List of members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

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At the Chinese Academy of Sciences, new members are elected biennially.[1] Before 2014 only a maximum of 60 members could be inducted each time, but this restriction has since been removed by new bylaws. The candidates are nominated by current members or academic groups, although foreign members and senior members cannot nominate new candidates.[2] Self nomination is also not allowed. Available candidates are approved by presidiums of academic divisions.[3] Elections are held by secret ballots, and about 20% of the candidates are elected.

The membership system has been criticized as highly bureaucratic. Academicians receive government benefits equivalent to those enjoyed by vice-ministerial level officials. Additionally, academicians can receive numerous subsidies from the local governments in addition to statutory subsidies. Their opinions may carry more weight, which sometimes leads to academic monopolization.[4]

As of September 2014, there are 738 living academicians across different divisions. 141 members constitute the Division of Mathematics and Physics, 126 in the Division of Chemistry, 136 in the Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, 122 in the Division of Earth Sciences, 86 in the Division of Information Technical Sciences, and 131 in the Division of Technological Sciences.[5] 507 former members are deceased.[6] 94% of the members are male, and 6% are female.[7]

Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[edit]

Division of Mathematics and Physics[edit]

1955

[8]

1957

[8]

1980

[8]

1991

[8]

1993

[8]

1995

[8]

1997

[8]

1999

[8]

2001

[8]

2003

[8]

2005

[8]

2007

[8]

2009

[9]

2011

[10]

2013

[11]

2015

[12]

2017

[14]

Division of Chemistry[edit]

1955

[8]

1957

[8]

1980

[8]

1991

[8]

1993

[8]

1995

[8]

1997

[8]

1999

[8]

2001

[8]

2003

[8]

2005

[8]

2007

[8]

2009

[9]

2011

[10]

2013

[11]

2015

[12]

2017

[14]

Division of Life Sciences and Medicine[edit]

1955

[8]

1957

[8]

1980

[8]

1991

[8]

1993

[8]

1995

[8]

1997

[8]

1999

[8]

2001

[8]

2003

[8]

2005

[8]

2007

[8]

2009

[9]

2011

[10]

2013

[11]

2015

[12]

2017

[14]

Division of Earth Sciences[edit]

1955

[8]

1957

[8]

1980

[8]

1991

[8]

1993

[8]

1995

[8]

1997

[8]

1999

[8]

2001

[8]

2003

[8]

2005

[8]

2007

[8]

2009

[9]

2011

[10]

2013

[11]

2015

[12]

2017

[14]

Division of Information Technical Sciences[edit]

1955

1980

[8]

1991

[8]

1993

[8]

1995

[8]

1997

[8]

1999

[8]

2001

[8]

2003

[8]

2005

[8]

2007

2009[9]

2011[10]

2013[11]

2015[12]

2017[14]

Division of Technological Sciences[edit]

1955

[8]

1957

[8]

1980

[8]

1991

[8]

1993

[8]

1995

[8]

1997

[8]

1999

[8]

2001

[8]

2003

[8]

2005

[8]

2007

[8]

2009

[9]

2011

[10]

2013

[11]

2015

[12]

2017

[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国科学院院士章程 [Bylaws for Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences]". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Obligations and Rights of a CAS Foreign Member". Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  3. ^ 齐芳 (13 June 2014). "中科院院士章程改了什么?". Guangming Daily. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  4. ^ 何方 (15 September 2003). "为何有那么多人争当院士". Sina.com.cn. China Youth Daily. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. ^ "全体院士名单". Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  6. ^ "已故院士名单". Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  7. ^ "性别分布图". Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq 《中国大百科全书》总编委会, ed. (March 2009). 中国大百科全书 30. 北京市: 中国大百科全书出版社. pp. 461–471. ISBN 978-7-5000-7958-3.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "关于公布2009年中国科学院院士增选和外籍院士选举结果的公告". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "关于公布2011年中国科学院院士增选和外籍院士选举结果的公告". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "关于公布2013年中国科学院院士增选和外籍院士选举结果的公告". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "关于公布2015年中国科学院院士增选当选院士名单的公告". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  13. ^ a b "杨振宁、姚期智已由中科院外籍院士转为中科院院士". Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "关于公布2017年中国科学院院士增选当选院士名单的公告". Chinese Academy of Sciences. 28 November 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-12-02. Retrieved 1 December 2017.