List of metro systems

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The Shanghai Metro is the longest metro system by route length.
The Beijing Subway is the metro system with the highest ridership.
The New York City Subway has the most stations.
The London Underground is the oldest metro system.

This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahns or undergrounds. As of October 2014, 148 cities[1] in 55 countries around the world host the approximately 160 metro systems that are listed here. The earliest metro system, the London Underground, first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863;[2] its first electrified underground line opened in 1890,[2] making the London Underground the world's first metro system.[3] The metro system with the longest route length is the Shanghai Metro;[1][4] the busiest one is the Beijing Subway;[4] and the one with the most stations is the New York City Subway.[4]

Considerations[edit]

The International Association of Public Transport (L'Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic".[5][6] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[7][8][9] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[7][8]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[7][8] and commuter rail,[7][8] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[5] the U.S.'s APTA and FTA distinguish all three modes.[7][8] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as S-Bahn, suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included in this list. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city's, region's, or country's rapid transit systems, or to establish a ranking. Doing so would in many cases lead to a gross misrepresentation.

Legend[edit]

The locations of all the world's metro systems
Countries with metro systems
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (and the connecting article for that system).
Year opened
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (e.g. electrified) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the metro system was expanded in terms of the system length or number of stations.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, as quoted by the system's operating company.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers (or miles). Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. There is a major discrepancy between the ridership figures: some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not.

List[edit]

