List of mayors and lord mayors of Brisbane
|Lord Mayor of Brisbane|
Original Crest of the City of Brisbane
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Member of||Liberal National Party|
|Term length||4 Years|
|Inaugural holder||William Jolly|
|Formation||1 October 1925|
History of governance of Brisbane
The Municipality of Brisbane was gazetted on 25 May 1859 and proclaimed by the Governor of New South Wales on 7 September 1859. The first local government area in Queensland, Brisbane was the only one incorporated prior to the establishment of Queensland as a separate colony.
On 31 March 1903 the Local Authorities Act 1902 came into effect, and Part 2, Section 10 of the Act proclaimed Brisbane a city. The city's boundaries at this point only covered Brisbane's centre and the immediate surrounding suburbs.
On 1 October 1925 the City of Brisbane Act 1924 established a new City of Brisbane and its governing council, the Brisbane City Council. The new boundaries included 18 former local-government areas and parts of two others; it covered what was at that time the extent of Brisbane's metropolitan area.
Mayors of the Brisbane Municipal Council (1859–1902)
|Thomas Blacket Stephens||1862|||
|Albert John Hockings (1st term)||1865|
|Richard Symes Warry||1866|
|Albert John Hockings (2nd term)||1867|
|Edward Joseph Baines||1872|
|Richard Ash Kingsford||1876|
|John Daniel Heal||1879|
|Abram Robertson Byram||1883|
|John McMaster (1st term)||1884|
|Benjamin Harris Babbidge||1885|
|William McNaughton Galloway||1889|
|John McMaster (2nd term)||1890|
|John Allworth Clark||1891|
|John McMaster (3rd term)||1893|
|Robert Woods Thurlow||1896|
|John McMaster (4th term)||1897|
|William Andrew Seal||1899|
|James Nicol Robinson||1900|
|Thomas Proe (1st term)||1901|
The Brisbane Municipal Council generally followed the practice of rotating the role of mayor among the aldermen, thus many mayors served for only one year and some served multiple times some years apart. The council "year" commenced and ended in about February to avoid a change-over during the summer holidays, so the mayor for 1890 would, strictly speaking, be the mayor into early 1891.
Most of the early aldermen and mayors of the Municipality of Brisbane were prominent local men rather than representatives of political parties.
Mayors of the Brisbane City Council (1903–1925)
Brisbane became a city on 31 March 1903. The list of mayors of the Brisbane City Council (1903–1925) appears below.
|Thomas Proe (2nd term)||1905|
|William Murray Thompson||1907|
|Charles Packenham Buchanan (1st term)||1908|
|John Hetherington (1st term)||1910|
|Harry Diddams (1st term)||1911|
|Alfred John Raymond||1912|
|Charles Moffatt Jenkinson||1914|
|John Hetherington (2nd term)||1916–1917|
|John McMaster (5th term)||1918–1919|
|Charles Packenham Buchanan (2nd term)||1919–1919|
|James Francis Maxwell||1920–1921|
|Harry Diddams (2nd term)||1921–1924|
|Thomas Wilson (2nd term)||1925|
Lord Mayors of Brisbane City Council
On 1 October 1925, the City of Brisbane Act 1924 came into force, and 18 local government areas (including the Municipality of Brisbane) and parts of two others were amalgamated to form the City of Brisbane, governed by the Brisbane City Council.
The City of Brisbane Act was amended several times over the years by successive state governments, which changed the way in which the Lord Mayor was elected, and also the number of wards in the city. The two main ways in which the Lord Mayor are elected are direct election and election by majority vote of councilors (originally called aldermen).
