List of mergers and acquisitions by Apple

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Apple's former headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop in Cupertino, California

Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation that designs and manufactures consumer electronics and software products. It was established in Los Altos, California, on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne,[1][2] and was incorporated on January 3, 1977.[3][4] The company's hardware products include the Macintosh line of personal computers, the iPod line of portable media players, the iPad line of tablets, the iPhone line of smartphones, the Apple TV line of digital media players, and the Apple Watch line of smartwatches. Apple's software products include the macOS, iOS, iPadOS, tvOS, and watchOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, and the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software.[5] As of July 2019, Apple is publicly known to have acquired more than 100 companies. The actual number of acquisitions is possibly larger as Apple does not reveal the majority of its acquisitions unless discovered by the press. Apple has cofounded two half-equity partnerships and purchased equity stakes in three preexisting companies, and has made three divestments. Apple has not released the financial details for the majority of its mergers and acquisitions.

Apple's business philosophy is to acquire small companies that can be easily integrated into existing company projects.[6] For instance, Apple acquired Emagic and its professional music software, Logic Pro, in 2002. The acquisition was incorporated in the creation of the digital audio workstation software GarageBand, now part of the iLife software suite.[6]

The company made its first acquisition on March 2, 1988, with its purchase of Network Innovations. In 2013, Apple acquired thirteen companies—more than it has in any other year to date. Apple's largest acquisition was that of Beats Electronics in August 2014 for $3 billion.[7] Of the companies Apple has acquired, 71 were based in the United States.

In early-May 2019, Apple CEO Tim Cook said to CNBC that Apple acquires a company every two to three weeks on average, having acquired 20 to 25 companies in the past six months alone.[8]

Acquisitions[edit]