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

City Country Name Year
opened
Year of last
expansion
Stations System length Ridership
(millions)
Algiers  Algeria Algiers Metro 2011[10] 2015[10] 14[11] 13.5 km (8.4 mi)[11] 16 (2014)[R 1]
Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 1913 2015[Nb 1] 85[12] 53.9 km (33.5 mi)[12] 242 (2014)[R 2][R 3][R 4][R Nb 1]
Yerevan  Armenia Yerevan Metro 1981[13] 1996[14] 10[13] 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[13] 15.8 (2014)[R 5]
Vienna  Austria Vienna U-Bahn 1976[15] 2013[15] 104[15] 78.5 km (48.8 mi)[15] 439.8 (2014)[R 6]
Baku  Azerbaijan Baku Metro 1967[16] 2016[Nb 2] 25[16] 36.7 km (22.8 mi)[16] 215.5 (2014)[R 5]
Minsk  Belarus Minsk Metro 1984[17] 2014[17][Nb 3] 29[18] 37.3 km (23.2 mi)[R 7] 318.5 (2014)[R 5][R 7]
Brussels  Belgium Brussels Metro 1976[19] 2009[Nb 4] 59[Nb 5] 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[20] 133.4 (2014)[R 8]
Belo Horizonte  Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 1986[21] 2002[21] 19[22] 28.1 km (17.5 mi)[23] 64.4 (2014)[R 9]
Brasília  Brazil Brasília Metro 2001[24] 2010[24] 24[25] 42.4 km (26.3 mi)[25] 54.75 (2013)[R 10]
Porto Alegre  Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 1985 2013[Nb 6] 22 43.4 km (27.0 mi) 58.8 (2014)[R 11]
Recife  Brazil Recife Metro 1985[26] 2009[26] 28[27] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[27] 110.2 (2014)[R 9]
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979[28] 2014[29] 35[30] 41 km (25 mi)[30] 228.2 (2014)[R 12]
Salvador  Brazil Salvador Metro 2014[31] 2015[32] 8 11.9 km (7.4 mi)[32] n/a
São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo Metro 1974[33] 2014[34][Nb 7] 67[33] 74.8 km (46.5 mi)[R 13] 1110 (2014)[R 13]
Sofia  Bulgaria Sofia Metro 1998[35] 2016[36] 35[36] 40 km (25 mi)[36] 164.3 (2013)[R 14]
Montreal  Canada Montreal Metro 1966 2007[Nb 8] 68[37] 69.2 km (43.0 mi) 357.7 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Toronto  Canada Toronto Subway/RT[38] 1954[39] 2002[39][Nb 9] 69[39] 68.3 km (42.4 mi)[39] 324.7 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2][R Nb 3]
Vancouver  Canada SkyTrain 1985[40] 2009[Nb 10] 47[41] 68.6 km (42.6 mi)[41] 117.7 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Santiago  Chile Santiago Metro 1975[42] 2011 108[43] 103 km (64 mi)[43] 667.6 (2014)[R 16]
Beijing  China Beijing Subway[44][45] 1971[Nb 11] 2015[46] 318[47][Nb 12] 554 km (344 mi)[46] 3250 (2015)[R 17]
Changsha  China Changsha Metro 2014[48] 2016[49] 43[49] 50.2 km (31.2 mi)[49] n/a
Chengdu  China Chengdu Metro 2010 2015[50] 70 88.2 km (54.8 mi) 339 (2015)[R 18]
Chongqing  China Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 2016[51] 120 201.6 km (125.3 mi)[52] 630 (2015)[R 19]
Dalian  China Dalian Metro[53] 2003 2015[53] 56 141 km (88 mi) 103.8 (2014)[R 20]
Dongguan  China Dongguan Metro 2016[54] 15 37.8 km (23.5 mi) n/a
Foshan  China FMetro[Nb 13] 2010 2015 18 27.7 km (17.2 mi) n/a[R Nb 4]
Fuzhou  China Fuzhou Metro 2016[55] 9 n/a n/a
Guangzhou  China Guangzhou Metro 1997 2015[56] 144[57][Nb 14] 240 km (150 mi)[58] 2400 (2015)[R 21]
Harbin  China Harbin Metro 2013[59][60] 18[59][60] 17.5 km (10.9 mi)[59][60] n/a
Hangzhou  China Hangzhou Metro[61] 2012 2015[62][Nb 15] 57 81.5 km (50.6 mi) 152 (2015)[R 22][R Nb 5]
Hong Kong  China MTR 1979[Nb 16] 2015[Nb 17] 87[63] 174.7 km (108.6 mi)[64] 1707 (2015)[R 22][R 23][R Nb 6]
Kunming  China Kunming Rail Transit 2012 2013[65][Nb 18] 14 40.1 km (24.9 mi) n/a
Nanchang  China Nanchang Metro 2015 24 28.7 km (17.8 mi) n/a
Nanjing  China Nanjing Metro[66] 2005 2015[66][Nb 19] 121 224.3 km (139.4 mi) 716.7 (2015)[R 24][R 25]
Nanning  China Nanning Metro[67] 2016[67] 10 11.2 km (7.0 mi) n/a
Ningbo  China Ningbo Rail Transit[68] 2014 2016[68] 51 74.5 km (46.3 mi) 37.8 (2015)[R 26]
Qingdao  China Qingdao Metro 2015[69] 10 n/a n/a
Shanghai  China Shanghai Metro[Nb 20] 1993 2016[70] 364[71] 588 km (365 mi)[71] 3068 (2015)[R 27]
Shenyang  China Shenyang Metro 2010 2013[72] 43 55.1 km (34.2 mi) 278 (2015)[R 28]
Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Metro 2004 2016[73] 149 230 km (140 mi) 1122 (2015)[R 29]
Suzhou  China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2013[74][Nb 21] 46 52.3 km (32.5 mi) 136.3 (2015)[R 24][R 30]
Tianjin  China Tianjin Metro 1984 2014[75] 87 137 km (85 mi) 256 (2015)[R 31]
Wuhan  China Wuhan Metro 2004 2015[76] 102 128.7 km (80.0 mi) 568 (2015)[R 32]
Wuxi  China Wuxi Metro 2014[77] 2014[78] 45 56 km (34.8 mi)[77][78] 72.2 (2015)[R 24]
Xi'an  China Xi'an Metro 2011 2014[79][Nb 22] 55 51.9 km (32.2 mi) 310 (2015)[R 33]
Zhengzhou  China Zhengzhou Metro 2013[80] 20 26.3 km (16.3 mi) 88.1 (2015)[R 34]
Medellín  Colombia Medellín Metro 1995[81] 2012[Nb 23] 27[81] 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[81] 183.35 (2014)[R 35][R 36][R 37][R 38]
Prague  Czech Republic Prague Metro 1974[82] 2015[Nb 24] 61[83] 65.2 km (40.5 mi)[83] 450.1 (2014)[R 39]
Copenhagen   Denmark Copenhagen Metro 2002 2007 22[84] 20.4 km (12.7 mi)[84] 56 (2014)[R 40]
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 2009 2013[85] 30[85][86] 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[85][86] 66.2 (2015)[R 41]
Cairo  Egypt Cairo Metro[87] 1987 2014[Nb 25] 61 77.9 km (48.4 mi) 1314 (2015)[R 42][R Nb 7]
Helsinki  Finland Helsinki Metro 1982[88] 2007[88] 17[89] 21.1 km (13.1 mi)[90] 62 (2014)[R 43]
Lille  France Lille Metro 1983[91] 2000[91] 60[92] 45 km (28 mi)[92] 105 (2013)[R 44][R 45]
Lyon  France Lyon Metro 1978[93] 2013[Nb 26] 40[93] 32 km (20 mi)[93] 197.9 (2013)[R 44]
Marseille  France Marseille Metro 1977 2010 28[94] 21.5 km (13.4 mi)[94] 79.8 (2013)[R 44][R 46]
Paris  France Paris Métro 1900[95] 2013 302[96] 214 km (133 mi)[95] 1526 (2014)[R 47][R Nb 8]
Rennes  France Rennes Metro 2002 15 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 29 (2013)[R 44][R 48]
Toulouse  France Toulouse Metro 1993[97] 2007[97][Nb 27] 37[97] 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[97] 110.7 (2013)[R 44][R 49]
Tbilisi  Georgia Tbilisi Metro 1966[98] 2000[99] 22[100] 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[100] 99 (2014)[R 5]
