List of massacres in Nigeria
|Asaba massacre||7 October 1967||Asaba, Delta State||Up to 500 men||Occurred during Biafran Civil War|
|Odi massacre||20 November 1999||Odi, Bayelsa State||43-2,500||Nigerian military attacked the village of Odi, as part of the Conflict in the Niger Delta.|
|2000 Kaduna riots||21 February-23 May 2000||Kaduna||2,000–5,000||Religious riots between Christians and Muslims over the introduction of sharia law in Kaduna State, start of the religious riots phase of the Sharia conflict in Nigeria.|
|2001 Jos riots||7–17 September 2001||Jos||500–5000||Religious riots between Christians and Muslims.|
|Miss World riots||November 22, 2002||Kaduna||200+||Inter-religious riots that started on 22 November in Kaduna, along with many houses of worship being burned by religious zealots. Cause: article in Thisday about the 2002 Miss World beauty contest (to be held in Abuja), in which Muslims took offence.|
|Yelwa massacre||February–May 2004||Yelwa, Shendam and Kano||c. 975||Religiously motivated killings between Christians and Muslims.|
|Muhammad cartoons crisis||18 February 2006||Maiduguri||50+||The international crisis reached the Nigerian city of Maiduguri, in which over 50 people were killed and many buildings destroyed or damaged by rioting Muslims, outraged because of cartoons about Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.|
|2008 Ogaminana massacre||26 February 2008||Ogaminana, Kogi State||over 50||...police descended on Ogaminana at 8.30 pm on February 26, killing and brutalizing mostly elderly men, women and children in a reprisal attack that has sent shock and outrage throughout the country.|
|2008 Jos riots||28–29 November 2008||Jos||381||Religious riots between Christians and Muslims over the result of a local election.|
|2009 Boko Haram Uprising||July 2009||Maiduguri, Bauchi, Potiskum, Wudil||1,000+||Islamic militants killed over a thousand people between 26 and 29 July; during the violence, Christians were killed for refusing to convert to Islam|
|2010 Jos massacre||2010||Jos||992||Religious rioting; victims were mostly Christians killed by Muslims|
|2011 Abuja United Nations bombing||26 August 2011||Abuja||116||312 injured; Boko Haram attacked a United Nations compound|
|2011 Damaturu attacks||4 November 2011||Damaturu||100-150||Islamic militants associated with Boko Haram attacked police stations, churches, and banks|
|December 2011 Nigeria clashes||December 2011||Maiduguri and Damaturu||68+||Islamic militants associated with Boko Haram clashed with security forces between 22 and 23 December|
|December 2011 Nigeria bombings||25 December 2011||Madalla||41+||73 injured; Muslim militants bombed a Catholic church during Christmas mass|
|January 5–6, 2012 Nigeria attacks||January 2012||Mubi, Yola, Gombi, and Maiduguri||37+||Islamic terrorists attacked churches and Christian businesses; Boko Haram claimed responsibility|
|January 20, 2012 Nigeria attacks||20 January 2012||Kano||185||Islamic terrorists attacked churches and Christian businesses; Boko Haram claimed responsibility|
|April 2012 Kaduna massacre||8 April 2012||Kaduna||38||Islamic terrorists bombed a church on Easter|
|June 2012 Kaduna church bombings||17 June 2012||Kaduna, Wusasa, and Sabon Gari||12-19||80 injured; Islamic terrorists bombed three churches|
|Deeper Life Church shooting||7 August 2012||Okene||19||Islamic militants attacked a church; the pastor was among the dead|
|December 2012 shootings in Nigeria||25 December 2012||Abuja||27||Islamic militants attacked a church on Christmas Day; afterwards the church was set on fire|
|2013 Baga massacre||19–20 April 2013||Baga, Borno||228+||Identity of the perpetrators remains unclear; some blame the Nigerian military while others blame the Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram|
|Yobe State school shooting||6 July 2013||Mamudo government secondary school||30||Suspected Boko Haram terrorists killed at least 41 children and one teacher|
|Gujba college massacre||29 September 2013||Gujba Yobe school||50||At 1:00 a.m. suspected gunmen from Boko Haram entered the male dormitory in the College of Agriculture in Gujba, Yobe State, Nigeria, killing at least forty-four students and teachers.|
|Kawuri massacre||11 January 2014||Konduga Local Government, Borno State||85||Attack by Boko Haram|
|Borno Massacre||11 February 2014||Konduga, Borno State||39||About 39 people are believed to have been killed in an attack by Islamist militants on a Nigerian town.
