List of members of the Parliament of Finland, 1919–22

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This is the list of the members of the Parliament of Finland between April 1, 1919 – September 4, 1922 following the parliamentary election in 1919. In the elections Social Democratic Party of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue) won 80 seats, Agrarian Party (Maalaisliitto, Agrarian League) 42, National Coalition Party (Kansallinen Kokoomus) 28, National Progressive Party (Kansallinen Edistyspuolue) 26, Swedish People's Party (Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue, Swedish: Svenska folkpartiet) 22 and Christian Workers' Union (Suomen kristillisen työväen liitto) 2.

Lauri Kristian Relander was selected as Speaker of the Parliament of Finland on April 2. He resigned after being appointed the governor of Viipuri Province on May 8, 1920. Kyösti Kallio was then the Speaker until March 29, 1921, when he was replaced by Wäinö Wuolijoki.

Five cabinets were formed during this parliament: 4 composed of parties from right and center, and one caretaker cabinet. Only the cabinet of Erich had the majority in the parliament.[1]

Cabinets during the parliament[1]
Prime minister Start End Days Parties
Kaarlo Castrén April 4, 1919 August 15, 1919 121 National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Swedish People's Party
Juho Vennola August 15, 1919 March 15, 1920 214 National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Rafael Erich March 15, 1920 April 9, 1921 391 National Coalition Party
National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Swedish People's Party
Juho Vennola April 9, 1921 June 2, 1922 420 National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Aimo Cajander June 2, 1922 November 14, 1922 166 none (caretaker cabinet)

Members of the Parliament 1919-1922[edit]

In the table, the names written with italics were appointed to the Parliament later than April 1, 1919—the first day of the new Parliament—to replace those who had died or resigned.

English name Finnish / Swedish name Seats[2]
Social Democratic Party Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue, Finlands socialdemokratiska parti 80
Agrarian League Maalaisliitto, Agrarförbundet 42
National Coalition Party Kansallinen Kokoomus, Samlingspartiet 28
National Progressive Party Kansallinen Edistyspuolue. Framstegspartiet 26
Swedish People's Party Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue, Svenska folkpartiet 22[N 1]
Christian Workers' Union Suomen kristillisen työväen liitto, Finlands kristliga arbetarförbund 2
Name Born Sex Parliamentary group Constituency Notes Source
Aalto, Artturi 1876 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [1]
Aalto, Kalle 1884 M Social Democratic Party Turku South [N 2] [2]
Ahlfors, Fanny 1884 F Social Democratic Party Turku North [3]
Ailio, Julius 1872 M Social Democratic Party Häme South [4]
Alanen, Ivar 1863 M National Coalition Party Turku North [5]
Alfthan, Alex 1865 M National Coalition Party Häme South [N 3] [6]
Alkio, Santeri 1862 M Agrarian League Vaasa South [7]
Ampuja, Mikko 1882 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [8]
Andersson, Otto 1881 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa North [9]
Arajärvi, Juhani 1867 M National Coalition Party Häme North [10]
Arhama, Kusti 1885 M Agrarian League Oulu South [11]
Arho, Antero 1870 M Social Democratic Party Oulu North [12]
Auer, Ilmari 1879 M National Progressive Party Uusimaa [13]
von Born, Ernst 1885 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [14]
Broända, Johan 1866 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa North [15]
Byman, Lennart 1875 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [N 4] [16]
Collan, Mikko 1881 M National Progressive Party Turku North [N 5] [17]
Colliander, Rafael 1878 M Swedish People's Party Turku South [18]
Eklund, Artur 1880 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa North [19]
Elfving, Otto 1874 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa North [20]
Elovaara, Kustavi 1867 M Agrarian League Oulu South [21]
Erich, Mikko 1888 M National Coalition Party Viipuri East [22]
Erich, Rafael 1879 M National Coalition Party Mikkeli [23]
Estlander, Ernst 1870 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa South [24]
af Forselles, Arthur 1864 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [25]
Fränti, Aleksanteri 1881 M National Progressive Party Oulu South [26]
Furuhjelm, Annie 1859 F Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [27]
Furuhjelm, Ragnar 1879 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [28]
Gebhard, Hedvig 1867 F National Coalition Party Uusimaa [29]
Haapasalo, Anna 1882 F Social Democratic Party Viipuri East [30]
