Mayor of Rome

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Mayor of Rome
Sindaco di Roma Capitale
Flag of Rome.svg
Flag of Rome
Virginia Raggi - Festival Economia 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Virginia Raggi

since 22 June 2016
Style No title or style
Residence Capitoline Hill
Appointer Electorate of Rome
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Giuseppe Lunati
Formation 23 September 1870
Deputy vacant
Salary €4,500 per month
Website Official website

The Mayor of Rome (Italian: Sindaco di Roma Capitale) is an elected politician who, along with Rome’s City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina) of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Rome. As Rome is a comune speciale since 2009, the office is different from the offices of the other Italian cities. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

Overview[edit]

Current seat of the Mayor, Palazzo Senatorio on Capitoline Hill.

According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Rome is a member of Rome's City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina). Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the fifteen municipi of Rome, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.

The Mayor is elected by the population of Rome. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of their government, which are twelve (Italian: Assessori delle Giunta Capitolina) according to the Italian Constitution.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline Hill.

History[edit]

As capital of the Papal States, Rome did not receive its Mayor until 1870, when it became the capital of Kingdom of Italy. The new Mayor served as member of the city council and he was appointed every three years by the King of Italy. Then since 1889 the Mayor was elected every four years by the City Council. Although, fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with a single authoritarian Rector (Podestà) chosen by the National Fascist Party. The rector of Rome was called "Governatore" (Governor).

After World War II, the Mayor was chosen by the City Council and only in 1993 the Mayor was firstly elected by the population (originally every four, then every five years).

List of Mayors of Rome[edit]

Papal States (1558-1870)[edit]

From 1558 to 1870, the Papal States created the office of Governatore (Governor), also called Vice Camerlengo, chosen by the Pope.

Kingdom of Italy (1870-1946)[edit]

From 1870, when Rome was annexed, the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Rome (Sindaco di Roma), chosen by the City council. In 1926, the Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils, replacing them with a single authoritarian Governatore (Governor) chosen by the National Fascist Party.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party
1 Michelangelo Caetani 23 September 1870 16 April 1871 Independent
2 Francesco Rospigliosi Pallavicini 16 April 1871 29 July 1873 Independent
3 Luigi Pianciani 29 July 1873 15 January 1875 Historical Left
4 Pietro Venturi 15 January 1875 18 July 1878 Historical Left
5 Emanuele Ruspoli 18 July 1878 October 1881 Historical Right
(3) Luigi Pianciani October 1881 7 May 1887 Historical Left
6 Leopoldo Torlonia 7 May 1887 24 October 1887 Historical Right
7 Alessandro Guiccioli 24 October 1887 28 November 1889 Historical Left
8 Augusto Armellini 28 November 1889 29 December 1890 Historical Left
9 Onorato Caetani 29 December 1890 14 November 1892 Historical Left
10 Emanuele Ruspoli 14 November 1892 December 1899 Historical Right
11 Prospero Colonna di Paliano December 1899 10 July 1905 Historical Right
12 Enrico Cruciani Alibrandi 10 July 1905 25 November 1907 Independent
13 Ernesto Nathan 25 November 1907 6 July 1914 Radical Party
14 Prospero Colonna di Paliano 6 July 1914 8 June 1919 Liberal Union
15 Adolfo Apolloni 8 June 1919 25 November 1920 Liberal Union
16 Luigi Rava 25 November 1920 23 May 1921 Liberal Union
17 Giannetto Valli 23 May 1921 26 June 1922 Liberal Union
18 Filippo Cremonesi 26 June 1922 9 December 1926 Independent
Governor (1926-1944)
1 Ludovico Spada Veralli Potenziani 9 December 1926 13 September 1928 National Fascist Party
2 Francesco Boncompagni Ludovisi 13 September 1928 23 January 1935 National Fascist Party
3 Giuseppe Bottai 23 January 1935 15 November 1936 National Fascist Party
4 Piero Colonna 15 November 1936 30 August 1939 National Fascist Party
5 Giangiacomo Borghese 30 August 1939 6 January 1944 National Fascist Party
6 Giovanni Orgera 6 January 1944 10 June 1944 Republican Fascist Party
Allied occupation (1944-1946)
1 Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphili 10 June 1944 10 December 1946 Independent

Republic of Italy (1946-present)[edit]

From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Rome was chosen by the City council.

  Mayor Term start Term end Party Coalition
1 Salvatore Rebecchini 10 December 1946 2 July 1956 DC DC - PLI - UQ (1946–52)
DC - PLI - PRI (1952–56)
2 Umberto Tupini 2 July 1956 10 January 1958 DC DC - PRI - PSDI
3 Urbano Ciocchetti 10 January 1958 17 July 1962 DC DC - PLI - PSDI
4 Glauco Della Porta 17 July 1962 12 March 1964 DC DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
5 Amerigo Petrucci 12 March 1964 29 December 1967 DC DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
6 Rinaldo Santini 29 December 1967 30 July 1969 DC DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
7 Clelio Darida 30 July 1969 9 August 1976 DC DC - PSI - PSDI (1969–71)
DC (1971-76)
8 Giulio Carlo Argan 9 August 1976 29 September 1979 PCI PCI - PSI - PSDI
9 Luigi Petroselli 29 September 1979 15 October 1981 PCI PCI - PSI - PSDI
10 Ugo Vetere 15 October 1981 30 July 1985 PCI PCI - PSI - PSDI
11 Nicola Signorello 30 July 1985 6 August 1988 DC DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
12 Pietro Giubilo 6 August 1988 19 December 1989 DC DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI
13 Franco Carraro 19 December 1989 5 December 1993 PSI DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI

Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Rome is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 2001 every five years.


Mayor of Rome Took office Left office Party Coalition Election
14 Francesco Rutelli Portrait.jpg Francesco Rutelli 5 December 1993 8 January 2001[1] Greens PDS - Greens
5 December 1993 – 17 November 1997
1993
PDS - PPI - PRC - Greens
17 November 1997 – 8 January 2001
1997
15 Walter Veltroni cropped.jpg Walter Veltroni 1 June 2001 13 February 2008[2] DS / PD The Olive Tree
1 June 2001 – 1 June 2006
2001
The Olive Tree
1 June 2006 – 13 February 2008
2006
16 Alemanno Colosseo.jpg Gianni Alemanno 28 April 2008 12 June 2013 PDL PDL
28 April 2008 – 12 June 2013
2008
17 Ignazio Marino - Festivaletteratura 2012 01.JPG Ignazio Marino 12 June 2013 31 October 2015[3] PD PDSEL
12 June 2013 - 31 October 2015
2013
18 Virginia Raggi - Festival Economia 2016.jpg Virginia Raggi 22 June 2016 Incumbent M5S M5S 2016

Timeline[edit]

Virginia Raggi Ignazio Marino Gianni Alemanno Walter Veltroni Francesco Rutelli Franco Carraro Nicola Signorello Giulio Carlo Argan Clelio Darida

Election[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the 2001 general election as Prime Minister.
  2. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the 2008 general election as Prime Minister.
  3. ^ Ousted from office after more than half the city's councillors stepped down.