List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Continent Official population Year
1 Tokyo  Japan Asia 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai  China Asia 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta  Indonesia Asia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi  India Asia 26,454,000[6] 2011
5 Seoul  South Korea Asia 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi  Pakistan Asia 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou  China Asia 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing  China Asia 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Manila  Philippines Asia 24,650,000[9] 2018
10 Shenzhen  China Asia 23,300,000[4] 2010
11 Mexico City  Mexico North America 21,650,668[10] 2017
12 São Paulo  Brazil South America 21,242,939[11] 2016
13 Lagos  Nigeria Africa 21,000,000[12] 2014
14 Mumbai  India Asia 20,748,395[6] 2011
15 Cairo  Egypt Africa 20,500,000[13] 2012
16 New York City  United States North America 20,320,876[14] 2017
17 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)  Japan Asia 19,342,000[3] 2010
18 Wuhan  China Asia 19,000,000[4] 2010
19 Chengdu  China Asia 18,100,000[4] 2010
20 Dhaka  Bangladesh Asia 17,151,925[15] 2011
21 Chongqing  China Asia 17,000,000[4] 2010
22 Moscow  Russia Europe 16,855,000[9]- 25,000,000 2018
23 Tianjin  China Asia 15,400,000[4] 2010
24 Istanbul  Turkey Europe 15,029,231[16] 2017
25 Bangkok  Thailand Asia 14,626,225[17] 2010
26 Kolkata  India Asia 14,617,882[6] 2011
27 Tehran  Iran Asia 14,595,904[18] 2011
28 London  United Kingdom Europe 14,040,163[19] 2016
29 Hangzhou  China Asia 13,400,000[4] 2010
30 Los Angeles  United States North America 13,353,907[14] 2017
31 Buenos Aires  Argentina South America 13,074,000[20] 2010
32 Xi'an  China Asia 12,900,000[4] 2010
33 Changzhou  China Asia 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 12,350,000[9] 2018
35 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America 12,330,186[11] 2016
36 Paris  France Europe 12,142,802[19] 2016
37 Shantou  China Asia 12,000,000[4] 2010
38 Nanjing  China Asia 11,700,000[4] 2010
39 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany Europe 11,471,732[21] 2006
40 Lahore  Pakistan Asia 11,070,000[9] 2018
41 Jinan  China Asia 11,000,000[4] 2010
42 Chennai  India Asia 10,555,000[9] 2018
43 Harbin  China Asia 10,500,000[4] 2010
44 Lima  Peru South America 9,886,647[22] 2015
45 Zhengzhou  China Asia 9,700,000[4] 2010
46 Johannesburg  South Africa Africa 9,616,000[23] 2016
47 Qingdao  China Asia 9,600,000[4] 2010
48 Chicago  United States North America 9,533,040[14] 2017
49 Bogotá  Colombia South America 9,286,225[24] 2015
50 Chūkyō (Nagoya)  Japan Asia 9,107,000[3] 2010
51 Bangalore  India Asia 8,917,749[6] 2011
52 Bandung  Indonesia Asia 8,495,928[25] 2014
53 Busan  South Korea Asia 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
54 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Asia 7,800,000[citation needed] 2017
55 Hyderabad  India Asia 7,749,334[6] 2011
56 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Asia 7,739,570[26] 2016
57 Shenyang  China Asia 7,700,000[4] 2010
58 Wenzhou  China Asia 7,600,000[4] 2010
59 Milan  Italy Europe 7,500,000[27] 2006
60 Hong Kong  China Asia 7,409,800[28] 2017
61 Nanchang  China Asia 7,400,000[4] 2010
62 Dallas-Fort Worth  United States North America 7,399,662[14] 2017
63 Yangon  Myanmar Asia 7,360,703[29] 2014
64 Randstad  Netherlands Europe 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
65 Taipei–Keelung  Taiwan Asia 7,045,488[30] 2013
66 Houston  United States North America 6,892,427[14] 2017
67 Santiago  Chile South America 6,683,852[31] 2012
68 Luanda  Angola Africa 6,542,944[32] 2014
69 Surabaya  Indonesia Asia 10,818,385[33] 2015
70 Madrid  Spain Europe 6,424,275[19] 2016
71 Ahmedabad  India Asia 6,352,254[6] 2011
72 Washington, D.C.  United States North America 6,216,589[14] 2017
73 Saint Petersburg  Russia Europe 6,200,000[34] 2015
74 Miami  United States North America 6,158,824[14] 2017
75 Philadelphia  United States North America 6,096,120[14] 2017
76 Berlin/Brandenburg  Germany Europe 6,004,857[35] 2015
77 Toronto  Canada North America 5,928,040[36] 2016
78 Munich  Germany Europe 5,900,000[37][35] 2014
79 Atlanta  United States North America 5,884,736[14] 2017
80 Belo Horizonte  Brazil South America 5,873,841[11] 2016
81 Amaravati  India Asia 5,873,588[38] 2011
82 Frankfurt Rhine-Main  Germany Europe 5,821,523[39] 2015
83 Singapore  Singapore Asia 5,535,000[40] 2015
84 Barcelona  Spain Europe 5,445,904[19] 2016
85 Ankara  Turkey Asia 5,346,518[16] 2016
86 Caracas  Venezuela South America 5,322,310[41][42] 2015
87 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman  United Arab Emirates Asia 5,300,000[43] 2015
88 Stuttgart  Germany Europe 5,300,000[44][35] 2015
89 Hamburg  Germany Europe 5,100,000[35] 2015
90 Pune  India Asia 5,049,968[6] 2011
91 Sydney  Australia Oceania 5,005,400[45] 2016
92 Guadalajara  Mexico North America 4,909,287[10] 2017
93 Boston  United States North America 4,836,531[14] 2017
94 Alexandria  Egypt Africa 4,778,000[46] 2015
95 Phoenix  United States North America 4,737,270[14] 2017
96 San Francisco–Oakland  United States North America 4,727,357[14] 2017
97 Melbourne  Australia Oceania 4,641,636[47] 2016
98 Kabul  Afghanistan Asia 4,635,000[48] 2015
99 Monterrey  Mexico North America 4,603,254[10] 2017
100 Surat  India Asia 4,585,367[6] 2011

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]