List of massacres in Nigeria

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in over the past number of years in Nigeria (numbers may be approximate):


Name Date Location Deaths Notes
Asaba massacre 7 October 1967 Asaba, Delta State Up to 500 men[1] Occurred during Biafran Civil War[2][3]
Odi massacre 20 November 1999 Odi, Bayelsa State 43[4]-2,500[5] Nigerian military attacked the village of Odi, as part of the Conflict in the Niger Delta.
2000 Kaduna riots 21 February-23 May 2000 Kaduna 2,000[6][7]–5,000[8] Religious riots between Christians and Muslims over the introduction of sharia law in Kaduna State, start of the religious riots phase of the Sharia conflict in Nigeria.
2001 Jos riots 7–17 September 2001 Jos 500–5000[9] Religious riots between Christians and Muslims.
Miss World riots November 22, 2002 Kaduna 200+[10] Inter-religious riots that started on 22 November in Kaduna, along with many houses of worship being burned by religious zealots. Cause: article in Thisday about the 2002 Miss World beauty contest (to be held in Abuja), in which Muslims took offence.
Yelwa massacre February–May 2004 Yelwa, Shendam and Kano c. 975[11] Religiously motivated killings between Christians and Muslims.
Muhammad cartoons crisis 18 February 2006 Maiduguri 50+[12] The international crisis reached the Nigerian city of Maiduguri, in which over 50 people were killed and many buildings destroyed or damaged by rioting Muslims, outraged because of cartoons about Muhammad in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
2008 Ogaminana massacre 26 February 2008 Ogaminana, Kogi State over 50 ...police descended on Ogaminana at 8.30 pm on February 26, killing and brutalizing mostly elderly men, women and children in a reprisal attack that has sent shock and outrage throughout the country.[13]
2008 Jos riots 28–29 November 2008 Jos 381[14] Religious riots between Christians and Muslims over the result of a local election.
2009 Boko Haram Uprising July 2009 Maiduguri, Bauchi, Potiskum, Wudil 1,000+[15] Islamic militants killed over a thousand people between 26 and 29 July; during the violence, Christians were killed for refusing to convert to Islam[16]
2010 Jos massacre 2010 Jos 992 Religious rioting; victims were mostly Christians killed by Muslims[17]
2011 Abuja United Nations bombing 26 August 2011 Abuja 116[18] 312 injured; Boko Haram attacked a United Nations compound[18]
2011 Damaturu attacks 4 November 2011 Damaturu 100-150[19] Islamic militants associated with Boko Haram attacked police stations, churches, and banks
December 2011 Nigeria clashes December 2011 Maiduguri and Damaturu 68+[20] Islamic militants associated with Boko Haram clashed with security forces between 22 and 23 December
December 2011 Nigeria bombings 25 December 2011 Madalla 41+[21] 73 injured; Muslim militants bombed a Catholic church during Christmas mass
January 5–6, 2012 Nigeria attacks January 2012 Mubi, Yola, Gombi, and Maiduguri 37+[22] Islamic terrorists attacked churches and Christian businesses; Boko Haram claimed responsibility
January 20, 2012 Nigeria attacks 20 January 2012 Kano 185[23] Islamic terrorists attacked churches and Christian businesses; Boko Haram claimed responsibility
April 2012 Kaduna massacre 8 April 2012 Kaduna 38[24] Islamic terrorists bombed a church on Easter[24]
June 2012 Kaduna church bombings 17 June 2012 Kaduna, Wusasa, and Sabon Gari 12[25]-19[26] 80 injured; Islamic terrorists bombed three churches
Deeper Life Church shooting 7 August 2012 Okene 19[27] Islamic militants attacked a church; the pastor was among the dead
December 2012 shootings in Nigeria 25 December 2012 Abuja 27[28][29] Islamic militants attacked a church on Christmas Day; afterwards the church was set on fire
2013 Baga massacre 19–20 April 2013 Baga, Borno 228+[30] Identity of the perpetrators remains unclear; some blame the Nigerian military while others blame the Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram[31]
Yobe State school shooting 6 July 2013 Mamudo government secondary school 30[32] Suspected Boko Haram terrorists killed at least 41 children and one teacher[33]
Gujba college massacre 29 September 2013 Gujba Yobe school 50[34] At 1:00 a.m. suspected gunmen from Boko Haram entered the male dormitory in the College of Agriculture in Gujba, Yobe State, Nigeria, killing at least forty-four students and teachers.[32]
Kawuri massacre 11 January 2014 Konduga Local Government, Borno State 85[35] Attack by Boko Haram
Borno Massacre 11 February 2014 Konduga, Borno State 39 About 39 people are believed to have been killed in an attack by Islamist militants on a Nigerian town.