Hakala, Kalle 1884 M Social Democratic Party Turku North [31]
Hakkila, Väinö 1882 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [32]
Hallsten, Ilmi 1862 F National Coalition Party Turku North [33]
Halme, Aatu 1873 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [34]
Hanhisalo, Frans 1893 M Agrarian League Vaasa North [N 6] [35]
Hannula, Edvard 1859 M National Coalition Party Turku North [36]
Hannula, Mandi 1880 F National Progressive Party Mikkeli [37]
Hannunen, Hilda 1882 F Social Democratic Party Vaasa South [N 7] [38]
Hatva, Eero 1872 M Agrarian League Kuopio West [39]
Heikinheimo, Oskari 1873 M National Coalition Party Vaasa East [N 8] [40]
Heikkinen, Juho 1863 M Agrarian League Oulu South [41]
Heikkinen, Pekka 1883 M Agrarian League Kuopio West [42]
Heimonen, Taavetti 1870 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli [N 9] [43]
Heinonen, Kaarlo 1878 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [44]
Helenelund, Edvard 1885 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa South [45]
Helenius-Seppälä, Matti 1870 M Christian Workers' Union Turku South [N 10] [46]
Helle, Edvard 1879 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [N 11] [47]
Helo, Johan 1889 M Social Democratic Party Turku South [48]
Hiidenheimo, Artturi 1877 M National Coalition Party Uusimaa [49]
Hiidenheimo, Elli 1883 F National Coalition Party Häme North [50]
Hildén, Leo 1876 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [51]
Hiltunen, Olli 1877 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio East [52]
Holma, Kaarlo 1883 M National Coalition Party Turku South [53]
Homén, Theodor 1858 M National Coalition Party Viipuri West [54]
Hornborg, Eirik 1879 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [N 12] [55]
Hultin, Tekla 1864 F National Coalition Party Viipuri West [56]
Hupli, Väinö 1886 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [57]
Huttunen, Evert 1884 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri West [58]
Huttunen, Petter 1883 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio West [59]
Hämäläinen, August 1874 M National Progressive Party Häme South [60]
Hästbacka, Emil 1872 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa North [61]
Ihamuotila, Janne 1868 M Agrarian League Häme North [62]
Itkonen, Rieti 1889 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri West [63]
Jaskari, Mikko 1866 M National Coalition Party Vaasa North [64]
Joukahainen, Vilkku 1879 M Agrarian League Viipuri West [N 13] [65]
Junes, Antti 1874 M Agrarian League Oulu North [66]
Juustila, Väinö 1884 M National Coalition Party Oulu South [67]
Juutilainen, Antti 1882 M Agrarian League Viipuri West [68]
Jyske, Jalmari 1884 M National Progressive Party Kuopio East [N 14] [69]
Kaila, Erkki 1867 M National Coalition Party Uusimaa [70]
Kallio, Kyösti 1873 M Agrarian League Oulu South [71]
Kananen, Juho 1874 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli [72]
Kaskinen, Juho 1865 M National Progressive Party Turku South [73]
Kauppinen, Aarne 1889 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli [74]
Kekki, Matti 1868 M National Progressive Party Viipuri East [75]
Kekkonen, Juho 1890 M Christian Workers' Union Turku North [76]
Keto, Jaakko 1884 M Social Democratic Party Häme South [77]
Kivimäki, Toivo 1886 M National Progressive Party Turku South [N 15] [78]
Koivisto, Aleksanteri 1863 M National Coalition Party Vaasa East [N 16] [79]
Koivulahti-Lehto, Hilma 1881 F Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [80]
Koivuranta, Janne 1885 M Agrarian League Oulu North [81]
Kojonen, Rope 1874 M National Progressive Party Häme South [82]
Kokko, Juho 1865 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [83]
Kontu, Arvi 1883 M National Progressive Party Turku South [84]
Korhonen, Vilho 1867 M Social Democratic Party Turku North [85]
Korhonen, Ville 1877 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio West [86]
Koskenkaiku, Artturi 1871 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [87]
Koskinen, August 1878 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [88]
Kotonen, Anton 1876 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri East [89]
Kujala, Jaakko 1882 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa South [90]
Kukkonen, Antti 1889 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [91]
Kärki, Frans 1884 M Agrarian League Vaasa South [92]
Kääriäinen, Heikki 1872 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio West [93]
Lahdensuo, Jalo 1882 M Agrarian League Vaasa North [N 17] [94]
Laherma, Jonas 1888 M Social Democratic Party Oulu North [95]
Laine, Augusta 1867 F National Progressive Party Kuopio East [N 18] [96]
Lanne, Kaarlo 1860 M National Coalition Party Vaasa South [97]
