List of massacres in the Croatian War of Independence

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in the Croatian War of Independence. Numbers may be approximate.

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Tenja massacre July 1991 Tenja 29 Members of the Serbian Volunteer Guard killed 29 Croat civilians and POWs in the village of Tenja.[1]
Operation Stinger 26-27 July 1991 Banovina 22 Forces of the SAO Krajina, an unrecognized Croatian Serb region, killed 22 Croat civilians as well as captured policemen in Glina, Kozibrod and Struga, where the rebel Serb forces employed a human shield consisting of Croat civilians taken from their homes in Struga and the nearby village of Zamlača.
Struga and Kuljani killings 26 July 1991 Struga and Kuljani, near Dvor 17 Rebel Serb forces killed seventeen Croat civilians in Struga and Kuljani, near Dvor. This is reportedly believed to be the first mass-killings of civilians during the Croatian War of Independence.[2]
Aljmaš massacre August 1991 Aljmaš 58 JNA and Serb paramilitaries killed 58 Croat civilians.[3]
Osijek killings August 1991-December 1991 Osijek 11 Serb civilians killed by Croat paramilitaries, led by Branimir Glavaš.[4]
Dalj massacre 1 August 1991-May 1992 Dalj 135 SAO and TO forces target Croatian police and ZNG POWs, Croat and Hungarian civilians.
Lovinac massacre 8 August 1991 Lovinac 5 SAO Krajina paramilitary units massacred 5 elderly Croat civilians in Lovinac.[5]
Pakrac killings 19 August 1991-1992 Pakrac municipality 176 Croats killed by JNA and Serb paramilitary groups during the occupation of Pakrac and surrounding areas.[6]
Blinjski Kut massacre 22 August 1991 Blinjski Kut and neighbouring villages 15 ZNG forces killed 15 Serb civilians.[7]
Četekovac massacre 3 September 1991 Četekovac 21 Twenty-one Croat civilians massacred by Serb forces.[8]
Sajmište killings 5 September 1991 Sajmište [hr],Vukovar 120 JNA and Serb paramilitaries killed 120 Croat civilians after seizing the Sajmište suburb, during the Battle of Vukovar.[9]
Korana massacre 13 September 1991 Korana, near Karlovac 13 Croat forces massacre thirteen Serb POWs over the Korana bridge, near Karlovac.[10]
Svinjarevci massacre 22 September 1991 Svinjarevci 34 Thirty-four Croat civilians killed by the JNA and Serb paramilitaries.[11]
Tovarnik massacre 22 September 1991 Tovarnik 68 JNA forces massacred 68 Croat civilians after capturing the village of Tovarnik in September 1991.[12]
Antin massacre 29 September 1991 Antin and Korođ 27 A civilian[clarification needed] refugee column, fleeing a JNA attack, was deliberately shelled between the villages of Antin and Korođ.[13]
Berak killings October 1991 Berak, Croatia 56 Fifty-six Croats killed by Serb forces throughout October 1991, during the Battle of Vukovar.[14]
Baćin massacre 21 October 1991-February 1992 Baćin, near Hrvatska Dubica 118 SAO Krajina paramilitaries killed 118 civilians, apart from Croats two Serbs.