Local residents said the attack on Konduga, in the north-east Borno state, lasted several hours, beginning shortly before sundown on Tuesday night with the arrival of gunmen in 4x4 trucks. A mosque and more than 1,000 homes were razed to the ground, residents said.[36]

Federal Government College Buni Yadi attack 25 February 2014 Federal Government College Buni Yadi, Yobe State 59 Islamist gunmen killed 59 students at a boarding school in Yobe State.[37]
April 2014 Abuja attacks 14 April 2014 Bus Stand, Abuja, Nigeria 71 Two bombs exploded in a crowded bus station in the outskirts of Abuja, Nigeria.[38]
May 2014 Gamboru attacks 6 May 2014 Gamboru, Borno, Nigeria 300+[39] Militants attacked at night and set houses ablaze. When people tried to escape, they were shot dead.[40]
Gwoza massacre 2 June 2014 Gwoza, Borno, Nigeria 200-300[41] Boko Haram attack on Christian villagers
2014 Kano bombing 23 June 2014 Kano, Nigeria 200+ Dozens of people were killed in a bomb blast at Kano State School of Hygiene. The blast was attributed to militant group Boko Haram by the locals.[42]
2015 Baga massacre 3–7 January 2015 Baga, Borno At least 100, over 2,000 "unaccounted for"
2015-2016 Killing of Biafran Protesters August 2015 till date Several including Onitsha and Aba, Igboland 80+ Over 80 protesters agitating for the secession of the Biafran region from Nigeria have been killed en masse by Nigerian security operatives, while more than 400 others have been arrested, detained or imprisoned[43]
2015 Zaria massacre 12 to 13 December 2015 Zaria, Kaduna State 700-1000 Nigerian army open fire on the Shiite minority when they were conducting a religious procession.[44]

Bandit attacks[edit]

Date Location Deaths Notes
21 May 2019 Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State 23 23 people were killed in a retaliatory attack by bandits on Tunga and Kabaje villages in Kaura Namoda LGA, after the death of their suspected ally.[45][46]
9 June 2019 Maru, Zamfara State 16 16 people celebrating Eid al-Fitr were killed by unidentified bandits in Kanoma community of Maru LGA.[47][48]
8-9 June 2019 Rabah, Sokoto State 25 Kalhu, Tsage and Geeri villages in Rabah LGA were attacked by bandits during the night. The attack went on till morning, killing 25 people.[49][50]
9 June 2019 Satiru, Sokoto State 18 Satiru village of Sokoto state was attacked by bandits, killing 18 people.[51][52]
9 June 2019 Shiroro, Niger State 47 confirmed dead Eight farming and herding villages in Shiroro LGA were attacked on 9 June by bandits, who also stole 525 cattle. Niger State Emergency Management Agency confirmed finding 47 corpses. Permanent Secretary of Niger State for cabinet and Secuirty, Aliyu Isah Ekan, claimed only 12 have been killed.[53][54] Senator David Uamru had claimed 70 were killed.[55]
14 June 2019 Shinkafi, Zamfara State 34 Police confirmed deaths of 34 people in a bandit attack on Tungar Kafau and Gidan Wawa in Shinkafi LGA.[56]

Herder-farmer conflicts and communal conflicts[edit]

