List of massively multiplayer online role-playing games

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This is a selected list of massively multiplayer online role-playing games. MMORPGs are large multi-user games that take place in perpetual online worlds with a great number of other players. In most MMORPGs each player controls an avatar that interacts with other players, completes tasks to gain experience, and acquires items.

Business models[edit]

MMORPGs today use a wide range of business models, from free of charge, free with microtransactions, advertise funded, to various kinds of payment plans. This list uses the following terms.

  • Free-to-play (F2P) means that there is no cost to purchase the software and there is no subscription charge. Variably applies to traditionally bought and forever available games (see Buy-to-play below). Most newer MMOs that fall under this category now includes microtransactions however, which causes them to overlap with the Freemium model.
  • Freemium means that the majority or all of the game's content is available for free but players can pay for extra content, character customization, added perks or faster advancement into the game via microtransactions.
  • Buy-to-play (B2P) means that the MMO can only be played by purchasing the game, but there is no subsequent subscription fee for playing the game. These games may or may not include additional microtransactions, or may sell additional content in the form of expansions instead of asking for an ongoing subscription fee.
  • Pay-to-play (P2P) means that the MMO requires a monthly subscription fee or other ongoing fee in order to continue playing the game. It may also require an up-front purchase of the game in addition to the monthly subscription fee, though many of these up-front purchases include a month of game time. This was once the most common way for MMOs to finance themselves, but has fallen out of favor in recent years as an increasing number of games have switched to other business models due to difficulty in retaining a stable playerbase.

List of MMORPGs[edit]