Local residents said the attack on Konduga, in the north-east Borno state, lasted several hours, beginning shortly before sundown on Tuesday night with the arrival of gunmen in 4x4 trucks. A mosque and more than 1,000 homes were razed to the ground, residents said.
|Federal Government College Buni Yadi attack||25 February 2014||Federal Government College Buni Yadi, Yobe State||59||Islamist gunmen killed 59 students at a boarding school in Yobe State.|
|April 2014 Abuja attacks||14 April 2014||Bus Stand, Abuja, Nigeria||71||Two bombs exploded in a crowded bus station in the outskirts of Abuja, Nigeria.|
|May 2014 Gamboru attacks||6 May 2014||Gamboru, Borno, Nigeria||300+||Militants attacked at night and set houses ablaze. When people tried to escape, they were shot dead.|
|Gwoza massacre||2 June 2014||Gwoza, Borno, Nigeria||200-300||Boko Haram attack on Christian villagers|
|2014 Kano bombing||23 June 2014||Kano, Nigeria||200+||Dozens of people were killed in a bomb blast at Kano State School of Hygiene. The blast was attributed to militant group Boko Haram by the locals.|
|2015 Baga massacre||3–7 January 2015||Baga, Borno||At least 100, over 2,000 "unaccounted for"|
|2015-2016 Killing of Biafran Protesters||August 2015 till date||Several including Onitsha and Aba, Igboland||80+||Over 80 protesters agitating for the secession of the Biafran region from Nigeria have been killed en masse by Nigerian security operatives, while more than 400 others have been arrested, detained or imprisoned|
|2015 Zaria massacre||12 to 13 December 2015||Zaria, Kaduna State||700-1000||Nigerian army open fire on the Shiite minority when they were conducting a religious procession.|
|21 May 2019||Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State||23||23 people were killed in a retaliatory attack by bandits on Tunga and Kabaje villages in Kaura Namoda LGA, after the death of their suspected ally.|
|9 June 2019||Maru, Zamfara State||16||16 people celebrating Eid al-Fitr were killed by unidentified bandits in Kanoma community of Maru LGA.|
|8-9 June 2019||Rabah, Sokoto State||25||Kalhu, Tsage and Geeri villages in Rabah LGA were attacked by bandits during the night. The attack went on till morning, killing 25 people.|
|9 June 2019||Satiru, Sokoto State||18||Satiru village of Sokoto state was attacked by bandits, killing 18 people.|
|9 June 2019||Shiroro, Niger State||47 confirmed dead||Eight farming and herding villages in Shiroro LGA were attacked on 9 June by bandits, who also stole 525 cattle. Niger State Emergency Management Agency confirmed finding 47 corpses. Permanent Secretary of Niger State for cabinet and Secuirty, Aliyu Isah Ekan, claimed only 12 have been killed. Senator David Uamru had claimed 70 were killed.|
|14 June 2019||Shinkafi, Zamfara State||34||Police confirmed deaths of 34 people in a bandit attack on Tungar Kafau and Gidan Wawa in Shinkafi LGA.|
|19 October 2018||Kaduna State||55||Christian Adara and Hausa Muslim youths||A market dispute led to the deaths of two people. In return a communal conflict erupted, Adaras attacked Hausa, killing dozens. The riots left a total of 55 people dead.|
|16 January 2019||Guma, Benue State||Unknown||Jukun and Tiv attackers||Many people were killed amidst a communal conflict between Jukun and Tiv people in Guma LGA of Benue State.|
|28 January 2019||Zamfara State||7 herders||Vigilantes||Seven herders were burnt by a team of vigilantes alongside their cows.|
|4 February 2019||Zamfara State||26||Herders (suspected)||7 villages in Zamfara State were attacked and 26 killed in suspected revenge for killing of seven herders a week before.|
|10-11 February 2019||Kajuru, Kaduna State||141 (130 Fulani and 11 Adara)||Fulani herdsmen and Adara militia||2019 Kaduna State massacre: Part of the communal violence leading up to the 2019 election. The government said 130 Fulani were killed,. 11 Adara were also killed. Miyetti Allah said 66 Fulani were buried and 65 remain missing.|
|20 February 2019||Ebete, Agatu, Kaduna State||17||Fulani herdsmen||17 people were killed in an attack by Fulani herdsmen on Ebete in Agatu LGA of Benue State.|
|26 February 2019||Karamai, Kajuru, Kaduna State||40 Adara||Fulani herdsmen (suspected)||At least 29 people were reported to be killed in an attack in Karamai community of Kajuru. The attack was suspected to be from Fulani in retaliation to the earlier violence where Fulani settlements were attacked. The governor confirmed a few days later that the death toll had risen to 40.|
