List of mayors of New York City
The Mayor of New York City is the chief executive of the government of New York City, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of New York. The current Mayor of New York City, the 109th in the sequence of regular mayors, is Bill de Blasio, a Democrat.
During the Dutch colonial period from 1624 to 1664, New Amsterdam was governed by the Director of New Netherland. The office of Mayor of New York was established in 1665 and were appointed by colonial governors until 1777. The year prior, New York was run by Richard Nicolls, the British military governor of the Province of New York. Thomas Willett was the first person to be specifically appointed mayor.
Before 1898, the city included little beyond the island of Manhattan. The 1898 consolidation created the city as it is today with five boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.
The longest-serving mayors have been Fiorello H. La Guardia (1934–1945), Robert F. Wagner, Jr. (1954–1965), Ed Koch (1978–1989), and Michael Bloomberg (2002–2013) each of whom was in office for twelve years (three successive 4-year terms). The shortest terms in office since 1834 have been those of acting mayors: Thomas Coman (five weeks from Monday, November 30, 1868, to Monday, January 4, 1869) and Samuel B. H. Vance (one month from November 30 to December 31, 1874).
Mayors of the unconsolidated city
Before 1680, mayors served one-year terms. As of 1680, they served two-year terms. Exceptions are noted thus (*). A dagger (†) indicates mayoralties cut short by death in office. [When the same man served more than one continuous term, his name is lightly shaded purely for clarity, but the tints have no other significance.]
After 1820, the mayor was appointed by the city's Common Council. Peter Delanoy (1689–1691) was the only mayor elected by popular vote before 1834. (See Note 1 directly below this table.)
|No.||Name||Starting year of Office||Ending year of Office||Political Party|
|1||Thomas Willett (1st term)||1665||1666|
|2||Thomas Delavall (1st term)||1666||1667|
|3||Thomas Willett (2nd term)||1667||1668|
|4||Cornelius Van Steenwyk (1st term)||1668||1671|
|5||Thomas Delavall (2nd term)||1671||1672|
|7||John Lawrence (1st term)||1673||1675|
|8||William Dervall||1675 October 17||1676 October 14|
|9||Nicholas De Mayer||1676 October 14||1677|
|10||Stephanus Van Cortlandt (1st term)||1677||1678|
|11||Thomas Delavall (3rd term)||1678||1679|
|13||William Dyre||1680 October 30||1682|
|14||Cornelius Van Steenwyk (2nd term)||1682||1684|
|15||Gabriel Minvielle (*)||1684||1685|
|16||Nicholas Bayard (*)||1685||1686|
|17||Stephanus Van Cortlandt (2nd term)||1686||1688|
|18||Peter Delanoy 1||1689||1691|
|19||John Lawrence (2nd term *)||1691 May||1691 October|
|20||Abraham de Peyster||1691 October||1694|
|23||Johannes de Peyster||1698||1699|
|25||Isaac De Reimer||1700||1701|
|30||Jacobus Van Cortlandt (1st term)||1710||1711|
|33||Jacobus Van Cortlandt (2nd term)||1719||1720|
|36||Robert Lurting †||1726||1735 †|
|38||John Cruger †||1739||1744 August 13 †|
|40||Edward Holland †||1747||1757 †|
|41||John Cruger, Jr.||1757||1766|
|47||DeWitt Clinton (1st term)||1803||1807|
|49||DeWitt Clinton (2nd term)||1808||1810||Democratic-Republican|
|50||Jacob Radcliff (1st term)||1810||1811|
|51||DeWitt Clinton (3rd term)||1811||1815||Democratic-Republican|
|53||Jacob Radcliff (2nd term)||1815||1818|
|54||Cadwallader D. Colden||1818||1821||Federalist|
|56||William Paulding, Jr. (1st term)||1825||1826||Democratic|
|58||William Paulding Jr. (2nd term)||1827||1829||Democratic|
- Peter Delanoy was the first and only directly-elected mayor of New York until 1834. Appointed mayors resumed in the wake of Leisler's Rebellion.
Popularly-elected mayors of the unconsolidated city
Under the Charter of 1834, mayors were elected annually. After 1849, they served two-year terms.
|no.||Name||Starting year of Office||Ending year of Office||Political Party|
|61||Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence||1834||1837||Democratic|
|65||James Harper||1844||1845||American Republican / Know-Nothing|
|66||William F. Havemeyer (1st term)||1845||1846||Democratic|
|67||Andrew H. Mickle||1846||1847|
|69||William F. Havemeyer (2nd term)||1848||1849||Democratic|
|70||Caleb Smith Woodhull||1849||1851||Whig|
|72||Jacob Aaron Westervelt||1853||1855||Democratic|
|73||Fernando Wood (1st term)||1855||1858|
|74||Daniel F. Tiemann||1858||1860||Coalition (People's Union / American / Democratic)|
|75||Fernando Wood (2nd term)||1860||1862||Democratic|
|77||Charles Godfrey Gunther||1864||1866||Democratic|
|78||John T. Hoffman 1||1866||1868|
|Acting||Thomas Coman 1||1868 November 30||1869 January 4|
|79||Abraham Oakey Hall||1869||1872||Republican|
|80||William F. Havemeyer 2 (3rd term) †||1873||1874 November 30 †|
|Acting||Samuel B. H. Vance 2||1874 November 30||1874 December 31|
|81||William H. Wickham||1875||1876||Democratic|
|82||Smith Ely, Jr.||1877||1878|
|84||William Russell Grace (1st term)||1881||1882||Democratic (anti-Tammany)|
|86||William Russell Grace (2nd term)||1885||1886||Independent|
|87||Abram S. Hewitt||1887||1888||Democratic|
|88||Hugh J. Grant||1889||1892|
|89||Thomas F. Gilroy||1893||1894|
|90||William L. Strong 3||1895||1897||Fusion|
- John T. Hoffman resigned after his election as Governor of New York state but before the end of his mayoral term. Thomas Coman, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Hoffman's term as acting mayor until his elected successor, A. Oakey Hall, took office.
