List of mayors of Paris
|Mayor of Paris
Maire de Paris
|Residence||Hôtel de Ville|
(approved by City Council)
|Term length||6 years|
|Inaugural holder||Jean Sylvain Bailly|
|Formation||15 July 1789|
20 March 1977
The Mayor of Paris (French: Maire de Paris) is the chief executive of Paris, the capital and largest city in France. The Mayor is responsible for the administration and management of the city, submits proposals and recommendations to the Paris City Council, is active in the enforcement of the city’s ordinances, submits the city’s annual budget and appoints city officers, department commissioners or directors, and members of city boards and commissions. During meetings of the City Council, the Mayor serves as the presiding officer.
When French Revolution began after the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, the city insurgents murdered the last Provost of Paris (Provost of the Merchants), Jacques de Flesselles. Because the Provost's office was abolished as first move with the dissolution of the Ancien Régime, the insurgents established a revolutionary government called "Commune of Paris", initially led by Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first titled "Mayor of Paris". The Mayor's office was very important during the critical phases of the Revolution, and during Robespierre's Reign of Terror (1793–1794) it was decisive in the discovery and execution of all suspected counter-revolutionaries. On July 1794, after the 9th Thermidor, the coup d'état that deposed and executed Robespierre and his cronies, the office of Mayors was abolished since it was perceived to be too powerful.
After the February Revolution of 1848, the July Monarchy ended in favor of a new Republic, that restored the Mayor's office. This renewal was however short, as the June Days uprising of the same year ended the possibility of creating a strong mayorship. The Executive Commission - charged to provisionally rule the country - preferred to transfer the Mayor's powers to the Seine Prefect, appointed by Ministry of the Interior.
In 1870, once again, the office of Mayor was re-established - and again did not survive long. The occasion for the re-creation was the fall of the Second Empire after the defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. The provisional Government of National Defense of Louis-Jules Trochu believed that a strong leadership in Paris would prevent sedition during the Prussian siege. After the definitive conquest of Paris by Prussians, the popular discontent erupted in a new insurrectionary Commune which held socialist beliefs. Also, in case the Commune was finally suppressed, the government preferred to divide Paris into several distinct mayorships (one for each arrondissement) to prevent the city’s total loss in the event of further revolts.
Thus, for all but a few months from 1794 to 1977, Paris was the only French commune without a mayor. During these times, it was controlled directly by the departmental prefect (the prefect of the Seine before 1968, and the prefect of Paris after 1968), and had less autonomy than the smallest village.
On 31 December 1975, a law of the Parliament signed by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing approved the re-establishment of the Mayor's office for 1977. On March 1977, after the first formal city elections, Jacques Chirac was chosen as Mayor, a position he held until 1995, when was elected President.
List of officeholders
Notes † Died in office
|#||Mayor||Term in office
|1||Jean Sylvain Bailly
|15 July 1789||18 November 1791||President of the
|Patriotic||Office not established|
|2||Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve
|18 November 1791||1 December 1792||Representative
to Estates General
for the Third Estate
|3||Henri Lefèvre d'Ormesson
|21 November 1792||8 December 1792||Judge in the
6th city arrondissement
|8 December 1792||14 February 1793||Paris Financial Administrator
|14 February 1793||10 May 1794||Minister of War
|6||Jean-Baptiste Fleuriot-Lescot †
|10 May 1794||27 July 1794||Public Prosecutor of the
|Office abolished (1794–1848)|
|7||Louis Antoine Pagès
|24 February 1848||9 March 1848||MP for Eure
|Office not established|
|9 March 1848||19 July 1848||MP for Haute-Garonne
|Office abolished (1848–1870)|
|4 September 1870||15 November 1870||MP for Pyrénées-Orientales
|Radical Republican||Office not established|
|15 November 1870||18 March 1871||MP for Seine
|Office abolished (1871–1977)|
(84 years old)
|20 March 1977||13 March 1983||Prime Minister of France
|Rally for the Republic||Christian de La Malène|
|13 March 1983||19 March 1989||Jean Tiberi|
|19 March 1989||22 March 1995|
(82 years old)
|22 March 1995||25 March 2001||MP for Paris
|Rally for the Republic||Jacques Dominati|
(67 years old)
|25 March 2001||16 March 2008||Senator from Paris
|Socialist Party||Anne Hidalgo|
|16 March 2008||5 April 2014|
(59 years old)
|5 April 2014||Incumbent||Deputy Mayor of Paris
|Socialist Party||Bruno Julliard|
- The list of provosts of the merchants comes from La Grande Encyclopédie, volume 25, page 1063, published in 1899. See scan of the full text at Gallica: .
- The list of mayors since 1789 comes from Paris city hall's website. See Historique des maires de Paris.