|2 March 2019||Gwer West, Benue State||16 farmers||Fulani herdsmen||Herdsmen killed 16 in an attack on Gwer West LGA. The government blamed the attack on allegations of theft of cows by livestock guards made by the military. Residents said the herdsmen brought along many cattle and took over their lands for grazing after killing people.|
|7 March 2019||Bassa, Kogi State||20 Bassa Kwomu||Egburra Mozum militia||20 Bassa Kwomu were killed in an attack by an Egburra Mozum militia in Bassa LGA, Kogi State.|
|10 March 2019||Aungwan Barde, Kajuru, Kaduna State||16-35 Adara||Fulani herdsmen (suspected)||The police have put the death toll at 16 in attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen. However, the Adara Development Association has claimed an upwards of 35 killed.|
|10 March 2019||Birnin Gwari, Kaduna State||17||Unknown||17 vigilantes were ambushed and killed by unidentified gunmen in the mainly Muslim area of Birnin Gwari as they stole cattle.|
|11 March 2019||Maro, Kajuru, Kaduna State||16-52 Adara||Fulani herdsmen (suspected)||The police have put the death toll at 16 in an attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen in Kajuru. However, the Adara Development Association has claimed an upwards of 52 killed in Inkirimi and Dogonnoma villages in Maro. Another version of the attack by a source claimed 46 people were killed in Aungwan Gamu. The police have however not confirmed the claims.|
|16 March 2019||Nandu-Gbok, Sanga LGA, Kaduna State||10 Adara||Fulani herdsmen (suspected)||10 people were confirmed killed in Nandu-Gbok village of Sanga LGA after an attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen. Residents suspect it is in revenge for an earlier attack where they say at least 11 cows and 28 sheep belonging to Fulani were slaughtered in the same area before the election.|
|17 March 2019||Biase, Cross Rivers State||4||Ikwo militias||Four people were killed in an attack on communities of Biase LGA of Cross River State by Ikwo warlords in revenge for burning down of their communities.|
|18 March 2019||Agatu, Benue State||Several Agbaduma people||Militia hired by Egba, Abogbe and Ologba||Several persons were killed during a communal conflict that erupted over ownership of lands. The police has stated that militiamen hired by Egba, Abogbe and Ologba people attacked the Okokolo area inhabited by Agbaduma people.|
|19 March 2019||Guma, Benue State||5-10||Fulani herdsmen (suspected)||The Nigerian police have said five people were recorded as having died in a suspected herdsman attack in Tse Ioreleegeb village, part of Guma LGA of Benue State. The Guma LGA chairman has claimed 10 were killed|
|19 May 2019||Khana, Rivers State||5||Iceland group (suspected)||Five people were confirmed to have been killed by suspected Iceland group members in a cult attack on Kono Boue in Khana LGA. The cause is suspected to be retaliation for killing of their member.|
|26 May 2019||Jos North, Plateau State||5||Christian and Muslim youth||Intercommunal violence occurred between Christian and Muslim youth. According to a resident, after the discovery of two dead boys from Angwan Miango over the past week at the border between it and Rikkos, a Hausa community, the people went on reprisal killings against Hausas. Five people were killed as a result in the ensuing clashes. Arewa Christians and Indigenous Pastors Association, however, claimed deaths of 30 Christians.. Federal Government of Nigeria has introduce RUGA settlement to cub conflicts between the Herdsmen and Farmer in Plateau State.|
- Isaac Terwase Sampson, "Religious violence in Nigeria: Causal diagnoses and strategic recommendations to the state and religious communities", African Journal on Conflict Resolution (2012) p. 107-112.
- Le Monde, 5 April 1968
- Sufuyan Ojeifo and Lemmy Ughegbe, Vanguard (Nigeria), 2001.
- http://www.dawodu.com/barrack7.htm Alfred Obiora Uzokwe, Surviving Biafra, 2002
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- "The "Miss World Riots": Continued Impunity for Killings in Kaduna". Human Rights Watch. July 2003. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- Johannes Harnischfeger, Democratization and Islamic Law: The Sharia Conflict in Nigeria (Frankfurt am Main 2008) p.35-36. Campus Verlag. ISBN 3593382563
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- Sampson (2012), p. 108.