Lassila, Matti 1865 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [N 19] [98]
Latvala, Matti 1868 M Agrarian League Vaasa East [99]
Laukkonen, Matti 1883 M Social Democratic Party Oulu South [100]
Laurén, Karl 1879 M Swedish People's Party Turku South [101]
Lehikoinen, Antti 1886 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio East [102]
Lehtinen, Mooses 1878 M Social Democratic Party Turku South [103]
Lehtokoski, Aino 1886 F Social Democratic Party Turku South [104]
Lehtola, Väinö 1883 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [105]
Lehtonen, Väinö 1883 M Social Democratic Party Turku South [106]
Leino, Emil 1874 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [107]
Leinonen, Olga 1877 F Social Democratic Party Häme South [108]
Leivo, Oskari 1876 M Social Democratic Party Turku North [N 20] [109]
Leppälä, Bertta 1891 F Agrarian League Viipuri East [110]
Leppälä, Juhani 1880 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [111]
Leskinen, August 1876 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri West [112]
Liakka, Niilo 1864 M Agrarian League Oulu North [113]
Lindroos, Alfred 1883 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [N 21] [114]
Linna, Eemil 1876 M National Progressive Party Häme North [115]
Linna, Jalmari 1891 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [116]
Lohi, Kalle 1872 M Agrarian League Oulu North [117]
Loppi, Jaakko 1874 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [118]
Loukko, Jaakko 1870 M Agrarian League Vaasa North [119]
Lumio, Kalle 1872 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [N 22] [120]
Luopajärvi, Mikko 1871 M Agrarian League Vaasa South [N 23] [121]
Luukkonen, Gabriel 1880 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli [122]
Lyytinen, Edla 1874 F Social Democratic Party Viipuri East [N 24] [123]
Malmi, Jalmari 1893 M Agrarian League Viipuri West [N 25] [124]
Malmivaara, Wilhelmi 1854 M National Coalition Party Vaasa North [N 26] [125]
Manner, Albin 1888 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [126]
Mannonen, Matti 1871 M National Coalition Party Viipuri West [127]
Mantere, Oskari 1874 M National Progressive Party Häme South [128]
Meriläinen, Antti 1887 M Social Democratic Party Oulu South [129]
Mero, Aleksanteri 1884 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [N 27] [130]
Mickelsson, Eliel 1886 M Social Democratic Party Turku South [131]
Miemois, Johannes 1866 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa North [132]
Nevanlinna, Ernst 1873 M National Coalition Party Turku South [133]
Niemi, Vilho 1881 M Social Democratic Party Oulu South [134]
Nikkanen, Ville 1885 M National Coalition Party Viipuri West [135]
Niskanen, Henrik 1873 M Agrarian League Mikkeli [136]
Nissinen, Tatu 1883 M National Progressive Party Kuopio West [N 28] [137]
Niukkanen, Juho 1888 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [138]
Nix, Oskar 1872 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa South [139]
Nyberg, Johannes 1862 M National Coalition Party Turku South [140]
Nyrkkö, Antero 1889 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri West [141]
Nättinen, Nestori 1857 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [N 29] [142]
Oja, Matti 1865 M Agrarian League Oulu South [143]
Paasivuori, Matti 1866 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri West [144]
Palmgren, Axel 1867 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [145]
Patinen, Niilo 1886 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [N 30] [146]
Paunu, Penna 1868 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [N 31] [147]
Pehkonen, Mikko 1879 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio East [148]
Perälä, Lauri 1881 M Agrarian League Vaasa East [149]
Pesonen, Aarno 1886 M Agrarian League Oulu South [150]
Pesonen, Yrjö 1888 M Agrarian League Oulu South [151]
Peura, Heikki 1882 M Agrarian League Vaasa South [N 32] [152]
Piitulainen, Mikko 1878 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [153]
Pilkka, Simson 1880 M Agrarian League Viipuri West [154]
Pitkänen, Ari 1876 M Agrarian League Kuopio East [155]
Procopé, Hjalmar 1889 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [156]
Puittinen, Matti 1883 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio East [157]
Puro, Olavi 1883 M Social Democratic Party Häme South [158]
Pöyhönen, Taavi 1882 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli [159]
Raatikainen, August 1874 M Agrarian League Kuopio West [160]
Raearo, Emil 1882 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa East [161]
Ramsay, August 1859 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [162]
Rantanen, Eelis 1879 M Christian Workers' Union Turku South [N 33] [163]
