List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult. However, for consistency, the sources on this article include official figures from governments only.

As an alternative to the metropolitan area, Eurostat introduced the concept of the Larger Urban Zone in 2004.[1] Similarly, OECD defines Functional Urban Areas for cities in OECD countries.[2] Both Larger Urban Zone and Functional Urban Area define a city as an urban core surrounded by a commuting zone, and so are similar to the general concept of the "metropolitan area". Eurostat only computes Larger Urban Zone populations for European Union member states, candidate members, and European Free Trade Area members. OECD computes Functional Urban Area populations for OECD member states. These two statistics are therefore not available for most developing countries.

List[edit]

Note: Due to a lack of accurate governmental data, this list is incomplete.

Rank Metropolitan Country Official population Year
1 Tokyo  Japan 37,832,892[3] 2016
2 Shanghai  China 34,865,252[4] 2010
3 Jakarta  Indonesia 31,689,592[5] 2015
4 Delhi  India 26,454,000[6] 2016
5 Seoul  South Korea 25,514,000[7] 2016
6 Karachi  Pakistan 25,100,000[8] 2016
7 Guangzhou  China 25,000,000[4] 2010
8 Beijing  China 24,900,000[4] 2010
9 Shenzhen  China 23,300,000[4] 2010
10 Mexico City  Mexico 21,339,781[9] 2015
11 São Paulo  Brazil 21,242,939[10] 2016
12 Lagos  Nigeria 21,000,000[11] 2014
13 Mumbai  India 20,748,395[6] 2011
14 Cairo  Egypt 20,500,000[12] 2012
15 New York  United States 20,153,634[13] 2016
16 Keihanshin (Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe)  Japan 19,342,000[3] 2010
17 Moscow  Russia 19,000,000[citation needed] 2016
18 Wuhan  China 19,000,000[4] 2010
19 Chengdu  China 18,100,000[4] 2010
20 Dhaka  Bangladesh 17,151,925[14] 2011
21 Chongqing  China 17,000,000[4] 2010
22 Tianjin  China 15,400,000[4] 2010
23 Istanbul  Turkey 14,804,116[15] 2016
24 Bangkok  Thailand 14,626,225[16] 2010
25 Kolkata  India 14,617,882[6] 2011
26 Tehran  Iran 14,595,904[17] 2011
27 London  United Kingdom 13,842,667[18] 2015
28 Hangzhou  China 13,400,000[4] 2010
29 Los Angeles  United States 13,310,447[13] 2016
30 Buenos Aires  Argentina 13,074,000[19] 2010
31 Xi'an  China 12,900,000[4] 2010
32 Manila  Philippines 12,877,253[20] 2015
33 Changzhou  China 12,400,000[4] 2010
34 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 12,330,186[10] 2016
35 Paris  France 12,073,914[18] 2015
36 Shantou  China 12,000,000[4] 2010
37 Nanjing  China 11,700,000[4] 2010
38 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany 11,471,732[21] 2006
39 Jinan  China 11,000,000[4] 2010
40 Chennai  India 10,576,167[citation needed] 2011
41 Harbin  China 10,500,000[4] 2010
42 Lahore  Pakistan 10,052,000[22] 2010
43 Lima  Peru 9,886,647[23] 2015
44 Zhengzhou  China 9,700,000[4] 2010
45 Johannesburg  South Africa 9,616,000[24] 2016
46 Qingdao  China 9,600,000[4] 2010
47 Chicago  United States 9,512,999[13] 2016
48 Bogotá  Colombia 9,286,225[25] 2015
49 Chūkyō (Nagoya)  Japan 9,107,000[3] 2010
50 Bangalore  India 8,917,749[6] 2011
51 Bandung  Indonesia 8,495,928[26] 2014
52 Busan  South Korea 8,202,239[citation needed] 2014
53 Hyderabad  India 7,749,334[6] 2011
54 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 7,739,570[27] 2016
55 Shenyang  China 7,700,000[4] 2010
56 Wenzhou  China 7,600,000[4] 2010
57 Milan  Italy 7,500,000[28] 2006
58 Nanchang  China 7,400,000[4] 2010
59 Yangon  Myanmar 7,360,703[29] 2014
60 Hong Kong  China 7,298,600[30] 2015
61 Dallas–Fort Worth  United States 7,233,323[13] 2016
62 Randstad  Netherlands 7,100,000[citation needed] 2016
63 Taipei–Keelung  Taiwan 7,045,488[31] 2013
64 Houston  United States 6,772,470[13] 2016
65 Santiago  Chile 6,683,852[32] 2012
66 Luanda  Angola 6,542,944[33] 2014
67 Surabaya  Indonesia 6,484,206[34] 2015
68 Toronto  Canada 6,417,516[35][better source needed] 2016
69 Madrid  Spain 6,385,298[18] 2015
70 Ahmedabad  India 6,352,254[6] 2011
71 Washington, D.C.  United States 6,131,977[13] 2016
72 Philadelphia  United States 6,070,500[13] 2016
73 Miami  United States 6,066,387[13] 2016
74 Berlin/Brandenburg  Germany 6,004,857[36] 2015
75 Munich  Germany 5,900,000[37][36] 2014
76 Belo Horizonte  Brazil 5,873,841[10] 2016
77 Frankfurt Rhine-Main  Germany 5,821,523[36] 2015
78 Atlanta  United States 5,789,700[13] 2016
79 Singapore  Singapore 5,535,000[38] 2015
80 Barcelona  Spain 5,432,802[18] 2015
81 Ankara  Turkey 5,346,518[15] 2016
82 Caracas  Venezuela 5,322,310[39][40] 2015
83 Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman  United Arab Emirates 5,300,000[41] 2015
84 Stuttgart  Germany 5,300,000[42][36] 2015
85 Hamburg  Germany 5,100,000[36] 2015
86 Pune  India 5,049,968[6] 2011
87 Sydney  Australia 5,005,400[43] 2016
88 Guadalajara  Mexico 4,796,050[9] 2015
89 Boston  United States 4,794,447[13] 2016
90 San Francisco–Oakland  United States 4,679,166[13] 2016
91 Phoenix  United States 4,661,537[13] 2016
92 Melbourne  Australia 4,641,636[43] 2016
93 Surat  India 4,585,367[6] 2011
94 Riverside-San Bernardino  United States 4,527,837[13] 2014
95 Monterrey  Mexico 4,477,614[9] 2015
96 Rome  Italy 4,342,046[18] 2015
97 Detroit  United States 4,297,617[13] 2016
98 Montreal  Canada 4,098,927[44] 2016
99 Athens  Greece 3,822,843[18] 2015

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]