List of medical schools in the United Kingdom
There are thirty-two medical schools in the United Kingdom that are recognised by the General Medical Council and from which students can obtain a medical degree. There are twenty-four such schools in England, five in Scotland, two in Wales and one in Northern Ireland. All but Warwick Medical School and Swansea Medical School offer undergraduate courses in medicine. The Bute Medical School (University of St Andrews) and Durham Medical School offer undergraduate pre-clinical courses only, with students proceeding to another medical school for clinical studies. Although Oxford University and Cambridge University offer both pre-clinical and clinical courses in medicine, students who study pre-clinical medicine at one of these universities may move to another university for clinical studies. At other universities students stay at the same university for both pre-clinical and clinical work.
History of Medical Training
Medical education prior to the foundation of the first medical school in the United Kingdom at the University of Edinburgh in 1726 was most often based on apprenticeships and professors of medicine did very little if any training of students. Few students graduated as physicians during this period.
The earliest place of medical training in Britain was in 1123 at St Bartholomew's Hospital, now part of Queen Mary, University of London. The first Chair of Medicine at a British university was established at Aberdeen in 1497, although this was only filled intermittently and there were calls "for the establishment of a medical school" in 1787. Medical teaching has taken place erratically at the University of Oxford since the early 16th century, and its first Regius Professor of Physic was appointed in 1546. Teaching was reformed in 1833 and again in 1856, but the current medical school was not founded until 1936. The University of St Andrews established a Chair of Medicine in 1772, but did not have a medical school (at Dundee) until 1897. The Linacre Readership in Medicine at the University of Cambridge was founded in 1524, and the Regius Professor of Physic was established in 1540. Teaching was reformed in 1829, but the current medical school was established in 1976. Teaching of apprentices was first recorded in 1561 at St Thomas's Hospital, London, and formalised between 1693 and 1709.
The University of Edinburgh Medical School was founded in 1726 and was the first formally established medical school in the UK. This was followed by Glasgow in 1744, although the school was without a teaching hospital until 1794. The oldest medical school in England is St George's, University of London, which began formal teaching in 1751. In 1768 teaching at St Thomas's and Guy's hospitals in London was formalised with the foundation of the United Hospitals Medical School, which lasted until the foundation of a separate medical school at Guy's in 1825 (now both part of King's College London). The London Hospital Medical College (LHMC) was founded in 1785 and is now part of Queen Mary, University of London's School of Medicine. In the first half of the 19th century, the newly-founded university colleges in London opened teaching hospitals in 1834 (University College Hospital) and 1839 (King's College Hospital). The Middlesex Hospital Medical School (now part of UCL) was also founded in this period, in 1835. The London School of Medicine for Women was founded in 1874, the first medical school in Britain to teach women (now part of UCL).
Outside of London and the universities, medical teaching began in Manchester in 1752 and lectures in Birmingham in 1767. Medical schools in Manchester (1824), Birmingham (1825), Sheffield (1829), Leeds (1831), Bristol (1833), Newcastle (1834), Liverpool (1834), and Belfast (1835) were formally established in the first half of the 19th century. Durham University introduced teaching by a Reader in Medicine from its opening in 1833, but had no medical school until the affiliation of the College of Medicine in Newcastle in 1854. In the later 19th century a medical school was established at Cardiff in 1894.
The next expansion of medical schools began following the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Medical Education (1965-1968) (the Todd Report), which called for the immediate establishment of new schools in Southampton, Leicester and Nottingham to aid medical education in the United Kingdom; all were built between 1970 and 1980. Medical schools at Warwick (located in the City of Coventry), Swansea, Keele (located in the City of Stoke-on-Trent) and Hull (in partnership with York) eventually opened in the 1990s and early 21st century, as well as new medical schools at University of East Anglia (located in the city of Norwich) Durham, Brighton and Sussex, and Plymouth and Exeter. Buckingham University, the oldest private university in England, launched a graduate entry medical school in 2010 although it offers only postgraduate MD qualifications to doctors already qualified to MBBS or equivalent and does not offer initial medical training approved by the General Medical Council at present. It is due to accept its first batch of undergraduates for a four and a half year MBBCh course in 2015 at a cost of £35,000 per year. The school will be known as Buckingham Milton Keynes Medical School and will be in partnership with Milton Keynes NHS Trust. The University of Central Lancashire is expected to submit an application for a private medical school in summer 2013. However, the BMA has expressed concerns that private schools could worsen wider participation in medicine.
|Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry||Queen Mary,
(University of London)
|1995 (St Bartholomew's Hospital- 1123)||Formed by the merger of the Medical College of St Bartholomew's Hospital that was founded in 1123 and the London Hospital Medical College, founded in 1785.||MBBS|||
|University of Birmingham Medical School||Birmingham||1767||Formal medical education began at Birmingham in 1767 Merged with Mason Science College in 1900.||MBChB|||
|Bristol Medical School||Bristol||1833||Merged with the University College, Bristol (now University of Bristol) in 1893.||MBChB|||
|Brighton and Sussex Medical School||Brighton
|2002||Affiliated with both the University of Brighton and the University of Sussex.||BMBS|||
|School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge||Cambridge||1842||Teaching of medicine began in 1540. Linked to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge.||MB BChir|||
|Durham University School of Medicine and Health||Durham||2001||Result of a partnership with the Newcastle University Medical School. DUSMH provides pre-clinical teaching, with clinical teaching and medical degrees awarded by Newcastle University Medical School.||None (see comments)|||
|University of Exeter Medical School||Exeter||NA||Established after the split of the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry.||BMBS|||
|Hull York Medical School||Hull
|2003||Affiliated with both the University of Hull and the University of York.||MBBS|||
|Imperial College School of Medicine||Imperial College London||1997 (Charing Cross Hospital- 1818)||Formed by the merger of St Mary's Hospital Medical School, the National Heart and Lung Institute, the Royal Postgraduate Medical School and the Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School.||MBBS|||
|Keele University School of Medicine||Keele||1978||Founded as the Department of Postgraduate Medicine; began teaching undergraduate clinical medicine in 2003 using the Manchester curriculum. As such, the MBChB degree was awarded by the University of Manchester until 2011. From 2012 (2007 intake) the MBChB degree was awarded by Keele University itself.||MBChB (see comments)|||
|King's College London School of Medicine and Dentistry||King's College London
(University of London)
|1988 (St Thomas's Hospital- 1550)||Result of a merger between King's College London and United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals in 1998. Known as GKT School of Medicine until 2005. Teaching began in 1550 at St Thomas's Hospital Medical School.||MBBS|||
|Lancaster Medical School||Lancaster||2004||Education undertaken by the Cumbria and Lancashire Medical and Dental Consortium. The MBChB degree was awarded by the University of Liverpool. The General Medical Council approved Lancaster in 2012 to deliver their own medical degree independently. Students starting after September 2013, will graduate with a Lancaster degree.||MBChB|||
|Leeds School of Medicine||Leeds||1831||MBChB|||
|Leicester Medical School||Leicester||1975||MBChB|||
|Liverpool Medical School||Liverpool||1834||MBChB|||
|Manchester Medical School||Manchester||1752||Medical teaching began in 1752 when Charles White founded the first modern hospital in the Manchester area, the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Takes clinical students from University of St Andrews, Cambridge and Oxford medical schools.||MBChB|||
|Newcastle University Medical School||Newcastle||1834||Provides clinical teaching and degrees to University of Durham students.||MBBS|||
|University of Nottingham Medical School||Nottingham||1970||Has an associated graduate school, the University of Nottingham Medical School at Derby.||BMBS|||
|Norwich Medical School||East Anglia||2000||Medical school of the University of East Anglia.||MBBS|||
|Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford||Oxford||1220–1255||Medicine has been taught at the University of Oxford since the 13th century.||BM BCh|||
|Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry||Plymouth||NA||Established after the split of the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry.||BMBS|||
|UCL Medical School||University College London
(University of London)
|1998 (Middlesex Hospital - 1746)||A merger in 1987 between the medical schools of Middlesex Hospital (1746) and University College Hospital (1834), and a subsequent merger in 1998 with the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine (founded as the London School of Medicine for Women in 1874) formed the present school.||MB BS|||
|Sheffield Medical School||Sheffield||1828||Affiliated with the Royal Hallamshire Hospital.||MBChB|||
|Southampton Medical School||Southampton||1971||Awards Bachelor of Medicine but no formal surgical degree, although graduates are able to become surgeons. Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMedSci) given to undergraduate students alongside Bachelor of Medicine upon graduation.||BM, BMedSci (see comments)|||
|St George's, University of London||St George's
(University of London)
|1751||The second institution in England to provide formal medical education and the only independent healthcare institution in the UK.||MBBS|||
|Warwick Medical School||Warwick||2000||A graduate-entry course in medicine. Previously Leicester-Warwick Medical School.||MBChB|||
|University of Aberdeen School of Medicine||Aberdeen||1495||Medicine taught as early as the late 15th century. Although no formal medical school was established until the 19th century.||MBChB|||
|Dundee Medical School||Dundee||1967||From 1883 to 1897, University College Dundee was independent. From 1893 to 1967 medicine was taught in Dundee as part of the University of St Andrews. After 1967, medical teaching was under the auspices of the University of Dundee.||MBChB|||
|University of Edinburgh Medical School||Edinburgh||1726||Medicine has been taught in this city since the 16th century. The University of Edinburgh was the first to provide formal medical training beginning in 1726.||MBChB|||
|Glasgow Medical School||Glasgow||1751||Medicine first taught in 1637.||MBChB|||
|University of St Andrews School of Medicine||St Andrews||1413||Medicine taught at St Andrews from 1413. First MD awarded 1696. First Professor appointed 1721. Clinical teaching undertaken at University College, Dundee until 1967. St Andrews awards BSc (Hons), with clinical teaching and MBChB degrees provided by Partner Medical Schools.||BSc (Hons) (see comments)|||
|Cardiff University School of Medicine||Cardiff||1893||Founded in 1893 and previously known as the Welsh National School of Medicine and the University of Wales College of Medicine, it was re-amalgamated into Cardiff University in 2004.||MBBCh|||
|Swansea University School of Medicine||Swansea||2001||Swansea University School provides a graduate-entry course in medicine only.||MBBCh|||
|Queen's University Belfast Medical School||Queen's University Belfast||1821||Only United Kingdom medical school to award graduates Bachelor of Obstetrics (BAO) degree.||MB BCh BAO|||
|St. Georges University||Grenada||1976 in Grenada, West Indies||Uses a US based curriculum||MD|||
|Saint James School of Medicine||Anguilla||2010 in Anguilla (previously established in 1999 in Bonaire)||Uses a US based curriculum||MD|||
|St. Matthews University||Cayman Islands||2002 in the Cayman Islands (previously established in 1997 in Belize)||Uses a US based curriculum||MD|||
|University of Science, Arts and Technology||Montserrat||2003||MD, MBBS|||
- List of pharmacy schools in the United Kingdom
- List of dental schools in the United Kingdom
- Medical school in the United Kingdom
Notes and references
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