Date Location Deaths Perpetrator Notes
19 October 2018 Kaduna State 55 Christian Adara and Hausa Muslim youths A market dispute led to the deaths of two people. In return a communal conflict erupted, Adaras attacked Hausa, killing dozens. The riots left a total of 55 people dead.[57]
16 January 2019 Guma, Benue State Unknown Jukun and Tiv attackers Many people were killed amidst a communal conflict between Jukun and Tiv people in Guma LGA of Benue State.[58][59]
28 January 2019 Zamfara State 7 herders Vigilantes Seven herders were burnt by a team of vigilantes alongside their cows.[60]
4 February 2019 Zamfara State 26 Herders (suspected) 7 villages in Zamfara State were attacked and 26 killed in suspected revenge for killing of seven herders a week before.[61]
10-11 February 2019 Kajuru, Kaduna State 141 (130 Fulani and 11 Adara) Fulani herdsmen and Adara militia 2019 Kaduna State massacre: Part of the communal violence leading up to the 2019 election. The government said 130 Fulani were killed,. 11 Adara were also killed. Miyetti Allah said 66 Fulani were buried and 65 remain missing.[62][63][64][65]
20 February 2019 Ebete, Agatu, Kaduna State 17 Fulani herdsmen 17 people were killed in an attack by Fulani herdsmen on Ebete in Agatu LGA of Benue State.[66][67]
26 February 2019 Karamai, Kajuru, Kaduna State 40 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) At least 29 people were reported to be killed in an attack in Karamai community of Kajuru. The attack was suspected to be from Fulani in retaliation to the earlier violence where Fulani settlements were attacked. The governor confirmed a few days later that the death toll had risen to 40.[68][69]
2 March 2019 Gwer West, Benue State 16 farmers Fulani herdsmen Herdsmen killed 16 in an attack on Gwer West LGA. The government blamed the attack on allegations of theft of cows by livestock guards made by the military. Residents said the herdsmen brought along many cattle and took over their lands for grazing after killing people.[70][71][72][73]
7 March 2019 Bassa, Kogi State 20 Bassa Kwomu Egburra Mozum militia 20 Bassa Kwomu were killed in an attack by an Egburra Mozum militia in Bassa LGA, Kogi State.[74][75]
10 March 2019 Aungwan Barde, Kajuru, Kaduna State 16-35 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) The police have put the death toll at 16 in attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen. However, the Adara Development Association has claimed an upwards of 35 killed.[76]
10 March 2019 Birnin Gwari, Kaduna State 17 Unknown 17 vigilantes were ambushed and killed by unidentified gunmen in the mainly Muslim area of Birnin Gwari as they stole cattle.[77][78][79]
11 March 2019 Maro, Kajuru, Kaduna State 16-52 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) The police have put the death toll at 16 in an attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen in Kajuru. However, the Adara Development Association has claimed an upwards of 52 killed in Inkirimi and Dogonnoma villages in Maro. Another version of the attack by a source claimed 46 people were killed in Aungwan Gamu. The police have however not confirmed the claims.[80][81]
16 March 2019 Nandu-Gbok, Sanga LGA, Kaduna State 10 Adara Fulani herdsmen (suspected) 10 people were confirmed killed in Nandu-Gbok village of Sanga LGA after an attack by suspected Fulani herdsmen. Residents suspect it is in revenge for an earlier attack where they say at least 11 cows and 28 sheep belonging to Fulani were slaughtered in the same area before the election.[82][83]
17 March 2019 Biase, Cross Rivers State 4 Ikwo militias Four people were killed in an attack on communities of Biase LGA of Cross River State by Ikwo warlords in revenge for burning down of their communities.[84][85]
18 March 2019 Agatu, Benue State Several Agbaduma people Militia hired by Egba, Abogbe and Ologba Several persons were killed during a communal conflict that erupted over ownership of lands. The police has stated that militiamen hired by Egba, Abogbe and Ologba people attacked the Okokolo area inhabited by Agbaduma people.[86][87]
19 March 2019 Guma, Benue State 5-10 Fulani herdsmen (suspected) The Nigerian police have said five people were recorded as having died in a suspected herdsman attack in Tse Ioreleegeb village, part of Guma LGA of Benue State. The Guma LGA chairman has claimed 10 were killed[88][89]
19 May 2019 Khana, Rivers State 5 Iceland group (suspected) Five people were confirmed to have been killed by suspected Iceland group members in a cult attack on Kono Boue in Khana LGA. The cause is suspected to be retaliation for killing of their member.[90][91]
26 May 2019 Jos North, Plateau State 5 Christian and Muslim youth Intercommunal violence occurred between Christian and Muslim youth. According to a resident, after the discovery of two dead boys from Angwan Miango over the past week at the border between it and Rikkos, a Hausa community, the people went on reprisal killings against Hausas.[92][93] Five people were killed as a result in the ensuing clashes.[94] Arewa Christians and Indigenous Pastors Association, however, claimed deaths of 30 Christians.[95]. Federal Government of Nigeria has introduce RUGA settlement to cub conflicts between the Herdsmen and Farmer in Plateau State[96].



