List of massacres in Syria

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The following is a list of massacres that have occurred in modern Syria (numbers may be approximate):

Name Date Location Deaths Notes
1947 Aleppo pogrom December 1947 Aleppo 75 Half the city's Jewish population fled
Jisr al-Shughour massacre (1980) March 9, 1980 Jisr al-Shughour 150-200
Aleppo Artillery School massacre 16 June 1979 Aleppo 32-83
Siege of Aleppo (1980) 1980 Aleppo more than 2000 multiple massacres over a period of time
1981 Hama massacre April 1981 Hama 400 members of the male population rounded up and executed
1982 Hama massacre February 1982 Hama 10,000-40,000
Tadmor Prison massacre June 27, 1980 Palmyra 500-1,000
Siege of Hama July 31–August 4, 2012 Hama 100-200 Syrian government forces reportedly killed up to 200 civilians in an assault on the city of Hama.[1]
Ram al-Enz and Ghajariyeh massacre 27 February 2012 Ram al-Enz and Ghajariyeh near Homs 68 Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that 68 bodies were found between the villages of Ram al-Enz and Ghajariyeh. Syrian activists blamed pro-government militia.[2][3]
Karm al-Zeitoun massacre 9 March 2012 Karm al-Zeitoun, Homs 47 Syrian Army reportedly massacred 47 people after entering Karm al-Zeitoun.[4]
Taftanaz massacre 5 April 2012 Taftanaz, Idlib Governorate 62 Syrian Army reportedly carried out a massacre by rounding up and executing people following the Battle of Taftanaz.[5][6]
Houla massacre May 25, 2012 Houla 108 49 children among the dead. The UN concluded Syrian government forces were responsible.[7] However, after eye witness accounts published by German paper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung claimed it was rebel sectarian violence,[8] UNHRC concluded that there was insufficient evidence to determine who had committed the massacre.[9]
Al-Buwaida al-Sharqiya massacre May 31, 2012 Al-Buwaida al-Sharqiya 13
Al-Qubair massacre June 6, 2012 Al-Qubair, in Maarzaf 80-100 Victims were stabbed and shot.[10]
Daret Azzeh massacre June 22, 2012 Darat Azzah in Aleppo 25 Rebels claim to have killed 25 men who they accused of being a part of the Shabbiha.[11][12]
Darayya massacre 20–25 August 2012 Darayya, Rif Dimashq 320[13]–500[14] Many people were killed in a five-day Army assault on the town, which was rebel-held.[15] According to the opposition, Human Rights Watch and some local residents the killings were committed by the Syrian military and Shabiha militiamen.[16] According to the government and some local residents they were committed by rebel forces.[17]
Maarrat Al-Nu'man massacre October 8–October 13, 2012 Maarrat al-Nu'man 65 During the Battle of Maarrat Al-Nu'man, the Syrian Army reportedly executed 65 people,[18] including 50 defecting soldiers.[19]
Aqrab massacre 11 December 2012 Aqrab, Hama Governorate 125 (Includes wounded) Alawite villagers attacked by Syrian rebels, with 10 confirmed killed.[20]
Basatin al-Hasawiya massacre 15 January 2013 Homs 106 Syrian government troops stormed the village of Basatin al-Hasawiya on the outskirts of Homs city reportedly killing 106 civilians.[21]
Queiq River massacre 29 January–14 March 2013 Queiq River, Aleppo 147–230 Between 29 January and 14 March 2013, opposition activists claimed that they found about 230 bodies on the banks and in the Queiq river in Aleppo. They accused government forces of being the ones who executed the men since the bodies came down the river from the direction of government-held areas of the city. Human Rights Watch was able to identify at least 147 victims, all male and aged between 11 and 64.[22]
Battle of Jdaidet al-Fadl 16–21 April 2013 Rif Dimashq hundreds Syrian Army was accused by the opposition of carrying out a massacre. SOHR claimed that 250 people were killed since the start of the battle, with them being able to document, by name, 127 of the dead, including 27 rebels. Another opposition claim put the death toll at 450.[23][24][25] One activist source claimed he counted 98 bodies in the town's streets and 86 in makeshift clinics who were summarily executed. Another activist stated they documented 85 people who were executed, including 28 who were killed in a makeshift hospital.[26]
Bayda and Baniyas massacres 2–3 May 2013 Bayda and Baniyas, Tartus Governorate 128–450 Assault by Alawite militias against the local Sunni population.[27][28]
Hatla massacre 11 June 2013 Hatla, Deir el-Zour 60 Shiite villagers killed by Syrian rebels.
