List of metropolitan areas in Asia

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The Asian continent is one of the fastest-growing continents in the World, with increasing urbanisation and a high growth rate for cities. Tokyo in Japan is the world's largest metropolitan area by population.

The population of the given cities are obtained from five different sources:

  • City Population
  • Demographia (urban areas)
  • United Nations World’s Cities in 2016 Booklet, whose data source is: “United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014), World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision.”
  • World Atlas
  • National Official Estimate (NOE)

Out of these five sources, the highest estimate is shown in bold. The cities are ranked on the basis of their highest estimate of population. Some remarks:

  • The official statistics for Chinese cities are for municipalities which usually extend well beyond the urban areas and comprise a substantial rural population. When such statistics exceed the estimated figures, as in the case for Chongqing, Wuhan and Shenyang, they are not taken into account.
  • The figure for Shanghai from City Population includes the city of Suzhou (some 100 km or 62 miles northwest of Shanghai), which is not included in other estimates or in the official statistics and therefore is not taken into account.
  • The figure for Guangzhou from City Population is for the urban population of the Guangdong province, also which includes the cities Shenzhen, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Huizhou. The area has not yet been developed into a single metropolitan area and therefore this figure is not taken into account. Shenzhen and Dongguan are listed separately in this table.
  • Demographia and world Atlas give figures for the contiguous cities of Quanzhou, Jinjiang and Shishi. City Population includes these three cities in its figures for Xiamen (population 4-4.8 million), giving a total population of 10,000,000. However, Xiamen is not actually contiguous with the three other cities and this statistic is not taken into account.
  • The figure for Delhi from City Population includes the cities of Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, which are not included in other estimates or in the official statistics and therefore is not taken into account.

The table is color-coded to show which region of Asia each city is in. The color-code key is as follows:

With twenty cities, East Asia accounts for half of cities under this list, with China having the lion's share with fifteen cities, South Asia comes second with ten cities, seven of which are in India. Southeast Asia accounts for seven cities and West Asia with just four cities.

List[edit]

