List of massacres in the United States
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- For single-perpetrator events and shooting sprees, see Lists of rampage killers, Mass shootings in the United States, Category:Spree shootings in the United States, and Category:Mass shootings in the United States by year
- For Indian massacres, see Indian massacres.
- For any other related information, see Killings within the United States
|Guadalupe Canyon massacre||1881 Aug 13||Guadalupe Mountains, Arizona Territory||Arizona||5||1 wounded; cowboys ambushed while sleeping. Perpetrators disputed.|
|Perry race riot||1922 Dec 14–15||Perry||Florida||3||1 burned alive, 2 shot and hung. Many buildings burned.|
|Chinese massacre||1871 Oct 24||Los Angeles, California||California||>18||Killed by hanging and unknown injured in ethnic white mob violence against people and property in Chinatown.|
|Golden Dragon massacre||1977 Sep 4||San Francisco||California||5||11 injured.|
|Bloody Island massacre||1850 May 15||Clear Lake||California||60–100||Retaliation by a Cavalry Regiment of the US Army for the murder of Frontiersman Andrew Kelsey and Charles Stone.|
|Ludlow Massacre||1914 Apr 20||Ludlow||Colorado||19||Killed by Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families, many of whom were immigrants or minorities.|
|Columbine Mine massacre||1927 Nov 21||Serene||Colorado||6||Miners killed with machine guns during coal mine strike.|
|Ocoee massacre||1920 Nov 2||Ocoee||Florida||56~||Black population of Ocoee, a town near Orlando, was nearly obliterated during the 1920 election season.|
|Rosewood massacre||1923 Jan||Rosewood||Florida||8||The entire population of African-Americans in and near Rosewood, about 350, were forced from their homes and never returned.|
|Hanapepe massacre||1924 Sep 9||Hanapepe||Hawaii||20||101 arrested.|
|Haymarket affair||1886 May 4||Chicago||Illinois||11||More than 130 injured by dynamite bomb and crossfire of bullets.|
|Herrin massacre||1922 Jun 21||Herrin||Illinois||23||Strikebreakers and union guards at coal mine.|
|Saint Valentine's Day Massacre||1929 Feb 14||Chicago||Illinois||7||Prohibition gang killing.|
|Brown's Chicken massacre||1993 Jan 8||Palatine||Illinois||7||Store robbery with murder.|
|Spirit Lake Massacre||1857 March 5–12||West Okoboji||Iowa||35–40||A band of Dakota people led by Inkpaduta conducted a series of raids on white settlers.|
|Villisca massacre||1912 Jun 10||Villisca||Iowa||8||Unsolved axe murders of members of 2 families.|
|Pottawatomie massacre||1856 May 24–25||Franklin County||Kansas||5||John Brown and followers killed 5 pro-slavery Kansans.|
|Marais des Cygnes massacre||1858 May 19||Linn County||Kansas||5||Last major outbreak of violence in Bleeding Kansas.|
|Lawrence massacre||1863 Aug 21||Douglas County||Kansas||185–200||Pro-Confederate Guerrillas killed civilians and burned a quarter of the town.|
|Wichita Massacre||2000 Dec 8–14||Wichita||Kansas||5||Two black males, brothers Reginald and Jonathan Carr, committed multiple acts of assault, robbery, rape and murder of several people, all white, over the course of a week.|
|Bloody Monday||1855 Aug 6||Louisville||Kentucky||>22||Scores injured in religious mob violence and arson.|
|Colfax massacre||1873 Apr 13||Colfax||Louisiana||83–153||Blacks killed at courthouse and as prisoners afterwards.|
|Coushatta massacre||1874 Aug||Coushatta||Louisiana||11–26||Six whites, remainder black killed as political intimidation.|
|Thibodaux massacre||1887 Nov 22||Thibodaux||Louisiana||>35||Perhaps as many as 300 killed, 5+ injuries to striking black sugar-cane workers.|
|Opelousas Massacre||1868 Sept 28||Opelousas, Louisiana||Louisiana||300+||Democrats resisted the joining of Opelousas African Americans into the political party and went on a hunt for African Americans, killing at least 200-300 African Americans and 30-50 Democrats.|
|Boston Massacre||1770 Mar 5||Boston||Massachusetts||5||11 civilians injured by British Army soldiers.|
|Haun's Mill massacre||1838 Oct 30||Fairview Township||Missouri||19||Mob/militia attacked Mormons.|
|Kansas City massacre||1933 Jun 17||Kansas City||Missouri||5||The dead include law enforcement officers and a criminal fugitive shot by members of a gang.|
