List of medieval composers

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This is a list of medieval composers. Composers whose names are italicised have no known surviving music, although in some cases the text of compositions attributed to them survive.

Early medieval composers (born before 1150)[edit]

Name Born Died Nationality Picture
Romanos the Melodist c. 490 c. 560 Jewish-Syrian-born Byzantine
1649. Пакроў.jpg
Yared 505 571 Ethiopian
Yared.jpg
Khosrovidukht ("daughter of Khosrov") 8th century 8th century Armenian
Sahakdukht ("daughter of Sahak") 8th century 8th century Armenian
Otfrid von WeissenburgHis status as a composer is unclear, although some copies of his poetry have surviving music notation.</small c. 800 after 870 Frankish
Kassia 805/810 865/867 Byzantine
Notker Balbulus
(Notker the Stammerer)
c. 840 912 Frankish?
Notker der Stammler.jpg
Hucbald 840/850 930 Frankish
Tuotilo
(Tutilo of Saint Gall)
c. 850 915 Irish
Etienne de Liege
(Stephen of Liege)
c. 850 920 Belgian
Leo VI the Wise 866 912 Byzantine
Odo of Cluny c. 878 942 French
Heriger of Lobbes (Herigerus) c. 925 1007 Frankish?
Odo of Arezzo 10th century 11th century Italian
Fulbert of Chartres 952-970 1028 French
Adémar de Chabannes c. 988 1034 French
Guido da Arezzo
(Guido of Arezzo; Guido Aretinus)
c. 991/992 after 1033 Italian
Statue of Guido of Arezzo.jpg
Wipo
(Wigbert; Wippo of Burgundy)
c. 995 c. 1048 Frankish? (Arles/
Burgundy)
Hermann of Reichenau 1013 1054 German
Hermann der Lahme.gif
Godric c. 1065 1170 English
Song-Godric.jpg
Adam of Saint Victor c. 1068 1146 French
William IX, Duke of Aquitaine
(Guilhem de Peitieus;
Guillaume d'Aquitaine)
1071 1126 Occitan
William IX of Aquitaine - BN MS fr 12473.jpg
Petrus Abaelardus
(Peter Abelard)
1079 1142 French
Abelard and Heloise.jpeg
Demetrius I of Georgia c. 1093 1156 Georgian
Goslenus
(Jocelin of Soissons)
1096 1152 French
Hildegard of Bingen 1098 1179 German
Hildegard von Bingen.jpg
Marcabru c. 1099 c. 1150 Occitan
Marcabru - BN MS fr 12473.jpg
Bernard of Cluny 1100 1170 French
Jaufre Rudel 1105 after 1147 Occitan
Hodierna and Jaufre Rudel.jpg
Albertus Parisiensis
(Albert of Paris)
1116 c. 1177 French
Bernart de Ventadorn 1130/1140 after 1190/1200 Ocitan
BernardDeVentadour.jpg
Peire d'Alvernhe c. 1130 1215 Occitan
BnF ms. 12473 fol. 1 - Peire d'Alvernhe (1).jpg
Chrétien de Troyes c. 1130 c. 1190 French
Chrétien de Troyes.jpg
Tibors de Sarenom c. 1130 after 1198 Occitan
Léonin
(Magister Leonius)
before 1150 c. 1201 French
Giraut de Bornelh c. 1138 1215 Occitan
Guiraut de Bornelh.jpg
Berenguier de Palazol 1140 1209 Catalan
BnF ms. 12473 fol. 126 - Bérengier de Palazol (1).jpg
Arnaut de Mareuil c. 1140 c. 1200 Occitan
Arnaut de Mareuil.jpg
Beatritz de Dia
(Comtessa de Dia)
c. 1140 c. 1200 Occitan
Beatriz de Dia - BN MS12473.jpg
Bertran de Born 1140/1150 1215 Occitan
Bertran de Born.jpg
Hendrik van Veldeke
(Heinrich von Veldeke)
1140/1150 c. 1190 Limburgish/
German
Codex Manesse Heinrich von Veldeke.jpg
"Vidame de Chartres"
(probably Guillaume de Ferrières)
c. 1145/1155 1204? French
Raimbaut d'Aurenga
(Raimbaut of Orange)
c. 1147 1173 Occitan
Rambautz d'Aurenga.jpg
Guilhem de Saint-Leidier
(Guillem Saint Deidier)
c. 1149 c. 1195/1200 Occitan

Middle medieval composers (born 1150–1300)[edit]

