List of meat substitutes
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This is a list of meat substitutes. A meat substitute, also called a meat analogue, approximates certain aesthetic qualities (primarily texture, flavor and appearance) or chemical characteristics of a specific meat. Substitutes are often based on soybeans (such as tofu and tempeh), gluten, or peas. Whole legumes are often used as a protein source in vegetarian dishes, but are not listed here.
- Laetiporus, a mushroom which is also named chicken of the woods
- Lyophyllum decastes, mushroom known as fried chicken mushroom
- Breadfruit, used similarly as jackfruit in savory dishes
- Coconut burger, made from sapal, the coconut pulp by-products of traditional coconut milk extraction in Filipino cuisine
- Burmese tofu, which is made from water, chickpea flour and turmeric.
- Falafel, a traditional Middle Eastern bean fritter, believed to have been created by ancient Copts as a meat substitute during Lent
- Ganmodoki, a traditional Japanese tofu based dish similar to veggie burgers
- Koya-dofu (kōya-dōfu, 高野豆腐 in Japanese), freeze-dried tofu that has a taste and texture similar to meat when prepared, common in Buddhist vegetarian cuisine
- Nut roast
- Soy protein
- Soy pulp, used for veggie burgers and croquettes
- Textured vegetable protein
- Tofu, not traditionally seen as a meat substitute in Asia, but widely used for that purpose in the Western hemisphere
- Vegetarian bacon, sometimes made from tempeh, which is fermented from tofu.
- Vegetarian hot dog
- Veggie burger
- In vitro meat
- Leaf protein concentrate
- Meat extenders, sometimes soy-based but not always.
- Mock duck
- Wheat gluten, also known as miàn jīn in Chinese (traditional: 麵筋, simplified: 面筋, literally "dough tendon"; also spelled mien chin or mien ching), or in Japan fu (麩(ja), lit. "gluten") or seitan (グルテンミート, romanized "gurutenmīto," from the English "gluten meat"), or, rarely, (セイタン, "seitan")
- Beyond Meat
- Boca Burger
- Goshen Alimentos
- Impossible Foods
- Linda McCartney Foods
- Morningstar Farms
- Solar Foods Ltd.
- Tofurky (Turtle Island Foods)
- Cheese analogue
- List of bacon substitutes
- List of fermented soy products
- List of vegetarian and vegan companies
- Vegetarian food
- "Fake Meats, Finally, Taste Like Chicken". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- Godwin, Nigel (27 February 2009). "St David's Day recipes: Glamorgan sausages". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Luna, Nancy (November 12, 2007). "Kellogg buys Irvine-maker of Gardenburger frozen foods". The Orange County Register. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- Media related to Meat substitutes at Wikimedia Commons