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List of mental disorders

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The following is a list of mental disorders as defined by the DSM and ICD.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry, which includes over 450 different definitions of mental disorders.[1] The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) published by the World Health Organization (WHO) is the international standard system for classifying all medical diseases.[2] It also includes a section on mental and behavioral disorders.

The diagnostic criteria and information in the DSM and ICD are revised and updated with each new version. This list contains conditions which are currently recognized as mental disorders as defined by these two systems. There is disagreement in various fields of mental health care, including the field of psychiatry, over the definitions and criteria used to delineate mental disorders. Of concern to some professionals is whether certain mental disorders should be classified as "mental illnesses" or whether they would be better described as neurological disorders, or in other ways.

Anxiety disorders

Dissociative disorders

Mood disorders

Depressive disorders

Bipolar disorders

Trauma and stressor related disorders

Neuro-developmental disorders

Sleep-wake disorders

Parasomnias

Circadian rhythm sleep disorder

Neuro-cognitive disorders

Substance-related and addictive disorders

Substance related disorders

Disorders due to use of alcohol

Disorders due to use of cannabis

Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids

Disorders due to use of opioids

Disorders due to use of sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic

Disorders due to use of Cocaine

Disorders due to use of Amphetamines

Disorders due to use of synthetic cathinone

Disorders due to use of caffeine

Disorders due to use of hallucinogens

Disorders due to use of nicotine

Disorders due to use of volatile inhalants

Disorders due to use of dissociative drugs including ketamine and phencyclidine (PCP)

Non-substance related disorder

Paraphilias

Somatic symptom related disorders

Sexual dysfunctions

Elimination disorders

Feeding and eating disorders

Disruptive impulse-control, and conduct disorders

Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders

Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders

Personality disorders

Cluster A

Cluster B

Cluster C

Other

  • Gender dysphoria (also known as gender integrity disorder or gender incongruence, there are different categorizations for children and non-children in the ICD-11)
  • Medication-induced movement disorders and other adverse effects of medication
  • Catatonia

See also

References

  1. ^ American Psychiatric Association. 2013. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.
  2. ^ "International Classification of Diseases (ICD)". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014.