Berlin  Germany Berlin U-Bahn 1902 2009 173[101] 151.7 km (94.3 mi)[102] 517.4 (2014)[R 50]
Hamburg  Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 1912[103] 2012[Nb 28] 91[104] 104 km (65 mi)[104] 219.3 (2014)[R 51][R 52]
Munich  Germany Munich U-Bahn 1971[105] 2010[Nb 29] 96[105][Nb 30] 95 km (59 mi)[105] 390 (2014)[R 53]
Nuremberg  Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 2011[Nb 31] 46[106] 35 km (22 mi)[106] 130.2 (2014)[R 54]
Athens  Greece Athens Metro[Nb 32] 1904[107][Nb 33] 2013[Nb 34] 61 84.7 km (52.6 mi)[108] 493.8 (2013)[R 55]
Budapest  Hungary Budapest Metro 1896 2014[109] 52 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[109][110] 302.4 (2011)[R 56]
Bangalore  India Namma Metro 2011 2016[Nb 35] 30[111] 31.5 km (19.6 mi)[112] 15 (2013)[R 57][R 58]
Chennai  India Chennai Metro 2015[113] 7[113] 10 km (6.2 mi)[113] 9 (2015)[R 59][R Nb 9]
Delhi  India Delhi Metro 2002[114] 2015[115] 160[116][Nb 36] 213 km (132 mi)[116] 949 (2015*)[R 60]
Jaipur  India Jaipur Metro 2015[117] 9[118] 9.6 km (6.0 mi)[119] n/a
Gurgaon  India Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon 2013 6 5.1 km (3.2 mi) 12 (2014)[R 61]
Kolkata  India Kolkata Metro 1984 2013 24 28.1 km (17.5 mi) 237.25 (2013)[R 62]
Mumbai  India Mumbai Metro 2014 12[120] 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[120] 100 (2014)[R 63][R Nb 10]
Isfahan  Iran Isfahan Metro 2015[121] 10 11.2 km (7.0 mi)[122] n/a
Mashhad  Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 2011[123] 2016 24 24 km (15 mi) n/a
Shiraz  Iran Shiraz Metro 2014[124] 2015[Nb 37] 8[124] 10.5 km (6.5 mi)[124] n/a
Tabriz  Iran Tabriz Metro 2015[125] 6 7 km (4.3 mi) n/a
Tehran  Iran Tehran Metro[Nb 38] 2000[Nb 39] 2016[126][Nb 40] 85 127 km (79 mi) 670 (2015*)[R 64]
Brescia  Italy Brescia Metro 2013[127] 17[128] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[128] 16.1 (2015)[R 65]
Catania  Italy Catania Metro 1999[129] 6[130] 3.8 km (2.4 mi) 0.5 (2013)[R 66]
Genoa  Italy Genoa Metro 1990[131] 2012[131] 8[131] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[131] 11 (2012)[R 67]
Milan  Italy Milan Metro[132] 1964[132] 2015[132] 113[132] 101 km (63 mi)[132] 468.3 (2014)[R 68]
Naples  Italy Naples Metro[Nb 41] 1993 2013 22 20.2 km (12.6 mi)[133] 46 (2013)[R 69][R Nb 11]
Rome  Italy Rome Metro 1955 2015[Nb 42] 73[134][135] 60 km (37 mi)[134][135] 279 (2012)[R 70]
Turin  Italy Turin Metro 2006[136] 2011[136] 21[136] 13.2 km (8.2 mi)[136] 35.4 (2014)[R 71]
Fukuoka  Japan[Nb 43] Fukuoka City Subway 1981 2005 35 29.8 km (18.5 mi) 137.2 (2012*)[R 72][R Nb 12]
Hiroshima  Japan[Nb 43] Astram Line 1994 2015[137][Nb 44] 21 18.4 km (11.4 mi) 18.5 (2010)[R 73]
Kobe  Japan[Nb 43] Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway 1968 2001 10 7.6 km (4.7 mi) 121 (2008)[R 74][R Nb 12]
Kobe Municipal Subway 1977 2001 25 30.6 km (19.0 mi) 121 (2008)[R 74][R Nb 12]
Kyoto  Japan[Nb 43] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981 2008 31 31.2 km (19.4 mi) 125.5 (2008)[R 75][R Nb 12]
Nagoya  Japan[Nb 43] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957 2011 87[138] 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[138] 443.4 (2012*)[R 76][R Nb 12]
Osaka  Japan[Nb 43] Osaka Municipal Subway 1933 2006 123[139] 129.9 km (80.7 mi)[139] 940 (2014*)[R 77][R Nb 12]
Sapporo  Japan[Nb 43] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971 1999 46 48 km (30 mi) 210 (2008)[R 78][R Nb 12]
Sendai  Japan[Nb 43] Sendai Subway 1987 2015[140][Nb 45] 29 28.7 km (17.8 mi) 58.7 (2012*)[R 79][R Nb 12]
Tokyo  Japan[Nb 43] Toei Subway 1960 2000 106[141] 109 km (68 mi)[141] 914 (2014*)[R 80][R Nb 12]
Rinkai Line 1996 2002 8 12.2 km (7.6 mi) 72 (2011*)[R 81][R Nb 12]
Tokyo Metro 1927 2008 179[142] 195.1 km (121.2 mi)[142] 2497 (2014)[R 82][R Nb 12]
Yokohama  Japan[Nb 43] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972 2008 40 53.4 km (33.2 mi) 234.7 (2013)[R 83][R Nb 12]
Minatomirai Line 2004 2008 6 4.1 km (2.5 mi) 161 (2012*)[R 84][R Nb 12]
Almaty  Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 2011[143] 2015[143] 9 11.3 km (7.0 mi)[143] 6.9 (2014)[R 5][R 85]
Pyongyang  North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987[Nb 46] 17 22 km (14 mi) 36 (2009)[R 86]
Busan  South Korea Busan Metro 1985 2011[Nb 47] 93 130.2 km (80.9 mi) 325 (2014)[R 87][R 88][R 89]
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 2015[Nb 48] 58[144] 81.2 km (50.5 mi)[144] 133.9 (2014)[R 90][R 89]
Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 2007[Nb 49] 22 22.7 km (14.1 mi) 42 (2014)[R 89]
Gwangju  South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 2008[Nb 50] 20 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 18 (2014)[R 89]
Incheon  South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 2009 29[145] 29.4 km (18.3 mi)[145] 73 (2014)[R 91][R 89]
Seoul  South Korea Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9)[Nb 51][Nb 52] 1974[146] 2015[Nb 53] 256 331.5 km (206.0 mi)[citation needed] 2620 (2013)[R 92][R Nb 13][R Nb 14]
Korail metro lines[147][Nb 54][Nb 52] 1994 2013 75 124.6 km (77.4 mi) n/a
Shinbundang Line[Nb 52] (NeoTrans) 2011 2016 12 31 km (19 mi) n/a
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Rapid KL[Nb 55] 1996 2016[148] 81[149] 100.1 km (62.2 mi) 145 (2015)[R 93]
Mexico City  Mexico Mexico City Metro 1969[150] 2012[Nb 56] 195[151][Nb 57] 226.5 km (140.7 mi)[151] 1624 (2015)[R 94]
Monterrey  Mexico Monterrey Metro 1991[152] 2008[152] 31[153] 32 km (20 mi)[154] 175.1 (2014)[R 95]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Amsterdam Metro[Nb 58] 1977 2005 33[155] 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[156] 59.5 (2013)[R 96]
Rotterdam  Netherlands Rotterdam Metro[Nb 59] 1968 2010 62 78.3 km (48.7 mi) 86 (2015)[R 97]
Oslo  Norway Oslo Metro[Nb 60] 1966[Nb 61] 2006[Nb 62] 97 86 km (53 mi)[157] 88 (2014)[R 98]
Panama City  Panama Panama Metro 2014 2015[Nb 63] 12[158] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[159] 43.2 (2014)[R 99]
Lima  Peru Lima Metro 2011 2014[160] 26 34.6 km (21.5 mi)[160] 91 (2013)[R 100]
Manila  Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984[161] 2010[161] 31[162] 33.4 km (20.8 mi)[161][163] 243.6 (2014)[R 101]
Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 2000 13 16.9 km (10.5 mi)[164] 158.8 (2011)[R 102][R Nb 14]
Warsaw  Poland Warsaw Metro 1995 2015[165] 27 29 km (18 mi)[R 103] 147.7 (2014)[R 103]
Lisbon  Portugal Lisbon Metro 1959[166] 2012[166][Nb 64] 55[167] 43.2 km (26.8 mi)[167] 140.9 (2014)[R 104]
Bucharest  Romania Bucharest Metro 1979[168] 2011[168][Nb 65] 51[169] 69.3 km (43.1 mi)[169] 173.5 (2014)[R 105]
Kazan  Russia Kazan Metro[170] 2005 2013[171] 10[172] 15.8 km (9.8 mi)[172] 29.2 (2014)[R 5]
Moscow  Russia Moscow Metro[173][174] 1935 2016 200[174] 333.3 km (207.1 mi)[174] 2451 (2014)[R 5][R 106]
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 2012[175] 14[172] 18.8 km (11.7 mi)[172] 37.2 (2014)[R 5]
Novosibirsk  Russia Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010[176] 13[172] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[172] 87.7 (2014)[R 5][R 107]
Saint Petersburg  Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 2012[177] 67[172] 113.2 km (70.3 mi)[172] 763.1 (2014)[R 5]
Samara  Russia Samara Metro 1987[178] 2015[179] 10[179] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[178][179] 15.6 (2014)[R 5]
Yekaterinburg  Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 2012[180] 9[172] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[172] 51.9 (2014)[R 5]
Mecca  Saudi Arabia Mecca Metro 2010 9 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 4 (2011)[R 108][R Nb 15]
Singapore  Singapore Mass Rapid Transit[181] 1987 2015[Nb 66] 121 170.7 km (106.1 mi) 1008 (2014)[R 109]
Barcelona  Spain Barcelona Metro[Nb 67] 1924 2016 180[182] 146 km (91 mi) 416.2 (2014)[R 110][R Nb 16]
Bilbao  Spain Metro Bilbao 1995 2011 40[183] 43.3 km (26.9 mi)[183] 87.4 (2014)[R 111][R 110]
Madrid  Spain Madrid Metro[Nb 68] 1919[184] 2015[185] 301[185] 294 km (183 mi)[185][186] 569.7 (2015)[R 112][R 110]
Stockholm  Sweden Stockholm Metro 1950 1994[Nb 69] 100 105.7 km (65.7 mi) 330 (2015)[R 113]
Lausanne    Switzerland Lausanne Metro[Nb 70] 2008 2008 14 5.9 km (3.7 mi)[R 114] 28 (2014) [R 114][R Nb 17]
Kaohsiung  Taiwan Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37[187] 42.7 km (26.5 mi)[187] 61.3 (2014)[R 115]
Taipei  Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996 2015 117[188] 131.1 km (81.5 mi)[188] 717.5 (2015)[R 116]
Bangkok  Thailand BTS Skytrain 1999[189] 2013[189] 34[190] 36.5 km (22.7 mi)[190] 218.7 (2014*)[R 117]
Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004 2016[191] 34[191][192] 43 km (27 mi)[191][192] 92.4 (2014)[R 118]
Adana  Turkey Adana Metro 2009 2010 13[193] 13.9 km (8.6 mi)[193] 14 (2011)[R 119]
Ankara  Turkey Ankara Metro 1997 2014[Nb 71] 45[194] 55.1 km (34.2 mi)[194] 89.4 (2013)[R 120]
Bursa  Turkey Bursaray 2002 2014[Nb 72] 38[195] 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[195] 91.3 (2010)[R 121]
Istanbul  Turkey Istanbul Metro[Nb 73] 1989[196] 2015[197][Nb 74] 70[196] 90.5 km (56.2 mi)[196] 384.9 (2015)[R 122]
İzmir  Turkey İzmir Metro 2000 2014[198][Nb 75] 17[198] 20 km (12 mi)[198] 91.3 (2013)[R 123]
Dnipro  Ukraine Dnipro Metro 1995 6[199] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[199] 7.5 (2014)[R 5]
Kharkiv  Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 1975 2010 29[199] 37.6 km (23.4 mi)[199] 231.1 (2014)[R 5][R 124]
Kiev  Ukraine Kiev Metro 1960 2013 52[199] 67.6 km (42.0 mi)[199] 503.9 (2014)[R 5][R 125]
Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 2009 2012[Nb 76] 47 74.6 km (46.4 mi) 164.3 (2014)[R 126]
Glasgow  UK Glasgow Subway 1896[200] 15[200] 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[200] 12.8 (2013*)[R 127]
London  UK London Underground[201] 1890[2][Nb 77] 2008[2] 270[202] 402 km (250 mi)[202] 1340 (2015*)[R 128][R Nb 18]
Docklands Light Railway 1987[203] 2011 45[203] 34 km (21 mi) 117 (2015*)[R 128]
Atlanta  USA MARTA 1979[204] 2000[204] 38[205] 77 km (48 mi)[205] 71.5 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Baltimore  USA Baltimore Metro Subway 1983 1995 14[206] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[206] 14.6 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Boston  USA MBTA[Nb 78] 1901[207] 2014[208] 51[209] 61 km (38 mi)[209] 174.8 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Chicago  USA Chicago 'L' 1897[210][Nb 79] 2015[211][Nb 80] 145[R 129] 165.4 km (102.8 mi)[212][Nb 81] 238.1 (2014)[R 130]
Cleveland  USA RTA Rapid Transit: Red Line 1955[213] 1968[213] 18[214] 31 km (19 mi)[214] 6.2 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Los Angeles  USA Metro Rail[Nb 82] 1993[215] 2000[215][Nb 83] 16[215] 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[215] 48.7 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2][R Nb 19]
Miami  USA Metrorail 1984[216] 2012 23[217] 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[217] 21.7 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
New York City  USA New York City Subway 1904[218][Nb 84] 2015[219] 422[218][Nb 85] 375 km (233 mi)[220] 1763 (2015)[R 131]
Staten Island Railway 1925[Nb 86] 22[218][221] 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[220] 7.2 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Port Authority Trans-Hudson 1908[222] 1911[Nb 87] 13[223] 22.2 km (13.8 mi)[224] 73.6 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Philadelphia  USA SEPTA[225][Nb 88] 1907 1973 75[225] 59.1 km (36.7 mi)[226][227] 96.5 (2014*)[R 132][R Nb 20]
PATCO Speedline 1936[228][Nb 89] 1969 13[228] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[228] 10 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
San Francisco  USA Bay Area Rapid Transit 1972[229] 2003 44[229] 167 km (104 mi)[229] 126 (2015*)[R 133]
San Juan,
Puerto Rico
 USA Tren Urbano 2004 2005 16 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 10.1 (2014)[R 15][R Nb 2]
Washington, D.C.  USA Washington Metro 1976[230] 2014[231] 91[230] 188 km (117 mi)[230] 261 (2015)[R 134]
Tashkent  Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 1977 2001[Nb 90] 29[199] 36.2 km (22.5 mi)[199] 54 (2014)[R 5]
Caracas  Venezuela Caracas Metro[Nb 91] 1983[232] 2015[Nb 92] 49[233] 63.6 km (39.5 mi)[232] 495 (2014)[R 135]
Table notes

