List of massacres in China

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in China (numbers may be approximate or exaggerated):

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Guangzhou massacre 878–879 Guangzhou 120,000 Foreign merchants (Muslim Arabs, Muslim Persians, Zoroastrian Persians, Christians, and Jews) were killed
Ningbo Massacre 1542 Ningbo 3000 Portuguese were killed
Sichuan Massacres 1644-1646 Sichuan Province depopulated (only 18,000 survived from 6 million) Massacres carried out by Zhang Xianzhong
Yangzhou massacre 1645 Yangzhou As many as 800,000
Three massacres in Jiading 1645 Jiading 20,000–500,000
Jiangyin massacre 1645 Jiangyin 60,000–100,000
Fujian massacre 1647 Fujian 150,000
Guangzhou massacre 1650 Guangzhou 100,000-700,000 According to the Ming record census Guangzhou had a population of only 400,000, the right estimate would be 100,000
Chaozhou massacre 1653 Chaozhou More than 50,000 people
Shantou village massacre 1657 Gull Ting Village More than 50,000 people
Ningpo Massacre 1800s Ningbo 40 Cantonese pirates supported by the Qing massacred 40 Portuguese pirates
Dungan Revolt 1862–1877 mostly Gansu, Shaanxi at least 8 million, mostly Han Chinese Some Muslim generals, most infamous of all Bai Yanhu, attempted to create a Muslim Caliphate state in Northwest China, hence the massacre.
Port Arthur massacre 1894, November 21 Lüshunkou, Liaoning 1000–20,000
Kucheng Massacre 1895, August 1 Gutian, Fujian 11
Taiyuan Massacre 1900, July Taiyuan, Shanxi
Shanghai massacre of 1927 1927, April 12 Shanghai 300–400 5000 missing
Changsha massacre 1927, May Changsha At least 10,000
Jinan massacre 1928, May Jinan At least 6,000
Kizil massacre 1933, June near Kashgar, Xinjiang 800
Nanking Massacre 1937, December 13 Nanjing 40,000–300,000 The death toll is disputed, ranging from some Japanese claims of several hundred,[1] to the Chinese claim of a non-combatant death toll of 300,000.[2] Most other nations believe the death toll to be between 150,000–300,000, based on the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal verdict, and another estimate of the civilian toll (excluding soldiers and POWs) is about 40,000–60,000, which corresponds to the figures from three sources.[3]
Changjiao massacre 1943, May 9–12 Changjiao, Hunan 30,000
Daoxian massacre 1967, August 13–October 17 Daoxian, Hunan 4519 Only one typical massacre in the Great Cultural Revolution.
Tiananmen incident massacre 1989, June 4 Beijing 241–10,000 Somewhere between 241 and 10,000 civilians were killed. The Red Cross states that around 2,600 died and the official Chinese government figure is 241 dead with 7,000 wounded. Amnesty International's estimates puts the number of deaths at several hundred to close to 1,000. NATO intelligence reported around 7,000 and the Soviet Union reported around 10,000.
Ghulja Incident 1997, February 5 Ghulja, Xinjiang 9–167
Kunming massacre 2014, March 1 Kunming 33 (including four perpetrators)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Masaaki Tanaka claims that very few citizens were killed, and that the massacre is in fact a fabrication in his book “Nankin gyakusatsu” no kyokō (The "Nanking Massacre" as Fabrication).
  2. ^ "Why the past still separates China and Japan" Robert Marquand (August 20, 2001) Christian Science Monitor. States an estimate of 300,000 dead.
  3. ^ "''The Nanking Atrocities: Fact and Fable''". Wellesley.edu. Retrieved 2011-03-06.