Title Status Graphics Setting Subscription model Initial release date Discontinued date Distribution Notes
The 4th Coming 2D (isometric) Fantasy Buy-to-play 1999 Now known as T4C v2
Ace Online 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 2006
AdventureQuest Worlds 2D Medieval fantasy Freemium 2008 Browser-based
The Aetherlight: Chronicles of the Resistance 3D Steampunk Buy-to-play 2016
Age of Conan: Hyborian Adventures 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2008 This game features a combo based combat system.
Age of Wulin 3D Martial Arts, Wuxia (fantasy) Freemium 2013
AIKA Online 3D Medieval fantasy Free-to-play 2009
Aion: The Tower of Eternity Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2008
Albion Online Active 3D Medieval fantasy Buy-to-play with optional subscription model 2017 Steam
Allods Online Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2010 Steam
Anarchy Online Active 3D Science fiction Freemium 2001
Angel Love Online 2D Fantasy Freemium 2006 Downloadable client (Windows only). Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 3
ArcheAge Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2013 Open-sandbox player built world, large-scale crafting interactions (building own ship to sail with, etc)
Ashen Empires 2D (isometric) Fantasy Freemium 2002 Housing, Guilds, 3 Expansions, Downloadable client (Windows only)
Asheron's Call 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 1999 2017-01-31[1] Has player housing
Asheron's Call 2 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2002 2005-12-30, 2017-01-31[2]
Atlantica Online 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2008 Turn-based strategy
Aura Kingdom Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2014
Battlestar Galactica Online 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 2011 Browser-based, Battlestar Galactica license
Black Desert Online Active 3D Medieval fantasy Freemium (Asia), Buy-to-play (EU/NA) 2015 Steam Active, open-sandbox player built world - Manual aim action combat
Blade & Soul Active 3D Fantasy, martial arts Freemium 2012 Manual aim action combat (within melee/short ranged combat)
Cabal Online 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2005
Camelot Unchained Development 3D Fantasy, Mythology (Arthurian)(Celtic)(Norse) Pay-to-play 2019
Champions Online Active 3D Superheroes Freemium 2009
City of Heroes 3D Superheroes Freemium 2004-04-27 2012-11-30 Formerly pay-to-play
City of Villains 3D Superheroes Freemium 2005-10-31 2012-11-30
Clan Lord 2D Fantasy Pay for account; free-to-play 1998 Downloadable client for Windows & Mac
Clone Wars Adventures 3D Sci-fi Free-to-play 2010-09-15 2014-03-31
Crowns of Power 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2008
Dark Age of Camelot 3D Mythology (Arthurian) Pay-to-play 2001
Dark Ages 2D Mythology (Celtic) Pay for account; free-to-play 1999
Dark and Light 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2006 2008
Darkeden 2D Horror Freemium 2002 2013
Darkfall Closed 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2009 2012-11-15 Independent development continues as Darkfall: New Dawn and Rise of Agon.
Darkfall Unholy Wars Closed 3D Medieval fantasy Pay-to-play 2013 2016-05-28
DarkSpace Active 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 2001 Open source
DC Universe Online 3D Superheroes Freemium 2011 Base game is free-to-play with restrictions
Dead Frontier 3D Horror Freemium 2008 Pay for extras, Browser-based
Defiance 3D Post-apocalyptic Free-to-play 2013 Tie-in to the Syfy show of the same name
Digimon Masters Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2011 Steam
Dofus 2D (isometric) Fantasy Freemium 2004 Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)
Tactical combat
Dragon Ball Online 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2010 Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)
Tactical combat
Dragon Nest Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2010 Manual aim action combat
Dragon Oath 3D Mythology (Chinese) Free-to-play 2007 Based on the novel Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils by Jin Yong
Dragon Quest X 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2012 Multiplatform: Wii, Wii U
Dragonica Varies 3D Fantasy Freemium 2009 Varies Servers in most regions were closed in 2010 or 2011, but US servers remain active under the name Dragon Saga
Dragon's Prophet 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2013 2015 in the US, still running in Europe Capture, train and ride dragons, fight with them
Drakensang Online 3D Fantasy Freemium 2012 Uses downloadable client and launcher
Dungeons & Dragons Online Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2006 Steam D&D 3.5 Edition ruleset
Dynasty Warriors Online 3D Historical fantasy (China), martial arts Free-to-play 2006 Hack and slash
Earth and Beyond 3D Science fiction Pay-to-play 2002-09-24 2004-09-22 Space vehicle piloting, trading, leveling
Echo of Soul 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2013
The Elder Scrolls Online Active 3D Medieval fantasy Buy-to-play with optional subscription model 2014 Steam Manual aim action combat. Formerly a subscription based, but changed to buy-to-play on March 17, 2015.
Elsword Active 2D (isometric) Fantasy Free-to-play 2007 Potential sequel to GC
Emil Chronicle Online 3D Fantasy Freemium 2005 2010
Empire of Sports 3D Modern sports Free-to-play 2008 April 2016 Sports-based
Empire & State 2D Science fiction Free-to-play 2011 Browser-based political strategy MMORPG
Entropia Universe 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 2003
Eternal Lands 3D Fantasy Freemium 2003 Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)
EVE Online Active 3D Science fiction Freemium 2003 Steam Space vehicle piloting, trading, and business management
EverQuest Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 1999 Steam Formerly pay-to-play
EverQuest II Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2004 Steam Sequel to EverQuest
EverQuest Next Cancelled 3D Fantasy Active, open world, Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 4. Cancelled as of 2016
Face of Mankind 3D Science fiction Freemium 2009
Fallen Earth 3D Post-apocalyptic Freemium 2009
Fantage Closed 2D Fantasy Freemium 2008 2018-06-30 Browser-based
Fantasy Earth Zero Closed 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2006 2013 50vs50 PvP-oriented gameplay
Fantasy Westward Journey 2D Fantasy (Chinese) Free-to-play 2004 Inspired by Journey to the West
Fiesta Online 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2007
Final Fantasy XI Active 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2002 Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360
Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn Active 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2013 Steam Relaunch of Final Fantasy XIV. Now known as Final Fantasy XIV: Shadowbringers with latest expansion. Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4
Firefall Closed 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 2014 2017-07-07 First-person/third-person shooter
Flyff Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2005
Fragoria 3D Fantasy Freemium 2011 Browser-based
Free Realms Closed 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2009-04-28 2014-03-31
Gekkeiju Online 3D Medieval fantasy Free-to-play 2003 Anime-based. New version in 2010 with ""Occulus Rift"" support
GodsWar Online 3D Mythology (Greek) Free-to-play 2009
Granado Espada 3D Historical fantasy (Age of Exploration) Pay-to-play 2007
Grand Chase Closed 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2003 2015-04-15 Client download required
Guild Wars Active 3D Fantasy Buy-to-Play 2005 Steam
Guild Wars 2 Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play / Buy-to-play 2012 Launcher Manual aim action combat (guided, optional); Sequel to Guild Wars
Hello Kitty Online 3D Cartoon Free-to-play 2009 Client download required.
Hero Online 3D Mythology (Chinese) Free-to-play 2006
Identity 3D Fantasy N/A N/A
Illyriad Active 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2011 Browser Based
Infantry Online 2D Science Fiction Free-to-play 1999