^* Indicates ridership figures based on the fiscal year rather than the calendar year.

Metro systems under construction[edit]

The following is a list of new worldwide metro systems that are currently actively under (heavy) construction. Note that in some cases it is not clear (mainly due to lack of information), if the system will be considered a full metro system once it begins operational service. Only cities which currently do not have metro systems in operation should be included.

Location Country Name Start of construction Planned opening
Sydney  Australia Sydney Metro[UC 1][UC 2][UC 3] 2014[UC 2][UC 4] 2019[UC 2][UC 3][UC 5][UC 6]
Changchun  China Changchun Rail Transit 2011 2016
Changzhou  China Changzhou Metro[UC 7] 2014[UC 7] 2019[UC 7]
Guiyang  China Guiyang Urban Rail Transit 2013 2017
Hefei  China Hefei Metro[UC 8] 2009 2016
Jinan  China Jinan Metro 2013 2018
Lanzhou  China Lanzhou Metro[UC 9] 2014[UC 9] 2017[UC 9]
Macau  China Macau Light Rail Transit 2012 2019
Shijiazhuang  China Shijiazhuang Metro 2012 2017
Taiyuan  China Taiyuan Metro[UC 10] 2013[UC 10] 2018[UC 10]
Xiamen  China Xiamen Metro[UC 11] 2013[UC 11] 2017[UC 11]
Xuzhou  China Xuzhou Metro[UC 12][UC 13] 2014[UC 12] 2017[UC 12]
Ürümqi  China Ürümqi Metro[UC 14] 2014[UC 14] 2019[UC 14]
Quito  Ecuador Quito Metro[UC 15] 2012[UC 15][UC 16] 2019[UC 17]
Thessaloniki  Greece Thessaloniki Metro 2006[UC 18] 2020[UC 19]
Gandhinagar
Ahmedabad
 India MetroLink Express Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad 2015[UC 20] 2018[UC 20]
Chandigarh  India Chandigarh Metro[UC 21] 2015 2018
Hyderabad  India Hyderabad Metro Rail[UC 22] 2012[UC 22] 2016[UC 23]
Kochi  India Kochi Metro[UC 24] 2014[UC Nb 1] 2016[UC 24]
Lucknow  India Lucknow Metro 2014[UC 28][UC 29] 2017
Navi Mumbai  India Navi Mumbai Metro[UC 30] 2011 2017[UC 30]
Nagpur  India Nagpur Metro[UC 31] 2015[UC 31] 2018
Noida
Greater Noida
 India Noida-Greater Noida Metro[UC 32] 2015[UC 32] 2017
Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit[UC 33][UC 34] 2013[UC 33][UC 34] 2018[UC 33][UC 34]
Ahvaz  Iran Ahvaz Metro (fa) 2004 2016
Karaj  Iran Karaj Metro (fa) 2006[UC 35] 2017[UC 36]
Kermanshah  Iran Kermanshah Metro (fa) 2011 2022[UC 37]
Qom  Iran Qom Metro (fa)[UC 38] 2009 2017[UC 38]
Lahore  Pakistan Lahore Metro 2015[UC 39] 2017
Doha  Qatar Doha Metro[UC 40] 2012[UC 40] 2019[UC 40]
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Metro[UC 41] 2014[UC 41] 2019[UC 41]
Taichung  Taiwan Taichung Mass Rail Transit System[UC 42][UC 43] 2009[UC 42] 2017[UC 42][UC 43]
Taoyuan  Taiwan Taoyuan Metro[UC 44] 2006[UC 44] 2016
Hanoi  Vietnam Hanoi Metro[UC 45][UC 46] 2010[UC 45] 2018[UC 45][UC 46]
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Metro[UC 47][UC 46] 2010[UC 47] 2020[UC 47]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

System notes[edit]