Khan al-Assal massacre July 22, 2013 Khan al-Assal, Aleppo, Syria 51 Rebels execute 51 POWs.
August 2013 Ghouta chemical attack August 21, 2013 Al-Ghouta, Damascus, Syria 281[29]–1,729 [30] Syrian activists reported that government forces struck Jobar, Zamalka, 'Ain Tirma, and Hazzah in the Eastern Ghouta region with chemical weapons.
Adra massacre December 6, 2013 Adra, Syria 32 - 80 This was the alleged massacre of at least 32 civilians in the industrial town of Adra, Syria. Government claims that at least 80 were killed.[31] It was reportedly conducted by the al-Nusra Front and Jaysh al-Islam, a subgroup of the Islamic Front.[32][33]
Shu'aytat massacre Mid August, 2014 Deir ez-Zor Governorate about 700 In mid August Islamic State fighters massacred some 700 people, mostly men, of the Shu'aytat tribe in Deir ez-Zor Governorate.[34]
Idlib Druze massacre 10 June 2015 Idlib Governorate 23+ On the 10th of June al-Nusra massacred a Druze community in the village from Qalb lawza in Idlib province [35]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Civilian Toll Is Mounting in Assault on Syrian City, The New York Times.
  2. ^ Liz Sly (27 February 2012). "Syrian Activists: 64 Bodies Found Near Homs in One of the Worst Mass Killings". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "125 Civilians Killed in Syria, Including 68 in Homs Region 'Massacre'". Naharnet. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Syrian activists claim 16 people killed in Homs reprisal attacks". The Guardian. 24 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Massacre in Syrian town of Taftanaz, BBC.
  6. ^ Syria Crisis: Taftanaz Massacre Haunts Town 2 Month Later, The Huffington Post.
  7. ^ "Houla massacre: UN blames Syria troops and militia". 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2013-08-31. 
  8. ^ "Another Massacre in Syria". 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  9. ^ "Houla massacre: A look back at the houla massacre". 2012-06-23. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  10. ^ "New 'massacre' reported in Syria's Hama province". BBC News. 7 June 2012. 
  11. ^ AFP. "Syria says 25 dead in rebel 'massacre'". Emirates 24/7. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Syrian rebels accused of massacring 25 people in village". BBC News. 22 June 2012. 
  13. ^ "Dozens more bodies found at Syria massacre site". Los Angeles Times. August 27, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Syria crisis: Daraya massacre leaves a ghost town still counting its dead". The Guardian. 7 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "Final death-toll for Friday 24/8/2012: More than 210 Syrians have been killed on Friday," Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (24 August 2012). Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  16. ^ "NOW". Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  17. ^ Fisk, Robert (29 August 2012). "Robert Fisk: Inside Daraya - how a failed prisoner swap turned into a massacre". The Independent. 
  18. ^ Naeem, Asad; AFP (11 October 2012). "Syria rebels cut highway to northern battlefields". Maarrat al-Nu'man: Business Recorder. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  19. ^ Oweis, Khaled Yacoub; Diana Abdallah (10 October 2012). "Rebels say halt Syrian army attempt to retake town". Amman: Reuters. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  20. ^ Up to 200 hurt in attack on Syrian Alawite village – activists. Reuters (6 December 2012).
  21. ^ "Massacre of over 100 reported in Syria's Homs". Reuters. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "Bodies in Syria river likely killed in govt areas". News24. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "Syria army seizes Jdaidet al-Fadl 'killing dozens'". BBC News. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "At least 100 dead after 6 days of clashes in Syria, activists say". Fox News. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "Some 150 were killed on Monday". Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  26. ^ "Assad's forces kill 85 in Damascus suburb, activists say". Reuters. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  27. ^ "Syrian activists document al-Bayda and Baniyas 'massacre'". BBC News. 28 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "Syrian forces responsible for Banias massacres: U.N. report". Yahoo News. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  29. ^ AFP. "France says 'at least 281' killed in Syria chemical attack". The Daily Star (Lebanon). Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "Bodies still being found after alleged Syria chemical attack: opposition". The Daily Star (Lebanon). 22 August 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  31. ^ "Syrian regime drops barrel bombs in air attack in Aleppo; 78 dead include 28 children". NewsComAu. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  32. ^ "Syrian troops launch offensive after dozens killed". Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  33. ^ "Civilian Massacres in Syria". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  34. ^ Liz Sly (20 October 2014). "Syria tribal revolt against Islamic State ignored, fueling resentment". Washington Post. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  35. ^ Joshua Landis (15 June 2015). "The Massacre of Druze Villagers in Qalb Lawza, Idlib Province". Joshua Landis. Retrieved 15 August 2015.