Name Born Died Nationality Picture
Arnaut Daniel c. 1150/1160 c. 1200 Occitan
Arnaut Daniel - BN MS fr 12473.jpg
Conon de Béthune c. 1150 1219 French
Folquet de Marselha
(Folquet de Marseille)
c. 1150 1231 Occitan
BnF ms. 12473 fol. 46 - Folquet de Marseille (1).jpg
Friedrich von Hûsen
(Friedrich von Hausen)
c. 1150/1160 1190 German
Gontier de Soignies 1150 after 1220 French
Peire Raimon de Tolosa 1150 after 1220 Occitan
Raimbaut de Vaqueiras c. 1150/1160 1207 Occitan
Raimbaut de Vaqueiras.jpg
Azalais de Porcairagues c. 1155? 1209? Occitan
Blondel de Nesle c. 1155 1202 French
Reinmar von Hagenau
(Reinmar der Alte)
c. 1155 c. 1205 German
Richard I of England
(Richard the Lionheart)
1157 1199 English
Richard Löwenhez, Salbung zum König.jpg
Alamanda de Castelnau c. 1160 1223 Occitan
Audefroi le Bastart 1160 after 1225 French
Cadenet c. 1160 c. 1235 Occitan
Gace Brule c. 1160 after 1213 French
Monge de Montaudon c. 1160 after 1210 Occitan
Pérotin
(Perotinus)
c. 1160 c. 1225 French
Perotin - Alleluia nativitas.jpg
Perdigon 1160 after 1212 Occitan
Perdigon with fiddle.jpg
Peirol c. 1160 c. 1222/1225 Occitan
BnF ms. 854 fol. 56v - Peirol (1).jpg
Philippe le Chancelier
(Philip the Chancellor)
c. 1160 1236 French
Raimon de Miraval c. 1160 c. 1220 Occitan
Raimon de Miraval.jpg
Albertet de Sestaro 1164 after 1221 Occitan
Chastelain de Couci c. 1165 1203 French
Castelin-éd-Couci-chansons-p39.jpeg
Gautier de Dargies c. 1165/1170 c. 1236 French
Bernger von Horheim 1166 13th century? German
Guillem Magret c. 1166 after 1204 Occitan
Castelloza c. 1170 after 1200 Occitan
Gaucelm Faidit 1170 1202 Occitan
BnF ms. 12473 fol. 22 - Gaulcem Faidit (1).jpg
Gui d'Ussel c. 1170 c. 1225 Occitan
Pierre de Molins 1170 c. 1220 French
Pons d'Ortaffa c. 1170 c. 1246 Catalan
Richart de Semilli c. 1170? c. 1200 French
Walther von der Vogelweide c. 1170 c. 1230 German
Codex Manesse Walther von der Vogelweide.jpg
Wolfram von Eschenbach c. 1170 c. 1220 German
CodexManesseFol149vWolframVonEschenbach.jpg
Aimeric de Peguilhan c. 1175 c. 1230 Occitan
Aimeric de Pegulhan.jpg
Guilhem Ademar c. 1175 after 1217 Occitan
Guilhem Ademar.PNG
Peire Vidal 1175 1205 Occitan
BnF ms. 12473 fol. 27 - Peire Vidal (1).jpg
Pons de Capduelh
(Pons de Capdoill)
1175? 1236? Occitan
Gautier de Coincy 1177 1236 French
Gautier de Coinsi.jpg
Maria de Ventadorn 1177? 1222? Occitan
Guilhem Augier
(Ogiers Novella)
c. 1179? after 1230 Occitan
Colin Muset c. 1180 after 1250 French
Garsenda de Proensa c. 1180 c. 1242 Occitan
Peire Cardenal c. 1180? c. 1278? Occitan