  1. ^ Line H of the Buenos Aires Underground had its last expansions in December 2015.
  2. ^ Line 3 opens on April 19, 2016
  3. ^ The Moskovskaya Line extended to Malinovka in 2014.
  4. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  5. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  6. ^ Extension of northernmost terminus to Novo Hamburgo in 2013.
  7. ^ Most recent expansion of Line 4.
  8. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  9. ^ See Sheppard line
  10. ^ See Canada Line
  11. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on October 1, 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on January 15, 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on December 27, 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on September 15, 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  12. ^ As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation in the Beijing Subway is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February 15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though through-train service have effectively transformed the two lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
  13. ^ First line of FMetro serves two cities - Foshan and Guangzhou
  14. ^ The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
  15. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
  16. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  17. ^ West Island Line extension.
  18. ^ Kunming's Line 1.
  19. ^ Line 3, Nanjing Metro
  20. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  21. ^ Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
  22. ^ Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
  23. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  24. ^ Line A was extended in April 2015.
  25. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014.
  26. ^ Extension of Lyon Metro's Line B to Oullins Gare station in December 2013.
  27. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro's Line B.
  28. ^ Opening of Line U4.
  29. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  30. ^ The official source states there are 100 stations in Munich U-Bahn system, but notes that four connecting/transfer stations have been counted twice; thus, there are 96 stations counting all stations once.
  31. ^ The U3 extension from Maxfeld to Friedrich-Ebert-Platz.
  32. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.
    "Homepage - The Company - Historic Data - Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
    Schwandl, Robert. "Athina". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  33. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.
    "Homepage - The Company - Historic Data - Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  34. ^ Line 3 extended west to Agia Marina on 14 December 2013.
  35. ^ Opening of UG2 of the Purple Line in May 2015.
  36. ^ The Delhi Metro's six lines serve 148 stations, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if counting interchange stations only once, as of June 2015.
  37. ^ Shahed station opens
  38. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here - only metro Lines 1–4 are.
  39. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  40. ^ Station opening on line 3
  41. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  42. ^ Extension of Line C to Lodi.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  44. ^ Shin-Hakushima station opens
  45. ^ Tōzai Line opens
  46. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  47. ^ Line 4 and Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
  48. ^ Daegu Metro Line 3 opened in 2015.
  49. ^ Second phase of line 1
  50. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  51. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by three different operators – Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT), and Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation. But because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, they are counted together here in the table as one system.
  52. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 468.9 km (291.4 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 377 stations.
  53. ^ Seoul Subway Line 9 extension opened in March 2015.
  54. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9 km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Islan Line: 19.2 km, 9 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line: 11.8 km, 8 stations; and Ansan Line: 27.6 km, 14 stations), and the Suin Line (non-Ansan portion) (13.1 km, 8 stations).
  55. ^ Statistics presented include Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line only; KL Monorail Line not included.
  56. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  57. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of the number of the stations for all lines is 195.
  58. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. The figures provided exclude the portion of the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) that operates as light rail.
  59. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A and B) have some level crossings (with priority) and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
  60. ^ These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  61. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  62. ^ Opening of the completed Ring line in 2006.
  63. ^ El Ingenio station opens
  64. ^ The Red Line was expanded to the airport in 2012.
  65. ^ Line M4 extended to Parc Bazilescu in 2011.
  66. ^ Marina South Pier was added onto the southern end of the North South Line in 2014.
  67. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metro-standards lines.
  68. ^ Including MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  69. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  70. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  71. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
  72. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  73. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1–M4 and M6, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either Tram or Commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  74. ^ Opening of Line M6 (Levent–Hisarüstü).
  75. ^ Extension to Fahrettin Altay.
  76. ^ The Red Line was completed in 2012.
  77. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  78. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  79. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  80. ^ Cermak–McCormick Place station opens
  81. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21. ): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  82. ^ Rapid transit portion of L.A. Metro Rail only: Red and Purple lines. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are Light rail, and are not included here.
  83. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  84. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  85. ^ The total number of stations is 469, but with transfer stations counted only once, the number is 422 (including the temporarily closed Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center station).
  86. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  87. ^ Manhattan Transfer and Park Place stations opened in 1911, though these stations were closed and replaced with Harrison and Newark stations, respectively, in 1937.
  88. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  89. ^ The opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969.
  90. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001
  91. ^ Statistics presented here for the Caracas Metro include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  92. ^ Bello Monte station opens – Inauguración de la estación Bello Monte beneficiará a más de 30.000 personas diarias.

Ridership notes[edit]

  1. ^ This ridership figure includes the Premetro (Line E2) ridership in the total.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  3. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Line 3 Scarborough (RT) line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  4. ^ Counted in with Guangzhou's ridership figures.
  5. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1, only.
  6. ^ Note that:
    1) Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year
    2) The ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary".
    3) "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.
  7. ^ Figure extrapolated from 3.6 million average daily boardings
  8. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER (1211 million), Transilien (1095 million), and the Tramways (223 million).
  9. ^ Figure extrapolated from 750 thousand passengers over the first month of operation.
  10. ^ Figure extrapolated from 50 million passengers over the first 6 months of operation.
  11. ^ Including 4 Funicular lines
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  13. ^ Seoul Subway Lines 1 to 9: 2,620 million (2013) (Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics) This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes SMRT, Seoul Metro, and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Many other lines such as the Shinbundang Line function as separate systems within the greater Seoul urban rail network and are excluded (often due to unavailable data). In addition Korail commuter lines carry 1,027 million passengers annually (2012) (Korail)), AREX, as well as
  14. ^ a b Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  15. ^ Note: Operated during Hajj only.
  16. ^ Figures obtained adding 40.5 passengers of FGC and 375.7 passengers of TMB
  17. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded from this figure.
  18. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (117 million), London Overground (184 million), London Tramlink (27 million), or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  19. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, the Red and Purple Lines, only.
  20. ^ Ridership figures for Broad Street Line, Market–Frankford Line, and Norristown High Speed Line (the heavy rail lines) only.

Under construction notes[edit]

  1. ^ Construction was launched in 2013 [UC 25][UC 26] but the first support structures were not installed until 2014.[UC 27]

References[edit]

System references[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics Brief World Metro Figures" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). October 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d "A brief history of the Underground - London Underground milestones". Transport for London. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  3. ^ "The Metro: an opportunity for sustainable development in large cities" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). November 2003. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  4. ^ a b c "What is the largest metro system in the world?". CityMetric. 5 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486" (PDF). UITP (L'Union internationale des transports publics/International Association of Public Transport). 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  6. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary - Mode of Service Definitions". American Public Transportation Association. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration. October 18, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  9. ^ "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (pdf). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  10. ^ a b "Alger metro extends". Railway Gazette International. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  11. ^ a b Schwandl, Robert. "Algiers . Al Jaza'Ir". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  12. ^ a b "Nuestra compañía - ¿Qué hacemos?" [Our Company - What We Do] (in Spanish). Metrovias. Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  13. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-04. 
  14. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  15. ^ a b c d "2014 Zahlen, Daten, Fakten - Unternehmen" [Company Profile - Figures, Data, Facts] (pdf) (in German). Wiener Linien. April 2015. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  16. ^ a b c "Baku Metro - History". Bakı Metropoliteni. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  17. ^ a b История развития метрополитена [History of the metro]. Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. 2014. Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  18. ^ Метро сегодня [Metro today] (in Russian). Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. 2014. Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  19. ^ "STIB - Historique de la STIB de 1970 à 1979" [STIB - History of STIB from 1970 to 1979] (in French). STIB. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  20. ^ "Activity Report 2011 - Figures & statistics '11" (pdf). STIB/MIVB. p. 08. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  21. ^ a b "Empresa - História" [Company - History] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  22. ^ "Operação - Linha em operação" [Operations - Line in operation] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  23. ^ "Operação - Dados operacionais" [Operations - Operational data] (in Portuguese). CBTU - METRÔ BH. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  24. ^ a b "Sobre o metro - Memória" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal - Metrô. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  25. ^ a b "Sobre o metro - Estrutura" (in Portuguese). Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal - Metrô. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  26. ^ a b "Empresa" [Company] (in Portuguese). CBTU-STU Recife. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  27. ^ a b "Características - Características Técnicas E Operacionais Do Metrô" [Characteristics - Technical and Operational Characteristics of Metro] (in Portuguese). CBTU-STU Recife. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  28. ^ "DATA DE INAUGURAÇÃO DE CADA ESTAÇÃO" [DATE OF INAUGURATION OF EACH STATION] (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  29. ^ Hearst, Chesney (17 March 2014). "New Tijuca Metro Station Opened in Rio: Daily - Rio de Janeiro's Zona Norte neighborhood of Tijuca has a new subway (metro) station; the Estação Uruguai". The Rio Times. Retrieved 2014-08-27. 
  30. ^ a b "METRÔ RIO - Concessão Metroviára Do Rio De Janeiro S/A" [METRÔ RIO - Concession Metroviára Of Rio De Janeiro S/A] (pdf) (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  31. ^ Barrow, Keith (11 June 2014). "Salvador metro opens in time for World Cup". International Railway Journal (Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc.). Retrieved 2015-04-26. 
  32. ^ a b Smith, Kevin (23 December 2015). "Salvador finally opens original Line 1". International Railway Journal (Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc.). Retrieved 2015-12-24. 
  33. ^ a b "Metrô - Home - The Company - About". Companhia Do Metropolitano De São Paulo. 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
  34. ^ Pinho, Márcio (15 November 2014). "Estação Fradique Coutinho abre e já muda região de Pinheiros (In Portuguese) Fradique Coutinho station opens and already transforms Pinheiros region". www.estadao.com.br/. O Estado de S.Paulo. Retrieved 2014-11-17. 
  35. ^ "General Info about Sofia Metro". MetroSofia.com. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  36. ^ a b c "Sofia subway launches 1.3 km section with one station". See News. 20 July 2016. 
  37. ^ "Métro - Useful info - Networks - Métro". 2002. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  38. ^ "TTC - Subway/RT". Toronto Transit Commission. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  39. ^ a b c d "2013 - TTC Operating Statistics". 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  40. ^ "The Buzzer - 2011-01-14". TransLink. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  41. ^ a b "State of Good Repair". TransLink. March 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  42. ^ "Corporativa - Historia - Historia de Metro" [Corporate - History - History of Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  43. ^ a b "Guía del Viajero" [Plan Your Journey] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  44. ^ 北京4条新地铁线今日开通 无仪式及领导讲话 (in Chinese). 新京报. 30 December 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  45. ^ 北京地铁4条新线每日至少跑17小时 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  46. ^ a b 北京2条地铁新线今开通 昌平新城居民进城40分钟 (in Chinese). 新华网. Retrieved 2015-12-26. 
  47. ^ "Beijing Subway Map - Beijing Subway Route and Timetable". beijingchina.net.cn. 
  48. ^ "Changsha metro opens". Railway Gazette International. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
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Ridership references[edit]