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  9. ^ Johannes Harnischfeger, Democratization and Islamic Law: The Sharia Conflict in Nigeria (Frankfurt am Main 2008) p.35-36. Campus Verlag. ISBN 3593382563
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  13. ^ nurdeans (2018-07-31). "Gov. Lalong, Buhari Honour Imam Who Shields 300 Christians from Massacre". NAIJA NEWS TODAY & LATEST BREAKING NEWS ™. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
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  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2010-04-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  21. ^ "Nigeria church bomb death toll rises to 37, wounded 57". Reuters. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
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  45. ^ Bandits kill 23 people in Zamfara fresh attack
  46. ^ Bandits kill 23 in reprisal attack in Zamfara
  47. ^ Zamfara: Bandits Kill 16, Injure 14 In Sallah Day Massacre …Gov Suspends Emir, District Head Over Killings
  48. ^ Insecurity: 21 killed, 12 missing in various attacks across Nigeria last week
  49. ^ 25 killed in Sokoto bandit attacks
  50. ^ Four arrested as bandits kill 25 in Sokoto
  51. ^ Gangs kill dozens in series of attacks in northern Nigeria
  52. ^ Nigerian gangs kill 43 in attacks
  53. ^ Nigeria: Bandit Attacks in Shiroro
  54. ^ Gangs kill dozens in series of attacks in northern Nigeria
  55. ^ Niger bandit attacks: Death toll now 70 — Senator
  56. ^ Police confirm 34 killed by bandits in Zamfara]
  57. ^ Curfew declared in Nigerian city after deadly sectarian violence
  58. ^ Panel on Tiv/Jukun clashes in Benue begins sitting
  59. ^ Breaking: 15 houses burnt as Tiv, Jukun clash in Makurdi
  60. ^ Gunmen kill 26 in seven villages in Zamfara state, northwest Nigeria
  61. ^ Gunmen kill 26 in seven villages in Zamfara state, northwest Nigeria
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  64. ^ Kajuru Killings: Miyetti Allah Says ‘Adara’ Militia Group’s At Work
  65. ^ SPECIAL REPORT: After attacks, Kajuru villagers tell tales of pains, sorrow
  66. ^ Herdsmen Kill 17 Persons in Benue
  67. ^ Attack by ‘herdsmen’ in central Nigeria leaves 17 dead
  68. ^ 29 killed as ethnic violence grips NW Nigeria
  69. ^ Death Toll From Kaduna Attack Rises To 40
  70. ^ 16 killed as herdsmen attack Benue community
  71. ^ 16 farmers Killed in Benue By Herdsmen
  72. ^ Suspected Herdsmen Have Killed 16 Persons As They Carried Out Retaliatory Attack For Their Alleged Stolen Cows In Benue
  73. ^ Suspected herdsmen kill 16 in fresh attack on Benue community Read more:
  74. ^ Suspected Igburra Militants Kill 20 Bassa Kwomu, Razed 50 Houses In Sheria, Oguma Communities
  75. ^ 20 Killed In Kogi Communal Clashes
  76. ^ Herdsmen Kill 85 People in Kaduna Communities
  77. ^ Police confirm killing of 17, embark on aerial surveillance of flash-points
  78. ^ Cattle thieves kill 17 in NW Nigeria: police
  79. ^ Smart voters, NBC’s sanctions, and ethnic bashing
  80. ^ Nigeria: Community, Police Differ On Casualties in Kaduna Attacks
  81. ^ Herdsmen Kill 85 People in Kaduna Communities
  82. ^ Govt Confirms Killing Of 10 In Fresh Kaduna Attack
  83. ^ 10 killed, 30 houses set ablaze as gunmen raid Southern Kaduna
  84. ^ 4 killed, 3 villages sacked in Cross River communal clash
  85. ^ 4 C’River communities razed in communal conflict
  86. ^ Many reported dead following bloody communal clash in Agatu, Benue state
  87. ^ Nigeria: Many Feared Dead, Scores Injured, Houses Razed in Fresh Agatu Communal Clash
  88. ^ Herdsmen reportedly strike again in Benue, kill 10 Read more:
  89. ^ 10 feared dead in fresh herdsmen attack on Guma LGA of Benue
  90. ^ 20 feared dead in Rivers’ fresh cult attack
  91. ^ 16 dead as cult war resumes in Rivers
  92. ^ Tension In Jos As Reprisal Attack Kills Many, Houses Burnt
  93. ^ Scores killed, many injured as fresh violence erupts in Jos
  94. ^ Five people killed, 12 houses burnt in fresh Plateau crisis – Police
  95. ^ Arewa pastors say 30 Christians killed in Jos attacks