Peire Cardenal MS I.gif
Daude de Pradas 1184 c. 1282 Occitan
Aimeric de Belenoi 1185 1272 Occitan
Guiot de Dijon 1185 1225 French
Uc de Saint Circ 1187 1273 Occitan
BnF ms. 854 fol. 127v - Uc de Saint Cirq (1).jpg
Hue de la Ferté 1190 after 1235 French
Neidhart von Reuental c. 1190? after 1236 German
Codex Manesse Neidhart.jpg
Guillaume le Vinier c. 1190 1245 French
Eustache le Peintre de Reims 1195 c. 1240? French
Gilles le Vinier 1195 1252 French
Moniot d'Arras fl. ca. 1225 ??? French
Jehan Erart c. 1200 1258 French
Adam de Givenchi 1200 after 1245 French
Guibert Kaukesel
(Hubert Chaucesel)
c. 1200 after 1255? French
Margot c. 1200 after 1250 French
Maroie (Maroie de Dregnau de Lille) c. 1200 after 1250 French
Reinmar von Zweter c. 1200 after 1248 German
Sordello c. 1200 after 1269 Italian
BnF ms. 12473 fol. 109 - Sordel de Mantoue (1).jpg
Wincenty of Kielcza c. 1200 after 1262 Polish
Hadewijch 13th century 13th century Belgian
Thibaud de Champagne
(Thibaud IV, Count of Champagne;
Theobald I, King of Navarre)
1201 1253 French
Theobald IV. of Champagne.gif
Richard de Fournival 1201 1260? French
IRHT 094594-p.jpg
Gautier d'Épinal (fr) 1202 1272 French
Gertrude of Dagsburg 1205 1225 French
Jehan Bretel c. 1210 1272 French
Martin Codax c. 1210 after 1270 Spanish (Galician)
Martim Codax Cantigas de Amigo.jpg
Thomas Herier c. 1210 after 1270 French
Raoul de Soissons c. 1210/1215 c. 1270 French
Guiraut d'Espanha c. 1215 after 1265 Occitan
Lambert Ferri c. 1220 c. 1300 French
Alfonso el Sabio
(Alfonso X, King of Castile)
1221 1284 Spanish (Castilian)
LibroDesJuegasAlfonXAndCourt.jpg
Robert de la Piere 1225 1258 French
Henry III, Duke of Brabant c. 1230 1261 Belgian
Guiraut Riquier c. 1230 c. 1292 Occitan
Song of Guiraut Riquier.jpg
Konrad von Würzburg c. 1230 1287 German
Codex Manesse Konrad von Würzburg.jpg
Adam de la Halle c. 1237 1288 French
Adam de la halle.jpg
Meister Rumelant c. 1243 after 1286/1287 German
MeisterRumslant.jpg
W. de Wycombe c. 1245 1279? English
Jehan de Lescurel
(Jehannot de l'Escurel)
1250? 1304? French
Ernoul le Vielle de Gastinois
(Ernous li Viele)
c. 1250 c. 1280 French
Franco of Cologne 13th century 13th century German
Der wilde Alexander
(Meister Alexander)
1255 after 1288 German
Casella 1299 or 1300 Italian
Petrus de Cruce c. 1260 after 1302 French
Dom Dinis
(Denis, King of Portugal)
1261 1325 Portuguese
Dinis-P.jpg
Marchetto da Padova c. 1274 after 1319 Italian
John Kukuzelis c. 1280 1360 Bulgarian
Ioannis Koukouzelis.jpg
Philippe de Vitry 1291 1361 French
Philippe de Vitry.jpg

