List of mayors of Naples

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Mayor of Naples
Sindaco di Napoli
CoA Città di Napoli.svg
Luigi de Magistris.jpg
Incumbent
Luigi De Magistris

since 1 June 2011
Appointer Electorate of Naples
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Andrea Colonna
Formation August 8, 1860
Succession May–June 2016
Deputy Tommaso Sodano
Salary €63,167
Website [4]
Naples' City Hall.
Castel Nuovo, seat of the City Council.

The Mayor of Naples is an elected politician who, along with the Naples’s City Council of 50 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Naples. Since 1 June 2011, Luigi De Magistris holds the position. Previously, the position was held by Rosa Russo Iervolino from the May 2001 until his succession by De Magistris.

The following is a list of Mayors of Naples, Italy.

List[edit]

Borbonic mayors (1813–1861)[edit]

  Mayor Term start Term end Appointer
1 Marino Carafa di Belvedere 30 March 1813 7 February 1817 Joachim I[1]
Ferdinand I
2 Michele de' Medici di Ottajano 7 February 1817 6 June 1818
3 Carlo Caracciolo 7 June 1818 2 March 1821
4 Francesco Tocco 23 July 1821 29 December 1823
5 Giuseppe Pignatelli 30 December 1823 30 December 1829
Francis I
5 Andrea Coppola 1 January 1830 26 May 1830
6 Troiano Spinelli 27 May 1830 31 December 1835 Ferdinand II
7 Giuseppe Caracciolo 1 January 1836 31 December 1838
8 Nazario Sanfelice 1 January 1839 20 December 1847
9 Nazario Sanfelice 16 July 1848 14 January 1857
10 Giuseppe Pignone del Carretto 27 January 1857 7 September 1860
Francis II
11 Andrea Colonna di Stigliano 8 September 1860 30 November 1860 Vacant
12 Giuseppe Colonna di Stigliano 1 December 1860 17 March 1861

Unitary mayors (1861–1926)[edit]

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
(12) Giuseppe Colonna di Stigliano 17 March 1861 8 May 1864 None
13 Rodrigo Nolli 1 September 1865 26 November 1866 Historical Right
14 Fedele De Siervo 27 November 1866 30 October 1867 Historical Right
15 Guglielmo Capitelli 17 April 1868 24 September 1870 Historical Right
16 Paolo Emilio Imbriani 25 September 1870 13 June 1872 Historical Right
17 Francesco Spinelli 3 October 1872 13 November 1875 Historical Right
18 Antonio Winspeare 14 November 1875 11 July 1876 Historical Right
19 Gennaro Sambiase Sanseverino 12 July 1876 26 April 1878 Historical Right
20 Girolamo Giusso 12 August 1876 17 May 1884 Historical Right
21 Nicola Amore 17 May 1884 17 November 1889 Historical Right
22 Giuseppe Caracciolo 20 November 1889 25 June 1891 Historical Right
23 Salvatore Fusco 12 January 1892 17 July 1893 Historical Left
24 Carlo del Pezzo 26 January 1894 17 February 1895 Historical Right
25 Emilio Capomazzi 6 August 1896 23 July 1898 Historical Right
26 Celestino Summonte 24 July 1898 10 November 1900 Historical Left
27 Luigi Miraglia 30 November 1901 18 October 1903 Historical Left
28 Ferdinando Del Carretto di Novello 19 October 1903 31 July 1914 Historical Right
29 Pasquale del Pezzo 1 August 1914 30 April 1917 Liberal Union
30 Enrico Presutti 1 May 1917 30 November 1922 Liberal Union
31 Alfredo Vittorio Russo 1 December 1920 21 November 1922 National Fascist Party
32 Raffaele Angiulli 22 November 1922 19 March 1926 National Fascist Party

Fascist Podestas (1926–1943)[edit]

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
1 Francesco Montuoso 20 March 1926 30 November 1927 National Fascist Party
2 Dante Alamasi 1 December 1927 5 January 1930 National Fascist Party
3 Giovanni De Riseis 6 January 1930 6 April 1932 National Fascist Party
4 Lorenzo La Via di Sant'Agrippina 7 April 1932 22 January 1934 National Fascist Party
5 Giovanni Niutta 23 January 1934 10 July 1936 National Fascist Party
6 Giovanni Orgera 11 July 1936 5 August 1943 National Fascist Party

Re-established mayors (1943–present)[edit]

From 1943 to 1993, the Mayor of Naples was chosen by the City council. Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Naples is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and later every five years:

