List of massacres in the Croatian War of Independence

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in the Croatian War of Independence. Numbers may be approximate.

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Berak killings October 1991 Berak, Croatia 56 Fifty-six Croats killed by Serb forces over a period of around 3 months, during and after the Battle of Vukovar[1]
Baćin massacre 21 October 1991-February 1992 Baćin, near Hrvatska Dubica 118 Serb paramilitaries massacred 118 Croats in the village of Baćin, near Hrvatska Dubica[2]
Bogdanovci killings 2 October-10 November 1991 Bogdanovci, near Vukovar Disputed Croatia alleged 87 Croats were killed in the predominantly Croat village of Bogdanovci, approximately 8 km south-east of Vukovar, during and after the attacks carried out on the village on 2 October and 10 November 1991 by the JNA and Serb forces. However, "Taking account of Serbia’s admission (see paragraph 228 above) and the evidence put before it, the Court concludes that a number of Croats were killed by the JNA and Serb forces in Bogdanovci on both 2 October and 10 November 1991, although it is unable to determine the exact number."[3]
Murder of the Zec family 7 November 1991 Zagreb 3 Ethnic Serb family of three murdered by five Croatian militiamen; two family members survived. The murderers were apprehended, but released after a controversial court decision in 1992. The Croatian government agreed to compensate the surviving family members in a 2004 court settlement.[4]
Bruška massacre 21 December 1991 Bruška 10 Ten Croatian civilians killed by Republic of Serbian Krajina forces.[5]
Četekovac massacre 3 September 1991 Četekovac 21 Twenty-one Croat civilians massacred by Serb forces.[6]
Dalj massacre September 1991-May 1992 Dalj 135 Serb forces killed at least 135 non-Serbian civilians and POWs in and around Dalj during its occupation between the months of September 1991 and May 1992[7]
Donji Lapac killings August 1995 Donji Lapac 20 20 Serb civilians massacred by Croat forces after Operation Storm. Part of the ICTY indictment of Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markač[8]
Erdut massacre November 1991 – February 1992 Erdut 37 A series of murders of 37 Croat and Hungarian civilians by Croatian Serb forces and Serb Volunteer Guard paramilitaries.[9]
Novo Selo Glinsko massacre 3 and 16 October 1991 Novo Selo Glinsko, near Glina 32 Rebel Serb forces massacred thirty-two Croat civilians in two separate incidents in October 1991, in the village of Novo Selo Glinsko, near Glina.[10]
Gospić massacre 16–18 October 1991 Gospić c. 100 About 100 Serb civilians massacred by Croatian forces over a period of several days in October 1991.[11]
Medviđa massacre 9 February 1993 Medviđa, near Benkovac 18 Eighteen Croat civilians killed by Serb forces, allegedly in retaliation for the Croatian Army offensive- Operation Maslenica[12]
Petrinja killings September 1991-June 1992 Petrinja c. 250 After the fall of Petrinja to Serb forces in September 1991, as many as 250 Croat civilians and POWs were killed during the occupation[13]
Saborsko massacre 12 November 1991 Saborsko 29 Serb paramilitaries kill 29 Croats in the village of Saborsko[14]
Sisak killings July 1991-June 1992 Sisak 24-100 Illegal detainment, torture and killings of at least 24 Serbian civilians from Sisak by members of the Croatian Army and police forces. Other reports claim as many as 100 additional Serbian civilians were also murdered during this time period[15]
Sotin massacre 26 December 1991 Sotin 32-64 Thirty-two Croat civilians massacred by Croatian Serb militia and Yugoslav Army Territorial Defense Forces. A further thirty-two civilians are declared missing and are presumed to have been killed by Serb forces later into the occupation[16]
Kistanje massacre 10-27 August 1995 Kistanje, near Knin 13 Croat forces massacre thirteen mostly elderly Serbian civilians in the aftermath of Operation Storm, throughout August 1995[17]
Korana massacre 13 September 1991 Korana, near Karlovac 13 Croat forces massacre thirteen Serb POWs over the Korana bridge, near Karlovac.[18]