Tordinci massacre 25 October 1991 Tordinci 22 Twenty-two Croat civilians massacred by the 12th Proletarian Mechanised Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army, supported by Serb Paramilitaries[15]
Glinska Poljana massacre 27 October 1991 Glinska Poljana 13 Serb paramilitaries killed 13 Croat civilians.[16]
Bogdanovci killings 2 October-10 November 1991 Bogdanovci, near Vukovar Disputed Croatia alleged 87 Croats were killed in the predominantly Croat village of Bogdanovci, approximately 8 km south-east of Vukovar, during and after the attacks carried out on the village on 2 October and 10 November 1991 by the JNA and Serb forces. However, "Taking account of Serbia’s admission (see paragraph 228 above) and the evidence put before it, the Court concludes that a number of Croats were killed by the JNA and Serb forces in Bogdanovci on both 2 October and 10 November 1991, although it is unable to determine the exact number."[17]
Novo Selo Glinsko massacre 3 and 16 October 1991 Novo Selo Glinsko, near Glina 32 SAO Krajina forces massacred thirty-two Croat civilians in two separate incidents in October 1991, in the village of Novo Selo Glinsko, near Glina.[18]
Lovas killings 10–18 October 1991 Lovas and Opatovac 70 Serb forces killed 70 Croats in the village of Lovas.[citation needed]
Pakračka Poljana massacre October 1991 Pakračka Poljana, near Pakrac 22 Croat forces massacred at least 22 Serb civilians and POWs.[19]
Široka Kula massacre 13 October 1991 Široka Kula, near Gospić 41 SAO Krajina police force massacre of Croat civilians in the village of Široka Kula.[citation needed]
Gospić massacre 16–18 October 1991 Gospić c. 100 About 100 Serb civilians massacred by Croatian forces over a period of several days in October 1991.[20]
Bapska killings October-November 1991 Bapska 17 SAO Krajina forces killed 17 Croats.[21]
Lužac massacre 2 November 1991 Lužac, near Vukovar 59 Members of the Serbian Paramilitary group, Arkan's Tigers, and JNA forces killed 59 Croat civilians in Lužac, during the Battle of Vukovar[22]
Murder of the Zec family 7 November 1991 Zagreb 3 Ethnic Serb family of three murdered by five Croatian militiamen; two family members survived. The murderers were apprehended, but released after a controversial court decision in 1992. The Croatian government agreed to compensate the surviving family members in a 2004 court settlement.[23]
Saborsko massacre 12 November 1991 Saborsko 29 Serb paramilitaries kill 29 Croats in the village of Saborsko.[24]
Kostrići massacre 15 November 1991 Kostrići 16 Serb paramilitary unit killed 16 Croats.
Majur massacres 15 November 1991 Majur, Graboštani and Stubalj 38 On the same day the Kostrići massacre occurred, the same Serb paramilitary unit massacred another 38 Croat civilians in the nearby villages of Majur, Graboštani and Stubalj.[25]
Škabrnja massacre 18 November 1991 Škabrnja and Nadin 67 Serb paramilitaries killed 48 Croat civilians[26] and five Croatian POWs in the village of Škabrnja,[27] and 14 civilians in the village of Nadin.[28]
Vukovar massacre 20 November 1991 Vukovar 264 A mostly Croatian group of 263 men and 1 woman (including civilians and POWs), of whom 194 have been identified, were murdered by members of the Serb militias following the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) withdrawal from Ovčara after it brought those patients there from the Vukovar hospital.[29][30]
Požega killings 10 December 1991 Čečavac, Čečavački Vučjak, Jeminovac, Ruševac and Šnjegavić,near Požega 41 Croat forces killed 41 Serb civilians across several Serb villages near Požega.[31]
Paulin Dvor massacre 11 December 1991 Paulin Dvor, near Osijek 19 Croatian Army soldiers massacred eighteen Serbs and one Hungarian in the village of Paulin Dvor.[citation needed]
Gornje Jame massacre 11 December 1991 Gornje Jame 16 16 civilians (15 Croats and 1 Serb) killed by Šiltovi Serbian paramilitary unit.[citation needed]
Voćin massacre 13 December 1991 Voćin 43 43 Croat civilians massacred by White Eagles paramilitaries during Operation Papuk-91.[32]
Bokane massacre 13 December 1991 Bokane, Krašković, Miokovićevo and Zvečevo 20 On the same day of the Voćin massacre, the same White Eagles paramilitaries killed another 20 Croat civlians during their retreat through neighbouring villages south of Voćin.[33]