Rank Area Image Country Metro
Population
(2017 est.)[1]
Demographia
(2017 est.)[2]
UN WC
(2016 est.)[3]
World
Atlas
(2017 est.)[4]
Official or
Other
Est. Year
1 Tokyo Shinjuku skyline, Tokyo - Sony A7R (11831328835).jpg  Japan 40,400,000 37,977,000 38,140,000[5] 37,843,000 31,714,000[6] 2005
2 Jakarta Jakarta.jpg  Indonesia 31,300,000 34,540,000 10,483,000[7] 30,539,000 15,519,545 [8] 2010
(Census Final)
3 Delhi  India 30,300,000 29,617,000 26,454,000[9] 24,998,000 11,034,555 [7][10] 2011
4 Mumbai Mumbai skyline BWSL.jpg  India 25,100,000 23,355,000 21,357,000[9] 17,712,000 17,800,000[11] 2001
5 Seoul Seoul (South Korea).jpg  South Korea 24,800,000 21,794,000 Seoul 9,979,000[7]
Incheon 2,711,000[7]
23,480,000 24,272,000 [12] 2007
6 Shanghai Pudong Shanghai November 2017 panorama.jpg  China 31,100,000[13] 23,390,000 24,484,000[7] 23,416,000 23,019,148[14] 2010
7 Manila Manila as seen from Intramuros.jpg  Philippines 24,100,000 24,245,000 13,131,000[9] 24,123,000 11,553,427[15] 2007
8 Karachi Karachi from above.jpg  Pakistan 24,000,000 14,910,352 15,121,000[7] 16,123,000 - -
9 Beijing Beijing skyline from northeast 4th ring road (cropped).jpg  China 20,700,000 20,415,000 21,240,000[9] 21,009,000 19,612,368[16] 2010
10 Guangzhou-Foshan Guangzhou Twin Towers.jpg  China 48,600,000[17] 19,075,000 Guangzhou 13,070,000[9]
Foshan 7,089,000[9]
20,597,000 12,700,800[18] -
11 Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto (Keihanshin) Nakanoshima Skyscrapers in 201504 001.jpg  Japan 17,800,000 17,075,000 20,337,000[5] 17,440,000 16,663,000[6] 2005
12 Dhaka Bangladesh Bank (33398162476).jpg  Bangladesh 17,190,000 16,820,000 18,237,000[5] 15,669,000 12,797,394[19] 2008
13 Bangkok 0008871 - Krung Thep Bridge 001.jpg  Thailand 17,400,000 15,645,000 9,440,000[5] 14,998,000 8,249,117 [20] 2010
14 Kolkata Kolkata City skyline from Hoogly bridge.jpg  India 16,200,000 14,950,000 14,980,000[9] 14,667,000 - -
15 Istanbul[21] Levent, Istanbul at night.jpg  Turkey 16,000,000 15,154,000 14,365,000[7] 14,163,989 15,519,267[22] 2019
16 Tehran North of Tehran Skyline view.jpg  Iran 24,000,000 13,805,000 8,516,000[7] 13,532,000 13,422,366[23] 2006
17 Chongqing A View of Chongqing Central Business District.jpg  China 7,200,000 7,990,000 13,744,000[9] 7,217,000 28,846,170[24][25] 2010
18 Tianjin Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 1.jpg  China 11,800,000 13,245,000 11,558,000[9] 10,920,000 12,938,224[26] -
19 Shenzhen Lo Wu District 201701.jpg  China included in Guangzhou 12,775,000 10,828,000 12,084,000[9] 10,357,938[27] -
20 Chengdu Jiuyanqiao.jpg  China 9,750,000 11,050,000 7,820,000[9] 10,376,000 - -
21 Bangalore Bangalore .jpg  India 10,800,000 10,535,000 10,456,000[9] 8,728,906 8,499,399 2011[28]
22 Lahore Badshahi Mosquee, Lahore.jpg  Pakistan 10,500,000 10,666,000 8,990,000[9] 10,052,000 - -
23 Nagoya Meieki from Heiwa Park Aqua Tower.jpg  Japan 10,500,000 10,070,000 9,434,000[5] 10,177,000 9,046,000[6] 2005
24 Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh City Skyline (night).jpg  Vietnam 8,310,000 10,380,000 7,498,000[9] 8,957,000 7,955,000 2014
25 Chennai Chennai Kathipara bridge.jpg  India 10,300,000 10,265,000 10,163,000[9] 9,714,000 8,696,010 2011[28]
26 Hyderabad Gachibowli IT & Financial District Skyline View, Dec 2018.jpg  India 9,200,000 9,305,000 9,218,000[9] 8,754,000 - -
27 Taipei Taipei, Taiwan CBD Skyline.jpg  Taiwan 9,050,000 8,550,000 2,669,000[9] 7,438,000 8,916,653 [23] 2010
28 Hangzhou Hangzhou CBD (Cropped).jpg  China 8,450,000 6,820,000 - 7,275,000 - -
29 Dongguan 旗峰山顶看南城.jpg  China Included in Guangzhou 8,310,000 7,469,000[9] 8,442,000 - -
30 Wuhan WuhanSkyline.jpg  China 8,100,000 7,895,000 7,979,000[9] 7,509,000 9,785,392[29][30] -
31 Shenyang Shenyang Qingnian Street.JPG  China 7,800,000 7,935,000 6,438,000[9] 6,078,000 8,106,171[31] -
32 Hanoi West Hanoi.jpg  Vietnam 3,450,000 7,785,000 3,790,000[9] 3,715,000 - -
33 Ahmedabad Ahmedabad BRTS.jpg  India 7,650,000 7,645,000 7,571,000[9] 7,186,000 - -
34 Kuala Lumpur Moonrise over kuala lumpur.jpg  Malaysia 6,800,000 7,590,000 7,047,000[9] 7,088,000 1,768.00 [32][33] 2015
35 Hong Kong Hong Kong Harbour Night 2019-06-11.jpg  China
7,300,000 7,330,000 - 7,246,000[9] 7,246,000 -
36 Singapore Singapore Marina Bay Dusk 2018-02-27.jpg  Singapore 7,058,000 5,825,000 5,717,000[9] 5,624,000 5,607,300 [34] 2017
37 Nanjing Nanjing downtown.jpg  China 7,050,000 6,320,000 - 6,155,000 - -
38 Zhengzhou-Xingyang Zhengdong CBD 01.jpg  China 4,800,000 7,005,000 4,539,000[9] 4,942,000 - -
39 Riyadh Riyadh Skyline.jpg  Saudi Arabia 7,676,654 6,030,000 6,540,000[7] 5,666,000 6,506,000 2014
40 Baghdad فندق بغداد روتانا.jpg  Iraq 7,144,000 6,960,000 6,811,000[9] 6,625,000 - -
41 Quanzhou-Shishi-Jinjiang 泉州浦西万达广场 - panoramio.jpg  China Included in Xiamen [35] 6,480,000 1,469,000[9] 6,710,000 - -

