List of meteor showers

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Named meteor showers recur at approximately the same dates each year. They appear to "radiate" from a certain point in the sky (the radiant) and vary in the speed, frequency and brightness of the meteors. As of March 2016, there are 95 known meteor showers.[1]

Table of meteor showers[edit]

Note: Dates are accurate for 2017.[2] The dates will 'move' based upon the year in the Leap year cycle. Also, this list includes showers with radiants in both the northern and southern hemispheres. There is some overlap, but generally showers whose radiants have positive declinations are best seen from the northern hemisphere, and those with negative declinations are best observed from the southern hemisphere.

Name Dates
(as of 2017)
Peak
(as of 2017)
Celestial longitude
RA Dec Speed
(km/s)
ZHR rating parent body[3]
Antihelion Source 10 Dec – 10 Sep multiple varies varies 30 4 medium
Quadrantids 28 Dec – 12 Jan 3 Jan 283.15 15.3 +49 41 120 bright 2003 EH1 ?
Gamma Ursae Minorids 15 Jan – 25 Jan 20 Jan 299 15.2 +67 31 3 medium
Alpha Centaurids 28 Jan – 21 Feb 8 Feb 319.2 14.0 −59 56 6 bright
Gamma Normids 25 Feb – 28 Mar 14 Mar 354 15.9 −50 56 6 bright
Lyrids 16 Apr – 25 Apr 22 Apr 32.32 18.1 +34 49 18 bright C/1861 G1 (Thatcher)
Pi Puppids 15 Apr – 28 Apr 23 Apr 33.5 7.3 −45 18 variable bright 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup
Eta Aquariids 19 Apr – 28 May 6 May 45.5 22.5 −1 66 50 bright 1P/Halley
Eta Lyrids 3 May – 14 May 9 May 48 19.1 +44 43 3 medium
Daytime Arietids 14 May – 24 Jun 7 Jun 76.6 2.9 +24 38 50 medium 1566 Icarus ?
June Bootids 22 Jun – 2 Jul 27 Jun 95.7 14.9 +48 18 variable bright
Piscis Austrinids 15 Jul – 10 Aug 28 Jul 125 22.7 −30 35 5 faint
Southern Delta Aquariids 12 Jul – 23 Aug 30 Jul 127 22.7 −16 41 25 bright
Alpha Capricornids 3 Jul – 15 Aug 30 Jul 127 20.5 −10 23 5 bright
Perseids 17 Jul – 24 Aug 12 Aug 140.0 3.2 +58 59 150 bright 109P/Swift-Tuttle
Kappa Cygnids 3 Aug – 25 Aug 17 Aug 145 19.1 +59 25 3 medium
Aurigids 28 Aug – 5 Sep 1 Sep 158.6 6.1 +39 66 6 bright
September Epsilon Perseids 5 Sep – 21 Sep 9 Sep 166.7 3.2 +40 64 5 medium
Daytime Sextantids 9 Sep – 9 Oct 27 Sep 184.3 10.1 0 32 5 bright
Draconids 6 Oct – 10 Oct 8 Oct 195.4 17.5 +54 20 variable medium 21P/Giacobini-Zinner
Southern Taurids 10 Sep – 20 Nov 10 Oct 197 2.1 +9 27 5 bright Comet Encke
Delta Aurigids 10 Oct – 18 Oct 11 Oct 198 5.6 +44 64 2 medium
Epsilon Geminids 14 Oct – 27 Oct 18 Oct 205 6.8 +27 70 3 medium C/1964 N1 (Ikeya)
Orionids 2 Oct – 7 Nov 21 Oct 208 6.3 +16 66 15 bright 1P/Halley
Leonis Minorids 19 Oct – 27 Oct 24 Oct 211 10.8 +37 62 2 medium
Northern Taurids 20 Oct – 10 Dec 12 Nov 230 3.9 +22 29 5 bright Comet Encke
Leonids 6 Nov – 30 Nov 17 Nov 235.27 10.1 +22 71 15 bright 55P/Tempel–Tuttle
Alpha Monocerotids 15 Nov – 25 Nov 21 Nov 239.32 7.8 +1 65 variable bright
November Orionids 13 Nov – 6 Dec 28 Nov 246 6.1 +16 44 3 medium
Phoenicids 28 Nov – 9 Dec 2 Dec 250.0 1.2 −53 18 variable medium 289P/Blanpain
Puppid-Velids 1 Dec – 15 Dec multiple 255 8.2 −45 40 10 medium
Monocerotids 5 Dec – 20 Dec 8 Dec 257 6.7 +8 41 2 medium C/1917 F1 (Mellish)
Sigma Hydrids 3 Dec – 15 Dec 11 Dec 260 8.5 +2 58 3 medium
Geminids 4 Dec – 17 Dec 14 Dec 262.2 7.5 +33 35 120 medium 3200 Phaethon
Comae Berenicids 12 Dec – 23 Dec 16 Dec 264 11.7 +18 65 3 medium
Dec. Leonis Minorids 5 Dec – 4 Feb 20 Dec 268 10.7 +30 64 5 medium
Ursids 17 Dec – 26 Dec 22 Dec 270.7 14.5 +76 33 10 medium 8P/Tuttle

Sources[edit]

This list of meteor streams and peak activity times is based on data from the International Meteor Organization while most of the parent body associations are from Gary W. Kronk book, Meteor Showers: A Descriptive Catalog, Enslow Publishers, New Jersey, ISBN 0-89490-071-4, and from Peter Jenniskens's book, "Meteor Showers and Their Parent Comets", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, ISBN 9780521853491.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The established meteor showers as observed by CAMS Icarus, Volume 266, 1 March 2016, Pages 331-354.
  2. ^ "2017 Meteor Shower Calendar" (PDF). International Meteor Organization. 
  3. ^ "Meteor Streams". NASA. 

Further reading[edit]