- nurdeans (2018-07-31). "Gov. Lalong, Buhari Honour Imam Who Shields 300 Christians from Massacre". NAIJA NEWS TODAY & LATEST BREAKING NEWS ™. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2010-04-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- Bandits kill 23 people in Zamfara fresh attack
- Bandits kill 23 in reprisal attack in Zamfara
- Zamfara: Bandits Kill 16, Injure 14 In Sallah Day Massacre …Gov Suspends Emir, District Head Over Killings
- Insecurity: 21 killed, 12 missing in various attacks across Nigeria last week
- 25 killed in Sokoto bandit attacks
- Four arrested as bandits kill 25 in Sokoto
- Gangs kill dozens in series of attacks in northern Nigeria
- Nigerian gangs kill 43 in attacks
- Nigeria: Bandit Attacks in Shiroro
- Gangs kill dozens in series of attacks in northern Nigeria
- Niger bandit attacks: Death toll now 70 — Senator
- https://punchng.com/police-confirm-34-killed-by-bandits-in-zamfara/ Police confirm 34 killed by bandits in Zamfara]
- Curfew declared in Nigerian city after deadly sectarian violence
- Panel on Tiv/Jukun clashes in Benue begins sitting
- Breaking: 15 houses burnt as Tiv, Jukun clash in Makurdi
- Gunmen kill 26 in seven villages in Zamfara state, northwest Nigeria
- Gunmen kill 26 in seven villages in Zamfara state, northwest Nigeria
- "Miyetti Allah releases names of 131 victims of Kajuru, Kaduna violence - Premium Times Nigeria".
- "Death toll in last week's Nigeria attack doubles to 130". Aljazeera. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Kajuru Killings: Miyetti Allah Says ‘Adara’ Militia Group’s At Work
- SPECIAL REPORT: After attacks, Kajuru villagers tell tales of pains, sorrow
- Herdsmen Kill 17 Persons in Benue
- Attack by ‘herdsmen’ in central Nigeria leaves 17 dead
- 29 killed as ethnic violence grips NW Nigeria
- Death Toll From Kaduna Attack Rises To 40
- 16 killed as herdsmen attack Benue community
- 16 farmers Killed in Benue By Herdsmen
- Suspected Herdsmen Have Killed 16 Persons As They Carried Out Retaliatory Attack For Their Alleged Stolen Cows In Benue
- Suspected herdsmen kill 16 in fresh attack on Benue community Read more: https://www.legit.ng/1225258-suspected-herdsmen-kill-16-fresh-attack-benue-community.html
- Suspected Igburra Militants Kill 20 Bassa Kwomu, Razed 50 Houses In Sheria, Oguma Communities
- 20 Killed In Kogi Communal Clashes
- Herdsmen Kill 85 People in Kaduna Communities
- Police confirm killing of 17, embark on aerial surveillance of flash-points
- Cattle thieves kill 17 in NW Nigeria: police
- Smart voters, NBC’s sanctions, and ethnic bashing
- Nigeria: Community, Police Differ On Casualties in Kaduna Attacks
- Herdsmen Kill 85 People in Kaduna Communities
- Govt Confirms Killing Of 10 In Fresh Kaduna Attack
- 10 killed, 30 houses set ablaze as gunmen raid Southern Kaduna
- 4 killed, 3 villages sacked in Cross River communal clash
- 4 C’River communities razed in communal conflict
- Many reported dead following bloody communal clash in Agatu, Benue state
- Nigeria: Many Feared Dead, Scores Injured, Houses Razed in Fresh Agatu Communal Clash
- Herdsmen reportedly strike again in Benue, kill 10 Read more: https://www.legit.ng/1228873-herdsmen-reportedly-strike-benue-kill-10.html
- 10 feared dead in fresh herdsmen attack on Guma LGA of Benue
- 20 feared dead in Rivers’ fresh cult attack
- 16 dead as cult war resumes in Rivers
- Tension In Jos As Reprisal Attack Kills Many, Houses Burnt
- Scores killed, many injured as fresh violence erupts in Jos
- Five people killed, 12 houses burnt in fresh Plateau crisis – Police
- Arewa pastors say 30 Christians killed in Jos attacks
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