|Sacking of Osceola||1861 Sep 23||Osceola||Missouri||9||Tried by drumhead court martial and executed, town of 3,000 sacked and burned in a raid by Jim Lane's Kansas Brigade.[better source needed]|
|Centralia massacre||1864 Sep 27||Centralia||Missouri||24||Unarmed U.S. soldiers murdered by their Confederate captors including Jesse James. 123 killed in ensuing Battle of Centralia.|
|Baylor Massacre||1778 Sep 27||River Vale||New Jersey||15||54 captured or wounded by British.|
|Greensboro massacre||1979 Nov 3||Greensboro, North Carolina||North Carolina||5||Violent clash between Ku Klux Klan and Communist Workers' Party demonstration.|
|Shelton Laurel massacre||1863 Jan 18||Madison County||North Carolina||13||Unarmed Unionists, including three boys, were shot by Confederates after capture.|
|Greenwood massacre||1921 May 31 and Jun 1||City of Tulsa,||Oklahoma||39–300||≥ 800 wounded. One of the nation's worst incidents of racial violence.|
|Goingsnake massacre||1872 Apr 15||Tahlequah, Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma)||Oklahoma||11||Died in a shoot out in a crowded courtroom, the dead included 8 Deputy US Marshals and 3 Cherokee citizens. Six Cherokee were wounded including the defendant and the judge.|
|Chinese Massacre Cove||1887 May||Wallowa County||Oregon||10–34||Chinese gold miners ambushed and murdered by a gang of horse thieves.|
|Paoli massacre||1777 Sep 20||near Paoli||Pennsylvania||61||Patriots under command of General Anthony Wayne killed by British Soldiers under command of General Charles Grey.|
|Lattimer massacre||1897 Sep 10||near Hazleton||Pennsylvania||19||Coal miners killed by sheriff's posse.|
|Ponce massacre||1937 Mar 21||Ponce||Puerto Rico||19||protestors killed by police|
|Hamburg massacre||1876 Jul 4||Hamburg||South Carolina||7||Town looted in a racially motivated incident during Reconstruction.|
|Waxhaw massacre||1780 May 29||Lancaster||South Carolina||118||150 wounded, 53 captured by British against American Revolutionary soldiers.|
|Fort Pillow massacre||1864 Apr 12||Henning||Tennessee||277-297||Federal (and mostly black) troops were killed by Confederate soldiers while trying to surrender.|
|Nueces massacre||1862 Aug 10||Kinney County||Texas||34||German Texans killed by Confederate soldiers.|
|Mountain Meadows Massacre||1857 Sep 7–11||Mountain Meadows, Utah Territory||Utah||100–140||Emigrant wagon train annihilated by the Mormon Utah Territorial Militia.|
|Pinhook massacre||1881 June 1||Southeastern Utah||Utah||13||Started when Ute Indians allegedly killed ranchers and stole horses in Colorado. As the Ute moved into the southeastern Utah, a battle between the Indians and a band of ranchers and cowboys who blamed Utes for the loss of their livestock was fought, resulting in the death of 13 cowboys in the gunfight.|
|Midnight Massacre||1945 Jul 7–8||Salina, Utah||Utah||9||German POWs killed by an American guard|
|Saltville massacre||1864 Oct 2–3||Saltville||Virginia||45–50||Wounded/captured Federal black troops by Confederate soldiers and guerrillas.|
|Everett massacre||1916 Nov 5||Everett||Washington||5||27 injured and scores of labor unionists arrested by police and vigilantes.|
|Centralia massacre||1919 Nov 11||Centralia||Washington||6||American Legionnaires killed by Industrial Workers of the World members.|
|Wah Mee massacre||1983 Feb 18||Seattle||Washington||13||1 injured by 3 perpetrators during an armed robbery.|
|Bay View massacre||1886 May 5||Bay View||Wisconsin||7||Labor protesters killed by National Guardsmen.|
|Matewan massacre||1920 May 19||Matewan||West Virginia||11||The confrontation resulted in the deaths of Matewan Mayor Cabell Testerman, two striking coal miners, seven men from the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, and an unarmed bystander.|
|Rock Springs massacre||1885 Sep 2||Rock Springs||Wyoming||28||15 injured in a racial dispute between white and Chinese miners.|
- Murder of workers in labor disputes in the United States
- List of incidents of civil unrest in the United States
- Traywick, Ben T., Wyatt Earp's Thirteen Dead Men: Chapter 6, The Tombstone News, accessdate 26 December 2012.
