List of mental disorders

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The following is a list of mental disorders as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

The DSM is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry, which includes over 450 different definitions of mental disorders.[1] The ICD published by the World Health Organization is the international standard system for classifying all medical diseases.[2] It also includes a section on mental and behavioral disorders.

The diagnostic criteria and information in the DSM and ICD are revised and updated with each new version. This list contains conditions which are currently recognized as mental disorders as defined by these two systems. There is disagreement in various fields of mental health care, including the field of psychiatry, over the definitions and criteria used to delineate mental disorders. Of concern to some professionals is whether certain mental disorders should be classified as "mental illnesses" or whether they would be better described as neurological disorders, or in other ways.

Mental health disorders affect how many people work, act, and function. Broad diagnoses such as anxiety or depression, together with eating disorders, may also serve as umbrella terms for more specific conditions. An example of this would be Separation anxiety disorder, a specific anxiety disorder which exhibits symptoms that may not be present in Generalized anxiety disorder.

Anxiety disorders[edit]

Dissociative disorders[edit]

Mood disorders[edit]

Depressive disorders[edit]

Bipolar disorders[edit]

Trauma and stressor related disorders[edit]

Neuro-developmental disorders[edit]

Sleep-wake disorders[edit]


Circadian rhythm sleep disorder[edit]

Neuro-cognitive disorders[edit]

Substance-related and addictive disorders[edit]

Substance related disorders[edit]

Disorders due to use of alcohol[edit]

Disorders due to use of cannabis[edit]

Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids[edit]

Disorders due to use of opioids[edit]

Disorders due to use of sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic[edit]

Disorders due to use of Cocaine[edit]

Disorders due to use of Amphetamines[edit]

Disorders due to use of synthetic cathinone[edit]

Disorders due to use of caffeine[edit]

Disorders due to use of hallucinogens[edit]

Disorders due to use of nicotine[edit]

Disorders due to use of volatile inhalants[edit]

Disorders due to use of dissociative drugs including ketamine and phencyclidine (PCP)[edit]

Non-substance related disorder[edit]


Somatic symptom related disorders[edit]

Sexual dysfunctions[edit]

Elimination disorders[edit]

Feeding and eating disorders[edit]

Disruptive impulse-control, and conduct disorders[edit]

Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders[edit]

Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders[edit]

Personality disorders[edit]

Cluster A[edit]

Cluster B[edit]

Cluster C[edit]


  • Gender dysphoria (also known as gender integrity disorder or gender incongruence, there are different categorizations for children and non-children in the ICD-11)
  • Medication-induced movement disorders and other adverse effects of medication
  • Catatonia

See also[edit]


  1. ^ American Psychiatric Association. 2013. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.
  2. ^ "International Classification of Diseases (ICD)". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014.