Istaria: Chronicles of the Gifted 3D Fantasy Free-to-play / Pay-to-play 2003 Name changed from Horizons
Jade Dynasty 3D Fantasy, martial arts Freemium 2008 Latest expansion in 2013
Kal Online 3D Fantasy Freemium 2004
Knight Online Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2004 Steam
LaTale 2D (side-scrolling) Fantasy Freemium 2009 2010
The Legend of Ares 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2007 2009-05
The Legend of Mir 2 2D (sprite-based) Fantasy Free-to-play 2001
The Legend of Mir 3 2D (sprite-based) Fantasy Pay-to-play 2004 Sequel to The Legend of Mir 2
Lineage Closed 2D (sprite-based) Fantasy Pay-to-play 1998 2011 North American servers shut down on June 29, 2011.
Lineage II Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2003 Sequel to Lineage, formerly pay-to-play until the 2011 expansion
Lineage III Development 3D Fantasy TBA Sequel to Lineage II
Little Space Heroes 2D Kids Freemium 2011 2015
The Lord of the Rings Online Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2007 Steam
Love 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2010 Builder
Mabinogi Active 3D Fantasy, mythology (Welsh) Free-to-play 2004 Steam
MapleStory Active 2D (side-scrolling) Fantasy Free-to-play 2003
MapleStory 2 Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2015 Sequel to MapleStory
Marvel Heroes 3D Superheroes Free-to-play 2013 2017-11-27
Matrix Online 3D Science fiction Pay-to-play 2005-03-22 2009-07-31
Meridian 59 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 1995 Formerly pay-to-play
Metin 2 3D Fantasy Freemium 2004
Minions of Mirth 3D Fantasy Freemium 2005
MonsterMMORPG 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2009 Browser-based
Mortal Online Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2010 Steam Formerly pay-to-play
MU Online Active 3D Medieval fantasy Free-to-play 2003
Myst Online 3D Ancient Fantasy Free-to-play 2007 Open source; formerly pay-to-play
Mythos 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2011 2014-01-22
Neocron 3D Cyberpunk Free-to-play 2002 FPS-style gameplay, second installment run by the game's community
Neverwinter Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2013 Steam Manual aim action combat
Nexus: The Kingdom of the Winds 2D (sprite-based; overhead) Mythology (Korean) Pay-to-play 1996
Omerta Active Text Mafia Free-to-play 2003
Pantheon: Rise of the Fallen Development 3D Fantasy Spiritual successor to the original EverQuest
Parallel Kingdom 3D Fantasy Freemium 2008
Pardus 2D Science fiction Free-to-play 2004 Browser-based, space war and trading game
Perfect World Active 3D Fantasy (Chinese) Freemium 2005 Latest expansion in 2013
Perpetuum[3][4] Closed 3D Science fiction Buy-to-play 2010 Persistent sandbox MMORPG. Formerly a subscription[5]
Phantasy Star Online 2 3D Science Fiction Freemium 2012
Phoenix Dynasty Online Closed 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2007 2010-12-08
Pirate101 Active 3D Fantasy, kids Freemium 2012 Pirate game, kid-safe chat
Pirates of the Burning Sea 3D Historical (maritime) Free-to-play 2008
Pirates of the Caribbean Online Closed 3D Adventure Free-to-play 2007 2013-09-01
PlaneShift 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2000 Open source
Poptropica Active 2D (side-scrolling) Cartoon, kids Freemium 2007 Browser-based, no downloadable client required
Priston Tale 3D Fantasy Freemium 2001
Priston Tale 2 3D Fantasy Freemium 2008 2013
Puppet Guardian 2D (isometric; adventure) Fantasy Free-to-play 2007
Puzzle Pirates 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2003
Ragnarok Online Active 2D/3D[6] Fantasy, mythology (Norse/mixed) Freemium/Pay-to-play (Depending on the server) 2002 Steam
Ragnarok Online 2 Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2012 Steam Sequel to Ragnarok Online
Ran Online 3D Campus fantasy Freemium 2004
Realm of the Mad God Active 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2011 Steam Browser-based
The Realm Online 2D (sprite-based) Fantasy Pay-to-play 1996
Red Stone 2D Fantasy Free-to-play 2004
Regnum Online 3D Medieval fantasy Freemium 2007
Requiem: Memento Mori 3D Dark fantasy Free-to-play 2008
RF Online 3D Science fiction Pay-to-play 2006
Rift Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2011 Steam Formerly pay-to-play
Rohan: Blood Feud 3D Fantasy Freemium 2008
ROSE Online 3D Fantasy Freemium 2005
Rubies of Eventide 3D Medieval fantasy Free-to-play 2003 2009
Runes of Magic 3D Medieval fantasy Freemium 2009
RuneScape Active 3D Medieval fantasy Freemium with subscription model 2001 Standalone Browser-based, Java and HTML 5. Optional membership will unlock more skills and quests. Currently 2 separate games, RuneScape 3 ("current" game) and Oldschool RuneScape (game as it was circa 2007).
Rusty Hearts 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2011 2014 Hack and slash
Ryzom Active 3D Science fantasy Freemium 2004 Steam Free-to-play (up to level 125), pay-to-play (to max level). Open source
Salem Active 3D Historical (17th century) fantasy Free-to-play 2012 Standalone
Crafting-based
Sangokushi Online 3D Historical (Chinese) Pay-to-play 2008 2010-07-19 Part of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms series by Koei
Scions of Fate or Yulgang 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2005
Seal Online 3D Fantasy Freemium 2003
The Secret World 3D Modern Buy-to-play 2012 Steam Formerly pay-to-play
Shadowbane 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2003-03-25 2009-07-01 Switched to "free-to-play" in March 15, 2006, supported by ads
Shin Megami Tensei: Imagine 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2007
Sho Online 3D Historical fantasy (China) Free-to-play 2008
Shot-Online 3D Sports (golf) Freemium 2004
Shroud of the Avatar: Forsaken Virtues 3D Fantasy Buy-to-play 2018 Spiritual successor to the Ultima series
Silkroad Online Active 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2005
Skyforge Active 3D Fantasy (Mythic/Sci-fi) Freemium 2015 Russian-based developers. Manual aim action combat
Soul of the Ultimate Nation Closed 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2007 2013-07-03
Spiral Knights Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2009 Java
StarQuest Online Closed 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 2007 2014 Downloadable client (Windows)
Star Trek Online 3D Science fiction Freemium 2010 Switched to "free-to-play" in January 17, 2012
Star Wars Galaxies Closed 3D Science fiction Pay-to-play 2003-06-26 2011-12-15 The first Star Wars MMORPG used a "sandbox" approach with a totally player-driven economy
Star Wars: The Old Republic Active 3D Science fiction Freemium 2011 Standalone Spiritual sequel of 2003's Game of the year Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic, formerly pay-to-play
Stellar Dawn Development paused 3D Science fiction Development started back in 2006 as Mechscape, which was scrapped in 2009. In 2010 Stellar Dawn was announced, though in March 2012 the development was paused so the developer, Jagex, could focus on their other games.
Tabula Rasa Closed 3D Science Fiction Pay-to-play 2007 2009
A Tale in the Desert Active 3D Mythology (Egyptian) Pay-to-play 2003 Standalone Non-combat-oriented RPG
Tales of Pirates Closed 3D Fantasy (Maritime) Free-to-play 2007 2016-29-02 During 2010 server data was transferred to a revamped client called Tales of Pirates II
TERA: Rising Active 3D Fantasy Freemium 2011 Steam Manual aim action combat (True Action combat)
Terra 3D Science fiction Free-to-play 1996
Tibia Active 2D (sprite-based; overhead) Fantasy Free-to-play 1997 Downloadable client (Windows, Linux).
Toontown Online Closed 3D Fantasy, Cartoon Freemium 2003 2013-09-19 MMORPG designed for families to play, mostly targeted towards children.
Toontown Rewritten Active 3D Fantasy, Cartoon Free-to-play 2014 Standalone MMORPG designed for families to play, mostly targeted towards children. Fan-made revival of Toontown Online, created using publicly available downloads and information made freely available to the general public.
Trove Active 3D Fantasy, Cartoon Freemium 2013
Twelve Sky 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2007
Twelve Sky 2 3D Fantasy Free-to-play 2008
Ultima Online Active 2D/3D Medieval fantasy Free-to-play 1997