Kostrići massacre 15 November 1991 Kostrići, Majur, Graboštani and Stubalj 54 Serb paramilitaries massacred sixteen Croat civilians in Kostrići[19][20] and 38 Croat civilians from the nearby villages of Majur, Graboštani and Stubalj.[21]
Lužac massacre 2 November 1991 Lužac, near Vukovar 59 Members of the Serbian Paramilitary group, Arkan's Tigers, and JNA forces killed 59 Croat civilians in Lužac, during the Battle of Vukovar[22]
Škabrnja massacre 18 November 1991 Škabrnja and Nadin 67 Serb paramilitaries killed 48 Croat civilians[23] and five Croatian POWs in the village of Škabrnja,[24] and 14 civilians in the village of Nadin.[25]
Struga and Kuljani killings 26 July 1991 Struga and Kuljani, near Dvor 17 Rebel Serb forces killed seventeen Croat civilians in Struga and Kuljani, near Dvor. This is reportedly believed to be the first mass-killings of civilians during the Croatian War of Independence.[26]
Vukovar massacre 20 November 1991 Vukovar 264 A mostly Croatian group of 263 men and 1 woman (including civilians and POWs), of whom 194 have been identified, were murdered by members of the Serb militias following the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) withdrawal from Ovčara after it brought those patients there from the Vukovar hospital.[27][28]
Grabovac massacre 4 May 1992 Grabovac 5 Serbia's Red Berets special forces abducted and killed three men and two women. They were initially buried in Tikveš, before the bodies were moved to conceal the killings.[29][30]
Gornje Jame massacre 11 December 1991 Gornje Jame 16 16 civilians (15 Croats and 1 Serb) killed by Šiltovi Serbian paramilitary unit.[citation needed]
Voćin massacre 13 December 1991 Voćin 43 43 Croat civilians massacred by White Eagles paramilitaries during Operation Papuk-91.[31]
Joševica massacre 16 December 1991 Joševica 21 Serb paramilitaries killed 21 Croatian civilians killed reportedly in retaliation for Serb losses sustained in Operation Whirlwind.[32]
Lovas killings 10–18 October 1991 Lovas and Opatovac 70 Serb forces killed 70 Croats in the village of Lovas.[citation needed]
Pakračka Poljana massacre October 1991 Pakračka Poljana, near Pakrac 22 Croat forces massacred at least 22 Serb civilians and POWs[33]
Paulin Dvor massacre 11 December 1991 Paulin Dvor, near Osijek 19 Croatian Army soldiers massacred eighteen Serbs and one Hungarian in the village of Paulin Dvor.[citation needed]
Široka Kula massacre 13 October 1991 Široka Kula, near Gospić, Croatia 41 Name given to a series of October massacres in which all victims were found in the same pit. Croatian Serb SAO Krajina police generally targeted ethnic Croat civilians in Široka Kula in retaliation for the Gospić massacre.[citation needed]
Svinjarevci massacre 22 September 1991 Svinjarevci 34 Thirty-four Croat civilians killed by the JNA and Serb paramilitaries.[34]
Tenja massacre July 1991 Tenja 29 Members of the Serbian Volunteer Guard killed 29 Croat civilians and POWs in the village of Tenja[35]
Tovarnik massacre 22 September 1991 Tovarnik, Croatia 68 JNA forces massacred 68 Croat civilians after capturing the village of Tovarnik in September 1991.[36]
Tordinci massacre 25 October 1991 Tordinci 22 Twenty-two Croat civilians massacred by the 12th Proletarian Mechanised Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army, supported by Serb Paramilitaries[37]
Biskupija massacre August 1995 Biskupija, near Knin 15 Fifteen Serb civilians massacred by Croat forces in the aftermath of Operation Storm[38]
Varivode massacre 28 September 1995 Varivode 9 Croat soldiers massacred nine elderly Serb civilians in the village of Varivode, although the war was over.[39]
Zagreb rocket attacks 2-3 May 1995 Zagreb 7 killed, 214 wounded Republic of Serbian Krajina forces used multiple rocket launchers, fitted with cluster munitions, to strike civilian-populated areas of Zagreb on the 2 and 3 May 1995, in retaliation for the Croatian Army offensive- Operation Flash. Part of the ICTY conviction of Milan Martić and Momčilo Perišić[40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vjesnik Hrvati u Berku će prosvjedovati sve do podizanja optužnica
  2. ^ "The Prosecutor vs. Milan Martic – Judgement" (PDF). International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 12 June 2007. pp. 67–69. 