List of Lord Mayors
|Mayor||Party||Term||No of terms||Election details||Departure details|
|William Alfred Jolly||United Party (later renamed Nationalist Civic Party||1925–1931||2||Elected mayor by popular vote||Retired just prior to the end of his term.|
|Archibald Watson||Nationalist Civic Party||1931||N/A||Elected mayor by majority vote of aldermen for remainder of term (24/2/1931 to 11/5/1931)||Lost election of 2 May 1931|
|John William (Billy) Greene||Progress Party/Independent||1931–1934||1L||Elected as alderman of Wynnum and then elected mayor by majority vote of aldermen (as a compromise candidate)||Lost 1934 Election for Lord Mayor|
|Alfred James Jones||Labor||1934–1940||2||Elected mayor by popular vote||Lost election in 1940.|
|Sir John Beals Chandler||Citizens' Municipal Organisation||1940–1952||4||Elected mayor by popular vote||Lost election in 1952.|
|Frank Edward Roberts||Labor||1952–1955||1||Elected mayor by popular vote||Lost election as an Independent in 1955.|
|Sir Reg Groom||Citizens' Municipal Organisation||1955–1961||2||Elected mayor by popular vote||Retired in 1961 and did not re-contest.|
|Clem Jones||Labor||1961–1975||5||Elected mayor by popular vote||Retired in 1975 before the end of his 5th term.|
|Bryan Walsh||Labor||1975–1976||N/A||Elected mayor by majority vote of aldermen||Lost his seat of Chermside in 1976 election, despite Labor victory.|
|Frank Sleeman||Labor||1976–1982||2||Elected mayor by majority vote of aldermen||Did not recontest the 1982 election.|
|Roy Harvey||Labor||1982–1985||1||Elected mayor by popular vote||Lost 1985 election.|
|Sallyanne Atkinson||Liberal||1985–1991||2||Elected mayor by popular vote||Lost 1991 election.|
|Jim Soorley||Labor||1991–2003||4||Elected mayor by popular vote||Retired midway through last term.|
|Tim Quinn||Labor||2003–2004||1||Elected mayor by majority vote of councillors||Lost 2004 election.|
|Campbell Newman||Liberal||2004–2008||Elected mayor by popular vote||Retired from mayoralty to contest state election.|
|Graham Quirk||Liberal National||2011—present||1||2011 Elected mayor by majority vote of councillors, 2012 elected by popular vote|
Historical party names
Prior to the formation of the Liberal Party in 1944, conservative councillors stood on a variety of different platforms: the Unity Party, Nationalist Citizens Party, Civic Reform League, the Citizens Municipal Organization and the Liberal Civic Party.
The United Party and its successor the Nationalist Citizens Party were created as the vehicle for conservative candidates to campaign against Labor candidates in the newly formed Brisbane City Council. The Nationalist Citizens Party was doomed when the very conservative Civic Reform League was created on 12 December 1930. This saw most of the conservative councillors from the Nationalist Citizens Party - led by Acting Mayor Watson - defect to the Civic Reform League, which failed to win the subsequent elections. The Progress Party was created at the same time and for the 1931 election saw only three of its candidates win, including John Greene, who became Lord Mayor as a compromise candidate amongst the 20 alderman.
The Citizens' Municipal Organization (CMO) was ostensibly a nonpartisan grouping, but was informally aligned with firstly the United Australian Party, then the Liberal Party (after 1944). The CMO was formed on 23 June 1936 and was the platform for the election campaigns of Sir John Chandler and Sir Reg Groom. The organization then became the Liberal Civic Party after the 1970 election due to the abysmal results against popular incumbent, Clem Jones. Finally in the 1976 election, the Liberal Party began to contest the elections directly.
- Larcombe, F.A. (Frederick) (1973). The Origin of Local Government in New South Wales 1831–58. Sydney University Press. p. 274. ISBN 0-424-06610-6.
- "Agency Details – Brisbane City Council I". 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
- Brisbane City Council Archives
- The Mayors of Brisbane, The Queenslander, Saturday 6 February 1892, page 278
- Australian History Publishing Co (1936), Queensland and Queenslanders : incorporating 'Prominent Queenslanders', Australian History Publishing Co, p. 270, retrieved 1 October 2015 — available online
- "MR. T. WILSON DEAD". The Brisbane Courier (23,495) (Queensland, Australia). 20 May 1933. p. 12. Retrieved 2 April 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Lord Mayor Graham Quirk". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 2012-03-27.
- Shaping A City – Making Greater Brisbane Work (1925–1985), John Cole (1985), Published by William Brooks Queensland
- John Cole (1985). Shaping A City – Making Greater Brisbane Work (1925–1985). William Brooks Queensland. pp. 49–52, 73–78.
- John Cole (1985). Shaping A City – Making Greater Brisbane Work (1925–1985). William Brooks Queensland. p. 74.
- John Cole (1985). Shaping A City – Making Greater Brisbane Work (1925–1985). William Brooks Queensland. pp. 98, 107–108.