The term MMORPG was first coined by Ultima Online creator Richard Garriott in 1997.[7]

Uncharted Waters Online 3D Historical (maritime) Pay-to-play 2005
Underlight 3D Fantasy (Dream) Free-to-play 1998 Original servers were shut down in December 2006. Re-launched in September 2014 by KoiWare.
Vanguard: Saga of Heroes Closed 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2007-01-30 2014-07-31
Vendetta Online 3D Science fiction Pay-to-play 2004 Space vehicle piloting and twitch-based interface
Vindictus Active 3D Fantasy (Celtic) Free-to-play 2010 Steam Manual aim action combat
Voyage Century Online 3D Historical (maritime) Free-to-play 2006
Wakfu 2D (isometric) Fantasy Freemium 2012 Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux). Tactical combat.
Warhammer Online: Age of Reckoning Closed 3D Fantasy Freemium 2008 2013-12-18
WildStar Closed 3D Fantasy, Science fiction Free-to-play 2014 2018-11-28 Manual aim action combat (telegraphed). Became Free-to-play on September 29, 2015
With Your Destiny 3D Fantasy (Scandinavian) Free-to-play 2003
Wizard101 Active 3D Fantasy, kids Freemium 2008 Wizard game with cards, kid-safe chat
Wizardry Online 3D Fantasy Freemium 2013 2014 Based on Wizardry series
WonderKing Online 2D (side-scrolling) Fantasy Free-to-play 2006
Wonderland Online 2D (special) Fantasy Free-to-play 2008, March Anime/Manga based
World of the Living Dead 2D Survival Strategy Free-to-play 2014 2014 Map-Based Survival Game with PvP, Factions, Customization, Upgrades & Crafting. Defunct 2014
World of Warcraft Active 3D Fantasy Pay-to-play 2004 Launcher Free-to-play until level 20
Wurm Online Active 3D Medieval fantasy Freemium 2006 Sandbox game with hundreds of skills, multiple kingdoms, and a deep crafting system.
Xsyon 3D Apocalyptic Fantasy Buy-to-play[8][9] 2011 Apocalyptic Fantasy Sandbox MMORPG - Currently in the Prelude phase.
Zhengtu 2D Mythology (Chinese) Freemium 2008