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- Mullen, Kevin J., Chinatown Squad: Policing the Dragon from the Gold Rush to the 21st Century 978-0926664104 - 208 pages Noir Publications, 1 September 2008
- Simmons, R. Laurie, Thomas H. Simmons, Charles Haecker, and Erika Martin Siebert (May 2008), National Historic Landmark Nomination: Ludlow Tent Colony Site (pdf), National Park Service
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- Go Ahead On, Ocoee – A narrative documentary film by Bianca White & Sandra Krasa.
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- Chapin, Helen Geracimos (1996). "Suppressing the News and Contributing to a Massacre". Shaping History: The Role of Newspapers in Hawai'i. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 131–138. ISBN 978-0-8248-1718-3.
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- Paul M. Angle, Bloody Williamson: A Chapter in American Lawlessness, University of Illinois Press, 1992, page 294
- Taylor, Troy 2008. Blood, Roses and Valentines: The haunted history of the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, accessdate 27 December 2012
- PDF He said he killed eight at God's command: Iowa preacher studying sermon on 'slay utterly' when impulse to slay seized him. New York Times, 2 September 1917, accessdate 28 December 2012
- Villisca Axe Murders, 1912, accessdate 28 December 2012.
- Carlson, Mark, 100 Years After Iowa Ax Murders, Case Remains Unsolved Archived 2012-09-13 at the Wayback Machine. KCRG ABC, accessdate 28 December 2012.
- PBS Online. People & Events: Pottawatomie Massacre "John Brown's Holy War." The American Experience. WGBH, 1999, accessdate 28 December 2012.
- Reynolds, David S. John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights. New York: Vintage, 2005. ISBN 0-375-41188-7.
- Kansas Historical Society. Marais des Cygnes Massacre site, June 2011, accessdate 28 December 2012.
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- Crime Library. The Wichita Horror Archived 2006-11-16 at the Wayback Machine., accessdate 25 October 2014.
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- Shoalmire, Jimmy G., Carpetbagger Extraordinary: Marshall H. Twitchell, 1840–1905, dissertation at Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, 1969
- Bell, Ellen Baker, Thibodaux Massacre (1887), KnowLA Encyclopedia of Louisiana, 15 September 2011, accessdate 2 January 2013
- Rodrigue, John. Reconstruction in the Cane Fields: From Slavery to Free Labor in Louisiana’s Sugar Parishes, 1862–1880. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.
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- A Fair Account of the Late Unhappy Disturbance at Boston. London: B. White. 1770. OCLC 535966548. Original printing of the governor's account.
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- FBI story of the Kansas City Massacre Archived 2009-10-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- Sunderwith, Richard, The Burning of Osceola, Missouri
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- "Was there a Saltville Massacre in 1864?" David Brown's analysis Archived 2012-12-19 at Archive.is