Late medieval and transitional composers (born 1300–1400)[edit]

Name Born Died Nationality Picture
Maestro Piero c. 1300 after 1350 Italian
Guillaume de Machaut c. 1300 1377 French
Machaut 1.jpg
Jacopo da Bologna fl. 1340–1360 1386? Italian
Giovanni da Cascia
(Giovanni da Firenze)
fl. 1340? 14th century Italian
Gherardello da Firenze 1320/1325 1362/1363 Italian
John Hanboys c. 1320? 1380? English
Francesco Landini 1325/1335 1397 Italian
Landini.jpg
Lorenzo da Firenze
(Lorenzo Masini)
c. 1325 1372/1373 Italian
Donato da Cascia fl. c. 1350 after 1370 Italian
Kir Joakim 14th century 14th century Serbian
Grimace 14th century 14th century? French
Mönch von Salzburg (Monk of Salzburg) (de) 14th century 14th century? German
Mönch von Salzburg.JPG
P. des Molins fl. 1370 unknown French
Jehan Vaillant
(Johannes Vaillant)
c. 1330? 1390/1400? French
Johannes Alanus c. 1332? 1373? English
Vincenzo da Rimini c. 1332? after 1364? Italian
Bartolino da Padova fl. 1365 after 1405 Italian
Matheus de Sancto Johanne
(Mayshuet de Joan)
fl. c. 1365 after 1387 French
Philippus de Caserta
(Philipoctus de Caserta)
fl. c. 1370 c. 1400 Italian
Egardus fl. c. 1370? after 1400 Flemish
Egidius de Francia 14th century 14th century? French
Johannes Cuvelier
(Cunelier)
fl. c. 1372 after 1387 French
Franciscus Andrieu fl. c. 1377 c. 1400 French?
Johannes Symonis Hasprois fl. 1378 1428 French
Église de ste hiltrude liessies.JPG
Goscalch (Petrus de Godescalc?) fl. c. 1378/1380 1394? French?
Niccolò da Perugia 14th century c. 1400 Italian
Jehan Suzay fl. c. 1380 after 1395 French
Trebor fl. c. 1380 c. 1400 French
Jan of Jenstejn 1348 1400 Czech
Busta Jan z Jenštejna.jpg
Záviš of Zápy c. 1350 c. 1411 Czech
Antonio Zacara da Teramo c. 1350/1360 c. 1413/1416 Italian
Zachara da Teramo Squarcialupi Portrait.tif
Jacob Senleches fl. c. 1382 after 1395 French
HarpeJacobSenleches.jpg
Andrea da Firenze
(Andreas de Florentia)
fl. c. 1375 c. 1415 Italian
Paolo da Firenze
(Paolo Tenorista)
c. 1355 c. 1436 Italian
Solage 14th century after 1403 French
Hugo von Montfort 1357 1423 German (Austrian)
Hugo von Montfort Wappen cpg329.jpg
Giovanni Mazzuoli
(Giovanni degli Organi)
1360 1426 Italian
Grazioso da Padova
(Gratiosus de Padua)
fl. c. 1391? 15th century? Italian
Martinus Fabri fl. 1395 1400 Dutch
Borlet fl. c. 1397? after 1409 French
Aleyn fl. c. 1400 15th century English
Johannes Ciconia c. 1370 1412 Flemish
Matteo da Perugia fl. 1400 after 1416 Italian
Johannes de Lymburgia c. 1370 1430 Belgian
Johannes Tapissier
(Jean de Noyers)
c. 1370 before 1410 Burgundian
Antonio da Cividale
(Antonius de Civitate Austrie)
fl. c. 1392 1421 Italian
Antonello da Caserta 14th century after 1402? Italian
Nicolas Grenon c. 1375 1456 Burgundian
Oswald von Wolkenstein c. 1377 1445 German
Oswald von Wolkenstein's memorial stone.jpg
Andrea Stefani fl. c. 1399 15th century Italian
Bartolomeo da Bologna fl. 1405 after 1427 Italian
Baude Cordier c. 1380 before 1440 French
CordierColor.jpg
Thomas Fabri 1380 1420 Flemish
Pierre Fontaine c. 1380 c. 1450 French
Nicolaus Ricii de Nucella Campli fl. 1401-20 after 1436 Italian
Mikołaj Radomski
(Nicolaus de Radom)
c. 1380 15th century Polish
Ugolino da Forlì or Ugolino da Orvieto (it) c. 1380 c. 1457 Italian
Leonel Power c. 1370/1385? 1445 English
Canterbury Cathedral, view of the Western Towers engraved by J.LeKeux after a picture by G.Cattermole, 1821 edited.jpg
Jacobus Vide 1385 1433 Burgundian
Queldryk fl. c. 1400 15th century English
Johannes Cesaris fl. 1406 1417 French
Roy Henry
(probably Henry V of England)
fl. c. 1410 15th century English
Byttering
(possibly Thomas Byttering)
fl. c. 1410 after 1420? English
Conradus de Pistoia
(Coradus de Pistorio)
fl. c. 1410 15th century Italian
John Dunstaple c. 1390 1453 English
Hugo de Lantins fl. c. 1420 after 1430? Flemish
Richard Loqueville fl. 1410 1418 French
Pycard fl. c. 1410 15th century English or French
Arnold de Lantins fl. 1423 1432 Flemish
Guillaume Dufay 1397 1474 Burgundian
DufayBinchois.jpg
Estienne Grossin fl. 1418 after 1421 French
Gilles Binchois c. 1400 1460 Burgundian
Gilles Binchois.jpg
Johannes Brassart c. 1400 1455 Burgundian
Manuel Chrysaphes fl. 1440 1463 Byzantine

Timeline[edit]

John DunstapleLeonel PowerOswald von WolkensteinJohannes CiconiaSolageJacob SenlechesFrancesco LandiniJacopo da BolognaGuillaume de MachautPhilippe de VitryJohn KukuzelisDenis, King of PortugalFranco of CologneAdam de la HalleGuiraut RiquierAlfonso X of CastileTheobald I of NavarreNeidhart von ReuentalPeire CardenalGautier de CoincyPeire VidalWalther von der VogelweideGaucelm FaiditPérotinVaqueirasBlondel de NesleArnaut DanielBeatritz de DiaLéoninBernart de VentadornJaufre RudelHildegard von BingenMarcabruAbelardWilliam IX of AquitaineNotker the StammererKassia

See also[edit]