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bree Royce (20 December 2016). "ASHERON'S CALL AND ITS SEQUEL WILL SUNSET AS PART OF THE TURBINE/STANDING STONE SPLIT". Massively Overpowered. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. ^ Bree Royce (20 December 2016). "ASHERON'S CALL AND ITS SEQUEL WILL SUNSET AS PART OF THE TURBINE/STANDING STONE SPLIT". Massively Overpowered. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  3. ^ Rossignol, Jim (2010-06-02). "Interview: Perpetuum Online". Rockpapershotgun.com. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
  4. ^ Brendan Drain (2011-06-26). "Perpetuum receives influx of EVE players". Massively.com. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
  5. ^ "Perpetuum Developer Blog: The end of subscriptions, the start of something new". blog.perpetuum-online.com. 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
  6. ^ 3D environment with 2D sprites
  7. ^ Safko, Ron; Brake, David (2009). The Social Media Bible: Tactics, Tools, and Strategies for Business Success. Wiley. ISBN 0-470-41155-4. Richard Garriott first coined the term MMORPG in 1997.
  8. ^ http://www.xsyon.com/entry.php/186-Xsyon-MMORPG-Drops-Subscriptions!
  9. ^ http://mmorpg.com/gamelist.cfm/game/514/view/news/read/37662/Xsyon-Subscription-Drops-as-New-B2P-Option-Goes-Live.html