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  2. ^ "Estadísticas del Transporte Ferroviario". cnrt.gob.ar. 
  3. ^ http://www.cnrt.gob.ar/sites/default/files/FFCC%20Pax%20Metrop%2015-07.xls (xls)
  4. ^ "Informe de Gestíon 2013 Subte" [Management Report 2013 Underground] (in Spanish). Metrovias. p. 6. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Основные технико-эксплуатационные характеристики метрополитенов за 2014 год [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways in Year 2014.] (pdf). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2014. p. 2. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
  6. ^ "Facts and Figures 2014" (PDF). Wiener Linien. 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-30.  p. 4
  7. ^ a b Метро сегодня [Metro today] (in Russian). Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. 2014. Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  8. ^ STIB, Key figures. STIB 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  9. ^ a b "RELATÓRIO DE GESTÃO Exercício de 2014" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Companhia Brasileira de Trens Urbanos (CBTU). pp. 125–126. 
  10. ^ Metrô DF – Companhia do Metropolitano do Distrito Federal. Associação Nacional dos Transportadores de Passageiros sobre Trilhos. Retrieved 2014-06-14
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  12. ^ "METRÔ RIO - RELATÓRIO DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO EM 31 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2012" [METRÔ RIO - MANAGEMENT REPORT OF 31 DECEMBER 2014] (pdf) (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 2015-10-06. 
  13. ^ a b "Metrô - Home - The Company - About". Companhia Do Metropolitano De São Paulo. 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-01. 
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  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Transit Ridership Report Fourth Quarter and End-of-Year 2014" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). 3 March 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-03 – via http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/ridershipreport.aspx. 
  16. ^ "Memoria Anual 2014" [2014 Annual Report] (pdf) (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. p. 17. Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  17. ^ 北京市统计局 国家统计局北京调查总队 (2016-02-15). "北京市2015年暨"十二五"时期国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Retrieved 2016-02-16. 
  18. ^ "成都:2012年成都地铁全年累计载客过亿人次". 成都地铁 (in Chinese). 8 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  19. ^ "2015,你还有一份新鲜出炉的答卷未领取" (in Chinese). 29 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "[议案之一]轨道交通不载客试运行三个月". runsky.com. 
  21. ^ "去年广州地铁运客22.8亿人次" [Last year, the Guangzhou metro transported 2.4 billion passengers] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Corporation. 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  22. ^ a b "Investor's Information > Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation. Retrieved 2016-02-20. 
  23. ^ http://www.mtr.com.hk/en/corporate/images/investor/2014frpt/E109.pdf
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  26. ^ "2015年宁波市国民经济和社会发展统计公报". gtog.ningbo.gov.cn. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  27. ^ 2015年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Shanghai Municipal Government. 2016-03-01. 
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  29. ^ "2015年12月交通运输运营指标统计月报". Shenzhen Government. 2016-01-19. 
  30. ^ "2015年苏州地铁客运量达1.36亿人次 上涨近两成" (in Chinese). yangtse.com. 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2016-02-21. 
  31. ^ "2015年天津市国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  32. ^ "武汉地铁"微笑大使"评选揭晓冠军识别纸币有绝活". Xinhua (in Chinese). 2016-01-18. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  33. ^ "西安地铁蝉联省安全生产先进单位 - 西安地铁官方网站". www.xametro.gov.cn. Retrieved 2016-02-13. 
  34. ^ "河南省人民政府门户网站 2015年全年郑州地铁1号线运客超8000万人次". www.henan.gov.cn. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  35. ^ Transporte Urbano de Pasajeros – II Trimestre de 2014 (pdf). p.17
  36. ^ Transporte Urbano de Pasajeros – III Trimestre de 2014 (pdf). p.17
  37. ^ Transporte Urbano de Pasajeros – IV Trimestre de 2014 (pdf). p.19
  38. ^ Transporte Urbano de Pasajeros – I Trimestre de 2015 (pdf). p.19
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  40. ^ "Metroen i tal" [Metro figures] (in Danish). Metroselskabet. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  41. ^ "Informe de Evolución de la Demanda, Diciembre 2015" [Demand Evolution Report, December 2015] (pdf). opret.gob.do (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). 2016-01-07. p. 7. Retrieved 2016-02-15 – via http://opret.gob.do/Transparencia/Estadisticas.aspx. 
  42. ^ "A look at the Cairo metro system". The National. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  43. ^ "Metroliikenne". Helsingin kaupunki. 
  44. ^ a b c d e "Rapport annuel sur le parc, le trafic et les événements d'exploitation des métros et du RER (hors RFN) 2013" (pdf). p. 5. Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  45. ^ "Les chiffres de fréquentation Transpole 2011". lilletransport.com. 
  46. ^ "Fiche d'identité de l'Entreprise - LE TRANSPORT AU COEUR DE NOTRE MISSION : Un Réseau Intégré" [ID card of the company - TRANSPORT AT THE HEART OF OUR MISSION: An Integrated Network]. rtm.fr (in French). Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  47. ^ "STIF, Rapport d'activité 2014" (pdf). p. 27. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  48. ^ "10 ans déjà : " Le métro, c'était l'affaire de tous "" [Already 10 years: 'The metro was everyone's business']. Ouest France.fr (in French). 15 March 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  49. ^ "Toulouse Métropole en chiffres 2013" [Toulouse Métropole in figures 2013] (pdf) (in French). Toulouse Métropole. 2013. p. 86. Retrieved 2014-06-17 – via http://www.toulouse-metropole.fr/collectivite/en-chiffres). 
  50. ^ "Zahlenspiegel 2015" [Statistics 2015] (pdf). BVG.de (in German). Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG). 31 December 2014. p. 2. Retrieved 2015-11-08. 
  51. ^ "Die HOCHBAHN auf einen Blick" [A View of the U-Bahn] (in German). Hamburger Hochbahn. 2013. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  52. ^ Unternehmensbericht 2014 p.7
  53. ^ "Fahrgastrekord: MVG warnt vor Kollaps". www.merkur.de. 
  54. ^ Verbundbericht 2014 p.45
  55. ^ AttikoMetro Inside. Ametro.gr. Retrieved on 2014-03-12.
  56. ^ Annual Report2011 p.4
  57. ^ "Byappanahalli-M.G. Road metro stretch more popular". The Hindu. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  58. ^ "Joyrides in Bangalore Metro are over". DNA India. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  59. ^ "Metro Rail is still a source of wonder". The Hindu. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  60. ^ "Ridership report". Hindustan Times. 2015-10-07. 
  61. ^ "Report reliance s versova andheri mumbai metro won't come under rti". DNA India. 
  62. ^ Kolkata Metro ridership April-December sets new record. TwoCircles.net (26 January 2013). Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
  63. ^ Mehta, Manthan K (12 December 2014). "5 crore travelled on Metro in six months". The Times of India (Mumbai). Retrieved 2014-12-29. 
  64. ^ "1393-Statistics and Information-City and Municipality of Tehran/Year 2014-Indicators of Tehran Municipality-Transportation and Traffic(page 247)(Line 5 excluded)". tehran.ir (in Persian). Tehran Municipality. 2015. 
  65. ^ "Trasporto pubblico locale" (in Italian). comune.brescia.it. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  66. ^ "Carta dei Servizi - Ferrovia Circumetnea" (PDF) (in Italian). Ferrovia Circumetnea. November 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  67. ^ http://www.amt.genova.it/orari/metropolitana.asp
  68. ^ di ILARIA CARRA. "Atm, un piano da 524 milioni per 500mila passeggeri un più - Milano - Repubblica.it". Milano - La Repubblica. 
  69. ^ http://www.anm.it/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1620&Itemid=198
  70. ^ "Trasporto pubblico" [Public transport] (in Italian). ATAC. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  71. ^ http://www.lastampa.it/2015/12/01/cronaca/un-milione-di-passeggeri-in-pi-in-metro-arrivano-i-vigilantes-tDHNU8V3PAQ2MOqby4PWtO/pagina.html?zanpid=2106700083273040896
  72. ^ 経営状況
  73. ^ ja:広島高速交通広島新交通1号線#利用状況
  74. ^ a b Michael Rohde (5 September 2010). "Kobe - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  75. ^ Michael Rohde. "Kyoto - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  76. ^ "平成26年度の決算について|決算概要|交通局について|名古屋市交通局". city.nagoya.jp. 
  77. ^ 交通局の予算・決算について [For budget and balance sheet of Transportation Bureau] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Retrieved 2016-03-13.  Annual ridership figure calculated from the 2.576 million passenger daily average quoted.
  78. ^ Michael Rohde (5 September 2010). "Sapporo - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  79. ^ 仙台市地下鉄 駅別乗車人員の推移
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  81. ^ 東京臨海高速鉄道㈱: 平成23年度決算の概要
  82. ^ 営業状況 [Business Conditions] (in Japanese). 東京地下鉄株式会社 [Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd.] Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  83. ^ Michael Rohde (5 September 2010). "Yokohama - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  84. ^ "よくあるご質問". 横浜高速鉄道株式会社. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  85. ^ "Достигнут тринадцати миллионный рубеж" [Reached thirteen million mark]. metroalmaty.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  86. ^ Michael Rohde. "Pyongyang - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  87. ^ 부산-김해경전철 승객 증가세…작년 대비 11.4%↑ : 네이버 뉴스. News.naver.com (26 December 2012). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  88. ^ 부산교통공사 - 공사소식 - 뉴스룸 - 보도자료. Humetro.busan.kr. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  89. ^ a b c d e http://www.index.go.kr/egams/stts/jsp/potal/stts/PO_STTS_IdxMain.jsp?idx_cd=1259&bbs=INDX_001
  90. ^ Company Information > Operation System - Transportation Revenue: Annual Transportation Revenue Status Dtro.or.kr. Retrieved on 2015-10-10.
  91. ^ "인천 지하철 지난해 9860만명 탔다 ". 인천일보. 
  92. ^ "통계 설명: 1일 지하철이용객". Seoul.go.kr (Seoul Government). 
  93. ^ "JADUAL 2.9 : BILANGAN PENUMPANG BAGI PERKHIDMATAN SISTEM ALIRAN RINGAN, SUKU KEEMPAT, 2015" [Table 2.9 : Number of Passengers for Light Rail Transit (LRT) Services, Fourth Quarter, 2015] (PDF) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  94. ^ "Afluencia de Estación por Línea" [Station Inflows by Line] (in Spanish). Metro de la Ciudad de Mexico. 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-07.  Annual total from the sum of the four Quarterly totals listed.
  95. ^ "Banco de Información Económica - Instituto Nactional De Estadística Y Geografía - Comunicaciones y transportes - Principales características del sistema de transporte colectivo metrorrey - Pasajeros transportados". Instituto Nactional De Estadística Y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  96. ^ "2013 Jaarverslag" [2013 Annual Report] (pdf) (in Dutch). GVB Holding NV. 12 March 2014. p. 40. Retrieved 2014-12-14. 
  97. ^ "RET Jaarverslag 2015" [RET Annual Report 2015] (in Dutch). RET. Retrieved 2016-06-24. 
  98. ^ Annual Report 2014 (pdf), p.21
  99. ^ "Datos de la demanda y otros datos de explotación" [Demand data and other operating data] (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-09. 
  100. ^ "Lima Metro a Metro". caretas.com.pe. 
  101. ^ http://www.lrta.gov.ph/index.php/2014-05-21-01-05-51/2014-05-22-02-12-18/2014-05-22-02-16-47
  102. ^ "Ridership & Revenue Reports - MRT Line 3 - Yellow Line". Dotcmrt3.weebly.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  103. ^ a b "Raport roczny 2014" [Annual Report 2014] (pdf) (in Polish). 2014. p. 7. Retrieved 2015-09-15. 
  104. ^ "Procura do Metro" (in Portuguese). Metropolitano de Lisboa, E.P.E. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-15. 
  105. ^ "Topul stațiilor de metrou din București, după numărul de călători.... - B365". B365. 
  106. ^ Метрополитен в цифрах [Metro at a Glance] (in Russian). Moskovsky Metropoliten. Retrieved 2016-01-18. 
  107. ^ "Новосибирский метрополитен". nsk-metro.ru. 
  108. ^ Makkah Metro Train operation Hajj season 1432H (2011 G)
  109. ^ Public Transport Ridership Annual ridership figure calculated from the 2.762 million passenger daily average quoted.
  110. ^ a b c "Estadística de Transporte de Viajeros" [Passenger Transport Statistics]. Ine.es (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística [National Statistics Institute]. Retrieved 2015-11-30. 
  111. ^ "2014 Memoria" (PDF) (in Spanish). Metro Bilbao. p. 29. 
  112. ^ "Metro de Madrid in figures - Metro de Madrid". Metro de Madrid. 
  113. ^ http://www.mtr.com.hk/en/corporate/investor/patronage.php
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  115. ^ "統計資料". Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corporation. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  116. ^ "Ridership Counts". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. March 11, 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-04. 
  117. ^ Investor Relations Quarterly Review: Issue 20 (For the year ended 31 Mar 2015), p.7
  118. ^ Bangkok Metro Public Corporation Annual Report 2014, p.18
  119. ^ Ray Turk
  120. ^ "Rayli si̇stem i̇şletmeleri̇ 2013 yili yolcu sayilari" [Passenger rail system numbers year 2013] (pdf) (in Turkish). EGO Genel Müdürlüğüne [General Directorate of EGO]. April 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  121. ^ Bursa Büyükşehir Belediyesi Basın Koordinasyon Merkezi. "ÜNİVERSİTE ETABINDA SEFERLER BAŞLIYOR". bursa.bel.tr. 
  122. ^ "İstanbul’da raylı sistemle yarım milyar yolcu taşındı" [Half a million passengers were transported by rail system in Istanbul] (in Turkish). 27 January 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  123. ^ "Izmir". www.egedesonsoz.com. 
  124. ^ Пасажирські перевезення (щомісячна інформація). Kh.ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved on 2015-09-23.
  125. ^ Відправлення (перевезення) вантажів за видами транспорту (in Ukrainian). Gorstat.kiev.ua. Retrieved on 2015-10-01.
  126. ^ "Revealed: How many passengers used Dubai Metro in 2014". b2.mk. 
  127. ^ "Annual Report 2013/2014" (pdf). Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT). p. 15. 
  128. ^ a b "Facts & Figures". Transport for London. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  129. ^ "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  130. ^ [1] p.6
  131. ^ "Annual Subway Ridership". MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  132. ^ "SEPTA Operating Facts Fiscal Year 2014" (pdf). SEPTA. 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-04-03. 
  133. ^ "Total Annual Exits FY1973 - FY2015" (XLS). BART.gov. San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. 2015. Retrieved 2016-02-20 – via http://www.bart.gov/about/reports/. 
  134. ^ http://www.wmata.com/about_metro/docs/Metro%20Facts%202015.pdf
  135. ^ "» Más de 400 millones de usuarios trasladó Metro de Caracas en el 2014MppTTOP". mtt.gob.ve. 