Joševica massacre 16 December 1991 Joševica 21 Serb paramilitaries killed 21 Croatian civilians killed reportedly in retaliation for Serb losses sustained in Operation Whirlwind.[34]
Lađevac killings 21 December 1991-June 1993 Donji Lađevac and Gornji Lađevac 20 Series of abuses and killings of Croat civilians, who remained in the Donji and Gornji Lađevac villages, by SAO Krajina paramilitaries.[35]
Bruška massacre 21 December 1991 Bruška 10 Ten Croatian civilians killed by Republic of Serbian Krajina forces.[36]
Erdut killings 10 November 1991 – 3 June 1992 Erdut 37 A series of killings of 37 Croat and Hungarian civilians by local SAO forces and Serb Volunteer Guard paramilitaries.[37]
Petrinja killings September 1991–June 1992 Petrinja c. 250 After the fall of Petrinja to Serb forces in September 1991, as many as 250 Croat civilians and POWs were killed during the occupation.[38]
Sisak killings July 1991-June 1992 Sisak 24-107 Illegal detainment, torture and killings of at least 24 Serbian civilians from Sisak by members of the Croatian Army and police forces. Other reports claim that up to 107 Serbian civilians were murdered or disappeared during this time period[39]
Sotin massacre 26 December 1991 Sotin 32-64 Thirty-two Croat civilians massacred by Croatian Serb militia and Territorial Defense. A further thirty-two civilians are declared missing and are presumed to have been killed by Serb forces later into the occupation.[40]
Banski Kovačevac massacre 20 March 1992 Banski Kovačevac, near Karlovac 15 Croat civilians killed by Serb paramilitaries.[41]
Grabovac massacre 4 May 1992 Grabovac 5 Serbia's Red Berets special forces abducted and killed three men and two women. They were initially buried in Tikveš, before the bodies were moved to conceal the killings.[42][43]
Slavonski Brod shelling 15 July 1992 Slavonski Brod 12 12 Bosniak refugees killed after their accommodation at a stadium in Slavonski Brod was shelled by the Army of the Republika Srpska.[44]
Medviđa massacre 9 February 1993 Medviđa, near Benkovac 18 Eighteen Croat civilians killed by Serb forces, allegedly in retaliation for the Croatian Army offensive- Operation Maslenica[45]
Solin rocket attack 14 June 1993 Biograd na Moru 5 killed, 7 wounded Republic of Serbian Krajina forces fired M-87 Orkan cluster rockets at the Solin beach in Biograd na Moru, killing 5 and wounding 7 civilians[46]
Operation Medak Pocket 9-17 September 1993 near Gospić 36 (ICTY estimate) Serb civilians killed by Croat forces during and after Operation Medak Pocket.[47]
Medari massacre 1 May 1995 Medari, near Okučani 22 HV forces killed 22 Serb civilians during Operation Flash.[48]
Zagreb rocket attacks 2-3 May 1995 Zagreb 7 killed, 214 wounded Republic of Serbian Krajina forces used multiple rocket launchers, fitted with cluster munitions, to strike civilian-populated areas of Zagreb on the 2 and 3 May 1995, in retaliation for the Croatian Army offensive- Operation Flash. Part of the ICTY conviction of Milan Martić and Momčilo Perišić[49]
Golubić massacre August 1995 Golubić 18 Serb civlians killed by Croat forces during and after Operation Storm.[50]
Donji Lapac killings August 1995 Donji Lapac 20 20 Serb civilians massacred by Croat forces after Operation Storm. Part of the ICTY indictment of Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markač[51]
Biskupija massacre August 1995 Biskupija, near Knin 15 Fifteen Serb civilians massacred by Croat forces in the aftermath of Operation Storm[52]
Uzdolje massacre 5-8 August 1995 Uzdolje, near Knin 10 10 Serb civilians massacred by Croat forces in the aftermath of Operation Storm.[53]
Dvor massacre 8 August 1995 Dvor 9 Nine elderly and disabled Serb civilians massacred by Croat forces in the aftermath of Operation Storm.[54]
Grubori massacre 25 August 1995 Grubori, near Knin 6 6 Serb civilians massacred by the Lučko Anti-Terrorist Unit in the aftermath of Operation Storm.[55]
Kistanje massacre 10-27 August 1995 Kistanje, near Knin 13 Croat forces massacre thirteen mostly elderly Serbian civilians in the aftermath of Operation Storm, throughout August 1995[56]
Varivode massacre 28 September 1995 Varivode 9 Croat soldiers massacred nine elderly Serb civilians in the village of Varivode, although the war was over.[57]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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