- William F. Havemeyer died during his last term of office. Samuel B. H. Vance, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Havemeyer's term as acting mayor until his elected successor, William H. Wickham, took office.
- William L. Strong served an additional year in office because New York City mayoral elections were changed to be held in odd-numbered years due to the impending consolidation of New York City.
Mayors since the 1898 consolidation
The 1898–1901 term was for four years. The City Charter was changed to make the mayor's term a two-year one beginning in 1902, but after two such terms was changed back to resume four-year terms in 1906. George B. McClellan, Jr. thus served one two-year term from 1904 to 1905, during which he was elected to a four-year term from 1906 to 1909. See New York City mayoral elections#Terms and term limits (since 1834).
The party of the mayor reflects party registration, as opposed to the party lines run under during the general election.
† died in office
|In office||Length of
Robert Van Wyck
|1897||January 1, 1898 –
December 31, 1901
|1901||January 1, 19021 –
December 31, 1903
|2 years||Republican / Anti-Tammany Democrats|
George B. McClellan, Jr.
|1903||January 1, 1904 –
December 31, 1909
William J. Gaynor
|1909||January 1, 1910 –
September 10, 19132
Ardolph L. Kline
|Acting||September 10, 1913 –
December 31, 1913
John P. Mitchel
|1913||January 1, 1914 –
December 31, 1917
|4 years||Republican / Anti-Tammany Democrats|
John F. Hylan
|1917||January 1, 1918 –
December 31, 1925
|1925||January 1, 1926 –
September 1, 19324
Joseph V. McKee
|Acting||September 1, 1932 –
December 31, 1932
John P. O'Brien
|January 1, 1933 –
December 31, 1933
Fiorello H. La Guardia
|1933||January 1, 1934 –
December 31, 1945
|1945||January 1, 1946 –
August 31, 19506
Vincent R. Impellitteri
|Acting||August 31, 1950 –
November 14, 1950
(as acting mayor)
|November 14, 1950 –
December 31, 1953
(as elected mayor)
Robert F. Wagner, Jr.
|1953||January 1, 1954 –
December 31, 1965
|1965||January 1, 1966 –
December 31, 1973
|8 years||Republican /
|1973||January 1, 1974 –
December 31, 1977
|1977||January 1, 1978 –
December 31, 1989
|1989||January 1, 1990 –
December 31, 1993
|1993||January 1, 1994 –
December 31, 2001
|2001||January 1, 2002 –
December 31, 2013
Bill de Blasio
|2013||January 1, 2014 –
|2 years, 209 days||Democratic|
|Years in office||Length of
† died in office
- Seth Low previously served as Mayor of the City of Brooklyn from 1882 to 1885.
- William Jay Gaynor died September 10, 1913.
- Ardolph L. Kline, the unelected President of the Board of Aldermen, succeeded as acting mayor upon William Gaynor's death, but then sought re-election as an alderman (successfully) rather than election as mayor. Kline has thus been the only mayor since 1834 never to win a city-wide election (having been appointed Vice President of the Board of Aldermen by his colleagues and then succeeding to the presidency mid-term, rather than winning it by popular election at large).
- James J. "Jimmy" Walker resigned September 1, 1932 and went to Europe, amid allegations of corruption in his administration.
- Joseph V. McKee, as President of the Board of Aldermen, became acting mayor in Walker's place, but was then defeated in a special election by John P. O'Brien.
- William O'Dwyer resigned August 31, 1950, during a police corruption scandal, after which he was appointed Ambassador to Mexico by President Harry S. Truman.
- Vincent R. Impellitteri, President of the New York City Council, became acting mayor when O'Dwyer resigned on August 31, 1950, and was then elected to the office in a special election held on November 7, 1950. He was inaugurated on November 14.
- Michael R. Bloomberg was a Democrat before running for mayor.
- Election results for Mayor of New York
- History of New York City
- Mayors of the City of Brooklyn (1834–98)
- "The Green Book: Mayors of the City of New York" on the official NYC website. When a former mayor serves again after a break in office, a new number is assigned to his resumed service. However, the five acting mayoralties are unnumbered.
- Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-11634-8. pp.99–100
- Media related to Mayors of New York City at Wikimedia Commons