List of mayors of Florence

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Mayor of Florence
FlorenceCoA.svg
Dario Nardella daticamera.jpg
Incumbent
Dario Nardella (PD)

since 26 May 2014
Style No title or style
Residence Palazzo Vecchio
Appointer Electorate of Florence
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Ferdinando Bartolommei
Formation 27 April 1859
Succession May 2019
Deputy Cristina Giachi
Salary €145,272
Website Official website

The Mayor of Florence is an elected politician who, along with Florence’s City Council of 36 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Florence. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

The office was created in 1781 by Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

The current mayor of Florence is Dario Nardella, a left-wing musician member of the Democratic Party.

Overview[edit]

According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Florence is member of the Florence's City Council. Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the five boroughs of Florence, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.

The Mayor is elected by the population of Florence. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government.

Since 1995 the Mayor is elected directly by Florence's electorate: in all mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 the voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Vecchio in Piazza della Signoria.

List of Mayor of Florence (1781-present)[edit]

Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1781-1859)[edit]

In 1781 was created the office of Annual Gonfaloniere of Florence who was appointed by the Grand Duke of Tuscany every year.

  • 1781-1783 - Giuseppe Maria Panzanini
  • 1783-1784 - Francesco Catellini da Castiglione
  • 1784-1785 - Giovan Giorgio Ugolini
  • 1785-1786 - Maldonato Amadio d'Alma
  • 1786-1787 - Alberto Rimbotti
  • 1787-1788 - Giuseppe Baldovinetti di Poggio
  • 1788-1789 - Giuseppe Arnaldi
  • 1789-1790 - Alberto Rimbotti
  • 1790-1791 - Miniato Miniati
  • 1791-1792 - Pietro Baldigiani
  • 1792-1793 - Ferdinando de' Bardi
  • 1793-1794 - Pietro Soderini
  • 1794-1795 - Antonio da Castiglione
  • 1795-1796 - Francesco Passerini
  • 1796-1797 - Vieri De' Cerchi
  • 1797-1798 - Ottavio Pitti
  • 1798-1799 - Leonardo Buonarroti
  • 1799-1800 - Orazio Smeraldo Morelli
  • 1800-1801 - Francesco Catellini da Castiglione
  • 1801-1802 - Niccolò Arrighi
  • 1802-1803 - Michele Roti
  • 1803-1804 - Pietro Mancini
  • 1804-1805 - Giovanni Carlo Mori Ubaldini
  • 1805-1806 - Giulio Orlandini
  • 1806-1807 - Vespasiano Marzichi
  • 1807-1808 - Tommaso Guadagni
  • 1808-1809 - Filippo Guadagni


In 1809, during the period of the newborn Kingdom of Etruria, it was temporarily created the office of Maire of Florence.


In 1815 the office of Gonfaloniere of Florence was restored.

  • 1815-1816 - Giovanni Battista Gondi
  • 1816-1817 - Giovanni Rosselli de Turco
  • 1817-1821 - Tommaso Corsi
  • 1821-1825 - Jacopo Guidi
  • 1826-1828 - Giovanni Battista Covoni
  • 1829-1831 - Giovanni Battista Andrea Boubon del Monte
  • 1832-1834 - Cosimo Antinori
  • 1835-1840 - Gaetano de' Pazzi
  • 1841-1842 - Luigi de Cambray Digny
  • 1843-1846 - Pier Francesco Rinuccini
  • 1847 - Vincenzo Peruzzi
  • 1847-1848 — Bettino Ricasoli
  • 1848–1850 — Ubaldino Peruzzi
  • 1850 - Carlo Torrigiani
  • 1850-1853 - Vincenzo Capponi
  • 1854-1859 — Eduardo Dufour Berté

Kingdom of Italy (1859-1946)[edit]

