List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai China 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta Indonesia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi India 26,454,000[6] 2016
5 Seoul South Korea 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi Pakistan 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou China 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing China 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Shenzhen China 23,300,000[4] 2010
10 Manila Philippines 22,710,000[9] 2013
11 Mexico City Mexico 21,497,029[10] 2016
12 São Paulo Brazil 21,242,939[11] 2016
13 Lagos Nigeria 21,000,000[12] 2014
14 Mumbai India 20,748,395[6] 2011
15 Cairo Egypt 20,500,000[13] 2012
16 New York City United States 20,320,876[14] 2017
17 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe) Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
18 Wuhan China 19,000,000[4] 2010
19 Chengdu China 18,100,000[4] 2010
20 Dhaka Bangladesh 17,151,925[15] 2011
21 Chongqing China 17,000,000[4] 2010
22 Moscow Russia 16,855,000[16] 2017
23 Tianjin China 15,400,000[4] 2010
24 Istanbul Turkey 15,029,231[17] 2017
25 Bangkok Thailand 14,626,225[18] 2010
26 Kolkata India 14,617,882[6] 2011
27 Tehran Iran 14,595,904[19] 2011
28 London United Kingdom 14,040,163[20] 2016
29 Hangzhou China 13,400,000[4] 2010
30 Los Angeles United States 13,353,907[14] 2017
31 Buenos Aires Argentina 13,074,000[21] 2010
32 Xi'an China 12,900,000[4] 2010
33 Changzhou (Chang-Zhu-Tan) China 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Rio de Janeiro Brazil 12,330,186[11] 2016
35 Paris France 12,142,802[20] 2016
36 Shantou China 12,000,000[4] 2010
37 Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,855,000[22] 2017
38 Nanjing China 11,700,000[4] 2010
39 Rhine-Ruhr Germany 11,471,732[23] 2006
40 Jinan China 11,000,000[4] 2010
41 Chennai India 10,576,167 [24][citation needed] 2014
42 Harbin China 10,500,000[4] 2010
43 Lahore Pakistan 10,052,000 [25] 2010
44 Lima Peru 9,886,647[26] 2015
45 Zhengzhou China 9,700,000[4] 2010
46 Johannesburg South Africa 9,616,000[27] 2016
47 Qingdao China 9,600,000[4] 2010
48 Chicago United States 9,533,040[14] 2017
49 Bogotá Colombia 9,286,225[28] 2015
50 Chūkyō (Nagoya) Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
51 Bangalore India 8,917,749[6] 2011
52 Bandung Indonesia 8,495,928[29] 2014
53 Busan South Korea 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
54 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 7,800,000[citation needed] 2017
55 Hyderabad India 7,749,334[6] 2011
56 Riyadh Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[30] 2016
57 Shenyang China 7,700,000[4] 2010
58 Wenzhou China 7,600,000[4] 2010
59 Milan Italy 7,500,000[31] 2006
60 Hong Kong China 7,409,800[32] 2017
61 Nanchang China 7,400,000[4] 2010
62 Dallas-Fort Worth United States 7,399,662[14] 2017
63 Yangon Myanmar 7,360,703[33] 2014
64 Randstad Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
65 Taipei–Keelung Taiwan 7,045,488[34] 2013
66 Houston United States 6,892,427[14] 2017
67 Santiago Chile 6,683,852[35] 2012
68 Luanda Angola 6,542,944[36] 2014
69 Surabaya Indonesia 6,484,206[29] 2015
70 Madrid Spain 6,424,275[20] 2016
71 Ahmedabad India 6,352,254[6] 2011
72 Washington, D.C. United States 6,216,589[14] 2017
73 Miami United States 6,158,824[14] 2017
74 Philadelphia United States 6,096,120[14] 2017
75 Berlin/Brandenburg Germany 6,004,857[37] 2015
76 Toronto Canada 5,928,040[38] 2016
77 Munich Germany 5,900,000[39][37] 2014
78 Atlanta United States 5,884,736[14] 2017
79 Belo Horizonte Brazil 5,873,841[11] 2016
80 Amaravati India 5,873,588[40] 2011
81 Frankfurt Rhine-Main Germany 5,821,523[41] 2015
82 Singapore Singapore 5,535,000[42] 2015
83 Barcelona Spain 5,445,904[20] 2016
84 Ankara Turkey 5,346,518[17] 2016
85 Caracas Venezuela 5,322,310[43][44] 2015
86 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[45] 2015
87 Stuttgart Germany 5,300,000[46][37] 2015
88 Hamburg Germany 5,100,000[37] 2015
89 Pune India 5,049,968[6] 2011
90 Sydney Australia 5,005,400[47] 2016
91 Guadalajara Mexico 4,909,287[10] 2017
92 Boston United States 4,836,531[14] 2017
93 Alexandria Egypt 4,778,000[48] 2015
94 Phoenix United States 4,737,270[14] 2017
95 San Francisco–Oakland United States 4,727,357[14] 2017
96 Melbourne Australia 4,641,636[49] 2016
97 Kabul Afganistan 4,635,000[50] 2015
98 Surat India 4,585,367[6] 2011
99 Riverside-San Bernardino United States 4,580,670[14] 2017
100 Monterrey Mexico 4,477,614[10] 2015

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]