Number Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References Derived products
1 March 2, 1988 Network Innovations Software  United States [9] Data Access Language (DAL)
2 June 7, 1988 Orion Network Systems Satellite communication systems  United States [10]
3 June 27, 1988 Styleware[note 1] Computer software  United States [11] AppleWorks GS, iWork, iLife
4 July 11, 1988 Nashoba Systems[note 1] Computer software  United States [12] FileMaker
5 January 3, 1989 Coral Software Computer software  United States [13][14] Macintosh Common Lisp
6 February 7, 1997 NeXT Unix-like hardware and software platform  United States 404,000,000 [15] Mac OS X/macOS, Darwin, iOS, tvOS, watchOS, audioOS
7 September 2, 1997 Power Computing Corporation Macintosh clones  United States 110,000,000 [16][17]
8 January 8, 1999 Xemplar Education Software  United Kingdom 4,926,000 [18]
9 November 3, 1999 Raycer Graphics Computer graphic chips  United States 15,000,000 [19]
10 January 7, 2000 NetSelector Internet software  United States [20]
11 April 11, 2000 Astarte-DVD Authoring Software[note 2] Software  Germany [21] DVD Studio Pro, iDVD
12 2000 (Q4) SoundJam MP[note 3] Software  United States [22] iTunes
13 Early 2001 Bluefish Labs Productivity software  United States [23] iWork
14 May 11, 2001 bluebuzz Internet service provider (ISP)  United States [24]
15 July 9, 2001 Spruce Technologies[note 4] Graphics software  United States 14,900,000 [25][26] DVD Studio Pro
16 December 31, 2001 PowerSchool Online info systems services  United States 66,100,000 [26][27] PowerSchool
17 February 1, 2002 Nothing Real Special effects software  United States 15,000,000 [26][28] Shake
18 April 4, 2002 Zayante FireWire chips and software  United States 13,000,000[note 5] [29][30][31] FireWire
19 June 11, 2002 Silicon Grail Corp-Chalice[note 6][note 7] Digital effects software  United States 20,000,000[note 8] [30][32] Motion
20 June 20, 2002 Propel Software internet and network optimization for wireless carriers  United States [33] Safari
21 June 21, 2002 Prismo Graphics[note 7] Special-effects titling software for film and video  United States 20,000,000[note 8] [30][34] LiveType (Final Cut Studio)
22 July 1, 2002 Emagic Music production software  Germany 30,000,000 [26][35] Logic Pro, GarageBand
23 March 2005 SchemaSoft Software  Canada [36] iWork
24 April 2005 FingerWorks Gesture recognition company  United States [37][38] iOS
25 October 16, 2006 Silicon Color Software  United States [39] Color (Final Cut Studio)
26 December 4, 2006 Proximity Software  Australia [40] Final Cut Server
27 April 24, 2008 P.A. Semi Semiconductors  United States 278,000,000 [41][42] Apple SOC
28 July 7, 2009 Placebase Maps  United States [43] Apple Maps
29 December 4, 2009 Lala.com Music streaming  United States 17,000,000 [44] iCloud, iTunes Match
30 January 5, 2010 Quattro Wireless Mobile advertising  United States 275,000,000 [45] iAd
31 April 27, 2010 Intrinsity Semiconductors  United States 121,000,000 [46] Apple SOC
32 April 27, 2010 Siri Voice control software  United States [47] Siri
33 May 10, 2010 Gipsy Moth Studios Application Regionalization Firm 121,000,000 [48] iPod, iPhone, iPad
34 July 14, 2010 Poly9 Web-based mapping  Canada [49] Apple Maps
35 September 20, 2010 Polar Rose Facial recognition  Sweden 29,000,000 [50] iOS
36 September 14, 2010 IMSense High-dynamic-range (HDR) photography  United Kingdom [51] iOS
37 August 1, 2011 C3 Technologies 3D mapping  Sweden 267,000,000 [52] Maps
38 December 20, 2011 Anobit Flash memory  Israel 500,000,000 [53] iPod, iPhone, iPad
39 February 23, 2012 Chomp App search engine  United States 50,000,000 [54] App Store
40 June 2, 2012 Redmatica Audio  Italy [55] Logic Pro, GarageBand
41 July 27, 2012 AuthenTec PC and mobile security products  United States 356,000,000 [56] Touch ID
42 September 27, 2012 Particle HTML5 Web app firm  United States [57] iCloud, iAd
43 2013 Novauris Technologies Speech recognition  United Kingdom [58][59] Siri
44 2013 OttoCat Search engine  United States [60] App Store
45 March 23, 2013 WiFiSlam Indoor location  United States 20,000,000 [61] Apple Maps
46 July 19, 2013 Locationary Maps  Canada [62] Apple Maps
47 July 19, 2013 HopStop.com Maps  United States [63] Apple Maps
48 August 1, 2013 Passif Semiconductor Semiconductors  United States [64] Apple SOC
49 August 13, 2013 Matcha Media discovery app  United States [65] TV app for Apple TV and iOS
50 August 22, 2013 Embark Maps  United States [66] Apple Maps
51 August 28, 2013 AlgoTrim Mobile data compression[67]  Sweden [68] iOS
52 October 3, 2013 Cue Personal assistant  United States 50,000,000 [69] Siri
53 November 24, 2013 PrimeSense Structured-light 3D scanners  Israel 360,000,000 [70] Face ID, TrueDepth[71][72]