Under construction system references[edit]

  1. ^ "Sydney Metro Northwest". Transport for NSW. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  2. ^ a b c Carter, Mark (19 November 2014). "NWRL: Connecting Sydney's suburbs". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Sydney automated metro operator selected". Railway Gazette International. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  4. ^ "Tunnelling starts on Sydney's North West Rail Link". Railway Gazette International. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  5. ^ "Project overview". North West Rail Link. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  6. ^ "Sydney Rapid Transit - Fact sheet, June 2014" (PDF). Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  7. ^ a b c 常州地铁1号线正式开建 2019年试运行 [Construction for Line 1 of Changzhou Metro begins, operation to start in 2019]. Yangtse Evening Post (in Chinese). 29 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Hefei and Hangzhou order metro trains". Railway Gazette International. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  9. ^ a b c "Lanzhou metro construction begins". Railway Gazette International. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  10. ^ a b c 太原地铁2号线开工 预计2018年建成 [Construction for Line 2 of Taiyuan Metro begins, expected to be completed in 2018]. Xinhua (in Chinese). 3 November 2013. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c "China's Xiamen begins subway construction". China Daily. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  12. ^ a b c "Urban rail news in brief - April 2014". Railway Gazette International. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  13. ^ 网易. "徐州轨道交通1号线试验段开工". 163.com. 
  14. ^ a b c "Urumqi metro construction begins". Railway Gazette International. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  15. ^ a b "Funding approved for Quito metro". Railway Gazette International. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  16. ^ Briginshaw, David (11 April 2013). "Quito invites bids to equip first metro line". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  17. ^ "A mediados del 2019 se prevé estar listo el Metro de Quito". adiosucre.com.ec (in Spanish). October 28, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Construction of Thessaloniki Metro". Attiko Metro SA. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  19. ^ "Μετρό Θεσσαλονίκης: Χαμόγελα στα εργοτάξια μετά από χρόνια" (in gr). 2 March 2016. 
  20. ^ a b India (5 February 2015). "Mumbai-based firm wins bid for Ahmedabad metro construction". The Indian Express. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  21. ^ "Chandigarh Metro Project". Chandigarh Metro. 
  22. ^ a b "CBTC trials begin in Hyderabad". Railway Gazette International. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  23. ^ B Dasarath Reddy (August 21, 2015). "No stops for L&T's Hyderabad Metro Rail work". Business Standard News. 
  24. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (23 July 2013). "DMRC issues tender for Kochi metro trains". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  25. ^ "Metro Rail work to kickstart in style". The New Indian Express. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  26. ^ "Green signal awaited for metro extensions". The Hindu. 8 June 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  27. ^ "First U-shaped Concrete Girder of Metro Rail Project Installed in Aluva". The New Indian Express. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  28. ^ "Lucknow Metro construction begins, Akhilesh fulfils promise to father". The Times of India. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  29. ^ "Metro construction to hinder traffic on Kanpur Rd". The Times of India. 
  30. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (12 September 2014). "Navi Mumbai orders CSR metro trains". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  31. ^ a b "Work begins on Nagpur Metro". Indian Express. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  32. ^ a b Keelor, Vandana (March 5, 2016). "Noida Metro company to hold its Board meeting on March 10 in Lucknow". Times of India. 
  33. ^ a b c "Work starts on Jakarta metro". Railway Gazette International. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  34. ^ a b c Briginshaw, David (11 October 2013). "Jakarta governor launches city's first metro project". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  35. ^ "باشگاه خبرنگاران جوان گزارش می‌دهد؛ قطار شهری کرج و رویای افتتاح/پروژه‌ای که 10 ساله شد و به ایستگاه پایانی نرسید". 28 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  36. ^ مرکز خبر البرز-افتتاح دو ایستگاه مترو کرج تا 15 ماه آینده
  37. ^ ایسنا-پول باشد، قطار شهری کرمانشاه سال 1401 افتتاح می‌شود
  38. ^ a b http://www7.irna.ir/fa/News/82109490/
  39. ^ "LAHORE ORANGE LINE METRO TRAIN PROJECT – PACKAGE-1 CIVIL & ALLIED WORKS FROM DERA GUJJRAN TO CHAUBURJI 13.6 KM". Habib Construction Services. 
  40. ^ a b c "Qatar breaks ground on Doha metro". Railway Gazette. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  41. ^ a b c "Groundbreaking ceremony launches construction of Riyadh metro". Railway Gazette International. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  42. ^ a b c "Taichung awards turnkey metro contract". Railway Gazette International. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  43. ^ a b Smith, Glenn (20 April 2012). "Taiwan: transit in transition". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  44. ^ a b Smith, Kevin (6 February 2014). "Construction to start on extension of delayed Taipei airport link". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  45. ^ a b c "EIB supports Hanoi metro". Railway Gazette International. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  46. ^ a b c Hosomi, Akira (20 April 2012). "Vietnam's first metro projects take shape". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 
  47. ^ a b c "Ho Chi Minh City selects underground contractors". Railway Gazette International. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-11. 

General sources[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Vuchic, Vukan R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-75823-5. 
  • Ovenden, Mark (2005). Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-288-7. 
  • Hinkel, W.; Treiber, K.; Valenta, G.; Liebsch, H. (2004). Underground Railways Yesterday - Today - Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3-900607-44-3. 
  • Fischler, Stan (2000). Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0752-0. 
  • Garbutt, Paul (1997). World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-191-0. 

Online resources[edit]

External links[edit]