  Mayor Term start Term end Party Coalition
33 Giuseppe Solimene 6 August 1943 14 April 1944 None
34 Gustavo Ingrosso 15 April 1944 7 January 1945 Labour Democratic Party CLN
35 Gennaro Fermariello 8 January 1945 5 September 1946 Action Party CLN
35 Giuseppe Buonocore 14 December 1946 28 February 1948 Monarchist National Party BNL - DC
36 Domenico Moscati 1 March 1948 8 July 1952 Christian Democracy DC - PNM - PLI
37 Achille Lauro 9 July 1952 5 January 1958 Monarchist National Party
People's Monarchist Party
PNM - MSI (1952–54)
PMP - DC - PLI (1954–58)
38 Nicola Sansanelli 6 January 1958 3 February 1961 People's Monarchist Party PMP - DC - PLI
(37) Achille Lauro 4 February 1961 9 October 1962 Italian Democratic Party PDIUM - DC - PLI
39 Vincenzo Mario Palmieri 10 October 1962 30 July 1963 Christian Democracy DC - PDIUM
40 Ferdinando Clemente di San Luca 31 July 1963 19 January 1966 Christian Democracy DC - PDIUM (1963–64)
DC - PSI - PSDI (1964–66)
41 Giovanni Principe 20 January 1966 15 November 1970 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
42 Gerardo De Michele 16 November 1970 1 August 1974 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
43 Bruno Milanesi 2 August 1974 26 September 1975 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
44 Maurizio Valenzi 27 September 1975 30 January 1984 Italian Communist Party PCI - PSI - PSDI
45 Francesco Picardi 31 January 1984 29 April 1984 Social Democratic Party DC - PSI - PSDI
46 Vincenzo Scotti 30 April 1984 5 August 1984 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
47 Mario Forte 6 August 1984 28 November 1984 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
48 Carlo D'Amato 29 November 1984 28 July 1987 Italian Socialist Party Pentapartito
49 Pietro Lezzi 29 July 1987 31 July 1990 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PRI - PLI
50 Nello Polese 1 August 1990 1 April 1993 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PRI - PLI
51 Francesco Tagliamonte 2 April 1993 5 August 1993 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PRI - PLI
52 Antonio Bassolino 5 December 1993 24 March 2000 Democratic Party of the Left
Democrats of the Left
PDS - PRC - FdV - Network (1993–98)
The Olive Tree (1998–2000)
53 Rosa Russo Iervolino 13 May 2001 30 May 2011 The Daisy
Democratic Party
The Olive Tree (2001–07)
PD - IdV - PRC - FdV (2007–11)
54 Luigi de Magistris 30 May 2011 Incumbent Italy of Values IdV - SEL - FdV - Civic Lists

Timeline[edit]

Luigi De Magistris Rosa Russo Iervolino Antonio Bassolino Achille Lauro Achille Lauro

Elections[edit]

Council elections (1946-1993)[edit]

After the Second World War, the first democratic election in Naples took place on November 10, 1946;[2] for the first time since 1926 the inhabitants (men and women, without distinction) could vote their representatives in the City Council with the proportional system of vote.

In 1946 the conservatives parties of the monarchists and Christian democratics received the 53% of the votes and a big representation in the City Council; the Popular Democratic Front, which was composed by communists and socialists, received the 31% of the votes and didn't hav the majority in the City Council.

The same thing happened in the others elections (May 25, 1952; May 27, 1956; November 6, 1960; June 10, 1962); instead of the rest of Italy, in Naples the monarchists were very populars and obteined the majority in the City Council for more than 15 years.

In 1964 for the first time the Christian Democracy obteined the 34% of the votes and a strong majority in the City Council.

On 15 June 1975 the communists won the election and could form a coalition with the socialists for have the majority in the Council: the first communist mayor of Naples was Mauro Valenzi (who was re-elected after 1980's election).[3]

The following is the number of seats of each party in the City Council after each election:

Year DC PCI PSI PNM MSI PRI Others
1948 11 - - 57 - - 12
1952 11 - 1 37 15 - 15
1956 13 16 3 45 2 - 1
1960 23 17 7 29 3 - 2
1962 23 17 7 25 4 - 4
1964 29 20 5 7 8 - 11
1970 28 22 6 3 10 2 9
1975 24 27 5 - 15 2 7
1980 21 27 6 - 18 2 7
1983 20 23 9 - 17 4 7
1987 26 19 13 - 8 4 10
1992 25 - 16 - 7 5 25

Mayoral and Council election, 1993[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on November 21 and the second on December 5.

For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time in the municipal political history there weren't parties like Christian Democracy, Italian Socialist Party or Italian Communist Party: the main parties were the Italian Social Movement and the Democratic Party of the Left.

The main candidates were Antonio Bassolino and Benito Mussolini's granddaughter Alessandra. However, there were a lot of others candidates from different parties.

On December 5, 1993, Bassolino won the election and became the first elected mayor of Naples.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 1993
Name Party 1st Round
(November 21)

 % 2nd Round
(December 5)

 %
Antonio Bassolino Democratic Party of the Left 229.649 41,6 300.964 55,6
Alessandra Mussolini Italian Social Movement 171.315 31,1 239.867 44,4

Mayoral and Council election, 1997[edit]

The election took place on November 16.