54 December 2, 2013 Topsy Analytics  United States 200,000,000 [73] App Store, Apple Music, iTunes Store[74]
55 December 23, 2013 BroadMap Maps  United States [75] Apple Maps
56 December 23, 2013 Catch.com Software  United States [75] Siri
57 December 2013 Acunu Database analytics  United States [76] iCloud
58 January 4, 2014 SnappyLabs Photography software  United States [77] Camera
59 February 21, 2014 Burstly Software testing  United States [78] TestFlight, App Store
60 May 2, 2014 LuxVue Technology microLED displays  United States [79]
61 June 6, 2014 Spotsetter Social search engine  United States [80] Apple Maps
62 June 29, 2014 Swell Music streaming  United States 30,000,000 [81] Apple Music
63 June 29, 2014 BookLamp Book analytics  United States [82][83] iBooks
64 August 1, 2014 Beats Electronics Headphones, music streaming (Beats Music)  United States 3,000,000,000 [7] iPhone, iTunes, Apple Music
65 September 23, 2014 Prss Digital magazine  Netherlands [84] Apple News[85]
66 2014 Dryft On-Screen Keyboard  United States [86] iOS Keyboard
67 January 2015 Camel Audio Audio plug-ins and sound libraries  United Kingdom [87] Logic Pro
68 January 21, 2015 Semetric Music analytics  United Kingdom 50,000,000 [88][89] Apple Music, iTunes Store
69 March 24, 2015 FoundationDB Database  United States [90] iMessage Backend
70 April 14, 2015 LinX Camera  Israel 20,000,000 [91]
71 April 2015 Coherent Navigation GPS  United States [92] Apple Maps
72 May 2015 Metaio Augmented reality  Germany [93] ARKit
73 September 2015 Mapsense Mapping visualization and data collection  United States 25,000,000—30,000,000 [94][95] Apple Maps
74 September 2015 VocalIQ Speech technology  United Kingdom [96] Siri
75 September 2015 Perceptio Machine learning, Image recognition  United States [97] Face ID, Animoji, Photos
76 November 2015 Faceshift Realtime Motion Capture   Switzerland [98][99] Animoji
77 January 7, 2016 Emotient Emotion recognition  United States [100][101][102] Face ID, Animoji[103]
78 January 28, 2016 LearnSprout Education technology  United States [104][105] Classroom iPad App
79 January 29, 2016 Flyby Media Augmented reality  United States [106] ARKit
80 February 3, 2016 LegbaCore Platform security  United States [107] Exposed firmware exploit in Apple computers.[107]
81 August 5, 2016 Turi Machine learning  United States 200,000,000 [108][109][110] Xcode, Core ML
82 August 22, 2016 Gliimpse Personal health info collection company  United States [111][112][113] HealthKit, CareKit, ResearchKit
83 September 22, 2016 Tuplejump Machine learning  India [114][115] Siri, CoreML
84 December 1, 2016 Indoor.io Indoor mapping and navigation  Finland [116] Maps, Project Titan
85 March 23, 2017 Workflow Automation and scripting app  United States [117][118] Shortcuts (iOS 12)[119]
86 May 8, 2017 Beddit Sleep tracking hardware  Finland [120][121] iOS, watchOS, Apple Watch
87 May 13, 2017 Lattice Data Artificial intelligence  United States 200,000,000 [122] Photos
88 June 16, 2017 SensoMotoric Instruments Eye tracking hardware and software  Germany [123] ARKit
89 September 22, 2017 Vrvana Augmented reality head-mounted display  Canada 30,000,000 [124] ARKit
90 September 29, 2017 Regaind Computer vision  France [125] Photos
91 October 2017 init.ai Messaging assistant  United States [126] Siri
92 October 2017 PowerbyProxi Wireless charging  New Zealand [127][128] iPhone, AirPower
93 November 9, 2017 InVisage Technologies Quantum dot-based image sensors  United States [129] iPhone, iPad
94 December 5, 2017 Pop Up Archive tools for searching digital spoken words  United States [130] iTunes, Apple Music
95 December 2017 Spektral 'Green Screen' Technology  Denmark 30,000,000 [131][132][133] Photos, iOS
96 2018 Laserlike Machine learning  United States [134] Artificial Intelligence, Siri
97 2018 Silk Labs Artificial Intelligence, home monitoring  United States [135]
98 2018 Tueo Health Asthma monitoring  United States [136][137]
99 January 2018 Silicon Valley Data Science Data science  United States [138][139]
100 January 2, 2018 Buddybuild Feedback Platform for Development teams  Canada [140][141] Xcode, TestFlight
101 March 12, 2018 Texture Digital magazine subscription service  United States,  Canada [142] Apple News, News+
102 August 29, 2018 Akonia Holographics Lenses for augmented reality glasses  United States [143][144]
103 September 24, 2018 Shazam Music and Image recognition  United Kingdom 400,000,000 [145][146][147] iTunes, Siri, Apple Music
104 October 11, 2018 Dialog Semiconductor (portions) Chip development  United Kingdom 600,000,000 [148][149]
105 December 7, 2018 Platoon Artist development  United Kingdom [150][151]
106 March 21, 2019 Stamplay Backend Development  Italy 5,600,000 [152][153]
107 June 25, 2019 Drive.ai Autonomous vehicles  United States [154]

