List of mayors of Florence
|Mayor of Florence|
|Style||No title or style|
|Appointer||Electorate of Florence|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Ferdinando Bartolommei|
|Formation||27 April 1859|
The Mayor of Florence is an elected politician who, along with Florence’s City Council of 36 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Florence. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.
According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Florence is member of the Florence's City Council. Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the five boroughs of Florence, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.
The Mayor is elected by the population of Florence. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government.
Since 1995 the Mayor is elected directly by Florence's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.
List of Mayor of Florence (1781-present)
Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1781-1859)
In 1781 was created the office of Maire of Florence were appointed by the Grand Duke of Tuscany.
- 1781-17?? — Giuseppe Maria Panzanini
- 17??-1809 — ?
- 1809–1811 — Emilio Pucci
- 1811–1814 — Girolamo Bartolommei
- 1814-1843 — Luigi de Cambray Digny
- 1843-1848 — Bettino Ricasoli
- 1848–1850 — Ubaldino Peruzzi
- Triumvirate 1850-1854 — Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi, Giuseppe Montanelli, Giuseppe Mazzoni
- 1854-1859 — ?
Kingdom of Italy (1859-1946)
In 1859, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Florence (Sindaco di Firenze), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with an authoritarian Podestà chosen by the National Fascist Party.
Republic of Italy (1946-present)
From 1946 to 1995, the Mayor of Florence was chosen by the City council.
|Mayor||Term start||Term end||Party||Coalition|
|1||Mario Fabiani||29 November 1946||5 July 1951||Italian Communist Party||PCI - PSI - PRI - PdA|
|2||Giorgio La Pira||5 July 1951||15 February 1965||Christian Democracy||DC - PRI - PSDI|
|3||Lelio Lagorio||15 February 1965||1 August 1966||Italian Socialist Party||DC - PSI - PSDI|
|4||Piero Bargellini||1 August 1966||3 November 1967||Christian Democracy||DC - PSI - PSDI|
|5||Luciano Bausi||3 November 1967||12 September 1974||Christian Democracy||DC - PSI - PSDI|
|6||Giancarlo Zoli||12 September 1974||26 July 1975||Christian Democracy||DC - PSI - PSDI|
|7||Elio Gabbuggiani||26 July 1975||14 March 1983||Italian Communist Party||PCI - PSI - PRI|
|8||Alessandro Bonsanti||14 March 1983||26 March 1984||Italian Republican Party||PCI - PSI - PRI|
|9||Lando Conti||26 March 1984||26 September 1985||Italian Republican Party||PCI - PSI - PRI|
|10||Massimo Bogianckino||26 September 1985||2 October 1989||Italian Socialist Party||PCI - PSI - PSDI|
|11||Giorgio Morales||2 October 1989||24 April 1995||Italian Socialist Party||PCI - PSI - PSDI (1989-90)
PSI - DC - PSDI (1990-95)
Since 1995, enacting a new law on local administrations (1993), the Mayor of Florence is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 1999 every five years.
|Mayor of Florence||Took office||Left office||Party||Coalition|
|12||Mario Primicerio||24 April 1995||14 June 1999||Independent||PDS - PRC - Greens
24 April 1995 – 14 June 1999
|13||Leonardo Domenici||14 June 1999||22 June 2009||Democrats of the Left then
|The Olive Tree
14 June 1999 – 27 June 2004
|The Olive Tree
27 June 2004 – 22 June 2009
|14||Matteo Renzi||22 June 2009||22 March 2014||Democratic Party||PD - IDV - SEL
22 June 2009 – 26 May 2014
|15||Dario Nardella||26 May 2014||Incumbent||Democratic Party||PD
since 26 May 2014
Mayoral and Council election, 2014
|Florence Mayoral Election Results 2014|
|Dario Nardella||Democratic Party (PD)||111,049||59.1|
|Marco Stella||Forza Italia (FI)||22,645||12.1|
|Miriam Amato||Five Stars Movement (M5S)||17,525||9.3|
|Tommaso Grassi||Left Ecology Freedom (SEL)||15,410||8.2|
|Florence Council Election 2014 - Parties |
|Center-left (Nardella)||109,918||59.7||24+1||Democratic Party
|Center-right (Stella)||22,240||12.1||4||Forza Italia
|Five Stars Movement (Amato)||17,486||9.3||3||Five Stars Movement||17,486||9.3||3|
|Left (Grassi)||14,598||8.2||3||Left Ecology Freedom
Communist Refoundation Party
- Resigned after swearing as Prime Minister.
-  Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2014.