In 1859, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Florence (Sindaco di Firenze), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with an authoritarian Podestà chosen by the National Fascist Party.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
1 Ferdinando Bartolommei 1859 1864 Independent
2 Luigi Guglielmo Cambray-Digny 1864 1867 Independent
3 Lorenzo Ginori Lisci 1867 1868 Historical Right
4 Ubaldino Peruzzi 1868 1873 Historical Right
5 Ermolao Rubieri 1873 1878 Historical Right
(4) Ubaldino Peruzzi 1878 1880 Historical Right
6 Tommaso Corsini 1880 1885 Historical Right
7 Piero Torrigiani 1885 1889 Historical Right
8 Francesco Guicciardini 1889 1890 Historical Right
(7) Piero Torrigiani 1890 1902 Historical Right
9 Silvio Berti 1902 1904 Historical Right
10 Ippolito Niccolini 1904 1907 Historical Right
11 Francesco Sangiorgi 1907 1910 Historical Left
12 Filippo Corsini 1910 1915 Italian Liberal Party
13 Oronzo Bacci 1915 1917 Italian Liberal Party
12 Pier Francesco Serragli 1917 1920 Italian Liberal Party
13 Antonio Garbasso 1920 1926 National Fascist Party
Fascist Podestà (1926-1943)
1 Antonio Garbasso 1926 1928 National Fascist Party
2 Giuseppe Della Gherardesca 1928 1933 National Fascist Party
3 Paolo Venerosi Pesciolini 1933 1943 National Fascist Party
Allied occupation (1943-1946)
14 Gaetano Pieraccini 11 August 1943 29 November 1946 Italian Socialist Party

Republic of Italy (1946-present)[edit]

From 1946 to 1995, the Mayor of Florence was chosen by the City council.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party Coalition
1 Mario Fabiani 29 November 1946 5 July 1951 Italian Communist Party PCI - PSI - PRI - PdA
2 Giorgio La Pira 5 July 1951 15 February 1965 Christian Democracy DC - PRI - PSDI
3 Lelio Lagorio 15 February 1965 1 August 1966 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI
4 Piero Bargellini 1 August 1966 3 November 1967 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
5 Luciano Bausi 3 November 1967 12 September 1974 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
6 Giancarlo Zoli 12 September 1974 26 July 1975 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
7 Elio Gabbuggiani 26 July 1975 14 March 1983 Italian Communist Party PCI - PSI - PRI
8 Alessandro Bonsanti 14 March 1983 26 March 1984 Italian Republican Party PCI - PSI - PRI
9 Lando Conti 26 March 1984 26 September 1985 Italian Republican Party PCI - PSI - PRI
10 Massimo Bogianckino 26 September 1985 2 October 1989 Italian Socialist Party PCI - PSI - PSDI
11 Giorgio Morales 2 October 1989 24 April 1995 Italian Socialist Party PCI - PSI - PSDI (1989-90)
PSI - DC - PSDI (1990-95)

Since 1995, enacting a new law on local administrations (1993), the Mayor of Florence is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 1999 every five years.


Mayor of Florence Took office Left office Party Coalition
12 FlorenceCoA.svg Mario Primicerio 24 April 1995 14 June 1999 Independent PDS - PRC - Greens
24 April 1995 – 14 June 1999
13 FlorenceCoA.svg Leonardo Domenici 14 June 1999 22 June 2009 Democrats of the Left then
Democratic Party
The Olive Tree
14 June 1999 – 27 June 2004
The Olive Tree
27 June 2004 – 22 June 2009
14 Matteo Renzi cropped.png Matteo Renzi 22 June 2009 22 March 2014[1] Democratic Party PD - IDV - SEL
22 June 2009 – 26 May 2014
15 Dario Nardella daticamera.jpg Dario Nardella 26 May 2014 Incumbent Democratic Party PD
since 26 May 2014

Timeline[edit]

Dario Nardella Matteo Renzi Leonardo Domenici Pietro Bargellini Lelio Lagorio Giorgio La Pira

Elections[edit]

Mayoral and Council election, 2014[edit]

Florence Mayoral Election Results 2014
Name Party 1st Round
(25 May)
 %
Dario Nardella Democratic Party (PD) 111,049 59.1
Marco Stella Forza Italia (FI) 22,645 12.1
Miriam Amato Five Stars Movement (M5S) 17,525 9.3
Tommaso Grassi Left Ecology Freedom (SEL) 15,410 8.2
Florence City Council Election 2014 - Parties [2]
Coalition votes  % seats Party votes  % seats
Center-left (Nardella) 109,918 59.7 24+1 Democratic Party
Independents (6)
86,906
23,012
47.2
12.5
21
3
Center-right (Stella) 22,240 12.1 4 Forza Italia
Lega Nord
Independents (1)
17,988
1,598
2,645
9.8
0.9
1.4
4
-
-
Five Stars Movement (Amato) 17,486 9.3 3 Five Stars Movement 17,486 9.3 3
Left (Grassi) 14,598 8.2 3 Left Ecology Freedom
Communist Refoundation Party
Independents (1)
7,677
2,554
4,376
4.3
1.4
2.4
2
-
1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Resigned after swearing as Prime Minister.
  2. ^ [1] Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2014.