Stakes[edit]

Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References
1992 Kaleida Labs AIM alliance multimedia software[note 9]  United States
March 2, 1992 Taligent Inc. AIM alliance operating system[note 9]  United States
June 1, 1999 Akamai Technologies Web site support services  United States 12,500,000[note 10] [155]
December 18, 2008 Imagination Technologies Chip design  United Kingdom 4,700,000[note 11] [156][157][158]
May 12, 2016 Didi Chuxing Real-time ridesharing  China 1,000,000,000 [159][160]

Divestitures[edit]

Date Acquirer Target company Target business Acquirer country/nationality Value (USD) References
April 22, 1992 Misys Computer Maintenance Sign Express Group Maintenance activities  United Kingdom 705,000 [161]
May 31, 1996 SCI Systems Apple Computer-Manufacturing Computers  United States [162]
April 21, 2010 Google Inc. Agnilux Inc. Information technology services  United States [163]

Significant investments in Apple[edit]

Date Investor Investor country/nationality Value (USD) References
April 2, 1997 Al-Waleed bin Talal  Saudi Arabia 115,000,000[note 12] [164][165]
August 6, 1997 Microsoft  United States 150,000,000[note 13] [166][167]
August 7, 1997 Grupo Carso  Mexico 60,650,000[note 14] [168]

Institutional ownership[edit]

Apple Inc. is a public, joint-stock company registered with the SEC. As of December 31, 2018, it has 4,715,280,000 outstanding shares. These are mainly held by institutional investors and funds.[169][170][171] The top 16 institutional shareholders (and eight related, notable funds with over 25 million shares)[170] are:[169]

Subsidiaries of Apple[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Acquired by Apple subsidiary Claris
  2. ^ Acquired from Astarte
  3. ^ Acquired from Casady & Greene
  4. ^ Acquired from Japan Information Processing Service
  5. ^ This figure hasn't been verified by anyone. Regardless, the actual combined price is $20,000,000 for Zayante, Silicon, and Prismo.
  6. ^ Acquired from Silicon Grail
  7. ^ a b Only "acquired certain technology and patent rights" according to SEC Filing. Not the entire company.
  8. ^ a b $20,000,000 was the total cost for "certain technology and patent rights" from Zayante, Silicon, and Prismo. Not per company, but for all three combined.
  9. ^ a b Originally incorporated as a 50% jointly owned partnership between Apple Inc. and IBM, as a result of the 1991 AIM alliance
  10. ^ Acquired a 5% stake
  11. ^ Acquired a 3.6% stake. Increased to 9.5% in June 2009. Held 8.67% or 23 million shares as of the end of 2013.
  12. ^ Acquired a 5% stake, or 6.25 million common shares, prior to the 2000 and 2005 splits. Al-Waleed bin Talal sold the shares in 2005.
  13. ^ Acquired a 5% stake, or 150,000 Series A shares. Microsoft sold the shares by 2003.
  14. ^ Acquired a 3% stake, or 3.79 million common shares, prior to the 2000, 2005, and 2014 splits.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

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