Rapo, Jussi 1878 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri East [164]
Reinikainen, Oskari 1885 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri West [165]
Relander, Lauri Kristian 1883 M Agrarian League Viipuri East [N 34] [166]
Rintala, Toivo 1876 M Social Democratic Party Turku North [167]
Ritavuori, Heikki 1880 M National Progressive Party Turku South [N 35] [168]
Roos, Wilhelm 1858 M Swedish People's Party Turku South [169]
Roslander, Wivi 1891 F Social Democratic Party Turku North [N 36] [170]
Ruuskanen, Kustaa 1881 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli [171]
Ryti, Risto 1889 M National Progressive Party Turku North [172]
Rytkönen, Anni 1891 F Social Democratic Party Kuopio West [173]
Ryynänen, Juho 1873 M Agrarian League Kuopio East [174]
Ryömä, Hannes 1878 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [175]
Rönnberg, Sikstus 1861 M Social Democratic Party Turku South [N 37] [176]
Saarelainen, Pekka 1868 M Agrarian League Kuopio East [177]
Saarikivi, Lyydi 1880 F Social Democratic Party Kuopio West [178]
Sarlin, Bruno 1878 M National Progressive Party Kuopio West [179]
Schauman, Georg 1870 M Swedish Left[N 1] Uusimaa [180]
Selander, Wäinö 1886 M Agrarian League Turku North [181]
Setälä, E. N. 1864 M National Coalition Party Turku North [182]
Sihvo, Aarne 1889 M National Progressive Party Viipuri East [N 38] [183]
Sillanpää, Miina 1866 F Social Democratic Party Turku North [184]
Sinkko, Elias 1871 M National Progressive Party Viipuri West [185]
Sirola, Leander 1871 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa [186]
Snellman, Juho 1866 M National Coalition Party Kuopio West [187]
Soininen, Mikael 1860 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli [188]
Suolahti, Hugo 1874 M National Coalition Party Häme South [189]
Särkkä, Wille 1877 M National Progressive Party Viipuri West [190]
Takkula, Eetu 1884 M Agrarian League Oulu North [191]
Tanner, Väinö 1881 M Social Democratic Party Turku North [192]
Taskinen, Heikki 1888 M Agrarian League Kuopio East [193]
Taskinen, Vili 1874 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli [N 39] [194]
Thuneberg, Paul 1865 M National Progressive Party Viipuri West [195]
Toivari, Anna 1874 F Social Democratic Party Kuopio East [N 40] [196]
Toiviainen, Juhana 1879 M National Progressive Party Viipuri East [N 41] [197]
Tolonen, Jussi 1882 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli [198]
Tonteri, Pekka 1880 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri East [N 42] [199]
Torppa, Juho 1859 M National Progressive Party Vaasa North [200]
Turtiainen, Toivo 1883 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio East [N 43] [201]
Typpö, Leonard 1868 M National Coalition Party Oulu South [202]
Törmä, Heikki 1875 M Social Democratic Party Oulu South [203]
Vainio, Ville 1882 M Social Democratic Party
Socialist Workers' Party
Kuopio West [204]
Valavaara, Iisakki 1871 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa South [N 44] [205]
Valjakka, Hilma 1881 F Social Democratic Party Mikkeli [206]
Valkonen, Matti 1880 M National Progressive Party Viipuri East [207]
Vankkoja, Väinö 1880 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [N 45] [208]
Vennola, Juho 1872 M National Progressive Party Uusimaa [209]
Vesterinen, Vihtori 1885 M Agrarian League Vaasa East [210]
Viljanen, Emil 1874 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [211]
Vilkemaa, Hilja 1887 F National Progressive Party Turku North [N 46] [212]
Virkkunen, Artturi 1864 M National Coalition Party Häme South [N 47] [213]
Virkkunen, Paavo 1874 M National Coalition Party Vaasa South [214]
Virtanen, Juho 1870 M Social Democratic Party Häme South [215]
Virtanen, Nikolai 1884 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [216]
Voionmaa, Väinö 1869 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio West [217]
Vuokoski, Kaarlo 1880 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli [218]
Väre, Oskari 1884 M Social Democratic Party Häme South [219]
von Wendt, Georg 1876 M Swedish Left[N 1] Vaasa South [220]
Wuolijoki, Wäinö 1872 M Social Democratic Party Häme North [221]
Wuorimaa, Artur 1854 M Agrarian League Viipuri West [N 48] [222]
Åkerblom, Kristian 1877 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa South [223]
Österholm, John 1882 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa [224]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Georg Schauman and Georg von Wendt were nominated by Swedish People's Party, but did not join party's parliamentary group after the election and instead formed Swedish Left parliamentary group (Swedish: Svensk Vänster, Finnish: Ruotsalainen vasemmisto). Unlike the majority of Swedish People's Party, Swedish Left supported republican constitution.