The main candidates were Emiddio Novi, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's coalition Pole of Freedoms and by some Christian-democratic parties, and Antonio Bassolino, supported by Romano Prodi's coalition The Olive Tree.

Bassolino won the election with the 73% of the votes.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 1997
Name Party 1st Round
(November 16)

 %
Antonio Bassolino Democratic Party of the Left 405.173 72,9
Emiddio Novi Forza Italia 140.548 25,9

Mayoral and Council election, 2001[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on May 13 and the second on May 27.

The main candidates were Antonio Martusciello, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's center-right coalition, and Rosa Russo Iervolino, supported by Francesco Rutelli's center-left coalition The Olive Tree.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2001
Name Party 1st Round
(May 13)

 % 2nd Round
(May 27)

 %
Rosa Russo Iervolino Italian People's Party 262.818 48,2 278.183 52,9
Antonio Martusciello Forza Italia 246.089 45,7 247.564 47,1

Mayoral and Council election, 2006[edit]

The election took place on May 28–29.

The incumbent mayor Rosa Russo Iervolino won with the 57% of the votes.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2006
Name Party 1st Round
(May 28–29)

 %
Rosa Russo Iervolino Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy 304.755 57,04
Franco Malvano Forza Italia 201.987 37,8

Mayoral and Council election, 2011[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on May 15–16 and the second on May 29–30.

The main candidates were the entrepreneur Gianni Lettieri, from Silvio Berlusconi's party People of Freedom, the prefect Mario Morcone, from Democratic Party, and the magistrate Luigi De Magistris, from Antonio Di Pietro's party Italy of Values.

In March 2011, Morcone was chosen as the candidate center-left coalition with the coalition primary elections. However, De Magistris decided to run without the support of the center-left coalition; he was supported by his party, Communist Refoundation Party and some civic lists.

On the first round Lettieri was ahead with the 37% of the votes, but on the second round De Magistris won the election with the 65% of the votes.

In these election Democratic Party obtained the worst result since 1993, People of Freedom failed once again to conquer the city and De Magistris became the first elected mayor of Naples from a left-wing party.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2011[4]
Name Party 1st Round
(May 15–16)

 % 2nd Round
(May 29–30)

 %
Luigi De Magistris Italy of Values 128.303 27,52 264.730 65,37
Gianni Lettieri People of Freedom 179.575 38,52 140.203 34,62
Mario Morcone Democratic Party 89.280 19,15 - -
Naples Council Election 2011 - Parties
Coalition votes  % seats Party votes  % seats
Left (De Magistris) 68,522 16.7 29 Italy of Values
Communist Refoundation Party
Civic Lists (2)
33,320
15,008
20,194
8.1
3.7
4.9
15
6
8
Center-right (Lettieri) 176,901 43.1 10 People of Freedom
Italian Republican Party
The Right
Civic Lists (8)
97,752
5,976
4,567
68,606
23.9
1.4
1.1
16.7
7
-
-
3
Center-left (Morcone) 92,983 22.7 4 Democratic Party
Left Ecology Freedom
Greens-Socialists
Civic List (1)
68,018
16,283
3,431
5,251
16.6
4.0
0.8
1.3
4
-
-
-

Mayoral and Council election, 2016[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on June 5 and the second on June 19.

The main candidates were the incumbent mayor Luigi De Magistris, from Antonio Di Pietro's party Italy of Values, the entrepreneur Gianni Lettieri, near to Silvio Berlusconi's party Forza Italia and Valeria Valente, from Democratic Party.

Valente was chosen as the candidate center-left coalition with the coalition primary elections. One of Valente's opponents was former mayor Antonio Bassolino, who criticized the partecipation of centre-right voters to the primaries.

On the first round De Magistris was ahead with the 42% of the votes, and then won the second round with the 66% of the votes.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2016
Name Party 1st Round
(June 5)

 % 2nd Round
(June 19)

 %
Luigi De Magistris Independent, near to Italy of Values 172.710 42,82 185.907 66,85
Gianni Lettieri Independent, near to Forza Italia 96.961 24,04 92.174 33,15
Valeria Valente Democratic Party 85.225 21,13 - -
Naples Council Election 2016 - Parties
Coalition votes  % seats Party votes  % seats
Left (De Magistris) 172.710 42,82 24 Italian Left
Greens
Civic Lists (4)
19,945
11,341
99,584
5,3
3.01
26.52
4
2
18
Center-right (Lettieri) 96.961 24,04 6 Forza Italia
Civic Lists (2)
36,145
41,243
9.6
7.67
3
3
Center-left (Valente) 85.225 21,13 6 Democratic Party
Popular Area
43,790
7,521
11.63
1.99
5
1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Like a member of House of Murat, Joachim wasn't a Bourbon.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3] Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2011.