  3. ^ "ICJ: Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia), page 77" (PDF). Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "Impunity for unlawful killings and extrajudicial executions allegedly committed by members of the Croatian Army and police forces". A shadow on Croatia's future: Continuing impunity for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Amnesty International/UNHCR. 13 December 2004. pp. 9–10. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  5. ^ ICTY vs Milan Babic, un.org; accessed 19 December 2016.
  6. ^ Marcikić, M; Kraus, Z; Dmitrović, B; Mosunjac, M; Marusić, A (3 September 1991). "Civilian Massacre near Podravska Slatina". Lijec Vjesn. 113: 208–10. PMID 1762479. 
  7. ^ "BBC News: Milosevic Indictment Text". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "The Prosecutor of the Tribunal against Slobodan Milosevic (p. 53, 54, 56, 57, 58)" (PDF). ICTY. 2001. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Mile Paspalj uhićen zbog ratnog zločina u Glinskom Novom Selu". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  11. ^ Goldstein, Ivo (1999). Croatia: A History. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-7735-2017-2. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Zadarski List:Najmlađa žrtva je imala 18, a najstarija 88 godina". 
  13. ^ "Pad Petrinje pod napadom JNA i paravojske – 21. rujna 1991". 
  14. ^ ICTY 6 November 2003, p. 3.
  15. ^ "Sisak: Witness Reported Ljubica Solar's Death". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "U masovnoj grobnici kod Sotina pronađena tri tijela". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Goldstein, Ivo (1999). Croatia: A History. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-7735-2017-2. 
  19. ^ "Dvadeseta obljetnica zločina u Kostrićima". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "Dva krajinska milicajca iz Dvora kazneno prijavljena zbog ratnog zločina, 7. studenoga 2011". Slobodna Dalmacija. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  21. ^ "Obilježavanje Dana sjećanja na žrtve Domovinskog rata". 
  22. ^ "2. studenoga 1991. Vukovar – pad Lušca i pokolj 59 Hrvata" (in Croatian). Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  23. ^ "Škabrnja obilježava 23. godišnjicu tragedije" [Škabrnja Marks the 23rd Anniversary of the Tragedy] (in Croatian). Zagreb, Croatia: Nova TV (Croatia). HINA. 17 November 2014. 
  24. ^ "Prosecutor v. Milan Martić – Public Judgement" (PDF). The Hague, Netherlands: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 8 October 2008. p. 72. 
  25. ^ Mišković, Jure (19 November 2013). "Uz jaku kišu održan mimohod Benkovac – Nadin – Škabrnja" [Benkovac–Nadin–Škabrnja Procession Held in Heavy Rain]. Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). Split, Croatia. 
  26. ^ Goldstein, Ivo (1999). Croatia: A History. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-7735-2017-2. 
  27. ^ "Serb leader apologises for Croatian massacre". Euronews. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  28. ^ "Final report of the United Nations Commission of Experts established pursuant to security council resolution 780 (1992) – Mass graves – Ovcara". United Nations. 28 December 1994. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  29. ^ Cencich, John R. (2013). The Devil's Garden: A War Crimes Investigator's Story. Lincoln, Nebraska: Potomac Books. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-61234-172-9. 
  30. ^ "The Prosecutor of the Tribunal Against Goran Hadžić - Second Amended Indictment" (PDF). International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. 22 March 2012. p. 12. 
  31. ^ Duijzings, Gerlachlus (2000). Religion and the Politics of Identity in Kosovo. London, UK: C. Hurst & Co. p. 55. ISBN 9781850653929. 
  32. ^ "Optužnica protiv šestorice državljana Srbije, ubojica iz Gline 1991". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). 11 June 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  (NOTE: contains the forensic analysis done by Serb authorities)
  33. ^ Goldstein, Ivo (1999). Croatia: A History. Montreal, Quebec: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-7735-2017-2. 
  34. ^ "22. rujna 1991. Svinjarevci (Vukovar) – nepoznati zločin nad Hrvatima". 
  35. ^ Deutsche Welle 9 December 2014.
  36. ^ "22. rujna 1991. Tovarnik – pokolj 68 Hrvata nakon okupacije sela heroja". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Pukovnik bivše JNA Boro Ivanović pod sumnjom za ratni zločin" (in Croatian). Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  38. ^ "International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia". Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  39. ^ "Hrvatska priznala masakr nad devetoro Srba u Varivodama" (in Croatian). Vesti Online. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  40. ^ "Amended Indictment – Milan Martić" (PDF). International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Retrieved June 12, 2007.