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. "The Principal Agglomerations of the World". CityPopulation. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  2. ^ "Demographia World Urban Areas 13 Th Annual Edition: 2017:04" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  3. ^ "World cities in 2016: Data Booklet" (PDF). The United Nations: Population Division. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  4. ^ "World's Largest Cities". Archived from the original on 28 August 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  5. ^ a b c d e Metropolitan Area
  6. ^ a b c "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas" (PDF). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (Japan). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-11-13. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i City proper
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2010-10-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) BPS:Hari Statistik Nasional Sensus Penduduk 2010 (Official 2010 Census Figures), Summed from definition
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Urban Agglomeration
  10. ^ Delhi census
  11. ^ "Basic Statistics for Mumbai". MMRDA: Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
  12. ^ "Seoul National Capital Area Statistics" (in Korean). Korean National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  13. ^ Figure includes the city of Suzhou, which is not included in other estimates or in the official statistics
  14. ^ "Shanghai sixth national census in 2010 Communiqué on Major Data, Chinese: 上海市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau. 3 May 2011. Archived from the original on 26 November 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011.
  15. ^ "Metro Manila at a glance". Metropolitan Manila Development Authority. Retrieved 2009-08-25.[dead link]
  16. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27.
  17. ^ This figure is for the urban population of the Guangdong province, which includes Shenzhen, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, and Huizhou, which has not yet been developed into a single metropolitan area
  18. ^ 广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. 2011-05-16. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
  19. ^ "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2009-04-19. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  20. ^ "National Statistical Office of Thailand" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-05-01. Retrieved 2017-08-03.
  21. ^ Istanbul is a transcontinental city straddling Eurasia. The majority of its residents live in the commercial and historical centre on the European side, and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosphorus, however the population figure includes the whole city.
  22. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System (2019)". Turkish Statistical Institute. 31 December 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
  23. ^ a b "Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics 2011.4". Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan/R.O.C. Archived from the original on 2014-03-29.
  24. ^ 2010 Census
  25. ^ Figure for the municipality which extend well beyond the urban area (31,816 sq mi)
  26. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census[1] (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  27. ^ 深圳市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报[1] (in Chinese). Shenzhen Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2014-05-12. Archived from the original on 2011-08-04. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
  28. ^ a b http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_3_PR_UA_Citiees_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  29. ^ "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Wuhan Statistics Bureau. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  30. ^ Figure for the municipality which extend well beyond the urban area (3,279.71 sq mi)
  31. ^ "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Shenyang Statistics Bureau. 20 May 2011. Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  32. ^ Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur
  33. ^ Population projections for 2015
  34. ^ Statistic Singapore [1] Archived 2015-11-29 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 2014/08/02
  35. ^ City Population includes these three cities in its figures for Xiamen (population 4-4.8 million), giving a total population of 10,000,000. However Xiamen is not actually contiguous