List of metropolitan areas in Asia

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This is a list of metropolitan areas and urban areas in Asia with the largest population according to several sources. The Asian continent is one of the fastest-growing continents in the World, with increasing urbanisation and a high growth rate for cities. Tokyo in Japan is the world's largest metropolitan area by population. Many other cities, such as Jakarta, Karachi, Mumbai, Delhi, Dhaka, Seoul, Shanghai, Manila and Bangkok are important metropolises.

The population of the given cities are obtained from five different sources:

  • The World Gazetteer
  • City Population
  • Demographia (urban area)
  • United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects (urban area)
  • National Official Estimate (NOE)

Out of these five sources, the highest estimate is shown in bold. The cities are ranked on the basis of their highest estimate of population.

The table is color-coded to show which region of Asia each city is in. The color-code key is as follows:

With 14 cities, East Asia accounts for the largest number of cities under this list. South Asia, with 11 cities, comes second. Southeast Asia accounts for five cities.

List[edit]

Rank Area Image Country World
Gazetteer
(2010 est.)[1]
City
Population
(2009 est.)[2]
Demographia
(2009 est.)[3]
UN WUP
(2007 est.)[4]
Official or
Other
Est. Year
1 Tokyo Skyscrapers of Shinjuku 2009 January.jpg  Japan 37,730,064 33,800,000 34,670,000 35,676,000 31,714,000[5] 2005
2 Chongqing SkylineOfChongqing.jpg  China 28,846,170 6,350,000 2,990,000 30,000,000 28,846,170[6] -
3 Shanghai 2012 Pudong.jpg  China 25,500,000 17,900,000 14,655,000 14,987,000 23,019,148[7] 2010
4 Karachi KHI Skyline.jpg  Pakistan 25,205,339 25,000,000 23,665,000 21,130,000 20,800,000[8] 2015
5 Beijing Beijing Financial Street (overlook).jpg  China 25,000,000 13,200,000 12,780,000 11,106,000 19,612,368[9] 2010
6 Guangzhou Guangzhou dusk 11-5-2008.png  China 24,900,000 15,300,000 11,850,000 8,829,000 12,700,800[10] -
7 Mumbai Mumbai Skyline at Night.jpg  India 23,900,967 25,400,000 25,400,000 18,978,000 17,800,000[11] 2001
8 Delhi Skyscrapers connaught place New Delhi.JPG  India 23,753,486 23,753,486 21,830,000 15,926,000 17,076,000[8] 2008
9 Manila Makati at sunset.jpg  Philippines 23,654,307 24,200,000 20,075,000 11,100,000 11,553,427[12] 2007
10 Seoul Seoul at night.jpg  South Korea 22,692,652 23,900,000 19,670,000 9,796,000 24,272,000[13] 2007
11 Wuhan WuhanSkyline.jpg  China 19,000,000 19,000,000 5,185,000 7,243,000 9,785,392[6] -
12 Osaka Osaka - Night View.jpg  Japan 17,409,585 16,700,000 17,310,000 11,294,000 16,663,000[5] 2005
13 Tianjin Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 2.jpg  China 15,769,500 15,469,500 8,340,000 7,180,000 12,938,224[6] -
14 Kolkata Kolka.jpg  India 15,644,040 16,000,000 15,250,000 14,787,000 - -
15 Jakarta Jakarta Car Free Day.jpg  Indonesia 13,231,919 15,100,000 9,645,000 9,125,000 15,519,545[14] 2010 Census Final
16 Dhaka Dhaka-Bangladesh.jpg  Bangladesh 14,327,157 13,100,000 10,190,000 13,485,000 12,797,394[15] 2008
17 Shenzhen Shenzhen CBD and River.jpg  China 12,250,000 9,400,000 14,230,000 7,581,000 10,357,938[10] -
18 Shenyang Sanhao bridge.jpg  China 12,618,933 5,150,000 4,965,000 4,787,000 8,106,171[6] -
19 Tehran Tehran Skyline.jpg  Iran 13,236,489 12,500,000 8,110,000 7,873,000 13,422,366[8] 2006
20 Bangkok All Seasons Plaza Bangkok.jpg  Thailand 10,132,974 8,750,000 8,330,000 6,704,000 6,825,956[8] 2006
21 Chennai Chennai skyline.JPG  India 9,663,922 7,000,000 7,400,000 8,865,000 8,696,010 2011[16]
22 Nagoya Nagoya dome from Midland Square.JPG  Japan 8,852,544 8,300,000 9,285,000 3,230,000 9,046,000[5] 2005
23 Bengaluru UB City.jpg  India 11,783,825 9,250,000 7,030,000 8,670,000 8,499,399 2011[16]
24 Hong Kong Skyline - Hong Kong, China.jpg  China 9,222,709 7,200,000 7,000,000 7,206,000 - -
25 Taipei Xindian Skyline.jpg  Taiwan 8,511,055 6,750,000 6,610,000 - 8,916,653[8] 2010
26 Lahore Kalma Underpass1.jpg  Pakistan 7,129,609 8,300,000 9,600,000[17] 8,376,000[18] 9,600,000[8] 2014
28 Kuala Lumpur KL-Skyline Night HDR.JPG  Malaysia 8,063,230 4,700,000 5,715,000 - 4,525,000[8] 2007
29 Hyderabad Hyderabad Financial district,India.jpg  India 6,383,850 7,350,000 6,815,000 6,376,000 - -
30 Ho Chi Minh City Vista de Ciudad Ho Chi Minh desde Bitexco Financial Tower, Vietnam, 2013-08-14, DD 13.JPG  Vietnam 5,381,158 5,650,000 7,005,000 5,314,000 7,955,000 2014
31 Ahmedabad Amdavad Aerial.jpg  India 5,413,622 5,800,000 5,265,000 5,375,000 - -
32 Kathmandu Kathmandu Valley.jpg    Nepal 3,500,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 - -

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World: metropolitan areas". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  2. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. "The Principal Agglomerations of the World". CityPopulation. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  3. ^ "Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-11-07.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  4. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision Population Database". The United Nations: Population Division. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  5. ^ a b c "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas" (PDF). Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (Japan). Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  6. ^ a b c d "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Wuhan Statistics Bureau. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "census2010" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "census2010" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  7. ^ "Shanghai sixth national census in 2010 Communiqué on Major Data, Chinese: 上海市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics 2011.4". Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan/R.O.C. 
  9. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 
  10. ^ a b 广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Chinese). Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2011-05-25.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "2010census" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  11. ^ "Basic Statistics for Mumbai". MMRDA: Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  12. ^ "Metro Manila at a glance". Metropolitan Manila Development Authority. Retrieved 2009-08-25. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Seoul National Capital Area Statistics" (in Korean). Korean National Statistical Office. Retrieved 2009-11-06. 
  14. ^ http://www.bps.go.id/aboutus.php?hasilSP2010=1 BPS:Hari Statistik Nasional Sensus Penduduk 2010 (Official 2010 Census Figures), Summed from definition
  15. ^ "Statistical Pocket Book, 2008" (pdf). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  16. ^ a b http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_3_PR_UA_Citiees_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/world/Agglomerations.html
  18. ^ http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf