List of mayors of Naples

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Mayor of Naples
Sindaco di Napoli
CoA Città di Napoli.svg
Luigi de Magistris.jpg
Incumbent
Luigi De Magistris

since 1 June 2011
Appointer Electorate of Naples
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Andrea Colonna
Formation August 8, 1860
Succession May–June 2016
Deputy Tommaso Sodano
Salary €63,167
Website [4]
Naples' City Hall.
Castel Nuovo, seat of the City Council.

The Mayor of Naples is an elected politician who, along with the Naples’s City Council of 50 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Naples. Since 1 June 2011, Luigi De Magistris holds the position. Previously, the position was held by Rosa Russo Iervolino from the May 2001 until his succession by De Magistris.

The following is a list of Mayors of Naples, Italy.

List of Mayors of Naples[edit]

Kingdom of Naples (1806-1815)[edit]

  • 1806-1808 — Antonio Lignola
  • 1808-1813 — Michele Filangieri
  • 1813-1817 — Marino Carafa

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1815-1861)[edit]

  • 1817-1818 — Michele dei Medici
  • 1818-1821 — Carlo Caracciolo
  • 1821-1923 — Francesco Tocco
  • 1823-1829 — Giuseppe Pignatelli
  • 1829-1830 — Andrea Coppola
  • 1830-1835 — Troiano Spinelli
  • 1835-1839 — Giuseppe Caracciolo
  • 1839-1848 — Nazario Sanfelice
  • 1848-1857 — Antonio Carafa
  • 1857-1860 — Giuseppe Pignone del Carretto

Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946)[edit]

In 1860, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Naples (Sindaco di Napoli), which from 1889 were chosen by the City council.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
1 Andrea Colonna 8 September 1860 1 December 1860 Historical Right
2 Giuseppe Colonna 1 December 1860 1 September 1865 Historical Right
3 Rodrigo Nolli 1 September 1865 27 November 1866 Historical Right
4 Fedele De Siervo 27 November 1866 17 April 1868 Historical Right
5 Guglielmo Capitelli 17 April 1868 25 September 1870 Historical Right
6 Paolo Emilio Imbriani 25 September 1870 3 October 1872 Independent
7 Ettore Ponti 3 October 1872 14 November 1875 Historical Right
8 Antonio Winspeare 14 November 1875 12 July 1876 Historical Right
9 Gennario Sambiase Sanseverino 12 July 1876 12 August 1878 Historical Right
10 Girolamo Conte Giusto 12 August 1878 18 September 1883 Historical Right
11 Nicola Amore 18 September 1883 20 November 1889 Historical Right
12 Giuseppe Caracciolo 20 November 1889 12 January 1892 Historical Right
13 Salvatore Fusco 12 January 1892 26 January 1894 Historical Right
14 Carlo Del Pezzo 26 January 1894 26 August 1896 Historical Left
15 Emilio Campomazzi 26 August 1896 24 July 1898 Historical Left
16 Celestino Summonte 24 July 1898 30 November 1901 Historical Left
17 Luigi Miraglia 30 November 1901 19 November 1903 Historical Left
18 Ferdinando Del Carretto di Novello 19 November 1903 1 August 1914 Historical Left
19 Pasquale Del Pezzo 1 August 1914 1 May 1917 Italian Liberal Party
20 Enrico Presutti 1 May 1917 1 December 1920 Italian Liberal Party
21 Alfredo Vittorio Russo 1 December 1920 22 November 1922 National Fascist Party
22 Raffaele Angiulli 22 November 1922 20 March 1926 National Fascist Party
Fascist Podestà (1926-1943)
1 Raffaele Angiulli 20 March 1926 6 January 1930 National Fascist Party
2 Giovanni De Riseis 6 January 1930 11 July 1936 National Fascist Party
3 Giovanni Orgera 11 July 1936 6 August 1943 National Fascist Party
Allied occupation (1943-1946)
23 Gustavo Ingrosso 6 August 1943 8 January 1945 Labour Democratic Party
25 Gennaro Fermariello 8 January 1945 14 December 1946 Italian Communist Party

Republic of Italy (1946-present)[edit]

From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Naples was chosen by the City council. Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Naples is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and later every five years:


Mayor of Naples Took office Left office Party Coalition
1 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Giuseppe Buonocore 14 December 1946 28 February 1948 Monarchist National Party BNL - DC
14 December 1946 – 28 February 1948
2 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Domenico Moscati 28 February 1948 9 July 1952 Christian Democracy BNL - DC - PLI
28 February 1948 – 9 July 1952
3 Achille Lauro.jpg Achille Lauro 9 July 1952 18 October 1962 Monarchist National Party then
Italian Democratic Party
PNM - MSI
9 July 1952 – 19 September 1957
PDIUM - DC - PLI
19 September 1957 – 18 October 1962
4 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J14110, Katyn, Öffnung der Massengräber, Abschlussbericht.jpg Vincenzo Maria Palmieri 18 October 1962 30 July 1963 Christian Democracy PDIUM - DC
18 October 1962 – 30 July 1963
5 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Fernando Clemente di San Luca 31 July 1963 19 January 1966 Christian Democracy PDIUM - DC
31 July 1963 – 10 April 1964
DC - PSI - PSDI
10 April 1964 – 19 January 1966
6 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Giovanni Principe 19 January 1966 16 November 1970 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI
19 January 1966 – 16 November 1970
7 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Gerardo De Michele 16 November 1970 27 September 1975 Christian Democracy DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
16 November 1970 – 27 September 1975
8 Maurizio Valenzi.jpg Maurizio Valenzi 27 September 1975 18 August 1983 Italian Communist Party PCI - PSI - PSDI
27 September 1975 – 18 August 1983
9 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Francesco Picardi 18 August 1983 29 November 1984 Italian Democratic Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI
18 August 1983 – 29 November 1984
10 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Carlo D'Amato 29 November 1984 29 July 1986 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI - PLI
29 November 1984 – 29 July 1986
11 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Pietro Lezzi 29 July 1986 1 August 1990 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PRI - PLI
29 November 1984 – 1 August 1990
12 CoA Città di Napoli.svg Nello Polese 1 August 1990 5 December 1993 Italian Socialist Party DC - PSI - PRI - PLI
1 August 1990 – 5 December 1993
Elected mayors (1993-present)
13 Antonio Bassolino.jpg Antonio Bassolino 5 December 1993 1 June 2001[1] Democratic Party of the Left then
Democrats of the Left
PDS - PRC - FV
5 December 1993 – 1 June 2001
The Olive Tree
December 1, 1997 – June 1, 2001
14 Bassolino e Iervolino.JPG Rosa Russo Iervolino 1 June 2001 1 June 2011 Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy then
Democratic Party
The Olive Tree
1 June 2001 – 1 June 2006
The Olive Tree
1 June 2006 – 1 June 2011
15 Luigi de Magistris.jpg Luigi De Magistris 1 June 2011 Incumbent Italy of Values IDV - PRC
since 1 June 2011

Timeline[edit]

Luigi De Magistris Rosa Russo Jervolino Antonio Bassolino Achille Lauro Achille Lauro

Elections[edit]

Council elections (1946-1993)[edit]

After the Second World War, the first democratic election in Naples took place on November 10, 1946;[2] for the first time since 1926 the inhabitants (men and women, without distinction) could vote their representatives in the City Council with the proportional system of vote.

In 1946 the conservatives parties of the monarchists and Christian democratics received the 53% of the votes and a big representation in the City Council; the Popolar Democratic Front, which was composed by communists and socialists, received the 31% of the votes and didn't hav the majority in the City Council.

The same thing happened in the others elections (May 25, 1952; May 27, 1956; November 6, 1960; June 10, 1962); instead of the rest of Italy, in Naples the monarchists were very populars and obteined the majority in the City Council for more than 15 years.

In 1964 for the first time the Christian Democracy obteined the 34% of the votes and a strong majority in the City Council.

On 15 June 1975 the communists won the election and could form a coalition with the socialists for have the majority in the Council: the first communist mayor of Naples was Mauro Valenzi (who was re-elected after 1980's election).[3]

The following is the number of seats of each party in the City Council after each election:

Year DC PCI PSI PNM MSI PRI Others
1948 11 - - 57 - - 12
1952 11 - 1 37 15 - 15
1956 13 16 3 45 2 - 1
1960 23 17 7 29 3 - 2
1962 23 17 7 25 4 - 4
1964 29 20 5 7 8 - 11
1970 28 22 6 3 10 2 9
1975 24 27 5 - 15 2 7
1980 21 27 6 - 18 2 7
1983 20 23 9 - 17 4 7
1987 26 19 13 - 8 4 10
1992 25 - 16 - 7 5 25

Mayoral and Council election, 1993[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on November 21 and the second on December 5.

For the first time under the new electoral law citizens could vote directly the mayor; before this choice was made by the City Council. For the first time in the municipal political history there weren't parties like Christian Democracy, Italian Socialist Party or Italian Communist Party: the main parties were the Italian Social Movement and the Democratic Party of the Left.

The main candidates were Antonio Bassolino and Benito Mussolini's granddaughter Alessandra. However there were a lot of others candidates from different parties.

On December 5, 1993, Bassolino won the election and became the first elected mayor of Naples.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 1993
Name Party 1st Round
(November 21)

 % 2nd Round
(December 5)

 %
Antonio Bassolino Democratic Party of the Left 229.649 41,6 300.964 55,6
Alessandra Mussolini Italian Social Movement 171.315 31,1 239.867 44,4

Mayoral and Council election, 1997[edit]

The election took place on November 16.

The main candidates were Emiddio Novi, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's coalition Pole of Freedoms and by some Christian-democratic parties, and Antonio Bassolino, supported by Romano Prodi's coalition The Olive Tree.

Bassolino won the election with the 73% of the votes.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 1997
Name Party 1st Round
(November 16)

 %
Antonio Bassolino Democratic Party of the Left 405.173 72,9
Emiddio Novi Forza Italia 140.548 25,9

Mayoral and Council election, 2001[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on May 13 and the second on May 27.

The main candidates were Antonio Martusciello, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's center-right coalition, and Rosa Russo Iervolino, supported by Francesco Rutelli's center-left coalition The Olive Tree.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2001
Name Party 1st Round
(May 13)

 % 2nd Round
(May 27)

 %
Rosa Russo Iervolino Italian People's Party 262.818 48,2 278.183 52,9
Antonio Martusciello Forza Italia 246.089 45,7 247.564 47,1

Mayoral and Council election, 2006[edit]

The election took place on May 28–29.

The incumbent mayor Rosa Russo Iervolino won with the 57% of the votes.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2006
Name Party 1st Round
(May 28–29)

 %
Rosa Russo Iervolino Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy 304.755 57,04
Franco Malvano Forza Italia 201.987 37,8

Mayoral and Council election, 2011[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on May 15–16 and the second on May 29–30.

The main candidates were the entrepreneur Gianni Lettieri, from Silvio Berlusconi's party People of Freedom, the prefect Mario Morcone, from Democratic Party, and the magisrate Luigi De Magistris, from Antonio Di Pietro's party Italy of Values.

In March 2011, Morcone was chosen as the candidate center-left coalition with the coalition primary elections. However, De Magistris decided to run without the support of the center-left coalition; he was supported by his party, Communist Refoundation Party and some civic lists.

On the first round Lettieri was ahead with the 37% of the votes, but on the second round De Magistris won the election with the 65% of the votes.

In these election Democratic Party obtained the worst result since 1993, People of Freedom failed once again to conquer the city and De Magistris became the first elected mayor of Naples from a left-wing party.

Naples Mayoral Election Results 2011[4]
Name Party 1st Round
(May 15–16)

 % 2nd Round
(May 29–30)

 %
Luigi De Magistris Italy of Values 128.303 27,52 264.730 65,37
Gianni Lettieri People of Freedom 179.575 38,52 140.203 34,62
Mario Morcone Democratic Party 89.280 19,15 - -
Naples Council Election 2011 - Parties
Coalition votes  % seats Party votes  % seats
Left (De Magistris) 68,522 16.7 29 Italy of Values
Communist Refoundation Party
Civic Lists (2)
33,320
15,008
20,194
8.1
3.7
4.9
15
6
8
Center-right (Lettieri) 176,901 43.1 10 People of Freedom
Italian Republican Party
The Right
Civic Lists (8)
97,752
5,976
4,567
68,606
23.9
1.4
1.1
16.7
7
-
-
3
Center-left (Morcone) 92,983 22.7 4 Democratic Party
Left Ecology Freedom
Greens-Socialists
Civic List (1)
68,018
16,283
3,431
5,251
16.6
4.0
0.8
1.3
4
-
-
-

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ He was elected president of Campania.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3] Italian Ministry of the Interior - 2011.