  2. ^ Kalle Aalto replaced Sikstus Rönnberg on October 16, 1919
  3. ^ Alex Alfthan replaced Artturi Virkkunen on February 16, 1922
  4. ^ Lennart Byman replaced Eirik Hornborg on May 2, 1922
  5. ^ Mikko Collan resigned on October 8, 1920
  6. ^ Frans Hanhisalo resigned November 25, 1921
  7. ^ Hilda Hannunen replaced Iisakki Valavaara on October 8, 1920
  8. ^ Oskari Heikinheimo replaced Aleksanteri Koivisto on January 27, 1922
  9. ^ Taavetti Heimonen died on June 1, 1920
  10. ^ Matti Helenius-Seppälä died October 18, 1920
  11. ^ Edvard Helle resigned on September 27, 1921
  12. ^ Eirik Hornborg resigned on May 1, 1922
  13. ^ Vilkku Joukahainen replaced Wilhelmi Malmivaara on March 18, 1920
  14. ^ Jalmari Jyske resigned January 27, 1922
  15. ^ Toivo Kivimäki replaced Heikki Ritavuori on February 22, 1922
  16. ^ Aleksanteri Koivisto died on December 22, 1921
  17. ^ Jalo Lahdensuo replaced Frans Hanhisalo on December 7, 1921
  18. ^ Augusta Laine replaced Jalmari Jyske on February 10, 1922
  19. ^ Matti Lassila replaced Penna Paunu on October 12, 1920
  20. ^ Oskari Leivo died on December 12, 1921
  21. ^ Alfred Lindroos replaced Edvard Helle on September 30, 1921
  22. ^ Kalle Lumio replaced Väinö Vankkoja on October 17, 1919
  23. ^ Mikko Luopajärvi died on January 5, 1920
  24. ^ Edla Lyytinen died on May 21, 1919
  25. ^ Jalmari Malmi replaced Artur Wuorimaa on October 11, 1921
  26. ^ Wilhelmi Malmivaara resigned on March 11, 1920
  27. ^ Aleksanteri Mero replaced Lauri Kristian Relander on October 26, 1920
  28. ^ Tatu Nissinen replaced Bruno Sarlin on October 15, 1920
  29. ^ Nestori Nättinen replaced Niilo Patinen on February 28, 1922
  30. ^ NiiloPatinen resigned February 14, 1922
  31. ^ Penna Paunu died on August 24, 1920
  32. ^ Heikki Peura replaced Mikko Luopajärvi on February 13, 1920
  33. ^ Eelis Rantanen replaced Matti Helenius-Seppälä on March 31, 1921
  34. ^ Lauri Relander resigned on October 8, 1920
  35. ^ Heikki Ritavuori was assassinated on February 14, 1922
  36. ^ Wivi Roslander replaced Oskari Leivo on January 24, 1922
  37. ^ Sikstus Rönnberg died on August 30, 1919
  38. ^ Aarne Sihvo resigned on October 4, 1920
  39. ^ Vili Taskinen replaced Taavetti Heimonen on October 4, 1920
  40. ^ Anna Toivari replaced Toivo Turtiainen on October 12, 1920
  41. ^ Juhana Toiviainen replaced Aarne Sihvo on October 12, 1920
  42. ^ Pekka Tonteri replaced Edla Lyytinen on June 3, 1919
  43. ^ Toivo Turtiainen died on September 12, 1920
  44. ^ Iisakki Valavaara resigned on October 8, 1920
  45. ^ Väinö Vankkoja died on August 10, 1919
  46. ^ Hilja Vilkevaara replaced Mikko Collan on October 9, 1920
  47. ^ Artturi Wirkkunen resigned on February 7, 1922
  48. ^ Artur Wuorimaa resigned on September 23, 1921

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ministerikortisto". Valtioneuvosto (Finnish Government). Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  2. ^ Jääskeläinen, Mauno (1973). Itsenäisyyden ajan eduskunta 1919–1938. Suomen Kansanedustuslaitoksen Historia. 7. Eduskunnan historiakomitea. ISBN 951-859-196-2.