bystanders. The resulting violence eventually culminated in the 2009 Vancouver gang war."|
|Claresholm highway massacre||December 15, 2011||Claresholm, Alberta||4||Yes||21-year-old man shot and killed his ex-girlfriend and two young men who were passengers in the same vehicle. The man also shot the female driver, before taking his own life.|
|Eaton Centre Shooting||June 2, 2012||Toronto, Canada||2||No||Gang member open fires in the mall food court as an act of revenge for a former stabbing, killing 2 and injuring 6 others.|
|Danzig Street shooting||July 16, 2012||Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario||2||Hand gun||No||Mass gang shooting at a block party that left 2 dead and 23 injured.|
|Les Racines de vie Montessori||April 5, 2013||Gatineau, Quebec||2||Hand gun||Yes||** Not a massacre by the definition shown at beginning of article. School Shooting. Daycare worker killed, shooter committed suicide."|
|2014 Calgary stabbing||April 14, 2014||Calgary, Alberta||5||Knife||No||22-year old Matthew de Grood fatally stabbed five people at a party. He was subsequently found Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder on 5 counts of First Degree Murder.|
|2014 Nanaimo Shooting||April 30, 2014||Nanaimo, British Columbia||2||Long gun||A former employee opened fire with a shotgun at a Western Forest Products mill, killing two employees and wounding two others.|
|Moncton shooting||June 4, 2014||Moncton, New Brunswick||3||Long gun||No||24-year-old from Moncton, shot five armed officers from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), killing three and severely injuring two.|
|2014 Edmonton killings||December 29, 2014||Edmonton, Alberta||8||Yes||53-year-old Phu Lam shot and killed 7 in one Edmonton residence, then went to a home in south Edmonton where he killed Cyndi Duong because he found he was raising a child that was not biologically his own. Phu Lam was found the next day after committing suicide in Fort Saskatchewan.|
|La Loche shootings||January 22, 2016||La Loche, Saskatchewan||4 / 7||Long gun||No||A 17-year-old student, whose identity is protected by youth justice publication ban, convicted of killing two of his cousins at their home, then going to La Loche Community School and continued firing, killing a teacher and an assistant, and wounding seven others. School Shooting.|
|Scarborough crossbow attack||August 25, 2016||Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario||3||Crossbow||No||35-year-old Brett Ryan killed 3 people and wounded 2 others with a crossbow before being apprehended by police.|
|Quebec City mosque shooting||January 29, 2017||Quebec City, Quebec||6||Handgun||No||Alexandre Bissonnette (a former University of Laval student) killed 6 people and wounded 18 others at the Islamic Cultural Centre of Quebec City.|
|Toronto van attack||April 23, 2018||North York, Toronto, Ontario||10||Vehicle||No||Single driver, Alek Minassian killed 10 people and wounded 15 others in a vehicle-ramming attack at Yonge Street, North York City Centre.|
|Danforth shooting||July 22, 2018||Greektown, Toronto||3 (including the gunman)||Hand gun||Yes||The 29-year-old gunman, Faisal Hussain, shot 10 people before fatally shooting himself. An 18-year-old woman was pronounced dead after she was taken to the hospital from gunshot wounds, and a critically injured 10-year-old girl was also pronounced dead after being taken to hospital."|
|Fredericton shooting||August 10, 2018||Fredericton, New Brunswick||4||Long gun||No||48-year-old accused, Matthew Vincent Raymond, shot 4 people, 2 civilians Bobbie-Lee Wright and Donnie Robichaud, along with officers Robb Costello and Sara Burns.|
|Salmon Arm Church of Christ shooting||April 14, 2019||Salmon Arm, British Columbia||1 / 1 / 0||Shooting||No||Matrix Savage Gathergood, 25, was charged with first-degree murder of Gordon Parmenter, aggravated assault and disguise with intent to commit an indictable offence in connection with the shooting on April 15.|
|Penticton shootings||April 15, 2019||Penticton, British Columbia||4||Long gun||No||Four people killed in three different locations by a man reported to have used a rifle, and who immediately turned himself in to police.|
|2019 Northern British Columbia murders||July 14-19, 2019||British Columbia||3||Long gun||Yes||An Australian and an American tourist were found dead. Five days later, another man was found dead. On July 23, the RCMP initiated a country-wide manhunt for the two outstanding suspects. On August 7, two bodies, later identified as the suspects, were found in dense brush near the Nelson River in Manitoba. Autopsies and press conference reported death by suicide.|
|2019 Markham home massacre||July 28, 2019||Markham, Ontario||4||Knife||No||23-year-old Menhaz Zaman is charged after allegedly killing four family members by cutting their throats in a Markham home.|
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